The Cushing Independent (Cushing, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 9, Ed. 1 Friday, March 30, 1917 Page: 2 of 10
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THE CUSHING INDEPENDENT
WAR DEPARTMENT SUS-
PENDS MUSTER OUT OF
CABINET OUTLINES PROGRAM
Congress Expected to Follow Recom-
mendation* to Be Made By
• President ft Hla Address
Washington.—Nearly 16,000 were
# puidad #to the natiAial guard forca
available for federal police duty by
pi war department order .suspending
(the muster out of all guard organiza-
tions still in the federal service.
(With the men called out during the
pant lew days this gives the govern-
ment nearly 50,000 guardsmen for
employment In their home states to
protect industries and other property.
Most of the men affected by the
prder are at their home mobilization
camps, preparing to return to civilian
Jife after long stays on the Mexican
(border. They now will be held at
Itheir camps or armories for assign-
ment as condition requires.
In all 18,000 men are retained by
■the order but several of the units al-
ready had *been designated for fed-
Cabinet Discusses Situation.
With army, navy and industrial
ipreparedness measures to meet Ger-
man aggression going forward as rap-
Idly as possible, President Wilson
and his cabinet took up consideration
of furthen steps to follow the conven-
ing of congress in extra session.
The general ^pinion after the cab-
inet meeting apparently was that the
program most likely to be followed
A declaration that a state of war
• exists between the United States and
An authorization for the president'
to use the armed force of the nation
to protect/its rights.
The granting of a large credit to
the government to carry out its pol-
Passage of censorship and espion-
age bills. • •
Provision for the employment of
additional secret service agents.
Full List of Units.
The full list of units ordered re-
tained in federal service follows®
Arizona, 1st infantry Mew Mex
■leo, 1st InfanWy■ battery A. Ala-
bama, 1st, 2nd a?id 4th infantry; 1st
regiment cavalry; one field hospital.
Colorado, One field hospital; onl sig-
nal corps company; three troops of
cavalry. Georgia, 1st, 2nd and 5th
Infantry; 2nd Bquadron and Troop A,
cavalry; ontf field hospital. Kentucky,
1st infantry; Company B signal corps;
Ambulance Company No. 1. Ohio,
1st battalion signal corps; 1st, 2nd
and 3rd field hospital; lst#and 2nd
ambulance companies; 1st battalion
and Company B, engineers. Virginia,
1st squadron cavalry. Texas, part of
The units called out earlier in the
■week were: #
Massachusetts, 2d. and 9th. regi-
ments; Pennsylvania, 1st and 3d regi-
ments; Marylifhd. 4tli regiment; Dis-
trict of Columbia, 1st separate bat-
talion; Virginia, 2d regiment; Ver
Tnont, Company B, 1st regiment; Con-
necticut, 1st regiment; New York,
2d and 71st regiments; New Jersey,
1st and 5th regiments; Delaware^lst
battalion, and Jst regiment. The fol
lowing organizations, which are now
in the federal servjfe, will not be mus-
tered out: Thirteenth Pennsylvania,
^A. and B companies of the 1st
Army Vouchers Accepted.
Another announcement was. that
the federal reserve board had ordered
army vouchers accepted by federal
reserve bauks as negotiable paper.
The action was taken to meet the
emergency presented by the failure
of the last congress to pass the army
appropriation bill and the deficiency
bills to cover border mobilization ex
The president has taken steps to
place the nation on a war footing.
By executive order he directed that
the navy be recruited without delay
to the full authorized war strength of
87,000 enlisted men. Taken in con-
nection with emergency navak con-
struction already ordered, this means
that the president has exercised the
full limit of his legal powers as com-
mander in chief to prepare the navy
for war. «
For thg army the president directed
that two new military departments be
created in the Atlantic coast region.
The order means that the task of or-
ganizing whatevery army congress
may organize will be divided among
six departmental commanders instead
of four in the interests of speed and
efficiency in mobilization.
DEMOCRATS IN THE SADDLE
WILL APPARENTLY ORGAN-
IZE THE &IEW HOUSE
Mann Trying to Frame-Up a Com-
to Be With Democrats.
Washington. — Preliminary Confer-
ences of house leaders developed lit-
tle but opposition to Republican
| Leader Mean's proposal that he with-
draw from the speakership race in
| favor of Speaker Clark af5d that the
house committees be organized on bi-
I partisan or non pSrtisan lines at the
opening of the extra session next
I Speaker Clark, after discussing the
Mann proposal with many democrats,
said he had found only one who fa-
vored it. The rank and file of Demo-
cratic congressmen declared generally
that Mr. Mann's proposal simply was
an admission of doubt of the repub-
| Representative Randall of Cali-
fornia, prohibitionist, declined to add
to his declaration that fouP of the five
Independents will vote for Speaker
Clark and the democratic organiza-
| Among- republicans, democrats and
independents generally the feeling ap-
peared to be that the organization
fight should be carried out on party
lines and disposed of as quickly as
That the temperance forces have
no intention of trying to crowd ft pro-
hibition legislation unless it should
be considered emergency business as
was the case with prohibition in Rus
sia earlier in ®ie war, was announced
by Daniel A. Poling, president of the
National Temperance Council.
U.°S* RECOGNIZES RUSSIA.
Fi^sl of Nations to Extend Diplomatic
Petrograd.—The United States is
the first nation to recognize formally
the new government of Russia. Am-
bassador Francis made a preliminary
' call on Foreign Minister Milukoff im-
mediately upon the receipt of instruc-
tions from the state department at
Accompanied by his staff, including
the naval and military attach#!, he
went to the* Marinsky palace where
the council of ministers was assem-
bled, ^jiade the formal recognition and
presented congratulations and felicita-
tions on behalf of the United States.
The naval and military attaches ap-
peared in full uniform.
The ambasadorial party was receiv-
ed in the council chamber where all
the ministers were present.
Washington.—Formal and full rec-
ognition by the United States of the
new government of Russia wjs an-
nounced at the state department. The
silence which has been observed by
the department concerning events in
Russia was broken, when officials
learned that the news of Ambassador
Francis' official welcoming of the new
regime had been received in press
GUARDSMEN ROUT I. W. W.
Kansas City Soldiers Resent Exhorta-
tion Against Enlistment.
Kansas City.—Walter Murphy, an
I. W. W. leader, and four companions
were arrested here while pleading
with a crowd to join them in a raid
•)n police headquarters.
The arrests #were. a culmination of
two fights between recruiting officers
for the Third regiment and I. W. W.
The guardsmen, led by Lieutenant
Trueman, who is a detective in civil
life, raided the I. W. W. houses be-
cause speakers there were exhorting
crowds of men not to enlist. Later in
Jhe day two other members of the
Third regiment returned and com-
pleted the job, removing not only the
habitues of the hall but also the fur-
niture, literature and anti-enlistment
255 Bessels, Score in March.
London.—Losses of merchant ves-
sels amounting to more than 420,000
tons thus far in March have resulted
from the war measures of the central
powers. Lord Charles.Reresford said
in the house of lords. Lord Beres'ford
tsaid that with longer days and calmer
weather the losses would increase and
that the public ought to have the facts
brought home to it. The number of
vessels sunk thus far this month was
givon by bim as 255. This is 10 per
epnt dai y less than February.
GERMANS gEPUSE PLEDGES
Sailors From Interned Liners Placed
In Military Stockade.
Atlanta.—The crew of the German
auxiliary cruiser Kron Prinz Wil*
helm, 11 officers and men, arrived at
Fort McPherson. declined to give any
pledges whatsoever, saluted the
United States flag as the post band
played the "Star Spangled Banner"
at "retreat" and were placed in a
stockade. Those brought here from
Philadelphia, whege they had been
inftrned, include only the officers and
crew of the Wilhelm. The remainder
of the 750 sailors were taken to Fort
Orglethorpe Ga.. near Chattanooga.
The Germans will be housed in five
barracks surrounded by a barbed war
stockade thirteen feet in height.
They will be divided into three com-
Nicholas Calm But Haggard
London.—The former emperor of
Russia, Nicholas Romanoff, has ar-
rived at the Tsarskoe Selo palace.
"Alighting from the train at Tsarskoe
Selo," says the correspondent, "Nicho-
las appeared calm, but was haggard.
He wore the flowing uniform of the
Sixth Kuban regiment of ccssacks and
a black busby. Around his shoulders
was a purple muffler and he had a cos-
sack dagger in his belt. Pinned on
the breast of the former monarch was
the Order of St. (ieorge. Nicholas was
accompanied by Prince Dolgouroff."
