Britton Weekly Sentinel. (Britton, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 20, Ed. 1 Friday, July 24, 1908 Page: 3 of 8
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•v.- w W ppp
LOST art for nearly two dec-
ades, hand weaving, the in-
dustry which made New Eng-
land famous, has again come
into its own. To-day the
descendants of our pilgrim
fathers are turning out more
hand-woven linen, silk and
wool goods than any other
section of the United Slates
and are keeping up a hot
pace in the race against
other corners of the world
in the industry.
To own a rug, a table cover or a curtain on
which the maker has expended his ideas and per-
sonality is a pleasure quite distinct from gazing
at a machine-made article which can be dupli-
cated in any one of a dozen stores. And the fas-
cination of fashioning things with the hands, es-
pecially essentials of the household or articles
that add a refining touch to a commonplace ser-
vice, has led many women to abandon china
painting and fancy work for the more active work
of the loom.
Though there are many amateurs in Massachu-
setts who make no attempt to market their wares
a good many have found weaving an attractive
commercial proposition. Many of these have en-
rolled themselves in the Art3 and Crafts asso-
ciation. For them, rag carpet weaving provides
the most direct method of securing remunera-
tion for their work. Rugs of this sort are always
In demand, and there is ample room for the ex-
ercise of taste in developing simple patterns and
in the variation of colors.
Most of Uie rugs are woven with a grayish back-
ground. For the piazza and the summer home
there are lighter patterns, soft blends which will
absorb the sunshine or brighten up the tedium of
a diizzly day. For these it is necessary to use
white new rags in the warp and alternating cords
of pink or blue.
The simplicity of these floor coverings affects
one with a strange sense of relief which may be
inexplicable at first. It is the sense of contrast
with intricate machinemade designs which are
often as confusing as the rattle of the steel ten-
iae led machines that made them.
Some of these rugs are made in Boston, but
most of them come from outside towns. Deer-
field, Marblehead, Hingham and Lynn are regular
stations of supply. In Central square, Cambridge,
the Massachusetts commission for the blind has
an established factory where men weave rugs.
in 1904 the experiment of blind weavers was
first tried. They have proved in less than four
years that their work can rank with that done by
anyone. Without prejudice, buyers are agreed
to this, and in many cases they insist that the
work is not only as good, but superior. Of course
the rugs are made under the supervision of see-
ing people, who select colors and distribute the
An expert supervisor with the use of his eyes
first teaches the mechanism to the blind pupil,
■who memorizes everything by a numerical sys-
tem. After he has mastered all the movements,
he soon can acquire the technicalities of pattern
P..V "numerical system" is meant the numbering
of each thread, as well as the arrangement of the
materials near the loom, so that once the position
is memorized no sight aid is required to locate
any color. From triangles and circles progress is
made to the more intricate patterns. For some
of these a raised proof of the design is hung above
the loom. By touching it with the fingers the
pattern is reproduced on the cloth.
The proficiency shown by the sightless weavers
has eliminated the question of their ability to
execute the work. The question remains: Where
shall they market their wares?
This problem is solving itself, for the number
of people who buy hand-wrought articles is rapid-
ly increasing. When Charles F. Campbell, su-
perintendent of the industrial department of the
Massachusetts commission for the blind, was
«skcd where the department disposed of their
output, he turned up H e label of the package he
was tying. It was addressed to Detroit, Mich.
"We have shipped stuff to Du'-th and San Fran-
cisco," he added; "so you see the folks out west
aren't going to be distanced in this new twist
i Weaving linen
| Fabric on a
i 5weedi5H Loom
ic race has taken."
It is the boast of the
blind workers that the
curtains they submitted
for the Massachusetts
building at the James-
town exhibition were se-
lected. The design is
rather intricate, repre-
senting a series of
dians paddling their ca-
noes across the border.
Hug weaving was a
with the blind school. In
July, 1904, they first
started a giil weaving
art fabrics, in October
of the same year one of
the men was tried on a
In the mechanical part
of the task the workers
became as adroit as if
they had the use of their
eyes. In conscientious-
ness they excel. Some
of the operatives have
become so ambitious
that they conceive pat-
terns which they wiah
to work on and are absorbed in
ot the shades of color which the
The looms are much the same that grandmoth-
o! s mother knew. The size has been somewhat
1 educed, but the principle has not altered any.
In fact, looms in all countries as far back as
they can be traced, have the same mechanical de-
vices that are ingeniously elaborated to-day in
the high power carpet factories.
