The Manchester Journal. (Manchester, Okla.), Vol. 23, No. 18, Ed. 1 Friday, October 1, 1915 Page: 4 of 4
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DEADLY OF GUNS;
;■■? LITTLE KNOWN
Machine Gun and Automatic
„ Pistol the Work of a
FOND OF BANJO AND FISHING
John M. Browning of Ogden, Utah,
Honored by King Albert of Bel-
gium, Who Gave Kalaer Mil-
lionth Weapon, Made In
Ogden, Utah.—That the Inventor of
come of the most deadly weapons be-
ing used in the war in Europe should
be an American is but a natural ex-
pectation from the inborn inventive-
ness of the people of this country, but
that he should be a man of peace, a
member in good standing of the Mor-
mon church and practically unknown
to the world at large will come as a
eurprlse to many.
This notable Inventor is John M.
Drowning of Ogden, Utah. Through-
out his own state he is hailed as "the
firearm wizard,” but the great major-
ity of newspaper readers probably
have never heard of him.
Browning is the first man who ever
harnessed the "kick” of a gun, and his
invention revolutionized practically
every form of firearm. Many thous-
ands of hlB machine guns and more
than a million of his automatic pistols
are in use on the battlefields of
Europe today. They are to be found
wherever there 1b an armed force
throughout the civilized w'orld.
Plays Simple Melodies.
Yet John M. Browning's chief de-
light In life lies in playing simple
tunes on his banjo in his home, and
when he takes a vacation it is usually
In the form of a quiet fishing expedi-
tion with some of his sons and friends.
Ills name has rarely been mentioned,
though that of the weapons he in-
vented is a household word.
All the same, this simple, unassum-
ing inventor has associated with roy-
alty, and a memento of his work is
one of the most curious possessions of
no less a personage than the kaiser,
a little pistol on which William II
must look with strangely mixed feel-
ings these days. It is a gift to him
from Albert, King of the Belgians.
Every part of the Colt machine
gun, the deadly work of which was
first seen in the Philippines, was in-
vented by John M. Brow-nlng. From
John M. Browning.
his patents also are made every part
of the still more widely known and
almost equally deadly Colt automatic
pistol. Browning first invented a re-
peating rifle, and since then has taken
out more than a hundred patents on
His millionth vest pocket automatic
pistol was made by the Fabrique Na-
tlonale at Liege, Belgium. To cele-
brate the occasion a banquet was
given in Liege in honor of the in-
ventor, and King Albert bestowed up-
on Browning the Belgian Order of
Leopold. A replica of the millionth
pistol, built of gold, was presented by
King Albert to the German Emperor
and accepted by William as a pretty
memento of a noteworthy achieve-
ment. This happened last year just
before the war broke out.
Father Was Gunsmith.
Little known as he is, Browning
has been a gun inventor all his life,
a born one. His father was Jonathan
Browning, a native of Tennessee, who
moved to Iowa in the early thirties
and conducted a gun store and tink-
er's shop near Kanesville on Mosquito
creek. In 1852 Jonathan Browning
crossed the great plains with an ox
team, a three months’ journey, and
settled in Ogden.
In his father s shop in Ogden John ;
M Browning made his first gun at
the age of thirteen from iron taken
from his father's scrap heap. In 1879,
when twenty-five, Browning obtained
his first patent. It was for a breech-
loading rifle. In 1884 he perfected his
famous repeating rifle, and in 1895
the box magazine which was used by I
the United States army in the war
His name was unheralded in con-
nection with all these inventions, be-
cause in every case Browning sold
his patents. It was the name of the
maker, not that of the inventor which
How He Used “Kick.”
Browning's friends tell an interest-
ing story in connection with the dis-
covery. The Inventor, they say, en-
tered his shop one morning carry-
ing a rifle and a block of wood
through which he had bored a hole
the size of a .45 bullet. Fastening
the block to the floor, he set up the
rifle so that the muzzle Just touched
the hole In the wood.
He explained that if the idea he had
was correct, the gases, on the rifle
being fired, would be stopped by the
block of wood and would hurl the
weapon backward. The rifle was fired
and, as expected, it was flung back-
ward against the wall of the shop.
Browning's principle was established.
Very quickly the inventor had this
‘‘kick” harnessed in such a way that
the gas pressure was transferred to
the breech mechanism and made to
operate all the movements of the gun.
It did so with such speed, after the
first pulling of the trigger, that no
fewer than 600 bullets could be fired
in a minute.
When applied in the automatic pis-
tol it was found that eight shells could
be discharged in the brief space of
one and three-fifths seconds. The re-
sult wras that these weapons were
quickly adopted by half a dozen gov-
ernments for use in their armies and
Germans Use His Patents.
Since their capture of the city of
Liege the Germans, it is understood,
have been turning out wreapons on the
Browning patents by the thousands at
the works of the Belgian Fabrique
National. Whether they have kept ac-
curate count of w'hat they owe him
in the way of royalties, Browning does
not know and will not hazard an
Browning can never be induced to
say anything definite as to the sum he
receives in royalties. To form an
estimate his friends find as difficult
as to gain an admission from the in-
ventor himself. Some of his hundred
or more successful patents he has
sold outright. From-those which he
has placed on royalties his income
has been estimated at from $100,000
all the way up to $1,000,000 a year.
On one occasion the experts of a
well-known arms firm labored for
more than a year, it is said, in ef-
forts to copy in smaller caliber, a
Browning gun the concern had pur-
chased from the inventor. Eventually
the president of the fcompany sent for
Browning and offered him $10,000 to
accomplish the task. Browning, his
friends say, did it while on the train
on his way home from New York.
Mr. Browning is sixty years old and
has eight children, whose ages range
from twelve to thirty-four. Some of
the sons are following their father's
footsteps. Others are devoting them-
selves to music and literature. The
inventor is 6 feet 3 inches tall and
straight as a young Indian. When
not fishing he is fond of a hunting
expedition, and with his brother and
co-worker, Matthew S. Browning, has
won many trophies as a trap shooter.
In his home at Ogden his principle
diversion is his banjo. Mr. Browning
says he thinks he plays “tol'robly well
for an old ’un.” His favorite melo-
dies are "The Blue Bells of Scotland"
and “The Beautiful Blue Danube ”
FINDS HER SON AFTER YEARS
Woman Advertises Him as the ‘‘Heir
to Big Estate” and Gets
Kansas City. Mo.—Frequent dreams
that her boy, who was taken from her
while she was ill in the general hos-
pital in 1900, was not dead, caused
Mrs. A. E. Evans of this city to con-
tinue a search for him during the last
Advertising brought no results un-
til recently, when she stated in an
advertisement that a big estate was
coming to the son, Harry Gordon,
from her father.
Then a woman came to see Mrs
Evans and told her that while she
was an attendant at an orphan bo^s’
home in 1908, Harry Gordon was s-nt
to live with Thomas R. Cain, a farm-
er near Jacksonville, 111. A letter to
the chief of police there brought a
communication from Cain that Harry
always had believed his mother to he
Then Mrs. Evans announced that
the supposed estate was a myth.
"I advertised that there was an
estate merely to see if I could not
get results—and I did,” she said. "I
simply want to see Harry."
BASEBALL FAN IS BLIND
Decatur Man Claims Distinction of
Being Most Confirmed Fanatic
Decatur, 111.—John Moore of this
city has entered the competition for
the distinction of being the most con-
firmed baseball fan of the country.
Moore is blind, but is not depending
upon that infirmity to bring him any
advantage over his rivals.
The prize to go with the distinc-
tion is a ticket admitting the holder
to any ball game between profession-
al teams in this country or Canada.
Moore has a strong claim to the ti-
tle, and is prepared to submit evi-
dence, as conclusive as practicable,
that he h&8 not missed a game at De-
catur, which is a member of the
Three-1 league, In eight years.
