Marshall County Democrat. (Madill, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 29, Ed. 1 Friday, April 9, 1909 Page: 2 of 8
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The gown at tha left is of sevres blue cloth. The skirt Is trimmed, to
simulate a tunic, with a band of soutache embroidery.
Tho corsago is trimmed with bands, straps and motifs of this soutache
embroidery, and is cut out over a chemisette of white moussellne de soie.
The long, tight sleeves are finished with turnover cuffs trimmed with sou-
The other costume Is of wood-brown cloth. The skirt has a narrow panel
of the material at the left side, where it is embroidered with soutache and
ornamented with straps of the same and buttons.
The corsage, with bolero-like front, is trimmed with the soutache, with
passementerie, and ornamented with buttons and little loops of soutache.
The chemisette Is of moussellne de soie and lace.
MOIRE COATS MUCH WORN.
Daintily Adorned and Fastened with
Jeweled and Enameled Buttons.
Smart Parlslnn women are wearing
attractive moire silk coats over one-
(ilece frocks of cloth.
They are made after the dlrectolre
Ktyle, cut away from the waist line In
front to a long point. In the back
They have richly embroidered waist-
coats and revers and are fastened with
Jeweled and onameled buttons. The
wleeves aro scanty and are finished
with a roll-back cuff. Some of the
coats are trimmed with long lines of
buttons, which are of the material.
One excellently good-looking model
is of ash gray moire silk worn with a
gown of chiffon broadcloth in the same
II is short In front nnd slopes away
nearly to the hem of Bklrt In the back
The wide collar, long, narrow revers
and waistcoat aro of apricot panne
velvet, embroidered with silver bullion.
There are turn-hack flare cuffs, caiieht
with big moire buttons, and long lines
of smaller buttons trim the back of the
The hat worn with this costume Is
of apricot satin, rolled away from the
faec on the left side, trimmed with a
band of silver tissue and a loose black
aigrette caught with a wide, barbaric
A POPULAR TOQUE
FOR THE SEPARATE WAIST.
8tyle Must Either Be Extremely Lin-
gerie or Severely Tailored.
To show the unsettled state of the
fashions just now, one authority an-
nounces that thlr Is to be a season of
the lingerie waist par excellence,
while another equal in authority says,
"with the crepes and thin cottons, ex-
quisite mulls and dainty foulards that
are shown in charming combination of
plain colors lingerie gowns arc to be
rather out of the running."
However, one thing seems to be as-
sured. There Is to be no half-way
business. The waist must be vttcy
"lingerie," or It must be severely
For the former, French valenclennes,
hand-made Irish and Cluny laces, and
line hand embroidery aro used In as
great profusion as one's time and
purse will allow.
Morning waists of the tailored va-
riety are mostly of white shirting linen
ov striped madras, fastened down the
front with pearl buttons.
Often the white ones have Cluny
lace set in down the fron\ on each side
of the middle plait, and In the turn-
over collar and cuffs.
The colored ones are usually
untrlmmed, except for iengtliwlsa
tucks of various widths.
This striking little model is of white
fox. The only trimming Is the two
black Mephlsto quills, fastened at the
left of front with a huge cabachon.
Huriap and craftsman's canvas are
much used for cushion covers, nnd
really beautiful effects may be broaght
out with very little effort. A design,
r on vent lounl or otherwise, cut from
cretonc and applied with an embroid-
ery stitch, will make a brave showing
at the expense of little time or trouble.
Another cock leathers drown diagon-
ally across the pillow and worked
with mercerized thread In natural col-
orings. Craftsmen canvas fx one dol-
lar a yard up, SO Inched wide. Burlap
Mother Will Appreciate Gift.
As baby'B little cambric night slip,
flannel dressing gown and night pet-
ticoat were removed, his mother hung
the tiny garments on a pretty little
rack which hung from the back of the
chair on which stood the dressing bas-
kft. When his lordship's morning toi-
let had been made, it was the work of
an Instant to lift, the little rack from
the chair to a place beside an open
window where the crib belongings
were also airing. The handy little rack
was made of half a window-shade rol-
ler, wound with ribbon and provided
with a ribbon hanger, to which was
sewed a big hook for attaching to the
chair back. Smaller hooks were
screwed Into the roller at even dis-
tances and on these the tiny night gar-
ments were hung.
Buttons That Last.
Use white lace buttons on thin
uresses and blouses. The eyes cannot
break, there are no shanks to pull out
and, above everything else, they can-
not be wrung off in the clothes
wringer. The last trouble Is some-
thing that perplexes the average
housewife, who must always replace
buttons after the return of the week's
washing. These buttons are not new
011 the market by any means, hut they
are not as universally used as they
Good for Boys.
Tan stockings and shoes are much
more stylish for spring wear than
plain black, and are specially sug-
gested for boys, who do not wear white
after seven or eight years.
In socks the stripes In contrasting
colors are more popular, although a
great variety In design and In coloring
lias been worked Into the new models.
The plain socks are not much on view,
although later lli«y must inevitably
TRUSTS TAKE HALF
THE REAL SITUATION IN AMERI-
Farmers of the Country Consistently
Fleeced by Tariff Robbers—
James J. Hill Not a Sound
James J. Hill, the railroad magnate,
says that American trusts will break
down of their own weight, and that
the chief problem before the American
people Is to keep up the food supply.
This is equivalent to saying that
scientific agriculture will solve all our
industrial problems—that if we raise
enough wheat and flour we can a>ow
the trusts to plunder us at will •ntll
they exhaust themselves. One can
not resist the conclusion that Mr.
Hill's economic views are shallow. He
is a great railroad builder, and a poor
student of political economy.
Mr. Hill admits that the tariff Is the
"mother of trusts," but falls back on
tha worn-out plea that tariff reduction
will strip the nation's treasury. Isn't
it strange that this western empire
builder should fall to preach national
economy, as he preaches It to his rail-
road subordinates, and to the western
High tariff not only induces govern-
ment extravagances, but increases in-
dividual cost of living. Private and
public economy are the foundations of
national prosperity. A normal tariff
scientifically adjusted, will yield the
government ample revenue for legiti-
mate expenses. A depleted treasury
is the favorite argument of standpat-
ters, who scoff at the idea of retrench-
ment In national expenditures.
But It is tho Individual foot that is
pinched most by the high tariff shoe.
How much better off Is the western
farmer if he doubles his grain output
and finds the cost of living doubled
during the same period? Practically
this has been his experience In recent
years. The fruit of his labor and
skill must be divided with the robber
Again, must the cost of living keep
on increasing until the trusts fall to
pieces through overreaching extor-
tion? Mr. Hill seems to think so. The
preponderance of western American
sontlment Is against this view. The
west believes that an artificial cost of
living can be broken down now by a
"downward" revision of the tariff.
American agriculture may bo des-
tined to play the chief part in feeding
the consuming world. That is no rea-
son why American farmers sht uld be
fleeced by tariff robbers.
Protection Breeds Protection.
The Journal of Commerce of New
York tells of a California fruit grower
who, asking for more and higher
duties on his product, said that it
was protectionism that made protec-
tion necessary to the fruit industry.
Telling of the duties he desired on
foreign fruits, he said, getting these,
the fruit growers would still be out
and injured because of the greatly in-
creased cost of the things that fruit
growers must purchase. The Journal
of Commerce concludes its discussion
of the text presented thus:
"As one demands tariff because an-
other has it and must get high prices
because he has to pay them, so no one
1s willing to give up any duty that
helps him unless or until the others
do it in the same or a greater meas-
ure, and everybody is afraid of hav-
ing the tangle of duties touched iest
something give way. As soon as any
change Is proposed the idiotic cry Is
raised In brainless quarters, 'Don't
touch It; let well enough alone.' If
It Is in prosperous times, prosperity
will be destroyed; If it is in time of
depression, recovery will be prevented.
The disease is acknowledged, but the
patient is too delicate to be treated.
When he is In a fever it is dangerous
and when that has exhausted itself
and him It would prevent his regain-
ing strength. Let him alone as long
as he can endure the spasms and does
not actually die. Is the time ever to
come when we can build on the rock
and have firm foundations, facing
competition unafraid, or must our
structure be forever propped up on
shifting sands with an intricate and
complex mass of artificial supports In
various stages of decay?"
TAX WEALTH; NOV POVERTY. TAKES PLACE OF HITCHCOCK.
Defects in Bill Pointed Out.
'That the new tariff bill Is open to
serious objection because of its com-
plete failure to cut down the savage
duty Imposed on all articles of wear-
ing apparel, both for men and women,
Is not a thing which should be con-
cealed In the Interests of party. So
far as the three schedules mentioned
are concerned, the committee bus not
fulfilled the pledge of the Republican
platform, and that section of the bill
manifestly Is open to tbese objections
which President Taft before his in-
auguration declared would result in a
This is an extract from an analysis
of the new tariff bill being made by
the Chicago Tribune. The three sched-
ules referred to are the woolen, the
cotton and the silk. There was a
fourth which the statement goes on to
set o«t helped make up the big four
that under the Dlngley bill were out-
rageously high, namoly, the schedule of
Iron, steel and the manufactures there-
of. Senator Quay at the time Berved
notice that If this schedule did not go,
as he had fixed It, be would prevent all
tariff legislation. Mr. Aldrich similar-
ly got what he wanted for the other
three schedules. In the present bill
considerable reductions have been
made In the Iron and steel schedule,
hut the others gu untouched.
