The Cushing Independent (Cushing, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 13, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 22, 1917, newspaper, November 22, 1917; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc276294/m1/1/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .