The Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 26, 1918 Page: 2 of 4
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REVIEW UP THE WUKLU
BY ALEXANDER TRACHTENBF.RG.
Director Department of Labor Research, Rand
School of Social Science.
BOH KM I A. ! AUSTRIA.
A recent conference of the Czech j The anti-war movement among the
National Socialist party, a radical na- | Austrian ami Hungarian workers is
tionalist group, declared itself for in-
ternational Socialism, and changed its
name to <'zech Socialist party.
Members of the Realist party,
founded by prof. Masaryk, who styles
himself commander-in-chief of the
Czcrho-Slovak forces in Siberia, have
also joined the new party, which is
led l y Socialist Deputy Klofak.
The representatives of the Czech
Social-Democratic party, Nomek and
Stivin, who attended the conference,
expressed the hope for an early union
of both organizations into one for-
midub'e international Socialist move-
ment of the Bohemian working class.
A parliamentary struggle with a
victory for the S^pialist party, recent-
ly took place in the Spanish cortes.
It was urged by the six Socialist
deputies, live of whom were only re-
cently added to the lone veteran dep-
uty. fable Iglesian, and four of whom
were freed from the Cartagena pris-
on by a decree of amnesty issued after
election to the cortes.
The government is now regretting
this dearly, for the formerly impris-
ened deputies are causing no end of
A carefully planned attack upon the
government was made in the cortes
by the Socialists.
The government was charged with
misuse of authority in employing mil-
itary power in suppressing the great
.strikes last year.
Numerous strikes of-political sig-
nificance have been inaugurated in
different parts of the dual monarchy.
Strikes in munition plunts are com-
mon occurrences. Threats of a gen-
eral strike for the purpose of ending
the war are being heard among the
The Socialist party declared openly
for a speedy and democratic peace.
A recently hold conference of the
party issued a statement calling upon
the governments of the central pow-
ers to offer a peace based on the fol-
1. A league of nations, general dis-
armament and arbitration.
2. Renunciation of annexations and
3. Granting the right of self-deter-
mlnation to the border states sep-
arated from Russia.
♦ • *
The conference also condemned the
Brest-Litovsk and Bucharest treaties
as proofs of the imperialist designs of
the central powers, and called on the
Austrian workers "to hold themselves
in readiness for the final struggle at
•i favorable moment, which can not
fail to come."
Vienna and Budapest are the cen-
ters of most of the disturbance, which
is manifested through frequent mass
demonstrations of workers.
The cries of "We want bread and
peace" are heard on such occasions,
Four of the deputies having been resembling the fateful March days of
imprisoned for leadership in those | last year in l'etrograd.
strikes, were armed with facts, and FRANCE,
the government was forced to bow
Move Fostered for Benefit of
SAN FRANCISCO—A movement has
been set afoot recently at Honolulu to
import to the Hawaiian islands some
8,000 or 10,000 coolies from China to
relieve the shortage of labor brought
about by the war.
A strong protest against this pro-
posal has been voiced by Fred Ma-
kino, the editor of The Hawaii Hochi,
a Japanese paper published in Hono-
MOVEMIIXT IS AUTOCRATIC.
"The Hochi," writes Makino, "is ab-
solutely against this movement. The
question, although concerning im-
portant productive industries, such as
sugar, pineapple and rice cultivation,
is not merely a question for capitalists
alone. Every person residing in this
territory has a right to voice his ideas
"So far, the movement to import
Chinese coolies has been undertaken
e retly by a few persons. The .iiove-
ment Is an autocratic one wherein the
opinion of the majority has been dis-
FOSTKRED BY CAPITALISTS.
"Capitalists may have believed that
they can lower the laborers' wages by
the importation of coolies. However,
can it be termed as within the spirit
of Americanism to sacrifice the in-
terests of a majority for the benefit of
a capitalistic minority?"
Radicalisri of Administration
Incidentally He Says Taking Over Industries Wa
Political, Not Governmental Control, But Corl
eludes With Hidden Plea to Leave Packers Un
molested to Combine Activities and Profits.
before the demand of the Socialists
that a commission be appointed to
Investigate the whole matter and sub-
mit a report to the cortes.
• • •
That the Socialist party has become
an important factor in the political
life of Spain with increasing its rep-
resentation in parliament from one to
six, and with all of these deputies of
marked ability and high attainments,
is admitted even by its foes.
A Socialist party leader is credited
with having observed the following
on the parliamentary victory of the
"Now we see what six can do in the
way of stirring up Spain; soon we
may see the effect of 60. The old
order is doomed, and let the military
people, who still seem to have
thoughts of a possible dictatorship,
The growing influence of the party
is also evidenced by the fact that
Prof. Bosteiro, who lost his position
in the University of Madrid on im-
prisonment for activity in the August
strikes, was reinstated on his election
to the cortes on the Socialist ticket.
The twenty-first congress of the
Scottish trade unions, recently held at
Ayr, placed the Scottish workers
squarely behind the policy of the Brit-
ish Labor party.
Notwithstanding the presence of
members of the American labor mis-
sion, who made some observations on
the international situation, and the
National Sailors and Firemen's union
on the attitude of the Labor party, the
congress adopted a resolution by a
vote of 100 to 35 favoring a demo-
cratic peace based on the principle?
of no annexations, no indemnities and
the self-determination of peoples.
The resolution also demanded that
the British government cancel ail
treaties having for their object terri-
torial aggrandizement and economic
warfare. The seamen's resolution
condemning the U-boat warfare and
urging a boycott of Germany for five
years after the war, and the full use
of every economic weapon against
German trade, suffered a crushing de-
feat, an amendment having been
adopted only condemning the U-boat
• • •
• A resolution favoring a peace by ne-
gotiations, as well as denouncing the
harsh treatment of conscientious ob-
jectors, also was adopted.
The discussion on the six-hour-day
resolution was next in importance to
the one on t~he peace resolution. The
opposition element favored a resolu-
tion for an eight-hour day. The radi-
cal proposal was also passed by a ma-
The congress also declared for in-
dustrial unionism, as well as the col-
lective ownership of the means of pro-
duction, with the significant proviso
that "all nationalization of Industry
and commerce to be satisfactory, and
to meet the legitimate aspirations of
the working class, must provide for
their elective control by the indus-
trial organizations concerned in the
partnership with the state."
The former minister of munitions,
Albert Thomas, the last of the Social-
ists to withdraw from the French
e.ibinet, and leading majority Social-
ist, is to answer the charges of the
Socialist party for having aided ex-
Premier Ribot in secretly rejecting
Austria's peace proposals.
Thomas will also be called on to ex-
plain the reasons for his alignment
with the so-called group of 40 "So-
cialist" deputies who are opposing
the movement for an international
The "Quarante" group to which
Thomas declared adhesion consists of
a few nationalist majoritaire Socialists
led by Alexandre Warrene and a num-
ber of the radical Socialists, both of
which are known as "bitter-enders,"
and who together formed the Soclal-
ii ts of the right.
• * *
Thomas has never changed his po-
Among the majoritaires, led by
Renaudel, he was the right-winger.
Because of the growing influence of
the minoritaires, who really repre-
sent the bulk of the Socialist party
membership, Thomas was forced to
adapt himself to an unwelcome sit-
uation, especially since the British
labor movement came out in support
of the demand of the minority So-
cialists for an international confer-
A joint conference of the Socialist
party and the Confederation Generale
du Travail at which a national and
international program of the French
Socialist and labor movement is to
be worked out, was held July 28.
George Ledebour, Independent So-
cialist member of the reichstag,
sounded the defiant attitude of his
party when speaking on the budget
he declared that "it is the duty of the
German proletariat everywhere to is-
sue a summons for a revolution."
The growing influence of the Inde-
pendent Socialists among the German
workers is driving the majority So-
cialists to a critical attitude toward
the government. Their refusal to
vote the last budget was a sign prob-
ably not so much of a conversion to
re volutionary Socialism, but a desire
to prevent their utter annihilation as
a Socialist movement.
The Independent Socialists voted
against all the treaties which the
German government has recently
signed with the various minor nation-
alities of Russia and with Roumania,
considering them as treaties of an
imperialist peace imposed upon weak-
ened peoples by military force.
Henry Bartels, Independent Social-
ist, recently won an aldermanic seat
in Berlin over a majority Socialist
by a vote of 966 to 811, notwithstand-
ing the bourgeois support given his
The election of Bartels, is looked
upon as another proof of the growing
anti-government attitude of the Ger-
The recently published statistics of
the organized trades in Canada show
FOREIGNER. REPORTED TO
HAVE DECLINED TO BECOME
U. S. CITIZEN. IS TARRED
DULUTH, Minn.—Spurred by the
report that seven foreigners with first
papers of the United States have pre-
1 erred to give up all chance of ever
becoming citizens of the country than
shoulder arms, aroused the organiza-
tion known as Knights of Liberty to
action and one of the alleged offend-
ers was taken to the outskirts of the
city Wednesday night, where a coat of
tar and feathers was administered.
The victim was I. Kinkkonen, a Finn,
who was reported to have issued an
affidavit giving up his right to ever
become a citizen of the country.
EAU CLAIRE MAN CONVICTED.
E A U CLAIRE, Wis. — Francis
Xavier Schilling, former member of
the state legislature and of the Mara-
thon county board was Wednesday
found guilty on six of eight counts of
an indictment charging him with at-
tempting to obstruct operation of the
selective draft and making disloyal
utterances. Schilling's attorneys filed
notice of appeal and bonds were fixed
GETS 15 MONTHS.
AUBURN, N. Y.—John A. Tolishus,
of Syracuse, former clerk in the law
office of Lieut. Gov. Edward Schoen-
eck, who pleaded guilty in the United
States district court here on Wednes-
day to an indictment charging sedi-
tious utterances, was sentenced to 15
months in the Maryland state peni-
tentiary at Baltimore, on each of five
counts and to pay a fine of $100 on
one count. The sentences are to run
a marked increase in their member-
The total membership of the Ca-
nadian labor unions is 204,360, rep-
resenting an increase of 44,323 mem-
bers over the preceding year.
Most of the Canadian labor organ-
izations are subdivisions of the inter-
national unions affiliated to the
American Federation of Labor.
it is significant to note that the Ca-
nadian trade unions are growing radi-
cal and are beginning to exert an in-
fluence in the public life of the coun-
♦ * ♦
The second arrest and imprison-
ment of Isaac Bainbridge, editor of
The Canadian Forward, is causing a
great deal of excitement among the
labor people of Canada. Bainbridge
was convicted for reprinting in his
paper the defense of Fewer Brock-
way, editor of The Labor Leader, the
official organ of the British Independ-
ent Labor party, who has been court-
martialed for not obeying a military
order and sentenced to 112 days of
A strike of 3,000 steel workers in
Glasgow, N. S., was in progress in
June. The workers were not satis-
fied with the awards of the govern-
ment commission, appointed to in-
vestigate the matter, and demanded
a recognition of their unions and in-
creases in wages.
THE LEADER'S WASHINGTON BUREAU.
WASHINGTON—Poor old Senator
Sherman of Illinois has broken out
again in an attack on the supposedly
liberal elements in the Wilson ad-
ministration. Sherman has in the
past year given a good deal of his at-
tention to these verbal barrages in
defense of the Chicago packers and
other profiteers, and as Congressman
Madden of Chicago beat him to the
spotlight last week with a direct de-
nunciation of the federal trade com-
mission for its expose of the Swifts
and Armours and other industrial
porkers, Sherman was obliged to look
about for another object of fire. But
it is all to the same end—to extort
from the administration a few more
concessions to the American junkers.
EXPOSES SUPPOSED PLAN.
Denunciation of radicalism, and
proscription of men on the ground
that they have radical tendencies, has
become a favorite political device dur-
ing this war. Sherman used it in his
senate speech the other day. He pro-
scribed Col. House as a Socialistic in-
cendiary. He ridiculed President Wil-
son as a puppet of House. He ex-
claimed savagely against the supposed
plan of these two men to get their
grip on the private property interests
of the United States, during the war,
and make all property the plaything
of personal politics.
"What of those," he asked, "who,
while the American people are center-
ing thought and effort on our tremen-
dous task, use the war to betray re-
publican government to its undoing?
Under the specious pretext of war
necessity they are now substituting
their obsessions and lollies for the in-
stitutional liberty that is the birthright
of both soldier and civilian. When
these men return in victory they will
face in civil life a Socialistic state.
Vast bureaucracies and centralized de-
partments will have seized the prin-
cipal occupations of private life. I
believe it part of my duty to save for
the man at the front the domestic in-
stitutions of his country at home while
he is making the world safe for de-
AUTOCRACY NEVER RESTS.
"Autocratic power never rests. One
demand granted becomes the lever to
Uft its impudent claims to further
heights of usurpation. The great
climacteric of civil government will
come with the end of the war. We
must then decide whether the Amer-
ican republic remains a government
of regulated individualism or be trans-
formed into a civilian autocracy of in-
terrelated boards, bureaus and depart-
ments operating the chief instruments
of production, distribution, and com-
munication of thought, including the
printing press. The newspaper is as
much within this subtle and malign
power as the telegraph or the bank.
The recent order curtailing news col-
umns under the guise of conserving
paper stock is an invasion of the right
of a privately owned, free press, de-
signed to control the avenues of in-
"Not one undertaking seized as i
war measure is intended ever to be
returned to their owners by the Burle-
sons, the Bakers, and the Gompers.
They know as we do that the war is
a handy pretense to embark the gov-
ernment on their fantastic adventure.
Physical properties are seized. They
are used to exploit payrolls dedicated
to the alleged sacred cause of labor.
At the very mention of them a com-
plaisant congress falls prostrate. Not
a government enterprise but will be a
recruiting station to mold votes to con-
tiue such a government. It is political,
not government, control. It is not
government ownership, it is political
YEP, SOCIALISTS OBJECT.
"The sincere Socialist is aghast ut
the rapidity of the advance. The think-
ers among them deplore the speed of
the movement. They fear a reaction.
Government control is a mere name.
Tt deceives some. It misleads many.
No such vast delusion ever went so
long unchallanged. Government con-
trol as now exercised by this adminis-
tration is the threshold of permanent
political ownership and operation.
"On all questions directly or in-
directly related to labor Gompers is
practically president of the United
States. Burleson controls the physical
agencies for the communication of
thought, and McAdoo the railways
and the country's finances. The three
can reduce the industrial world to
servile obedience or wearied disgust
when they will acquiesce in a surren-
der of their property as a relief. The
pay rolls will be unionized and the
service and voters used to maintain
and perpetuate the political party that
subscribes to the original prostitution
of government and its subsequer
usurpations. Strip off the mask (
alleged government ownership and s(
behind it the revealed political owi
crship and control of Gompers, Burl*
son and McAdoo for partisan purpose
to be used relentlessly to elect pari
candidates now, and in 1920 a pres
dent. A mediaeval class governmei
by a few who control the politic;
party, is what it is — call it by ai
name you please."
SEVERAL POINTS OVERLOOKED
Thus far Sherman had mere
stirred up a dust against the admini
tration form of control of railroai
and the wires. Knowing that the i
sue before congress in the next fe
months will be the taking over of ti
stock yards and the means of collec
ing live stock and shipping and di
tributing meat, he carefully refraii
from touching on the food profiteer
Knowing that Burleson has left ti
telegraphs and telepohnes securely
the hands of their profiteering priva
owners, except in one or two mini
details which affect neither the profi
nor improves service, he pretends th;
Burleson has established real publ
operation of the wires. And with fu
knowledge that McAdoo has mere
changed the control of operation <
the railroads from one set of railro?:
company men to another set of rai
road company men—so that today ti
"Santa Fe crowd" is pretty nearly ti
whole railroad administration—She
man grimaces over the downfall <
the railroad officials. He refuses al:
to admit that Gompers gets little fro
the administration for the workei
and that the payrolls are very f;
from being unionized. What the worl
ers are getting they get through uni<
agitation in the industries, and n
through political confabs in Washin
You can see the packers' fears
commandeering in this sentence
the speech: "it must be rememberc
that it is on the rights of priva
property that arbitrary govern men
usually begin their attack; that ou
post taken, the great primary righ
of persons can be more readily disi
tegrated and destroyed."
REVIEWS HOUSE BOOK.
Coming to Col. House, the Illinc
junker discovers that House on
wrote an anonymous novel, Phill
Dru, Administrator, setting for
House's ideal of effective governme
in this country. It is the story of
successful revolution against reactio
ary government in the United Stab
with Dru the dictator of a new ord
of social and industrial justice-
"He indulges in a few remarks
says Sherman, reviewing the boo
"Rebellion is justified. The gover
ment was defective in machinery, d
fective in constitution and law. La\
caused all the difference between ti
few and the many. The constitute
and laws are grotesque, obsolete, o
pressive, arbitrary, and the source
injustice. The whole federal gover
ment is a negation. It restricts e
ficiency. It is a fair question wheth
this whole allegory of alleged inc
ficiency and oppression does not vi
late the espionage act every time
copy of the book is sold. I believe
"The fictitious hero frames a ur
versal code of laws himself. Ever
body is given an equal opportunit
Everybody gets justice. Avarice
eliminated. The sting of poverty
removed. Envy, selfishness, extrav
gance are banished by a few whol
some laws conceived in horse sen
and conferred by the colonel on
long-suffering people who are becor
incapable of self-government.
THINK! COURTS ABOLISHED.
Then he goes into detail as to t'
social changes which House, a$ a nc
elist, proposes. Two-thirds t
courts are abolished, social ins*
old-age pensions, woman suffrage, r
clamation of the waste lands, redu
tion of the hours of labor, ellminati<
of gang politics—all of these thin
are accomplished, along with ma:
more. The book was published
Sherman draws a new alarm fro
every page of House's book, and it i
spires him to ridicule House, and t
president's devotion to House, for j
hour. He tells how House first pick
Mayor Gaynor of New York as Y
political protege to be led up to t
white house; how Gaynor kicked ov
the traces; how House then picked t
New Jersey man, and how Woodrc
Wilson acted just as House want
him to act; how they discovered th
they thought alike on all importa
matters, and finally how the preside
(Continued on page 3)
ination of capitalist society. Anything
short of this complete transformation, any
program that leaves industry, finance.
tansportation and natural resource* in the
hand8 of exploiting groups, will perpetuate uf ct.n|Urh
the cause* of international discord and China.
lead to another world tragedy. The main "What e
iiivnt* japan: mat would
He smi'ed indulgently. "You people of
tin- west are so impatient, so may I say?
Yon think in years instead
There can he no end of
I he conqueror. a« we call
J new your subscription at leapt two
I werkn ahead nf time.
J Ml money for subscriptions should
THE OKLAHOMA LEADER,
j Box 777 Oklahoma City, Okla.
now, and alio hail been In the cave.
He hunted high and low and found
"Nay. Here in Khtnjan."
"A man told tue last night."
no br/tcelet. His pistol was gone. too. King, drawing on Imagination without
and his cartlidges, but not the dagger, any compunction at all, "that the tight
wrapped In a handkerchief, miller his In the Khyber was because a Jihad la
shirt. The money, that his patients launched already."
had brought him, lay on the tloor un (Continue/I next week.I
Here’s what’s next.
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Ameringer, S. & Sinclair, H. M. The Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 26, 1918, newspaper, September 26, 1918; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc148581/m1/2/: accessed August 17, 2017), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.