Roff, Charles H. The Cushing Independent (Cushing, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 9, Ed. 1 Friday, March 30, 1917, newspaper, March 30, 1917; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc276440/m1/1/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .