Echols, R. C. The Mangum Star. (Mangum, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 14, No. 17, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 31, 1901, newspaper, October 31, 1901; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc282054/m1/1/: accessed November 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .