Penn, S. A. The Calumet Chieftain (Calumet, Okla.), Vol. 11, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 31, 1918, newspaper, October 31, 1918; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc168181/m1/1/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .