El Reno Weekly Globe. (El Reno, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1 Friday, March 23, 1894 Page: 3 of 8
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AGRICULTU RAL HI NTS.
Valuable Hint* froiu an Ohio Farmer <111
an Important Subject.
Ill low. wet places, or where the sur-
faee of the soil is but little above the
level of a stream or pond in the vicin-
ity, or even on higher land too Hat
to admit of proper drainage, it is tin-
advisable to excavate a cellar, as water
must gather and stand there, especial-
ly during a rainyoseason. In other lo-
calities. where hut two or three feet
of soil overlay the native rock, it is
impracticable though otherw ise favor-
ably situated. As a place in which
vegetables may be stored and kept
from freezing through the winter is as
necessary h°re as elsewhere, attempts
have been made to find a serviceable
substitute for the cellar, lhe old-time
apple cave, with its earth-covered roof,
has been tried and found defective in
that it fails to keen out water ill a time
One of tlu' most successful efforts in
this line is that of a man whose build-
ings are 011 the low ground near a liv-
er. Finding it impossible to secure a
dry cellar, lie built a room adjoining
the kitchen, making it as nearly frost
proot as possible by the use of double
walls and ceiling. Its cost was little
more than that of a cellar walled with
WORKING BY RULES.
^ window sash „
PLAr, OFCLCMNG WINIL.
A Hl HSl lTl TK FOlt A Chi.I.Alt
stone, while it is drier, more easily kept
in a sanitary condition and much easier
of access at all times, saving many
steps and much labor both in storing"
away vegetables and in daily list'.
The prime object in the construction
of a building for this purpose is to shut
in the summer warmth and prevent its
radiation into the outer air during a sea-
son of cold weather. The best non-
conductors of heat, such as wood and
paper, should be employed. Ury air in
confinement is one of the very best of
all non-conductors, and this advantage
is fully secured in the double walls.
Here are two dead-air spaces in the
walls, entirely cut off from communica-
tion with each other or with the air
outside. Above, then' is such a space
inclosing the joists, with the space be-
tween this and the roof, which is care-
fully closed at the eaves by a cor-
nice. The floor is double, and beneath
it the air shut in by the foundation
wall. Building paper may be placed in
the double floor, around the walls next
the outside and over the joists in the
ceiling, addinir much to the service of
the building and a trifle to its cost
AH the essential details of construc-
tion are presented in Kigs. 1 and
showing a plan of the walls both in
horizontal and in vertical section. Any
person of ordinary mechanical skill
may build it for himself at but slight
expense above the actual cost of mate-
rial. All the inside lumber should be
tongue-and-groove-Hooring. free from
knot-holes and open cracks, but it
need not be first grade. That side of
the room adjoining the dwelling does
not need lhe double wall, but it is al-
ready sufficiently protected: and, if u
be built against the dwelling as a
narrow lean-to with a length just twice
its width, a given space will be in-
closed at the least cost.
'I hat t;.e room may be opened to the
fresh air and warm sunshine of sum-
mer, it is desirable to have at least one
window. The frame of this should be
finished s;s shown in l'ig. with two
narrow ledges, A A, a few inches apart
and faced with strips of felt or woolen
l'n<lerstiiii<ltiiu of Underlying Principles,
Needful to Feeder*.
It sometimes happens that the owner
of good domestic animals is too ready
to establish arbitrary rules of feeding,
watering and supplying condiments
during winter. A certain number of
ears of corn or a definite amount of
small grain, uieal, bran, etc., is pro-
vided for each animal in a group, and
frequently the whole allotment is fur-
nished in bulk so irregularly appor-
tioned that the stronger ones get a
double portion, and the timid ones
but little. If the animals are fatten-
ing to a finish great care must be
given U) furnish enough for all to fully
satisfy hunger. Sometimes with an ap-
parently abundant supply of food the
condition of a good portion of the ani-
mals is not improved. The feeding has
been to no purpose, because of the over-
sight of an essential principle. Per-
haps the weather has become quite
mild and as a result stock on full feed
were given as much as in cold weather,
whereas they should have had less.
The quality of grain or ration varies,
too. Not as large quantities of a
firm variety of grain are required as
where it is somewhat spongy. Corn i
fed in the ear with no splitting may
prove, w hen very hard, severe on the
teeth, and as much would not be
eaten as might be desired '1 he loss ;
to an owner is thus great when an eye
quick lo set the needs of the occasion
is lacking The "why" of a situation is
all important, as when known plans
are only to be changed to conform to
the existing conditions. The proper
application of principles in feeding en-
ables an owner to so diet his stock as
to guard against many dangers and to
check irregularities as they appear.
The foresighted experienced feeder has
learned to anticipate bad effects when
the cause has accidentally escaped con-
trol. Principles applied thus enable
the counteracting of bad results where
an exception to general rules threatens
disaster. Irregularity in the health of
livestock calls for prompt attention to
dieting to restore normal relations.
When such attention cannot be given
with confidence, resort to the ordinary
simple remedies is the usual alterna-
tive. The nature and effects of admin-
istered ingredients is important, 'lhe
reason for supplying food or medicine
and the quantity to be given must be
learned in part by personal experience.
Withholding food in case of indisposi-
tion is more easily understood. If the
underlying principles are familiar the
rules and exceptions will be the more
easily applied.- Orange .ludil 1* armer.
THE FARMING WORLD.
AMONG THE POULTRY.
(tivk a little oatmeal or stale bread
ftoaked in milk as a first feed to young
If sulphur is given at all it
given sparingly and never
Kii.th and lack of ventilation cause,
more disease among poultry than any-
Shi.h from the young stock and do not
sacrifice fowls that have proved satis-
factory unless very old.
Road dust and finely-sifted wood
ashes in equal parts make a good ma-
terial for the dust boxes.
(Jhowing ducks should be watered
whenever they are fed, as they seem
to require considerable water while
1\ a brooder each duckling chooses
Its own quarters, squats quietly down
and remains there until morning with-
( Jacks can often be cured by one tea-
spoonful of turpentine to one and a ha I
pint of eornmcal mixed with warm
water and fed to the fowls.
Kori' usually conies from damp or
draughty roosting places. I he first
symptoms are a swelling of one side
of the head, something like mumps,
which, if not stopped, spreads to the
other side. Isolate all infected fowls
in a dry, warm place and wash with
warm water and eastile soap.
llh.NKHALI.Y, hens should be killed
when they are past :i years old, as they
lay fewer eggs every year after the
third, and in many ways become less
profitable. At the same time they be-
come less fit for the table. It is only
in rare cases that hens can be made
j profitable after this time.
A noon diet for chicks can be made
by mixing together *2 pounds of corn. |
15 pounds of oats. 10 of barley and 10 ;
of wheat bran. Grind all the grain to-
gether and make it into bread and
bake, mixing up with milk and adding
a little salt. Crumble tine and give
each chick all that it will eat up clean,
but no more, at each feed. St. Louis
GOOD STOCK PAYS.
DORSET HORN SHEEP.
A llreetl Wliteli I* < onnmrutIvely Tn-
ktiottii In Aiiicricii.
From Purbeck, on the Dorset coast
of England, to the fertile vales of West
l)or*-'t, these sheep have been bred
from time immeiv riai I- the fall of
Isv. :.i ewes and «' ram*- were brought
111 America, landing at Markham, Ont.,
C anada. Not until lss7 were they in-
troduced into the I'nited States. There
are at this date « vr 4,000 Dorsets in
this countrv. scattered over *20 states.
Larger importations were made this
year than ever before, anil they arc be-
comi: g very popular with the flock
Great improvements have been uiudrt
in these sheep w ithin the past *M years.
Thcv fatten readily, and incur but lit-
tle risk in lambing, while the r lambs
mature early. Itarrenness and losses in
lambing are so rare that from l.M) to
100 lambs may with a degree of cer-
tainty be calculated on for every hun-
dred ewes placed with rams. Their
fecundity is so remarkable that it is
sometimes possible to get two crops
< ' k
OOKSLI 11 o K N F. WI
U R I N G hard times con-
sumers cannot afford to
experiment with inferior brands
of baking powder. It is NOW
that the great strength and purity
of the ROYAL make it indis-
pensable to those who desire to
practise economy in the kitchen.
Each spoontul docs its perfect
work. Its increasing sale bears
witness that it is a necessity
to the prudent — it goes further.
