Halpin, Harry E. The Shawnee News. (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 154, Ed. 1 Tuesday, August 9, 1904, newspaper, August 9, 1904; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc137667/m1/1/: accessed May 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .