The Dover News. (Dover, Okla.), Vol. 13, No. 6, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 17, 1913 Page: 3 of 8
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1 in IIEIHS
Concise Statement of the
Changes Made by New
COMMODITIES ON FREE LIST
Hatee Raised on Some Luxuries—Raw
Wool Placed on Free List and Sugar
Given Heavy Reduction—Farm
Washington—Important changes In
rates on variety of commodities in the
new tariff bill low before congress
Barley malt, from 45 cents to 25
cents a bushel.
Buckwheat, from 15 cents to S cents
Oats, from 15 cents to 10 cents a
Rice, cleaned, from 2 cents to 1 cent
Wheat, from 25 cents to 10 cents a
flutter, from 6 cents to 3 cents a
Cheese, from B cents a pound to 20
por cent ad valorem.
P.eans, from 4"> cents to 1 cents a
Eggs, from 5 cents to 2 ccnts per
Nursery cuttings and seedlings,
from 25 per cent to 15 per cent.
Fresh vegetables, from 25 per cent
to 15 per cent.
Apples, peaches, etc., from 25 ccnts'
to 10 cents a bushel
Raisins, from 2l> cents to 2 cents
Lemons—Present rate 1% cents
pound, proposed rate 17 cents for
package under 1M cubic feet. 35
cents for package up to 2cubic
feet, 70 cents for package up to 5
cubic feet, V* cent a pound for lemons
in bulk or in larger packages.
Oranges, limes, grapefruit, etc.—
Present rate 1 cent pound, proposed j
rate same as for lemons.
Pineapples, from 8 cents to 6 cents
a cubic foot capacity of barrels or
packages, from $8 to $5 a thouasnd in
Chocolate and cocoa—Present rate
■when valued from 15 cents to 24
cents. 2Vfc cents a pound and 10 per
cent ad valorem additional; proposed
rate 8 per cent ad valorem
Value of Raw Wool a Factor.
Woolen manufactured goods and
clothing—Present tariff rates are
"bared in many cases on value of raw
■wool. Comparison is here made with
the equivalent ad valorem duties as
previously estimated by the ways and
means committee on wool prices In
Combed wool and tops, from 105
per cent to 15 per cent.
Cloths, knit fabrics, felts and manu-
factured goods, from 97 per cent to
35 per cent.
Suspenders, ribbons, bindings, etc.,
from 83 per cent to 35 p«*r cent.
Curtains, table covers, etc.. from 50
to 35 per cent.
Garters, suspenders, etc., from 45
per cent to 25 per cent.
Table cloths, from 40 to 25 per
Lace curtains, etc., from 50 to 45
Miscellaneous cotton good^, from 45"
to 30 per cent
Earthenware and Glassware.
Cement from 8 cents a hundred
•pounds to 5 per cent ad valorem.
Lime from 5 cents a hundred
•pounds to 5 per cent ad valorem.
China clay, a ton, from $2.50 to
Fuller's earth, manufactured. * from
$3 to $1.50 a ton.
Mica, manufactured, from 5 cents
and 20 per cent additional a pound to
30 per cent ad valorem.
Chinaware, decorated, from 60 per
cent to 55 per cent ad valorem;
chinawarp, plain white, from 55 per
cent to 50 per cent ad valorem.
Cut and decorated glass from 60
per cent to 45 per cent ad valorem.
Mirrors from 11 cents and 25 cents
a square foot to 7 cents and 13 cents
a square foot.
Marble, rough, from 65 cents to 50
•cents a cubic foot.
Marble articles from 50 per cent to
45 per cent ad valorem.
Granite and building stone, dressed,
from 50 per cent to 25 per cent ad
Iron, steel and metal products:
Reduction on Automobiles.
Automobiles and motorcycles 45 per
«cent to 40 per eent.
Ferromanganese, from $2.50 a ton
to 15 per cent.
Round Iron from $6 to $12 a ton to
$ per cent
Iron and steel forgings from 30
per cent to 15 per cent.
