Barrow, A. E. The Crowder City Guardian (Crowder, Oklahoma), Vol. 3, No. 43, Ed. 1 Friday, August 28, 1908, newspaper, August 28, 1908; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc273472/m1/1/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .