Oklahoma State Register. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 25, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 1, 1915 Page: 1 of 8
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OLDEST PIPER 1THI.ISHED
Oklahoma State Registi r
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 26.
PLACES SERVICE ABOVE
PABTY POLITICS, FRIEND
OF SCHOOL LAND LKSSE9
GUTHRIE, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY,JULY 1, 1915.
Billion Dollar Balance In U. SJ
Foreign Trade In Spite of War
$1.00 PER YEAR
announcement, "which became pro-
nounced about the commencement of
the current y&ir, continued in May at
an accelerated rate, imports amount-
ing to $31,13(3,311 against $1,972,411 in
May, 1914. Gold exports totaled $1,
277,f>."4 compared with $16,835,202 in
May 1914. In the eleven months end-
ill LLIO > OOLLAK BALANCE IN I.
S. FOREIGN Tit are IN SPITE
Washington, June 30.—A billion dol-
lar trade balance—the greatest in
American history—in a year which has
seen commerce depressed by eleven
months of world war, is the commer- ing May 31, 1915, gold imports totaled
cial record of the United 'States. Of- $119,227.01*5. An increase of $66,605,
flcial announcement was made today at 468, while gold exports aggregated
the department of commerce that with $143, 402,169 an increase of $79,670,-
the dosing of the fiscal year at mid- 695 over a like period a year ago." The
night it was certain the (billion dollar nearest approach to the billion dollar
mark had been passed. record was in 1908, when a favorable
"The figures for eleven months, end- 'balance of $666,000,000 was shown for
ing*.May 31," it was announced, "show the United States. In 1914 the balance
a favorable balance of $938,117,479. dropped to $470,000,00. The last time
As thirteen ports which ordinarily it showed against the United States
handle ninety per cent of the country's
foreign trade show for June an export
balance of approximately $60,000,000
it is now known that the excess of ex-
l orts has at this date exceeded one
was in 1893.
This billion dollar balance for the
fiscal year is distinct from the billion
dollar net balance which government
officials have predicted for the cal-
billion dollars, surpassing by nearly endar year. To arrive at a net bal-
$400,000,000 the highest record here- ance there must be subtracted from
tofore made. the gross balance interest on the
The showing was considered all the United States debt held in Europe
more gratifying because it was made tourists expenses, ocean freights,
Of the Week'
,nos, evonmil maneuvers of the war In week* culminated In the oertipation of Lemberg, the capital of (iallola Austria l>v
the Teutonic armies; (be Russians evacuated In orderly retreat. Before Kotnii to the summer White Mouse at Cornish N H
President Wilson named Robert l--.11si.115, former counselor, as the secretary of state. The president also posed for n'picture
, , . . with Ellen McAdoo. his new graadchllii. After commuting the sentence of I.eo Frank to life Imprisonment Governor Sin I
(.eoiKl'. declared martial law around his home. Harry Thaw gained |K.lut, an.l trial by Jury started for test as to his sanity. Seventy Ave thousand saw the
super Dreadnought Arl*oua as slip left the ways at .New York. Belgian schoolshlp I.Avenir. with cadets Hboard, arrived from It
Kranee as a merchantman
despite the paralysis of ocean ship-
ping and the stagnation in the cotton
market which depressed America's
second most valuable crop.
Department of commerce experts
moneys transmitted home by alien res
idents and numerous other items.
The big expert business done by the
United States during May !has led to
reiteration of predictions of the billion
point out the immense trade balance dollar net balance. The sudden de-
is not owning to orders for munitions crease in exports for the last week of
of war. In fact manufacturers other June was believed to have been due
than of fr'od stufTs 'have been less than to exceptional circumstances, such as
in the similar period before the war. the absence of sailing during that per-
conditions. Because of this fact and iod.
the extraordinary shrinkage of ex-' Unofficial estimates on the increased
ports of crude materials, it is found balance credit more than $400,000,000
that the net increase in our total ex-
ports has been not wholly in food
The movement of gold between tihe
United States and the outside world
to bread stuffs. A gain of $60,000,000
is anticipated in animals; $25,000,000
in automobiles, and $45,000,00 in meat
and dairy products
The prediction is made that exports.
which at the beginning of the war of explosives will be at least quadru-
•was a subject of great concern, has pled and fire arms doubled. This,
•been revealed in overwhelming ratio however, would credit the total value
and represents payments for Ameri- of explosives and fire arms with but
1 an exports. little more than one per cent of the
"The Inward flow of gold," says the total value of exports
ASKS OP!.MO3 O.N SCHOOL FUND. BRYAN DEATH TRAGEDY >0 .HOIIK
| COMMON EH ALWAYS REVIVES
(Secretary Smith Would Set Aside DECLARES GORE
One Per Cent of interest lor j Denver, Col., June 29.—I have wept
Maintenance Fund. (at so many funerals of William Jen-
" nings Bryan that the occasion now
Oklahoma City, Ok., June 26.—Secre- ceases to be a tragedy. He always
tary George A. Smith of the School come back to life." Thus spoke Sena-
Land Department has asked Attorney tor Thomas P. Gore of lawton, Okla.,
General Freeling for an opinion as to as he was boarding a train at the
whether a maintenance fund may be Union station Tuesday morning, bound
established for the home ownership de- foi« ('anon City, where he delivered an
partment of that office by settingaside address ^Tuesday night. Senator Gore
1 per cent of the interest received on is one of President Wilson s most ar-
the 6 per cent loans for such purpose, dent supporters and declared that
The law provides for a maintenance Bryan took the wrong time to resign
fund from the premiums received for as secretary of state. "But he will
bonds issued upon the securities of the come back to life. He is bound to."
department, but it will ibe a year or 1 said the senator. Senator Gore an-
more before any bond issue, such as •nounced at the meeting of the national
the law contemplates, will be avail-j democratic committee in Washington,
January 8, he will urge that the next
The theory of using 1 per cent of the democratic nation convention be held
interest is founded upon the fact that in Denver.
the common school loan fund is placed
at 5 per cent interest and the interest
in the home ownership fund is at 6 per
cent. The difference of 1 per cent is
assumed to be available for mainten-
ance on the presumption that the net
interest sought is 6 per cent, the
same as in the farm loan department.
MOONLIGHT SCHOOLS URGED.
Oklahoma City. Ok., June 28.—Fol-
lowing the visit to the several State
Normal Schools of Mrs. Cora Stewart
of Kentucky, protagonist of the
moonlight school for reduction of il-
literacy anions adults in Kentucky.
organization or societies in the normal j such as characterizes the true para
schools is being urged and some such noiac.
societies have ibeen formed. In her J Thaw knew that White had been
freeing the country from lllitrawtl H ' nntagonistlc to him In an unpleasant
lectures at the normal schools Mrs. | way." lie said. "He wanted to net ev-
S tew art has shown the necessity of; en with White. His act was the pro-
freeing the country from Illiteracy. duct of a sane inlnd. which, after he
THAW NOT INSANE \VI1K\ WHITE
New York, June 29.—Dr. Charles P.
Bancroft, head of the New Hamshire
State Hospital for the Insane, and a
member of the federal commission
which examined Harry K. Thaw dur-
ing his sojourn in New Hampshire,
swore on the witness stand today that
in his opinion Thaw not only was
sane but always had been sane. ^>oe-
tor Bancroft testified as an expert
alienist in the Jury proceedings to de-
termine Thaw's mental condition.
"The act in killing Stanford White,"
Doctor Bancroft said, "was not the
products of a systematized delusion-
and has pointed out the way. What
.has been done in Kentucky has shown
that the plan is practicable.
The summer school at Edmond Nor-
mal to the number of more than 2,000
enthusiastically united in support of
the movement and will undertake to
spread the plans for education of the
adult illiterates of Oklahoma.
had indulged in champagne, suddenly
lost control of its effect."
"Then you believe Thaw never was
insane?" asked Deputy Attorney Gen-
"I do," was the reply. "Another rea-
son for my belief is that Thaw ex-
pressed regret for his deed. A para-
noiac never expresses regret."
AN APPEAL TO PEACH RAISERS-
PLEA FOR MARKETING
MISSOURI, KANSAS & TEXAS IJXES. INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT.
St. Louis. Mo., June 10. 1915
Editor Oklahoma State Register:
We have received numerous applications for tracks within the peach
growing territory for the loading of peaches. We have held in abeyance ^
definite action on such tracks awaiting a determination of the growers in
the matter of organization. As satisfactory organization has not been ac-
complished we fear that shipments from prctically all the producing ]>oint8
will be greatly reduced, as we do not believe the growers will be willing
to ship their fruit under consigment and take a loss; and as we have
t>een unable to determine what value of traffic would be secured to our
line by the construction of such tracks, we will probably decide not to
build any tracks within the peach growing sections other than those
which the growers are willing to pay for entirely
The danger to our company in the matter of building tracks for load-
ing peaches has always been great, for the reason that unless the peach
growers in Oklahoma can be persuaded to adopt different methods for
caring for their crops and for marketing of the fruit, they cannot hope
to make any money, and failure to make money will force discontinuance
of loading and use of track.
When weather conditions are favorable there is usually a large crop
in Oklahoma, and when Oklahoma has a crop Arkansas is similarly
favored. As the peaches from Oklahoma and Arkansas move about the
same time, and after the Georgia and Texas crops have been moved, the
peaches from Oklahoma must be mrketed at a time when house-wives
are ready to can peaches and are demanding the fruit at a reasonable
price. This refers, of course, to the "Elberta" peach and not to the early
Heretofore the Arkansas and Oklahoma peaches have been very gen-
erally shipped under consignment to be sold on the open market at St.
Louis. Kansas City or Chicago. The shipments from Oklahoma alone are
greater than these three towns can consume. When the Arkansas peaches
under consigment are added to those from Oklahoma the makrets at
St. Louis, Kansas City and Chicago are greatly oversupplied. Dealers in
other cities in Northern and Eastern territory are fully aware of the
method used by the peach growers, and knowing that there will be a
surplus shipped into St. IjouIs, Kansas City and Chicago, they wait until
this condition prevails to buy f. o. h. track either at St. Ijouis, Kansas
City or Chicago at very low prices, which prevail in St. Ix)uis, Kansas City
and Chit-ago. because of an over supply.
This condition can be corrected, but it has not been up to this time.
This is the prblem of the Oklahoma Peach Grower. The growers seem
unwilling to attempt to collectively remove the trouble. Until such time
as practically all the growers throughout the state can be induced to adopt
lhe same method we fear that the marketing conditions cannot be im-
proved, nor the price held to a reasonable and remunerative basis, for, al-
though, an organization may be created in one county or peach growing
district, having for its object the proper selection, packing and shipping
of the fruit, and the growers in the district may be agreed as to the
method of selling, these growers cannot have great influence on the
situation because of the methods used by growers in the markets in other
sections who ship under consigment to the very markets where the or-
ganized growers are attempting to sell and the principal benefit which the
organized growers will receive from their organization will perhaps be
that of more careful inspection and selection, which will enable them to
place only first class stock on the market. Of coures, when there is a
large crop of inferior stock will not have ready sale. It is our opinion
that growers who ship inferior fruit to the market this year must take
We have in past seasons and repeatedly cautioned the producers in
the matter of selection, only to find that when the shipping season has
begun, the growers hace continued their previous methods of permitting
all classes of fruit to be loaded in the same car, and many shipments
have reached St. l^ouis, Kansas City and Chicago markets in a condition
which made them practically worthless.
This year we attempted to interest a large retail concern, controlling
250 stores in St. Jjouis, Cincinnati, Columbus, Dayton and Hamlinton, viz:
theKroeger Grocery Company, in the matter of marketing the peaches
produced in Oklahoma on our lines, or approximately one thousand cars
After considering the matter a week, and making inquiry among com-
mission men in St. Ijouis who have had previous experience in buying
f. o. b. track points of origin, they notified me on Monday of this week
that they could not afford to undertake to handle the Oklahoma peaches
in the manner suggested. They stated that they would however, on
account of our having submitted the proposition to them, give preference
in thier buying Jto Oklahoma peaches provided they were of equal quality
with shipments from other sections and could be purchased at the same
We have concluded to write this letter to our agents and other
interested persons, that they may be advised of the conditions as we
believe the growers will find them at the time of marketing, hoping to give
the most wide-spread distribution of the information contained herein
among growers and other interested persons that they may exercise the
greatest amount of care in the selection of fruit which they ship, and
thereby reduce to the lowest possible minimum the difficulties which will
be encountered in the marketing this vear
It may have been entirely possible to market the Oklahoma and
Arkansas peaches f. o. b. track at points of production if concrete action
among the growers could have been obtained. We believe that it is now
too late to make additional efforts in this direction, and as no general
organization has been created or arrangement made for selling only f. o. b.
track at production points, we believe that the growers must arrange
according to their own inclination and best judgment to protect their
With few exceptions the Oklahoma growers have not so far ordered
baskets or packages for packing their fruit, and while some organizations
have been perfected contemplating the employment of expert packers and
Inspectors, a sufficient number of organizations have not been perfected
(Continued on pace 4.)
VIC GIEKINGEIt GETS NEW TRIAL
Jefferson City. Mo., June 20.=—'The
Supreme Court reversed and remanded
today the case of the State against
Vic Gueringer, convicted in Kansas
City of having attacked Mrs. Gertrude
Shidler, a nurbe, in March. 1914.
Gueringer was under sentence to hang.
The case wes reversed because the
trial court allowed Gueringer only fif-
teen minutes in which to file motion
ior a new trial.
The verdict of the jury which found
Gueringer guilty returned at 11:46
o'clock the Saturday night before the
January term of court expired. His
attorneys maintained they did not have
time between the verdict of the jury
and the expiration of the term of court
to file motion for a new trial. As a
result the motion was filed the Mon-
day following and refused by the trial
judge because it had not been legally
The opinion today was filed by Judge
Farris. Gueringer now will have to be
Two men jointly indicted with Guer-
inger are in the penitentiary.
Kansas City, June 29.—The assault
of Mrs. Gertrude Shidler occured in a
room in the downtown business dis-
trict, where the woinau alleged she
had been lured. Gueringer was al-
leged to have been the leaden of six
men who attacked her.
Floyd Jacobs, prosecuting attorney
of Jackson County, was not in his of-
fice when news of the decision reached
here. He said recently it would be ut-
terly unfair to the state if Nueringer's
case was reversed.
'It would probably mean that Guen-
inger would go fre£," said the prose-
cutor, 'while men less guilty. Harrison
and Ijewkowitz are serving their prison
terms. I don't know what sort of a
showing we could make In another
trial. It is doubtful if Mrs. Shidler
would come to Kansas City to testify
again. She nearly broke down last
Mrse. Shidler is said to be in In-
The Supreme Court recently affirmed
the sentence of Maurice I^wkowitz,
who lurfcd Mrs. Shidler to the place.
Oscar Harrison, one of her assailants,
was sentenced to twenty-four years in
prison and the Supreme Court affimed
his sentence. There is no appeal for
these men. They must serve their
sentences unless paroled or pardoned.
HOUSE RACE MATINEE AND GEN-
ERAL FOURTH CELEBRATION
There will be a big program of
horse races at the Cimarron Valley
Fair, a Farmers Woman's auxiliary
picnic at Mineral Wells Park, with a
musical program, and the rural Mail
Carriers will have a convention—all
on Monday the 5th of July.
In fact there will be a general
Fourth of July celebration on that day
and all the stores will be closed.
WRING VNGRY SPELL W. JEN-
NINGS URY AN WMI IT'S HI'S
Former Secretary of Slafe I* Unable
ti .Make Other End hi' Telephone
Know He Was B-r-y-N-n.
Chicago. June 29.—William Jennings
Bryan was obliged to repeat his name
five times and then spell it. before
his identity was recognized by who-
ever answered the telephone at the
home of Carter H. Harrison, former
mayor of Chicago, yesterday.
The former secretary of state cal-
led iHarrlson's home, and on learning
the former mayor was not there, asked
that he call Mr. Bryan at a hotel on
"Yes—Bryan." the former secret-
ary of state shouted over the tele-
phone. "The initials W. J. Yes. W. J.
Bryan. B-r-<y-a-n—B-r-y-a-n—W. J.
Bryan, of Lincoln. Neb. No, not Ryan.
It's Bryan—B-r-y-a-n. Tell him I had
hoj>ed to see him. Thank you."
"Suoh Is fame," commented Mr.
Bryan as he hanged up the receiver.
GUT READY FOR A FAIR EXHIBIT
This is the time ti pick out good
bundles of wheat, oats, grasses, alf-
alfa, etc., for showing at the fair this
fall. Select bundles of the straightest,
tallest and best, not over five Inches
In diameter, cure in the shade and
and hang up In a dark well ventilated
place away from rats and mice; bring
them to the fair and get some nice
premiums on them.
GOLDEN WEDDING OK MIL
MRS. JOHN MET/
t'OYLE-GUTHRIE PLAY BASE BALL
The following line-up will play ball
Sunday afternoon between Coyle and
Juthrie. The line-up for Coyle is:
Tlartzel, c.. Williams p., Gibsan 1 b.
Martin 2 b.t Gephart s. s., Hill 3 b.
'ohee I. fl. Rhodes c. f.. Minnick. r. f.
The Guthrie Blues line-up i :
Jackson c.. Summer. p.,Bourdette 1 b.
Freshour. 2 b.. Darling s. s.. Webb. 3 b..
Herman I. f., Blakelv, c f.,.J. Jack- Mr. Metz
son, r. f. ice plant.
