The Edmond Sun--Democrat. (Edmond, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 9, No. 50, Ed. 1 Friday, June 17, 1898 Page: 1 of 4
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EDMOND, OKLAHOMA TERRITORY, FRIDAY, JUNK 17, 1898.
CCHAN AKMY IS OFF
FIRST EXPEDITION STARTS UN-
DER GENERAL SHAFTER,
tCipcctcd to Arrive at Santiago Some Time
Wedneaday —17,000 Regulars Carried
By Thirty Trunaport* and Convoyed Ily
Washington, June 13.—Under com-
mand of Major General Shafter, the
First division of the United States
army sailed last night from Key West
for Santiago de Culm to besiege and
eapture that town. The army trans-
ports, thirty in number, left I'ort
Tampa Saturday and stopped at Key
West. The convoying warships, num-
bering between sixteen and nineteen,
were ready when the transports ar-
rived at Key West.
The troops should arrive off Santi-
ago by Wednesday night, supposing
the fleet proceeds at eight knots speed
and landing operations should begin
by Thursday, for General Shafter will
not keep his men cooped upon ship-
board a moment longer than necessary.
It is not believed that they will be
landed at Catmanera, the point on
Guantanamo bay, where the American
llag now flies over the heads of Samp-
son's marines, as that place, while i
adapted to serve as a naval base, and
as a harbor of refuge for the American
warships, is not particularly well
suited for the beginning of military
In ten days' time, unless unforscen
obstacles arc encountered, the move-
ment upon Porto Rico w.II begin.
This will be of a more formidable
character than that which goes with
the Santiago expedition, for the pli
cantemplatc a joint attack upon
San Juan fortifications by the army
and navy, ami these fortifications
so powerful that heavily armored ships
only can Ik* sent against them at the
beginning. Therefore, it is belie'
that Sampson's battleships will head
Tampa, Fla., June 13.— The expedi-
tion that sailed from here to Key West
prior to going to Santiago, was made
up of nearly twenty regiments of rep
ttlar infantry, of 500 to 550 men each,
including, beside four regiments of the
ib'ifth army corps, four regiments of
artillery. The total force of regular
infantry was about 11,000 men. TI
nts of volun
VOTE WAS 43 TO 22.
oi mranirv trom TUoblic, fiCo men.
and two squadrons each from the
First, Third. Sixth, Ninth and Tenth
cavalry, al>out 2,000 men. eight troops
of volunteer cavalry, taken from Roos-
evelt's rough riders, 500 men; four
batteries of light artillery. 400 men
and sixteen guns; two batteries of
heavy artillery, L'OO men and sixteen
guns; *he battalion of engineers, 200
men; Mgnal and hospital corps, etc.,
about 30(1 mon; a grand total of about
The regulars were practically picked
men, as not a single recruit was taken,
the regiments carrying only the old
On the sides and on the smokestacks
of every one of the transports which
formed the fleet were painted large
white numbers, and by these numbers
the boats are officially known, their
original names being discarded. This
was for the purpose of facilitating sig-
naling between the flagship and the
ather l>oats of the fleet.
UPHELD KANSAS BOOK LAW.
Adopted Ity tlie CommlMlon.
Topeka, Kan., June 13.—The su-
preme court in a decision handed down
to-day awarded a writ of mandamus to
compel the city of Topeka to use in its
public schools the books adopted by
the school text book commission last
summer. The effect of the decision is
that the state law is upheld in its en-
tirety, and counties and cities that do
not use the books adopted under the
state law can be compelled to do so by
WAR TELLS ON OFFICERS.
Senate Adopt* Conference Report
War Revenue Rill.
Washington, June 11.—Shortly after
4 o'clock yesterday afternoon the con-
ference report on the war revenue bill
was agreed to by the Senate after a
discussion lasting several hours. The
report was agreed to by the decisive
vote of 43 to 22. Every Republican
voted for the measure, and their votes
ipplemented by eight Demo-
crats, one silver Republican and one
independent. The Democrats who
voted for the adoption of the report
were Messrs. Caffery, Gorman, Lind-
say, MeEnery, Mitchell, Morgan, Mur-
phy and Turpie; the silver Republican
was Mr. Mantle, and the independent
was Mr. Kyle. The vote against the
report was cast by sixteen Democrats,
three silver Republicans and three
FOR MURDER OF HIS FATHER.
Killing of J. N. Collins of Topeka Is
Traced to 111* Own Non.
Topeka, Kan., June 11.—John Col-
lins was arrested here last night for
the murder of his father, J. S. Collins,
of this city on May 13. Collins is now
in the county jail and refuses to make
John Jordan, a negro of this city,
and Jesse Harper, a Lawrence negro,
have both made statements that impli*
cate Collins in the murder and leave
but little, if any, doubt of his guilt.
Miss Frances Babcock, the society
girl of Lawrence to whom Collins sent
a telegram the day after the murder
admonishing her to "say nothing," has
also made a statement. Her statement
will nqt be given out for the present,
but there is no doubt that it seriously
implicates Collins in the murder of his
AMERICA'S NEW POLICY,
The AdinlnUtratlon determined to Ax-
Washington, June 11. — From in-
formation just come to light it appears
that the administration has determined
on a state of policy concerning the
Philippines. It is the evident inten-
tion nf this government to annex the
islands. This policy has not been
hastily decided on ami it was outlined
before Admiral Dewey began the
operations which have l een brought
to so satisfactory a stage. It. will be
operative as soon as Hawaii is annexed.
This accounts in a measure for the
| vigor with which the President ia
pushing the annexation of Hawaii.
The Philippine policy will then be out-
lined to the powers.
SAMPSON TO NAME REWARD.
rretary Long Will Follow the Admiral'!
Advice In Promoting llohson.
Washington, June 13. — Secretary
Long was at the navy department to-
day for the first time since he was
overtaken by lameness about ten days
ago. When asked what the depart-
ment proposed to do in reference to
Sampson's graceful suggestion that
Hobson and his men be professionally
rewarded for their brave exploit in
sinking the Merrimae. the secretary
said that he had already telegraphed
Admiral Sampson to recommend for-
mally to the department just what
measures of advancement he deemed
A SMELTER BLOWN UP.
Defective Water Jacket Causes Injury tc
Eleven Men Near Hatfield, Ark.
Mena, Ark., June 13. News wat
brought here to-day of the most disas-
trous explosion ever known in this
vicinity which occurred yesterday at
the smelting plant of the Texas and
Arkansas Mining company, seven mile
east of Hatfield. The explosion wa
caused by a defective water jacket,
which allowed the water to run into
the ore pot, causing it to explode, tear-
ing off the top and lw>ttom of the huge
cauldron and wrecking the plant.
Eleven men were injured, eight of
them seriously, and some of them can-
STANLEY IS NAMED.
NOMINATED BY KANSAS RE-
PUBLICANS FOR GOVERNOR.
S. R. Smith for Associate JustIce, II. K.
Rlchter Lieutenant (lovetrnor, (1. A.
('lark Secretnry of State. (ieorgc K.
Cole Auditor—Other Nomination*.
Hutchinson, Kan., June 10. —The
Republican State convention yesterday
afternoon nominated W. E. Stanley <>f
Wichita for governor on the third bal-
lot: Stanley had 199 votes on the first
ballot, 219 on the second, said before
the third ballot had been completed
the nomination had been made by ac-
The vote on the first two ballots re-
sulted as follows:
l^A 11 1|T | I\ ' c,pr ot *" lllnl1"~ e Perlal1* "t ® ' BORDER LINE IY1ARRIACE9.
1 M R W AH SEEKtSKSKS:, - - Zz;
' I "" I! illl hi ty, her own .. * '
Non-Combatant Vessels That Serve the Men-
of-\\'ar as Floatinfl Hospitals, Helpers,
etc.-Arc Never Pi red Upon.
i distilling plant, and her ample burden, i
she will prove an exceedingly efficient
] part of the fleet. The government is j
making provisions for one or two more
vessels of the same sort.
coal and will have four up-to-date dis-
tillers of considerable capacity. These
distillers or evaporators will each con-
sist of three elements like the modern
triple expansion engine, und are in-
tended to utilize the steam with the
most economical expenditure demand-
ed In the output of a total supply daily
of at least GO,000 gallons of thoroughly
\Y. E. STANLEY
Washington, June 13. The hard-
ships of the war are already beginning
to tell upon army officers. It has be
necessary to detail an army retiring
board to Tampa, with General Cop-
pinger as president. Three colonels
of the regular regiments have been or-
dered to examination. They are
Colonels M. A. Cochran. Sixth infan-
try; Alfred T. Smith, Thirteenth in-
fantry. and William H. Powell. Ninth
TRAMPS WHIPPED BY A MOB,
Indepkndknck, Kan.. June 13.
