Chronicles of Oklahoma, Volume 8, Number 2, June 1930 Page: 241
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MEMORIES OF CHIEF CHARLES
CHIEF CHARLES TO-IIEE of the Iowa tribe of Indians died at
his allotment home, southeast of Perkins, Sunday, March 2, 1930, and
was buried with tribal and Christian ceremony Tuesday the 4th. Charles
To-bee was born in Kansas in the year 1870, and in the early '709 came
with his tribe to Indian territory on a reserve known as the Iowa, and
villaged on Bear creek, near the present town of Fillis. In May, 1890,
he signed the treaty selling to the government his tribal rights and
received his 80-acre allotment. Married Maggie Lincoln, and was as
successful at farming as he was a chief of his people. Having grown
to manhood without schooling or the environment of civilization, he was
among the first to adopt the white man's way. Ever faithful to the
treaty, To-hee in 1870, to be the true friend of the white man, also stipu-
lated that ns long as he so conducted himself all white men would so
respect him. The coming of the whites in 1889 in old Oklahoma adjacent
on the north of Cimarron river, was an inspiration to Charlie, as he
knew that soon his own country would be settled ; the hunting-ground of
his youth, and the chase, village and scattered tepees, council fires and
range cattle, the only industry, would become homes of the paleface; the
cowboy, the plowboy, council fire smoke, plants of Industry, the war-
whoop an echo; a home and a friend with his white brother, and all
will be hoa-hia.
His dream came true, his allotments home was typical of his white
neighbor ; neat, sufficient out buildings, kept painted ; fruit, garden and
livestock ; the home interior is neat and convenient; the walls adorned
with primitive and modern pictures of relatives and friends. He loved to
converse of the old and new way, and many pleasant meetings I have
had with him since I first knew him at the old Iowa v-illage in 1886,
when he and his people lived on game, and the rations they drew from
Uncle Sam at the Sac-Fos agency. His grandfather To-hee was the
second chief in Nebraska in 1870. Upon the death of his father, Billie
To-hee, the blind chief, in the early '90s. Charlie became cilef ; now an
his death, his brother, Dave To-hee, believed in God, united with the
church in 1922, and was made an elder. He had a presentment, as he
told his grandson he was going to live with Jesus, and leave him and
the people to fight the devil. True to his Indian belief, he was buried
facing the south. A portion of his belongings were placed in his grave;
some money, his pony, blankets and trappings were given to his friends,
the writer being remembered as one of them, of his hat, lariat, cane and
blanket. To the north at his head floated a white truce flag, with a
square cross pointing east, west, north and south, denoting peace, and
hoa-bon, good-good. Soloment Kent talked in his native tongue, eulo-
gizing his chief and friend. Rev. Carl Stone conducted the funeral ser-
vices, the Misses England, sisters, sang "Safe in the Arms of
Jesus." The Old Settlers' Association of Oklahoma, of which Chief To-
hee was a member, expresses this sentiment: "Has not our comrade
achieved, as son, husband and father, leading from primitive footpaths
unto modern home, civilization and God. Could more be. In our Father's
hoase are many mansions, and one prepared for you."
FRANK C. ORNER.
MRS. ATHENIUS M. FOLSOM COLBERT
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Oklahoma Historical Society. Chronicles of Oklahoma, Volume 8, Number 2, June 1930, periodical, June 1930; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc1826929/m1/113/: accessed January 29, 2023), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.