The Calumet Chieftain. (Calumet, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 22, Ed. 1 Friday, December 25, 1914 Page: 2 of 10
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CALUMET. OKLA. C HIEFTAIN
3 ENGLISH CITIES
Cruiser Squadron in Daring
Raid, Kills Many and
ESCAPE FROM BRITISH FLEET
Following Bombardment, the Attack-
ing Warships Got Away—Move
Now Considered Forerunner
to Big Naval Battle.
(Summary of Events.")
For the first time in more than
a century England has been
struck by a foreign foe. A squad-
ron of swift German cruisers
crept through the fog to the east-
ern coast and turned their guns
against the Britons.
When day1'broke, the raiders
began the bombardment of three
important towns—Hartlepool, at
the mouth of the Tees, Whitby,
thirty-five miles southward, and
Scarborough, noted as a pleasure
resort, fifteen miles beyond.
Hartlepool suffered most. There
two battle cruisers and an armor-
ed cruiser were engaged and at
this place the greatest loss of life
More Than 100 Killed.
The British war office fixes the num-
ber of dead at Hartlepool as eight sol-
diers and ninety-seven civilians, and
the wounded at fourteen soldiers and
116 civilians. At Scarborough, where
a battle cruiser and an armored cruis-
er shelled the town, thirteen casual-
ties are reported, while at Whitby two
were killed and two wounded.
Men. women and children of the
civilian population were left dead or
wounded—struck without warning
while at breakfast or at work. In all,
according to official estimates, the
casualty list totals 2G4, of whom 134
are known to be dead.
I'hree churches were damaged; the
gas works and lumber yards at Hartle-
pool were set afire, and the Abbey of
Whitby was struck. The Balmoral
hotel at Scarborough received the full
effects of a shell. A number of houses
and shops were shattered and partly
burned in each of the towns.
Fog Aids Attacking Fleet.
The hostile squadron escaped in the
mist after an encounter with coast
guard vessels patrolling the neighbor-
hood, which were reinforced as soon
as the presence of the Germans was
Allies Push Offensive.
The offensive movement of the
French and British has become gen-
eral and is being pushed with strong
forces, particularly in Flanders, the
Argonne, the Woevre and Alsace.
While the French claim to have been
successful at all points except at
Steinbach, in Alsace, the German offi-
cial report says the Allies' attacks
have been unsuccessful at several
On the whole, however, It would ap-
pear that the Allies, who now have a
superiority in numbers as well as in
artillery, have succeeded in making
some progress and have withstood vig-
on us counter attacks delivered by the
Germans Will Resist.
T\i«< fact that the Allies are in pos-
set sion of Hollebecke, in Flanders,
am' that heavy fighting was going on
agfln shows that they have made an
appreciable advance in the last two
darn, as last week they were being at-
tached by the invaders two miles to
the west of St. Eloy, which is on the
Ypr s-Armentieres Road.
It is evident that while the Germans
are prepared to offer stubborn resist-
ance to attempted advances In the re-
gions mentioned in the official com-
municiitions they expect the main at-
tach of tha Allies to be made in an-
other direction or are themselves pre-
paring for an offensive, for they have
gathered considerable forces at Cour-
trai, from which point they could be
qiy^Vly transferred either to Flanders
or southward across the French fron-
Allies on Offensive.
Both the German and French offi-
cial reports continue evidence that
the Allies' offensive movement is be-
ginning to gather impetus and is
neeting with stubborn resistance from
the German troops, who have been
left to hold the Western lino while
their comrades are battling with the
Russians in the Fast. The French
have been particularly active In the
Woevie region, where they have been
trring io rut off the German force
which projects like an arrow head to
St. Mihael on the Meuse.
Servians Retake Belgrade.
The Servians, af'cr a fierce battle,
have reoccupled Rolgrade, according
to a Nish dispatch. The Austrians
occupied Belgrade December 2, after
having besieged it since July 29, bom-
barding from batteries near Slmlin
and from monitors on the Danube. A
large portion of tht city was said to j
have been destroyed by the fire of the
Austrians. When war was declared
the Servian government moved from
Belgrade to Graguyevats and later
went farther south to Nish, where it
Admits Loss of Belgrade.
The abandonment of Belgrade by
the Austrians is acknowledged in an
official statement given out at the
Austrian army headquarters. The
statement says that the retirement
of the right wing involved a change
in the military situation which made
it advisable to abandon Belgrade,
which was evacuated without fight-
The most striking feature of the
official news is the candid admission
by the Austrian government of the de-
feat of the Austrian army in Servia
and apparently of the abandonment
of its third attempt to invade the ter-
ritory of Its small Slav neighbor.
While attributing the failure of the
enemy's superior force, .as all govern-
ment bulletins explain failures, the
Austrian war office announces plainly
an extended retirement and heavy
STATE CAPITAL GOSSIP
Germans Admit Retreat.
Retreat of the German forces which
attempted to strike at Warsaw from
the north was acknowledged In an of-
ficial communication given out at the
German army headquarters.
The Austrians have succeeded in
again crossing the Carpathians, and,
according to their account, are driving
the Russian left back toward the River
San. This army, assisted by German
reinforcements, has undertaken the
rather difficult task of forcing the Rus-
sians to withdraw from in front of Cra-
cow and also of relieving Pryzemysl.
The Austrians apparently have met
with at least partial success.
Austrians Capture 31,000.
An official communication issued at
Vienna says the Austrian offensive in
W7estern Galacia has compelled the
enemy to retreat and his front in
South Poland to waver. Austrian
troops, advancing from the south,
reached Jaslo and Rajbrot. In this
advance and the last battle they took
thirty-one thousand Russian prisoners.
Driving Germans Back.
The Russian forces which checked
the German advance in Northern Po-
land are now In full pursuit of the
army of General Francois, which con-
tinues to retreat toward the East
Prussian frontier. An official state-
ment issued at Petrograd asserts the
Germans are being driven back in the
direction of Mlawa, which is only eight
miles from the German frontier.
A New Triple Alliance.
By Invitation of King Gustav of
Sweden, King Haakon of Norway and
King Frederick of Denmark will visit
him at Malmo, Southern Sweden. Th e
three kings will be accompanied by
their ministers of foreign affairs and
secretaries and will discuss affairs of
common interest which have arisen as
a result of the war and especially
measures for helping the economical
situation in Scandinavia,
KING OF SAXONY
Huge Road Fund in View
More than $1,000,000 as a New
Year's gift from the federal govern-
ment to Oklahoma for the construc-
tion of good reads, is the predicted
good fortune for this state, brought
back from Washington by Colonel
Sidney Suggs, state highway commis-
sioner. Colonel Suggs attended the
recent national convention at the cap-
ital of state highway commissioners.
While there, he, together, with other
commissioners from the vsrious states,
was shown marked consideration at
the hands of President Woodrow Wil-
son and Secretary of Agriculture
David F. Houston.
"There is general agreement by the
administration and leaders in con-
gress that good roads legislation will
come with this session," said Colonel
Suggs. "It is likely that the roads
measure will be tacked on to the post-
office appropriation bill, and will
carry the authorization for the lssu
ance of government bonds in the sum
of $500,000,000 to be available from
now until 1924. Under this plan Ok-
lahoma should receive something
more than $10,000,000, giving us more
than $1,000,000 annually.''
Colonel Suggs saw many notable
personages while in Washington, in-
cluding the house leader, Oscar Under-
wood of Alabama, whom he greatly
admires. Returning by way of Kan-
sas City, he was entertained for a day
by officials of the automobile club
there. Discussing the good roads leg-
islation and questions important to it,
"President Wilson indicated to us
his enthusiastic concern in good roads
legislation, and referred us for the
discussion of details of legislation to
Mr. Houston. We found the secretary
of agriculture to be a man of strong
qualities, and his familiarity with the
matter was certainly intimate and
"It appears likely that whatever en-
actments this congress may make will
Include features of the report made
by the commission headed by former
Senator Jonathan Bourne of Oregon
and administration ideas.
"The federal government will vir-
tually demand that each state have
a highway department so that it may
deal directly with one institution rep-
resenting each state.
"It is proposed that the moneys
shall be apportioned to the various
states in this manner: One-third in
the ratio which the population oT each
state bears to the total population of
all the states; one-third in the ratio
which mileage of rural post roads in
each state bears to the total mileage
of post roads in all the states, and
one-third in the ratio of area which
each state bears to the total area of
the states. It is possible the appor-
tionment may also include consider-
ation of the total wealth of each state
in its relation to (he total wealth of
ill the states."
Colonel Suggs says his plan for
ouilding pieces of educational roads,
ising student labor in various locali-
ties, met with favor among commis-
sioners of other states, and he was
promised the assistance of the depart-
ment at Washington.
"I am convinced," he added, "that
here, in Oklahoma, the best general
plan of road building is to divide the
counties into three road districts, us-
ing the boundaries of the county com-
missioners' districts, and make each
commissioner the general road over-
Beer in his district."
Big Shipment of Tax Stamps
A shipment of eight million war tax
stamps, including all denominations
from one-half of one cent to $100, has
been received by Hubert L. Bolen, col-
lector of internal revenue for Okla-
homa. It was the largest batch of
stamps of any kind ever shipped into
this state at one time.
"With the supply received and those
on hand," said Collector Bolen, "we
will be able now to fill all orders im-
mediately. In order to dispose of the
great volume of applications now on
hand the force of the office will be re-
quired to work night and day."
A shortage in the supply of two-cent
and ten-cent documentary stamps has
prevented the collector's office from
filling applications as fast as they ac-
As Boon as all who have applied for
stamps have been supplied the field
force of the revenue collector's offi.ee,
which has been required to assist the
office squad since about November 25.
will be sent out to commence the work
of checking up. Although a great ma-
jority of all the persons affected by
the tax have paid their assessments
there are undoubtedly scores who
have failed, some who were not in
formed of the tax, Collector believes.
Tobacco dealers, pawnbrokers and pool
and billiard hall operators are be-
lieved to make up the major portion of
those who have not paid.
Busied with taking in money and
dispensing stamps. Collector Bolen
has not had opportunity to prepare a
careful estimate of the amount of
money derived by the government
from the war tax revenue in Okla-
homa. He believes now, however,
that the sum will be greatly in excess
of his first estimate of $125,000, prob-
ably passing the $200,000 mark.
Ruling On Indian Taxation
Tax exemptions on allotted Indian
land run only so long as title to the
land remains in the original allottee,
according to an important opinion
dealing with the taxability of Indian
land, which has been given in the su-
preme court by Justice F. E. Riddle.
The opinion is given in the case of
the county treasurer and the board of
county commissioners of Okmulgee
county versus Cornelia Sweet and oth-
Cornelia Sweet and her associates,
purchased some town lots which were
a part of the allotment to Sarah
Smith, a Creek freedwoman. They re
fused to pay the taxes on the property
contending that it was exempt under
various acts of congress dealing with
allotment of land to Indians.
It was found that the Smith woman,
through the proper procedure, had all
the restrictions removed from her
land some time prior to the convey-
ance to Cornelia Sweet and her as-
sociates. The court held that when
the exemptions were removed and the
land deeded to Cornelia Sweet the tax
exemptions were removed.
The opinion of the higher court re-
verses the district court of Okmulgee
county, which held the tax exemptions
on the land were still in effect.
GINNINGS TO DEC. 13 INDICATE
MORE THAN SIXTEEN MIL-
LION BALES FOR 1914.
War Tax Revenue Large
Nearly $125,000 worth of war tn*
stamps already have been sold in Ok-
lahoma, according to approximate fig-
ures compiled by Hubert L. Bolen,
collector of internal revenues for this
state. Of this sum, $50,000 w&3 re-1 professors, who are now abroad on a
Needs No Greater
It was stated by one member of the
state board of education, which has
been in session, that there would he
very little difference in the amount to
be asked for the schools from the next
legislature, as compared with the
amount appropriated two years ago.
It was stated that no action was
taken by the board relative to the so-
called "sabbatic" salary claims for
professors and teachers of the state
university, which were turned down
some time ago by State Auditor Joe
McClelland. The claims represent
half salaries of seven teachers and
year's leave of absence, granted by
the board of education. Nothing but
appropriation matters, it was stated,
ceived for documentary stamps.
"Employes at the revenue office
have been working all day and part
of the night since about November 25,
| and now we have almost caught up
with correspondence," said the col- New Secretary Appointed
' MCt°ronnon °"e T TJ Mrs- Fred Sutton has assumed the
than 20.000 unopened appl cations for (Unieg of Benrpt of th Panama.
stamps piled up in our vault.
"On orders from the commissioner's
office at Washington we are not im-
posing a penalty on November taxes
that were not paid until after Decem-
ber 1. All applications coming in
after the time when the penalty
should have been imposed, however,
are kept on a separate list. The rev-
enue department is attempting to have
congress amend the law, taking the
penalty off. Unless this is accom-
plished we will be forced to assess
the extra charge."
The king of Saxony with his §
troops has joinevl the armies of m
his war lord, the emperor of e
A committee of seven has been ap-
pointed by State Superintendent R. H.
Wilson to arrange for a school ex-
hibit at the world's fair at San Fran-
cisco. The committee will work with
the Manama commission. Chas. W.
Briles of Ada is chairman.
Pacific commission. Mrs. Sutton suc-
ceeds C. H. Russell who resigned.
Russell said more time was needed
for his business.
He is the second secretary to re-
sign. Clark Hudson quit the ]ob last
spring. Russell declares that success
in getting funds for the Oklahona
building is assured.
Will Investigate Fire
State Fire Marshal C. C. Hammonds
left for Lawton to investigate a fire
of unknown origin, that occurred
there, causing death of Josie Tucker,
11, and perhaps fatally burning a small
baby. Three fires of incendiary or-
igin have been reported from Lawton.
Work of systematic firebug's is the
theory advanced by Lawton people,
who asked an investigation by the
OKLAHOMA OUTDOES HERSELF
Total Figures Based on Previous Re.
ports Showing Approximately 92
Per Cent of Entire Production
Ginned Prior to That Date.
Washington.—Cotton ginning up to
the period ending December 12 made
a new record exceeding that estab-
lished in 1911, the year of previous
record cotton production, by more
than 206,000 bales.
This was indicated in the census
bureau's report showing 13,977,189
bales had been ginned prior to De-
cember 13. In the last two years, ap-
proximately 92 per cent of the entire
crop had been ginned prior to Decem-
ber 13. Calculating this year's crop
on that basis, it would exceed 16,27V
000 bales. The department of agil-
culture, in its preliminary estimate
of the crop, placed it at 15,966,000
bales. Last year the department's
preliminary estimate was 13,677,000
bales, while the final production was
14,156,000 500-pound bales.
Oklahoma, to December 13, had gin-
ned 1,068,898 bales, or more than pro-
duced there in any years heretofore.
In Albama, Florida, Georgia and Texas
ginnings to December 13 were greater
than last year's entire production
Ginning during the period amounted
to 900,982 bales—more than ginned in
the same period in any year except
Included in the ginnings were 42,-
796 round bales, compared with 91,-
686 last year, 75,772 in 1912, and 92,-
790 in 1911.
Sea Island cotton included num-
bered 71,488 bales, compared with 69,-
520 bales last year, 60,445 bales in
1912, and 98,035 bales in 1911.
Army Aviator Killed.
Ocean Side, Cal. — Lieut. F. G.
Gerstner, aviator in one of the U
S. army scouts that started on a
flight from San Diego to Los Angeles,
was drowned in the sea, ten miles
north of this place. Capt. R. L. Mul-
ler, pilot of the wrecked machine, was
rescued by Capt. L. W. Patterson,
another army aviator, whose aero-
plane had been wrecked ashore near
where Lieutenant Gerstner met his
Captain Patterson saw the wreckage
of Muller's machine in the water and
summoned aid. Muller was rescued,
badly bruised by the fall and exhaust-
ed with his efforts to keep afloat.
Gerstner's body was recovered.
Lieut. Friederick Gerstner was the
eighteenth aviator to give his life in
the interest of government aviation.
Fourteen army officers, two naval offi-
cers and two civilian instructors,
make up the roll.
Lieut. Garstner was only 23 years
old. He was born in Michigan and
was appointed to the military acade-
my in 1909. On graduating in 1913
he was assigned to the Tenth caval1
ry, but recently he was assigned to
the aviation school at San Diego, Cal.
Four of the Bix machines that en-
tered the flight were brought to earth
near here. The other machine
reached Los Angeles in safety.
Stormy weather and bad air condi-
tions were held responsible for the
accidents. The aeroplanes were to
have made the flight back from Los
Angeles to report the number and dis-
position of troops maneuvering in the
vicinity of San Diego. The contest
was for a trophy.
Greece Buys Tents.
Toledo, "Ohio.—Contracts for $500,-
000 worth of poles and the same
amount in tents were let to local com-
panies by C. Vassadarkis of New
York, Greek consul general to the
United States in behalf of a Greek
company. "These supplies are not to
be used for war," said Vassadarkis.
"We are simply buying in this coun-
try supplies that we would have diffi-
culty in securing in Europe."
Olympia to Frisco.
Charleston, S. C.—Orders were re-
ceived here for the United States
cruiser Olympia, the flagship at the
battle of Manila, to be ready to sail
February 15 for the Panama-Pacific
exposition by way of the Panama
canal. The Olympia has been here
Escapcs Battles; Killed.
Pittsburgh, Pa—After emerging un-
scathed from a number of battles
while serving under Russian colors,
Joseph Kamunski deserted and came
to America as a stowaway only to
meet death after his arrival. Kamun-
ski was employed at a coal chute and
was killed when he fell and was
buried under tons of coal.
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Clayton, J. C. The Calumet Chieftain. (Calumet, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 22, Ed. 1 Friday, December 25, 1914, newspaper, December 25, 1914; Calumet, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc167860/m1/2/: accessed January 23, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.