Garber Sentinel. (Garber, Okla.), Vol. 13, No. 19, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 15, 1912 Page: 3 of 8
By J. M. Cadwallader
Department of Dairying
A. fit M. College, Stillwater
Preparation of Land for Planting 6EST WAY 0F USING S0AP
Bermuda grows best on sandy loam
well plowed, cultivated and firmed.
But it does well on almost any type
ot soil. About the most practical wa>
to plant it is to make furrows six
inches deep and two to three feel
apart, using a single shovel plow.
Drop pieces of the sod or roots every
18 inches to two feet and cover with
foot, hoe, disc, harrow or two-horse
cultivator. The time to plant in Okla
homa may vary from latter part of
In Solution It la Better Than as Com-
monly Used—Proper Method
+ * *
B" ALICIA MARTYNE
8oap solution is the best way of us-
ing soap for laundry purposes. This
is a good and well tried solution: A
bar of ordinary laundry soap may be
There has never been a time when
tlie outlook for profitable dairying was
more favorable than it is at present.
The organization of the businesB be-
ing carried on by the U. S. Department
of Agriculture and the different
States, tend to bring the notice of
foreign dealers to our butter, cheese,
condensed milk, and other dairy prod-
ucts. Recently the Department of Ag-
riculture has investigated methods
employed in the old countries produc-
ing prime dairy products, notably
Denmark, which furnished England
the greater part if its imported high
(Copyright, igu, by Associated Literary Press.)
When Cuthbert, dazed, almost physl- I ferred the better man when he came. Slass Jars until needed.
Anril to Yha' middle"'of June' depend cally stunned, left the house, unobserv- You could not help It It Is fate White clothes may be boiled. Bring
April to tno middle or jun , 1 , Al__ „ ,v,Bh.n t / i#v w «n vnn slowly to boll in? nolnt with boiler
in'g on the advaiicernent and condition ed in the gre-U, eager, happy throng | J^shall be out ^cUyjhen^u ^
of the growing season. A good time j of guests. j reeil\e this.
He had lived 25 years in the world | both. God bless you, my dear, sweet
to plant Is after a rain. Another good
practical method is to drop the sods of the few-the rich who not only
every second or third furrow after the not nor spin but do not need to re-
plow just as one often plants potatoes, member that anybody ever bad to toil
It is not well to plant till frosts are °r *P<n to produce that which they
Bermuda does not grow well from Breeding, education, health, brains,
seed in Oklahoma. The plants comes luxury—they all had dropped on the
slowly, are choked by crab grass and j young man s shoulders so naturally
other weeds and often winter kill. | that he never knew of demands or de-
It takes from four to eight sacks of Sires unsatisfied. Kept from indo-
the roots to plant an acre. The Okla- 'ence and Its brother, vice, by bis in-
homa Experiment Station furnishes herent zest for knowledge and liter
these roots to farmers of the state at ature, keen on field sports. Owen Cutb-
class butter. The methods followed j fifty cents per sack, f. o. b. Stillwater,
there were found to be practically the Sacks will weigh from forty to sixty
same as those practiced here by first- j pounds apiece. They are perishable
class dairymen. But their average ; and have to go by express. Express
dairymen pay far more attention to charges run from seventy-five cents to
cleanliness than do ours of the United ! two dollars per hundred to various
States. The Importance of cleanliness 1 points in the state. The nominal
has been shown by chemists, bacteri- j charge of fifty cents per sack covers
ologists, and experiment stations and i cost of digging. The station will send
the knowledge published has gone far j as high as four sacks to each farmer
bert long ago had come to regard life
with unconscious but complete self-
And now, suddenly, all this satlsfac-
sun had set only a hundred times on
Mr, Owen Cuthbert when it rose
again on a person who looked won-
drously different from the conven-
tionally arrayed, luxurious, easy-going
ENDED THE SPELLING LESSON
Bobby's Education, Under Aunt's
Tutelage, Afterward Proceeded
Under Different Lines.
Miss Thompson, whose form nature
has endowed with all-too-ample
curves, was giving her little nephew
a lesson in spelling the other day. He
I cut up and dissolved in three or four j bad spelt b-e. be, and h e he and
quarts of hot waler This may be used n°* she was trying to get htm to tell
at once while hot or may be kept In her what m-e spelt.
.Listen, Hobby, she said earnest-
ly. Then closing her lips she pro-
nounced the sound of a long m, and
opening them, the sound of a long e.
"What does that spell?"
"Bobby looked at her and shook his
head. Again she tried, and this time,
while pronouncing the sounds, she vig-
orously tapped her own rotund chest
with her plump forefinger.
"Milium, ee. What letters am I say-
ing and what do they spell?" she
asked, still vigorously tapping her
"I don't know what the letters are,"
replied Bobby, watching the plump
forefinger, "but I guess they spell
If clothes appear yellow, use a Ilt-
girl. Do not worry about me In a tie kerosene or paraffin. The yellow
few years I shall return and look to "nge can be obviated by use of white
see you happy in your marriage." | soap.
Fifteen minutes after this letter hnd The question of starching Is a corn-
disappeared In the remorseless jaw of j plex one. Perhaps the following will
a letter box, Owen Cuthbert was on assist the Inquirer: Mix starch with
a train bound for New York and a a small quantity of cold water to a
message speeding ahead of him over ! creamy consistency, add a little more
the wires was ordering a stateroom in ! cold water, and then the desired
a liner due to sail next day. j amount of absolutely boiling water,
Events move swiftly In the be-wlred j stirring constantly Put the starch
and be-ralled world In theso days. The over the fire and boll It for several
tion had vanished. His Berene con
- | Mr. Owen Cuthbert of the clubs
to correct prevailing evils which arise
from lack of care in this respect.
Condensed milk opens a great field
for the dairymen. At present the
processing of condensed milk falls far
short of perfection. Swells and thicks
are serious obstacles to the complete
success of the business. Experience
and skill, however, are lessening these
difficulties. There is every reason to
expect that in the near future ex-
periment stations will bring their
scientific skill to bear upon this sub-
ject to settle and obviate these diffi-
culties. Condensed milk will then be
a commodity that can be shipped to
any part of the world. When the
problem of successful condensation
has been solved, condensed milk will
be the most prominent dairy product.
The development of the condensed
milk branch of the dairy industry will
give dairying an impetus such as it
has never previously received.
Most of the States have established
Agricultural Colleges, where an op-
portunity is offered, tuition free, to
young men who desire to qualify them-
selves in the art of butter making, in
the underlying sciences and in other
branches of agriculture. Every student
•who goes from one of these institu-
tions at once becomes an object lesson
for others engaged in the same busi-
ness. Farmers' Institutes are doing
a great work in the matter of agri-
cultural education. Information as to
dairying is being rapidly and sys-
tematically disseminated. Dairy 'n-
terests are being advanced accord-
ingly, and every enterprising farmer
Is awakening to the fact that ho must
keep up with the procession, if he ex-
pects to compete with others in the
Breeding and feeding have taken
rapid strides in advancement in the
last ten years. Methods of preserving
succulent foods for winter U3e have
become so nearly perfected I hat win-
ter-made butter possesses all the deli
cacy of flavor that summer-made but-
ter does. Silage produced at a cost
not exceeding $1.25 a ton affords a
cheap feed for use in winter da:rking,
greatly Increasing the average of profit
for the year. Alfalfa and other forage
plants increase the amount of milk ard
butter. The modern cow is a highly
developed machine capable of convert-
ing feed into milk for immediate con-
sumption or for the making of butter,
cheese, and other products, at a cost
much less than was possible in former
The additional cost of feeding neces-
sary to make the difference can be
made with the price of sixty pounds
of butter. A decade ago the terms
proten, carbohydrates, dry water, etc.,
were unknown to the average dairy-
man. It was common to find a mpn
who was feeding one element in ex-
cess of what the cow needed, and let-
ting her starve for want of enough of
another, to the great loss of both but-
ter fat and feed. Improvement 111 the
method of breeding and feeding are
being made such as were never
dreamed of by the dairymen of SO
years ago. This improvement will
continue until in the near future, the
poorly conducted dairy will be even
rarer than it Is now. In material
advancement dairying has kept pace
with the other great Industries of the
country. Cost of production has been
greatly reduced by the introduction of
scientific methods of feeding, careful
breeding, and improved processes of
manufacture. The resulting product
averages as good as the best of a
decade ago. The advance in the price
of prime butter is a special induce-
ment for every man in the business to
push to the front.
Th milking machine will be an Im-
portant factor in future dairying.
if possible. It is a much better method
to get the roots from some neighbor
if they can be secured tbit way. If
not, the station will gladly send
enough so that those ordering same
may grow enough for future plantings.
Shipments are made from May 1st on.
Eradicating Bermuda Grass
Plant Bermuda on rough land for
permanent pasture. It Is not well to
grow it on rotation fields or rich al-
falfa bottom lands. However, if one
wishes to plant it on such lands it
is not difficult to eradicate it in the
northern part of the state. This may
easily be accomplished by plowing in
winter deep enough to expose roots
to frost; disc thoroughly and sow to
grain or some other cover crop in the
spring. Shading of the ground early
keeps roots that may not have been
killed by frost from coming again.
Alfalfa, "the best forage" as its
name implies, is as old as the hills,
having been found growing wild by
the ancients. It has grown success-
fully in the United States since 1793.
it yields from two to six cuttngs a
year, four to eight tons of hay per
acre. The seed will yield four to six
bushels per acre If it is taken from
the second of third crop. It sells at
eight to ten dollars per bushel. Be-
cause of its high percentage of that
flesh and bone building material, pro-
tein, it is regarded as the peer of even
bran or cotton seed cake and is the
marvel of the forage crop world; and
yet, thousands of Oklahoma farmers
do not realize it. It can be grown on
sciousness of having everything be
wanted had been dispelled.
Just a few words had done it—a few
words that he bad overheard when he
approached a retired corner where he
had seen the bright hair of Marjorle
Ellison, his fiancee. He had stepped
Boftly, meaning to surprise her, when
minutes to Insure complete cooking,
and stir it all the time it Is cooking.
Cool or dilute for use. If oil. borax,
or wax be used, they should be cooked
with the starch, but bluing is added
later The proportions for cooked
starch are one measure of starch to
eight of boiling water, for thick
This one hundredth and one sun
rose on a Cuthbert in rags that once
had been khaki. Instead of a monot- starch, and one measurement of |
onous avenue with solemn houses, starch to sixteen of boiling water, for
there was a monotonous desert with thin starch.
solemn rocks. j Uncooked or partly cooked starch !
High overhead a vulture was soar- will stick and make trouble for the j
ing The ragged person looked at it |roner (Irons must always be hot |
his feet were arrested by the voice of j <> a gesture or helpless dis- for s,arche(l clothes.) The amount j
gust that was nearer horror, then 0f starch needed Is regulated by the i
he took a drink. It was not a pleas- number of clothes to be starched |
ant, cool, fragrant mixture brought In starch can be made thinner by adding j
a frosted glass by a trained club water, and It always grows thinner j
servant. It was stale water gulpedi With uae Starched clothes must I
from a dusty, canvas-covered canteen, never be stifT enough to rattle.—Good j
He did not deceive himself Into any Housekeeping Magazine.
belief that he could escape from his ;
predicament alive, although he knew Baked Quinces.
that the Uganda railroad lay only a Pare and quarter; extract seeds and |
his friend, George Klngdon
"You are sure you can keep It from !
"Of course I can. Cuthbert Is the j
ntost Innocent, unsuspecting of mor-
tals and he has perfect confidence in j
"You're an angel, Marjorle. May 1
come tomorrow? Will you be alone?"
"Yes, tomorrow at 3," replied Mar-
jorle, evidently not resenting Mr.
Klngdon's lemarks about angels.
"1 feel awfully mean about deceiv-
ing old Owen In this way," Klngdon's
voice continued, "but after we are
married and he finds that things can't
be helped I'm sure he'll forgive me "
Marjorie said something in reply,
but the sounds came to Owen Cuth-
bert's ears only in confused noises
through a mighty hammering of blood
at his temples. For one mad Instant
day's march distant across the Afrl- Rtew the fruit in clear water until a
can plain The spear-thrust in hlB leg Btraw will pierce them; put them in-
would not permit him to crawl even j t0 a halting dish with half a cupful of
to the shade of the scrub a hundred j HUgar every eight quinces; pour
feet away. He was ns helpless as a , over them the liquor In which they
fettered man. Soon burning thirst as- J were boiled, cover closely and steam
sailed him, hut he could only long for j |n ^he oven one hour. Take out the
water The dreaded wound-fever grew, j quinces, lay them in a covered bowl to
He began to see wild visions In the j ]teep warm, return the syrup to the
quivering heat-waves. Now he saw j saucepan and boll 20 minutes, pour
hiB treacherous native guides rushing | over the quinces and set away, cov-
at him. He went through the minutes j ered to cooj Eat coi,j
while he held them off with his rifle, j
he intended to leap at George King- Aga)n hg gaw thp broad.bladed spear
don and revenge himself like primeval | naBhlng zlg.zag gleama a8 u hurtled
First Passenger (in street car)—I
wish you'd get off at the next corner.
Second Passenger—Off the car?
First Passenger—No; off my foot.
If a woman is a clever actress the
chances are that her husband will find
the chorus more Interesting.
man. The instant passed. Ages of
breeding and repression asserted
themselves. Cuthbert turned softly
and departed as he had come.
"Why—why—why?" his bewildered,
seething, furious brain asked.
"1 don't understand it. I'm all con-
fused," Cuthbert groaned. "When did
she stop loving me—and why?"
He went home and engaged me-
chanically In the hum-drum processes
of bathing and shaving.
Lying in a deep leather chair he
* < .i, „t looot smoked black cigar after black cigar,
a moBt any farm in the state, at least , ■ "
' and In the smoke read things until
a few acres of it. The bottom lands
yield the best, but excellent yields
are obtained from rich uplands.
In chemical composition, we find
that alfalfa contains 11 per cent di-
gestible protein; red clover, 6.8; tim-
othy, 2.8; wheat bran, 12.5; and ber-
muda hay, 7.6.
Alfalfa prefers a rich loam well
drained and free from any acid condi-
tion. In other words, a dry sweet fer-
tile .soil, These three added to good
tillage insures success. The critical
period is the first six weeks of the
life of the plant. The ground should
be plowed early and deep. It should
be well tilled, fine on top but firm un-
derneath. It should be free from
weeds. Corn is a good crop to precede
Fall sowing in
then unknown to his sense. Bitter
things they were—that George King-
don was a better fellow, handsome,
with the glamor of adventure on land
and sea, a man who had done great
things In exploration and science. Just
the man to win women.
"You have had only the easy
things," muttered he, apostrophizing
himself. "Now you've got to pay for
them." He threw away his cigar and
walked to the street.
Again he moved with his accus-
tomed stride; for a great resolve had
come to him, and he was dejected no
more, but only sad.
Half an hour later he Bat in lis
lawyer's office "Anderson," Bald he,
September j want y°u t0 do something very con-
1 fldential for me In a manner tinnec-
Jerusalem Artichoke Soup.
Three slices of lean bacon or ham,
half head of celery, one turnip, one
onion, six artichokes, one tablespoon
ful butter, one quart boiling milk, salt
and cayenne pepper to taste. Put the
bacon and vegetables, which should
be cut in thin slices, in a stew pan
with butter; cover with water and let
them stew gently to a smooth pulp;
ctraln through colander; then add the
boiling milk with seasoning. Serve
with square of leavened bread.
