Daily Ardmoreite (Ardmore, Okla.), Vol. 27, No. 201, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 1, 1920 Page: 1 of 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
. - DAILY ARDMOREITE
' V s'v ' Km UK Heart 4k Oil Ksgiioint
FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS.
ARDMOPwE OKLAHOMA TUESDAY JUNE 1 1920.
Northwest Di-Well Proves a Good Producer
Again Materially Extends the Great Hewitt Oil Field
Attorney General Palmer Submits
Sweeping Charge That The Assistant
Secretary Of Labor Has Perverted
Sympathy For The Criminal Anarchist
Washington Jane 1. Charging that
Louis F. Post assislar.t secretary of
labor had "perverted sympathr"
!for the criminal aoaj-clurt Attorney
iGetieral Pimr told the house conv
bnittee loday that in dehttng with at-
'tempts of '.he government to rid th
'country of (axigeroui aliens Mr. Prat
'had empWyed a "sett w iled and &-
jtocrailo kobstttntlon of Lis own mis-
taken personal viewp-int tor the ob-
jects ef the public law'
Mr. Palmer waa testifying before the
rales committee which to Investigat
ing the official conduct of Mr. Post
dn deportation proceedings.
"Br bis habitually tender solicitude
ior social revolutionists and perverted
sympathy Ior the criminal anarchists
of this country" the attorney general
declared Mr. Post has consistently de-
prived the people of their day In
court. In the enforcement of a law
of vital importance to their peace and
safety. By his wholesale jail deliver-
ies and his release of even self-eon-fesaed
anarchists of the worst type
he bas utterly nullified the purpose
of the congress in passing the depor-
tation statute and has set at large
amongst the people the very public
enemies whom It was the desire
and Intention of the congress to be
rid of. He has defied the rnles of
evidence as laid down by our most
responsible courts; has cancelled bun.
dreds of legal warrants Issued by his
department entirely without justifica-
tion and in face of the facts; has
flouVd the judgment of a committee
of the senate which has Investigated
one of the cases before him; be has
shown constant favors to violators
of the law and their attorneys refus-
ing even common courtesy to the de-
partment of Justice which is charge!
with the duty of enforcing the laws
and in order to distract public at-
tention from his obvious failures to
perform his own duty has showered
upon the department of justice a mass
of charges of misconduct in hope
trat he could put this department of
enforcement of the government on the
defensive in the face of criminal en-
emies from whose activities the de-
partment has sought to protect the
government and the people."
Mr. Palmer said .be hoped "It
might never be necessary to indulge
In any criticism of another govern-
ment official" but the "outrageous
and unconstitutional falsehoods" laid
before the committee by Mr. Poet
required definite answers
"It Is not surprising" he added
"that $lr. Post when the opportunity
has presented Itself in an official
way to render a service to those
who advocate force and violence
iihould employ It to the limit. He
has always been sympathetic with
that sort of thing."
In answering Mr. Posts statement
that he had "cancelled deportation
warrants only where facta warranted
such action" Mr. Palmer cited num.
erous individual cases which he
claimed placed the assistant secre
.tary in a position of "passive tolef.
ance and encouragement" of bolshe-
vik! literature and propaganda.
He also submitted records to the
department showing the particular
persons actively identified with the
spread the doctrine of the dictator-
ship of tho proletariat. Mr. Palmer
"Even after we had produced evi-
dence showing the Individual to have
been a member of the communist
party which the secretary of labor
had held to be unlawful."
Mr. Palmer declared Mr. Post had
"become a factor In the revolutionary
plan" but he credited the assistant
with having been led into it "un-
consciously." He said however that
the attitude in which he had pictured
the labor department official was one
(which ante-dated Mr. Post's service
j in the government. Here he quoted
I from editorials written by Mr. Poet
I when he was editor of "The Public"
a magazine which the attorney gen-
. era! called "very radical."
Regarding Mr. Poet's assertion that
I "with ' all the sweeping raids only
j three pistols have been- found" Mr.
j Palmer declared that while the nuin-
ber of guns found in no way IndV
i cated the potential danger of the
i aliens department agents not only
I found scores of them but bombs and
!' other Implements of destruction as
well. He named a dozen cities in
which he said the raids had disclosed
actions of aliens In the use of bombs.
Charges by Jackson H. Ralston
counsel for Mr. Post that the De-
partment of Justice had provocateur
agents In service who were engaged
in fofnlng new communist organisa-
tions against which raids could he
directed were characterized by 'the
I attorney general as "deliberate and
unwsranted falsehoods.'' He said some
gam confidential Information had
joined outlawed organizations but .be
challenged "anybody to show that any
one of the department employes has
evrr organised or has been Instru
mental in carrying out the policies
or program of any radical organlza
Exempt from Income Tax
Washington June 1. Thj supreme
court today declared unconstitutional
provisions In toe war revenue act of
1919 requiring the president of the
united states and ail federal judges
i including members of the supreme
court to pay income tax on their
salaries. .. ...
OWING TO COMPLICATIONS
TRADING ON THR NEW TORE.
COTTON EXCHANGE SUSPENDS
New York June 1. Trading on
the New York cotton exchange was
suspended today owing to confu-
sion over the status of the pres-
ent contract under which trad-
ing is carried on. The bill to con-
tinue this contract In force has
been sent to the president and is
expected to receive the president's
signature during the day.
JESUS THE SPECIALIST
TOPIC FOR' TONIGHT'S
SERVICE AT REVIVAL
The large tent for the 'tabernacle
to be used by Dr. Ashley Chappell
and Rev. R. L. Jackson of Broadway
Methodist church In conducting the
big revival services begun Sunday
has arrived and Is being erected on
the Masonic lot jnst north of the
church on B street northwest. The
servioes will be held tonight at the
church but by tomorrow night the
tabernacle will be ready for use.
The tabernacle will be provided
with comfortable seats and will ac
commodate from 1200 to 1500 people.
Nearly every denomination in the
city was represented in the congre-
gation last night and a group of
Christians came forward .at the close
of the services pledging themselves
to work for the meeting and to pray
In the sermon last night Dr. Chap
pell emphasized the importance of
prayer for a revival. He said It
was necessary for the Christian peo
ple to do a great deal of praying
If the meeting is a success. Several
visiting pastors were In the audience
Tonight the delegates and pastors
who pass through Ardmore en route
to the league conference at RlngHng
will be visitors at the services. There
will be at least 25 or SO delegates
who came in on the afternoon trains.
Among those will be pastors from
Marietta Pauls Valley Sulphur Davis
and other towns.
A great crowd is expected tonight.
The Christian people should avail
themselves of this great opportunity.
and should begin at the very begin
ning to attend all the services. Those
who are not Christians are prom
ised not to be embarrassed and a cor
dial Invitation is extended to them
to be present
The theme Dr. Chappell will discuss
this evening Is "Jesus the Specialist"
The professional men of the city to
gether with all others are urged to
be present A song book and a fan
will be given you at the door as you
BLAMED FDR HEAD-ON
Tulsa Okla. June 1. The death
list in the wreck near White Oaii.
five miles and a half west of Vlnlta
stood at five today.
The revised list of dead follows:
James J. Randall Monatt Mo. en
gineer on west-bound train; W. A.
Dunham Fort Scott Kansas engi-
neer on east-bound train.
John Muse news agent west-bound
train home Oklahoma pty.
Algie E. Burns Kansas City maO
clerk east-bound train.
Al Martin negro Chelsea
Hospital authorities in Vinita re-
ported all seriously injured doing
nicely this morning and that it was
expected all would recover.
The wreck waa cleared late yuster
day and normal train service was
established last nlgbt. A full inves-
tigation is being made to determine
who Is responsible fur '.the wreck.
Confusion of orders is blamed for
bringing the two passenger trains
together In a head-on collision.
Sapulpa Okla. June 1. General Su
perlntendent H. P. Brown of the
Frisco Railroad Company arrived
here today and went into conference
with L. N. Bassett division superin
tendont to establish who la to blame
for tbs head-oncolllRlon near White
Oak early yesterday morning when
five were killed and a score injured.
It was established at the confer
ence that Conductor Putnam In
charge of the westbound train recelv
ed an order to make White Oak if
he could beforo 12:17 o'clock but
later he signed a release to this order
at Vlnlta at 11 0 o'clock and 16 min-
utes later the train palled out ot
Superintendent Brown expocts to go
to Oklahoma City where Conductor
Putnam was taken and confer with
him either late today or tomorrow.
Garvin County Sheriff Here
Charles F. Worley sheriff of Gar-
vin county was In the city today oa
official business. . . . .
t . P 4t - IW -
4 ti ; h df. M'i- VHiA MI fiv 4;
L . v rT II 'f'r Ik tA lip- J
' r s? ?tt ft a i '' v 1 . f. ;
'r.- -- .. T..J-Y i-f ..' .i.-r-.
Theso ore members of ths Woman's
done at police headquarters. In New
ing under the difficult but very practical conuiuous.
CLASH WHEN OFFICER'S
CAR IS STONED BY THE
Chicago June 1. Rioting between
sailors and marines from the Groat
Lakes naval training station and ne-
groes at Waukegan a suburb which
for a time threatened to assume seri
ous proportions was brought under
control early today after 200 addi-
tional provost guards were hurried
to Waukegan in motor trucks. A
number of shots were fired but it
was not believed any one was hit.
The trouble began according to po-
lice reports when nefrro boys who
had been stoning automobiles hit the
windshield of a training station offi
cer's motor car. showering his wife
The service men charged a negro
hotel drove out tho guests and dam
aged the building. Five sailors were
arrested by Waukegan policemen.
JAMES BARRON TAKES
The board of directors of the Cham
ber of Commerce held their regular
weekly luncheon at tho Whittington
Cafe today all members of tfle board
being present with the exception of
Reports were ready by tho chairmen
of the various conuuittces relative to
arrangements that are being mado
to entertain the old soldiers who meet
here in annual reunion June 9th 10th
The directors authorized tho chair-
man of the committee on street pav-
ing to have abstracts of all coutracts
now existing between the city and
various paving companies mado and
present t he sarao at tho next regular
Tho- directors also authorized the
employment of a band director to re-
organize the Chamber of Commerce
band to purchaso instruments and
any necessary supplies to tho end that
Ardmore may havo a high class mu-
sical organization. Don Cochran was
named as chairman of this committee
with power to act
The board will meet again tonight
to take up some Important matters
that have been ponding fur quite a
James Barron woll known citizen
of Ardmore assumed his duties as
secretary of the Chamber of Commerce
today. Mr. Barron Is a man well qual-
ified to take up this work and can
be depended upon to put a lot of vim
In the newly urgauized Cliamber of
STATE IVBOR COMMISSIONER
ASSURES FARMERS OF HELP
IN COMINU HARVESTS
Oklahoma City Juno 1. An ample
supply of labor from outside the state
Is assured Oklahoma during tho com-
ing harvest season and there will bo
no Bhortago of harvest hands Claude
K. Connelly state commissioner of la-
bor said today. The men will start
moving toward Oklahoma as soon as
the state department gives notion that
tho fields are ready for harvest he
said- It is expected the first laborers
from outside the state will arrive about
Mr. Connelly gave tho following as
tho counties which will require the
larger part of the outside labor. King-
fisher Uarfleld Alfalfa Woods Wood-
ward Major Blaine Grant Kay Kills
Harper Beaver and ttewey.
Practice For Shooting Contest In
Motor Corps of America. Tho practicing of their novel contest is- being j
York. Revolver sights mado luminous
RUMORS THAT ARDMORE
CAUGHT IN DRAG-NET
AS POFITEERS HAS NO
FOUNDATION ON FACTS
United States Marshal Dick Hlg-
night vrasvfjked this morning relative
to the reported investigation of al-
leged profiteering in Ardmore and he
stated he had nothing to give out at
this time and refused to say whether
or not there were any special officers
here at work.
lie stated that If anything was dona
in the matter it would all be brought
out before the federal grand Jury that
win convene at McAlester In a short
time but farther than that he could
not make any definite statement.
Some time ago United States Com-
missioner Spaulding stated that he
had been informed that an Investiga-
tion would take place and for an he
knew the Investigation was going on
but nothing has ever been made pub-
lic relative to the matter although
many unfounded rumors have been
Until the federal grand Jury makes
Its report nothing definite will be
known relative to local conditions.
It might be added however that all
reports current upon the streets to the
effect that certain Ardmore dealers
have been haled before the United
States commissioner and fined for vi-
olation of the Lever act are without
The line of procedure In all federal
courts Is the same and a United
States commissioner has no authority
to fino any delinquent for any offense.
If a person is charged with an of-
fense against the federal government
no matter how trivial or how danger-
ous all that the commissioner can do
If the 'evidence deduced before him
presupposes the-guilt df the defend-
ant. Is to hold the party under bond
to await action of the federal grand
Jury. Should the offender be Indicted
then his trial comes on in regular or-
der before the federal Judge and he
Is tried bi.fore a Jury.
The federal Judge following the
same lines pursued by tho trial judges
of the statu courts passes upon and
adjudicates all demurrers and motions
und after theso have been disposed of
unless any demurrers may be sustain-
ed the case goes to trial before a
regular panel of jurors the federal dis-
trict attorney representing the govern-
ment as prosecutor'.
DEIjAY EXPECTED IN
DECIDING PROFITEERING CASES
Oklahoma City Juno 1. It was
announced at . tho offico ot the
United States district attorney's
office here that briefs in the Ok-
lahoma sugar profiteering case
a decision in which was expected
today were not filed with Judgo
John C. Pollock at Kansas City
Kansas until late yesterduy. As-
sistant District Attorney Peck de-
clared no decision is expected for
POLITICAL AM) NATIRAL
BLESSINGS SHOWERED ON
THIS OKLAHOMA' MAN
Jenks Okla June 1. Albert
Cravens son of Charles Cravens
formerly post master here has
been appointed postmaster of
Jenks. Today ho received notice
of the appointment and a baby
boy was burn to his wife. Ho is
proud as though he had been
named poHtm&ster gonerat.
Vfa v .
with radium- facilitate straight shoot
IN BLACK-TAN FIGHTS
Chicago June 1. Hearings on the
claims of contesting delegations to
next week's convention continued to-
day to occupy the attention of the
The fighting Florida was first on
the program and next camo the
three-cornered contests from the Dis-
trict of Columbia. A special sub-committee
composed of Committeeman
Warren of Michigan Du Pont of
Delaware and Parson of New York
spent most of the night examining
the law and the 'facts in the Florida
contest and prepared a report on the
claims of the contestants and possibly
a recommendation for a recourse of
action by - tho committee. Tho case
which the committee was called on
to decide was whether there is in
legal effect a republican party in
Florida promised a sense to show
first Indications on the candadicies
of Major General Wood Frank O.
Lowden and Senator Hiram Johnson.
None of tho three contesting dele
gatlons Is pledged but the various
members say that the first or regu-
larly reported delegation beaded by
National Committeeman Bean of
Tampa is favorable to General Wood;
that the second delegation headed by
H. I Anderson of Jacksonville is
favorable to Senator Johnson and that
the third headed by A. L. Church
of Jacksonville Is favorable to the
candidacy of Governor Lowden.
In the District of Columbia con-
tests the issue as to the candidacies
is less clearly defined although tho
Wood leaders are said to be HsNlng
the delegation headed by Frank J.
Mogan as among those upon whom
they would depend In tho convention.
With the Florida contest out of the
way tho national committee faces
tho most acrimonious contest of the
list that from Georgia when an of-
ficially reported delegation headed
by Henry Lincoln Johnson an Atlan.
ta negro is counted in the "Low-
den column" and a contesting dele
gation headed by Charles Adamson
of Cedar Town Is counted In the
Wood column. Both delegations had
figured In the hearings of tho senate
committee in Witlgating ' campaign ex-
penditures. The next contest on tho calendar la
from Louisiana where a regularly re-
ported delegation headed by National
Committeeman Emll Kuntz Is being
opposed by a delegation headed by
Victor Louisel of New Orleans. The
contesting delegation Is listed as
among those favorable to the Wood
candidacy and Frank II. Hitchcock.
The cummitteo does not hope to get
further than tho Louisiana case to-
day. Estimates of the probable dura-
tion of the convention arc as numer-
ous as candidates are various. Somo
confident ones have mado resolu-
tions to remain homo Thursday of tho
'convention woek. The prediction that
a presidential candidate probably will
be nominated on Friday night and a
vice-presidential candidate on Satur-
day seems to be regarded among
most of the politicians as probably
belnj more accurate than any others.