Mr. and Mrs. John Metz celebratted
their golden wedding anniversary last
Sunday. Fifty years ago last spring,
John Metz with his brother left the
home of their birth, Bavaria, Germany,
seek their fortunes in a mew
country. At about the same time, Eli-
zbeth Lelbrick. who was born at Ann-
weiler, Germany, on November 12,1846,
planned a trip to Buffalo New York to
visit to her brother. The two boarded
the same ship, total strangers, but the
loneliness and sickness of the young
girl touched the heart of the young
man, so that when they landed In New
York on May 15, 1865, their fate
was settled and six weeks later, on
June 26 the young people were married
at the home of Mrs. Metz brother in
Buffalo. Two years later theysettled
In Burlington, Iowa, where they re-
mained over twenty years until the
opening of Oklahoma in 1889. Since
tthen they have resided in Guthrie.
Their six living children all attended
the golden anniversary. They are
William and Karl of Burlington: Ear-
nest and Julia M. Furrow of Guthrie;
Anna M. Banta and Oscar Metz of
Wichita, and their grandchildren, Wal-
ter of Burlington, Blanche Furrow
Hill of Tulsa, and ESdward Furrow of
Guthrie. A large number of Guthrie
and l/Ogan county friends also helped
to celebrate the event.
Mr. and Mrs. Metz are in robust
health. They have lived in the same
house on West Noble avenue since the
first year, as it was the first first class
frame house built on the West Side
is engineer in the Braun
Washington, June 30.—'The Domin-
ion treight liner Armenian, flying the
British flag and carrying mules from
Newport News, Va., to England, was
torpedoed and sunk on Monday by the
German submarine U-28 off Cornwall,
England, and nearly a score of Amer-
ican muleteers aboard are reported
lost, according to message* received
by the state department today from
t onsul John S. Armstrong, Jr., at
Bristol. Twenty-nine men were lost
and ten injured.
1 he news created a sensation in
official quarters as it was the first case
of loss of American lives since the
sinking of the Lusitfenia. The Gravity
of the incident, however, and the ac-
tion of Cie Washington government
depends almost entirely on whether
| the Armenian was chartered by the
Hiiu-sh government and was 'n fact a
transport of war, aboard wmica Amer-
icana would sail at the Crown risk or
whether she was an unarmed mer-
chantman. In the latter case, even
though carrying contraband the ships
should have been subjected to visit and
search and those aboard transferred
to a place of safety before Cue destruc-
tion of the vessel.
In absence of official information on
these points officials declined to say
what effect the sinking of the Armen-
ian 'would have on pending negotia-
tions between the United States and
immediate inquiry was directed to
Ambassador Page at London to secure
more details and when Secretary J^an-
sing returns tomorrow Ambassador
Gerard will be instructed to inquire of
the GGerman admiralty at to its re-
From the messages received, it ap-
pears that in addition to the torpedo,
at least oue shot was fired from a dis-
appering rifle. The counsul's report
said the wireless was "taken by Cue
second shot." It was not made clear
whether the .Armenian was first ex-
pected to halt and resisted capture,
requiring a second shot, or whether
the submarine attacked without warn-
ing. The fact that the number of the
submarine was given indicated that
she had come to tne surface to make
Mules are contraband of war, ac-
cording to all the lists of thebelliger-
ents, so there could b£no roubt as to
contraband character of the Armen-
ian's cargo. Officials will make an ef-
fort to learn w hether the vessel was
armed and whether she was a part of
the British) naval forces, before the
opinion of the state department on th
case will be disclosed.
Wilson is Given All Details.
All the dispatches received were tel-
egraphed to President Wilson at Cor-
nish, N. H., and Secretary lousing at
Amherst, Mass.. and it was communi-
Amherst, Mass., and it was considered
probable that they would coin muni
cate with each other while in New
England. The messages from Conul
Armstrong did not show clearly just
how many Americans were lost. In
his list of Americans missing he
named 23 muleteers, eight whites and
15 negroes, were unaccounted for. but
later telegrams spoke of Dr. J. 8. Viso.
a Porto Rican, and three negroes as
having been picked up by a subma-
rine and other survivors by a Belgian
trawler and transferred to two Brit-
ish destroyers, which brought them
The list of missing as finally made up
tonight from -Consul Armstrong's re-
|K rts included the following white
J. M. Monroe. New Ortehus; B. M.
Granberry, Montgomery, Ala.; S. R.
Sutton. Cartersville, Va., E. William-
son, St. Louis. Mo.; Harry Stone, New
York City; Brown (cattle carpen-
ter), Harrisburg, Fa.; Dr. J. S. Viso,
Porto Rico; R. H. Brooks or West,
(chief fereman of muleteers), I^ondon,
Twelve American negroes, muleteers
aboard the Armenian, were listed
among the missing. All were from
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Golobie, John. Oklahoma State Register. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 25, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 1, 1915, newspaper, July 1, 1915; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc169496/m1/1/: accessed December 7, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.