The Citizen (LaKemp, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 16, 1916 Page: 3 of 4
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THE LA KEMP CITIZEN
British Capture Document Pre-
pared by Teutonic Corps
INFERIOR ON THE SOMME
Von Arnim Admits British Superiority
in Air and Artillery—Short of
Everything but Food—Draws
Lessons From Battle.
War Correspondents' Headquarters
in France.—Germany is short of guns,
aeroplanes and war material of all
sorts, but not of food, according to a
most sensationally interesting docu-
ment the British have captured, which
is called "the experience of the Fourth
■German Corps in the Battle of the
The document was written as in-
structions to the troops. It was drawn
from the lessons of the> battle by
Gen. Count Sixt von Arnim, the corps
commander, who has been fighting op-
posite the British throughout the of-
fensive. This long detailed revela-
tion of the inner 'thoughts of the Ger-
man staff discusses the methods and
shortcomings of every branch of the j
German army in view of the unexpect- I
ed power and organization the British |
The document starts out by paying
a tribute to the British infantry,
"which undoubtedly has learned much
since last autumn's offensive. It
shows great dash in attack. The Eng-
lishman also has physique and train-
ing in his favor. One must acknowl-
edge the skill of the English in rapid-
ly consolidating captured positions
and their great tenacity in the de-
fense of them."
British Artillery Very Effective.
Explicit instructions are given In
the document to the artillery to
change their methods of placing bat-
teries in villages and behind steep
slopes, because of the British method
of distribution of their artillery fire,
which prodigally searches all obvious
shelters. Owing to the terrific concen-
tration of the British artillery fire,
says the document, front lines of
trenches should be thinly held and de-
pendence placed on small groups of
machine gunners. Once the British
lay a curtain of fire on a trench, it
adds, the men had better evacuate it
and lay down in the open.
Most interesting to the officers, in
view of the fact that the British have
so consistently held ground they have
jtaken against counter-attacks, is what
Gen. von Arnim says on the sub-
"If the counter-attacks, 4which on
Account of the situation ought to be
methodically prepared, are hurried^
they cost much blood, because tin?
troops lose their trust in the leaders
If they fail, which nearly always hap-
pens," says Gen. von Armiu.
He then complains that the "exist-
ing telephone system has proved to-
tally inadequate in consequence of the
development of the fighting," and says
the artillery signal system broke
down. The .commander asserts that
he has discovered that British aero-
planes use sound signals to tell gun-
ners where their shells are falling, and
says the Fourth corps already has
•started an experiment on the same
tkind of method as a complement to the
wireless, which Is frequently Inter-
Superiority of British Airmen.
"The numerical superiority of the
,Brltish airmen and the fact that their
machines were better made are dis-
agreeably apparent to us," Gen. von
Arnim says, and he speaks of
the surprisingly bold procedure of
British airmen, who were often "able
to fire successfully on our troops with
machine guns by descending to with-
in a few hundx-ed feet of the ground."
He adds that the German antiaircraft
guns could not continue firing at that
height "without exposing their own
troops to the serious danger of shell
fragments." Before the battle of the
Somme airmen kept at anywhere from
6,000 *to 12,000 feet over the Hues on
account of antiaircraft gunfire.
Gen. von Arnim in the docu-
ment warns his Infantry to use their
rifles ugainst the daring British
aviators, lie says that the ammuni-
tion supply and the artillery are inade-
quate, and that maps were insufficient
in quantity and bad as regard details.
Also the supply of horses hus reached
the utmost limit. Of the food supply
Gen. von Arnim says:
"No special difficulties arose. The
supply columns prove sufficient."
She intends to obtain her degree of B.
B. A. (bachelor of business adminis-
tration) at the university, and then
she will return to China, where she
will teach the American business
methods to her people. She is a grad-
uate of the girls high school and is
the daughter of Chen Fong of Boston.
MUST CARE FOR MOTHER
STRYCHNINE WILL KILL CROW
Experts Are Asked to Explain
Why Chicken and Quail Are
Harrisburg, Pa.—Experts In universi-
ties and colleges of tho state have been
asked to inform the state department
of agriculture why strychnine will kill
crows and not uffect chickens when
The stat* live stock sanitary board
stirred up the question by sending out
a notice urging that crows be extermi-
nated and giving instructions as to use
of the poison.
Some people wanted to know if
chickens would be harmed by It. The
| board officials replied that they would
I not, and told of the result of an experi-
ment by one man who had written to
the department that he had fed strych-
nine in corn to brown leghorn chick-
ens and that they had not minded lt%i
When he threw It out for the crows
to eat he had to send out burial parties.
On the other hand, quail did not seem
to mind it a particle.
APPENDIX REMOVED ON SHIP
Clara Bishoff, twenty years old and
pretty, is looking for a husband who
will provide for her mother. In des-
perate straits financially the girl says
she will try to make the man who
meets her requirements happy.
Here are some of the qualifications:
The man must be between the ages of
twenty-three and thirty. He must earn
at least $50 a week. He must be gen-
tle and kind. And above all he must
provide for her mother.
You might call all this a "husband
advertisement" if you look at it one
way, but Clara Bishoff's announcement
means more than that. Twenty is not
so very old when It comes to making a
fair living for two. Here is a girl who
tried to make a meager salary do the
impossible. Yesterday she frankly ad-
mitted she had failed.
"For days I faced this," the girl
explained. "Can't you see how hard it
would be for any girl to come to a
public announcement that she wanted
a husband? It was the hardest thing
1 have ever had to do. But for moth-
er's sake I mean to see it through
AMBITION OF CHINESE GIRL
Specializes in Modern Business Meth-
ods That She May Teach
Boston, Mass.—The first Chinese
girl In the country to specialize in
modern business methods with the
idea of returning to her country to
teach has enrolled in the college of
business administration of Boston uni-
versity. The young woman, Miss Ma-
bel Chen Fong, also has the distinc-
tion of being the first Chinese girl to
attend Boston university.
Mfss Fong at present is a salesgirl.
First Successful Operation of the Kind
to Be Performed on
San Francisco.—The first successful
operation for appendicitis performed
on the Pacific ocean was revealed h^re
on the arrival of the United States
transport Sheridan from Manila via
Honolulu. Maj. E. A. Dean of the
United States medical corps performed
the operation on Milton S. Finch, a
When the Sheridan was three days
out from this port, Finch was sudden-
ly stricken with appendicitis.
Major Dean, an army surgeon re-
turning from the Philippines on the
Sheridan, was called in and asked to
operate on Finch, and while the Sheri-
dan plowed through the waves he re-
moved the appendix. Finch recovered
rapidly from the operation and was
removed to the army hospital at the
Presidio when the Sheridan arrived
MERELY_ A FARCE
Silly Talk About President Wil-
son's "Firm Convictions."
Cases of Nicaragua, Haiti, Santo Do-
mingo, and Panama Show How His
Idea of Inviolable Rights
Dr. Julian Irlas, a member of the
liberal party of Nicaragua, wanted to
be elected president of that republic
In the recent national election. He
went to Washington to ask the per-
mission of the United States govern-
ment to be a candidate. He was told
at the state department that the per-
mission would be forthcoming provid-
ed that he would consent to consult
the United States about Nlcaraguan
finances In the event of his election;
that he would recognize all treaties be-
tween Nicaragua and the United
States; that he would request the
United States to keep its marines in
Nicaragua, and that he would be
agreeable to the American policy in
favor of the abolition of the Nlcara-
guan army and the creation instead of
a constabulary officered by Americans.
Having given these promises Doctor
Irias returned to Nicaragua and was
nominated for president by the liberal
party. But, according to the story he
and his followers tell, ho found he had
been double crossed. The American
minister had taken charge of the elec-
tion and arrangements had been made
to beat Doctor Irias. Accordingly the
doctor did not run. That is, no liberal
went to the polls. Senor Clujmorro,
the conservative candidate, backed by
the American minister, won. Now a
evolution is brewing in Nicaragua.
"Two considerations," says the Dem-
ocratic campaign text book, "have ani-
mated the president in the formulation
of his Mexican policy and have com-
pelled his adherence to it throughout
his administration, namely: The firm
conviction that all nations, both the
weak and the powerful, have the in-
violable right to control their inter-
nal affairs," etc.
Nicaragua, like Haiti, Santo Domin-
go and Panama is a shining example
of what the president's firm convic-
tion as to inviolable rights actually
means in practice.
MR. HUGHES NOT CHANGED
New York World'6 Opinion of Candi-
date, Expressed in 1906, Was
the Right One.
"When Mr. Hughes promises to give
the people of New York a clean, hon-
est administration, free from boss rule
and corporation Influence, they can ac-
cept ids word His record is that
of a man who keeps his word faithful-
ly and scrupulously. When has he ever
broken a public promise or repudiated!
a public pledge?"
No, brother, this is not an extract}
from the Republican campaign text
book. It is taken from the editorial
column of the New York World, tho
present leading journalistic supporter
of Woodrow Wilson, dated October 12,
This same paper, on January 2,1908,
remarked that "Among all the gov-
ernors of .the 40 states Mr. Hughes
holds a unique position as to power.
Influence and opportunity." On May
1, 1908, the World recorded that "Gov-
ernor Hughes has probably less ego
in him than any other really big man
in public life. He Is so exacting in
himself that he looms small In self-
estimation compared with the public's
Mr. Hughes has not changed. Tho
New York World has. That's all.
COUSINS WED BY TELEPHONE
Missouri Man Sidesteps the Law In
Marriage to Girl in Ala-
Fulton, Mo.—It became known that
the Rev. Z. T. McCann, pastor of the
Memorial Methodist church, St. Louis,
was married to Miss Carrie McCann
of Oxford, Ala., by long distance tele-
phone. The bride is his first cousin.
She was at her home in Alabama and
he was in St. Louis when the cere-
mony was performed.
The marriage of first cousins Is for-
bidden in Missouri, but there is no
Alabama law against it. Lawyers as-
sured McCann that a telephone mar-
riage would be legal.
Saves $500 From Tips.
Ann Arbor, Mich.—John Summers,
seventeen, has saved $500 in a year
from his tips as a bellboy. He re-
ceives $10 a month and his board. His
tips run from $10 toe$20 a week. He
bought a typewriter with his first sav-
ings and rents it to guests as a side
Old Hen Keeps on Laying.
Beaverdale, Pa.—Thomas Mannion
of No. G Beaverdale street is the own-
er of a hen which Is thirty-six years
old. She is not suffering from old age
or debility either; Instead the hatches
out one or two settings of eggs each
year and is still laying.
FRENCH DIRIGIBLE IN THE SOMME REGION
California Republicans United.
"Republicans of California are in
harmony and will support the Repub-
lican candidate for United States sena-
tor, Gov. Hiram Johnson," declared O.
A. Jackson of San Francisco, at the
Willard. "Many Republican leaders
had hoped that the regular Republi-
can candidate, Willis BootM^would be
nominated, and the Democrats, I may
say, also were hoping this would oc-
cur, because they saw in it a possible
split In the party and the election of
a Democrat to succeed Senator Works.
With the nomination of Johnson, how-
ever, the Republicans have accepted
the situation, and I am confident they
will support the nominee. Johnson,
of course, will get all the Progressive
votes, and with the Republicans voting
solidly for him, as I believe they will,
there Is not the slightest doubt that
they will elect him.
"This situation in California puts a
dent in the Democratic hopes of gain-
ing a senator in a Republican State."
Mr. Marshall Is Inconsistent.
Tom Marshall, in his Terre Haute
speech, declared that were President
Wilson to die he would resign rather
than accept the awful responsibilities
of the presidency. If he feels that
way about it, why did he accept a re-
nomination for the vice presidency?
And why does he not even now retire
from the ticket? We all know that we
elect a vice president In order that
he may become president If the presi-
dent dies, and we all know, too, that
the possibilities of such a succession
are great. Three of the last ten men
elected president fcave died In office,
and Mr. Marshall as vice president
might be called any day to assume the
office of chief executive.
Shows Democratic Weakness.
The friends of President Wilson ad-
mit the weakness of their candidate
when they persist in wanting to know
what Hughes would have done. Tho
query Is a confession that the presi-
dent has made a mess of things. If
they were satisfied with his course
they would point to It with pride, but
they are not and they k^iow that 10th-
ers are not satisfied.
They do not undertake to justify
what he has done In Mexico, for ex-
ample. They fall back on the lame
expedient of asking what someone
else would have done that might bo
more satisfactory. What Mr. Hughes
would have done Is not at Issue. As
The Star has pointed out before, It Is
idle to discuss how he would have met
conditions that never would have de-
veloped under different handling.
The interesting fact now is not what
anyone else would have done, but what
President Wilson did do. Even his sup-
porters tacitly acknowledge that he
bungled, and they are asking the pub-
lic to overlook that fact and return^
him to office. They convict their own
candidate when they attempt to fasten
on his opponent some of the embar-
rassment that is theirs.
Real Party Politics.
A little while ago the Democrats
were charging that the Republicans, by
assailing the botch the administration
had made of our international rela-
tions, were unpatriotic In that they
were dragging partisan politics into
foreign affairs. "Partisanship," said
Robert Lansing, secretary of state,
with becoming gravity, "should stop at
Now comes the president with his*
demagogic cry that If he is not re-
elected president the Republicans wilt
plunge the country Into war. This is
playing party politics In foreign affairs
with a vengeance. It endeavors to
make the other nations of the world a
party to our domestic election. Un-s
warranted In fact, uttered with a su-
preme carelessness as to the result on
American prestige and standing
abroad, put forth in a panic when the
fatuousness of other cries was demon-
strated, it marks the low estate to
which the presidency in present hands
Foolish Attack on Railroads.
"They," (the railroads) "have kept
you in communications which you did
not stand in need of, for you know
how to take care of yourselves," said
President Wilson in his campaign
speech at Omaha on October 5.
Back to the simple life, then; back
to the prairie schooner and the ox
cart. For that, if he meant anything
at all, is what the president must have
meant in this unctuous
the Nebraska voters.
Why Women Are for Hughes.
The Democratic party In Its nation-
al platform takes the ground that It
believes in equal suffrage but as a
national party is without power to
grant it, and the presidential candi-
date of the party does not point a way.
The presidential candlflate of the Re-
publican party advocates the enact-
ment of an equal suffrage amendment
to the federal Constitution demon-
strating that he really means what
he says when he says he la in favor
of equal suffrage. Is it wonderful un-
der the circumstances that a large pro-
portion of the women who desire the
ballot and are organized to promoto
their cause feel more friendly to the
candidacy of Mr. Hughes than toward
that of Mr. Wilson?
More of the Same Coming.
Secretary J. B. Reynolds of the Re-
publican national committee was told
of the Democratic philosophy in re-
gard to Maine. "They rluim It is a
Democratic victory." his informant
"Fine!" Mr. Reynolds exclaimed.
"We will give them some more Just
What Michigan's Primary Shows.
The official canvass of the votes cast
In the primary in Michigan brings out
clearly the way the Republicans and
Progressives are united on practically
flattering of | a 1UU per cent basis in the Wolverine
state. The vote in the primary was
the largest ever recorded in Michigan
since the direct primary law went Into
effect. There was cast on the Repub-
lican side a total of 284,640 votes.
There was cast ou the Democratic side
a total of 29,935 votes.
These figures back up the conten-
tions of Republican leaders that tha
state will go Republican in Novembei
by an old-time Michigan majority ol
better thau 100,000.
one of the French dirigible balloons that are doln* such valuable scouting duty in the Somme sec'nr
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The Citizen (LaKemp, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 16, 1916, newspaper, November 16, 1916; Lakemp, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc164823/m1/3/: accessed May 19, 2022), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.