Hooker Advance (Hooker, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 9, Ed. 1 Friday, April 9, 1909 Page: 3 of 8
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STARTING AN ORCHARD IN THE
Pruning and Cultivating Are Necessary to Secure the Best
Results—By Prof. V. H. Davis, Ohio
How a Wife Was Regained at
the Foot of the
The first few years of the life of
an orchard, is the most critical period
of its existence, because neglect is
more likely to occur and the injuries
done at this time can, in many oases,
never be(overcome by subsequent good
care. In my orchard of some 8,000
apple trees are a few hundred each of
pear, plum, cherry and peach, a plan
somewhat as follows was pursued in
selecting apple, pear, cherry and plum
; I took trees not more than two years
| old from bud or graft. In my judg-
| ment, trees of this age will* stand
! transplanting better than older ones,
and in the end will make better trees,
l'each trees £ie large enough at one
i year and should never be older. Trees
| were ordered in the fall for spritig
shipment, at which season, In my case,
they were set out. I bought from the
| large nurseries that grow their own
j stock and deliver direct from their
own grounds. The small nursery in
the locality of the orchard is usually
I preferable for small quantities of
j plants, but is not available for large
i orders. I never buy from agents, be-
I cause I object to paying their comrals-
| sion. The nurseryman who is largely
a dealer is also avoided, for every time
trees are handled the chance of mixing
varieties increases and it becomes
more difficult to fix responsibility in
case of misrepresentation.
Nurserymen are responding to the
popular demand for low-headed trees,
I but they are not low enough yet. The
j first branches should be not more than
30 inches from the ground and less
would usually be preferable. Ship-
ments should be made as early in the
I spring as weather conditions will per-
[ rait and upon arrival the trees should
[ be unpacked and "heeled in" at once.
I Transplanting should be done just as
j early as the soil will work readily,
j The roots should never be exposed
j for any length of time to the sun and
[ wind, and should always go into Ihe
soil wet. In the morning we take up
form the scaffold branches of the fu-
ture top. These should be situated
alternately along the trunk, but never
opposite each other, and should be cut
back to spurs live to ten inches in
length. The others are removed en-
tirely. Each of these spurs will throw
out several branches the first season,
but the ends of the spurs will usually
dry out and begin to decay.
The second pruning is confined al-
most' wholly to the removal of the
dead tips of these branches or spurs.
These are cut back to the base of the
first new branches, and if the wood
shows no decay the wound is left to
heal. If, however, there are signs of
decaying wood, the cut is made at the
HE night had crashed
through the woods
in storm, but the
morning broke in
like a white burst of
spray from a dark,
The ring of an ax cut through the
twitter of birds, and the throbbing
notes of a meadow la.-k'i song. On
the edge of the clearing where Heath-
cot had built his log cabin, a young
pine had been ripped up by the roots,
and in swift flashes, catching the light
as It rose and fell, his ax was denud-
ing the trunk of all branches except
two upper ones which on either side
extended an outstretched arm. Any
other settler would have seen In the
fallen tree only so many cords of
firewood, but in every crude incident
of frontier life Heathcot beheld an in-
ner, spiritual meaning—saw in the
pine felled by the wind a Heaven-giv-
en cross for his Easter standard when
he should preach his great revival ser-
mon on the morrow.
The blood leaped in his veins as he
swung his ax with tireless energy,
and thoughts leaped to his brain in a
rising torrent of religious fervor.
Standing by the compelling form of
the cross rough-hewn from their own
forests by the hand of their own
prophet he would speak to his people
a word of power such as he had never
spoken before—not even in his old
church back in .
A sudden transformation swept over
the zealot's face. The angel had fled
and left only the man, the primitive
man with fierce, elemental love, jeal-
ousy, hate. Crimson surged In his
cheeks; his eyes blazed.