By I3ADORE BENSHINGHAM.
“Now you’ve done It, Abner!" ex-
claimed Mrs. Post.
“Done what?” demanded her hus-
band crossly, giving the hammer In
his hand a last vicious bang across a
“Killed a purple moth—see, with the
head of the hammer, and it’s a bad
“Sign, nothing!" growled Abner, but
wrathfully. "The only sigh I’m Inter-
ested In at the present time Is the
sign I'm nailing up right here and
now, and it says ‘No Trespassing,'
and the first one who questions it
gets a dose of salt and pepper.”
“You think you're quite right, Ab-
ner?” insinuated Mrs. Post gently.
“I know I’m right!" stormed back
her better half. "See here, Marla, no
milk-and-water sentiment! This creek
was on my land when I bought it,
“Yes, Abner, but it’s crooked and
cut In on the other side so that neigh-
bor Dodd has near a third of It.”
“Let him keop it; let him keep it!
that's all right!” shouted Abner, 'i’ve
no objection, but when he sets his
visitors to fishing all over it, and his
cows wading in to muddy It, and in-
trudes on my land, let him look oat.
I’m going to stake it off and set up a
barb-wire fence. Then let him and
his crowd enjoy the two or three feet
of shallow water to their hearts’ con-
“I think you're wrong, Abner,” pro-
tested Mrs. Post seriously. “It didn't
used to be this way, but all neighbor-
ly and pleasant. I do hope because
Mr. Dodd crowed over you a bit when
you insisted about there being no
likelihood of a war, and it came, that
you Von't harbor up a wicked griev-
“Never mind about that,’’ snapped
her husband. ‘‘Dodd can't lord it over
me. The sign goes up, and the fence
“And what about the young peo-
ple?" voiced Mrs. Post, gravely. “Bob
Grabbed Up His Gun and Made Back
for the Brook.
Dodd and our Nell are all but en-
gaged. Going to disturb their hap-
“Yes, I am!” fairly roared Post. “If
I so much as hear of my daughter en-
couraging the son of an enemy, I'll
lock her up in a nunnery!”
Mrs. Post sighed and turned away.
When she got home she had a good
crying spell. She knew her husband
was In the wrong, and lamented the
fact and feared for the outcome. A
neighborly row, she realized, was a
thing to be dreaded where a man of
the set Ideas of her arbitrary husband
Mrs. Post was superstitious. She
had Imbibed all current old-country
lore regarding signs and tokens from
her father and mother, and always
had a trite and hackneyed saying of
a past generation to fit the case of
the moment. To kill a purple moth
was worse in her estimation than
walking under a ladder, or seeing a
white horse driven by a girl with au-
burn hair on a Friday.
Her husband was too wrathy to
pay more than passing attention to
the killing of an Insect.
“Accidental, anyhow," he quieted a
certain respect for the predictions of
his wife by muttering. "There's no
use! Dodd has been setting down on
me hard since he got comfortably
fixed in a money way, and I’m not go-
ing to stand his high and mighty
pride! There’s the warning. 1 pity
those who don’t heed it!"
But Post's work was worse than his
bite. His spell of jealousy and re-
sentment might have passed by, only
the very next day in the choice of se-
lectmen for the township his neigh-
bor, Dodd, was chosen and he wsb re-
tired. It was clearly explained to
him that this was done to give the
north district of the township a fair
representation, but Post would not
have it that way.
“Underhand work—mean, sneaking
tactics somewhere!” he insisted on
Therewith he no longer spoke to
Dodd when he met him, and forbade
Nell to keep company with “that
young sprig of smartness, Bob Dodd.”
Once started on a career bolstered
I up by unworthy prejudice and hatred,
the evil elements In the character of
the old man began to hold high sway.
Dodd always bowed to him when they
met, although all he received in re-
turn was a cold stare of Indifference
One day Post ran to the house in a
great fuss and worry, grabbed up his
gun and made back for the brook. He
had discovered a small boat and
someone in it, fishing well over on his
side of the s'tream. But when he re-
turned he was ashamed of himself.
The intruder turned out to be a girl
visitor at the Dodd home.
He was uneasy and unhappy, al-
though he tried to appear outwardly
firm and satisfied, the day a big load
of barbed wire and posts arrived.
The brook lined the two farms for
about a hundred rods. That entire
distance Post drove the posts and
strung the barbed wire.
"Hope Dodd enjoys his three feet
of water front!” he chuckled, coming
in to supper. “Where's Nell?” ho
asked of Ills wife, tracing some deep
worry in her patient, worn face.
‘T’ve got bad news for you, Abner,”
replied Mrs. Post gravely.
“So? Well, out with it, and be done
with it. What is It?”
"Nell is going to leave home.”
“H'm!” muttered Post, glaring un-
comfortably, but trying to keep up a
grim, fierce bearing.
"Yes; she Is visiting my brother at
Acton for a day or two, and he is
going to get her a position there.
Nell loves us, Abner,” added Mrs. Post,
trying hard to keep back the tears,
“and she won’t disobey you, but she
says it will simply break her heart to
remalfl so near the man she loves,
and meet him daily, and pass him by
as If he were a stranger.”
A week went by. In two more days
Nell was to leave the home roof. Post
did not unbend. He cam© In one
evening looking worn and troubled.
The family was absent at the brother
of his wife. A heavy rain had set in.
T^ey would not be home that night
Post, lonely and full of darker
thoughts than ever, recklessly ex-
tended the small glass of cordial he
sometimes took to half a dozen. Soggy
and dozing, he went to sleep on the
sofa, forgetting even to drive In the
cattle from a lowland pit where they
browsed all night when the weather
It was well on towards morning
when a thundering knock at the door
aroused Post. He went there, blink-
ing and grumbling, to face his neigh-
"Out with you, quick, Post, and help
us!” shouted the excited Dodd. "There
has been a perfect deluge, and if we
hadn’t got in time to your cattle
they’d have been all drowned. We
have got to look to things, for the
stream is twenty feet over the banks."
Post forgot his enmity in the ardu-
ous exertions of the next few hours.
His neighbor certainly saved his cat-
tle. All hands sought rest as the wa-
ter suddenly subsided, and then, about
noon, to the amazement of all the
brook ran dry.
It w’as some hours before this mys-
tery was explained. The force of a
terrific deluge had broken out a rocky
ledge and diverted the water. There
would never he a dividing brook on
the two farms again.
And with "the water that had passed
away" went all the enmity of Abner
Post for the neighbor he had mis-
judged, and Nell did not go away to
work, and the barbed-wire fence was
rooted up and cast to the void
(Copyright, 191E, by W. G. Chapman.)
HEART OF ANCIENT EMPIRE
Fertile Highland Valleys That Lie Be-
tween Two Towering Mountain
Peculiar Case of Oklahoma Boy
Again Draws Attention.
Is Rapidly Regaining His Normal
Health and the “Ossified” Condi-
tion of His Body Is Dis-
Enid, Okla.—Merle Rea, the thir-
teen-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. E.
A. Rea of near Enid, Okla., who at-
tracted nation-wide attention a few
months ago as the "ossified" boy, Is
rapidly regaining his normal health
and the "ossified" condition of hla
body Is disappearing. This boy was
afflicted in a way that was a puzzle to
dll the physicians who examined him,
and there was never a man for a long
time who would even attempt a diag-
nosis of the disease. The boy was al-
most a "human rock.”
Some time before the disease made
its appearance he received a fall from
a second-story building, striking on
his back and shoulders. He appar-
ently was not seriously injured at the
time, but some time later his mother,
in washing him, noticed that there was
a hard place on the back of his neck.
Soon this became very noticeable and
began to spread. The boy’s body was
literally petrifying. His skin became
so hard from the top of his head to
the soles of his feet that he was not
able to move around at all. Then the
disease began to spread to his internal
organs and the flesh of his body. His.
tongue became hardened so that he
couldn’t move it at all.
About that tlmo physicians all over
the western part of the United States
became interested in the case and a
number of clinics were held and the-
lad examined in every way. However,
according to them, there was never a
parallel case before In the history of
Finally a treatment was taken up
on the supposition that the lad had
been injured in the fall and that there
was a spinal cord pressure that was
in some way tying up the muscular
action to an extent that the part of
the body affected was simply dying.
Apparently the guess was correct,
for the body responded to the treat-
ment, and the lad now is almost well.
His disease in the first place and
then the apparent cure, form one of
the most amazing cases science has a
MADE IN SPARE MOMENTS
Belgian, Living In Michigan, Bulld9
Casket for Hknself With
Menominee, Mich.—Victor Dessart,
who owns a farm three miles east of
Nadeau, believes in preparing for the
future. You never can tell what will
happen, in his opinion.
He has prepared for the worst that
may come. Although he is only sixty-
five years old and in good health, he
has built himself a coffin, all ready
“I thought I would build a coffin
while I had the lumber around the
place,” he said. "Some of the white
pine I put into It has been seasoning
for twenty years and ought to be In
good shape for the use 1 am putting
Dessart is a Belgian who came to
this country when four years old. He
first moved to Wisconsin, but thirty
yearB ago he went to Nadeau, settling
on his farm, which has since become
prosperous. Dessart has raised a fam-
ily of twelve children.
To the east tower the White Cordil-
lera, beyond which molder the mias-
matic jungles of the Montana; to the
west rise the snowy altitudes we have
Just traversed, writes Ernest Peixotto,
in describing “The Land of the Incas,"
in Scribner’s. Between these two
ranges lie a succession of highland
valleys some 10,000 to 13,000 feet
above the sea, each separated from
the other by nudos, or knots, of lesser
traverse chains of mountains.
These valleys in our latitudes would
be covered with eternal snow. Here
under the tropics they blossom with
all the products of the temperate zone,
enjoying a cool, invigorating climate
and supporting a large population of
They constituted the heart of the an-
cient empire of the Incas, that amaz-
ing despotism that stunned the Span-
ish conquerors with the wisdom of its
institutions, the splendor and the size
of its buildings, the rich produce of its
fields, and, above all, with the wealth
of its mines of gold and silver and its
amassed riches of centuries. When the
Spaniard came, Huayna Capac had al-
ready extended his dominions as far
north as Quito and as far south as the
land of the Araucanian Indians of
Chile. Even most of the savage tribes
of the Montana owed him allegiance,
and only the Pacific bounded his ter-
ritories to the westward. The center
of his empire lajr in these high pla
teaus of the Andes—the fair and fer-
tile valleys of Huaylas and Vllcanota,
the bare and bleak plains of Cerro de
Pasco and Tltlcaca'B basin.
We were now entering the last
named, the most southern of the four,
and were then to turn northward to
visit the Inca capital, Cuzco, the navel
of the kingdom, as Its name signifies.
"Did George talk business, laBt
night, dear?" asked mamma.
“Yes," replied daughter.
"What did he say?”
“That business was rotten P
OCTOGENARIAN IS A WALKER
New Jersey Man Attributes Almost
Perfect Health to Dally
Hammonton, N. J.—William Berns-
house, who is known as "the grand old
man of Hammonton,” attributes his
almost perfect health to the fact that
he Is an enthusiastic pedestrian and
that he never indulged in intoxicating
liquor. He settled in Hammonton In
the forties, at a time when there were
less than a dozen houses in what now
is the second largest municipality in
Although in his eighty-second year,
Bemshouse averages from fifty to
sixty miles of walking each week.
About a year ago he was one of a
party of surveyors who inspected and
appraised the damage done to a tim-
ber tract where more than 4,000 acres
were burned over by fire; supposedly
caused by sparks from a locomotive.