Three additional villages have fall-
en into the handsi of the British and
Fren<#i troops operating against the
Germans between Arras and Soi.ssons
;r® France One \Jllage was taken by
the British an*?i two were captured
by the French.
Lagnicourt, situated about six miles
northwest of Bapaume, fell into the
hands of the British, and Foleipbray
and Lafeuillee, in the Bassee-Foret-
De-Coucy regicn at the base of the
salient that has Ven driven into the
German lines at LaFere, now are in
the hands of General Neville's forces.
The French also have gained some
additional territory north of Soissons,
but no important changes in position
have occurred in the St. Quentin sec-
tor, where the Germans apparently
are stiffening their line. Paris reports
the disposal o German assemblages
in this district by the artillery fire
of the French.
Considerable aerial activity is in
progress between the British and Ger-
mans. London reports the forcing
down by British airmen of five Ger-
man 'airplanes east of Neuville St.
Vaast urgl Armentieres but says that
seven British machines have failed
to return to their bases. #
The Germans who are reported to
be in force on the north Russian
front, are again becoming active.
South of Dvinsk in th eregion of Pos-
tavy, after having loosed *gas v^ives
against the Russians, the Germans
essayed an advance buff according to
Petrogr;^, they were repulsed. gEast
of Baronovitchi another Teuton at-
tack was put down by the Russian
• - -
TO ASK FREIGHT ADVANCES
Ffcyds Want to Offset Expense of*lhe
Washington.—General advances in
freight rates will be sought within
the next ten days by all railroads in
the United States. Preliminary steps
were taken by virtually all .railroads
concerned in an infprmal conference
with the interstate commerce com-
Definite announcement was made
that the advance asked for eastern
roads would be 15 per cent on all
commodities except ore, bituminous
coiH and coke. Railroads of the south-
west submitted figures shewing that
increases ranging between 18 and
21.4 per fl-nt were needed to meet
additional costs of operation. No
authority will be sought under# pres-
ent proceedings to increase passegner
Spokesmen for the railroads also
let it be known that they are pre-
paring to go before every state rail-
y>ad and public utilities commission
in the union to ask for authority to
iffcrease their freight rates and inter-
ENSLAVED BELGIANS DYING
Horrible Conditions In German Con-
Havre -The Belgian government
has received by trustworthy means
letters from responsible Belgians,
who have been deported to Germany.
The letters, dated at the end of Feb-
ruary or early in March were written
from the camps in which the men are
being confined. One passage of a
letter said: *
"It is frightfu^ here. We are dying
of famine. "We have a oration of bread,
water and beets. That is all. We are
skeletons covered with skin. Thir-
teen were counted in the morgue yes-
terday and fourteen today. That is
from among the 3.000 or 4,000 here.
Conditions are more frightful in the
* * * and * ♦ camps. If anyone
gives us a little soup or something
else to^eat he is punished with five
days in prison."
WHITMAN AFTER SLACKERS
New York Governor Says He Has
New York. Governor Whitman in-
formed members of the Merchants'
Association at fP universal training
luncheon here that he would draft
men for the national guard to bring
the force up to the strength required
by the war department if the volun-
teer method failed He explained that
he was empowered to do by statute.
"It is not a power that I shrink
from, gentlemen," he said. "If, in a
time of war. cowardice and indiffer-
ence menaced the public safely. I
would be as much the craven as the
shirker if I did not use every force
at my command to compel the slacker
to take his place with the patriot."
Hospital Ship Sunk. #
London.—The British hospital ship
Asturias was torpedoed without
warning. Thirty-one persons were
killed and twelve are missing.
Eight Hours for Western Union.
New York.—An eight-hour work
day will be put into effect "by the
Western Union Telegraph Company
beginning May 1 in its principal of-
Tampico Ousts Germans.
San Luis Potosi.—More than 3,000
Germans, who have been working in
the oil fields at Tampico and Vera
Cruz, have been dismissed by the oil
companies. Many of these men have
54 AMERICANS AREoCAPilVES I
593 PRISONERS ARE IN LIST
Muleteers From United StateB Were
Aboard Steamer Esmeraldas
Sunk by Raider.
Nev^iort News.—FIft'y-four Amer-
ican muley>ers were aboard the Brit-
ish steamer Esmeraldas, reported in
Berlin dispatches as having been sunk
by the German raider Moew'e, accord-
ing to shipping agents here. The
agents believed the men were among
the 593 prisoners taken to Germany
by the raiders.
The Esmeraldas sailed from this
port on January 2 for Liverpool with
a cargo of horses. Six weeks ago she
left England on«her return trip, since
which time nothing had been heard
# A statement from Berlin says the
Moewe brought in 593 prisoners.
WHITL0CK IS RECALLED
I Americans Withdrawn From Relief
Work In Belgium.
Washington—American relilt work-
ers in Belgium and American Min-
I ister Brand \\ftitlock have been form-
ally withdrawn from Belgium. The
LAmerican relief commissioners will
| be replaced as far a? possible by
members of a joint neutral commis-
sion largely under the supervision of
Dutch military officials.
BrSnd Whitlock will go to Havre,
France, resuming his duties as min-
ister at the temporary Belgian cap-
The announcement given out by the
state department says:
| "For over two years it®has been the
I single minded purpose of this govern-
ment and the commission to see that
| these^ten millions of civilians were
£t'd and with this end in view, The
j Americans concerned have submitted
I to restrictions. forced upon them by
the German authorities wfcich under
ordinary conditions would never have
I "Now, however, a more serious dif-
I ficulty has arisen. In the course of
j the last ten days several of the com-
I mission's ships have been attacked
j without*warning by German subma-
I lines in flagrant violation of the sol-
I emn engagements of the German
I government. Protested addresses by
j this government to Berlft through the
intermediary of the Spanish govern-
ment have not been answered. The
German government's disregard to its
written undertaking causes grave con-
cern as to the future relief work,
j "Immediately after the break in. re-
I lations the German authorities in
Brussels withdrew from Mr. Whitlock
the diplomatic privileges and immuni-
ties which he had up to that time en-
joyed. ' His consul service to The
Hague was stopped; he was denied
the privilege of communicating with
the department of state in cipher and
later even in .plain language. The
members of the relief commission
were placed under great restrictionb
of movement and communication."
GERMANS FLEE TO MEXICO
Two, Escaped Fronj Philadelphia,
Cross River at Brownsville.
Brownsville.—Two escaped mem-
bers of the interned crews of two
C.erman auxiliary cruisers at the Phil-
adelphia navy yard, crossed the Rio
Grande two miles below Brownsville
and are now in Matamoros, Mexico,
opposite here, according to informa-
tion received at military headquarters
at Fort Brown. American military
authorities have taken the matter up
with Mexican officials in Matampros.
Ttie two men, according to mili-
tary information, were members of
the crews of the German ships ifror.
Prinz Wilhelm and Prinz Eitfel Fried-
rich, and escaped at Philadelphia la?t
Monday. They swam the river Sun-
day evening, it is stated. What action
Mexican authorities would fake was
Other members of the crews at-
tempting to escape were captured by
Philadelphia' navy yard and police
MUSKOGEE MAN WILLlEAD
SUNDAY SCHOOL WORK
OKLAHOMA NEWS OF THE WEEK
Little Happenings From Every Corner
of the State That fio to M;,ke
Ug a Week's History
PROMOTE BRETT AND MILEY
Matson to Succeed Justice Brett Or
Enid.—Dr. A. F. Bonnell of Mus-
kogee will be president of the Okla-
homa State Sunday School Associa-
tion during the coming year. #
The other officers named are. Vice-
presidents, J. E. Nissley of Guthrie, E.
A. Pemberton of Kingsfisher, D.
Rector of Frederick, Mrs. Francis
Miller of Buffalo, D. J. Dillingham of
Waukomis, Rev. C. A. Hendershot of
Shawnee, J. B. Hickman of Durant, E.
M. Byerly of Enid anc^Itev. C. D. Bow-
man of Sallisaw; international execu-
tive committeeman M. M. Hall of
Tulsa; alternate committeeman, J. O.
McCollister of Mangum; recording
secretary, Andrew Kingkade of Okla-
homa City. • U(i>
The report of the finance committee
showed that a budget of $6,453.14 had
been raised during the year and that
after all expenses of the state Sunday
school work had been paid the treas-
ury still carries a balance of *66 32.
REWARD GIVEN TO POSSE
flankers' Association Secretary Mails
$3,000 Check to Noataw.
.The appointment of Judge Ruther-
ford Brett, now one of the judges of
the criminal court of appeals, and J.
