Oklahoma Farmer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 19, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 1, 1913 Page: 3 of 24
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Written Expressly for Oklahoma Farmer by
• E. V. HARTMAN
Broken Arrow, Oklahoma
I surely pity* the family who from
choice or necessity is a constant eater
of hog and whose scrofulous diet Is
never broken by the gratifying change
which the hojne garden affords.
Fried pork and potatoes, poor bread,
l&rdy pies and rich cakes form for
the„Jarger part of the year the chief
articles of diet for thousands of far-
mer families and others.
A good garden is within the reach
of all, however humble the home may
be. Several things are necessary in
order to have a first class garden—a
pood fertile noil aijd the proper selec-
tion of good seeds—warmth, moisture
and sunshine. The first two requis-
ites are within the power of man .to
acquire, while we must leave to our
Creator the giving of the other three.
* Some people seem to think the suc-
cessful growing of all kinds of vege-
tables is a magic ^irt only acquired
by a few people here and there—I'll
admit there is brought into play by
the successful gardener, scientific
knowledge of soils and the habit and
best environment of the different
vegetables grown. Knowledge and dil-
igence go hand in hand with this busi-
ness of garden making as well as in
any other line of work.
Take a chair Bro. Farmer and let's
talk it over together—now while we
have time—and see - if we can't plan
a good garden for the coming year,
aiming to have a plenty of* choice,
crisp vegetables as the summer passes
by. Often the farmer, especially if he
be a renter, has not much latitude for
choice as to the lay or location of his
garden, but lias' to take, often, what
has hereto been used as such. An
old garden plot has an advantage over
a new one in that it has been brought
up to a higher state of fertility by
yearly dressings of manure, and the
matter of having the garden soil fer-
tile enough is of (prime Importance.
It really takes several years to bring
a soil up to the proper fertility in
order to enable one to grow the choic-
est vegetables. Of course vegetables
can be grown on less fertile land but
they certainly are not first class. Give
the garden a liberal dose of well rotted
manure and plow it under—and do
that now if possible. Plow deep and
by so doing you will make the soil's
caipacity for holding moisture greater
and which can and should be held
'there to a great extent by the proper
working of the top soil. •
In the spring work the soil up well
with a disc harrow until it is thoro-
ughly pulverized, drag it with a har-
row until it is level and you are
ready for the first planting of hardy
vegetable seeds and bulbs. February
ought to see all the early vegetables
planted according to your latitude,
such as lettuce, onions, peas, mustard,
♦ radish, turnip and spinach. I always
plant and recommend the Black seed-
ed Simpson lettuce which is of the
non-heading type. Its an old standard
sort, of large size and highest quality.
It resists heat and remains long in
an edible condition. Of the onions I
• much prefer the old reliable, Red
Wethersfield, they produce magnificent
bulbs with very few scalllons. If you
want a few onions for pickling, grow
the White Barletta, Of course for
real earjy green onions the ever use-
ful onion sets come in play. If you
don't care to raise seed onions try a
few Yellow Potato onions, which mul-'
Mplies by division of the parent bulb.
It is a large yellow sfcinned onion,
flesh white and mild in flavor, matur-
ing early and Is a good erqpper. Doe^
< not produce seed, T find it does well
in Oklahoma. Once you get a start' of
this onion, you will always have onions
• If given ojjly half a chafice.
There is a large field to choose from
in the selection of pea seed. For extra
early sort I prefer the Alaska; vines
about 2 feet, a splendid bearer. For
main crop I always use the American
Wonder. It Is a wrinkled pea of
dwarf habit and just the pea for the
private garden. In favorable weather
and soil it will mature In the remark-
able short period of 42 days. The
vines are unusually stocky and robust
and need no brush. Peas are hardy
and are not Injured by a light freeze,
one pint of seed will plant 100 feet of
arin—2 bushel per acre. I find late
peas do not rdo well in Oklahoma as
they are at their best in cool weather
Mustard .is fine for first taste of green
in early spring. Of the mustards 1
prefer the Southern Giant CurYed.
Making successive sowings in shallow
drills about a foot apart and you will
thus prolong its season considerably.
Another plant that is splendid for
salad and garnishing purposes is the
Water Cress. This hardy perennial
plant roots readily both in water and
wet soils and when once planted will
thrive without any care or culture.
It has a pleasant pungent taste and
is highly esteemed as a table delicacy.
To introduce it in any stream or pon'l,
sow seed or a few cuttings or pieces
or roots in the mud along the edge and
it will take care of Itself and increase
rapidly, often overrunning the entire
surface of water in small streams or
ponds. The radish is a hardy plant
and can be planted early and for this
purpose I usually plant the Early .
Deep Scarlet Turnip for first #early,
which is handsome, very early and j
crisp. For winter use, I plant the i
China Rose Winter. These must be \
taken up at the approach of winter
and placed in the moist soil in cellar
or cave and in this way will afford
crisp radishes all through the winter.
A few nice early turnips in the spring
are relished by most people and ought
t«> be more largely planted than it is.
For this purpose I plant the Extra
Early Purple Top Milan and it never
fails to please. Of course for fail
and winter use the Purple Top Strap
Leaf is far the best and the one which
I grow for that purpose.
We now pass on to the plants not
so hardy as the foregoing -but require
a warm soil and sunshine in order to
insure their best growth. This list
includes beans, 'cucumbers, tomatoes,
sweet corn, musk melons, watermelons,
cabbage, peppers, celery, egg plant,
beets, okra, salsify and a few other
I grow for early snap beans the
early Valentine,, it ife a green podded
and stringless Variety, fine in every
way and always pleases. Of the Wax
varieties I plant the Davis Kidney
Wax which has the advantage of
white seeds. This makes it a desir-
able sort to use in the dry state for
winter use. I am sure this bean will
do well in any part of the State and
in those locations where my friend*
have failed to raise the c'ommon navy
bean, I would urge them to plant
!ib6rall^ of this variety and I am sure
pleased with the harvest that it af-
None of the pole beans have proven
a decided success with me in Okla-
homa. It seems they are not able to
endure the heated, dry spell which
we usually l.ave thj-ough July' and
August. Have grown Kentucky Won-
der, Lay Wife, Cut Shorts and other?
with about the same success, Thesf
tests were rnady on upland. They
may act differently on bottom soil.
The Bush Limas are a valuable
requisition to the bean family and
those who fail to grow them are miss-
ing something fine. They are a suc-
cess in Oklahoma and are easy of
culture, requiring the same care and
attention as other beans. Altho
small, I can heartily recommend the
Henderson for early use, it possesses
high table merit, deliciouH favor and
great productiveness. It bears until
frost and a small patch will supply
,a family. The Fordhood is later tho
excellent also, it being very .large the
po£s containing an average of four
large beans, almost as large as the
large pole limas.
I think th common Navy bean can
and ought to be grown more than it
is in Oklahoma while it does not
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flourish as well here as in Michigan
and New York, yet it does fairly well
and will mature even if planted as late
as the middle of Juiy. In 1911 I
plantati a small plot after the rains
came, July 22nd, these matured and
made a fair crop. I notice some far-
mers plant the crop too early and
thereby do not get the good results.
Of course one must be governed some-
what by the season as when to plant.
My aim is to use them as a second
crop, following early ipotatoes or an
oat crop that iias been cut for hay or
In fact any early crop that is out
of the way In time.
In the next issue I wish to go down
the list telling you something about
the varieties I have found best for our
State, basing my judgment on eight
years of gardening in Oklahoma and
six years commercial gardening in
Illinois. I am aware a great deal of
money, time and effort has been ex-
pended *nd wasted through a lack of
a proper knowledge of vegetables an.I
their requirements. Witnessing as I
have the planting of tomatoes, pea and
other seeds as late as August let by
people who thought they would yet
make a crop, is as I have said money
and energy wasted.
Trial trip until May 1, 1913, for 10
cents. Oklahoma Farmer, Guthrie.
Here’s what’s next.
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Crowther, M. L. Oklahoma Farmer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 19, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 1, 1913, newspaper, February 1, 1913; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc139792/m1/3/: accessed June 25, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.