Daily Ardmoreite. (Ardmore, Indian Terr.), Vol. 2, No. 157, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 29, 1895 Page: 4 of 4
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FROFiTABLE SEA FARMS ALONG THE
Iutemtiuc FcU Not C me ratty Knows
Conrarainf an Article of Vtillty AmIkU
ance Kndcred the Ind-u-try by the CrOT-
cruuwut'8 fish Commluion.
Evor since the sponge fisheries of the
Bahamas and the jrnlf coast of Florida
hhowod sign-; of liecomiug exliansttxl ef-
forts have l-een made to cultivate sponges
ou farms or artilicial beds aud mere re
cently science lias tried to imitate the
jrenuiue article by convertiujr the soft
liber of the cocoaimt leaves and shells
into pponjjos of commercial valne.
Sponge fiiriniug is now n Rucoessf-ol in-
dustry and hundreds of acn-sinthe pulf
of Mexico a Ions: the Florida coast aro
planted with "sponpe cnttiuss" nnd
Feeds. The work is not dissimilar in
many respects to oyster culture. The
yonng; sponges are planted in water
along the coast varying from ouo to five
fathoms in depth.
A few years ago the fish commis-
sioners had their attention called to the
s-po:ige fisheries off the Florida coast
imd after finding tlint the beds were be-
ing rapidly depleted of tlie best Btock
un examination of the fisheries was made
to ascertain r.omo way of preserving ;
them. The specimens of sponge taken to
Washington in the autumn of the year
were found to Iks reproductive if tli
proper conditions were supplied. Th
sponges in the autumn were found to do- .
velop masses of protopl-ism or sjx-res
which in tho spring of t ho year were lib-
erated. These spores out aiued tho small
reproductive particles from which the
simuges develo'l. Some of the sHnges
experimented with did not ret-r-Klnce
their kiml at all. and it was found that
in order to cultivate the sponges it was
necessary to plant siM!iges that pro-
duced certain cells that contained the
ova or egg and others that represented
A small sponge farm was established
at Washington and then others along
the Florida co;st us orperimenfs. These
proved Micce.-siul so that private indi-
viduals went i'lt j the brsiness. Tliere
aro many ticres of singe farms ne:ir
Key West and others at Anclote Fix '
and near Tampa. These farms were first '
sni)plied with their seeds from the fish
commissioners but now they are ob-
tained dii-ect from the sjxmge fisheries. I
In tlie aarniui of the year the various
kinds of sponges are pnrch;L-ed by the
sponge cultnrist who generally takes an
assortment that is sure to suiily him
with both the male and female cells.
The beds or farms are usually locat-
ed at some well protected place along
the coast and feju-ed in with natural for-
millions and artificial dams. The sponge ;
seeds are kept in small "pr-unds" I
through the winter where the masses of !
protoplasm develop and grow. Early in '
the spring these sjxiros are lilx-intcl in
the larger body of water where they
soon swim around. The eggs c mt im- to j
grow rapidly r.:id in a short time attach '
themselves to the rocks or c-.r.d forma- !
tiou at the bottom of the water. j
It is very difficult to get the right ;
location for an ideal sponge lied. An !
arm of the sea whert the salt water I
flows in freely that has a natural hard
bottom is the best. Rocks stones and
other substances can be droimed at the
bottom for the sponges to fasten them- !
selves ta The lagoon is then dammed
up so that when the wed is put in fresh
it cannot float out to sea again. Some
simply throw their sponges in such a
lagoon in the fall of tlie year and let the
protoplasm develop there. Under proper
cultivation tho sponges thus raised are
superior to those found in the sea. Only
tho best varieties are propagated. Tlie
"sheepswool" is the choicest with a tex-
ture fine soft and strong. These sponges
sell for from $1.50 to ;i a pound. Tho
"yellow" sponge is next in quabty aud
its price is much less than the "sheeps-
wooL" Tho "grass" sponge raised is
very limited for its value is too small
to pay one for the trouble.
After the sponge farm is once started
there is little more to do with it except
at harvesting time. The sponges grow
slowly and usually threo years elapse be-
fore any are pulled up. Then only the
choicest full grown ones aro gathered.
The others are left to produce new seeds
and to reach a larger size. The picking
of sponges in a f:irm of this nature is
much simpler than to raise them from
the deep waters of the gulf. Armed with
a long leaded pole a boatman can easily
haul up the sponges that he needs and !
in the course of a day he conld gather
three times the quantity pulled up by !
the regular sponge fishermen off tlie i
coast Tlie water is comparatively shal- !
low over the artificial beds and not dis-
turbed by tides floating debris or winds ;
It is also very clear and pellucid so that :
one can see the bottom for a long dis- !
iniice uown. vjccasiouaiiy one Unas r.
sponge farm where de p sea sponges aro
cultivated and it is necessary then to
have a diver to gather them. Hereagait
the work is made easier. The diver runs
no risk from sharks tides or other in
conveniences that daily beset those off ;
the coast. j
The value of the spongo farm increases
every year despite tho annual harvest j
that is taken therefrom. The new i
sponges aro spreading until every square '
inch of the bottom and sides of the pond !
are covered with young and old sponges.
If no disea&os or enemies get into the j
bed the sponges will then yield enor- i
moos crops year after year. The annual i
income from a good sued bed ranges
from $1000 to $10000 according to its
and age. Philadelphia
An English VUw of IU
Mrs. Smith I think it dreadful that
your divorce laws in America hhould
be bo much more lenient than thev are
Mr. Van Rensselaer Well you seo
my dear madam in England divorce is
a luxury while with us it is er a
necessity. Ixrodou Punch.
TEETH OF 'LOYALTY.
THEY AE BAD A"0 THCRECY H NG
SOME INTERESTING TALES.
Anirrican Imtitry II-i-l With Diplo-
macy and Ir ' ;i;e-T-- lart Pl-rrI by
Dr. Emt-Uuw Lru Crnu.tr (lot Hold
of tlie Ktiedive' SkM-reti.
' Eunpau royalty is rrtrsoil with cxe-
! arable tiec-Ui.kU. result of con. ang.-.uieous
j marriages Vlrfijf-.j hout count l. goitera- j
j tions and evV-ti il-.e princes i f the reign- j
I ing house of o'MHleu whoare i'f plelx-i.iu
! origin the grandfather of the pres-.-ut j
i king having Ik-ou born as a jx-asaut at ;
Pau on the leuch slope of the I'yri'iK-es ;
i-ntTer from L:urel teeth i:et.-es.-it.it ing !
' much science and : '-.ill in treatment. It
' is only fi'.ti:ral therefore that tltey should '
: have freijueiit n-o-ir.-o to de:ili!s and
1 inasmuch :ui dejitul furgeiy liiis attained j
; a greater degree of science and pro-
; ficieticyin tho I' int.l fc-tatesthan iu Kit- !
royc it is AiiiitK-..u iK tor. as n rule '
who havo Iki n m'.. usttd "i"ita the wel-
fare of royalty's jaws. ;
Perhaps t'ie Lot known aud most fa-
mous of all these American court deu- : '
tists in Lr.rope has Iki-u Dr. Thomas
Kva;i3 in Paris who hits hail the h'-n- r .
of iutroduciii!; his forceps into ahuoct '
every royal i.; utth iu ChristeinU.iiL
Lut perhapi the crowncil heads with
whom he whs most intimate during liis
professional career were Nap-jlmn III
ami Empress Eugenie. Many a tiim lie
was consulted by Kith on matters of im-
portance wh'ch certainly had nothing to
do with teeth while the eii' ' r r world
frequently avail him; elf of tho doctor's
professional trips to f.ircig:ico;;i ts to ia-
trnt him with some o:nmuuii-at ion
whi'h cor Id not well le i-onveiiil
through d plomatic channels. And. as
evi--.y':(s.- knows when th" rmpiii was
over:!irown after tho battle of Solan it
w;is Dr. Th-in :s Evans who t;t? of
all coneea'ed t he f tigitit o n pn -.-.s in his
Parisian m;;: a"d a'.'terw.ird o-
veyed her ;it . r !.! risk fr. ! i the Jne-
tf.'O . i'.is to the ..aside Whereo ';....'
