The Willow Times (Willow, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 49, Ed. 1 Friday, May 17, 1918 Page: 2 of 8
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Cr«at Lakes School Declared to
Be Greatest of Kind in
AMAZED AT SCOPE OF WORK
Pameu* Norwegian Eaplorsr Qlvet an
Interesting Description of HI* In-
spection of ths Big Train.
"wn «'«««ry that h«* the tomr
strikes It Mill deliver • blow hlrh
will I* heard throughout the world,
■uHOdllll thf •l«niti kitrll «if uuliM mrx
and proclaiming ti.nl the h**rtl«a*
slayers i.f iiuiiHviit f„ik have Anally
FEAR GLASS-EYE FAMINE
Shortage of Ola** ai*w*rs Produces
Situation That I* ft**||y
Great IjikcN, III - iiikIi tribute to
the Great I.nke« nnval trnliilng sin-
tlon and the grent work being done
here la contain**! In tin article writ*
I"1 hjr ('apt. Hon Id Amundsen, famous
Norwegian navigator and arctic ex-
plorer, who recently visited the sta-
tion. The article, which follows was
published In the continental edition of
the American Ihilly Mull In I'arls:
"I have visit,-o the Great Lake*
naval training station at Lake Forest.
Ju*t north of Chicago. It* scope
amaze* me. It la the largest, and | er-
hups hy this time the most widely-
known trulnine school In the world.
It* location—1,(100 ml lea from the At-
lantic, 2,000 miles from the Pacific—
In the heart of this vast continent,
makes It unique In the nnval annals
of the world. Some years ago It would
have heen Impossible to conceive of
such n thing. But once again the United
States has demonstrated to the
world that, under the leadership
of one of Its most competent navnl offi-
cers, Cupt. William A. Moffett. It was
capable of accomplishing the apparent-
Has Trained Thousands.
"Since the United States took up
arms 13,000 men have been trained at
this school. At present, there are 23,-
000 Jncklcs in training there, and yet,
thanks to the phenomenal size of the
wooden huts and tents pitched there, j
It enn accommodate the enormous In
flux of recruits. And still more hut
roents are going up.
"Standing at an entrance to the
camp I watched the arrival of green
'rookies,' who, after being subjected
to a severe medical test, are put
through their course of navol Instruc-
tion nt the hands of the most skillful
trainers In the country. Their studies
finished, these 'Inland seamen,' fit as
fiddles, are ready to be assigned to
fighting craft in the war zone.
"At Lake Forest there are also air-
craft fitted out with all the latest de-
vices. The United States has the ma-
chines and the men to pilot them.
"In one building 1 saw men learning
how to detect the direction and location
of sound. Numerous electrically
equipped listening towers reared up
toword the sky. It was astonishing
. S Pe® how accurately the men gauged
the sounds and whence they came
£rom. They are being coached in this
"fJJrt" with a view of discovering the
whereabouts of hostile U-boats. The
teamwork of officers and men In all
branches of the camp's activities
strikes the observer.
Praises the Band.
"A commodore told me that vice
nmong the recruits is virtually non-ex-
istent. Out of 20,000 men but 26 were
Denver. Colo. — Wanted: Skilled
| irl*«o Mowers \*ho enn make glass eye*.
There nre only three | er*oiis In the
I United Stales who maki* glass eyes,
according to Aaron Kohler, one of th*
three, who hits his shop in iN-nver.
At the beginning of the world wnr.
one | ers4in out of every 200 In the
world wore a glass eye. Kohler de-
clares. Since the war the ratio has
Increased, and Kohler doesn't attempt
to say what the pro|Misltlon Is to-
day. Itut he does say the demand 1s
*o far In exces* of the supply that It
will t>e a generation before "the
trade" has caught up with Its orders.
And. Inasmuch as the average "life"
of a glass eye Is only one year, the
situation Is really alarming.
Glass-eye making I* an art practiced
mostly In Europe.
■y M. I- BuMer
of th* Vigilant**.
WIIMI | soldier n «ii i>u<h*r
Hlfho in cushmmI
Is IfMHsM in-uinllM,
wi Me K« 4
Otv«e saiuu in silent mwihi.
'Tie the way
That h* mm st every ihmiIu •
Wh i •■* • *r. Is peseta*.
Wul< k his i>Mirt end hMd rvepunslv*
Grave and mute,
• n I lug ms <>r <>n the earth he
rixfsra as I hey msei,
Mv hie ran*. "I shall Im worthy!**
<u they «rvet
iNperiai lafbrmallon Service, failed aiaiee Oepanment of Agriculture i
WHEN CO-OPERATION HELPS THE FARMER
War Couree* Add*d.
Norman, okI*.- The University of
Oklahoma. In order to meet t|M> war
needs, ami the IteCMMttjr of training
men aloug technical lines, has ndd«*d
six s|mh'ImI chemistry courses In the
school « f tuechiinlcal engineering.
*1 he courses nre on petroleum prod-
ucts, | etrolcum and natural gas
technology und several lulioratory
Lay* Eggi In Tr*«.
Kast Ilartford, Conn.—J. A. Dan-
iels of Silver I<ahe boasts of a hen
which lays eggs in a nest In u willow
tree, ten feet from the ground. Mr.
Daniels' hired man saw the hen cack-
ling on n branch of the tree recently
and discovered an egg In her lofty
nest. Since then she has been luying
regularly on her high jierch.
Saving of SI
Wa* Mad* by a W**t*rn Fruit Growers' Association by
Buying Th**« 34 8prayera Cooperatively.
YOUTH LEADS AS
KILLER OF HUNS
British Aviator of Twenty-two Is
the Most Successful of
DOWNS 54 ENEMY PLANES
Captain McCudden Win* the Victoria
Cross and About Every Other Honor
Hi* Government Can Bectow
Special Farming Encourages
being treated for venereal diseases. .
rejoiced to learn thot o great many
Scandinavians had enlisted, proving
their loyalty to the cause of America
and her allies.
"It was Indeed impressive to hear
the bands, composed of some 700 men,
of the Great Lakes truining school, led
by Lieut. John Philip Sousa, as they
paraded In the huge arsenal, the cen-
ter of a hollow square of embryo sail-
ors, all singing the popular "hit,"
"America, Here's My Boy."
"I have seen the great United State*
navy at work, and I can assure my1
London.—Wherever flying men or
men interested In flying meet today, be
it In Britain or at the British front in
Frnnce, there is only one name on
their lips. It is that of Capt. James
Byford McCudden, who has Just been
awarded the Victoria cross, the most
honorable decoration that British
valor can win, and who, in receiving
it, has been officially revenled as the
greatest and most successful air
fighter, living or dead, that the allies
have yet produced. Captain McCud-
den, who Is only twenty-two, has a big-
ger bag of hostile machines brought
down than Bishop, Guynemer or Ball,
or any other flying man that the war
has brought forward, with the single
exception of Baron von Richthofen,
who recently was killed in action.
McCudden's record of hostile ma-
chines accounted for up to February
27 was 54. Of these 42 were definitely
destroyed—four of them in just 90
minutes, 19 falling on the British side
of the lines. Only 12 out of the 54
were driven down out of control.
No wonder that, in recounting the
feats of the young British champion,
even the writers of the sober Official
Gazette are Inspired to use the lan-
guage of enthusiastic admiration. They
tell us that Second Lieut, (temporary
Captain) James Byford McCudden,
D. S. O., M. C., M. M., Royal Flying
corps, has now received the V. C. "for
conspicuous bravery, exceptional per-
severance, keenness and very high de-
votion to duty on various occasions
during December, 1917, and January
and February of the present year."
As the other initials after his name
Indicate, Captain McCudden also hp.s
the distinguished service order, the
military cross and the military medal.
Moreover, he has added a bar to both
his D. S. O. and his military cross.
"The mllltury medal," says the offl-
SZTSTTttZSK r,fAITH IN PRINCIPLE NEEDED
It. F. C.) for consistent gallantry.
courage and dash during the month of 1
September, 1910, in attacking and de-
stroying an enemy muchine and forc-
ing two others to land. He also twice
crossed the enemy lines at a very low
altitude in attacks on hostile balloons
under very heavy fire.
"The military cross was awarded for
conspicuous gallantry in action on
February 1^ 1917, on which occasion
this officer followed a hostile machine
down to a height of 300 feet, and
drove It to the ground.
"Captain McCudden earned the bar
to his military cross for conspicuous
United States Department of Agrlcul-
ture Will Aid Communities De-
siring to Form Organization*
—Some Good Suggestions.
j Every co-operative organization
| Jhould result from a widespread de-
| ™nd based on a well-felt need.