Vital Flaw In Tariff Bill Introduced by
•The Payne tariff bill does not tax
cofTee. It taxes tea eight and nine
c*>nts a pound. It continues on su-
gar the tax of nearly two cents «
pound, which Wayne MacVeagh, who
was attorney general In the Garfield
cabinet, calls "Infamous" because It
often costs a poor laborer more than
There are some advantages in a
taxed breakfast table. You know what
you pay, and what for; and the gov-
ernment. gets the money, not the pro-
The government surely needs the
money if It is to continue its present
policy of extravagance. Take the war
costs alone. For 1910 Chairman Taw-
uey of the appropriations committee
says these will be; Army, $101,197,-
470; navy, $130,935,199; pc-nslons,
1160,908,908; military academy, 2, 531,-
521; fortifications, $8,170,111; Intemst
and miscellaneous, $115,999,092. Total,
A ten-cent tax on 1,000,000,000
pounds of coffee would produce $100,-
000,000. A 25-cent-a-pound tax on
115,000,000 pounds of tea would pro-
duce $28,750,000; and a tax of 7
cenLs a pound on 5 500,000,000 poundB
of sugar would produce $398,750,000,
or In all $527,500,000—enough to pay
our war bills—unless people stopped
using tea, coffee and sugar, as many
It would cost each average family
about $30 extra—but they would take
more interest in war expenditures.
The present plan coBts them even
more than that, for besides th^ $30
to the government each family pays
toll to private pockets.
How much better than either tax-
ing the breakfast table or taxing near-
ly all the necessities of life, as at
present, would It be to adopt Mr. Mac-
Veagh's suggestion and make "colos-
sal Incomes and colossal accumula-
tions of surplus wealth" pay generous-
ly through graduated Income and In-
heritance taxes toward the costs of
Tax wealth, net poverty-
Democratic Policy the Right One.
The $300,000,000 a year which tha
Payne bill Is expected to turn into the
treasury should carry with it all the
protection that can reasonably be
asked. Surely it will restrict foreign
competition amply to cover tho dif-
ference between the American cost
and the foreign cost of making any
article that can be profitably manu-
factured In tho United States.
Prohibitive tariff is neither in line
with sound finance nor with the de-
clared policy of the newly-seated
president. The Democratic purpose
to fight protective schedules only
when they are prohibitive and not
productive of revenue will have, more-
over, the support of millions of Re-
publicans in the northwest who are
as patriotic in their willingness to
contribute freely to the support of the
government as they are firm in op-
position to monopoly legislation.
The house Democrats also show the
right temper In their purpose not to
oppose items In the Payne bill which
are reasonable and fair. Revision of
the tariff is a business matter, and It
is pleasing to note that the Democrats
in congress are going at it meaning
Salary Uplift Checked.
Even though the sundry civil appro-
priation bill carries a presidential sal-
ary Item of $75,000. Mr. Taft will be
little or no better provided for in this
respect than Mr. Roosevelt has been
for a year or two. In this time the
president has had at his disposal $25,-
000 a year, additional to his discre-
tion, for traveling expenses. Now the
$25,000 travel fund Is merged Into the
salary from which the president must
meet his transportation costs. So
falls the whole movement for salary
Increases among high federal officials,
which had gained such promising
headway earlier In the session. It Is
just as well, considering the low state
of the public troasury and tho hard
times among taxpayers.—Springfield
Possibly the strictest of the civil
service 'reformers would insist that
White House barbers and messengers
shall be employed only after having
passed an examination designed to
test their efficiency, not as treasury
clerks or printers, but as barbers and
messengers. Rut that point may well
be waived. The main thing ti that the
business of transferring men, of re-
lieving them from duties which they
were hired to perform, ought to stop.
Here Is a chance for reform which we
trust Mr. Taft will not pass by. Pos-
sibly also he may be able to get along
with fewer military and naval aids,
and with leas of the trumpet business.
For This Relief, Much Thanks,
Whatever else Mr. Taft may hate
Inherited from his predecessor, he
seems to have evaded the demon's
legacy of Rooaeveltian prolixity. The
length of presidential messages has
steadily increased through many years
until they have come to rival the six
best sellers In their un pruned luxuri-
ance. Napoleon said that he was con-
tent to go down to posterity with his
code in his hand. Should Mr. Taft's
practice continue as it has begun, he
may take his place in the line of the
world's great ones, grasping a single
sheet of typewritten paper contalu-
lng his first message to congresfe.
J. F. Hill in Charge of Republican Na-
Washington.—John Fremont Hill,
the new vice-chairman of the Repub-
lican national committee, has been fre-
quently described by his friends as "a
gentlemanly gentleman of the new'
school." His perpetual urbanity of
manner, affability and genial good na-
ture seem to justify this appellation.
He is extremely likah'e and lias been
IK)pillar In his home state of Maine.
He is considered an exceptionally
It is said Mr. Hill took the vice-
chairmanship with the expectation
John F. Hill.
that it might aid him materially If
either of the Maine senators should
pass away, leaving a vacancy for
which he has ambitions. He has long
bad an eye on the senatorship, but is
too wise to attempt to wrest it away
from either Mr. Hale of Mr. Frye, as
Maine takes much pride in the leading
position these men occupy in bossing
the transaction of public affairs. So far
as being in line for the senatorship is
concerned, Mr. Hill has, for years re-
sided in the house formerly occupied
by James G. Blaine at Augusta.
In addition to other personal quali-
fications tending to popularity, Mr.
Hill is a reputed millionaire and has
plenty of money for the expenditures
es$entl%l to make and retain friends.
Mr. Hill is nearly 54 years old. He
was born In Eliot, York county, Maine,
October 29, 1855. After obtaining an
academic education he studied medi-
cine and was graduated from the Bow-
doin Medical school in 1877. He later
perfected his studies and received a
diploma from the Long Island college
Hospital in Brooklyn. He took up
the practice of medicine at Boothbay
Harbor, Me., and since that time has
been catled "doctor" by those ac-
quainted with that experience. After
following his profession for about a
year he moved to Augusta in 1879, as-
sociated himself with P. O. Vickery in
the publishing bUBiness and has since
followed the avocation of turning out
In 1889 Dr. Hill first appeared in
politics, being elected to the Maine
house of representatives. He was re-
elected and then promoted to be state
senator for two terms. He was subse-
quently elected governor of the state
two terms. He has been a member of
the Republican national committee
from Maine since 1899.
WORLD'S BIGGEST BAROMETER.
Monument to Inventor Erected at Fa-
London.—The biggest barometer In
the world is in the city of Faenza,
Italy. It is a monument to Torricelli,
inventor of the barometer, who was
born In that city just 300 tears ago.
The scale of this barometer is on u
basis of feet where the ordinary ba-
it Is plain enough that the stand-
patters have decided to take advan-
tage of the condition of tho treasury
and urge protection under the guisa
of revenue rates.
Barometer Which Contains Column of
Olive Oil 37 Feet High.
rometer Is measured in inches. The
liquid column Is 37 feet high at nor-
mal. It waB intended to use a 32-foot
column of water, but this was aban-
doned becausc water evaporated too
quickly. Then glycerine was tried;
but with this liquid the normal height
was only 27 feet, which was not
enough. Oilve oil was chosen finally.
The tube rests against a monumental
pillar yf stone. Olive oil Is the light-
est liquid yet used for a barometer.
When a lighter one is made available
a taller barometer may be construct-
ed. Pascal made barometers of wa-
ter and wine mixed. Zophar Mills of
New York, a glycerine barometer, and
Jaubcrt set up one of water In the
famous Tour St. Jacques, the weath
er bureau winter of Paris.
Sunday School Lesion for April 11, 19C9
Specially Arranged for This Paper
The man ffho misses love is likely
to miss Heaven. It may be only ideal-
ization; but after all that Is the soul.
— Tim Sunday Ma.;azlna
LESSON TEXT,—Acta 12:1-11. Memory
GOLDEN TEXT.—"The angel of Hi''
Iah-A encamped! round about tlurri that
fear htm, and dellvereth them."—Psalm
TIME.—Tiie PnnROVt-r feast ("the day"
of unleavened bread," verse 3). April I-*.
A. I). 44. Herod had left his capital.
Caesarea, and was In Jerusalem for 111*
PLACE.—Jerusalem—the fortress of An-
tonla. and the home of Mary, the mother
of John Mark.
RlTI.ERS.—Herod Agrtppa I., king of
all Palestine, the realm of Herod the
(.Jreat, his. grandfather. He was St years
old. Claudius, Roman emperor, A. I'.
Comment and Suggestive Thought.
During our last lesson and this from
four to six years have elapsed. During
that time havo occurred the founding
of the great Gentile church at Antioch
and the calling thither of Barnabai
from Jerusalem and Paul from Tarsus.
The famine, and the famine relief sent
to Jerusalem from Antioch.
V. 1—He "vexed" the r.nureh. The
Greek means to torment, oppress,
which Is the meaning "vex" boro In
old English. As a climax, "he killed
James the brother of John with tho
sword," by beheading, "a mode of
death regarded as very disgraceful ,
among the Jews."—Expositor's Groelt
V. 4—"When he had apprehended
him." There had been some delay and
difficulty in arresting Peter. "Proba-
bly Peter had concealed himself after
the execution of James, but ventured
forth to the feast relying on the sa-
credness of the season, and so gave
Herod's officers opportunity to arrest
The power of prayer, that "was
mode without ceasing (stretched out,
either In time or intensity—either
ceaselessly or 'earnestly,' as the R. V.
translates it) of the church unto God '
for him." The central meeting place
(v. 12) was the house of Mary, the
mother of John Mark—that Mary who
wrote the gospel, and went on Paul's
first missionary journey with his cou-
sin Barnabas. "He may appear, name-
less, in Mark 14:51."—Prof. H. P.
Forbes. There the Christians, going
in relays during the Passover, kept up
a continual supplication for the release
of their beloved leader, and, doubtless,
that he might be upheld in his suffer-
ings, and the cause of Christ prospered
whatever might be the outcome.
Intercessory prayer—"How happy
that in all extremities, and when every
other expedient Is precluded or un-
availing, the greatest of all still re-
mains!"—John Foster. We do not use
this- power half enough, or believe In
it half as strongly as we should.
Peter was In prison till near the
close of the Passover, "when Herod
would have brought him forth."
Peter was not released earlier by the
angel for the same reason that often
causes a delay in the answer to our
prayers—to test our faith aud
strengthen our characters, by the en-
durance of affliction. This waiting,
and the bearing of trouble, teach ns
patience, courage, hopefulness, cheer-
fulness and faith. What school has a
Peter was sleeping quietly, like
David (Psa. 3:5) when Absalom and
all his foes pursued him. "For so he
giveth his beloved sleep," or "In their
sleep" (Psa. 127:2.) It was in the
last watch of the night, between three
ajid six o'clock, for Peter was not
missed at three, when the guards were
changed again. In this "daikest hour
which is just before the dawn" an
"angel of the Ixird came upon him"
(stood by him)—a brilliant presence
radiating light which filled, the cell.
Peter was sleeping so soundly that the
light did not wake him, and the angel
"smote Peter on the side." Keble, In
his poem on the subject, suggests that
Peter may have been dreaming of his
coming execution, aud may have
thought tills stroke was his summons
to it. What a blessed change! Proba-
bly the sftrne stroke served also to
strike off the chains that bound Peter
to the soldiers, who were held in a
V. 8—He was bidden: "Gird thy-
self," that Is, bind his tunic (long un-
dergarment) with the girdle; for ori-
entals do not change their dress when
they go to rest, but merely loosen It.
Over this tunlo he was to throw bis
"garment," the outer cloak or mantle.
Ho was to bind on his "sandals," or
wooden Boles, "the shoes of the poor."
Then he followed the angel, but "wist"
(thought, from the same root as wise)
It was all a dream. "Peter's incre-
dulity as to tho occurrence witnesses
to Its reality."—Burrell.
Note that Peter was fddir. tc do
what he could; It was not all done for
him. Thus It was human muscles
that rolled the stone from the grave
of Lazarus. "In the heart of every
miracle we find these human powers
employed. That Is the spiritual side
of the old proverb, that God helps
those who help themselves."—Rev. G.
The guards (wards) were asleep, or
were kept by supernatural means from
preventing them. The first guard may
have been placed outside the cell door
and the second at the gate leading
Into the street. "The Iron gate," per-
haps of wood heavily plated with Iron,
'.hough It was locked and barred, of
course, opened seemingly of Its own
acord, probably moved by unseen
ansele. The angel led Peter "through
one street," to give a feeling of secur-
ity, and then, because angels always
help men only to the point where they
can hely themselves, he departed from
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Draper, W. G. Marshall County Democrat. (Madill, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 29, Ed. 1 Friday, April 9, 1909, newspaper, April 9, 1909; Madill, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc273301/m1/2/: accessed September 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.