Tyrone Observer. (Tyrone, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 22, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 6, 1910 Page: 2 of 10
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HOW TO CONSTRUCT A SILO
IN AND OUT OF THE DAIRY.
Have plenty of pure air In the dairy
A clean-minded man always pro
duces clean milk.
Milk and cream are the first foods
of this world and should bo the pur-
fst and most sanitary product which
Do not allow any foul air around
the cow Btubles or places where milk
and cream are kept.
It is hard to believe that there are
dangers lurking in milk. Its very
whiteness bespeaks Its purity, yet
this very quality may conceal the
growth of countless germs, and its
sweetness may lure the drinker into
an m warranted sense of security.
Milk from a cow which has tubercu-
losis does not produce immediate
harm, but many seeds of the great
white plague, consumption, are sown
during infancy in milk.
Don't turn the cattle on the pas-
ture too early. Walt until you are
sure the grass is sufficiently large to
turn them on, then wait a. week or
ten days longer.
Several Kind# of Material Can Be
Used In Building Feed Tank-
Cement I* Aid.
There are several kinds of material
which ':an be used in making a silo,
namely, wood, cement and stone. The
stave silo is very good and gives splen-
did satisfaction. The cement silo is
of newer origin, but Is coming into
use and those that have them are well
pleased with the results. The Gur-
ler silo is a combination of cement and
wood which we think would make a
very good silo, says Hoard's Dairy-
man. While a satisfactory silo can
be made as described by using sev-
eral thicknesses of lumber and pa-
per, yet we believte it is better as a
rule, to saw the lumber into strips
and make a stave silo of them, using
iron hoops to bind them together.
The Gurler silo is made by standing
2x4's on circular foundation and nail-
ing half-inch lumber on the inside of
KEEP GOOD COWS IN DAIRY
Study the Herd to the End That Pro-
ducers Are Known, Then Reject
the Unprofitable Ones.
(BY SAMUEL E. BARNES.)
The owner of a dairy should know
how much profit each and every cow
Why should he feed and milk a cow
that does not produce an ample profit?
Why should he keep 20 cows instead
of ten when the profit is the same?
The only reason for a man's doing
this is that he does not know which
cows are the poor ones and which are
Some dairymen have been induced
to keep careful records of their herds
for the last six months and as a prac-
tical illustration a few of their figures
are given below.
One man who has kept a record of
his herd of 14 cows during the last six
months has increased his net profits
from $47.30 to $122.82 per month—an
Increase of over 100 per cent.
This was done by cutting out the
poor milkers and feeding according to
the amount of milk produced.
Before the records began he fed all
the cows the same, consequently some
cows consumed more food than they
Two other men are keeping the
same number of cows (20), feeding
the same kinds of food and selling
milk in the same city. There is quite
a difference in the results:
One of the herds produced during a
six months' test an average per month
for the 20 cows of 5,926 pounds of
milk, or 296 pounds of milk for each
cow per month. The average of but
ter for the 20 cows per month was
283*4 pounds, or 14.01 pounds per
cow each month.
The other herd produced during the
same time an average per month of
10,679 pounds for the 20 cows—534
pounds of milk for each cow per
month. The average of butter fat
for the 20 cows was 548 pounds per
month—27.4 pounds per cow each
The first man has an annual net in-
come of $756.36; the second man
Does it pay to keep records? The
individuality of the cow must be con-
sidered if a success is made in the
THE STORY OF BIG YIELDS OF
GRAIN COMES FROM EVERY
Cross Section of Silo.
them, thus making a large band. The
2x4's should be set vertical and about
16 inches apart. To the inside sheet-
ing nail beveled lath. These are nail-
ed horizontally the same as the half-
inch sheeting, thus making a double
The accompanying illustration shows
end of a cross section of a half-inch
strip nailed to the 2x4's and the dove-
tailed lath. The laths are covered with
cement to the extent of one-half inch.
This makes a cement lined silo and
protects the wood from silage. The
outside of the 2x4's may be covered
by half-inch lumber and painted. This
will make a very strong and durable
silo, and when the cement shows
wear, caused by the effect of the acid,
it is very easy, when the silo is being
filled, to wash it with cement. The
hemlock could be sawed, and used for
making this style of silo.
A silo 16 feet in diameter and 35
feet high will furnish silage for 35
animals 250 days.
To Cure Hard Milkers.
This is due to an unnatural condi-
tion of the sphincter muscles at the
end of the teat and often what might
be a valuable cow on this account is
one that everybody wishes to avoid.
The proper method of overcoming
hard milking is to wash the teats off
with an antiseptic solution, dip a teat
plug into healing ointment and insert
same into the point of the teat, per-
mitting teat plugs to remain in the
teats from one milking to another.
A few treatments of this kind will
overcome hard milking in any cow,
without danger of infecting the teats
or udder, but even this treatment
should be handled with cleanliness.
Don't Grow common fruit—that is,
common, ordinary grades. There is
always a demand for fine varieties in
the markets. .
Milk with Dry Hands.
The proper way to milk is with dry
hands, with squeezing and not in slid-
ing the operation. Never dip the fingers
in the milk, both because it is an un-
clean practice and for the reason that
the best milking cannot be done with
moist fingers. Where there Is a mar
ket for it cream will bring as much
as butter, pound for pounl.
When the man in the States was
told that he could get 160 acres of
land in Central Canada—comprising
the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatche-
wan and Alberta—that under cultiva-
tion would produce from 20 to 30 bush-
els of wheat to the acre, or if seeded
to oats the yield would be 40 to 60
bushels, he was skeptical. The same
story was told the man who wished to
get nearer to existing lines of rail-
way, and was only asked to pay $10
to $12 an acre. But many tried it,
some one plan and some another. The
man who accepted the 160 acres as a
free gift, as a homestead, and was
willing to put in the required resi-
dence duties of three years has now
a farm worth from fifteen to twenty
dollars an acre. The man who chose
to purchase, and did so, took up his
residence just the same. He has land,
that, in many cases, is worth twice
the money he paid for it. Both have
found that the story of splendid yields
was verified. They have had crops
exceeding that promised; they have
seen oats that yielded 100 bushels to
the acre, and have grown wheat that
averaged 40 and as high as 50 bushels
to the acre. Their wheat was not a
57 lb. to the bushel article but 62 and
63 lbs. They have seen within the
past year or two trunk lines of rail-
way constructed through their district,
and throwing out branch lines to the
gates of their farm. They have seen
schools established in their neigh-
bourhood and the Government con
tributing largely to their expense
Churches have been erected, villages
have been established, towns have
sprung into existence and cities are
rapidly springing up, as if the magic
hand of some unseen conjurer was at
work. But it was not; it was the le-
gitimate offering of the wealth of the
field which made all these things come
about, naturally, and easy. The prai-
rie that three years ago was merely
prairie, a patch of brown, just waiting
for the ploughman, is to-day dotted
with tilled farms and splendid homes.
The line of elevators with their glis
tening metalled fireproof sides and
roofs, indicate the location of the
town and the railroad. There is the
glow of newness about it all, but the
elevator, the splendid store buildings
and the comfortable hostelries denote
wealth, beyond that of the strength
of the man who fashioned and built
them but the wealth of the soil, which
means that the newness will be fol-
lowed by a steady growth. The writer
recently was a passenger over the
Grand Trunk Pacific, the latest fac
tor in this great marvelous field of
development. The rapidity with which
towns were being built up, the farm-
steads occupied, was something even
his experienced eye had not looked
for. Everywhere along the line of
this new transcontinental was the dis-
tinguishing mark of progress. There
was not a mile of the length of the
road from Winnipeg to Edmonton and
west that did not bear token of its
ability to pay tribute to the revenue
of the road. Mention is made of this
line, not because it is the last in
the field, but because it is one of the
best built roads on the Continent and
traverses one of the best districts
of an excellent country. It is well
operated, and already has gone into
active service as another means of
making it possible to secure more
speedily transit from the grain fields
to the shipping centres. It had been
the intention in this article to have
spoken of some of the yields of grain
that have made the farmers of Cen-
tral Canada contented this year, but
space will not permit, so that delight-
ful task will be taken up in another
issue. In the meantime it would be
well for the reader, if he is interest-
ed, to put himself in touch with some
official of the Canadian Government
and get information that might be use-
ful in making a selection for a home
in Central Canada, and become one
of those who will be instrumental in
building up a great country to the
north. In doing so, you will be as-
sisting the United States. In a few
years' time the United States will be
a wheat importer. Canada will sup-
ply the wheat and you will be one of
Eve's New Costume.
Oh, dear!" said Eve, after she had
secured all the best fig leaves there
were to be had, "I'm so unhappy."
"Come, dear, cheer up," replied
Adam. "Things might be worse than
they are. We still have each other.'r
"Yes, but now that I've got to wear-
ing clothes there's no other woman
with whom I, can talk about them."
"He used to kiss me every time we
passed through a tunnel before our
marriage," said the little woman, with
"And does he do so now?"asked the
"No, he takes a drink."
Clear white clothes are a sign that the
housekeeper uses Red Cross Ball Blue.
Large 2 oz. package, 5 cents.
The more talk it takes to run things
the slower they move.
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manufactured Ov *XC
Fig Syrup Co.
SOLD BY ALL LEADING DRUGGISTS
OHESIZEONLY- REGULAR PRICE 50* PER BOTTUE
Many smokers prefer them to 10c
cigars. Tell the dealer you want Lewis'
Single Binder. Factory, Peoria, Illinois.
"Cascarets are certainly fine. I gave a friend
one when the doctor was treating him for cancer
ot the stomach. The next morning he passed
four pieces of a tape worm. He then got a box
and in three days he passed a tape-worm 45 feet
long. It was Mr. Matt Freck, of Miller«burg,
Dauphin Co., Pa. I am quite a worker for Casca-
rets. I use them myself and find them beneficial
for most any disease caused by impure blood."
Chas. £. Condon, I<ewiston, Pa., (Mifflin Co.)
CUT THIS OUT, mail it with your ad-
dress to Sterling Remedy Company, Chi-
cago, Illinois, and receive a handsoma
souvenir gold Eon Bon FREE. 921
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Tyrone Observer. (Tyrone, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 22, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 6, 1910, newspaper, January 6, 1910; Tyrone, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc272296/m1/2/: accessed December 18, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.