The Granite Enterprise. (Granite, Okla.), Vol. 10, No. 42, Ed. 1 Friday, March 4, 1910 Page: 3 of 8
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C/I 1 ; ccZwMr** n«xsor< CO.
through every grade, up to the sewing
dressmaking and cooking classes fo:
girls, and the technical drawing and car-
penter classes for boys—with a simple
grounding in art, science and commercia.
methods—to increase the economic pow
er of the population.
In spite of the general complaints o.
business men against the public schools
which were the text of the article I In
tended to write, simple honesty compel«
me to confess that the average penman-
fbi!>, spelling, arithmetic and origina.
Fng'.lsh composition worked out before
my very eyes in New York public
schools, visited at random and usually
without notice, seems better, much bet-
ter than the average of the public
schools of 15. 20 o/ 25 years ago
A comparatively new idea is the
"study period." in which pupils, with
their text books before them, are taught
how to study. The teacher explains to
the class just what It is expected to get
out of the books.
In the public school attached to the
Training School for Teachers in Brook-
Ivn I Saw a good illustration or how mod-
em pedagogy strives to make children
think. Instead of merely training them
IIE shrill morning
clamor of nearly 3,001"
Jewish children gath
ering in Public School
31, New York, had
died down. All were
assembled in neat
ranks on the four
floors of tho splendid
stone building. In tho
streets, with their
ihatvlcd mothers and push cart ped
<Mers, were picturesque huddles of tod-
iiers waiting for a chance to enter
Ihe crowded plact
A fair haired young teacher sitting
at the piano on the top floor bent her
head and struck a long, deep chord.
Instantly 600 dark-eyed boys and
girls aroso from their desks and
stalely psalm filled the great sunlit
room. Presently the fresh young
voices swung into "Who Is Sylvia
nd "Where tho Bee Sucks." Asalnst
- ,nL TU*'«,r1(t
■i , •'
-*-• fes* m
demor a 11 z I n g
Y** - ™ ****
He (after embarrassing sllenc®)—
Don't you think the floor is unusually
flat to-night?—Williams Purple C«w.
Fools Few People
Counterfeit sympathy is one of the
most easily detected imitations hi the
The Philosopher of Folly
"The man who throws money to the
birds," says the Philosopher of Folly,
"has a lot of nervo to pose as a lover
of dumb animals."
Pure iron is only a laboratory pre-
paration. Cast Iron, the most gener-
ally useful variety, contains abent fiv*
per cent, of impurities, and tho cuiV
ous thing is that it owes it* special
value to th9 presence of these. Pure
Iron can be shaved with a pocket
knife; Impure Iron can be made al-
most as hard as steel.
B*ck on the Job
Where are the undesirable habits
of the yesteryear?—Washington Her-
If you would know Just what people
say of you behind your back, listen
to what they say of others.
Happiness is not that which yon are
doing, but the motive at the back ot
the doing.—Ell Wheeler Wilcox.
A Common Mistake
A good many people think they
have principles when they merely pos-
sess habits.—Chicago Record-Herald.
the ugly noises of the crowded, sordid
metropolis they sang the fairest, tenderest
fancies of Shakespeare.
Then there was filence. A pale, llat-chestea
Jewish Loy lifted a large silk American flag
from its place against the wall, bore It witn
solemn st^p and reverent face to the head_ o
the middle aisle, dipped it slowly and then
f raised it high with a gesture of simple pride
There was something inspiring as well as
pathetic in the young eyes in which the op-
W pressed blood of European ghettos lookod
f through Its emancipated heirs upon that sacrea
symbol of equity and liberty. The room was
as still as death. Every face was earnest.
The young tcacher struck another deep
chord from the piano.
At this ifcvery right hand was lifted in salute
to tho brow nnd then stretched out toward the
flag while the boys and girls chanted:
"We salute thee! We, the children of many
lands, who fiiul rest under thy folds, do pledge
our lives and our hearts to love and protect
thee—our country—and the liberty of the
American people lorever."
I have seen the American flag saluted In
many lands and on many seas, but never have
I witnessed a greeting that meant so much as
that childish pledge in which one civilization
lovingiy surrendered to another.
' Bitter complaints against the public schools
of the country spurred me out to learn some-
thing of the present training of our nearly 17,-
IflOO.OOO school children.
I went honestly to condemn; I came back to
-explain and praise.
Nor is there a more misrepresented or mis-
understood Hiibject in America than this ques-
tion of the public schools; and he is a lucky
man who can make the American mothers and
fathers or to-day realize what is being done to
the American mothers and fathers of to-
Tlio. business man loudly insists that tho
public schools are not what they are intended
to he and arc not what'they used to be; that
the interest und enthusiasm of both teachers
and (mulls are wasted on nature studies, paper
cutting and folding, straw plaiting, art work,
folk dancing, music, cooking, sewing, and all
mani,( r of lads and frills, wbllo the essentials
of education, the old fashioned school subjects
grouped together as the "three Rs," are delib-
erately neglected; and that this is an outrage
upon the children and a defiance to the tax-
payers. . . .
The Immensity of the subject may be judged
by tho new report of the United States com-
missioner of education, which shows that a
year ago there were 16.820.386 pupils enrolled
In tho 259,115 common schools of tho nation,
with 470,23K teachers.
Tho yearly expenditure on schools is $330,-
<580,801—equal to about a third of tho whole
expenditures of the national government—and
the value of the school properties reaches the
Btaggerliig total of $843,309,410.
Tho enrolled Bchool children of the United
Statos almost cqunl the combined populations
of Holland, Sweden, Portugal and tlieece.
It will he seen that If the education of the
children of tho country is drifting Into tho
feandM of doctrinaires and experimontista. and
the practical elements of school training nro
being nt gieeted in order that modern pedagogy
may exploit unsound sclentlflc theories, the
matter concerns not only fathers nnd mothers,
but touches tho character of tho nation as a
Hope for tho future of the great republic
rests upon its school children. Never has such
n weight <>f responsibility been thrown upon
tho school houae as to-day.
New York, the second city of the world. Is
a good Hold In which to investigate tl'o angry
tendency of public ^hool education.
The metropolis has. Including s
651,325 children enrolled in its bi* h.
houses, which cost $99 133.000 and has a teach
lng and supervising force of .
whose combined salarlc, amount to »l..5".wu
Fo"1" weeks I went from Bchool to school.
from class room to class room, from teac
teacher, from principal to professor
lng, questioning, comparing, analyzlngth
idea of the common school wlththe • P
tlcularly looking to see how theory consist
with practice and results
To start with. I had the fact that there Is
general complaint that the boys and girls who
come from American public'schools write bad-
ly spell badly, and are weak In grammar and
But*facts are hard things to overcome, and
the more I searched for evidence with which
to shame and confound modern pedagogy and
its methods, the less was 1 disposedi to con
demn, until finally It became plain that I. in
common with the general public, was mistaken
and that an attack upon what Is known as the
"new education" could not be justified. That
there Is some waste and much that is experi-
mental In it cannot be denied. But the great
groundwork of it seems to be sound and prac
tlCu'l8 claimed that the old system of teach-
ing children in the schools was based on> an
ignorant theory of the human brain. The Idea
was that a stern, high drill In a tew subjects
developed mental power that could be used
in all subjects. Teachers have assumed that
the mind was a group of general
faculties, such as observation, comparison, at
tentlon, logic, memory, language, and so on.
and that an Intensive study along the line of
any mind faculty would develop that faculty
as a wholo and practically for all purposes.
It Is now held by leading educational au-
thorities that the brain, instead of being a col-
Son of a few general faculties, divides itself
on investigation Into countless speculations,
and that mental power developed In one func-
tion of tho brain cannot as a rule be trans-
ferred to another function.
That discovery upsets the foundations on
which education has been based for centuries
and together with the modern demand for
technical and manual training to meet indus-
trial problems, accounts for the sweeping
changes observable In the public schools.
To-day the teaching profession has grown
to enormous proportions. There are Ini the
United States nlone more than half a million
teachers and college professors. That is more
than a third of the membership of all the pro-
fessions combined. The teachers of the coun-
try outnumber the lawyers or physicians more
than four to one.
Pedagogy has suddenly become a conscious
profession which seeks to establish Itself upon
a firm scientific basis.
The new idea is that a broad curriculum,
embracing. In addition to the three Rs. man-
ual training, art. science and nature studies,
touches all the latent possibilities, tastes and
ambitions of the child; arouses, Interests and
develops Its capacities; and, so. prepares It for
self-realization In Us life vocation.
Such Investigators as Prof. Edward L.
Thorndike, professor of educational psychology
in the Teachers college, Columbia university,
declare thnt actual scientific tests show that
the specialization of the human mind is "even
greater than ordinary observation leads one to
an education ot
tho emotions, a
cultivation o f
the mystic ele-
ments of patri-
doubt that the
daily salute to
the symbol of
American 11 b-
e r t y, equality
That thrtlllngly beautiful ceremony In which
600,000 New York school children and their
16 000 teachers begin each morning s work by
stretching out their hands to tha American
flag and solemnly pledging allegiance to it Is
and Justice as something high and sacred stirs
in the childhood of the restless, changing, pro-
fane metropolis those fine, almost unspeakable
feelings to which the national flag may appeal
when even the study of American history falls
to arouse the imagination?
But it is not wholly on psychology that the
modern public school and its methods depend
The old style public schools, aside from drill-
ing spelling, arithmetic, grammar, geography
and history Into the minds of children, princi-
pally by stern memorizing of the words of text
books were conducted on the theory of prepar-
ation "for high fcbools. The truth Is that not
one public school pupil out of ten in the coun-
try enters a nigh school. The high schools
were largelv a preparation for college. But not
more than one high school pupil out of ten
completes a college course, even In New York,
where collegiate education is free.
. It will be seen that only one out of a hun-
dred of the entire school' population, in New
York, for Instanc , has the means, Inclination
or ability to pursue the academic course even
at the public expense.
If only one cbild out of a hundred can take
advantage of collegiate education, are the re-
maining 99 to be left to face the struggle for
life with only the three Rs, or perhaps a smat-
tering of Latin and the higher mathematics?
Germany has risen to power and riches
among the Industrial nations through her tech
nical and trade schools.
In the development of mechanical invention
we have forgotten that the machine is not
everything. Already the labor unions have re-
stricted the apprentice system until American
industry is put to its wits' ends to find substi
tutes for highly skilled artisans.
The public school teachers of the country
and those who train nnd direct them are ap-
parently fully av.: ke to the magnitude of the
new task which changing Industrlarconditions
have thrown upon them. Teachers, principal*
and professors alike talked to me of Germany m
great success through her technical and Indus-
This keen consciousness of the modern
school problem, shown alike by slender young
misses nnd by gray and wrinkled veterans, was
one of the most significant and impressive
things I encountered in the public schools.
The challenge of industrial Germany is to
be answered by American pedagogy.
Dr Thurston of Cornell university, has de-
clared that in order to bring the American peo-
ple up to technical and Industrial equality with
Germany, this country Leeded at present "1.100
university professors and Instructors and 11.000
students studying the highest branches ot tech-
nical work; there should be 1,000 college pro-
fessors and 15.000 students in technical schools
studying for superior positions in the arts, and
20,000 teachers engaged In trade and manual
training schools, instructing pupils. 400,000 in
number, preparing to become skilled workmen.
There are more than three female teachers
to evwi'y one male teacher In the public schools
of the United States, and yet I found In all
schools the same virile thought, that, aside
from writing, Rpelllng. arithmetic, grammar,
geography and the rudiments of hlstorj, the
first great duty of the teaching profession In
Amorlca wan, by manual training nnd other cul-
ture outside of the three Rs, to develop tho
whole intelligence of children, to accustom
their bodies and minds to work together, to as
sist them in gradually discovering what their
true vocation In alter life ought to be. to lit
them for It, and, from the kindergarten*
to repeat and memorize the words of the text
A girls' class In history was asked to choos*
a subject for dramatization. The girls chose
"The l'oston Tea Party." Then they selected
who should be King Georg", the speaker of tha
house of commons, the captain of the teashlp,
the leader of the American patriots, and so on.
Presently the little ones—their ages aver
aged 11 or 12 years—acted out the historical
Incident which precipitated the American rev-
olution. They used their own language, and
not the language of the books.
The object of all this was. of course, to sup-
plement the memorizing of books by persuad-
ing children to realize history through the ex-
ercise of reason and imagination in the at
tempt to reproduce persons and events.
People who will not clcan off their
sidewalks should con'ridbute to a fund
t.j supply the public with arctics, gum
shoes and hip boots.
Total resources of all the banks in
the United States reach $21,100,000.-
000. Industry and sobriety are grand
little tools, are they not?
One of the fashion journals says the
ladles will not wear rats next year.
Pessimists will at once decide that
something equally absurd will
A new book is entitled "Short Talk*
With Young Mothers." Don't spank
is the best short talk for young
mothers that comes to mind at the
"The custom of waving the handker-
chief vigorously In the air is a dan-
gerous one," says Dr. Bading. Yes.
the handkerchief flirtation has led to
One of the professors says women's
senses are less acute than those ot
man. He probably bases his decision
on the fact that a woman can get
along all winter with low shoes.
"In five years from now," says an
eminent physician, "it will not be re-
spectable to be ill." Does he think all
the vermiform apendlces wlM have
been removed In the meantime?
Austria thinks it wants a navy to
protect its citizens working hi "the
undeveloped countries overseas." M>w
what countries are those?
A man Is soon to be released from
the Connec'lciit penitentiary after
having been for 50 years a prisoner.
He will find that there are many more
things to be dodged than when ho
Now the chief engineer of the Unit-
ed States geological survey estimates
the nation's loss from the smoke nuis-
I BI)ce at $500,000,000 a year. At this
rat we are rapidly nearlng the point
where smoke will be as oostly a lux-
I ury as beef, and not half so nourlsh-
Of the translator In the employ of
There is just now great conflict on the sub-
ject of American public schools. Here and
there are educators who believe that there is
too much experiment in the new system How-
ever, the dominant thought is generally ac-
This striving toward industrial training re-
lates to cities and towns. It Is well under- ^
stood that a country toy or girl receives man- , ^ ernmen» who knows 20 old
ual training and acquires a practical know^ | ]aaguagea and a3 many dialects, it is
edge of things in his or her ordinary life tn j that h(j knows more diplomatio
a farm district. I secrets than any other man excepting
It is the children growing up in centers ot president and the secretary of
population, where everything is specialized.!^ lt mUs.. be a great thing to be
and almost everything reduced to machinery,
who need vocational development In Bchcol.
The confessed general object of the average
American school teacher to-day Is to so de-
velop the natural Industrial and artistic capac-
able to keep still In 20 different lan-
A Roumanian physician has discov-
ered an anesthetic by which opera-
be performed upon con-
lie "of children, in addition to a good com-i tiens can be pertormea ^ --
mand of the three Rs. that when they reach! scious patients without any ,e^lng°
tho nrdinarv age for leaving the elementary pain to them, it would be a flue te
schools say"from 14 to 16 years, they will have ; to apply this remarkable discovery to
distinctly shown their various mental and ; the operation duo these shopping
liii'unal aptitudes. With technical and indus- j time8 0t operating upon the keenly
trial schools in place of the academic high i sensitive pocket nerve of the heads or
schools, hard-pressed parents will make an ; fAmiUts.
children in training longer
effort to keep their
Tor the sake of higher wages and greater op-
portunities for promotion insured by vocation-
al education. Of course the academic high
school will continue to exist for that compara- i
lively small number whose means aud ambi-
tions destine them to a classical or profes-
The growth of cities and towns, the concen- j
tration and specialization of industries and the j
inundations of immigration have thrown other j
new burdens on tho public schools. The old j
American home training, with Us Ideals of ;
conduct, helpfulness, patriotism and morals. |
can no longer be depended upon as before In
centers of population. The old American home
life, and Its standards, ave rapidly disappear-
ing, and nt a time when the church, too, is los-
ing authority and Influence.
In this confusing era of loosening social
bonds, of drifting ideals and of fierce, sordid
competition—still more confounded by the ner-
er-ceasing flow of mixed bloods from allen civi-
lizations—the American school house stands as
the one universal instrument left to society.
It has largely taken the place of tho home
us a guardian of the health of children. That
Is ono of Its most significant developments. It
has also accepted sociological duties through
Us kindergartens in keeping mere infants out
of the Btreets. It teaches sewing, cooking, and
other household things that were once taught
at home. It maintains recreation grounds,
where children are trained to play-
A peti'ion is in circulation In Penn-
sylvania asking the legislature to es-
tablish a closed season for muekrat.
Tho reason for this is found la th®
fact that in Pennylvanta and Mary-
land the flesh of the muskrat Is es-
teemed as highly by epicures as the
flesh of the 'possum Is es'eemed In
the south. Instead of hunting for
rat hides, the niarsh sportsmen aro
now after food that bring * good
price In the markets.
FOR BEST RESULTS USE
0. K, SEEDS
ASK YOUR DEALER FOR THEM
barteldes seed co.
Oklahoma S«ed Houm OKLAHOMA UI V
of All Kinds for Sale
Repair IVork c»r«(ullf •»*
Southwestern Manufacturing Co.
and VELIE VEHICLES d««Ut
OR J0HK UEERE PLOW CO- OKLAHOMA CTTO
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Charles E. Hill and Sons. The Granite Enterprise. (Granite, Okla.), Vol. 10, No. 42, Ed. 1 Friday, March 4, 1910, newspaper, March 4, 1910; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc402752/m1/3/: accessed September 18, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.