CoflPeyville three tramps were arrested
and put in the city jail until night
when they intended bringing them tc
the county jail here. About H o'clock
the jail was surrounded by a mob,
which took the tramps to a gas we
the north part of town and gave them
a severe beating. The mob then
turned its prisoners loose and ordered
them to leave town at once, which they
HOBSON AND HIS MEN WELL
The British t oio.nl Say* the Merrlmar'i
Men Are Ulven Good Treatment.
New York, .fune 13.—The British
consul at Santiago de Cuba has sent
the following dispatch by way of Hali-
fax to the New York World: ••Reply
ing to your cablegram, Lieutenant
Hobson ai)d his men are well. They
are also well cared for by the author!
ties. I have myself just seen him.—
Kamsdcn, British consul."
Preferred Rullet« to the Rope.
Natchez, Miss., June 13.—At Oak
Ridge. La., a negro got full of liquor,
and when an ofliccr undertook to ar-
rest him he secured the letter's club
and pistol and assaulted him. A posse
was organized and the negro was cap-
tured. He was given the alterdative
of being cither hanged or shot,
chose the latter, whereupon he
told to run. when some forty or fifty
shots were fired into his body, result
ing in instant death.
The finest of our fighting ships, with
all their boasted self-sufficiency, their
manifold mechanism, and their com-
plex provisions against accident or
mishap, are really helpless creations
the moment their coal supplies become
exhausted. Nothing could be more
pathetically distressed than a great
battleship wallowing aimlessly in n
seaway, her powers of offense iutaci palatable drinking water.
hut paralyzed, like her great body, for The operation is simple. Each of the
want of energy or its correlative, coal; evaporators consists of a cylindrical
her great eyes blind for want of elec steel boiler containing a coil of piping
trical force; her lungs fouled by taint- , surrounded by cold sea water. The
ed air because of her halted blowers; steam is supplied to the first coll .11-
her whole body either feverish or chll- j rectly from the ship's boilers That
led. as the weather dictated, for want ' steam raises the sea water to the lioll-
of circulation or proper respiration; and ! Ing point and gradually evaporates It
her complement athlrst for need of in that way. The steam thus generated
enough heat to transform that tantaliz- ! in conjunction with such of the origin-
Mars Hill, Me. (Corresponds
Y. Sun.) No matter what excitement
Is going on the traffic in marriages be-
tween the border towns on both sides
of the Canadian line always Is brisk.
Every lawyer's office Just across the
The coiiicr*. I jjno from either side Is a veritable
The colliers explain themselves, and. Qretna Green whenever such a con-
being boats of fair speed and great car- yenience is necessary. The Canadians
rying capacity, will form the principal arP perhaps, more inclined to take ad-
supply links between our fighting craft i vantage of this opportunity for cheap
and our base of supply. As carefully I international marriage ceremonies
as our coal will be used, still hundreds I t^nn un. the people who reside on this
upon hundreds of tons of it will be used | B|jp of the |jne |,ut Pach nation Is a
up and the following
W. R. Smith of Wyandotte county,
for associate justice. < n the first ballot.
H. E. Richter of Morris county, for
lieutenant governor, on the. second
George A. Clark of the Junction City
Republican, for secretary of state, on
the first ballot.
George E. Cole of Crawford county,
for auditor, on the first ballot. Mr.
Cole was auditor during Governor
Frank B. Grimes of Wichita county
for treasurer, on the second ballot.
Wilkins withdrawing on that, ballot
and starting a break to Grimes.
A. A. Godard of Topeka, assistant
attorney general under F. B. Dawes,
for attorney general, on first ballot.
Frank Nelson of Lindsborg, pro-
fessor in Bethany college, for superin-
tendent of public instruction, on first
W. J. Railcy of Haileyville, for Con-
gressman-at-large, on fitst ballot.
The big Seventh carried off the lian'fc
share of places on the ticket. It got
the governor, treasurer and state su-
perintendent. The Sixth district got
"skunked." The Fourth got lieutemant !
governor; the Third, auditor; the Sec- j
ond, associate justice; the Fifth, secre-
tary of state; the First, attorney gen-
eral and Congressman-at-large.
The platform indorses the national
Republican administration, reaffirms
the principles of the platform of 1890,
recommends strengthening the navy,
building the Nicaragua canal. and an-
nexing the Hawaiian islands. It fa-
vors liberal construction of pension
laws, urges preference of soldiers and
sailors for office, demands the seuding
of poll books to volunteer soldiers of
Kansas, and that only enough convict
coal be mined to supply the state in-
stitutions. It indorses Senator Lucien
Raker and Representatives Charles
Curtis and Case liroderick.
PEFFER THEIR CHOICE.
ing sea water into drink. Such a
thing is distinctly possible, and It Is
against even the slightest approach to
a like condition that wc have taken
ample means to provide.
The modern, heavy fighting craft
carries between eighty and ninety en
pines of various sorts, aside from those
directly occupied in propelling the
ship; and, under normal clrcumeianc-
es, It is quite safe to say that at least
fifteen or twenty per cent of al! steam
generated is taken up In their service.
Most of them arc vital to the fighting
efficiency of the vessel; but there are
a few of them. such, for instance, as
the ongineers' workshop, the distillers,
and the refrigerating plant, which may
be termed auxiliaries of secondary im-
portance; and it Is the purpose of the
government to run these accessories
on half-time, so to speak, and to leave
just that much more energy for other
more needful purposes. To this end,
we have fitted up the repair ship, the
dlBtiller ship, and the refrigerator ship,
while to the colliers has been relegated
the common service of supplying coal
to all craft distant from ready bases
of supply, and the engineer in-chief
has done his utmost to make them cap-
The Repair Ship.
The repair ship, fittingly named the
Vulcan, was the well-known steamer
Chatham, of the Yerchant and Miners'
line, between Haltimore and Boston.
Into the ship has been placed some-
thing like eighty tons of tools and ma-
chinery. and today the vessel 1r a ver-
itable floating workshop. There arc
plate bending rolls, and punching and
shearing machines that can bite right
through an inch of solid steel. There
are lathes for turning castings of con-
siderable size, and planers, drills and
milling machines of compass enough to
meet almost any need short of that de-
manded in the complete reconstruction
of a large engine. There are pipe cut-
ters, bolt cutters, forges and grind-
al steam not condensed In the first coll
In the operation, passes Into the coll
of the second evaporator, repeating tho
dally to keep the ships always ready
for instant service and prepared to
meet the enemy at any moment; and
the safe conduct of their precious ebon
burdens will be a matter often demand-
ing good, cool judgment and no mean
skill on the part of their commanders.
In war time, and sore pressed as Spain
is. coal is worth Its weight in gold, und
a collier will prove a nugget worthy of
a good, stiff chase and a moderate tus-
sle, and the captain that can dodge
such a foe and run his cargo safely Into
the Intended haven will be doing Just
as much good, perhaps, as the Bklpper
that sinks a foe.
The Ambulance Ship.
The ambulance ship Is the naval sis-
ter of mercy, and will minister wholly
to the sick and wounded of our officers
and seamen, or, If need be, the stricken
of our army of occupation as well.
good patron of the other, and a large
number of matrimonial knots are tied
every year along the divide. The rea-
son for the extra eagerness for a mar-
riage ceremony performed out of the
country on the part of the Canadian
coupfes who come across to interview
American Justices of the peace may be
accounted for from the fact that Cana-
dian marriage license of tho cheapest
variety costs at least $7, while for the
queen's subjects to be married on the
American side of the line requires no
license at all. A short time ago a
young man and woman came Into the
office of Trial Justice J. M. Ramsey, of
Blaine, and spoke for the quickest sort
of a marriage ceremony he knew how-
to perform. The young man explained
that his reason for haste was the fact
that his mother was hot on his trail
and might appear at any moment. "My
SOME NON-COMBATANT SHIPS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.
ST. CLAIR JUDGES ARRESTED.
Again They Retime
to Obey i
United States marshals a
as (Jill. Thomas Nevltt
Lyon, members of the
and took them to Kansi
refusal of the court to obey the ulti-
matum of Judge Philips and order an
election on the proposition to fund the
St. Clair county railroad debt at 8400,-
000 was the cause.
8 13.—The farmer®
i are drawing upon
of the United Stat
other parts of t
money in the fiscal year which ends
with this month than any preceding
year in the history of the country.
Even the high water mark of 1802,
when our exports of agricultural pro-
ducts amounted to g'TWi.Si.'S.will be
surpassed by the record of the year
which closes with this month.
Rilled the Robber Who Cut III* Throat.
St. Joseph. Mo., June 13. Two rob-
bers attacked Joseph Holland on the
river bridge between this city and El-
wood last night, and when he resisted,
one of the robbers cut his throat, bare-
ly missing his jugular vein. Holland
pushed one of the robbers over the side
of the bridge and into the water,
where the man was drowned. Holland
Washington. June 13.—-It is con-
ceded on all hands that there is a
majority in the Senate favorable to
Hawaiian annexation, but some of
those who are friendly to this cause
admit the difficulty of maintaining a
quorum of its friends and expect the
opponents of annexation to refuse to
assist them in maintaining a working
States Sen at
nominated for govt
afternoon by the
.. June 10.—Ex-United
William A. Peffer was
overnor here yesterday
oinination was by
Pekin. June 13.—An imperial edict
has been ibsued providing for the es-
tablishment of the University of
Pekin. on European models The dig-
nitaries have la-en commanded to con-
fer immediately for- the carrying out of
were made as follows:
Lieutenant governor. R. T. Black;
secretary of state. J. B. Garton; treas-
urer. J. Biddison; superintendent of
public instruction. Mrs. F. X. Buck-
ner; auditor, H. Hurley; congressman-
at-large, M. Williams.
CROWN CAN'T EXPEL THEM.
Only Act of Parliament Can Oust Du-
Itosc anil Carranra From Canada.
Ottawa. Ont., June 13.—Statements
sent out from Ottawa that the gov-
ernment has decided to deport Senor
DuBose and Lieutenant CarraJiza, the
alleged Spanish spies, laek foundation.
It is conceded now in official circles,
after a careful examination of the law,
that the crown has not the power to
expel them from the country. The
power is reserved to parliament, which
brings it into play by a special act.
MISS CISNEROS MARRIED,
Carhonel Wed* tlie Cuban Girl He Helped
Baltimore, Md.. June 10. - - Miss
Evangelina Cisneros. whose romantic
escape from a Spanish prison in Ha-
vana several months ago is recalled,
was married here to-day to Carlos F.
Carbonel, who assisted in her rescue.
The ceremony took place at the Hotel
Rennnert at noon and the couple left
for Washington an hour later.
The Tramp Train In Great Rend.
Great Bend, Kan.. June li.—This
town is overrun with tramps. 185 com-
ing in on a freight train last night.
They say that they took the train at
Emporia and that they successfully re-
sisted all efforts of the brakeuicn tc
put them off.
A 810,000.000 Hrewery.
Milwaukee, Wis., June 13.—Word
has been received here from Lieuten
ant Dreher, son of Anton Dreher. the
millionaire brewer of Austria, stating
that it had l een decided to locate a
lio,ooo,uoo branch of the Hi . r brew
ery lu Milwaukee
operation In connection with the sea
water there, and finally merging with
the steam raised from the salt water In
, the third evaporator and passing to-
stones; and there is a good-sized ctipo- gptiier into the condenser. The con-
la for tho melting ot sufficient metal i densatlon from the first two colls is
to make a pretty heavy casting. There
are a number of blowers to supply the
several forges and to draw foul air
from between decks and to send It
skyward through the red-mouthed ven-
tilators above. There are also evap-
orators and distillers of a capacity
equal to a daily output of quite 10.000
gallons of potable water - several times
more than the needs of the Vulcan
could demand. A supplemental elec-
tric plant has given excellent lighting
facilities through the ship, but prin-
cipally In the workshops on what Is
termed the third deck.
The purpose of this craft is manifest.
She is to follow In the wake of a fleet—
her great coal capacity giving her a
wide radius of action, and she is to
supply fresh water to the other vessels
and to make then and there all possible
repairs which might otherwise take
the ships miles and miles away to some
A broken spindle might render help-
less two great guns; but a few hours'
work on the Vulcan would remedy the
trouble; and even Icsb time might , .
place the engines of one ot our torpedo j ^""..'f?™™ !2
boats in trim after a conslderahl
caught by traps and carried off to the
tanks. In this way the latent heat
from the first steam from the holler Is
economically absorbed by the three
stages of salt water, and a higher per-
centage of performance is attained than
is possible In- a single-element evapor-
ator. After condensation the water is
carefully aerated and the result Is a
thoroughly palatable water devoid of
that flatness generally characteristic of
condensed sea water.
A sediment of salt—the residue of the
oeean brine—gradually forms upon the
colls of the distillers, and these evap-
orators are so arranged that this scale
can be readily removed. On the other
erly the Creole, of
the Cromwell line, has already begun,
perhaps, the duty for which she was
hastily prepared; and what It means to
transport comfortably und hastily the
wounded .from the feverish tropics to
some more temperate haven beyond the
boom of guns and beyond the exciting
reach of war's alarms is a boon very
much emphasized by the record of ev-
ery war. As far as possible, the Solace
has been made to meet the more press-
ing needs of the service for which she
has been called Into requisition, but
she Is not that perfect craft suggested
by Surgeon-Gen. Van Reypen and care-
fully planned by the chief constructor.
There. Is one commodious elevator in-
to which the sick and wounded will be
father is dead," he added, "but he left
me $70,000 In my own right, and, as I
am of age, I reckon I can get married
if a want to, even if my choice of a
wife tloes not please my mother." Mr.
Ramsey allowed that he was right
about that and married the young cou-
ple without any further parley. The
mother did not appear, and the newly
made man and wife got away without
accident. On another occasion Justice
Ramsey refused to marry a couple that
came to him from over the line because
he did not think the young man capa
ble of providing support for himself
and wife. The would-be bride wept
and the lover swore, but all to no pur
pose; Justice Ramsey was obdurate "A
fine free country this is where a
:arrled from either side, and then rais- I can't get married if he wants to."
•d or lowered either to the lar^e, airy
operating room, or to the deck on
which they are to be housed. The
slilps their distillers will be worked as stateroom accommodations already in
far as possible only to the extent of j the craft have been readily adapted to
making good the Iobb of fresh water ! hospital ue«8, and there is ample room*
onsumed by the boilers, that the use of between decks f<>r additional cots. The
salt water must be obviated and
10 i formation of a troublesome scale of J
| salt—difficult to reach- may be guard-
ed against in the ship's boilers proper.
The hygienic value of sufficient fresh
convalescents will be carried above,
where they can be In the fresh air
while under the sheltering cover of
wide-spread awnings. Steam cutters
and large barges will facilitate the easy
break. At the close of an engagement,
the wounded vessels could hasten to
her or she to them, and such work then
be done as to place them back In the
line of battle, once more a formidable
menace to the foe.
The mission and the usefulness of
such a craft can not he overestimated,
when every pound of coal must tell Its
tale of work well done In our defense.
It Is a very modern adaptation of that
wise saw, "A stitch In time saves nine."
and a typical instance of the great
value of a traveling base of repairs.
The niHtlller Ship.
The distiller ship, nov
Iris, was the British Btes
sha. Unlike the Vulcan.
make no repairs, but wl
solely to converting the
Into drinking water; and to this end,
she will carry a very large supply of
ater can not be overestimated when transportation of the injured and siek.
ill-known apparatus peeuliai
by the close confinement of shipboard j to our service will lift them from the
In the tropics; and it may even be the boats and swing them inboard and onto
purpose of this vessel to lend its boun- i the rolling cots that carry them to
ty to the military branch of the ser- their Immediate destination. Every-
vice. Poisoned wells and tainted | thing has been done to contribute to
ihe Iris will
I he devoted
streams need not be feared under such
circumstances; they can be avoided.
The Refrigerator Ship.
The refrigerator ship Supply, for-
merly the Illinois, of the American line,
will be used aB a traveling base of
fresh provisions; and the tax on the
refrigerating plants of the fighting
ships will be eased to just that exent.
The Illinois was originally built for a
passenger ship, hut was later rclcgatejl
to the transportation of cattle and beef
to F/ngland, still as an adjunct to the
American line. In that capacity sf.
necessarily had an extensive system of
cold storage.and this has readily adapt-
ed the vessel to our present needs. She
the efficiency of the vessel and the com
fort and convenience of all on board,
and there is every Just reason to be-
lieve she will prove herself Invaluable
from the common point of hygienics
and humanity—for a fighting ship is
a cruel place for sick or wounded after
a heavy engagement.
Although all these vessels will strict-
ly avoid the enemy, still, In their way.
they are Just as vital to our success aB
those that take their places In the line
and bear the brunt of battle; and any
man might bo proud of the duty en-
trusted him In their command.
R. O. SKERRETT.
True friendship between women ia
will carry tons of Ice and fresh proven- 1 a matter of doubt to most men.
grumbled the prospective groom as th<
two disappointed young people walked
away, i'hey traveled for a day or two
through the neighboring towns telling
their story, and the upshot of It all wris
that sympathetic listeners gave them
money enough to go hack into New-
Brunswick, buy a marriage license, und
get united after the regular form pre-
scribed for the queen's subjects.
Dam the Government Anyhow.
"Well, sir," said the old farmer,
"this here durned red-tape government
is the devil. Why, you've got ter
stan' a reg'lar school examination fer
ever'thlng! Fust, they turned John
down fer the postofflce Jest kaze he
didn't know nothin' 'bout spellln' an'
'rithmatlc, an' now they won't take
him In the army kaze he's bow-legged
In one leg an' knock-kneed In the
other! How kin they expect people to
live happy under a gover'ment like
\ SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS
WITH LOWER TYPES.
Defecti Maile Artificially - In Butterflies,
Moth*, Chickens, flali ami Frogs —
Mount n lt lea Calculated to Give One
a Sort of Phyalcal Nightmare. V
Great Interest as well as curiosity
has been roused In scientific and lay
circles throughout the United States
by Bome experiments In what may be
termed the "grafting" of insects re-
cently conducted by Prof. Crampton
of Columbia university. New York,
says the Ixindon I'oBt. Without going
so far as to say that the experiment
of Prof. Crampion makes it at all
probable that the process of grafting
will ever be made applicable to more
highly developed creatures than
grubs, caterpillars and their winged
relatives, there appears in the mere
fact of the successful "grafting" of
these lower types promise enough to
warrant an Investigation of the a mat-
ing physiological phenomena which
have rendered the operation possible.
It Is no detraction that tho American)
professor's experiments are not al-
together new So far, Indeed, as the
artificial production of Insect mon-
strosities Is concerned, the Idea Is
much (dder than many are aware. More
than 200 years ago the German physi-
ologist Schwammerdam. having stud-
ied the metamorphoses of grubs and
caterpillars, noticed how often both
the wings and the antennae of butter-
flies were deformed when emerging
from the chrysalis condition, and,
thinking that these abnormal results
might bo due to externa] causes, he
determined to test tho matter by sub-
jecting the Insects to certain experi-
ences during the period of change. So
successful was he that In nearly every
case he contrived by artificial means
to produce tho defects he had observed
In the emerging butterflies. It Is un-
fortunate for those Interested In such
experiments that the means taken by
Schwammerdam to manufacture his
Insect oddities were not recorded In the
"Memolros" published by the great
Hutch physician Boerhave. hence they
are lost to science. But the suppres-
sion was probably due to the (rerm&n
physiologist himself, for he was when
young an Intensely religious man—re-
ligious In the sense understood in
mediaeval days He strongly hrid the
opinion that all monstrosities In ani-
mal life were duo to man's primal error
and therefore he did not care to
stultify himself to a certain extent hy
showing that those freaks could, wlfh-
In certain limits, be produced artifi-
cially, and thus provide his antagonists
with a powerful weapon against what
was then deemed religion. But the
experiments of M. Alme Barthelemy
of the Lycee at Jau are well known
to all students of that singular branch
of physiology known as teratolow.
and there Is no doubt that the example
ho first set Inspired the transatlantic
professor of Columbia college. It IS
true that M. Barthelemy did not do
anything In the way of grafting or at-
tempting to graft the creatures on
whose bodies he made his investiga-
tions. But that was because he suc-
ceeded in obtaining Insect freaks by
simpler means, which helped to ex-
plain the manner In which tho deform-
ities usually observed in these crea-
tures were ordinarily caused. His ex-
periments were made principally with
the grub of the Bombyx morl, pre-
sumably the ordinary death's head
moth. By slight compression carefully
applied In certain parts during the
continuance of the metamorphlc prog-
ress M. Barthelemy succeeded in ob-
taining monstrosities with no heads,
hunch backs and reverted antennae.
Some he secured with enormous heads
and others consisting only of abdomen
and legs, with neither head nor tafl.
He gave some insects double spines,
caused others to devolp an enormous
abdomen, while In yet other Instance*
ho suppressed the growth of needful
organs altogether, without, strange to
say, otherwise affecting the creatures.
He reduced the eyes to the size ot pin
heads and at will deprived them of the
organs of sight entirely. Other French-
men and Germans, too, have since the
date of M. Barthelemy's Investigations,
about thirty years ago, taken up the
experiments, and the result, it may
bo worth pointing out to English read-
ers. demonstrates the aoundtftaa ot the
views regarding the development of
such lower forms of animal life as
the caterpillar and grub which were
first set forth by our distinguished
countryman Harvey, who. It may be
remembered, considered the chrysalis
as physiologically identical with an
hi porta and Import*.
The exports of merchandise for the
month of April a||N|ated 199,426,460.
an increase of 121,177,674 as compared
with the same month last year and for
the ten months ended April 30. 91.025,-
420,681, an Increase of $125,497,435 com-
pared with a similar period of 1897.
The imports of merchandise for April
were fr " .923.658, a decrease of $45,398,-
748 compared with April of last year,
and for the ten months ended April 30,
$511,187,186, a decrease of $S9,008.058
compared with the same period of
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.- AN AMERICAN TORPEDO BOAT IN ACTION.
To prevent the slipping of wheels of
electric cars on grades a pair of sup-
plemental rails is placed Inside the
main rails, with grooves cut crosswise
In their surface, to engage toothed
wheels mounted on the shaft.
Dressmakers will appreciate a new
sewing machine attachment, consist-
ing of a U-shaped frame attached to
the back of tho table to support a cloth
basket, which prevents the work from
pulling or getting on the floor.
| Wires can be easily spliced by a new
pair of pliers, one Jaw having a slot
for the passage of the main wire, while
the other Jaw has a slotted ear through I
which the second wire slides to wind j
It around the first wire as the pliers i
To relieve the sudden pull of wiuds I
on swinging signs, etc.. a new hanger '
is formed of an outer casing to screw
Into tho board, with a coiled spring
Inside to support a central rod having j
an eye at the outer end for attachment
to the building.
Blank gun cartridges can be used in 0n" ,,f T«,'|,,,s i'ap«.
a recently patented buiglar alarm, Young Man Mr. Gotrocks, let me
which has a metal barrel to be at- congratulate you ou the marriage of
tached to the door by a screw, with a your daughter." Gotrocks—"Married!
sliding yoke actuated by a V-shaped ( My daughter, married! To whom, sir,
spring to strike the cartridge as doon
us the door Is pushed open.
Aluminium balls are coming Into use
In Kngland for golf, tennis, cricket and
billiards, the metal being alloyed to
make it hard, or the balls can be
formed with an aluminium core and
a harder metal covering of the right
thickness to give the ball proper
The United States will employ a light
artillery of breech-loadlug guns of 3.2
caliber They are the most effeotive
cannon for field purposes constructed
up to date. They can deliver projec-
tiles with a muzzle velocity of a quar-
ter of a mile In a second, and their ef-
fective range Is four miles. The pro-
| jectlles employed are usually sbrap-
cach one In bursting being re-
I into about 300 fragments.—Ex.
•hom?" Young Man—"Excuse me.
sir; but. er you see. I -er- modesty
forbids me. sir; but tho fact is. sir, she
married me." Adams Freeman.
isn't a bridle for a woman's
u necessary part of her har-
Don t judge a man by the clothes he
wears, instead of by those he pays for.
Here’s what’s next.
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The Edmond Sun--Democrat. (Edmond, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 9, No. 50, Ed. 1 Friday, June 17, 1898, newspaper, June 17, 1898; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc142080/m1/1/: accessed July 29, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.