SPEED RECORDS ItROKEN
WHEN AIRPLANE MAKES
A PHENOMENAL FLIGHT
Tulsa Okla. June 1. R. A. Mcln-
tyro piloting a Curtlss nirplano and
carrying Edward Perry official of an
oil company established a new time
record between Tulsa and Kansas City
yesterday. Ho carried tho passenger
to Kansas City in one hour 59 mln
utes. The previous record was two
hours and 24 minutes.
Committee in Charge Announces
Entertainment Program Arranged
. For Three-Day Encampment of the
Oklahoma Confederate Veterans Here
CATHOLIC PONTIFF MANIFESTS
INTEREST IN RECENT EVENTS
BETWEEN l S. AND MEXICO
Rome June 1. Great interest In
recent events in tho United Staf s
and Mexico waa shown by Pope
Henedict today in rwelving M'jn-
lUrnor Daniel F. Feehan bishop of
Fall River; Joseph J. Rice' bishop
of Burlington and Sanchez Paredls
irchblshop of Puebla Mexico. To
the latt-r he expressed his unxiety
jver late happenings in Jlixio
Vnd expressed the hope that that
jounty may soon become tranquil.
POPE BEHIDECT ISSUES
ENCYCLICAL LETTER OF
Rome. June 1. Pope Kenodict has
iSSUed an encyclical loiter announcing
that whie he maintains the claims of
the Holy See to be temporal power
he rescinds tho order forbidding Cath-
olic rulers to visit the king of Italy
In Rome. It Is understood the Ilrst
monarch to visit Rome under the new
conditions will be King Alfonso of
Pope Benedict In this important doc-
ument emphasizes the necessity of
"eliminating tho germs' of . discord
which have prevented the full estab-
lishment of peace and seriously in
jured not only the temporal Interest
of the nations but tho life and spirit
of Christianity as taught by the
Lord's prayer and the example of our
In conformity with this principle
the letter declares 'the pope "forgives
those who during the war distorted
his Intentions and tarnished hU work."
He adds that the' chief object cf
the Catholic church Is to help human-
ity and appeals to bishops to teach
their flocks the necessity of forgive-
ness and charity.
Continuing the pontiff renews the
protest made by his predecessors for
the purpose ot protecting the rights
and dignity of the Holy Sec and asks
that once peace being re-established
the abnormal conditions affecting the
head of the church shall also be
brought to an end as he says they
are prejudicial to the tranquility of
His Holiness urges tho nations to
Join together fraternally to reduce if
not eliminate tho military expenditure
which is we?;hing heavily upon the
finances of tho various states.
He sets forth that the danger ot
fresh conflagrations will thus bo ren-
dered more remote and that Independ-
ence and territorial Integrity within
Its just frontiers will be insured to
every nation. Tho pontiff declares
that the church will not fail to co-
operate with this association of peo-
ples with an efficiency to which Ills-
tory bears witness.
Washington June 1. Federal con-
trol of wheat and wheat products
ended today the wheal director Ceas-
ing to function under the limitation
of the' law creating his office and the
food administration ending by procla-
mation of I'resident Wilson.
This means tho passing of tho gov-
ernment guarantee of $2.20 a bushel
for wheat established during the war.
As soon as a few existimr contracts
havo been executed th& United States
graiii corporation will Wind up its af
fairs and turn over its financea to the
Dealings of dealers In wlieat and
wheat products havo been in tho
hands of tho wheat director and tho
food administration and this automat-
ically ended today.
Dealers except those having con-
tracts at fixed figures un now free
to buy and sell at such prices as the
law of supply and demand and other
conditions may bring out.
Officials of the grain corporation
here said tho corporation hod oper
ated at a Blight profit.
ARKANSAS CENTRAL COMMITTEE
SELECT DEMOCRAT DELEGATES
Litt.e Rock Ark. Juno 1. The
election of the IS delegates fiom Ark-
ansas to the democratic national con-
vention as beforo the gts'c central
committee here today.
Election ot tho delegate by the
committee was necessitated by an
oversight of the last session of thj
legislature which changed the date
ot tho state primary from March to
August and neglected to provide for
the popular election of convention del-
egates. The committee Is without authority
to Instruct thn delegates. J. W House
Jr. Little Rock chairman of the
committee said that several ot the
county committees havo adopted reso-
lutions asking the committee to se-
lect Governor Hrough and United
States Senator Robinson as two of
the four delegates at largo.
C. I;. Stuart prominent attorney
of Oklahoma City will deliver a
' euloiry on the life of Major General
I D. Af. I (alley who was commander of
tho Oklahoma division Confederate
; Veterrtns. at tho time of bis death
' nt the memorial services to be held
on the second day of the United Con-
federate reunion at Ardmore June
9 10. 11.
i Mr. Stuart made his home in Ard-
j more before going to Oklahoma City
i and was a friend of many years stand-
Ing of General Halley.
The official program of the three
! days proeram is arranged as follows:
' Wednesday June 9
8:30 n. ni. band concert. Main and
9:00 a. ni. Bugle call. Convention
Call to order division com-
mnn.ier. Invocation W. A. Treadwell dl-
Welcome address Mayor W. F.
Weleomo address. Chamber of
Commerce J. H. Mathers.
Repprnse by commander Okla-
homa Division U. C. V.
Appointment of committees by
Welcome address Daughters of
Confederacy Mrs. Arthur Wal-
cott. Response. Mrs. A. C. Eaklns.
of Xurnnt vice president U. D. C.
Presentation of chapter flags.
Musio by band.
Annual address Hon. J. B
' Afternoon Session
1:30 p. m. Music.
Invocation. ' ' " V
Address Col. R. A. Snoed com-
missioner of pensions. J ' '
Music Marietta GleeyClub)
Address Hon. John Plj LogA
Tulsa. x L y
Music Philharmonic ;CL4 ar
. 4:10 p. to. Reception ot Cq4
'rate Hom. -..'''
8:00 p. m. Campfire and CkfFid-
dlrr's Contest at Central Turk
directed by Col. William D. Mat-
thews. Thursday June 10
9:00 a. m. Music by band.
Seng "Take Me Rack to Old
Virginia." Mr3. Billy Baker. :
Address Gov. J. B. A. Robert-'
Pong. "Old DIack Joe" C. W:
11:00 a. m. Memorial services
conducted by Mrs. G. B. Hester
chaplain of U. D. C. and W. A.
Treadwell chaplain U. C. V.
1:30 p. m. Bogle call.
3:15 Adjourn to attend auto
races at Carter county free fair
grounds at Whittington Park.
Frte transportation. Free admis-
sions for soldiers wearing badges.
8:00 p. m. Annual Confederate
ball at Convention Hall.
Friday Jnno 11
9:00 a. m. Bugle call.
Music by band
10:00 x m. Tnrade division
shal In charge.
1-30 p. m. Eugle can.
Official Committee on Proeram
Col. Win. D. Matthews ehtdrman
Ouillhoma City; Major J. R. Acuff
a c. Hunt Tulsa: Mrs. J. P
Armstrong Oklahoma Cltr Mrs. A.
B. Seay Ardmore.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE SWEKPS
DOCKS AT GAJLVESTOJt
Galveston Texas June L Fir
which broke out here last night oi
pier 41. section B" was under con
trol today but continued to hurt
Two dock concTctewarehousea li
which large quantities of sisal ant
cotton goods were stored have beei
badly damngpd. The loss to the 9isa
alono amounted to approximately on
million dollars and to the wharf aboui
Spontaneous combustion was glvei
as the caus? of the fire. The sisal
was the property of the commlsslot
reguladao of New York the cotton
ties owned by the Chemical Manufac-
turing Association of Boston
Oklnhoma: Tonight and Wednes-
day unsettled cooler in north and
west portions tonight and In east
and south portions Wednesday
Maximum yesterday 93 degress.
Minmlura lost night (9 degres
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
Easley, John F. Daily Ardmoreite (Ardmore, Okla.), Vol. 27, No. 201, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 1, 1920, newspaper, June 1, 1920; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc158530/m1/1/: accessed January 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.