The Beaver Herald. (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 20, Ed. 1, Thursday, October 31, 1907 Page: 2 of 10
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DRY LAND FARMING
TESTS IN NEBRASKA
State Experiment Station Proves What Can To Done on Scml-
Arld Lands By W. P. Snyder Superintendent.
The Important problem In dry land
funning la to consorvo tho molsturo
In tho soil distributing It through-
out tho season of growth. Tho total
annual precipitation Is usually sum-
clont to grow a largo crop but somo
of it conies when not needed and In
larger quantities than enn bo used and
often falls to como when most needed
by tho crop. Tho soil may bo used
ns a vast reservoir for storing tho
water until It Is used by tho plant.
Uy keoplng tho soil looso on top wo
Btcp evaporation from tho soil bo that
all tho water may bo used by tho
plant. In this way wo Bavo tho water
In tho soil until It is needed by tho
Surfaco tlllago Is a means of trap-
ping tho ralnfnll. Tho surfaco soil
is mado looso and tho capillary con-
nection betweon tho looso surfaco nnd
tho firmer and molator Boll below la
brokon making It more difficult for
tho water In tho soli to roach tho nur-
face whoro It Is lost by ovaporatlon.
The depth of cultivation doHlrnblo In
tho formation of tho soil mulch well
depend on tho frequency of cultivation
nnd tho nmount of rainfall. During
a long dry period ft mulch throo or
four Inches thick Is not too much. If
a crust forms on tho surface water is
lost rapidly by ovaporatlon. If a crust
forma undor tho mulch it provents
k&m& At hSWMlS
BSPWv? A4?L &&'. &
Stacking Alfalfa on High Table Land Nebraska Experiment Farm.
the circulation of air In tho soil and
also favors tho cscnpo of tho water.
This crust must bo broken by dcoper
Land is summor tilled to storo tho
molsturo of ono season in ordor that
a crop may bo grown tho next. Tho
moro thorough tho tillage tho better
this molsturo Is conserved. Whon n
small grain crop is being harvested
tho disk Bhould follow tho binder. Tho
ground may bo plowed later In tho
fall and packed with n harrow and a
soil packer. An soon as tho frost Is
gono In tho spring tho ground should
bo mado looso on top. It should bo
kept in this condition all summer or
until tho noxt crop is needed. Tho disk
nnd harrow should bo used as ofton ns
necossnry to keep tho surfaco looso.
Whon tho ground Is not plowed In tho
fall it will bo necessary to disk it ear-
ly In tho spring and plow beforo July
15 Dcop pjowlng increases tho en-
jjacity of tho soil to hold wntor. If
OF CLEAN MILK
By W. J. Tracer Illinois Experi-
Keop tho cow3 clean and do not
compol or allow them to wado and
live in filth. This menns clean yards
and clean woll bedded stalls. Every-
thing short of this is positively re-
pulsive and should not bo tolerated
any longor in a civilized community.
"wetting tho teats" by which is
meant tho drawing of a littlo mill into
tho hands with which to wot tho
teats beforo and during milking
leaving tho excess of filthy milk to
drop from tho hands and teats Into
Wash all utensils clean by first
UBlng lukewarm water afterwards
washing In warm water and rinsing
.in an abundanco of boiling water
then exposing until tho noxt using In
direct sunlight which 13 a good
Ubo milk nails cans. etc.. for no
othor purposes but to hold milk.
Keop out of theso utensils all sour
or tainted milk.
Look for Lice. If tho plumago of
tho fowlB of chicks looks rough and
tho birds aro continually dusting them-
selves in the earth or running their
bills about tho plumage It is tlmo to
look for llco. Bxamlno each specimen
carefully and oven if no vorraln ia
found it is Bafo to thoroughly dust
each bird with somo llko killing pow-
der. If tho growing chicka are freo
from lice have plenty of good food
yet don't seem to thrive nnd grow as
they should it la pretty likely that
they are crowding at night or perhaps
are sleeping in a coop which Is not
sufficiently ventilated. Attention to
this part of the business will mean
better and more profitable chicka.
weeds nro allowed to grow tho offcctB
of Bummer tilling nro lost. Tho sur-
faco should never bo allowed to bo-
cdmo hard for this gives tho samo
condition! ns leaving a liolo in tho bot-
tom of a water tank: it permits tho
cscnpo of tho water. To properly
summer-till lnnd requires ns much or
moro labor nnd attention than raising
a corn crop.
Subsurface packing is tho firming of
tho soil boneath tho mulch. This is
not dono to hold tho molsturo but to
allow tho molsturo to como up with-
in roach of tho plant roots to mako a
road for tho watqr to climb up for
water cannot go upward without a
connected' lino nlong which to trnvol.
When tho soil Is very looso nnd full
of air Bpacos tho lino Is unjolntcd but
when tho soil ha3 been packed tho
air spaces nro squeezed out tho soil
grains brought togothor and a flno
roadbed Is mado for tho upward
movomont of tho water
Ilowovor the tilling of tho soil is
not tho sum totnl of dry-land farm-
ing. Drought-resistant varieties ro-
tations nnd fertility nro also very
Important factors. Tho durum varie-
ties of winter wheat aro in turn out-
yielding tho durum. Khorson nnd oth-
er early varlotlos of oats aro fast re-
placing tho common varieties. Alfal-
fa is destined to produco a wonderful
' r '
chango In tho west both in its effoct
upon tho soil nnd as a forago crop. Ro-
tations often givo ns great Increase In
yield ns tillage or varieties. All thoso
factors should bo given equnl atten-
tion in n comprehensivo systom of
crop production for western Nebraska.
There aro several ways in which
plants may "resist drought." Somo
plants such as durum wheat scorn to
have tho faculty of maturing grain
with tho uso of less water than tho
common varieties. Othor grains as
Khorson oats ovado in part lather
than roslst drought by maturing be-
foro tho drought comes. Somo crops
withstand drought becnuso of an ox-
tonslvo root systom that collects mols-
turo from a largo area of soil and
still others ns tho Kafir corn havo tho
power of retarding their growth and
waiting over until molsturo comes.
Plants having such characteristics
will prove valuablo whoro tho supply
of molsturo Is uncertain.
Concrete Smoke House
Concroto is nn excellent material
with which to build smokehouses
slnco tho walls aro cool and havo a
tondency to prevent tho heating of tho
meat by means of tho smoko arising.
Cross Section of Concroto Smokehouse.
Whero It Is posslblo tho smoko pit
should bo a littlo dlstanco awny and
tho smoko allowed to enter through a
little tunnel which .may bo mado of an
eight or ten-Inch tllo. Tho concroto
wslls need not bo moro than six
inches thick and If desired tho top
may bo formod cheaply of ono slab of
concroto laid with a vory little Blaut
to carry oft the drip. In this slab
should bo Imbedded wires six Inches
apart running in both directions
which will provent Its cracking. Tho
hooks to hang tho meat should then
bo Inserted In tho concrcto when it la
formed. The meat bench abouhl bo ot
i.?. u &wmr.iB
x T.xrr x
x x x x
x xx x
i I i I l . . ! 1.
NOT THE TIME TO STOP.
Manager Saw the Possibilities In the
Jim Johnstone tho famous base-
ball umpire said recently in Now
York that baseball crowds wcro far
kinder to umpires than they used
"Thin is truo of theater crowds
too" snld Mr. Johnstone. "Why with
provincial touring companies in tho
past maltreatment wns regularly ex-
pected. In fact tho companies prof-
ited by it in moro ways than ono.
"I know of a company that was
playing 'Tho Broken Vow in Paint
hock a ono night Btnnd. Tho audi-
enco didn't llko 'Tho Hrokcn Vow' and
eggs cabbages and potatoes rained
upon tho stage.
"Still tho piny went on. Tho horo
raved through his endless speeches
dodging an onion or a baseball every
other minute nnd pretty soro from
thoso missiles that ho hadn't been
ablo to dodgo.
"But flnnlly a gallery auditor In ft
paroxysm of rago and scorn hurled a
heavy boot and tho actor thoroughly
alarmed started to retreat.
" 'Keep on playing you fool hissed
tho manager from tho wings ns ho
hooked In tho boot with nn umbrella.
'Keep on till wo got tho othor ono.' "
PRESCRIPTIONS IN LATIN.
Tho Public Should Have Them Trans-
lated by tho Druggists.
What vlrtuo Is there In tho secrecy
with which tho doctor hedges about
"Professional etiquette" occupies a
prominent placo In tho curriculum of
every medical school and when' strict-
ly analyzed "professional etiquette"
seems to moan "doing what is best for
tho doctor individually and col-
lectively." Among tho things that "is best for
tho doctor" is tho writing of his pre-
scriptions In Latin and thus keeping
tho public in ignorance not only of
what It is taking for its Ills but forc-
ing a call upon tho doctor each tlmo
a prescription is needed.
In plain and unmlstakablo English
tho writing of prescriptions In Lathi
makes business for tho doctors.
Lot us say that you have tho ague'.
You had It last year and tho year bo-
fore. Each tlmo you have visited the
doctor and ho has prescribed for you
In Latin. You havo nover known
what ho has given you for tho disease
nnd eo each time you aro forced to go
to him again and givo him an oppor-
tunity to repeat his prescription in
Latin nnd his fee in dollars.
If you ask tho doctor why ho uses
Latin in writing his prescriptions why
ho writes "nqua" when ho means wn-
tor ho will givo you n technical dis-
sertation on tho purity of tho Latin
language and tho fact that all words
aro derived from It etc. It will bo a
dissertation that you mny nojnblo
to answer but it will hardly convince
It would bo a good thing for tho pub-
lic to devlso a littlo code of othlcs of
Its own; ethics that will be "a good
thing for tho public Individually nnd
Let us apply ono of tho rules of this
codo of ethics to you the Individual.
You call In tho physician when you
hnvo tho nguo tho grippe or any of
tho other ills to which human flesh Is
holr nnd which you may havo again
somo day. Tho doctor prescribes in
Latin nnd you take thin to you mean-
ingless scribble to tho druggist to
havo It compounded. Right here is
whoro you como in if you aro wise.
Say to the druggist that you want a
translation of that proscription. It is
your prlvllego to know what you aro
tnklng. While tho doctor's codo of
ethics mny not recognize this right It
Is yours Just tho same.
With tho translated prescription In
your possession you havo two d!slact
advantages. You know what you aro
taking and should you wish to call
somo other doctor at somo time you
will bo ablo to toll him what drugs you
havo been putting Into your systom
nnd also If you should havo the same
dlsoaso again you can savo yourself
a visit to tho doctor and his fee by
tnklng this translated proscription to
tho druggist onco moro and having II
Tho aeronaut aftor painfull) ex-
tricating himself from the wrecked
balloon llmpod to tho noarest farm-
house. "Mndam" ho said to tho woman
who nnsworod his knock "can you ac-
commodato with a night's lodging a
balloonist who has comb to g-'iof!"
"I'd bo glad to" sho hositatod "but
you nro an entire strangor to "
"Not an ontiro one" ho interrupted
with somo acerbity. "For i have loft
my loft ear three teeth and aortaln
portions of my noso back there with
tho ruined car"
Born Not Worn.
Littlo Margaret's grandmother had
wrltton for n photpgraph of her name-
Bake tho "baby." For matorlal roa-
sons it was advisable that tho littlo
girl should nppear ns well dreasod ns
possible and a cousin's now open-work
dress was borrowed for tho occasion.
On bolng arrayed for tho picture Mar
garet riuhod to her father crying:
"Oh. fathor. Just look! Theso ain't
worn holes; thoy is boru holes." Hr.r-
Tho Appropriate Location.
Caustic Critic Why did you put
that Jokor at the vory ond ot tho num-
bers In your ontortalnmont program?
Menihor of Committee Wasn't that
all right?' I thought a wig ought
naturally to como at Uio tall cud.
Fault-finding women frequently step
on their ocvn corns.
FRUIT ALWAYS GOOD
MANY WAY8 OF 8ERVINQ THi
.Has Valuable Medicinal Qualities as
Well as Being Always Appetizing
Makes Excellent Catsup
If Properly Prepared.
Tho good old blackberry ha3 a
pedlgrco behind it and medicinal qual-
ities recognized nnd appreciated by
nnclents and moderns. Whllo most
fruits aro laxatives tho blacliberry
fruit leaves and roots alike is among
tho moso valued astringents. Black-
berry wine ranks high as a tonic con-
taining ns it docs a largo amount of
iron. Blackborry cordial is ono of tho
most approved remedies in caso of
dysentery; while Jama and preserves
furnish a throat remedy that requires
no urging upon tho patient. From tho
fresh young blackberry canes a thick
syrup is expressed vnluablo for
throat mouth and eyo troubles. Mado
into a vinegar tho blackberry fur-
nishes ono of tho most refreshing and
cooling of summor drinks.