H. Miley of Tulsa, a former assistant
attorney general, to the bench of the
supreme court was announced by Gov-
Smith C. Matson, now an assistant g
to Attorney General Freeling, will suc-
ceed Judge Brett on the criminal court
of appeals bench, Commissions •wilt
be issued within the next few days.
In all, thirteen appointments are to
be made to the supreme court and
supreme court commission. Four new
places were created on the supreme
court leaving twg more yet to be tilled.
The governor fctated he would not
name tfee members of the supreme
court commission unt'l appointments
to the supreme court have been made,
as all appointments of commissioners
have to be confirmed by the supreme
Judge Brett was formerly a mem
ber of the commission and was ap-
pointed on the criminal court of ap-
peals following the death of Judge
Henry M. Furm^i. Mr. Miley resigned
as assistant attorney general about a
year ago. He is now attorney for the
Magnolia Petroleum Company.
LAKE LAWT0NKA GUARDED
Oklaboam City.—A check for $3,000
was mailed by Harry E. Bagby; secre-
tary of the Oklahoma Bankers ^\sso
ciation, to J. E. Campbell, president of
the First National Bank of Nowata,
Okla., to be distributed an^ng the
members of the posse which on Janu-
ary 19 shot and killed Oscar Poe and
Will and Harry Hart, bank robbers, in
a battle near Okmulgee.
Those who ar£ to participate in this
reward, which is paid by the associa-
tion through a protective fund origi
nated after the Harrah bank robbery,
C. R. Roach, sheriff of Okmulgee
county; W. F. Robbins, deputy sheriff
of Okulmgee county; Mel oBwman,
chief of police of'Okmulgee; John
Lung, city policeman of Okmulgee;
Hiram Stephens, 'city marshal of
Chelsea, and Buck George, cftputy
sheriff of Nowata county.
German Spy Work at0Lawton Feared;
Lake Supplies Fort Sill.
La\U oi*—Since the discovery in
Oklahoma City of^ plot to blow up
the water, gaS*and lighting plants as
a nart of a sclftme to paralyze the
United J|tates®n event of war with
Germany, armed guards have been
on duty day and night at the Lake
Law-ton-ka dam, fourteen miles north-
west of here. « •
Lake Law-ton-ka furnishes Lawton
with water, and the water supply of
Fort Sill comes from a connection
with the l>awto« mains.
2 AGENCIES CONSOLIDATED
Colony and Red Moon Offices to Be
Transferred to Clinton.
MOONSHINE STILL IS TAKEN
Idabel Officers Destroy Big Quantity
$ of Brew.
Idabel.—Deputies Parks and Neasa
last week brought in a complete moon-
shine still which 'they captured three
miles east of Eagletown, this cijpnty.
The officers found and destroyed 500
gallons of mash. They arrested one ®
man, Noah Hudson, an Indian.
Thif is the third still captured in
this county within the past three or
Morgan Advances Million.
New York.— J. P. Morgan and Co.
have agreed to advance $1,000,000
without interest to relieve possible
embarrassment of the depot quarter-
master of the war department in the
purchase of army*supplies. Recently
the depot quartermaster was com-
pelled to stop payment for supplies
because of the exhaustion of funds,
owing to the failure of congress to
pass the army deficiency bill. One
firm refused to honor a requisition
for flour, saying, "We will do no more
business with the government until
it pays its bills."
Clinton.—Consolidation of the Col-
only and Red Moon Indian agencies
at Clinton is ordered by' the Indian
office. It is expected some of the In-
dian schools will come in with the
agencies. • « •
^he original plan included removal
of several other western Oklahoma
agencies to Clinton. Under proposals
Bubmitted by Representatives of the
Clinton chamber of commerce last
winter the Indian offices are to be in
the city hall.
Who is-to be agent Is not known.
W. R. Dunn is agent at Red Moon,
thirty miles northwest, and Jesse
Smith is agent at Seger agency, Col-
ony thirty miles southwest.
The Dutch Reformed church has an
extensive mission at Colony, which is
ten*miles from a railroad.
Loss of time to Indian land lessees j
was a* principal reason for change.
TO HONEYMOON IN GUAM
Oklahoma Couple Will Go to Amer-
ica's Smallest Possession.