He called to them again and again.
as he had called when they ran off
with his plunder, first threatening,
then beseeching. He had Intervals of
unconsciousness now when all was
blessedly blank and cool and dark.
Suddenly he dreamed of a spring.
He heard its splash from moist, spray-
freshened rocks. He stooped, and the
glorious ljquld touched his lips.
"Oh, Owen, Owen, Owen!" he heard
a voice say close to his face. It was
a voice broken by sobs.
Something was pressed to his lips
—something bitter that made pain
and knowledge pass away.
In a little village of little Iron
houses. Owen Cuthbert came back to
his knowledge of himself again He
was lying on a cool, white cot. Over
his face a fan was moving gently The j you ge^ too much salt into your
hand that held the fan was small and , totnato soup, add a bit of brown su-
white. But what held his eye was ; gar. It seems to make salty soup
that on one finger shone a ring—and j taste „u right. But better still Is to
It "tfas the ring that he had pressed
on Marjorle's finger on the night of
add a few slices of raw potato.
To mend linen tablecloths, remove
the presser foot from your machine.
Owen, my dear, dear, brave, kind . jnscrt the place to be darned under
said a voice. It was Mar-
It and stitch back and forth. It is
without a nurse crop is the surest. I
method to follow. If there is no favor- I essary t0 "Plain. 1 have become
able fall season, sow at cotton or corn
planting time in the spring. Use
nurse crop in fall only when soil blows
or is weedy. A peck or two of winter
barley or oats is sufficient. This nursa
crop should be moved early to give
the young plants light and air. Dur-
ing the first season of growth it may |
be necessary to cut the young alfalfa i
to keep it from blooming which takes
the vitality of the plant.
It is seldom necessary to inoculate
the soil in this state. It it is, the soil
from an old alfalfa field is best. A
coat of manure often supplies the lack
where the plants start slowly. Fif-
teen pounds of seed per acre are ample
if seed is clear and strong. When
sown with grain drill attachment, care-
fully and not too deep, twelve pounds
are sufficient. The seed 'is small and
should not be sown too deep.
Alfalfa is ready to cut when it has
started to blossom or new plants are
beginning to appear at the crowns.
The best quality of hay is made by
letting it wilt for a day in the wind-
row and then put into shocks to cure
for a week if necessary. In case spots
die out in the field, sow seed again
and till well. The use of disc harrow
or alfalfa renovator is recommended
to revive old plants. Disc should be
set nearly straight kiid weighted
heavily Indebted to George Klngdon.
| You must inform him that a patron of !
| scientific exploration has instructed j
| you to deposit $100,000 to his credit on j
the day he is married.
"All right, my boy," said the old
Owen Cuthbert went home and sat
down to write a letter. He wrote for
four hours; yet when the missive was
finished nt last. It was astonishingly
brlel The waste basket accounted
for the rest.
"My dear Marjorie." said the short
note. "I have learned, quite by acci-
dent. that your former feelings to-
ward me have changed so completely
that it would mean unhapplness to
you If I held you to our engagement.
I will not pretend that this discovery
has not caused me deep grief, nor will
1 pretend that my great love for yon
has been lessened In the least I love
you more. If that were possible, now
that I know you cannot be mine,
than I did before when all seemed
smooth. I know that It will cause you
pain to think of me; but I beg you not
to let it cloud your new happiness too
much In the last few hours since I
learned your secret, I have become
conscious that 1 had nothing to offer
you except a commonplace life, with
only money for compensation I can
understand why you should have pre
Jorle s. | much quicker and neater than when
"You great, noble o d goose, said ; d hand
she, a little later. When I received Bd of , mackerel In a
your letter I cottldn t understand It ; f |ace |t a bak|ng pan on
| and I cotildn t reach you, though fath- ()f 0,d roUon doth Qr th|ck
; er and Ceorge Klngdon and I wrote SnHnU1„ nvpr „
and sent telegrams to every place we
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate
slid invigorate stomach, liver and bowels.
Sugar-coated, tiny granules, easy to take
Work is better for most people than
most people are for work.
Pir.KH CVllKl) IN fl TO.1.1,,DATS
YonrtlruMfist will rt'Iund muner it PAZO UINI-
~ iMTtini - —
MKNT fails to cur*1 unv ditto of ltohlntf. Blind,
Bleeding or Protruding I'llos In 6 to 14 days. 60c.
Time Is a wound healer, but It's no
good as a wrinkle remover.
If you cannot afford 10c cigars, smoke
LEWIS' Single Binder straight 5c—made
of extra quality tobacco.
Marriage separates a bachelor from
a lot of illusions.
could think of Hut v hen Anderson
wrote to George about the donation
from an unknown patron, we put two
and two together quickly enough,
since we knew that he was your law-
yer We realized then that you must
have discovered our conspiracy
Owen Cuthbert looked at her, won-
deringlv and with a delighted hope In
"Come here, Mr. and Mrs. George
Klngdon!" called Marjorle, clapping
her hands and lauehing with Joy
"Will you forgive me, Cuthbert?"
said Klngdon. advancing with Owen's
sister Florence "We were afraid
that you would not consent to our
marriage on account of—on account
of my well-known poverty, you know
So we conspired to elepe "
"Yes!" cried Marjorie. "And so
when we realized what our conspiring
had done, we told Anderson and he
told us that you were going to hunt in
the Uganda country "
"And I wanted to get after you
alone and take the explanation on my-
self," said George Klngdon. 'but Mar-
"But Marjorle." said the young
woman, hiding her blushing face on
Owen Cuthbert's shoulder, "said that
she had lost you once and wouldn't
take the risk a second time."
brown paper. Sprinkle over a little
salt and add several pieces of Bait
pork or butter, If preferred. Bake in
a hot oven.
To take the smell of fish from
hands wash them in water which
contains a few drops of ammonia.
The best way to singe the hairs and
pin feathers from a fowl Is to put It
in a pan and pour alcohol over It
and Instantly set this on fire. The
blaze removes hairs and pin feath-
ers without Injuring the flesh.
If colored cottons are washed in
bran or starch water instead of soap-
suds them will keep their color. If
bran Is used put it in a bag of loose-
ly woven cheesecloth—a handful of
either is enough for a small tub of
One quart of flour, two teaspoons of
baking powder, one-half teaspoon of
salt, one-half cup butter, one-half pint
of sweet milk Take half of this and
roll half an Inch thick, place in a drip-
ping pan and spread with butter, then
roll the other half and put on top of
the first. Bake In hot oven. Peel,
Beed and slice thin eight oranges, add
enough sugar to make sweet, place
these between the cake as soon as It
is taken from the oven and serve at
No matter how long you have
suffered from a weak stomach,
inactive liver or constipated
bowels you will find a fair trial of
will result to your great benefit.
It makes the appetite keen, as-
sists digestion and improves
your general health. A trial to-
day will convince you.
T ALL DRUGGISTS.
Just the thing to repair your roof or put on
a new one. Not affected by rain, inow,
hail, sunshine, heat or cold and will last a
life time. Write for circular and pass on
Railroad to Seatide Shingle Mill, Everett, Wash.
_ 'EYE WATER
JOHN L. T1IOMPSO.N SUNS Jk CO., Troy, N. ¥•
Kelleve Throat Trouble# aud Gougha. No opiates.
6ain|)lo free. John I. Baows A Sow. Boetou, Ma«s.
^ ....en you need a remedy
for COUCHS and COLDS
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Peters, Kay. Garber Sentinel. (Garber, Okla.), Vol. 13, No. 19, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 15, 1912, newspaper, February 15, 1912; Garber, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc144641/m1/3/ocr/: accessed May 18, 2022), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.