Rail and roller bearings from 45 to
35 per cent
Sheet steel or iron, now $6 to $18,
cut to 20 per cent.
Tin plate, now $24 a ton, cut to 20
Shotguns and rifles, now $2.25 to
$10 each, changed to 35 per cent.
Table and kitchen ware, from 40 to
25 per cent.
Steam engines, printing presses,
machine tools, from 30 to 15 per cent.
Embroidering and lace making ma-
chines. now free, made dutiable at 25
The schedule carries a blanket
clause that articles or wares not spe-
cially mentioned shall pay 50 par eent.
If wholly or partly of platinum, gold
or silver, and 25 per cent, if wholly or
in chief value composed of Iron, steel,
lead, copper, nickel, pewter, zinc,
aluminum or other metal. Tableware.
| penknives and watch movements are
required to bear the names of the
manufacturer and country of origin
Lead bearing ore, from IV* cents a
| pound to half a cent.
At to Aluminum and Lead-
Aluminum, from 7 ceuts a peund to
25 per cent.
Antimony, from 1 cent a pound to
10 per cent.
Lead bullion, from 2 1-3 cents a
pound to 25 per cent.
Nickel pigs, from 6 cents a pound to
10 per cent
Chemicals, oils and paints:
Alkalis and compounds, from 25 per
cent, ad valorem to 15 per cent.
Alum, etc., from hi cent a pound to
16 per cent, ad valorem.
Bleaching powder, from 1-5 cent to
1-10 cent a pound.
Fruit oils and essences, from $1 a
pound to 20 per cent, ad valorem.
Flaxseed and linseed oil, from 15
cents a gallon to 12 cents.
Cod. seal and white oil, from 7 cents
a gallon to 5 cents.
Crude opium, from $1.50 a pound to
Prepared opium, from $2
Ocher and ocher earths: Present
rates range from V\ cent to % cent
a pound; proposed rate 5 per cent, a I
Orange mineral, from 3U cents a
pound to 25 per cent.
Zinc oxide, from 1 cent a pound to
10 per cent.
Paints, colors, etc., from 30 per
cent, to 15 per cent.
White lead, from 3 cents a pound to
25 per cent.
Sponges, from 20 per cent, to 10 per
Reduction in Silk Goods.
Chiffons, clothing, ready-made, ar
tides of wearing apparel of every de-
scription, including knit goods, from
CO per cent, to 50 per cent, ad va-
Woven fabrics, from 50 per cent, to
45 per cent, ad valorem.
Peltings, cords, tassles, ribbons of
artificial and imitation silk or horse
hair, from 45 cents a pound and 60 per I 50 cents
cent, ad valorem additional, to 00 per | to $2
cent, ad valorem.
Lumber and wood:
Veneers, from 20 to 15 per cent.
Osier or willow for basketmakers'
use, from 25 per cent, to 10 per cent.
Willow furniture, from 45 to 25 per
Details of the Sugar Schedule.
The sugar schedule eliminates the
Dutch standard of color and reduces
the basic rate on sugar testing by the
polariscope not above 75 degrees from
.95 cent a pound to .71 cent a pound.
For each additional degree shown by
the polariscopic test the additional
rate is reduced from thirty-five one-
thousandth of 1 cent a pound to
twenty-six one-thousandths of 1 cent
The other items in the cane sugar
section are changed as follows: Mo-
lasses testing not above 40 degrees,
from 20 to 15 per cent, ad valorem;
testing above 40 and not above 56 de-
grees, from 3 cents to 2*4 cents a gal
Ion; testing above 56 degrees, from 6
cents to 4 cents a gallon. At the
end of the section the following clause
is added: "Provided that three years
after the day when this act shall take
effect the articles hereinbefore enum-
erated in this paragraph shall there-
after be admitted free of duty."
Maple sugar and refined sirups, from
4 to 3 cents a pound.
Glucose or grape sugar, from l1/^ to
IVh cents a pound.
Unmanufactured sugar cane, from 20
to 15 per cent.
(A provision placing the articles in
this section on the free list after three
years is also included.)
Sugar candy valued at 15 cents a
pound or less from 4 cents a pound
and 15 per cent, ad valorem to 2
cents a pound; valued at more than
15 cents a pound, from 50 to 25 per
(Cuban sugars by treaty arrange-
ments come in at a 20 per cent, reduc-
tion from the regular duties.)
Scrap tobacco, taken from a general
classification, at a rate of 55 cents a
pound, and given an individual classi-
fication of 35 cents a pound.
Flax, hemp and jute:
Flag, hackled, from 3 to 1M> cents a
Tow and flax, from $20 to $10 a
dttlonal charge, or license fee. or oth-
erwise ) upon printing paper, wood pulp
or wood for use in the manufacture of
wood pulp, there shall be imposed
upon printing paper, when Imported
either directly or indirectly from such
country, dependency, province, or oth-
er subdivision of government, an ad
ditional duty equal to the amount of
such country, dependency, province or
other subdivision of government, upon
printing paper, wood pulp or wood for
use in the manufacture of'wood
Writing paper, from 3 cents a pound
and 15 per cent ad valorem to 25 per
Envelopes, from 20 to 15 per cent.
Hooks, from 25 per cent, to 15 per
Photograph albums, from 35 per
cent, to 25 per cent.
Manufactures of paper, from 35 t«
25 per cent.
Straw hats, unblocked and un
trlmmed, 35 per cent, to 25 per
Brushes and feather dusters, from
| 40 to 35 per cent.
Fireworks, from 12 to 10 cents a
Gunpowder valued at less than 20
cents a pound, from 2 cents to
pound | cent a pound; valued over 20 cents
a pound, from 4 cents to 1 cent u
Furs. Hats, Gloves.
Furs, dresst d on skin, from 20 to 30
per cent.; partly manufactured furs,
from 50 to 40 per cent.; furs for hat-
ters' use, from 20 to 15 per cent.
Hats, bonnets and hoods of felt,
taxed under the classification of the
present law from $1.50 a dozen and 20
per cent, ad valorem to $7 a dozen and
20 per cent., placed in the new bill at
40 per cent, ad valorem.
Women's glace gloves, from $1.25 to
$1 a dozen when not over 14 inches in
length; an additional tax of 25 cents
a dozen for each inch in length over
Women's kid gloves, from $3 to $2
a dozen, not over 14 inches in length;
an additional 25 cent tax a dozen for
each inch over 14 inches in length.
Cumulative duty on lined gloves,
cotton lined, from $1 to 25 cents a
dozen; silk or wool lined, from $1 to
dozen; fur lined, from $1
revenues to be derived from Imports
by virtue of the greatly reduced tariff
and the transfer to the free Hat of
articles that are classed as necessa-
ries of living.
Incomes of taxable persons shall
include gains, profits and income de-
rived from salaries, wages or com
pensation for personal service of
whatever kind and in whatever form
paid or from professions, vocations,
business, trade, commerce or sales or
dealings in property, ulso from inter
est, rent, dividends, securities, includ-
ing income from property, income
from but not the value of property
acquired by bequest, devise or do
scent, and also proceeds of life insur-
ance policies pMd upon death of per-
Provision Made for Deductions.
The bill allows as deductions in
computing net Income all necessary
ASPARAGUS IS HARDY ™ prevent cracked heels
Select Spot Where Plant Can Re-
Land Should Be Deep. Rich, Fertile,
Moist and Cool, With Warm Ex-
posure—Plant in Rows the
Same as Corn, Etc.
One of the best and easiest grown
of our garden perennials is the as-
paragus plant, says Green's Fruit
Grower. It can be started either from
seed or from plants If one wishes to
raise plants to sell, plant the seed,
i but if asparagus is wanted for home
I or market use it is better to set out
j yearling seedlings.
expenses actually incurred in carrying |t i8 important in laying out the as
on any business, not including per- | paragU8 plantation to select a place
where it can remain permanently for
Musical instruments, from 45
Phonographs, from 45 to I
Photographic plates, from
Moving picture films, from 25 to 20
Umbrellas and sun shad
to 30 per cent.
The schedule carries a general pro
vision increasing the duty on manu-
factured articles not specifically pro
vided for in the section from 15 to 20
per cent. Unmanufactured articles re-
main at 10 per cent.
25 to 15
NEW INCOME TAX
STARTS AT $4,000
Elaborate Provision for Gradu-
ated Payment System in
New Tariff Bill.
Washington, D. C.—Included In the
Democratic tariff revision bill is an
Income tax section, which would re-
quire every resident of the United
States who earns more than $4,000 a
year to pay a tax of 1 per cent, on, |
his earnings-Tn excess of the exemp-
tion. This would not compel the man
who earns only $4,000 to pay a tax,
but it would demand that one who
earned $4,100, for example, pay into
the government treasury an annual
tax of 1 per cent, on $100, or $1.
The bill also would provide higher
rates of taxation for persons with
larger Incomes, adding a surtax of 1
per cent, additional on earnings in ex-
cess of $20,000; 2 per cent, additional
on earnings in excess of $50,000, and 3
per cent, additional on earnings in ex-
cess of $100,000.
How Surtax Would Be Imposed.
Vnder the surtax provisions the man
who earns $20,000 would pay to the
government each year at the rate of
1 per cent, on $ 16,000 ($4,000 exempt),
or $160. If he earns $30,000 he would
pay 1 per cent, on $16,000, and 2 per
cent, on $10,000, making his annual
tax $360. The person with a $50,000
Hemp and tow of hemp, from 1 cent [ income would pay 1 per cent, on $16,-
to Vi cent a pound
Hemp, hackled, from 2 to 1 cent a
Mattings, Linoleum, Etc,
Floor mattings, from SV& cents to %
cent a Bquare yard
Linoleum and oilcloth, now classi-
fied from 8 cents a square and 25 per
cent., to 10 cents a square yard and
20 per cent, reclassified at the follow-
ing rates—plain or stamped linoleum,
30 per cent.; inlaid linoleum, 35 per
cent.; oilcloth, 15 per cent.
Pile fabrics, from 60 to 40 per cent.
Bags or sacks of single jute yarns,
from % cents a pound and 15 per cent,
to 25 per cent.
Paper and Books:
Printing paper (other than paper
commercially known as hand made or
machine hand made paper. Japan pa-
per and Imitation Japan paper by
whatever name known), unsized, sized
or glued, suitable for the printing of
books and newspapers, but not for cov-
ers or bindings, not specially pro-
vided for In this section, valued above
2V4 cents a pound, 12 per cent, ad
valorem: "Provided, however, that If
any country, dependency, province or
other subdivision of government shall
Impose any export duty, export li-
cense fee, or other charge of any kind
whatsoever (whether In form of adr
000 and 2 per cent, on $30,000--a total
tax of $760. The man with an Income
of $100,000 would be required to pay
1 per cent, on $16,000, 2 per cent, on
$30,000, and 3 per cent, on $50,000,
which would be $1,500, bringing his
total income tax to $2,260. Anyone
with a net Income of a million
would pay this $2,260 on his first
$100,000 and In addition he would pay
4 per cent, on $900,000, which would
bring his total tax to $38,260.
This bill also would re-enact the
present corporation tax law, imposing
a 1 per cent, tax on the earnings of
corporations, stock companies, insur-
ance companies and the like, but it
would exempt partnerships. This is
a flat tax, there being no graduated
scale as the earnings increase. The
few changes from the present corpo-
ration tax act, concern chiefly the time
of making returns and the time for
The bill Includes under its provi-
sions the property and earnings In this
country of persons who live abroad.
May Bring In $100,000,000.
It Is estimated by members of the
ways and means committee that ap-
proximately $100,000,000 In revenue
may be derived from this new tax, in-
cluding the corporation tax, that
amount making up for the deficit In
sonal living or family expenses. Inter- j
est accrued and payable within the )
year by a taxable person o:i Indebted- '
ness; all national, state, county,
school and municipal taxes, not In- !
eluding local benefit taxes; losses In- j
curred In trade or from fires, storms
or shipwreck not compensated by in j
suranee or otherwise; debts actual!:' t
ascertained as worthless and charged j
off; also reasonable allowance for j
wear and tear on property: but no de j
ducilon will be allowed for expense j
of restoration or improvements made !
| to Increase property value.
It excepts also, in computing net In-
J come, amounts received as dividends \
I upon the stock of any corporation,
j joint stock company, association er I
Insurance company which is taxable
upon lis net Income under (lie cor-
poration tax provision of the bill
The bill excludes the compensation
of the president of tlie United States
during liis term, that of judges of the
Supreme and inferior courts of the
Urkted States, and compensation of
all officers and employes of a state or
any political subdivision thereof.
System of Collection Framed.
It establishes a system of collection
of the tax at its source, requiring all
persons, firms, copartnerships, com
panics, corporations, joint stock com-
panies. associations or insurance com-
panies, and all trustees, executors, ad-
ministrators.-Receivers. etc., and offi-
cers and employes of the United
States having the control or disposal
of salaries, wages, Interest and other
profits and income of another person
to withhold and pay to the collectoi
of internal revenue the amount of in-
come tax due from such person. All
such persons or firms are made per-
sonally liable for such tax.
Persvns or corporations liable to
make return on incomes who fail to
do so at a specified time, are made
liable to a fine not exceeding $500 and
the penalty for false or fraudulent re-
turns is fixed at $1,000 or imprison-
ment not exceeding one year, or both.
"In formulating this additional Im-
post," said Chairman Underwood in
his report, "the attempt has been
made to provile not only a source of
revenue, but also a means of redress
ing in some measure the unequal tax
burdens which result from the prac-
tice of basing the federal income en-
tirely upon customs and internal reve-
nue duties This is a system of tax
atlon which inevitably throws the bur-
den erf ■upporting the government up-
on the shoulders of the consumers.
It correspondingly exempts the men
of larger Income, whose consumption
of the ordinary necessaries of life is
subject to tariff taxation in a far less
aggregate degree than is that of small-
er income earners, who expend the
greater proportion of their resources
for the ordinary necessaries of life."
Underwood Defends Plan.
Speaking of the principle of taxa
tion laid down and the graduated sys-
tem proposed, Mr. Underwood de-
"The progressive principle already
has been sustained by the Supreme
court of the United States In the in-
heritance tax cases and there can be
no doubt that the same principle ap-
plies to the income tax included in
this hill and will be fully upheld
should It ever be called into question.
Owing to defects in personal property
taxation, the larger incomes in the
United States have for many years
been able to escape with less than
their share of the general burden of
taxation, and this inequity will be, it
is believed, in part overcome by the
The bill provides that all taxable
persons shall be notified of the amount
for which they are liable under the
law on or before the 1st day of June
of each year and assessments must be
paid on or before June 30 For delay
in making payments and ten days aft-
er notice, there shall be added the
sum of 5 per cent, of the amount of
tax unpaid and interest at the rate of
1 per cent a month from the time the
tax fell due.
The corporation tax provision, It is
directed, shall be computed upon in-
come for the year ending December
31, 1913, and for each calendar year
thereafter. It Is provided, however,
that corporations may designate the
last day of any month as the day of
the closing of the fiscal year and may
have the tax computed on the basis
of net income ending on its designated
day. All labor, agricultural, horti-
cultural, fraternal, religious and mu
tual benefit societies are made exempt
from tb tax.
if taken proper care of the plantation
will last for twenty years. The old
idea was the asparagus "bed." The
new is to plant in rows the same as
corn, etc., so that for the market gar-
den the cultivation can be done by
horse. The land selected should be a
deep, rich, fertile, moist and cool soil,
having a warm exposure, a gradual
southern slope being preferred. If
tlie land is originally hard and coarse,
! ; I /;
'I ■ f
A j , '
! """ )
One of the Best Bunches.
it should be worked a year or two in
advance by the raising of some tlior
oughly tilled crop, using as much ma
nure as possible in the process. Late,
dec p, fall plowing is preferable, turn
ing under a thick cove ring of well-
rotted manure. In the spring, when
tlie frost is out of the ground, plov\
furrows from six to ten inches deep
and four feet apart if the soil is
not of the best quality two or three
inches of well-rotted manure should
be placed in the bottom of each trench
and on this add a couple of inches of
loose soil. Then place tlie plants in
the trench three or four feet apart
Cover with three inches' of earth, it
not being well to cover deeper, as it
takes too long for the young shoots to
push their way through. As the shoots
grow the rest of the earth can be filled
in around them by after cultivation.
When filled in, the crowns of the
plants should be about six inches be-
low the surface of the ground, for if
planted much less the roots will push
up to the surface and interfere with
Trouble May Be Avoided if Manure It
Not Allowed to Accumulate and
Urine Is Drained.
I H> 1>K H I'K-KSTON KOSKINS, Uni-
versity Farm, St. Paul.)
Scratches, also called cracked heels
or mud fever, can be prevented by
careful stable management. Cases
are rarely met with in well kept
barns, but are often seen in dirty,
poorly drained stables. Dryness and
cleanliness of the floor of the stall
are the two most important factors
in the prevention of scratches.
Horses should not be allowed to
stand in piles of manure and decom-
posing urine. These irritate and in-
tlame the skin in the fold of the ankle
just below the fetlock. The skin then
becomes thickened, due to the inllatn*
mation and breaks or cracks in it ap-
pear and if allowed to go untreated
the condition grows gradually worse.
The affected area grows larger, the
cracks become deeper and tlie animal
is in an unsightly and painful condi-
Owners of horses can prevent 'lie
trouble the majority of cases by
doing two things. Do not allow man-
ure to accumulate behind your horses,
and see that your stalls are so con- *
structed that the urine will drain
away promptly. If your horses show
any tendency toward the condition ap-
ply a small amount of carbolized vase-
line, benzoinated lard or zinc oxide
Ointment, well rubbed into the af-
fected parts. These remedies will
soften the skin and protect it from
external moisture and irritating sub-
stances. During wet weather or when
the roads and streets are muddy or
slushy, < xtra precaution should be
taken to pre\ « nt the condition L)o
not wash cracked heels, as water and
rubbing only aggravate tlie condition.
BENEFICIAL EFFECT OF LIME
Substance Improves Sandy Soils by
Making Them More Compact and
Retentive of Moisture.
(By B. H. HIT13.)
Nothing in agricultural science or
practice ma> be mentioned with more
a. -limner than the beneficial effect £
1 iiii• > on easily puddled stiff clay soila
This is so nearly a matter of common
knowledge, the wonder is that anyone
will worry along with such soils yeat
r year, and even from one genera-
tion to another, while the possible in-
crease in yield in a single year will
often pay for the necessary lime.
Lime may improve loose sandy soils
by making them more compact and
more retentive of moisture For this
purpose some form of carbonate of
lime is usually recommended, and in
much smaller quantities than for clay
soils. Clay soils will stand more lime
TWO ROOT SYSTEMS OF CORN
Deep Cultivation Prunes Feeding
Branches and Lessens Ability to
Take Up Plant Food.
A knowledge of the root systems of
corn points out the kind of cultiva-
tion to bo practiced. There are two
systems, the primary and the second-
ary, says the Breeders' Gazette. The
primary roots are the line, fibrous
roots, which almost completely fill the
top two feet of soil, crossing each oth-
er in tlie rows after the crop is half
grown. Deep cultivation prunes all
these feeding roots, lessens the abil
ity of tho plant to take up plant food
and moisture and results in the loss of
considerable water from the soil
through evaporation. Deep prepara-
tion of the soil before planting and
shallow cultivation afterward is high-
ly desirable. Tho day of "plowing1
the corn crop is gone.
The secondary roots are the tough
fibrous roots usually extending from
one of the lower nodes on the stalk
into the soil. The sole purpose of
Ihese seems to be to aet as braces for
the plant to have hold it upright.
Has the Earmarks.
Guide—In front of you Is tha na-
Miss Gush—Oh, isn't It angelic?
Mr. Grouch—Angelic? Why, young
woman, how can you spoak of It at
MIbs Gush—Well. 1 hu wln«*
Wheat, Rye and Barley.
Wheat and rye have about the same
composition, although wheat is some-
what richer in protein. Kye is in gen-
eral tougher and harder to grind,
ilotli are quite digestible, hut less so
than corn, on account of the larger
percentage of hull. When they can
be had at about the price of corn they
may profitably form a part of some
rations. They are fed more satisfac-
torily when ground than when whole.
Ilarley seems to rank between wheat
and oats. It is not used very exten
Manure Spreader With Lime Hood.
and, for almost every purpose, require
more lime than sandy soils The im-
provement or,sandy soils will often ba
much greater if the lime is applied to
a green crop turned under. Lime
hastens the conversion of the vege-
table matter into humus, and this with
I he lime helps to fill the open spaces
between the sand grains. It is claimed
by those who have given much atten
lion to light sandy soils that there ar«
no other types of soils that will re-
spond quite so readily to liming, pro-
vided the necessary vegetable mattet
LIME REQUIRED FOR ONIONS
Soil Is Made Looser and Therefore
More Productive—Success At-
tributed to Substance.
Much of my success in growing big
onions, many specimens weighing a
pound and a half apiece, I attribute to
a free application of lime to the land
in spring, says the Farm and Fire-
side. Likewise, I believe that similar
applications, just before sowing tha
seed of the Portugal onion early in
August have helped me to get a re-
markably fine stand and growth.
I have used manures right along,
year after year. The land Is rich. The
line and almost spontaneous growth
of clover on any patch that is left
to itself for a while would hardly show
that there is any need of lime. Yet,
owning perhaps to faulty drainage, tha
land often turns Up rather soggy, with
close texture. l.ime seems to make
it closer, and therefore more produc-
Fighting Stock Lice.
When treating cattle or other do-
mestic animals for lice, bear in mind
that it is just as necessary to clean
up and disinfect the stables, as to
treat the affected animals.
For lice oil cattle, advises Dr. Tley-
nolds, dust Persian insect powder
sively as a stock food in the east, over the backs and rumps; or brush
except when the quality is too poor the necks and backs daily; using
to permit its use for malting
Don't go behind a horse or cow
without speaking. Neglect to do this
may cause fright and the most do-
cile animal cannot be blamed for kick-
ing under such circumstances.
The coop for hens and chicks
should be well ventilated, easy to
clean, and of sufficient proportions to
ln 'iro comfort.
little kerosene on a stiff brush not
enough kerosene to wet the hair or in-
jure the skin.
Transplanting to Open.
Harden off all plants before setting
from the house or hotbed to the open
ground This is done by gradually re-
ducing the amount of water, and giv-
ing more air. It causes the plant to
partly ripen up Its wood, and it is
thus better able to stand the change
to climatic conditions outside. Plants
properly "hardened off" have a dull
purplish color and Arm wood.
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Moore, R. L. The Dover News. (Dover, Okla.), Vol. 13, No. 6, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 17, 1913, newspaper, April 17, 1913; Dover, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc136260/m1/3/: accessed January 16, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.