\\ eaving, no doubt, originated when some prime-
creature plaited his or her hair, and tli^n
WINDING THE OM M
feel they are
tried crossing three strands of heavy grass one
over the other. From mats and baskets came the
idea of interlacing wool threads, and so cloth was
invented. Weaving, in some form or other, is one
of the earliest signs of civilization.
It might be argued that weaving is not an evi-
dence of the advancement of intellectuality. The
wonderful shawls which come from the far east,
and which we are quite unable to imitate, are
made by a peasant populace. And whoever has
turned over pictures illustrating the manufacture
of Turkish and Persian rugs is as much impressed
by the uncouthness of the makers as by the sym-
metry and imagination of the designs.
Crossing the Great Divide of this continent,
the Navajo and Moji Indians and the Mexican
blanket weavers to the south, are not leaders of
intellectual thought, though they have established
blanket weaving as an indnstrial art. The old
squaws are more wrinkled than winsome. This
isn't the fault of the weaving, however, and there
is no gainsaying that rugs and tapestries and
draperies and all the other products of the loom
into which individuality is woven, have a reac-
tionary effect on daily life.
In Hingham. ardent handicraftsmen not long
ago discovered an old colonial loom lurking in the
recesses of a garret, it was dragged forth and
restrung, and now it is back at work again.
Here, too, Swedish linen weaving is done, for
at Hingham the industrial arts flourish. Linens
for dresses, toweling, sheeting and table covers
are woven on the Swedish loom.
The process of preparation requires almost as
much time and skill as the weaving itself. To
warp the skeins of linen is the first step. This
is done by arranging all the threads in even
lengths on a device somewhat like a turnstile,
which spins around, carrying them from top to
bottom and back again. Thus the threads are
measured off accurately, while, by means of pegs
they are twisted into a figure eight shape. Willi
this device as many threads as 1.000 to a yard
wide material may be kept from tangling. \
frame with teeth in it, like a big wooden comb,
keeps the warp an even
width when the threads
are strung on the loom.
The threads are thus
spaced accurately and
then made taut by being
stretched to the front
beam, and the weaver is
ready to start the cross
In introducing variegat-
ed shades, every other
thread can be raised by
pressing a pedal, and the
shuttle is thrown through
by hand, the operator
choosing the threads to
In embroidery work the
figure is woven onto the
fabric. Swedish linen fur-
nishes a particularly ef-
fective background for
this sort of work, for tlio
threads are not closely
woven, and yet there is a
firm appearance about a
well turned piece which
leaves no suggestion of
haphazard mesh work. It
is Interesting to note, in
connection with rag rug
weaving, that Berea col-
lege in Herea, Ky., has in-
troduced a rug weaving
course into its industrial
curriculum. This is in
response to a local condition. I'upils attend the
school whose homes are in remote parts of the
mountains. During the winter time, it is impossible
for women living in these districts to pene ra
Isolated as they are, it is essential
some rather active occupation, and,
ving survived among the mountain
whites, it was accepted as the happy solution.
AJread some of these rugs have found their way
to Boston, and the industry promises to become
popular through the Tennessee mountains. In the
mountain fastnesses they are still making those won-
derful old bed spreads and table covers which are
prized as heirlooms in a few New England homes.
The colonial atmosphere which permeates the
town of Deerfield fosters the zeal of the laborers,
who devote themselves to the simple industries of
earlier days. From Deerfield come specially at-
tractive blue and white woven rugs and exquisite
needle work. Here, also, they dye their own ma-
terials in indigo, madder and fustic shades. Jour-
neying down one of the honeysuckle lanes one
may hear through the workroom window the whack,
whack sound ot the reed as it presses the weaving
QUEER IDEAS ABOUT FOOD.
Slowly but surely modern enlightenment is rele*
gating to oblivion the foolish and often costly super-
stitions which have been passed down from cen-
tury to centur Of those, however, that linger is
the superstition about the spilling of salt and the
sure coming of ill luck—the result of the painting
of a celebrated picture which showed that Judas, at
the Last Supper, Rat before an overturned salt cel-
lar. Then there is the idea against thirteen at table
because there were Christ and his twelve apos-
tles around that board in the upper room at the
supper which as followed so soon by our Lord's
death, and that of Judas, too.
In some European countries ill luck is said to
follow the per n who stirs any liquid in a pan from
east to west. In Scotland persons when baking oat-
cakes break a piece off and throw it in the fire to
appease evil agencies. Still another custom in that
land is to make a birthday cake with nine knobs,
thenot nineof Unassembled company, when the cake
comes hot our of the oven, each breaks one knob
oft, and throwing it behind him says: "This I give
to Thee, Fox, Kagle, Wolf," etc.