The ax rose and fell, physical la-
bor beating into repression the stress
of bis passion. Hut while he chopped,
cut, trimmed, while he and the helpers
summoned from the settlement bore
the cross through the woods and
planted it at the head of the plaza,
the sense of disgrace that had ruined
his career and driven him Into the
wllderneBS still goaded his soul, for
his home life had been a house upon
the hilltop, its beirayed honor mocked
at by every little dweller of the valley.
And on the following day when the
settlers from far and near cabins gath-
ered in the plaza, and Heathcot rose
from his knees and stood beside the
great pine cross to preach his Easter
sermon, unconsciously it was the
spark of personal anger that lighted
his flaming denunciation of evil.
It was a dramatic scene. Above, a
dull, gray sky. weighed low with heavy
clouds; huddling on both sides and at
the lower end of the plaza, the rude
shacks of the Settlement hlgh-walled
beyond by the trees of the surround-
ing forest; at the upper end a sweep
of open country Btretcnlng green to
the horizon. The cross of pine planted
at this end lifted its clear-cut strength
against the background of the sky.
Equally strong Btood out the frontier
preacher in his top boots, bis cordu-
roys, his crimson sweater, likewise
strong in bearing the men and women
of his congregation who had left the
made ways of pleasantness and peace
to blaze a new trail in history.
Only a man like Heathcot, who lived
and labored and fought with them,
side by side, shoulder to shoulder,
could have touched them, quickened
the spiritual within, nnd the vision of
power that had flashed before him
Four-Year-Old Tree After Pruning.
base of the next branch and so on un
til solid wood is found. Otherwise the
decay will run back into the main
branches, or even to the trunk of the
tree, and eventually cause its death.
Every branch that does not mar the
general form of the top is left on the
little tree during the second season to
bear leaves and manufacture plant
had finished speaking, tears swept the
cheeks of those who dry-eyed had
faced privation, loss, death itself;
those who had feared neither God nor
devil were on their knees; and out
from among them stole a woman of
sin and threw her sobbing form at the
foot of the cross.
As the others watched her, a hush
of awe fell upon them, and breathless-
ly they waited for Heathcot to hurl
the lashes of righteous wrath that
should scourge her soul to fuller re-
For a moment he stood motionless,
his face now white, tense, ablaze with
a scathing light from his wonderful
eyes. Then as though drawn by a
magnet he turned toward the cross,
the trunk of the tall straight pine
pointing sternly upward, two branches
extending like arms outstretched in
He stooped to the prostrate woman,
bent over her, speaking in a low, hur-
ried voice; lifted her to her feet.
"My people," he said in a tone of in-
finite sweetness, "I have a new word
THE PROPER W AY OF PRUNING.
(a) Tree as received from nursery
Same at end of first season,
(b) Same pruned after transplanting, (c)
(d) Same as usually pruned the second
(e) Same properly pruned the second season.
about the number of trees that can be
planted before noon and prune the
roots. These are placed on a sled or
wagon and covered at once with straw,
carpet or burlap and water thrown
over the entire bundle until thorough-
ly wet. Immediately after transplant-
ing, the trees should be well mulched
with hay, straw, manure or any ma-
terial not too coarse.
This mulching Is essential, no mat-
ter whether the clean culture or the
sod mulch system is to be followed.
The mulch not only holds moisture
around the roots, but keeps the soil
loose and mellow. A good tree well
planted and well mulched will make
to give you. God Is—love." He drew
the shrinking woman to his side. "I
cannot preach longer to you today, i
for I have found my wife—who was |
lost—and we must go home together.
Four-Year-Old Tree Before Pruning.
a surprising growth the first year.
| have measured as much as five feet In
our own orchard In Boll considered
food. Root growth depends upon the
leaves just as much as branch and leaf
growth depends upon the roots, and
the root system, weakened by trans-
planting, needs the stimulus of all the
plant food possible in order to renew
the parts destroyed. This renewed
vigor Immediately manifests Itself In
growth of top, and the less the equi-
librium between root and top is dis-
turbed the greater will be the ten
dency to bear fruit so far as the prun-
ing factor alone Is concerned. Sub-
sequent pruning should consist largely
In thinning out the superfluous
branches and wayward growths suffl-
dent to admit proper amounts of air
and sunshine. Many branches marked
for removal the second or third season
may very profitably be left until they
have borne fruit for several years.
Mice Injuries are prevented by clean-
ing up all rubbish In which they might
breed and congregate, keeping the soil
around the tree for two or three fePt
perfectly bare. Frequently a little
mound of earth six or eight tnehei
high Is piled and tramped solidly
around Hie bas«fof the tree. So far an
rabbit injuries are concorntxl, the re-
moval of all brush, briars, weeds, etc.,
In which they are most likely to con-
gregate, together with u liberal use of
'he gun and ferret, have prevented any
serious trouble with me so fur.
Pesteurizlng Milk.—ft |8 generally
conceded that pasteurizing milk nddii
nothing to Its wholesomeness In fact
It Is generally believed that pure milk'
Is Injured more or less by pasteuriza-
tion. Milk that has not been produced
under sanitary conditions and whlcli
may contain disease producing germn,
Is fnr more beneficial and wholesome
If pasteurized than If used In the raw
Pruning Is the one operation of the state. In other words, pasteurization
Easter In Italy.
The boys and girls of this sunny
land spend Easter morning in church.
If they live In or near Rome they will
flurely go to 8t. Peter's, the largest
church In the world. There they see
thousands of lighted candles, altars
covered with lovely flowers, and to
their ears wonderful music softly
floats. After the service Is over the
whole congregation pours out on to
the square facing the church, tnd
turning looks up at a balcony over
the middle doorway. Here a figure la
neen dressed In beautiful robes. It Is
the pope. Aa he rises and lifts his
will Improve faulty products but will
not Improve pure products The beat
authorities agree that It |R better to
r«*ed pasteurized milk to children than
to feed them the average milk as it Is
delivered In the cities. We think that
all will agr.-.- that If they ran get pur.
and wholesome milk pasteurization
will not Improve It for Int.- nt feed
.... . thouaands of heads bow to re-
he was hewing the cross the | celve his solemn Easter blessing-
was fulfilled. When
orchard most neglected or Improperly
done.' Ab to the roots, they require
little pruning, because 50 per ceut. or
more of the root system 1b left In the
soil, even with the most careful dig-
ging. All broken or mangled roots
should lie cut off smoothly back to
solid wood, In order to give the
wounds a chance to heal readily, A
root much longer than the others may
be cut back for the sake of symmetry
and ease of transplanting. Practice of Dehorning.—he horning
After transplanting, the top Is cut affects the cows but Utile In Ihe milk
back to correspond to the loss of: flow and fat production and not nt nil
rootB. Otherwise the evaporation of If done three or four weeks before
moisture from the top may be mor.. calving We have seen a gr<nt manv
rapid than the broken roots can ab | cows dehorned and nH a whole no 111
Borb It. nnd the trees suffer, If not I results whatever come from this prac
die outright. With apple, pear, plum I tlce. It Is a rather cruel operation
and cherry from three to live branch.-s I when the horn is being removed but
should be selected from those on tin- : after the operation Is over the co
tree as It comes from the nuraery, to suffers but little, If any.
"MAN is an ab-
the ash from bis
cigar and beaming
across one of
Herr Lobl's tables
at his bohemian
has said," re-
marked the cynic,
ignoring the sally
"with the easy
mark streak that
is In all of us,
makes the aver
good picking for
queried Fox, draw
ing him on.
"I Bee you are
ly. "I'll prove It
ho you see that
fellow in the writ-
ing room yonder!
Well, he has his
hat beside him on the desk and his
overcoat Is hanging on the back of
the chair on which he sits. To prove
my statement, I will exchange hats
with him and take his overcoat."
"For the cigars?" tempted Campbell.
"Yes, for the cigars."
Sklnkle got up from the table, saun-
tered over to the unconscious victim
and taking a chair next, placed his
hat alongside that of the mau who
was to be robbed. '
The fellow kept on with his writing.
Sklnkle made a few false moves at. the
desk, look the hat nearest the strang-
er, put it on his head and arose.
"I beg your pardon, sir," he Bald,
grasping the man's overcoat by the
collar and giving It a slight pull.
The gentleman glanced about, mur-
mured an apology and slid forward In
his chair off the tall of the coat on
which he had been sitting. Then ha
plunged Into his work once more.
Sklnkle walked out of the writing-
room, left the hotel by the front door
and re-entering the cafe, returned to
the group at the table.
"Well, what do you know about
that?" gasped Campbell. The cynlo
"Say," said Sklnkle to the cynic,
"you think you are so superior, I'll
tell you what I'll do. On your finger
you have a beautiful diamond ring—"
The cynic grunted.
"I'll bet you a box of Herr Lobl's
Ileretus that I have that ring off your
Anger and in my pocket inside of fif-
The cynic snorted.
"Let me take your hand a minute,"
The cynic heBltated.
"Oh, let me take It a minute; I am
not going to slip the ring off your
The cynic yielded.
"That certainly is a beautiful ring,"
admiringly. "Oh—er, I beg your par-
don," bumping against the cynic as
a waiter crowded past.
"Look!" cried Fox, excitedly, "that
fellow Is golug away without his over-
Sklnkle called a waiter.
"Tell the gentleman," Indicating, "to
come over here a minute."
The man came over, wonderlngly.
"Here la your overcoat, Bir," Bald
Sklnkle, rising and handing it to
The fellow looked at It Incredulous-
ly. Then he burst out:
"Was that MY overcoat you took off
the back of my chair?"
It was," replied Skinkle. "I was
merely proving to my friends here
how absent-minded most men are.
Have a clrgar, sir—and I hope you
will pardon me for the liberty, but I
had to have somo victim, and you
"I'll prove It by buying," said the
new comer, signaling a waiter.
As the party arose to go, Sklnkle
called to the cynic: .
"What time Is It?"
The cynic reached for hla watch.
"Here It Is," Intercepted Sklnkle,
handing It to Campbell. "Kindly pass
It back to the gentleman."
The cynic Joined In the laugh.
"And here's your pocket book," con-
tinued Sklnkle. "Kindly pass that
back to the gentleman, also."
Lot's go out and got that box of
cigars," grinned the cynic. "You
® <•) ®
WITH MOTHER A CLOSE SECONOt
"HI, you, Willie! Wat's de matter?"
"Nuthln*. I'm tralnln' for a Mar*,
A Repeated Process.
A filthy fellow applied for a posltloa
as a porter with a large concern where
help was badly needed. The manager
looked him over doubtfully. Finally
he handed him a half dollar.
"Go upstairs and take a bath," h«
told him. "Then come back, and may-
be I'll be able to take you on."
The fellow started for the door.
"And, oh, by the way," the manager
called after him, "if there's any change
left take another bath."—Everybody's
Wa offer One Hundred Dollar* Reward for un
case ot mtarrb tlmt cannot be cured by Hall's
, P. J. CHENEY A CO.. Toledo. O.
"e. the undersigned, have known F. J. ( bene*
for the I ant ID years, and believe him perfectly hon-
orable In nil bunlneea transact iona and Hnanclallr
able to carry out any obligation* made by his arm
Waldino, Kinnan a Marvin,
_ „ _ Wholesale D ruts lata. Toledo. O,
Hall's Catarrh Cure la taken Internally, acth*
directly upon the blood and mucous surface* of tM
system. Testimonials sent free. Price 75 ceota om
bottle. Sold by all DruKKlsta.
Take Uall's Family l'llla for constipation.
"How do yoah 'possum taste, suhf*
asked the solicitous waiter.
"Well," responded the patron whe
had ordered the article, "It tastes pre*
ty good, but It Isn't 'poBsum."