cap-d to K: inland on the vacht of S r
There was ati American .'.eiiti-t who
was linplicatid i:i the soiuev.li:.t so:i-a-t
i ti:il incidents tl.tit I 'd t t lie sudden
removal of tho seiuiileir.ented (jr.een i.f 1
Ronmania from Venice a lew years ao. 1
Alter t'io Uoum nii.iii juvcrnmciit liad ;
c-iacUil from the ki:i under threat of
dopi ;v:n him of his throne a promise to '
put i"i r.-d I i the en- ei1( of whieh 1
the ;-;i -: h.-.d :irr.'.n;el lntw.vti h r
nephew frown Pri'ice Ferdinand and '
her ambitious favorite and maid of hoii- r
or Helen Vao:irescu her majesty ii.m '
witlxlrawn. a prey t the m. t violent
excitement t Venice w!i.: le r m i- '
dacf iHx-ame s-iextravaant :ia t :itv;et
much nttenti n and t nnvwlT-.r. tho
journey -t haste
r! -s all
the wav from Bul;:cst to tin
His lr-t step on arriving w.is to dii-
miss her ent're rtitonra.! the twmst
prominent me?n'r.? of v hieh. i:'--.r t j
the i-'V.d or honor Yvere In r A..:.;ti.":i
aid l:"r A:i:"ri-
:sf l-oth. of v. h ui v civ credit -exercisin'
iuiluc:.. of a hT-
uotic nature npju tho II:
i crazy onecn.
Shu was suK-miuently iv.moVv i to ier-
mauy and kejit for threo ye-N -under
close restraint in cue of the Rhine c.is-
tles of her brother the Prince of Wied.
It was another American dentist too
who ulmot-t led to tho deposition of the
lato kin;-; of V"nrttember; over whom ho
hail acquired sofjreat n itr. rdf ihtsu;i-
8ion that tlie kincut hirj.!! adrift
from almost all the tkisooiatluiis of li s
younger days holding aloof from re
tives and m bles. Tho kii: v.:-s Ihiliy
ComiH-lleil to chonso lietwc-oa di s:nls.-.:.;
his American favori'.e it r.Ld cai...i;.
Naturally ho aicepted th former but
he gilded up the pill for his friend by
overw he lining him with honors und
Finally there was the American den-
tist of tho late Khedive Tewiik ut Cairo
who perhaps inadvertently became the
means of eommunieatini: many a useful
piece of information to the English gov-
ernment. The khedivo had tho habit of
leaving all confidential documents in hm !
pockets where they would be found by j
his European servant at uichttimo. This i
man was afHictel not only with bad
toeth but aho with a Iikiso tonyuo and
on his visits to tho dentist would com-
municate to him bits of information ac-
quired through perusal of theso paper.
Although Lord Cromer the Knglish
envoy had magnificent teeth yet they
seemed to be in almost daily neiil of
treatment and aa he is a man of remark-
able astuteness he had little difficulty in
worming out of the dentist the Mxtrrtu
imparted by the khedive'u valet. Chi-
Reuimrlcabla Rhj-mlnK Rpit-iphm
The village of Pownal Vt. nurely
once had a poet who had misM-d hm
calling and liecome a marble cutter. IWi-
low uro some specimen of his famous
"rhyming epitaphs" samples of which
are istill to be seen in tho little cemetery
adjoining the town mentioned:
Here lies lb Bllort rlar
Uim Ani!ll Youni.
Who on tlie tw--iity-t)r-.t tit ilnj
Beg-ui U he! A hrr tonpu.-.
Ht-r ll.- the wife of Simon Stoke--.
Who livad nd died liko otlu r folk.
Here I Ho. and no wond.-r I'm dxad.
For wa-onirhu'l pa-K-d ovt-r my head.
Hrre Mi John Hill a man of kilL
Hi a-;o was flra turn U n.
He nirTi r did giw.l. ..r never wonM
Had ha lived as long ap-tin.
St Lonis Republic.
Red Wlna Vine-tar.
Red wine vinegar is made just like
rider vinegar a shade greater care 1-e-ing
taken jierhaps to ke p it clean and
pure. The wine used comes largely from
Calif oruia and Ohio which -of late yean
has been making a good deal of it. " The
factory oiti easily turn out 60 bam-la a
day and where oua considers that a tea-
6pooufnl at a meal is a very largo aver-
age for tha ordinary adnlt it will be
?en how far such a quantity will ga
.i a n e
- j: ? m p- -
1 1 -r-it 2 a
f tr - .
I'ti-.-: i:if 'f.t:-i-!i r r't. '!er s.ri-. I. .-'-r-
.1 e I !-.! r: t : n. an-l f.l'i
t. in. Sun':v -'eh.M.t -it n. m. ;r.iv'-r
rrn'i'iiny cvt-rv W.-inf..l:tv s t.
!i :e-r :-.. .-r I ri.::iv i-vrnuu s I'
" :! e li:r-h it'll".!:'. M . t nn- s
el.. r: eir i-i:- curv Tile"!rtv r-:-t te.ef
HMK.tini ! e:ir-!i l...r; ' iv. I.ie.'l-
I'C t.- l t. I 1 . i
i ..r::S!' 'in ?.. .! .--.-.
M. ! U'l e . S i;.'! iiin '. . h.- !.
' John I j-'
Klt Hn;.list !i
Ser lee . t-rv Sim
l. In. lr r re.'e'o
at s ! !! k. sun.
I'lioir it i r..1-
:'rh- '!-. .:
v :U 1 1 li . in.
M- V..e...i .. .
M. v. ' '-
( hur : ; -i
t:iv s. ! I
v. .rr ti l.e en
H UsT rilK-
.. m.. :i'i
:: i . ii. . I .
I - V I I N
-i ?e. tip-..
-'Is ! in. e
I: - -a-ii.-r
! :' I e ti.: :n.
r M I--
i:i v. i .
. Vel.tsi y. Jn
-:. n ' to... i--
ITe-t. . O-
1 .i";l Lin
-i iv !i :i.
I n c y 'Illr--l
--. !.... -..r.li
ir ix. -S.il
7 .: . in.
r T ti 1
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.' T- . VT-
. i;:i in
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e. . ..!
ale! f i'rv '
alit! v. it i
- re e ...
e! "! .
-.iim.! i .-
hl.ll II -.
.Oil .;:-.-: r.-i
AM rnrl tcna for
Low r.i"d '.'iii r;cs wiil be made
v .th '.i'.erai l'm::-i and superior .ic-
co):iiiiod::tiotts fii persons ut tt-nding.
InTeriiation.il I'onver.tion I'pwortli
League Chattanooga T nn. June
International Convention of the
United Society of Christian Kndeav-
or Boston Mni. July in.
Tri-ennial Conclave of Knight
Templars Hoston Mnsi. Ausut (.
Cotton State and I nil rnatioual
Exposition Atlanta ia. September
IS to 21.
Haptist Y'liirj INoplc's I'nion
Baltimore ML Jttly Is'.
These r:t-s ttre otieri to the gener-
al public besides I he ;:siial summer
touristl' ratis to tin health and
pleasure resorts of the north and
Call on or write to the neare-: Cot-
ton Pelt ticket ::c;ent for dates of
sale rales and limits.
S. 1. V.K.vr-tt
:. I. A. Tvh-r Hex.
A. T. ;i.i--i.
A. P. A. Fort Worth Tex.
V. P. S. C. K. state convention."
? ort vVortn Texai June 11th to lllth
state meetin!; t nristian
and S. S. i-nnventk n. (lainesville
j Texas June 1 Sth to lsth.
j For the above occasions the S. C.
I ii H. F. railway will make extreme-
j ly low nund trip rates open for all
who wish to go. Th fare from Ard-
more to Fort Worth is J.l.lo and'
Ardniore to Cain. sville Sl.tuj round
trip. Please call upon or address
the undersigned for fall part i'-nlar
at4 to dates and limits.
I. It. Mason Agent.
jT!IK IMJKATKST K'AII.-
KOAIi ON EAia il
! SATA FE ROUTE!
i T.'.-H-hers and others going to the
i Nationa! l!!ucatic:i-l Association
meeting al Denver in Julv should
; remember that the SAN f A FE of-
fers -is low rates rnyboily else
with better ser.ie.
.'-pecia! inducements to small or
Tii kcti on sale July 3 4 .. and 6
limited to rt 'urn July 11 n 11 or
1 except that t-nch."rs aud others
wishing to lemain longer in Colo-
rado can obtain extension of limit
by dcposit'ng tickets with the
Joint Agent at either lenver Col-
orado sprint's Msnitou or Pueblo
prior to July 16. Tickets thus de-
posited will be available for return
passage any lime prior to nnd in-
cluding XepUm'MT 1st IS?..
Privilegu of attending Summer
School Colorado Mprings on re-
Low-rate excursion into the
mountains after meeting is over.
For descriptive pamphlets ad-
dress W. S. Keknan ti. P. A.
aioST Picturesque line
s 2 W
Ride On Vh.
SAfiTA FE ROUTE.
PullmiK Ballet Sleepers
Free Recliriing Cl.alr Cars.
THE QUICKEST TIME
- iii i w. :in-
f.OPJH AND SOUTH TEXAS
SCLl v4 VCSTIDULED t TRAIN
GALVESTON ana SV. LOUIS.
Tl.ii- TAB Lb".
tiuif C"i'! ! i.'.l I r KjI!4).
!. ""i'i i-i.-.h- i. i-r t ". ii .
'l'-i r i - - ; in - .:-. ... -r. ?i . .
: mi i .1 m n s i.
i.nlo-liiri a-c! 1 Iilea-.-- K. it- - - .n-
I"..- le: r ui- n. - ;. -. 1 t. 1. f r- - J I ' . n
I I!. .VA--.S. T.. Ai.
W. S. KPI:NA. I.-:i. A-1.
ArrU al an-l I'cp.jrt urc I . S.
South bi-und mail !...c-i l:::o p. m.
Sot: i h iiii i i mr il -lrrii i-s Z " p.M.
North I mum I mail chs 1 ::.o j.. in.
'North bound mad arrin ::ai p.m.
Niht tnaiN are clos d at :." p. m.
Muticy or.i.-r il.-partinent i i;n
at s a. in. ::!il c' .n il :.i .". m.
(Wici1 li" ir- frot'i s n. ni.. to ti p.m.
Sundays f: on a. :r... I I ::. m.
John S. Ha'i m k k I'. M.
IIIm; : s . v !v. !. put;. .
AhlllfiUni: - HtAL
Makes the trip fnun Ardnmr. !
Mealdton by tin way .if l.oi:c .n.-
and Uewit daily. t'un;i.-ti-'l ir.ade
at llea! lt -n for Itunc.m.
Leaves Ardmurt daily at l a. in.
and rcturi.intf nrriven here ut S p. in.
W. t'. 1'l MMIMiS Prop.
Csmfcrt z:i Spesi Ccr.tir.sd
VHEH .". TRAVELING
V! K 7IIK-
North A? East
12 HOURS SAVED 12
BY TAKINfl TI1K
Oil LUU10 LllllilCU IIUIH
:IHKT LINK TO
All Points in the Southeast
Memphis. Shretspsrl cr Kef Orleans.
ROI TE TO-
n i i i i
Doai.ic Diiiy Trtas Fciiau Sleeping CiT.
Y o;..'."7. XrT'yc:
k lit or W. . li.airi i.
TrT. A 1.
' 'V. " -."" 'j- I
u:X7rJVtr. ur;:S.!name and address for
. . . ir.itcs
-nv hi ! .:! I i:- ;:t I Inon
! ir.irrit. I'ii ? in run p.it
;A!M ll.l.l'. TIA'As
i wo Desirable
FOR "UITHER INFORMATION
UNQUIRE AT THE ARDMGRE-
J ; c v ' . r. l . .
I ' i r as i(
YV E ARE READY
Wo mean thy ARDMOREITE Job Of-
4cc. the best equipjicd printing estab-
lishment in the Indian Territory. Every
thir.r; h orn Shoctinr: Sticks to Presses
Bran Spanking New and of the very
finest. None but high grade skilled
workmen employed. All orders filled
with promptness and in first-class
THE DAILY ANB WEEKLY ARDMOREITE
Reach the people therefore they are the
proper medium for Advertisers.
Rememb&r tho Ardmoreilo anil Our
SOUTH COURT STREET.
Next to Bivens & Williams.
If U Vant
Buy 1 of
W'.-ll :.il. in-;. . tin n.in;r. initt.-nnjr i.ia.lr to .rl. r lv
127 k;rtii tiiU Street. GOLLEDGE Ti! Tisser.
The Weekly Ardmoreite for $1 per year.
i It is the best weekly paper in the Territory and
always has the most
BEST OF FARE.
AKI.Mo!;i:. IMi. TKI;
Ariit:nn at.-1 T mii ti. .i.- j
? ;! : - t! .- ... . ;
.HHIX LAW l.-KXi K. I
Health . .
Iron Cisterns. . . .
.Tbejr Art. ikv lt w4 rkj-'o.
news. Send in your
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Wilson, F. E. Daily Ardmoreite. (Ardmore, Indian Terr.), Vol. 2, No. 157, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 29, 1895, newspaper, May 29, 1895; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc615040/m1/4/: accessed January 19, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.