The Citizen (LaKemp, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 16, 1916 Page: 2 of 4
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THE LA KEMP CITIZEN
Value Demonstrated in Recent
Experiments at Beltsville.
PLAN IS VERY PRACTICABLE'
Grade Berkshires, Uniform in Size,
Averaging 93 Pounds Were Used—
Ample Room for Exercise
Was Given Animals.
(From the United States Department of
The value of the self-feeder method
of fattening pigs wus demonstrated in
an experiment recently carried out at
the experimental farm of the bureau of
animal industry at Reltsvllle, Md. The
object was to determine the value of
this system as compared with the or-
dinary method of hand feeding.
The pigs used In the experiment
were grade Berkshires farrowed in the
fall of 1915. They averaged U.'i pounds
per head when the experiment started.
The hand-fed lot were fed three
times dully, the amount being governed
by the appetites. The ration given the
hand-fed hogs was composed of 5 parts
coi iuneal, 4 parts middlings anil t part
tankage. The cornmeal and supple-
ments were mixed dry. Just before
feeding, the amount to be fed was
weighed and then mixed into a thick
pounds, 87.5 pounds more than the
hand-fed pigs. The self-fed pigs con-
sumed a greater quantity of feed per
head during the fcest than the hand-fed
pigs, but it took only 405 pounds of
feed to produce 100 pounds at a cost of
$5.67, while the hand-fed pigs pro-
duced 100 pounds of gain at a cost of
The self-fed pigs made a better show-
Self-Feeding Hay Rack.
Ing, surpassing the hand-fed lot In both
rate and economy of gains. The re-
sults of the experiment clearly show
that for quick fattening the self-feedei
is very practicable.
slop, enough water being used to make
the slop pour out of the bucket with-
out sticking. The feeding was done
at 7 and 11:30 o'clock in the forenoon
and 4:80 o'clock in the afternoon.
The self-fed lot had free access at
all times to cornmeal, middlings and
tankage in separate compartments of
a self-feeder. Close watch was kept
on the feeder, and a supply of each
Both lots of pigs were kept in dry
lots a quarter of an acre in size. The
pigs were given ample room for exer-
cise and sufficient shelter. The pigs
in both lots had access to a mineral
mixture composed of:
Charcoal, bushel 1
Hardwood ashos, bushel l
Halt, pounds s
Alr-slaker lime, pounds S
Sulphur, pounds 4
Pulverized copperas, pounds 2
Summary of Results.
Feeding porlod, l''eb. 22 to May 2, 1916—
Number of pigs 9 9
Average initial weight
pounds 94.00 92.00
Average final weight,
pounds 167.50 205.00
Average gain per pig,
pounds 73.50 113.00
Average daily gain,
pounds 1.04 1.6t
Feed eaten dully by pi^:
Corn meal, pounds 2,13 6.4G
Middlings, pounds 1.70 .81
Tankage, pounds 42 .28
Avoinue daily ration,
pounds 4.25 6.55
Pounds of feed per 100
pounds gain 410.00 405.00
Cost of 100 pounds gain. Jii.24 J5.t>7
•Ration: 5 parts corn meal, 4 parts mid-
dlings, 1 part tankage.
xRation: Cornmeal, middlings, tankage.
The cost per ton of feed used in the
experiments was as follows: Cornmeal,
$27; middlings, $30; tankage, $50.
All the pigs In the self-feeder lot
maintained keen appetites during the
70 days of feeding. The hand-fed pigs
averaged 04 pounds per head and the
self-fed pigs 92 pounds per head at the
beginning of the test. At the end of 70
days the hand-fed pigs averaged 167.5
pounds and the self-fed pigs 205
PLOW WHEAT GROUND EARLY
Buries Hessian Fly and Gives Soil
Time to Become Moist and Com-
Early plowing of wheat Is beneficial
in more ways than one. Not only does
it bury the Hessian fly, hut it also
gives time for the plowed soil to be-
come moist nud compact underneath.
Such a condition of the soil is (Hllieult
to secure if plowing is put off until
September. Keeping down the weeds
ill so conserves soil moisture and plant
foods. From five to seven hundred
tons of water are necessary to pro-
duce a ton of dry weeds and moist of
this may be saved for the wheat crop.
Plant food Is made available more
rapidly when early plowing is prac-
ticed, due to the better air circulation.
If the weeds are kept down, this fotnl
is stored up and ready to give the
wheat a quick, vigorous start when
seeding time comes. If, on the other
hand, the weeds are allowed to grow,
they will draw heavily on this plant
food and while they will eventually die
and decay, restoring it to the soil, the
KEEP FARM TOOLS IN ORDER
Holder for Disks and Colters for Usa
When They Are Being Sharp-
ened Is Handy Device.
The Scientific American in illustrat-
ing and describing a holder for disks
and colters while they are being sharp-
ened, Invented by J. J. Hinds and M,
it. Wright of Wall Lake, la., says:
"This holder lias a frame supported
by, and movable vertically relatively to,
(he stationary frame, the movable
frame having a bearing at one end, in
which a vertical shaft is journaled, this
shaft having a thread meshing in a
threaded orifice in a member secured
to the stationary frame. The shaft has
flanges disposed so that the movable
frame may be raised or lowered rela-
tively to the stationary frame of a
crank secured to the shaft. Journaled
in bearings in the movable frame Is a
longitudinally extending shaft, to the
outer end of which is secured a disk
or colter to be ground, the longitudinal
Holder for Disks and Colters.
shaft being driven by gearing, which
connects a transverse shaft, having a
crank, with the longitudinal shaft.
GOOD AS RAT EXTERMINATOR
Exhaust Gases From Motor Proved Effi-
cient by Illinois Farmer—Every
The exhaust gases of a gasoline en-
gine are said to be fatal to rats. The
chlckenhouse of an Illinois farmer was
infested with them. He attached a hose
to the exhaust pipe of his motor car,
Inserted the other end under the floor
and set the engine running. Twenty rats
tried to escape, but were killed by dogs
and when he took up the floor lie
found 140 rats dead or stupefied, not
Cut Out Surplus Runners.
Hoe out the surplus strawberry run-
ners just as If they were weeds—which
they are. Crowded plants mean a poor
crop next June.
Old, Sour Swill Barrel.
7>o away with the old, sour swill bar-
rel. It's a disgrac* to your farm.
wheat will not do well, for if the
wheat crop waits until the weeds de-
cay.—the danger from winterkilling
will be grefltly increased. This differ-
ence in growth may make the differ-
ence between winterkilling nud good
Examine Colt's Teeth.
If the colt shows colic symptoms or
Is not doing well, examine his teeth.
A sharp tooth, cutting tongue or cheek
will prevent grinding the food and
cause trouble. Sometimes a tooth
A Missouri county agent reports au
orchard-spraying demonstration that
resulted in profits of $1,800 in 1015,
when profits of from $500 to $600 a
year had usually been received with-
Thin Apples and Plutis.
Do no let the apple and plum trees
hear too heavily. The fruit 'should
have been thiuued to from four to als
Evening Frocks Have Novelty
Silhouette Is Made a Feature of
the Latest Edict of Fash-
"VAMPIRE" EFFECT IS SEEN
Changes In Costumes Which Are to Be
Considered "The Thing" Have
Been Many and Varied—Ruf-
fles a Serious Part of
the New Styles.
Whatever we may do about house
md street frocks, it looks as though
the new silhouette for the evening
will struggle itself into first place. It
Is neither medieval nor first empire,
but it has enough of both in it to be
Anything that makes the figure bulge
at any part of its length is wrong.
Probably, this is a good summary of
the truth to be remembered by the
woman who goes shopping.
The large majority of the evening
gowns would make one believe that
the popularity of Theda Bara in the
moving pictures had revived the vam-
pire in social life. It has been quite
some time since fashion allowed wom-
en to have clinging clothes that swirled
around the ankles, outlined the hips,
neglected to cover the upper part of
the body and were followed by obedi-
ent trains that crawled in a serpentine
manner to give emphasis to the vam-
pire effect. And in addition to this sil-
houette, there are sequins and glitter-
ing scales of red, yellow, blue and
black that are used to cover gowns,
intricate, swirling designs of metal
thread, herns' heavily weighted by gor-
geous jewel work and girdles made of
sinuous, glittering metals that have no
substance and body, but only color and
price. There are waving, floating dra-
peries that reach to the fingertips in-
stead of sleeves. There are gorgeous
jewels worn with these gowns, gems
that are seductive and mysterious and
full of warm tones.
For two years we have exposed our-
selves below the knees, and this season
sve expose ourselves above the waist
and cover the legs. It is never a question
of modesty with fashion; it is a ques-
tion of which part of the body shull be
uncovered, and there was a brief
period during last winter when the
scarcity of material above and below
the waistline arrived at such a propor-
tion that one was shocked into wonder-
ing what would be eliminated further.
the hips and add a train of velvet or.
satin pendant from the waistline at the
back, you may be able to bring this
frivolous frock into the stately sil-
houette; but as the season progresses,
gowns will grow longer and narrower.
All the straws show that the wind
blows in this direction.
French Street Suit.
As long ago as last July, those who
watch straws, rather than shop win-
dows, insisted upon the fact that even
street suits should maintain a straight
silhouette. Every woman in France,
smart and otherwise, had removed all
manner of stiffening from her skirts
as early as July and allowed the full-
ness to fall into the figure as softly
as muslin, and yet the American dress-
BERNARD'S BORGIA GOWN.
He calls it Lucrece. It is of metal
cloth in green and gold, brocaded with
gold flowers. There is a train of gold
lace which hangs from the waist.
There were gowrfs worn by young girls
in public which reminded one of the
remark made by a witty French wom-
an, who said that If her skirts were
made by Callot and her bodices by
Poiret, her costume would consist of a
Last Season's Fashions Dead.
If a woman is able to struggle
through the next few months without
buying new clothes and still remain
suflicientiy in fashion, she will have
to place all her ruffles on her street
clothes. There are few evening gowns
on this contiuent that will be able to
10 first-class duty this winter, unless
.me is skillful at alteration.
This argumeut may seem to prove
untrue according to the shop windows
and the gowns that hang in glass cases
in dressmaking places. There are
skirts that are bunched at the waist
and there are others that have two
frills standing out from waist to hem,
but these are not in leonic era, and not
direct from Caesar.
Now, against ail these Incoming fash-
Ions. huw does a short, milled tulle
gown, bunched on the hips, appear?
11 you can soften the lining, flatten
BULLOZ' IMPERATR1CE JOSEPH-
It is made of black velvet with a
band of silver lace at hem and V-
shaped pieces of green velvet under
the arms. There is an ornament back
and front, and shoulder straps made of
emeralds and rhinestones.
makers and tailors insisted upon fla--
ing the tailor-made skirts out from the
waistline and hips and putting into
them an unnecessary amount of full-
Manufacturers continued to make
stiffened petticoats, and those who
were interested in crinolines advanced
them weekly as an aid to the new
styles. Now, who'wants a petticoat
or a bit of crinoline? The latter is
tabooed and the former is discarded
The manufacturers in France have
seen to it that the new fabrics carry
out the new silhouette. They are not
able to flare. They are too soft. They
are woven so that they will reveal,
rather than conceal, the lines of the
figure. The skirts are not narrow, but
they are not unusually full, and they
hang limp from the waist.
The women of France also length-
ened their skirts on the first of July
and this is a sure forerunner of what
we will do by Thanksgiving. There
is not any strong evidence so far that
women have ripped out the hems of
their skirts, but in a few weeks the
skirt that we wore last winter will look
absurdly short and there will be an un-
comfortable feeling that will demand
the addition of a band of velvet or fur
if the hem is not wide enough to be
used to lengthen it.
The season has been seething for
three weeks, and the experts are able
now to divide all the new Fiencb
gowns into classes.
(Copyright, by the McClure Newspaper
Smart Frocks of Net.
Extremely pretty net frocks, em-
broidered and lace-trimmed, are among
the new models, as they always are,
for the net frock is a useful and safe
"filler" for any wardrobe and can be
worn the year round for some pur-
poses. A high-necked model with a
deep crepe of the net covering the
bodice from a shallow shirred and
corded yoke to the top of a wide gir-
dle of gorgeous brocade ribbon Is new,
but though the high-necked bodice and
blouse are still insistent and will prob-
ably be very modish throughout the
autumn, high-necked arrangements
never* succeed to any great extent.
American women, though still ready to
adopt freakish fashions, do insist upon
comfort more than they did In earlier
years, and a mode thoroughly uncom-
fortable is not likely to make any
Satin Is used exteusively this au-
tumn and from all indications it will
continue one of the smartest of win-
WIFE TOO ILL
IN "bed most of time
Her Health Restored by Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Indianapolis, Indiana. — " My health
Was so poor and my constitution bo run
down that I could
not work. I was
thin, pale and weak,
weighed but 109
pounds and was in
bed most of the
time. I began tak-
ing Lydia E. Pink-
Compound and five
months later I
weighed 133 pounds.
I do all the house-
work and washing for eleven and I can
truthfully say Lydia E. Pinkham's Veg-
etable Compound has been a godsend
to me for I would have been in my grave
today but for it. I would tell all wo-
men suffering as I was to try your valu-
able remedy."—Mrs. Wm. Green, 332
There is hardly a neighborhood in this
country, wherein some woman has not
found health by using this good old-
fashioned root and herb remedy.
If there is anything about which you
would like special advice, write to tha
Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn,
WHY STRIVE TO KILL TIME?
If Annihilation Were Possible the
World Would Remain Just Ex-
actly as It Is Today.
There are so many gentle proverbs
devoted to the praise of Time, that It
Is wonderful to think how, in our day,
that comely Titan has come to be re-
garded by the most of us as our worst
We are forever scheming how to
forereach him, to get the better of him,
even—in the extravagant phrase of the
speed-at-any-price maniacs—to anni-
Those, to be sure, fail to see how
the consummation of their ideal would
leave them exactly at the point from
which they started.
Even the forty minutes girdle round
about the earth, If achieved, would
soon exhaust the excursive potential-
ities of existence; and, unless science
is prepared to deal triumphantly with
the problem of penetrating and breath-
ing atmosphereless space, one fails to
see what the world would gain through
a perfected system of aeroplanes but
the taedium vitae in its final and quite
"You say the poor thing Is unhap-
py?" asked the woman who listens
"Yes," replied the woman who talks.
"She has one of those ambitious hus-
bands who wants her to go Into poli-
tics, so that he can become socially
and good digestion go
hand in hand, and one
of the biggest aids to
good digestion is a regu-
lar dish of
This wonderfully delicious
wheat and barley food is so
processed that it yields its
nourishing goodness to *he
system in about one hour—a
record for ease of digestion.
Take it all 'round, Grape-
Nuts contributes beautifully
to sturdiness of body and a
radiant, happy personality.
Every table should have its
daily ration of Grape-Nuts.
0There's a Reason"
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The Citizen (LaKemp, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 16, 1916, newspaper, November 16, 1916; Lakemp, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc164823/m1/2/: accessed May 19, 2022), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.