"No, auh," rejoined the waiter; "uf
dat's a sign It's genuine. De genuine
'possum is a great pretender, suh; yaa,
Starch, like everything else, Is b*
/ng constantly Improved, the patent
Starches put on the market 25 years
ago are very different and Inferior t*
those of the present day. In the lafc
est discovery—Defiance Starch—all in-
Jurlous chemicals are omitted, while
the addition of another Ingredient, li
vented by us, gives to the Starch •
strength and smoothness never a^
proached by other brands.
Science and Culture.
Engineer—I've Just been in steam
Lit—Good! You've needed some-
thing like that for a long time.—Wl*
F«ft Ache—I'le A lien's liml-Kna*
OrerSUOtlOtest I mnnlall. Refuse Imitation*. Mendfe*
'rM ^'"1 package. A. 8. Olmsted, l,e itoy, N. T.
It takes a has-been a long time te
find It out.
Parties at which the guests answer
the question. "Why I got married?" are
much In vogue. It Is always so In-
teresting to hear the married peo-
ple try to find some excuse?
Technically speaking. It wouldn't be
half as much fun to bo rolling In
wealth as rolling In a clover bed.
Every man who takes your measure
does not make you a suit of clothes
Get your muck rake down. The
frost Is almost out of the ground!
Many a man's failure can be traced
lo hla wife's desire for 'success.
- tivHon williams
LydiaE. Pink ham's Vegeta-
ble Compound Cured Her.
Willimantic, Conn.—"For five yearn
I Buffered untold agony from female
troubles, causing backache, irregulari-
ties, dizziness and nervous nrostra-
tlon. It was Impossible for me to
on the way. I
tried three differ-
ent doctors and
each told me some-
thing different I
received no benefit
from any of them,
but seemed to suf-
fer more. The last
doctor said notb-
ing would restor*
■ my health. I began
taking Lydia E. I'inkham's Vegetable
Compound to see what it would do,
and I am restored to my natural
health."—Mrs. Etta Donovan, Box
21K>, Willimantic, Conn.
The success of Lydia E. Plnkham's
Vegetable Compound, made from roots
and herbs, is unparalleled. It may be
used with perfect confidence by women
urn va ''"'I JitllCVll/WllUUCIICW l>y VY I lieu
who suffer from displacements, intlam-
mation, ulceration, fibroid tumors, ir-
regularities, periodic pains, backache,
bearing-down feeling, flatulency, indi-
gestion, dizziness, or nervous prostra-
For thlrtyyears Lydia E. Pinkham'a
Vegetable Compound has been the
standard remedy for female ills, and
suffering women owe it to themselves
to at least give this medicine a triaL
l'roof is abundant that it has cured
thousands of others, and why should il
not cure you y
If you miffer from rita, Knlllu* Hl.-kneaa,
tipa«ins or liar* children or frlenda tlmt do no,
n;jr N-w Discovery will relieve I hew,and itli ro«
are as.nl to do U send for FREE llottle
Dr. Mny'a Kpllrptlrlda Cur*.
it hiiMcuivil UiuuhuimIm * in rr *v*ryihlnff *)•*
failed, htfiit five altli direction.,. E*pr
Prepaid. Guaranteed by May Medli'itl Lab-
oratory, ut l<-r ilie National Kood ami Drum
Aet, June .tub, Wirt. lluaranty No. laVTL
flraae glv« AO K and full addreaa.
I)R. W. II. MAY,
S4S Pearl Street, York Cltr
AI.I, UP-TO-DATR IIOl'SKKRKPRM
Use Red Crow Ball Blue. It make* clothe®
i un and sweet as when new. All grocers.
Women know that men will make
fools of themselves If given a chance
—and they give them lots of chances.
Here’s what’s next.
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Moffitt, Jesse S. Hooker Advance (Hooker, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 9, Ed. 1 Friday, April 9, 1909, newspaper, April 9, 1909; Hooker, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc272647/m1/3/: accessed January 17, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.