In some countries it is considered unlucky to give
a mince pie to a guest—it should be asked for. Like-
wise, a mince pie should never be cut with a knife,
but held whol with the fingers and eaten that way.
Also to eat a many mince pies as possible at as
many different houses before Christmas, it is be-
lieved, will it ire so many happy months for tlis
to any towns,
that they havi
rug weaving 1
GENT PACKAutS BY NEIGHBORS.
Custom of Early Days of New England
In the early days of the settlement
nf New England the custom of send-
ing packages by neighbors who Jour-
neyed to different parts of the country
was an established one. The note
book of Schoolmaster Joseph Hawley
of Northampton, Mass.. when he
started on a trip to Boston, was filled
with such varied items as: "Cnpt.
Partridge, a dial and a dish kettle,"
"son, Joseph, speckled red ribbon,
whistles, buckles and fish hooks," "a j
shilling worth of plumb and spice," |
"two psalters, a basou uud a quart
pot." In "Old Paths and Legends of
the New Kngland Border" Katherine
M. Abbott says that It was the same
even as late as Judge Lyman's day;
his daughter. Mrs. Lesley, writes of it
in "Recollections of My Mother":
There were no expresses then, and
so when it was known in the village
of Northampton that Judge and Mrs.
Lyman were going to Hoston— and
they always took pains to make it
known—a throng of neighbors were
coming in the whole evening before,
not only to take an affectionate leave,
but to bring parcels of every size and
shape, and commissions of every
One came with a dress she wanted
to send to a daughter at school; one
brought patterns of dry goods, with a
request that Mrs. Lyman would pur-
chase and bring home dresses for a
family of five. And would she go to
the orphan asylum and see if a good
child of ten could be bound out to an
other neighbor? Would Mrs. Lyman
bring the child back with her?
The neighbors walked into the li-
brary, where the packing was going
on, and when all the family trunks
were filled my father called out heart-
ily: "Here, Hiram, bring down an-
other trunk from the garret, the larg-
est you can find, to hold all these par-
A little boy came timidly In with a
bundle nearly as large as himself, and
"would this be too large for Mrs. Ly-
man to carry to grandmother?"
"No, indeed. Tell your mother I'll
carry anything short of a cooking
"Another trunk, Hiram," said my fa-
ther, "and ask the driver to wait five
Those were the times when people
could wait five minutes for a family so
well known, and beloved. Our driver
had only to whip up his horses a little
The manager of the combination re-
freshment and music hall was grumpy
on Tuesday morning. One of the first
persons he interviewed was the leader
of the new orchestra.
"What do you mean," lie said, "by
such spieling as you favored ua with
in thin place last night?"
The conductor was floored by the
"I don't understand," .lie said. "My
men played well. I'll bet a ten-dollar
hat that they produced the best musle
that was ever heard inside this hall.
The applause of the audience proved
"That's just what I'm complaining
about," growled the manager. "They
played too well. It isn't profitable—
not to me, at any rate—to play too
well in a place of this kind. Extraor-
dinarily good music cuts down sales.
I want you lo furnish good music, of
course, something bright and catchy,
but when the orchestra outdoes itself
people «oi so interested that they just
listen and forget to order drinks. Cus-
tom fell off ten per cent, last night, in I
spite of the record crowd, all on ac-
count of your men's expert fiddling. |
Hereafter lower your standard to a
lrvel that will not charm away thirst."
Clearing It Up.
"To which is a man most closely
related." said the genealogist, "his
first divorced wife's second husband
or his present wife's first divorced hus-
"So far as I can see, one tie is about
as close as the other," said a thought
"So I should say," said the genealo j
gist, "but Billy Bo won must have fig j
ured out a difference. Anyhow, when
his first wife's second husband died
Billy went to a ball game, but when J
Ms in'-.-'Tii wife's first husband died
lie went into mourning. 1 can't under-
"I can." Haid the thoughtful friend.
"Billy's present wife was on the point
of divorcing him so she could remarry |
her first husband. Now that he is dead j
she has decided to stick to Billy."
"Ah," said the genealogist.
BED-BCUND FOR MONTHS.
Hope Abandoned After Physicians*
Mrs. Enos Shearer. Yew and Wash-
.SLgton Sts., Centralia, Wash., says:
"For years I waj
weak and run down,
could not sleep, my
limbs swelled an I
the secretions wei>*
troublesome; pain 4
were intense. 1 was
fast In bed for four
months. Three doe-
tors said there was
no cure for me, and I was given up
to die. Being urged, I used Doan's
Kiduey Pills. Soon I was better, ami
in a few weeks was about the house,
veil and strong again."
Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a box.
Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Maude—How do I look In the water,
Mabelle—Itest ever—when your Ha-
ute is totally immersed.
Per and Against.
A Philadelphia lawyer, retained as
counsel for the defenso in a murder
trial, tells of tlio ditliculties in getting
together a Jury.
"Counsel were endeavoring," says
'his lawyer, "to elicit from the various
prospective jurors their views con-
cerning tho death penalty.
"Or,.: man to whom the question was
put, 'Are you against the infliction of
the death penalty?' replied, 'No, sir.'
"'What is your business?' he was
asked. 'I am a butcher,' he replied.
"When the same question was put
to the next man he answered that h«
-vas against tho death penalty.
" 'What is your business?"
" 'Life insurance,' said he." I
"Riot at Yale"—A Recipe.
Take halt n hundred Shelf fresh
men dying of ennui, and tho sams
number of neadcmic feeling tho samn
way—only more so. Mix well by tha
flagpole, and pour into Church street.
Introduce at two-minute intervals hall
a dozen trolleys with temptingly- dang
ling ropes. Now put in on the run
three or four vigilant representatives
of the law, stir till tho whole mass
comes to red heat, and then pick out
an entirely innocent grind, and place
In the cooler to cool. Garnish with
huge headlines and serve for break-
fast to fond parents, etc.—Yale Record.
Making It Sure.
The lawyer was drawing up
"I heroby bequeath all my property
to my wife," dictated Enpeck. "Got
"Yes," answered the attorney.
"On condition," continued Enpeck
"that she marries within a year."
"Hut why that condition?" asked tin
man of law.
"Ilecause," answered the meek ani
lowly testator, "I want somebody U
be sorry that I died. See?"
The Land of the Free.
There's eight nations represlnted '
in this ward of ours," said Mr. llalloi
an to his wife on his return from a po
litlcal meeting, lit' began to count
them off on his fingers.
"There's Irish. Frinch. Kyetalians, i
Poles, Germans, Roosians, Greek*
Mr. llalloran stopped and began
"There's Irish, Frinch, Eytalians,
Poles, Germans, Eooslar.s. Greeks—
an' ain't it queer I dlsremimber the
other wan ' There's Irish, Frinch—"
"Maybe 'twas Americans," suggested
"Sure, that's It," said her husband.
I cou'dn'l think Youth's Compan-
"( worn! : there Is
about flying machines."
"Why shouldnt there be? '
"Because It is such a soar subject
Doctor Gains 20 Pounds on Postum.
A physician of Wash., D. C., sayg of
his coffee experience:
"For years I suffered with periodical
headaches which grew more frequent
until they became almost constant. So
severe were they that sometimes I was
almost frantic. I was sallow, consti-
pated, Irritable, sleepless; my mem-
ory was poor, I trembled and my
thoughts were often confused.
"My wife, In her wisdom, believed
coffee was responsible for these ills
and urged me to drop It. I tried many
times to do so, but was its slave.
"finally Wife bought a package of
Postum, and persuaded me to try It, but
she made It same as ordinary coffea
and I was disgusted with the taste.
(I make this emphatic because I fear
many others have had the same expe-
rience.) She was distressed at her
failure and wo carefully read the di-
rections, made it right, boiled It full
15 minutes after boiling commenced,
and with good cream and eugar, I
liked it—It invigorated and seemed to
"Thi3 was about a year ago. Now I
have no headaches, am not sallow,
sleeplessness and Irritability are gone,
my brain clear and my head steady.
I. have gained 20 lbs. and feel I am a
"1 do not hesitate to give Postum
due credit. Of course dropping coffea
was the main thing, but I had dropped
It before, using chocolate, cocoa and
other things to no purpose.
"Postum not only seemed to act as
an Snvigorant, but as an article o!
nourishment, giving me tho needed
phosphates and albumens. This Is no
imaginary tale. It can bo substanti-
ated by my wife and her Bister, who
both changed to Postum and are
hearty women of about 70.
"I write this for the Information and
encouragement of others, and with a
feeling of gratitude to the inventor o!
Name given by Pn turn Co., Battle
Creek, Mich. Read " •• Road to Wall-
ville," in pkgs. "There's a Reason."
Ever read the above letter? A new
one appears from time to time. They
are genuine, true, and full of human
. * fjrm
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Vincent, Zilpah M. Britton Weekly Sentinel. (Britton, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 20, Ed. 1 Friday, July 24, 1908, newspaper, July 24, 1908; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc142354/m1/3/: accessed May 25, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.