Blackberry Vinegar. To mako the
vinegar mash tho berries to a pulp
In nn earthen or stonowaro vessel.
Add good cider vinegar to cover well
and stand in tho sun during tho day
and in tho collar over night stirring
occasionally. Tho next morning strain
and add the samo amount fresh ber-
ries. Crush nnd over tho whole pour
tho strained Juice and set in tho sun
ngaln through tho day and tho cellar
at night. The third day strain nnd to
each quart of tho Julco allow ono pint
of water and fivo pounds sugar. Heat
slowly to tho boiling point skim and
whon It boils strain and bottle seal-
Blackberry Catsup. Cover mashed
berries with boiling water simmer
15 minutes press again and strain.
Allow for each quart Julco a half tea-
spoonful each mace cinnamon pepper
and white' mustard. Cook down to
about a quarter of tho original Quan-
tity add vinegar (pure) to make
strength and consistency required
then bottle and seal while hot.
Blackberry Jam. Look over a gal-
lon of blackberries wa3h and drain.
Put In a preserving kettle pour in a
pint of water and cook until soft Btlr-
ring and mashing with a wooden
spoon to break up tho fruit Take
care that it does not scorch. Take
from tho fire and press through a wiro
slovo into a stone Jar. Do not use
tin. Stir this pulp thoroughly. Tako
a quart of the pulp and put in a ket-
tlo with a quart of sugar measured
light and previously heated in the
oven. Bring to a boll cook rapidly'
for 15 or 20 minutes until it Jellies
when dropped in a cold saucer. Pour
Into small Jars and when cold seal.
Repeat tho cooking with another
quart of tho pulp until all has been
used. The Jam is easier and better
prepared a quart at a time. It is a
good plan in hot weather to prepare
tho berries ono day set away In tho
collar and mako the Jam in tho cool
of the next morning.
Fruit may bo served on a large
round flat dish or in a fruit bowl or
fruit dish. It is very pretty to use
tho natural leaves if thoy can bo pro-
cured for garnishing tho dish. Tho
fruit should bo passed and each per-
son bo given a fruit plato and fruit
knlfo and finger bowl. Tho finger
bowl Is placed on the fruit plato and
should bo lifted and set to one's left
boforo helping ono's self to fruit. A
nlco way to eat an orange Is to cut it
In half and eat with a spoon. Plums
peaches and pears are eaten from tho
fingers; bananas aro oaten from tho
skin. Pincapplo is usually pared tho
eyes taken out tho flesh picked apart
with n silver fork placed in a fruit
dish and sugared and then served in
a dessert plate and eaten with a spoon
or a fork.
Plum Pudding Jelly.
Put one-half box golatin in a cup ol
cold water and soak one-half hour.
Heat ono pint milk in a doublo holler.
When hot dissolve one cup sugar in it
and 1V ounces melted chocolate. Put
ono heaping cup stoned raisins one
cup washed currants one-half cup
sliced citron ono spoon cassia one of
cloves Into a vory little warm water
on tho stovo and melt. Whon tho
milk and chocolate aro woll inlscd
pour thorn ovor tho golatin and strain
Into a bowl. As soon as It begins to
grow firm stir in tho fruit and put In
a mold turn out on a plattor and sur-
round with whipped cream.
Wash and carefully dry 100 tiny cu-
cumbers; placo In a Jar; put sufficient
water In norcolaln kcttlo to cover cu-
cumbers.' When boiling hot stir in
salt enough to make salty to taste.
Pour this over cucumbers; let it stand
24 hours; wlpo and put in Jar3. Put
enough vinegar In kettle to cover
them; add one onion sliced 12 whole
cloves. 1 ounces of mustard seed
and throo blades of mace. Lot come
to boiling point; pour over tho pickles;
add throo small poppers; placo a Table-
spoon of gratod horseradish and sliced
onion on. top.
Oner Way to Clean Silver.
Silver cpoons as well as other small
trlnkots may bo brightoned easily
without tho addition of silver powdo;
by placing them in an aluminum re-
ceptacle and pqurlng boiling wator
ovor them. Polishing should bo effect-
ed by means of a piece of clean cha-
mois leather but in adopting this
treatment it must bo remembered that
tho silver never should bi allowed t-
''.Tnck I am going away."
"Going away Madge?"
"Yes going avvay. But beforo I go
I havo somothlng to say to you."
"Something to say to me Mttlo
"Yea somothlng to say to you. Don't
Bend mo any pokor stories In lieu of
the weekly remittance. That'll bo
Negro's Valuable Head.
A Kentucky negro earns doublo
wages as a hodcarrlcr because he Is
ablo to do tho work of two men. Ho
carries from 10 to CO' bricks at a time.
Ho places tho bricks upon a board
which ho balances upon his head ns
ho climbs to tho tops of high build-
"I wonder why a dog chases his
tail?" " "
"A son3o of economy."
"Yes; can't you seo ho Is trying to
mako bpth ends meet?" '
Tho dark horses often run best in
elections because their stains aro not
seen so well.
p- ;w ; vB'M'ijaastsrasaBS'ayA'itaiai
Tho first requisite of a good
mother is good health nnd tho ex-
perience of maternity should not bo
approached without careful physical
preparation as n woman who is in
rrnoil nliVK'rnl nonfl'jf.Inn ImiiQTnitu tn
p her children tho blessings of U good
Preparation for healthy mater-
nity is accomplishes by Lydia E.
Pinlthnm's Vegetable Compound
which is mado from native roots and
herbs moro successfully than byany
other medicine because it rives tone
nnd strength to the entire feminine
organism curing displacements ul-
ceration and inllammatiou. ind tho
result is. less suffering and more
vuuu mircy years
Lydia E. Pinkham'sVegetable Compound
y Has ucea mo sxanciDy oi American mouicrs in preparing lor cniiuuirin.
Ra NotewhatMrs 7amesChcst"er.of437 W. 35th St.. New York says in this
letter: Dear Mrs. Piuklia-m:-"I wish every expectint mother knew about
Lydia E. Pinltham's Vegetable Compound. A neighbor who had learned
of its great value at this trying period of a woman's life urged me to try
It and I did so and. I cannot say enough in regard to tho good it did me.
I recovered quickly and am in tho best of health now."
Lydia E. Plnlcliam's Vegetable Compound is certainly a successful
remedy for the peculiar -weaknesses and ailments of women.
It has cured almost every form of Female Complaints Dragging Sensa-
tions Weak Rack Falling and Displacements Inflammation Ulcera-
tions nnd Organic Discnoes of Women and is invaluable in preparing for
Childbirth and during tho Change of Life.
A Mrs. Pinkham's Standing Invitation to Women
Women suffering from any form
n"w mio. i-illinium .lb iJvim iiiiibb. rer iiuviuu ia nuu.
Go Where Living is a Pleasure Labor is Light
and a Good Income Assured.
Guy a Truck Farm on tho Famous Simmons Ranch from 10 to 640 Acres and
Two Town Lots for S210.
Dr. .7. S. Christian tho well known Physician of' Lindale Texas in
"writing Mr. T. J. Burrow of Troupe Texa nivs:
Lindale Texas Fcby. 10 1007.
Mr. T. J. IJurrovv Troupe Texas.
Dear Sir: Yours of even date received nnd in reply will ray that I. have
just returned from a trip to San Antonio and the Dr. Simmons ranch where
1 tpent four days riding over tho property and I must eay that Dr. Sim-
mons in hi prospectus lias not miHreprcpcntcd or overdrawn anythipg. 1 not
only found everything aa good ns represented but really' the half lias not
The" railroad question is no longer nn uncertainty and the land is as
rich ns can lc found in the state. I liave investigated every phase of the
Simmons proposition and 1 am willing to bay that his proposition 19 per-
fectly fair honorable and legal and the property js now worth more tnan
the price asked for it. but iu not more than two years cannot bo bought for
four times the price he offers to take.
With regards I beg to remain
Youra very truly
' J. S. CHRISTIAN M. D.
Investigate this before it is too late. Land is selling fast and will soon
"nrjte today for literature fully discribing
- DR. OKAS.
215 Alamo Plaza
xii 'm !S-'fr!i ja ar" Vr-Si w
I ;i5K M gh? ihf ri
AND SYSTEMS MSQRBB1&BD
Catarrh is not merely an inflammation of the tissues of the head and
liroatas the symptoms cf ringing noises in the can? mucous dropping hack
-nto the throat continual hawki-- and spitting etc. would seem to indi-
cate; it is a blood disease ia which the entire circulation and the rreater
part of the system arc involved. Catarrh is due to the presence of an excess
of uric ncid in the blood. The Iivcr Kidneys nnd EoweJa frequently be-
come torpid and dull in their action and instoad cf carryin" off the refuse
and waste of the body leave it to sour and f :m uric acidi'i the system
This is taken up by the blood and through its circulation distributed to all
parts of the system. These impurities i:i the blood irritate and inflame
the different membranes nnd tissues of the body and the -contracting
of a cold will start the secre44ons and other disgusting and disagreeable
symptoms of Catarrh. As the blood coes to idl parts cf the body the ca-
tarrhal poison affects all parts of the system. The head has a tirht full
fce.inir nose continually stopped up pains above the eyes slirht fever
comes and -ocs the stomach is upset and the entire system disordered and
I had Oatarrh for about flfToon f.ffect J7 this disease. It is a waste of
j-oava tiatl no man could have time to try to cure Catarrh with snrav?
toon worso. I tried ovory1Mi ira-ilic? -1n1nfW 1 o 1 5Prays
I could hoa? of nut no jrood vo- Y s. i:'"alat'ns. etc. Such treatment
suited. I then bes'an a. B. H and does not reach the blood and can. therefore.
e sulci BOO n littlo lmnravomont A i.s .. ' .""' -s"i .'-"-4l'iy ""'
ivom tho first battle and after 7
taitimr it a short wUUa vaa otn-od. -he discoiniort of the trouble. To cure
ttlila waa six yaars aao tad I tun Catarrh mwiimnflil. .. ti 1 Ji
ti3 woll today is any man. itMnk Vr"1"-1 permanently the blood must be
sAn1- AKJlS-i "oi'S-'lypm-ified andthesystem cleansed
ctorior tho blood than a. B..B.
.Lapoer Mich. -&w-i. S
ft il t A . Q"liSi t'Ha1a. Tit j
ViS w -fc.v v
vi "I'V'VS a3By3 blood
Dlircr-V ucrrTAn. r and healthy. Then the inflamed 'raein-r-UitELY
VEGETABLE bn"'(;3 begin to heal the head is loosened
S fto'u iifetureTw r tott1of V""' oSSSS
THE SVOST SPECIFIC CO. ATIaStA GAm.
DOES YOUR BACK ACHE?
Profit by the Experience of One Wh
Has Found Rcltef.
James R- Kcelor retired farmer
of Fcnnor St. Cazenovla N. Y. saya:
"About fifteen years ago I suffered
with my hack and
kidneys. I doctored
and used many reme-
dies without getting
i&SSSsl. "i Doan's Kidney Pills.
v 1U11UI DChlUUlUh YVJLU
'vt4ilrrc''i m m
l lounu rcuei irom
the first box and two
boxes restored mo to
tx---.Hif good sound condi
tion. My wire and many of my friends
have used Doan's Kidney Pills with
good results and I can earnestly rec-
Sold by all dealers. GO cents a box.
Fostcr-Mllburn Co. Buffalo N. Y.
Tommy Pop a man's' wlfo Is his
better half isn't sho?
Tommy's Pop So we aro told my
"Then If a man marries twlco there
Isn't anything left of him is there?"
children healthy at birth.
of female weakness aro invited to
the ranch and pictures showing views oa sam.
C5AN AMTONIQ TEXAS.
8" P rftirVB-u
"'""Swore uian temporarily relieve
au P0!50''2 and at the uamc time
"edandbuiltup. Nothing equals
S. S. far this purpose. It attacks the
v -J !'-
.u nu jta j:au jroea uowu to the very
uottom of tlie trouble nirl i-ii-s o ..if
lasting cure. S. S. S. removes everv
Mfi Tartiel( nf ilm Mfni..i .- t ii.L
makin-r this vit.nl st .v f.eii
- "" "U9kiuu uuu ecus aa
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The Beaver Herald. (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 20, Ed. 1, Thursday, October 31, 1907, newspaper, October 31, 1907; Beaver, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc68661/m1/2/: accessed July 24, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.