ROYAL BAKING POWDCH CO., 106 wall ST., NEW YORK.
FRESH SPROUTS OF EXPERIENCE
I < >f 1 aiubs in one y
| take the rum at any
and some floew mas
.1 nne. The sheep ;
i and good nurses. They clip from 7 to
! 10 pounds of medium wool. The rains
I weigh from iOO to :;00 pounds, and the
' ewe^ from 150 to *200 pounds. They
have vigorous, robust constitutions, and
retain the same in any climate wherf
thev have been tried.
Adjustable to t
Give Boston market lettuce time
ai ^ ... enough and you cau grow line solid
u-dinarily quiet heads under glass.
A Succkss, No Donrr. -The water
bench must now be considered a
necessary greenhouse equipment. It
makes a sure thing of the prompt ger-
mination of seeds sown in flats.
Srn-iKiuoATioN may be an assured
success for the greenhouse bench. For
outdoor crops it has not yet outgrown
the experimental stage. Many difll-
eulties and disadvantages are gradual-
ly coming to light.
It I'revfiith Voracious Mornr* from l.itlni;
Many horses are such rapid eaters
| that much of the oats and other grain
j enters the stomach without being
i broken, and consequently passes oft
I undigested. The feed box illustrated
I herewith, which has been planned by
i L. I). Snook, obviates this difficulty.
S The improvement consists in simply
Why Simiii1 1'oultry Knitter* >ljike .Money
it ixl Other* Do Not.
1 was visiting a farm recently where
1 saw 1,000 chickens of all sizes, grades
and lineal descent. Anything was a
chicken and so much per pound. 1
asked the farmer why lie did not raise I
[ thoroughbreds and thus have two j
strings to his how and work up to a ,
fancier's position? He replied that the j
-.ales for thoroughbreds were so few ]
that it would not pay. "Hut, 1 re-
marked, "there is not a bird on your
! place that will sell for 81.50, while nine
out of ten will not sell for one dollar
Here is a practical invention indeed.
The illustration is a perspective view
of a rope halter constructed so as to ho
I adjustable to the si/c of any horse's
j he ail. A represents the nose strap, littv-
■ ing its cmls fastened to a ring II To
i this ring are silso fastened the ends of
the throat-straps (which arc made
! lo pass over the back of the neck of the
| horse, and their ends lorai the check
| pieces K K. with loops il (i, through
which the nose strap A passes. On tho
I throat latch is a sliding loop, I), as
| shown to make that part which uoes
| over the horse's head larger or smaller,
i iIn ,-rich side the straps 1 K are held t
HINTS FOH HOUSEWIVES.
"m cj a
I I I I>1 NO BOX FOR VORACIOI
MAKE AN' OVF.RGHtU NO t El.I.AH.
attaching a small box, c. to the outside
of a common feed box. a slot being cut
into the feed box proper at a. It is
plain that grain placed in the box c
will follow the inclined bottom of the
box and gradually fall into the feed
box, but only as fast as it is removed
from the aperture a by the animal
feeding. It is a simple and effective
arrangement, and should find a place
in many stables. It saves grain by
causing the animal to feed slowly,
without throwing the grain, as many
do, —American Agriculturist.
each. Suppose you sell only 10 per
cent of those you raised for f">0 per
:tozen, the balance, though they were
thoroughbred, would bring you as
much per pound as those you now have.
Would not this item furnish you a
nucleus for a bank account? You say,
by hard work, they pay you as you are
now running it." He was silent a few
seconds ami finally said: "I reckon we
f .• not getting all out of this that we
might." That man is surely at the fo t
of the ladder, doing the very largest
amount of labor for a dollar.
Poultry culture is a means of con-
verting one's labor into cash; he who
labors in the right direction and with
best breeds secures the highest
• for such labor.
Again we see the poultry raiser w ho
acknowledges the fact that the product
from crossing thoroughbreds pays a
larger profit, and he it is who purchases
eggs and stock of the fancier to pro-
nis workers. They grow quicker
salable size and are better pro-
rs of eggs, which are his staple
getlier bv means of a h
To remove egg stains from spoons
rub with moist salt.
If straw matting be washed over with
salt and water it will look like new.
A little salt in the water in which
flowers are placed will help to keep
them fresh for a long time.
To remove claret stains put salt on
immediately and thickly over the
place. Rinse in cold water before
A teabpoonful of salt in a glass of
water is a cure in many stomach
troubles, relieving colio and helping
] , ,J, which is indigestion.
Vinegar and water in equal propor-
tions, and as hot as can be borne, is a
physician's remedy for outward appli-
cation in eases of sprain or strain.
AROUND THE GLOBE.
Ac**tralia harbors one species of
kangaroo no larger than a rat.
11 is reported that the Russian gov-
ernment will shortly extend the cir-
cuit in which .lews are free to settle.
In the year HW0 Kngland coined tin
shillings! each having a stud of copper
set in the center.
A mono the Ainu tribe in Japan a
heard is considered so necessary to
bounty- that the women tattoo their
faces to make up for their lieardlcss-
M \!>okn says that in the llritish
Wot Indies two centuries ago pins,
slices of bread, pinches of snulT, drains
of whisky, soap, cocoanuts, eggs and
other common articles were all used as
The population of Italy is very
dense, there being two hundred and
seventy people to every square mile of
"Now, Mary, which day of the week
will you want out?" Mary—"I can't
tell, ma'am, till I know which is youi
day at home/* _
It is a curious fact, as noted by Sli
Samuel Baker, that a negro has nevei
been known to tame an elephant 01
any wild animal.
The annual consumption of wine ii
France averages twenty-three galloni
for each person.
EASILY - M A l>r. IIALTER.
iss of labor and
elotli, against each of which a frame of
board just fitting the opening is
fastened during the winter season.
These, with a tight shutter on the out-
side. make the window practically a
double wall also. If conveniently sit-
uated, use may be made of this win-
dow as an entrance in the time of stor-
ing vegetables for the winter, thus
avoiding the otherwise necessary
travel back and forth through the
While the eost of such a room is or-
dinarily greater than that of a cellar of
the same capacity, its service is also
greater, and it may well be considered
a close question of economy in making
choice between the two; and where a
eel I ti r cannot be made, it is almost a
necessity. -S. I*. Shull, in Rural New
Tin foot and mouth disease is re-
ported to be raging in Germany de-
j^usthe efforts of the government to
stamp it out.
l.oNt.-wooi F.n sheep are the most lia-
ble to scab. Tho least vigorous of tho
flock are the first affected.
(>\ eh work ing means 1
spoilt d butter.
To avoid constipation, give the cows
a variety of feed.
liETTEH cows should possess quiet,
(iooD butter will always be in demand
at profitable prices.
A iji'ARTof cream should give about
fourteen ounces of butter.
It is well to see that the mixed farm-
ing does not get too mixed.
In pruning do not leave a stump, but
cut close to the trunk of the tree.
There is considerable waste in feed-
ing wheat to pigs without grinding.
Two or three raw eggs will cure tho
most severe case of scours in a calf or
Some good butter makers recommend
brine salting, claiming that the butter
will thereby be more evenly salted.
Prolongkd churning is responsible
for much of the soft butter. Stop the
churn when the butter becomes gran-
The extra price of dairy products dur-
ing the winter months fully compen-
sates for the extra cost of their produc-
Hulldlnic 1 l h Flock ot sheep.
On a farm one of the cheapest as well
as one of the best ways of building up
a flock of sheep is to select the nest of
the ewes and breed to full blood ram of
a good breed—one that is best adapted
to your locality and the purpose for
which you are keeping sheep. Keepon
selecting the ewes, selecting a new ram j
every two years in order to infuse new
blood. There is five times as much
profit in mutton as in the fleece. A
sheep may be fed for one-seventh <>f
the food that an ox requires, and w ill
make a growth of nearly three-quar-
ters of a pound a day for the 280 days
of its life, when it becomes excellent !
mutton. For M0 days it will make j
nearly a half pound a day. Such sheep I
will net six cents a pound at the farm,
but such sheep, too, having a large ear-
cass, will have a large fleece in nronor- I
product, and find a daily market the
year round, lie disposes of one-halt * f
j his product for poultry and sells for
breeding and show purposes only those
of the highest merit. We see him en-
joying the best of reputations as a
fancier, his pocketbook well fille 1 and
ever alive to the interest of his calling.
— I. lv. Felch, in Farm and Home
can easily be
halter will lit
ing or moving
well as loops
latch the ha 1
horse, and wh
1 up aga:
liter is formed
tiiat the straps
>V. so that the
by simply si id-'
he loops 1) and .1 .1, aa
<. of the check pieces.
, 11 I) down < n the t liroat
•r can be put on the
i put on. the loop I> is
ti. la-ten it. The three
miter can 1 «• maoc ol
• anv <
i;li for oil•'
at a sina
licicrlptliin ot One l.arire I noi
llilltflrtMl < hicks.
A brooder house for on
chicks may be constructed
cost, the illustration (front view)
ing where to place the brood
though it may be placed nearer the
rear wall if desired, leaving six inches
of space between the wall and the
brooder, so as to permit the chicks t<
come from under the brooder at all
sides. Any kind ot brooder that is in-
tended for one hundred chicks will an-
swer, the object being to illustrate the
brooder house rather than the brooder.
The brooders made at present visually
SPRAINS IN HORSES.
siij-in I In * should Ite
ight a spra
| . . '. i , j i L
rrooder Ilol se for one iirool .
have a piece of cloth, cut into hanging
strips two or three inches wide, w hich
hang down on the sides of the brooder.
The brooder house should be ten feet
square, seven feet high in front and
five feet high at the rear, tarred paper
roof, the building to be of upright
boards, lined inside with heavy paper
so as to have the building warm. The
dotted lines seen at the end view and
on the front view are intended to show-
that a curtain made of heavy muslin
may be arranged at the front to guard
against storms and winds, or it may
be of glass, lilass is better, but muslin
is cheaper, and may be arranged so as
to roll ui) in favorable weather. In
very cold climates the muslin w ill not
answer, however. The position of the
brooder is also show n The design of the
brooder house is of a cheap one. and for
those who have a small incubator
which requires but one brooder. We
will be pleased to have readers improve
nn >liU i'Srrn nml uonrl n« their nlaUS.
Itest is jllst
owners are utiwilliiij
tlie animal is absollit
and unable to move.
tendons, especially if
fur a prolonged per
after all symptoms <
The object of treatment in the first
stage of a sprain is to keep down or re-
du«e inflammation and prevent exuda-
tion or spelling. The shoe should ho
removed at once, before the limb has
g< t so swollen and tender as to make
putting on another a matter of difficul-
ty ow ing to the acute agony handling
gives the animal.
The n tiling is a dose of physic,
which tom. o prevent fever and keep
down inflammation acting magically
in this and other cases of lameness.
The animal should be secured in a P1
tion todiscoiirage movement
hot fermentations or cold
lotions should be applied continuously.
There is, perhaps, some difference of
opinion as to whether cold or heat is
best, but whichever is adopted must he
i kept up continuously For a recent
I injury, without much swelling and
j congestion, cold is perhaps preferable;
' but if there is much pain and swelling,
' relief is most promptly afforded by hot
If slight lameness continues or there
.rircment. it w
After reading tho following letters ran any islird. Wl.rn I rommonred the use of
Airei rentung ui ^ • .... .lo in, . six wars ago, I weighed hi
one longer doubt that a trustworthy remedy
for that, terribly fatal malady, consumption,
has at last Im.m-ii found* It those lett- rs had
been written by your l est known and most
have esteemed neighbors they could bo no more
worthy of your confidence than the) now
are, coming, as thcv do, from well known,
intelligent and trustworthy citizens, who,
in their several neighborhoods, enjoy the
fullest confidence and respect of all who
know them. Tl .
K. C MeLin, Esq., of Kcmpsville, I rincess
Anne Co., Va., wlnse portrait heads this
article, writes . " When I commenced tak-
ing Dr. Pierce's ^ • olden Med "al Discovery I
was very low with a cough and at times
spit up much hi* od. I wan not able to do
tne least work, but most of the time was 111
l od. I was all run down, very weak, my
head was dizzv and 1 was extremely despoh
dent The first bottle I took did not seem
to do me much good, but I had faith m it
and continued using it until I had taken
fifteen bottles and now I do not look nor
T| 111* U.TU W J
■ IN .1H>|, ~. i-l<i "wars ago, I weighed but 130
i*,tiiuls ninl was sinking rapidly. I °w
m i^h i:i.j,anil my health continues pel'fect.
fllsVO, e/^ tf-a . ^ 7
" Golden Medical Discovery" cures con-
sumption which is scrofula of the lungs),
by its wonderful blood-purifying, invigorat-
ing and nutritive properties. I'or weak
lungs, spitting of blood, shortnessof breath,
nasal catarrh, bronchitis, severe coughs,
asthma, and kindred affections, it is a sov-
n remedy While it promptly curee the
be wrest coughs, it strengthens the system
and purities the blood.
"Golden Medical Discovery" does not make
fat people more corpulent, but for thin, pale,
punv children, as well as for adults reduced
in ffa>b, from any cause, it is the greatest
fir a buildtr known to medical science.
*a*ty cod liver oil and its " emulsions, are
not ti be conqiarod with it in efficacy It
t il* builds up the system, and increases
" • it i ... .1 .,f iit.iud nulim**!
I" IllMJeri uoviies alio ii" .
ninl l itli. r f.-cl like tli« saun; man I was nnoycar aft" , uiUls up me system, mm ii
trill ''lit r lo an, ast.inish.,1 ami sa>. tai.ll, ta. t P o,(J ^ wld weight of those reduced
year tins time V 1 • V .Ji h ink l l">* th« u"11"1 standard of health by
that y, ii would be living now I can limine ; ,leases "
fully say I am entirely cure I ••l a 'ili^a*. ^ ) the entirH system after the
Which, but for vour wun.leif Ills y pneumonia, fevers, und other prostrat-
would have resulted 111 m> d« at i. ; I \ t diseases • to build up needed flesh
Even when tho pre,lis|iosition •nsnmp- jj strength and to rest., ro health and vigor
ti.,,, i.s inherited, it may be , « „fy0u fSil "run-down ' and " used-up '
bv tliii following a most truthrul and J world Is l>r. Pierce,
much ro8|ieoti.,l < 'anadian lady, Mrs. uitnii M,.,lical liiscoverv It promotes all
\ mm- kiln, f Brigh-.n, On. SI,., writes j O-Iden M<eTeI^ organ into
"I have long felt it my t.ulvt. .ij.'ki". h * „h(ul3 ul.tlon, purities and enriches th.
to you what ill- 1 '(Viu-ts- havi, blisKl, and through it demise*, repair., and
n sngnt lament ... - dimefor' me ' They ZJ™ | ","1^'
is thickening ..r enlargement, it " ill l„, j "p„na!,mption and l « j ^''t''e'u^i0'11ri• us refer-
better to blister; indeed, it is seldom spoodily following after them I ha<i s t rt 1 s l containing succ©«ful Heine Treat-
bud practice to blister after a sprain, ,-ough, pain, c.pi.ms e«|H.ct<iraU .n.and t ^ , hroiiic nasal catarrh., bronchitis
as it ut least insures a „r„lo„g.,l rest ^arm!,^ ^ % Sn^uml kind.-l
A case of breakdown means months of .. . • , i.„i ,.irv tim'dn
enforced Idleness, generally permam
deformity, unfitness f* r fast work, am
In some in tniwo« 1
•su aianniug ^iiiwk'hw ■ , i,,... v nwtlmui and kiudreil uiseas*'?*, >>oif
,, thought I had but a few nientlis to li . / i,v the W'orld's l,is| n« ry Mislical Associa-
that time I wa* persuaded to try th« 11_.n t f . HufTal., N' Y., "ti receipt of lix. i«nt
Medical Discovery' and the llr.1 bottle tu.uoflBulWo^. . , ^ 0l. Tlll, lv,,,!«•.
.ml | ftcteil like magic Of course, ^.CTsens.! Mei.cal Adviser, 1.U00 I«8«.
kw «—« .nagic.
vUh inndiciue and as
Cciiiimon ^m,s.! M" j^dvi^W !«««.
'tie illustrations, mailed for i.ou.
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Merritt, Lafe. El Reno Weekly Globe. (El Reno, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1 Friday, March 23, 1894, newspaper, March 23, 1894; El Reno, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc165683/m1/3/: accessed October 17, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.