The Herald-Sentinel. (Cordell, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 36, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1914 Page: 3 of 8
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CORDELL, OKLA, HERALD-SENTINEL
Is a protection and guarantee
against alum which is found in
the low priced baking powders.
To be on the safe side when buying
baking powder, examine the label and
take only a brand shown to be made
from Cream of Tartar.
How It Is Done in Europe and May Be Done
in America to the Profit of Both
Farmer and Consumer
By MATTHEW S. DUDGEON.
(Copyright. l:il4, Western Newspaper Union.
SAVING RURAL IRELAND
One Year, One Dollar j Six months Fifty Cents
Issued Every Thursday Afternoon.
M, H GUNSENHOUSER,
Editor ahd Owner.
[Entered at the postoffice at Cordell, Okla., as second
Would it be inconsistent with the good morals of our
town if those young people who were restrained from dan-
cing1 the itangp, bunny hug. etc., to circulate a petition to
closeQthe Baptist church for a short time until some of the
members get caught up in their side lines. If the stories
that we hear are true, we believe house cleaning should be-
gin at home, and worked vigorously.
Ireland Cannot Starvo With Such Crops as These.
Dublin, Ireland.—Poverty and dis- j [a 1394 the co-operative m6vement
ress and squalor and hunger is still I ima become so great that there was
present, in the slums of some OH the I need of a ceu.ral society to carry on
larger cities of Ireland. But over the , the work which had theretofore been
richer rural parts of Ireland has come 1 done by volunteer propagandists,
intelligent organized industry and en- | The I. A. O. S.
thusiastic energy which make it. as There was needed an organization
rich and prosperous as the richest j which should help rural communities
portions of the great middle west in organize their marketing and business
\rv.erica. Rural.Ireland is umjuestion j processes, be a central federation of
bly a regenerate Ireland. The process
if regeneration is progressing. Pros-
perity is crowding out poverty and in-
vading even those regions which have
:eretofore been considered the natural
strongholds of poverty.
How Prosperity Came to Ireland.
There are several contributing
! all existing societies, and become a
1 supervisor and auditor of their busi-
| tii'ss methods. Such a society Is the
j Irish Agricultural society At its
iiead has been and is Sir Horace
[ Plunkett, who has been the John the
J Baptist of the gospel-of co-operation in
j 'reland. He is ably assisted by the
auses for this changed condition. The : secretary. Mr R. A. Anderson, a man
tand tenure laws have done wonders
r'nder old conditions the slightest in-
lication of prosperity upon the part
?f the tenant, if it were only a new cap
or the wife a clean apron, meant a
lise in rent. It was to the advant-
age of the tenant farmer to seem more
miserable than he was. The system
put a premium on squalor and ragged-
ness and slovenly farming. No one
of rare executive ability and of emi
nent common sense. Associated in the
movement also is Mr George W Rus-
sell, brilliant journalist and editor of
the Irish Homestead, a man who 1st
practical as well as a poet and painter.
The vice-president of the organization
is Rev. Fathe:- Thomas A. Finlay, pro-
fesBor of economics in the National
University at Dublin, a Catholic priest
who has a most rare .and kindly
ug their holdings under a beneficent j zation
law. which permits the purchase of the j Seldom has so well balanced a quar-
land without the advance payment of I tet of men been associated together in
a cent. The only obligation upon the ( any economic movement. They are
| purchaser is that he pay annually 2% j in very fact a power for the business
per cent, upon the value of the little ! regeneration of rural Ireland. Practic-
farm as interest and less than one-half j ally all of the cooperative societies in
per cent as an installment upon the | Ireland have been organized by the I.
principal. Under this law the entire A. O. S. Its organizers meet with the
tenant class are acquiring their homes
by the annual payment of Bums aggre-
gating considerably less than the for-
Plunkett Teaches Co-operation.
There can be no doubt that rural
Ireland is making a business success of
farming. But it is not doing its busi-
ness in a business-like way because of
any spontaneous impulse on the part
of the Irish farmer It is rather be-
cause business-like Irishmen went
about organizing the business pro-
cedure of rural enterprises in a most
businesB-like way. The leader of these
business-like Irishmen is Sir Horace
Plunkett. To him Ireland owes more
than It will ever realize. From thd
first his propaganda was educational.
His proposition was that the Irish
farmer must be taught the efficacy of
combination In industries. He did not
believe in subsidies or subventions.
Nor did he believe that relief would
come through legislation or through
state aid in any form. As Father Fin-
:ould safely whitewash his cottage or
plant a tree or cultivate a flower. Now I knowledge of human nature, combined
ill is* changed. Three hundred thou- j with a splendid head for the details of
The war with Mexico should be pushed and that coun- i -nd tanner tenants are now purchas- I the business of the co-operative organt
try brought up to a standard of civilization along with other
countries of the world. It has scarcely passed into the
sixteenth century so far as civilization and christianization
are concerned and nothing but war will bring them up to
the standard, and in our opinion it is the duty of the United
States to bring them up to 20th century times.
Bill Hornbeck, the editor of the Sword of Truth,
throwed a tit last week because the Herald-Sentinel, in a re-
cent issue, intimated that the republicans would not put out
a connty ticket this fall, and shouts ""fusion," the object of
which would be the defeat of the socialist party. Editor
Hornbeck is beginning to pave the way to defeat—looking
for a soft place to fall. Many of the socialists, who are not
ii> the game for their bread and butter, profess to see victory
for their party if there is no republican ticket in the field,
and seem pleased over the prospect, but some others who
use the party for personal gain see defeat long before the
The war with Mexico has allowed that cowadly murder
of womon and bhildren in Colorado to go almost unnoticed.
Mexican barbarities may be horrible, but none of them are
as bad as the brutality which inspired those malitia cut-
throats to fire on those tents composing the peaceable homes
of the miners. Whatever crimes the fathers and husbands
of these women and children may have been guilty of there
is nothing which justffied this wanton killing and the man
who gave the order to fire and the men who fired should be
dealt with in the same way that Lefty Louie and Gyp the
promoters of a news society and give
them the benefit of the experiences of
the older societies. They furnish a
set of niles, advise as to equipment,
install a system of bookkeeping and
good business methods. The society-
has a staff of skilled, experienced men
who are organizers, editors; and inspec-
tors. To it cooperative societies make
certain definite reports. To it they
constantly go for advice and council
and over them it maintains a most
complete power of audit. The func-
tion of the society is to unify and co-
ordinate. to Inspect, to audit, to advise.
It has been its achievement to pilot
all co-operative organizations through
the struggles and difficulties inherent
in the Initiation of the movement to ul-
timate success. Always and every-
where the society Insists on good busi-
nesa methods, upon the most effective
system of accounting, upon fair and
broad-minded dealings with all con-
cerned. and upon the maintenance of
the highest quality In all products.
American co-operation must have a
lay, professor of econimics in the Na-
tional University of Dublin, says: "The j similar central society If it is to
farmers' best resources he held to be j effective.
themselves, and in their own int.Hi- | During the parliamentary recess of
gence, self-reliance and mutual trust, I 1885. through the efforts of this same
and these resources it was his pur- I statesman. Sir Horace Plunkett, there
pose to develqp." [ was brought together a committee of
He Encounters Difficulties. | representative men of various parties
There seemed to be most excellent j and creeds, who later presented a pe-
reasoiiB why he could not succeed. The I tition to the government praying for
Irish people were dispirited and dis- I the institution of a state department
couraged. They were suspicious and
afraid of all new movements. Sir
Horace Plunkett himself belonged to
the despised landlord class, with which
the people had been long in constant
As Father Finlay says: "In religion
he was a Protestant and hiB appeal
would be to a people predominantly
Catholic in a country where religious
antagonisms prevade every sphere of
social life. In politics—so far as he
was a politician—he was a Unionist,
and those whom he proposed to influ-
which would fulfil the functions of a
ministry of agriculture for Ireland
These proposals were embodies in a
law enacted in 1399 and immediately
thereafter the department of agricul-
ture. with Sir Horace Plunkett at its
head, began its career of education.
The present head of "the department
of agriculture and technical instruc-
tion," as it is now termed, is the Hon.
Thomas W. Russell.
Agricultural Wholesale Society.
As was but natural, the co-operative
organizations, after they had estab-
ence were Nationalists by a vast ma- > lished themselves and began furnish-
Blood and their co-workers, in fact the crime of those men
were not near so revolting.
There seems to be a difference coming between the
commercial club and the city council over the proposition of
securing a water supply, which, if allowed to continue, will
defeat the proposed movement. These two bodies should
work in harmony for the good of the town, not pull at cross
purposes. The commercial club are seeking to aid the city
council to discover the best way to secure a good supply of
the best water possible, but that body don't want any help
beliving, apparently, that they already have the solution ia
the findings of the first engineer. Too much deliberation
cannot be given to this very important question and these
two bodies should get together and work in harmony for
the good of the town.
The Elk City News-Democrat says: "Democracy is on
trial in Oklahoma. In fact a good part of the testimony is
alreadv in and the case does not look any too good for the
defendant;. The evidence discloses that the agents of the
party in many cases violated rules of good faith, and have j seventeen creameries were at work, ucts. Later, when local cooperative
bontJ flip faith and Derformed their democrat if'rlntv uc d at the end of 1893 thirty had been societies found trouble In getting
not kept* the laitJ ana periormea tnen aemocratic duty as organlzed. Thereafter the cooperative goods of high quality at reasonable
they should. We would like to have the JVewS-Democrat I societies were organized more rapidly, prices, the organization took up the
noint ?Ut those who have not "kept the faith," or it miffht cooperation and good business jobbing business as a side i^sue. Now
1 -L*. . 4- ti* <r. u u i i ( method prevail throughout Ireland, it maintains two branches, one-seventh
be more convenient to point out tnose Who had ' kept the! There are 980 co-operative so- of its business is performed as a job-
faith " It is pretty hard pill for a democrat to swallow cietleB upon the Island. With an ag- ber, six-sevenths of its business is mar-
i . r ,Atin j . . • gregate paid up share capital of about keting Irish goods. About one-third of
but it is democratic evidence, theretore good. 1 et they are j • million dollars their annual turn-over the Irish products handled go across
o-oing back to the same bunch of crooks to get material to I 13 twelve million dollars. the channel to England and Scotland
fiill the offices with again. Let us have a new deal
rhe healthful i,Towth that has occur-
•ed In the business of the concern from
1906 to 1912 is indicated by the fol-
1908 . 365.765
191 0 617,540
1911 . 664.645
The Irish Homestead.
The great co-operative movement is
not without its press organ. The Irish
Homestead announces itBelf as "the
irgan of Jrish agricultural and indus-
trial development." Such it undoubt-
dly it. It does not, however, confine
itself to teaching the doctrine of co-
operation, but contains departments
cfealing with all phases of agricultural
development. The number before me
has articles or comments upon liui fol-
lowing subjects: "The Plea for toe
Middleman," "Seed Germination and
Growth," "Live Stofk Notes," "Tuber-
culosis," "Poultry," "Creamery Man-
agement," "Pages for Irish Country-
inen/J,)Jt.J9Jso contains a column de-
I will pay railroad fare from
Bessie and Rocky to Cordell to
all ladies and girls who buy
ladies hats from me. Get a re-
ceipt for your ticket. Mrs. J.
W. Morrison, leading milliner.
Located with Hunter's.
A Fine Home for Sale
My place, containg about 8 a-
cres, 1 mile south of de|X>t is for
said. Orchard contains plums,
peaches, apples, pears, apricots,
cherries,- crabapples. grapes,
blackberries, gooseberries,! and
dewberries. Good 3 room frame
house, good cistern and woll,
storm cave, buggy slied, stable,
and chicken shed; all fenced.
Will give gooi terms on t>art
of purchase; good abstracted
J. E. Bemusdaffer. Cordell, Okla
I the stomach. It is not surpris-
ing, that many suffer years with
Chronic Stomach Trouble Cured.
. There is nothing more discour-
voted to. to the interests of "The Unit- agiQg than a chronic disorder of
ed Irishwomen." The Irish Homestead
is edited by George W. Russell, a
brilliant writer, the clarity and force . . .. .
of whose editorial comments extend *uch an ailment when a perma*
the subscription list to many who are j CUF8 is Wlthlil their roach
not of those directly interested in the i and may be had for a trifle About
agricultural subjects which are the I a year ago, says P, H. Beck, of
maintops discussed in the journal.
The United Irishwomen.
In all his efforts for improving tha
conditions of rural Ireland, Sir Horace
Plunkett makes constant use of the
Wakelle Mich , I bought a box of
Chamberlain's tablets and since
using them I have felt perfectly
well. I had previously used any
number of different medicines
formula, "Better farming, better buai- I but none them were of any last-
ness, and better living." | benefit. For sale by all drug,,
It is true that "better living" la
placed within the reach of many an
Irish family because of the returns j _ , cunDF
guaranteed from the better farming | fxOr\ortL/l\L
&nd better business which come Aaltnrnovs at Is*ur
through co-operation, but as Father AailCM^eyS-ni-LOW
Finiay says in the article liertofore > Will practice in any court, Bus-
referred to, " At an earlj' stage of the j mesa is what we want.
movement a scheme of what was call- CORDELL. OKLAHOMA,
ed "home-brightening" was put into
ROBERT L. KNIE,
Attorney at Law,
Over Oklahoma National Bank,
Cordell, - - OHa
G. E. WAGNER,
Practices in all the courts. Prompt at
tention gi-en to all business Office jt
southwest :orner of sqnare
Wtli praotioe tn all Courts.
Cordell i—o Oklahoma.
BRETT BILLUPS & RICE
Practice in all courts in both
civil and criminal matters. Pre-
pared to either defend;or prose-
cute in criminal matters.
Special attention given to civil
and probate practice.
Operation in certain selected Centura
where successful co-operative societies
had been established. Educated ladies
who had experience in peasant life in
the more advanced rural communitiea
of 'f'fte eontinent were settled in model
cottages. They received the women
and girl* of the locality and taught
them such elements of housekeeping
as'would enable them to'turn the re-
sources of house, garden and farmyard
into best account. Later they became
more intimate in their advice and as-
sistance >and became instrnmeHtal in
the preparation of tbe family meals.
suggested reforms in the matter of
cleanliness and. order, brought about I
the larger use of garden fruit and veg |
etables and taugh methods of preser"-1 Rooms ll 4 12 Akers Kerley buildin
Soon the men of the family, becom-
ing interested, co-operated in the pro-
cess of home brightening. Simple im-
provements were made, whitewash lib-
erally applied, a kitchen garden cul-
tivated, trees and flowers were plant-
ed. and shrubs and rosew trained to
grow against the walk. The cost of
this home brightening scheme was at
first defrayed by Sir Horace Plunkett.
who devoted to it the salary attached
to his office of rice-president o£ tho
department of agriculture. He realised.
bowerwer, that It was essentially a
women's work and should be in their
hands. This led to the organization of
"The ITntted Irishwomen " As Miss
Pllklngton, one of their leaders, says
"The work which the United Irishwom-
en propose to do in rural Intend may
be considered under three %wd —ag-
riculture and Industrie*, -domestic
economy, social and taftefttoctttal de-
velopment Home fairy tag can lie
much improved, and it i* <«T immense
importance that a snfficient supply of
milk for avery household should lie
available. Many girls are employed
In shops at bookkeeping feat tew ever
try to keep their father's accounts for
him. although quite capable of doing
so when they first leave school.
"The branch committee of the Unifi-
ed Irish-women in co-operation with tha
county committee under tbe depart-
ment of agriculture, and twisted by
the farmers' societies, onld do for tha
farmer's wife what the Irish Agricul-
tural Organization society doea for tho
Splendid Social Center.
A member of the Kilkee branch of
the United Irishwomen writing to an
American interested tn the movement
. says: "Our neighboring branch at.
Doonaha 'about five miles from this)
has combined with the farmers and
others to purchase a disused creamery
and make It into a parish hall, where
we will hold classes under the various
instructresses supplied by the congest
ed districts board, the department and
others, and where we will also hava
dances, plays, concerts and all the
other things which make life happy for
the country side.
EDWARDS fit BEETS.
Attorneys at Law.
PRACTICE IN ALL COURTS
.: instate Bank Building.
L. H. LANIER
Office in Bungardt Building
ALL WORK GUARANTEED
FARMERS NATIONAL RANK
H. F. TOLIVER, President.
C. H. BESSENT, Vice President,
R. W. HUTTO, Cashier.
We Solicit Your Patronage
jority, keenly suspicious of any policy
which threatened to divert the mind'
of the nation from the political aims
on which it was passionately bent."
It is not surprising, therefore, that It
was only after more than a year of
strenuous efforts and after more than
fifty public meetings had been held,
than in 1889 a body of Limerick farm-
ers finally consented to establish a co-
operative creamery. It was again over
a year before a second one followed
suit. By the end of 1891, however,
ing a product of high quality, found
that the Individual managers of the
separate societies had not facilities
for obtaining a knowledge of the mar-
ket. To understand fully the conditions
in all markets to which Irish products
might reasonably be expected to have
access was too large a task for each
scattered organization to undertake
for itself. Consequently the Irish Ag-
ricultural Wholesale society, limited,
began business. At first it confined
itself to the marketing of Irish prod
"Our branch here had an entertain-
I ment on November 3ve. which Is an
i old Irish festival, as perhaps you know
j We had games of various kinds, and
j danciug, including Irish jigs. *We now
i have a teacher of plain needlework
sent by the congested districts board,
| in Doonaha, and hope to get her for
; Kilkee later on.
| "Tomorrow we open our Girl club
! for winter evenings here in Kilkee.
I and in the same rooms we provide hot
breakfast for the fanners and arov-
| era who come in with cattle, on fair
' days, at cheap rates. We also serve
hot cocoa to the school children who
need It, every day at luncheon hour."
And so the salvation jf Ireland is
| after all being worked out by a big
co-operative scheme in which local so-
! cities, the wholesale society, the agri-
I sultural department of the govern-
ment, the I. A. O. S., the Irish Home-
stead, and the United Irishwomen all
ire playing important parta.
The Silo That Gives Satisfaction
Has the quality construction that
saves work and time. Doors can
be kept closed all the time andj
prevent silage freezing
wiuter, drying in sum-
mer. The safe, easy
climbing ladder — all
steel door frame and
many more big features.
Get our offer on a
Silo or on the Silber-
zahn Light Running
Send or Call foe
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Gunsenhouser, M. H. The Herald-Sentinel. (Cordell, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 36, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1914, newspaper, April 30, 1914; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc168517/m1/3/: accessed May 21, 2022), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.