I A community which specializes on
one or a few products offers a more
promising field for a co-operative mar-
keting organization than one which
produces small amounts of a large
number of different products.
Mllnni™ 7n"'i. "T , """'oer or aiirerent products. A farm-
neriod of a TJ dUring the er natura,,y w' devote more attention
1917 whon . .gu® 15-September 28, to an organization which markets his
slve'nntrnia / ln many offen* Prlnc,Pal products than one which han-
led? 5 (?Ver h'lty °f Whlch he d,es products whlch are raised by him
? . destr°yed flve enemy ma- ; as side lines.
of organisation and marketing prob-
lems and in this way lays the founda-
tion for future co-operative marketing
When the organization of a co-opera-
tive purchasing or marketing associa-
**>• comes up for consideration, It Is
advisable to conduct a preliminary sur-
vey of the local situation In order to
ascertain whether or not conditions are
ripe for co-operative work. Since or-
ganizations founded on a well-felt need
are more likely to be successful than
organizations which nre not, the need
for a co-operative organization should
be ascertained in the preliminary sur-
vey, as well as the amount of business
available, and the attitude of the peo-
ple In the community toward co-opera-
tive undertakings. The existing agen-
cies which the proposed organization
Intends to replace or supplement should!
be studied to determine whether they
are rendering satisfactory service, and
information should be* gathered rela-
tive to the outlets for the products to
be marketed and the sources of sup-
plies to be purchased.
The department of agriculture is
glad to advise with communities desir-
ing to organize for co-operative under-
•> ' v vuvtuj tilU
chines, driving three others down out
of control. *
The distinguished service order
was bestowed on him for conspicuous
gallantry on November 29, 1917, when
If the service rendered by existing
marketing agencies is unsatisfactory,
a co-operative marketing organization
is likely to receive heartier support
than if the farmers are satisfied with
L „ ' : VI. \ « «, wiieu ! man lr tne farmers are satisfied with
. brought down an en- the existing system. An association
emy two-seater within our lines, both
occupants being taken prisoner. He
also encountered an enemy machine
during very bad weather conditions
at 2,000 feet and fought it down to a
height of 100 feet, when It was de-
stroyed. Captain McCudden came
down to within a few feet of the
ground in the enemy's lines and finally
crossed the line at a very low altitude.
Subsequent to the award of the bar to
the military cross he had been respon-
sible for the destruction of seven ene-
my machines, two of which fell within
"For his skill and gallantry on No-
vember 23, 1917, Captain McCudden
was awarded a bar of the distin-
guished service order. On this occa-
sion he destroyed four enemy ma-
chines, three of which fell within our
lines, by fearlessness and his clever
maneuvering. He also drove his pa-
trol against six enemy machines, driv-
ing them off."
NOW NIPJND TUCK
Saving and Production of Food a
is to set nbout saving more food to
send In Its piace. There should al-
ways be food enough on the docks for
speedy shipping as fast as ships are
available. The only way to make this
possible is by steady saving.
The sending of wheat during 1917
was made easier because of the sur-
plus on hand from 1916.
When the time for cutting the 1918
crop comes there will be no surplus
from 1917 to draw on. America had
already used up her surplus by Decem-
ber of last year and what has been
sent since represents the savings of !
the people throughout the country. '
The average total export of wheat I
and wheat flour to the three principal !
allies has been about 110,000.000 bush- I
els per year since 1914.
Cereals are the most vital of the
tuck. The saving and production of
food has become a direct military con-
tribution to the winning of the war.
TONGUE CUT OUT BY HUNS
American Doctor Sends Message to
Family Written Under Stamp
Only Constant Conservation Program
Will Enable America to Sup-
Washington.—It is now nip and tuck
with the world's food supply. Only a
ateady and constant program of con-
servation on the part of America will
enable her to sustain the food flow to
her associates In this war.
Germany Is not only keeping her
people fed but she Is still Interfering
with the normal flow of food ship- j food needs abroad. They not only
menfs to her enemies. She Is now dl- ! yield the most protein but they also ! <.*♦<« Much of lr i . ."I T*
renting her submarine attacks espe* furnish more than twice the calories I £nsor
rt.117 " lb. I.r*<r b«t. .nd «,<«. j of .n, o.h,r f«o.l Tk.'Mtar uolll
Auburn. Neb.—Just before Doctor
Wiikle, a well-known physician of
this city, went to war he told relatives
that If he was ever captured by the
Germans he would communicate with
them, and that they must look under
the postage stamp to get the real condl-
ditlons If harm befell him.
A few days ago the family received
a letter from him, written from a Ger^
i man prison camp. It was the stereo
typed message, saying he was wefi.
with the most valuable cargoes. Per- j The burden of the cereal supdIt
hap« 10 per cent of the actual ship- ; rests with America. War cannot last
m. r.ts sunk have been grain and other beyond the time when production and
foo.1 supplies. ""in* fall to keep pace with conwmp-
The only way to repair this dnmmgm | tlor and deatroetloo. It to nip and
one rememt>ered what the doctor had
said about a message under the stamp.
The stamp wa* carefully removed. Un-
der It he had written these word*:
They have cut out my tongue -
should be formed only when it can
perform profitably some definite serv-
ice, for an organization without a defi-
nite purpose Is not likely to accomplish
very much. Prejudice and misconcep-
tion make a very insecure foundation
for .co-operative effort.
A co-operative organization is a dem-
j ocratic institution in which it Is custom
, nry for all members to have equal
voting power, while in a nonco-opera-
i tlve stock company each share usually
has a vote. Thus the basis of repre-
sentation In one is men, while in the
other it is money. Another principle
usually followed by co-operative organ-
izations is to limit the financial inter-
ests of individuals as a further safe-
guard against allowing one member to
gain control of the organization. It is
customary for co-operative associations
to admit as members all who desire
and are qualified to ftecome members
and agree to abide by the rules. While
nonco-operative stock companies dis-
tribute their profits in the form of divi-
dends on their capital stock, co-opera-
tive organizations having capital stock
make a practice of limiting the divi-
dends to a fair rate of interest on the
capital Invested and distribute the sur-
plus, if any, on the basis of the busi-
ness done through the association.
These suggestions by specialists of
the United States department of agri-
culture are given In Yearbook Separate
I 738 Just Issued from Washington.
There Is a close relationship between
co-operative marketing organizations
and the more general associations
formed for educational and social pur-
poses. Many communities are not
ready for co-operative marketing activ-
ities. and frequently a social or educa-
tional organization In such a neighbor-
hood Is Invaluable In teaching Its mem-
bers the value of co-operation and bow
to co-operate. Just as a child creeps
before It learns to walk and run, so a
community has to understand the fun-
damentals and the requirements of co-
operation before great results can be
obtained from organisation. An edu-
cational or social association, when
properly directed, furnishes an excel-
•*nt place for a full and free discusaloo
SHEEP OR DOGS—WHICH7
Why don't you keep sheep on
Afraid dogs will kill them!
Can't keep stray dogs and
sheep In the same county.
That means that the stray
sheep-killing dog must go, In
Pass a gobd dog law.—United
States Department of Agricul-
War's Need for Good Cows.
The profitable dairy cow helps to>
feed our armed forces and will help us
win the war, but the low-producing,
unprofitable scrub Is little better than
a slacker. The unprofitable cow mar
enjoy perfect health and have a larg
appetite; she may even belong to ono
of the best cow families, but if she is
not an economical producer she should
be converted into meat.
The present, however, is not the time-
to dispose of dairy herds; rather it is
the time to enlarge and Improve them.
The city, the country, and the army
need more dairy products; the dairy
cow also assists greatly In maintaining-
permanent soil fertility; and the care-
fully selected, well-bred, well-fed dairy
cow may still be kept at a profit. Let
the slogan, therefore, be: Careful se-
lection, Intelligent breeding, and skill-
Farmera Writ* Insurance.
Farmers' co-operative fire insurance
companies to the number of about 2,-
000 are now In existence. They have
about $5,300,000,000 of insurance in
force. This means that the farmers-
companies are now Insuring more than
two-flfths of all the Insurable farn
property in the United States. The
average cost of insurance In these com-
panies Is about 26 cents per hundred
dollars per year.
Keeping Harness In Repair.
The tools and facilities required for
keeping harness In repair are compara-
tively simple and Inexpensive. A con-
siderable portion of the repair work
on harness can be performed by tb
aid of tools required for other par-
poses. but there are a few special de-
rices that are desirable.
Feed and car* tor tbe mar* at foafr
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Latta, Charles W. The Willow Times (Willow, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 49, Ed. 1 Friday, May 17, 1918, newspaper, May 17, 1918; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc276694/m1/2/: accessed December 18, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.