The Dover News (Dover, Okla.), Vol. 15, No. 47, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 2, 1916 Page: 3 of 8
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THE NEWS, DOVER. OKLAHOMA.
| and Co-Operative
Union of America
Matters $f Especial Moment to
the Progressive Agriculturist
Horget as many disagreeable things
as you can.
It is a wise man who knows his
After fifty a fellow s chief occupa-
tion is growing old.
Theory is all right, but results have
the most persuasion.
Grumbling about the weather nei-
ther helps you nor it.
The crop of oats sown by the young
man is Beldom a failure.
Tho oil of the whip is a poor plaster
for the cramp of laziness.
The proper way to treat children is
not to treat them too often.
Is there a farmers' club in your
community? If not, why not?
Work becomes drudgery only when
we fail to put our hearts into It.
Go to your church 10 attend serv-
ices, and away to attend to service.
The man who tries to improve on
Nature's way of doing things has a
No man or woman who really has
a passion for the soil can ever go very
To know how to talk is an easy mat-
ter, but to know when to talk requires
If farmers kept books, there would
he a great many better ones than
there are today.
Some men can say more with a
handshake than other men can say
in an hour's speech.
The man who doesn't plan his work
usually rattles around in his job like
a June beetle in a tin can.
HARD PROBLEM FOR FARMERS
One Thing to Own a Farm and An-
other to Be Owned by a Mort-
gage—Caution Is Urged.
(By S. C\ MILLER.)
Renters have shared in the general
prosperity of farmers during the past
few years, and many of them have
caught the spirit of ownership and are
anxious to try farming on their own
This is one of the most laudable am
hitions in the world. Every man who
loves farming always has, down deep
in his heart, a longing to own some
land upon which he can make a home
and work out his fortunes.
But it is one tiling to own a farm
and finite another to be owned by a
Lack of capital is the rock upon
which so many farmers go to pieces,
and while it is not easy to discourage
a man who has set his mind on buy-
ing a farm, still I cannot help urging
the greatest caution.
If a farmer is obliged to go heavily
into debt for his land in the first
place, the interest charges alone are
a heavy drag upon his resources.
if he has no capital left after mak-
ing his first payment and getting in
his crop he will constantly be pinched
tor ready money and. therefore, forced
to sell his crops at the earliest possi-
ble moment whether the market is
l ight or not.
To put all his money into the first
nayments on his land and have no
surplus cash to carry on his business
is to run a great risk of losing his
land and his labor.
It now requires a good deal of
money to properly equip a general
farm. Ilorses, machinery and stock
of all kinds is high, and the farmer
who goes into business for himself
needs more capital than ever before.
ETERNAL ENEMIES OF WEEDS
Sheep Clear Up Waste Vegetation and
Turn It Into Mutton—Also De-
stroy Many Insects.
Sheep are the sworn enemies of
weeds. They clear up waste vegeta-
tion and turn it into mutton.
By eating down and trampling the
weeds on the fields and along the
fences, they destroy many insects
which harbor in the weeds.
If the sheep merely pay for the ex-
tra grain given them, it is profitable
to keep them as scavengers and in-
Set Aside Prejudices.
To keep clear of prejudice and be
willing to alter any opinion you may
hold when further light breaks upon
your mind is evidence of a clear brain
and a sound heart.
Clean Bed for Brood Sows.
Have you good dry sleeping quar-
tos rdc your sows this winter? It will
pay, and pay well, to have a
good, clean, dry bed for brood sows.
When making cocoa, you can greatly
improve the liavor, obviating the
• Mat" taste, by adding a pinch of salt
and a few drops of extract of vanilla
Boiling several miuuter makes co-
coa richer in taste and more digesti-
ble, while it stands to reason that
milk and not water makes much the
richer beverage, although milk and
water may be mixed Condensed or
evaporated milk makes delicious co-
coa Beat the cocoa for a few min-
utes before serviug It.
If he is obliged to sell his hogs as
soon as they are ready, or rush his
j «'orn to market the moment it is hard
I enough to harvest, or sell any other
j product under necessity, without be-
I ing able to take advantage of the best
| prices, he will be greatly handicapped
j In fact, he will be constantly working
| The lack of ready money over and
above th« requirements *of the farm
i also keeps his family in a state of
I hardship which is distressing, and if
| he has hoys and girls these hardships
j will eventually drive them from the
It would seem, therefore, that it
would be much wiser for the renter,
I if he has a good contract with a de-
cent landlord and is doing fairly well,
to continue to use his capital in his
farming operations on a rented place,
rather than invest it all in land and
attempt to carry on a business for
himself under the great disadvantage
of having no capital.
If he is without money he may be
able to buy on credit but he must pay
the highest price for everything. Noth
ing talks to such advantage as ready
money, and the farmer who has cash
to pay down for his implements, seed
or live stock, always gets the best
The farmer without capital is al
ways, therefore, obliged to earn more
from his land in order to keep even
with his neighbors, and he is. there-
fore, working practically to no pur-
pose in a large degree.
Of course the high price of land in
the great middle West has advanced
rent charges until, in many cases, the
renter is unable to make a decent liv-
ing. Naturally one would suppose that
the price of land advances because it
is more profitable to the producer, but
this is not always the case.
If a good farm in the neighborhood
is sold at a high price, every other
farm around it is at once advanced,
no matter whether conditions Justify
tt or not, and the renter is obliged to
pay more for the use of it.
The problem of whether to own or
rent land is not an easy one; but the
man who continues to rent, and can
add to his capital every year, keeping
out of debt and maintaining his credit,
is, in our opinion, better off than the
man who goes deeply into debt and
is obliged to struggle for long years,
and suffer great hardships, to win in-
COTTON TRADE IS HAMPZRirD
Distressing War Conditions Keep Ex-
ports Running Smaller Than for
Some Time Past.
More than any other one Ihing. co -
ton wants a wider foreign outlet. This
is as true today as a year ago under
the distressing war conditions. Ir.
fact, vessel room is so scarce, and
ocean freights so high, that the for-
eign business this winter is greatly
hampered and exports running small
er than some time ago; total past five
months just a little more than 4,000,-
000 bales, compared with 4,370,000
bales in the same period a year ear-
lier and 7,200,000 bales two years ago
when Europe was buying normally.
Germany and Austria are still out of it
Widespread efforts will be made
through the South to again hold down
the acreage. Standard grade of cot-
ton sold around the opening of the
year a little above and below 12 cents
a pound, or four cents better than
one year ago. Domestic spinning in-
terests are in a healthy condition,
with consumption of the staple very
large.—Farm and Home.
PASSENGERS WARNED TO AVOID THIS VESSEl
&■- # •
'J he French liner Espagne, which may be one of the first victims of Germany's new announced policy of sinking
all enemy armed merchantmen. Americans booked to sa l on the Espagne from New York received anonymous
letters warning them not to embark.
BERGEN, NORWAY, AFTER ITS GREAT FIRE
This view of Hergen. Norway's great fishing center and seaport, was taken after the recent conflagration which
destroyed a large part of the city. Thousands of persons were made homeless and the damage was estimated at
more than $20,000,000.
WITNESSED MASSACRES IN PERSIA
ARCHIE ROOSEVELT IN KHAKI
Repair Farm Machinery.
Repair farm machinery now. You
cannot afford to stop work in the rush
season for repairs that can be made
Some men carry a lantern on their
arm while feeding the stock. This is
nearly as bad as putting it on the
The milk producers in various parts
of the country are forming strong
combinations to enable them to get at
least fair prices from the city distrib-
utors. In Chicago and some other
large cities, independent distributing
companies, whose stockholders are all
farmers, are being formed.
Cheaper Money Needed.
We need cheaper money for the
farmers. At present tho farmers or
the United States owe $5,000,000,000
Money at a lower rate of interest will
mean millions of dollars in saving to
the farmers.—The Farmer.
If you are offered more for your
farm than you think it is really worth
Just consider if there is not some
thing wrong with your methods in
stead of bad Judgment on the part o:
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Shtmmon, after a harrowing experience in Urumla
Persia, finally reached America by devious ways and are now co-operating
with the American committee for Armenian and Syrian relijf. Mr. Shimruon
Is an American citizen and a graduate of Columbia university. During the
massacres of the Christians in Urumiah by the Kurds and Turks, Mr. Shim-
mon, by advice of the American missionaries, fled to Tiiiis, leaving Mrs.
Shimmon under the protection of the American flag. She was an eyewitness
to the atrocities in I'rumiah and the surrounding district, ller aunt and uncle
were shot and their bodies were burned, ller cousin, a your.g girl, refusing to
marry a Moslem, was made the victim of horrible abuse by the Kurds and
then her body was burned Mr. Shimmon returned with the Russians.
REVIEWING TROOPS AT ZATUN, EGYPT
Food for Brood Sow.
The sow needs plenty of bone and
muscle forming food before the little
New Kitchen Economy.
After using cold water starch many
housekeepers throw t> away. This la
wasteful Allow it 'o settle and pour
off the clear water Put the basin in
tbv oven and leave nnt.il the starch is
dry and a hard cake This should be
uut nvay for future u*..
Tike one and one-half cupAils sweet
milk, half cupful sugar, yolks of two
eggs; flavor with vanilla; cook like
This photograph, takea during a review of the Hrltish Mounted Rifles at
7.atun, Egypt, shows, left to right, Gen. Sir Alexander Godley, Sir Henry
UacMahon and Sir John Maxwell, commander of the British forces in Egypt.
Submarine Campaign Against
Anned Merchantmen Will
Start as Scheduled.
FORMER ASSURANCES STAND
Ambassador Bernstorff Instructed to
Notify America that All Armed
Vessels are Considered Hostile.
Washington. Feb l'T. —Germany has
instructed Count Von Hernstorff to in-
form the I nited States government
that the assurances regarding the fu-
ture conduct of submarine warfare,
given in the Lnsitania and Arabic
cases still are binding, but that they
j apply only to merchantmen of a peace-
■ tul character. The German goveru-
| ment is understood to contend that
j armed merchantmen without regard to
the nature of their armament have
shown themselves not to be peaceful,
and therefore subject to destruction
The instructions direct the German
ambassador, particularly to tell Secre
tary Lansing that Hritish merchant-
nun armed ostensibly only lor defens-
ive have not assumed the character
of peaceful traders, but that on the
contrary they carry guns for the es-
pecial purpose of attacking German
submarines. To support this claim the
Berlin foreign office has sent to the
ambassador, for presentation to the
state department, a list of at least
twenty incidents where it is claimed
Itritish ships have attacked «ub
Confidential advices received from
Berlin state that Herman and Austrian
submarine commanders have been giv-
en their new orders and that from mid-
night Tuesday they will be authorized
to sink without warning all armed mer-
chant ships of the enemies of Ger-
many. It was said also that many of
the submarine commanders probubly
had left their bases on voyages, and
that even should the I'nited Stales re
<iuesi the postponing of the opening of
the campaign it would b • impossible
to get word to many of the submarines.
It is stated, however, that so far
neither the United States nor any
other nation had asked for a postpone-
German Reply Ready.
While Count Von Bernstorff and,
other officials of tlie German embassy
declined to discuss the instructions
from Merlin in any way, it is believed
i tie ambassador will present them
orally to Secretary Lansing tomorrow.
I They will not, it was said, take the
; form of a note, unless the secretary
FLOOD SUFFERERS NEED AID
Two Thousand Families Driven from
Homes on Lower Mississippi are
Calling for Help.
Natchez, Miss, Feb. 118. Crgent ap-
peals lor assistance came to Natchez
tonight from Concordia parish, where
2,000 families have been driven from
their homes by the Hood waters of the
Mississippi. Many of the inhabitants
have taken refuge on the river em-
bankments. Food supplies are report-
Reports from the lilack river region
continue to tell of suffering there.
Many points along the Hlack river are
isolated and actual conditions are not
Conditions in the Tensas valley were
reported improved tonight. In tlie vi-
cinity of Newellton the Hood water wat-
said to be receding slowly. At Water-
proof the water was sa-1 to be sta-
tionary, but from there south it was
spreading over highlands not previous-
Archie Roosevelt, son of the former
president, is one of the leaders of the
organization of Harvard students for
military training. He is here seen ia
BENEFIT IN "BROWN STUDY"
Concentration of Mental Energy Makes
for the Production of One's
"If the 'brown study' were more
often cultivated many people would be
happier, and more clear thinking would
be done," says the London Lancet. "It
is in such a state that truths dawn
suddenly and clearly upon the uncloud-
ed intelligence. It is in such a state
that mighty actions are conceived,
poems born at a stroke and mankind
enlightened through the enllghtment
of the individual.
"In this state of mind there is such
a concentration of mental energy that
the body is ignored. The mind, on the
other hand, is so working upon the
subject which concerns it, is so intent
upon its own affairs, that the external
world is obliterated, and any bodily
discomfort that may have been pre-
existing is now negligible and unno-
Tho Lancet says the relationship be-
tween mental activity and the bodily
state is not realized with sufficient fre
quency or with suflicient thoroughness
by the European of today. "The a\*-
erage man is too engrossed with hie
bodily pabulum, and in caring for th«
needs of the body he neglects the
i needs of the mind."
SHIPS CRASH IN HEAVY FOG
Crippled Vessel Convoyed to Newport
by Coast Guard Cutter During
I Newport News, Va., Feb. 26.—The
Hull Line steamer Dorothy, carrying
I twenty-seven passengers of the Mer-
! chants and Miners liner Cretan, with
I which she collided early today off Dia-
j mond shoals, passed into the Virginia
j capes tonight in the face of a north*
I east storm. The Cretan, with a gaping
| hole in her bow, arrived here and went
j to the ship yard for repairs.
The Dorothy was being convoyed by
the coast guard cutter Onondaga,
which was among the vessels to re-
spond to the Cretan's calls for help im-
mediately after the collision. The
Dorothy was reported only slightly
damaged. No one on either vessel
was injured by the crash and the trans-
fer of passengers was without a par-
ticular incident in spite of the fog
blanket and heavy seas.
Colonel House Sails for Home.
London, Feu. 2«~>.—Col. E. M. House,
confidential agent of President Wil-
ton, left for Falmouth yesterday to
take passage aboard the Holland-
American liner, Rotterdam, sailing for
New York tomorrow.
Admiral Von Pohl Dead.
Berlin, Feb. 25.—Admiral Von Pohl,
whose retirement on account of ill
health from the position of command-
er of the German battle fleet, was an-
I nounced two days ago, has died in
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Hofer, H. C. The Dover News (Dover, Okla.), Vol. 15, No. 47, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 2, 1916, newspaper, March 2, 1916; Dover, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc136462/m1/3/: accessed October 19, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.