TM OVERPAID/ SAYS TEACHER
So Professor Meyer of the University
of Minnesota Returns $380
St. Paul. Minn.—University of Min-
nesota regents for the first time In
their experience as administrators of
university affairs have been called
upon to consider the case of a univer-
sity professor who thinks he received
too much salary.
It cropped up at the meeting of the
executive committee. A. F. Meyer, as-
sociate professor of hydraulics in the
college of engineering, made a refund
of $380 on his salary.
When he came to the university he
was employed also by the joint United
States-Canadlan Boundaries commis-
sion but he had scruples about receiv-
ing a salary from two nations and
from the university at the same time.
The refund was on a pro rata basis.
GAME OF LIFE WAS CALLED
On Account of Darkness After Traglo
Accident to Enthusiastic
Baseball Fan. .
W. H. Murphy, a salesman, living
at the Minneveska apartments, was
an his way to the ball game, reports
the Los Angeles Times. He tried to
board a moving train, grasped the
handrail and tried to lift himself to
the steps. His grasp -was not firm,
and his palms were moist with run-
ning, and as he began to elevate him-
self his hands slipped.
A lurch, a swing and a sudden shift,
and his body was thrown to the rails.
His legs were caught beneath the
wheels and the train passed over
them, amputlng both above the
He was taken to the Receiving hos-
pital for treatment, where Surgeon
Wiley and Assistant Surgeons Roome
and Johnson dressed the limbs, an
operation demanding further ampu-
tation. As he went to the operating
table to receive the ether he was
smiling and cheerily talked with the
“No more ball games for me for
a while," ho remarked.
The attentions of the surgeons
stopped further speech, while the
ether was administered, and after-
ward, when he had been wheeled from
the spotless surgery to the w'ard, he
began to talk again. He was at the
“Well, he’ll get a hit now. The
time has come; he's going to get a
“Oh, hum. it's rather a slow game
today. What’s the matter with those
boys that they’re moving so slow’?
They ought to liu-ry. Can’t they see
It’s getting dark? It’s certainly get-
ting dark fast. You can hardly see
the outfielders there—not In right
field, anyhow. I guess they’ll have to
stop soon, won’t they? The sun's all
gone down. My, but It wrent fast.
“And see how dark It’s getting—
“I guess they'll have to call—the
And the surgeons drew the sheet
far over his head and notified the un-
GOING BACK INTO HISTORY
Italians and Greeks, With Small
Forces, Captured Constantinople^
In Year 1453.
On account of the fact that the
Turks are in this great European war
It is interesting to recall from the
pageB of history that on May 29, 1463,
the forces of the Italians and Greeks,
numbering only abvut 14,000, con-
quered Constantinople against an esti-
mated defending army of Turks of
200,000. This has been1
history as to numbers engaged, but
the salient fact remains that the city
founded by the Emperor ConBtantine
was captured by the Italians and
Greeks at that time.
The days following the Crusades had
been marked by changes Indescribable
In brief description. The Mohamme-
dan element had become dominant.
Then In a political movement the Ital-
, Ians and Greeks assaulted the very
citadel of Mohammedlsra and after a
long fight against tremendous odds
captured the then rather Insignificant
capital of the Gateway to the Orient,
which has been the scene of many
strifes since that time and is now one
of the main issues of the greatest of
all wars. The Arabic peoples had been
aroused by the growth of Mohamme-
danism. The thought that if a devotee
of Islamism died for his faith he wbb
at once destined to translation to the
seventh heaven was paramount to all
other thoughts. Then it was that the
uprising of the Christian Latins and
Greeks intruded into the long years ot
the rule of Islam and conquered Con-
THE EYE MAN
Will be in Manchester next
Monday. You all know
him. See him about your
Eyes, Eye examinations
Free and don't forget that
has been officially appoint-
ed to examine the eyes of
Buckley’s Rooming House
Monday, October 4th.
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Wood, E. A. The Manchester Journal. (Manchester, Okla.), Vol. 23, No. 18, Ed. 1 Friday, October 1, 1915, newspaper, October 1, 1915; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc497872/m1/4/: accessed February 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.