Garber.—Glen Briggs, a young farm-
er residing near Garber, has received
an appointment to take charge of the
agronomy work for the United States
experiment station on the island of
Guam. He is to sail from San Tran-
cisco April 5. Briggs attended the
A and M. college at Stillwater for sqv- |
eral years. He has just been married
to Miss Vollie Price of Ada.
NEWTOWN ACQUIRES NAME
Woodworth Will Be Latest Spot on
Ringling.—At last the wonder bure
of the southeast extension of the Ring-
ling field has a name. The name is
not official but the inhabitants find
it acceptable just the same. It is
Woodworth. That's the same of the
man that leased the lots and enabled
the to\^p to exist. He is W. W. Wood-
worth of Ringling and he's one of the
lucky ones of the field.
Storm Death List Still 34.
New Albany, Ind.—The death list
from the storm which swept New Al-
bany still remains at thirty-four, the
names of two persons previously re-
ported dead from unofficial sources
being eliminated and the names of
two others who died in St. Edward's
hospital being added. Two hundred
convicts from the Indiana state re-
formatory at Jeffersonville were kept
at work all day in the stricken zones
clearing away the debris. The dam-
age was about $1,500,000.
Mining Prospering At Byars.
Byars.—Copper and silver are being
sought by an eastern (syndicate in ter-
ritory west of Byars in range 5, north,
section 2 east, and in range 4, north,
and section 2 east. Test holes have
been drilled all over the area under
which it is believed rich deposits of
both metals exist. If a sufficiently
large deposit is found, a smelter may
be built here. Operations of the pros-
pecting company have been kept se-
cret, but it is reported in Byars that
heavy copper deposits have been
Durant Men Bu^ Jerseys.
Durant.—Dr. J. B. Smith. A. C. Ris-
Ber, C. Dyer and L. F Lee have re-
turned from the Fort Worth fat stock
show, where they purchased the cream
of the Jersey cattle on exhibition,
eighty-five animals, and among them
the grand champion bull, for which
three of them together paid $780. The
other animals all cost in the neigh-
borhood of $300 each, among them
some noted cows and Golden Fern
Knight, only living male of his strain,
for a number of years head of the
Springside farm at Denton, Texas.
Ringling Road May Be Extended.
®Ringling.—The secretary of the
Waurika Commercial Club has re-
quested a joint meeting of represen**
tatives of that club and the Ringling*
Commercial Club looking to efforts to
secure for Waurika the Ringling road,
which, it is reported, is soon to be
extended west. The road officials are
said to have selected Wichita Falls
as the objective, but no statement has
^een made of where they expect to-
make junction with the Rock Island.
Waurika interests are anxious that
the junction be made there.
Royal Neighbors In Session.
El Reno.—Mrs. Hattie Barnes ol!
Guthrie, was chosen as state oracle, to
head the Oklahoma grand lodge of
Royal Neighbors, in the state meet-
ing here. Other officers elected were: t
Vice cyacle, Stella Burger, El Reno:
recorder, Cora Ward. Tulsa; delegate
to the supreme lodge, Mrs. Hart of
Lawton. A class of five was ado'pted..
The Work was given by the Oklahoma
City degree team. The initiatory
work was followed by drills given by
Oklahoma City and El Reno teams
and by a local team of Modern Wood
Eller Gets Life Sentence.
Alva.—Harrison Eller, confessed,
murderer of Joe Files, was given a
life ^sentence in the state penitentiary
when he entered a plea of guilty in
the district court here. Eller attacked .
Files in the Antlers cafe on the morn-
ing of March 5 and in the fight that
ensued Files was killed Robbery wa
believed to have been the" motive tor
the attacK. as 1,675, taken trom the-
cash drawer at the cafe, was found in
Ellers pockets when he was arrested.
325 Gallons of Booze.
Lawton —Oklahoma City's ■thirsty-
element was deprived of 325 gallorife
of bootleg liquor of various assort-
ments when five men and three auto-
mobiles were captured seven milee
southeast of Walter by Sheriff Cole-
.man of Cotton county The men.'lt is
said, were on the way from Wichita
Falls. Texas, to Oklahoma City. Th
men were heavily armed, but sur-
prised by the officers The liquor andl
automobiles were confiscated and th
men are in 1a.ll.
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Roff, Charles H. The Cushing Independent (Cushing, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 9, Ed. 1 Friday, March 30, 1917, newspaper, March 30, 1917; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc276440/m1/2/: accessed December 14, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.