Roff, Charles H. The Cushing Independent (Cushing, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 37, Ed. 1 Friday, May 11, 1917, newspaper, May 11, 1917; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc276491/m1/3/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .