Talala Gazette. (Talala, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 7, Ed. 2 Thursday, May 13, 1909 Page: 2 of 4
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ASItlNGTOX. In wooden Arlington just across the
Potomac from the city of Washington 1(5,000 of the
country's dead are at rest.
Arlington holds a sleeping army, and 110 soldier
host ever camped upon a ground more nobly beau-
tiful. Many of t lie great captains of the federal
forces in the civil war are at rest here. Grant and
Sherman sleep elsewhere, though their place is
hero Generals, colonels, sergeants, corporals and
privates are side by side in this burial ground of
the nation, for death, like love, levels all ranks.
The tents of Unionists and Confederate are pitched
not far apart, and no picket walks between. "All
is quiet along the Potomac."
Soldiers of many wars are here. Revolutionary
veterans lie not iar removed from descendants who
met death in the Philippines. The victim of the Semi-
nole rests at Arlington, and with him is the man who
fell before the earthworks of Moiino del Key. Sailors
who served on the Constitution and on the Maine are
in port in Arlington. Jt is a camping ground of the
^ he troopers stationed at Fort Myer can look
thruugh the iron gateway at Arlington and see the
grave of a man who for 71 years was a commissioned
officer of the I nited States army—the veteran Harney
of the old Second Dragoons. He fought in the Ulack
Hawk and Seminole wars, in Mexico, on the plains
and in the war between the states, lie was a soldier
after the soldier's own heart. Harney sleeps uuforgot-
ten of the army.
Xear the Harney monument rises the shaft
bet,oath which lie father and son, both of whom
gave their lives for their country. A little re-
moved is the grandson, killed while leading his
rough rider company hi Cuba. Three genera-
tions of the Capron family are represented in the death
rolls of the American army. Erastus E. Capron, the
grandfather, was killed at Cherubusco; AUyn Capron,
the son, died as the result of exposure and hardship
in the campaign belore Santiago; AUyn K. Capron.
the grandson, was killed while at the front with the
Roosevelt command I11 the charge at Las Guasimas.
The younger Capron's grave is in one of the Spanish
war sections of the cemetery. Near him rest Col.
Alexander M. Wetherell of the Sixth infantry, and Maj.
Albert G. Forse of the First cavalry, who went to their
death together 011 the slopes of San .iuan hill. Capron.
uetherell and Forse sleep under noble monuments.
Scarce the length of a sentry's post from them
the remains of Lieut. William II. Smith, killed at the
head of his dismounted troop of th* Tenth cavalry on
San Juan hill. Smith was as gallant a soldier as the
armj has produced, but save for the government mark-
er and for the (lowers which «omrades place there.
!''S J[r.aVe ls unmarked. Smith's roommate at West Point was William
S upp. The two men as cadets and officers wore inseparable. They
were members of the same regiment and they died together in battle.
In 18,!i William E. Shipp. a country lad from North Carolina, re
ported as a candidate for admission to the United States Military acade-
1115' was a quiet, studious fellow, and made the most of his oppor-
He had dined exceedingly well ana
was standing In the hotel lobby, hat
less, and looking exactly as if he were
quite at home there. It was no won-
der that the hole] guest, walked up to
him and inquired imperiously:
"Where's the news stand?"
The guest glared.
"I'll report you for Insolence," he
"Huh?" inquired ho who had dined
well. "R'port m'?"
"Say, what are you? A bellboy or
a detective or—what?"
"I'm a haberdasher," answered the
other, with a pleasant smile.
The other snorted and withdrew.
;. PILLS A
his memory. Gen. Lawton was
from Indiana. Other states have
honored with shafts in Arling-
ton soldiers far less distin-
guished In the services of their
Gen. Sheridan is at rest on
the lawn in front of the old
Lee mansion, which was the
* manor house of Arlington. A
medallion of the general is on the face of the
stone and below it is the one word "Sheridan."
Nothing else is needed, for the knowledge of all
men supplies the history of the sleeping soldier.
Lieut.-Gen. .John M. Scliofleld was buried
two years ago in a grave not far from that of
the Shenandoah raider. Schofield's grave is 011
a knoll under a lordly oak that 1ms stood for a
century. Near the hero of Franklin lies the body
of Gen. Joseph Wheeler, who died In February,
1!)0S. At the time of his death he was a brigadier
general, though during the lour years of the
civil war he wore the gray of the confederacy.
Wheeler rests In close companionship with his one-time foes.
Gibbon of the Iron brigade, and the sterling soldiers, Cook and
'1 here are legions of dead in Arlington. Nature has made I
the plr.ee beautiful and man wisely has left to her the greater
part of the work. The Mowers and the trees are the native^
growth; the birds are those of the wild places, the woodthrush
and the cardinal, who come back year after year, even though
in this soldiers' camping ground they sing their reveilles vainly.
Arlington house would be a sad place even if there were no
miles of headstones stretching away from its doorsteps and marking
the resting places of the dead. Time cannot kill the beauty of the old
house. Its Doric columns were built to rival the stolidity of the Po-
tomac hills and the mansion itself had its foundations laid and its
walls erected upon the faith of honest workmen. The building stands
white, massive and impress!.e and holds the mind with the mingling
of the strength and beauty of its lines.
The government has done much for Arlington and It has left ranch
undone. It is nothing short of a crime that a mind kindred to that
of the master landscape gardener who saw to it that the natural beau-
ty of the grounds was preserved could not have been brought to hear
upon the ordering of the interior of the old southern home. The
great fireplaces which at the Christmas season were once gorged
with great logs which offered their substance to the flames for the
cheering and the comfort of the guests, are now covered with rusty
sheet iron. Stoves made at Troy, N. Y„ or Detroit, Mich., supply
warmth and make the interior look a crossroads station.
On the walls of the great drawing room, where Robert K. Lee and
Mary Custis plighted their troth, are some printed extracts from
speeches made by fervid orators upon sundry patriotic occasions.
The frames are pine, the paper Is cheap, the printing is poor and in
one or two instances at least the sentiments are tawdry.
On a desk in one corner lies an open register where everyone
visiting this shrine must write his name. In this matter of supplying
a register and making compulsory the tracing of autographs the
government has Bhown wisdom. If the book were not there to give
the average tourist an opportunity to spread his name and resi-
dence in big letters, he would take out his finger restlessness either
in scrawling on the walls or in chipping pieces from the monuments of
heroes who lie without.
Robert E. Lee lived at Arlington until 1861, at such times as he
could absent himself from his army duties. The morning of the 22d
of April of that year he went to the porch of his home and standing
between the two great centra! pillars he looked across the Potomac
at the city of Washington. Then he turned away and an hour later J
was on his way to Richmond to offer his sword to the south, lie
never returned to Arlington.
THEOfANESTj^ij THE MOST
IME UCMTE5T COMFORTABLE
cheapest in the
end because it
_ , _ iO.ToWE* Co. BOSTO* USA.
TowtP Canadian Co. limited Towonto. Camaoa.
T///TLEE/Y/rMS/O/V /}T Z!/?L/LLCrO/L GEMEEEfiy
tunlties. On Saturday afternoon during "release from quarters,"
Shipp went into the room of a classmate a d said: "I've done noth-
ing tut 'bone' mathematics and French for a year. I'd like to read
a novel- the lighter the better. Have you anything stowed away?"
Novels were contraband. Shipp's classmate pried a board from
the base of the pillar at the end of the alcove wall and took out a
book and threw it on the table. The fact that Shipp came from North
Carolina was forgotten and the classmate said: "There is a book
that't pretty good stuff: It's Albion W. Tourgee's 'A Fool's Errand ' "
A day or two afterward Shipp brought the book back. "The
secen® of that story is laid in my home." he said. "It's a libel on
every person and everything in the place. The man who wrote It
wrote maliciously. It is possible that some day he will learn that
something good can come out of the town which he has maligned "
Shipp. a southerner, sprung from the slave-holding class, and.
judged by the Tourgee standard, a negro hater, joined, upon grauda-
lion, the Tenth Colored cavalry. He was leading his black troopers
in the charge at San Juan when he was shot and killed
A patriot had come out of Tourgee's North Carolina town.
A teassive granite bloek stands on the spot where John M. Stot-
renburg lies buried. The men who hurled stones at Stotsenburg gath-
ered them to build a monument to his memory Stotsenburg was
■ captain of the Sixth Regular cavalry. He waB appointed colonel
of the First Nebraska volunteers and went with his command to the
Col. Stotsenburg found that his militiamen were not accustomed
to discipline. He made them drill and he taught them the duties of
a soldier. They resented the process, called him a martinet and were
on the point of asking for hlg removal. The regiment went into bat-
tle and won its fight, in part at least, because of the tutelage of its
colonel. He was killed while leading the Neb rat
ka volunteers in a charge that brought the reg
raent everlasting fame. The men of the commam
raised the money for the monument to their com
Near the "Temple of Fame" is the grave of
Maj. IJscum of the Ninth infantry, who was killed
at Tientsin during the Invasion of China. The
I.iscum monument beyond all question is the
handsomest memorial the National cemetery holds.
This field officer of the Ninth in Initiative and
bravery upheld the best traditions of the American
army and he was deserving of his memorial, but
the shadow of It falls across the grave or Maj. Gen.
Henry W. Lawton, unmarked save by the small
stone bearing a number and a name which the
government places at the resting-place of all who
die in the service, major-general and private alike.
Gen. lawton was killed in the Philippines,
and his funeral was a matter of pomp by his
countrymen, but time seems to have dulled the
edge of remembrance and his state has failed to
honor him with a stone in Arlington, though it
has remembered him in Indiana's chief city.
In justice to the family of the dead soldier It
shculd be said on the best army authority possible
that Gen. Lawton, before his death, put the wish
virtually into the form of a command that no part
of the sum left or given for the support of his wid-
ow and children should be used for a monutr.ect to
BATTLE TAKES NAME FROM CHURCH
By HOWARD ENRIGHT SEXTON.
Early In the year TS'!2 the determination of the union command-
ers to pierce the confederacy in the center led to h gtinboat expedition
up the Tennessee livrr. In military parlance this was a scouting ex-
pedition of the river navy to ascertain the chances of breaking the
confederate lines by capturing a point on the Memphis k Charleston
Eight miles above Savannah, Turin., a cannon boomed from a
high hill on the left bank of the river and a solid shot plunged into
the water among the boats. The leader returned the compliment with
a few shells that .fired a building at the foot of the hill. As the boats
returned a small party landed and captured the hostile gun. They
learned that the place was called Pittsburg Lauding; that it was a
shipping point for Corinth. Miss., and that two miles out was a little
log church railed Shiloh. At the suggestion of Sherman, Gen. Smith
selected this as the point of concentration for the army to operate
against Corinth, and so the great battle takes its name from the peace-
ful little church that sits demurely among its tall oaks on the Corinth
In more than one respect the battle of Shiloh holds a unique po-
sition In the annals of great conflicts. For years the confederates,
who failed In their attempt to crush the union forces and fled from
the field on the second day, spoke of it exultingly as a "great victory;"
the federals, who. although roughly handled, repelled the attacks of
the enemy, could not think of that long and bloody Sunday without
Albert Sydney Johnston, who failed signally In his design, was
exalted to a fame that shall live forever; Grant, who re*lly won the
battle against odds, was in disgrace at its close and but for Lincoln's
clear judgment and the accident of Halleck's recall to Washington
would have passed into obscurity.
With Sherman, the field of Shiloh marked the turn of the tide.
He was 42 years old. but mentally and physically a much younger
man. His career had been varied. A banker, a lawyer, a teacher a
president of a street railroad in all of these, through no fault of his
own, he had been unsuccessful.
At Bull Ruu he had commanded a regiment, whose retreat from
the field he himself had reported as "disorderly in the extreme." His
judgment as to the magnitude of the struggle was so much clearer
than that of his superiors and associates that he had been considered
insane. >ears after those who bad relieved him from command denied
that they had ever regarded him as "mentally unsound," even while
acting as they did. His unselfish support of Grant at Donelson won
the star of a brigadier, and after Shiloh no one ever spoke of the man
who, twice wounded, still animated his men as "Craxy Bill Sherman "
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Stapleton, William H. Talala Gazette. (Talala, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 7, Ed. 2 Thursday, May 13, 1909, newspaper, May 13, 1909; Talala, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc184042/m1/2/: accessed January 28, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.