Tulsa Daily World (Tulsa, Okla.), Vol. 12, No. 198, Ed. 1 Saturday, April 7, 1917 Page: 1 of 14
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Tl'I.SA. April 8 Maximum 78
minimum 8rt; ckiir.
OKLAHOMA KORKCAST Knhir-
day cluuuy colder; Sunday generally
Tills' ftrrond spring "nutomoMla
hnw ' ' il lie kraj;vl S unlay w hfr.
tvonil huiTilrptl thoucancl dn lum worth
oi motor are liti at formal
iM iunit of the municipal ptrka.
VOL. XII NO. 198
TULSA OKLAHOMA SATURDAY APRIL 7 1917
PRICE 5 CENTS
JITH STATE OF WAR EXISTING U. S. ACTS SWIFTLY AGAINST MENACE OF GERMANS HEBE
President Wilson Signs
the Formal Declaration
TO WORK WITH ALLIES
Series of Conferences in
to Get Busy.
WASHINGTON April 8. The
United States toilny accepted Gcr-
nmny'fl challenge to war and formally
abandoned Its place hh the greatest
neutral of the world.
President Wilson at 1:18 o'clock of
ficial lime) this afternoon signed the
resolution of congress declaring tho
existence of a state of war and au-
thorizing and directing the chief
executive to employ all the resources
of the nation to prosocuto hostilities
against tho German government to a
The act was without ceremony and
only in the presence of members -jf
the president's family. Word was
flashed Immediately to all army and
navy stations and to vessels at sea
and eiders for further precautionary
steps withheld until tho last moment
Call to the Patriots.
Hy proclamation the president an-
nounced tho state of war. called upon
all citizens to manifest their loyalty
and assured Hermans In this cuuntry
that they would he unmolested as long
as they behaved themselves. Orders
were issued soon afterward for the
arrest of sixty ringleaders In German
plots and Intrigues.
The president went over the pre-
paratory measures with the cabinet
discussing what has been accomplished
and dwelling It Is understood upon
arrangements for co-operation with
the entente allies ngainst the common
enemy. Plans for co-operation are
snld to have taken very definite
shape tho" there will be no announce-
ment on the subject for the present.
The seizure of (in man ships laid up
In American harbors was the subject
of Interested comment.
Congress tjulu I'ntil Monday.
Ttoth houses of congress have ad-
journed over until Monday so that
their committees may be free tomor-
row for preliminary work on war
Word that King George and Presi-
dent Poincare had dispatched mes-
sages of congratulations to tho presi-
dent was received unofficially. Cinlv
unofficial information also came con-
cerning the action of President Meno-
cal of Cuba as recommending a
declaration of war against Germany
by Cuba and the growing sentiment
for war in Brazil.
Foreign relationships of the United
Plates today underwent the greatest
change in the country's history
sweeving away practically all the In-
ternational questions of the past two
years and substituting entirely new
problems. As a result the state de--4artment
Is being entirely reorganized
and the great mass of routine which
lias overwhelmed even tho highest
officials is to be redistributed along
Much Work Wall.
An enormous amount of work is
expected in the near future with va-
rious commissions military economic
and diplomatic going back and forth
between this country and the allies.
The first act by the department
when war became a fact was to pre-
pare copies of tho war resolution and
proclamation for all the foreign mis-
sions here for inimedlato transmission
to their respective governments.
Cables were sent to American mis-
sions abroad and full mail dispatches
prepared to go forward at ince.
Instructions prepared several days
ago were sent to the treasury depart-
tnent to cease transmuting uemnn i
the armament and armed guards on
merchantmen entering American har-
bors on the ground that henceforth no
restrictions will bo placed on such
HUGE SUGAR SUITS SETTLED
Compromise Action Against Ameri-
can HcflnhiK Co. by Planters.
NEW ORLEANS. April 6. Settle-
nient of the 189 suits brought by
Ijoulsiana planters against the Ameri-
can Hugar Korinlng company under
tho Sherman antitrust law In Novem-
ber 1913 and which sought treble
damages totaling $163000000 was
effected here late today at a confer-
ence of officials of the sugar company
and representatives of the planters
and cane growers. Tho announcement
Issued by the conference did not state
the amount of money the company
agecd to pay tho planters but persons
Inierested stated the amount was be-
tween $600000 and $700000.
NATURALIZATION PUZZLE UP
German Seeks to Become V. 8. Citizen;
Case to lie Made Test.
NEW YORK April 6. Whether a
German can become a naturalized
American citizen during wartime will
be settled by the test case of Jonas
Mnyer who was granted his final
papers here today by Federal Judge
Mayer with the understanding that the
action would be contested by the gov-
ernment. Judge Mayer filed a memo-
randum in which he said that "the
question has never been passed upon
and it is of paramount Importance that
there should bo a uniformity of ruling.
What Havoc This Would Play
How New York would look if attacked by an aeroplane. The photo
shows the downtown financial district probably the wealthiest area in the
whole world. Plans for defense against such an attack now occupy the na-
I 1 .-.P. ii ii ii iii
r .-:: Mat SfSrWivrfimnf f L. "i ' m 1 - f 13 ml I T7 4
TAG DAY WORKERS
ON STREET TODAY
Three Hundred Women Will
Seek Funds for Charity Be-
ginning ut 9 This Morning.
Charity workers are enthusiastic
over the prospects of making this the
greatest tag day in tho history of
Tulsa. promptly at 9 o'clock this
morning a small army of women will
Invade tho downtown district and be-
gin the campaign for funds of the
Humane society during the coming
For no previous tag duy has there
been such a general offer of assist-
ance as has come this year from wo-
men in every station of life. All day
yesterday Humane Agent Welch was
kept busy answering telephone calls
from women who were anxious to
give their services toward making tho
day a success. All were accepted and
It Is estimated that there will be at
least 300 women selling tags during
Mono Tags Ordered.
Four thousand tags had been or-
dered but yesterday a rush order for
two thousand additional was put in.
Mr. Welch and Mrs. A. M. O'Uonnell
chairman of the tag day committee
believe that tho entire lot will be sold
before the sale closes at 9 o'clock to-
night. The Palace Majestic Empress
Lyric Strand and HroaUway theaters
have voluntarily contributed the re-
CO.VT1NUED ON TAOE SEVEN
OLDEST U. S. SOLDIER DIES
G. M. l!ion 72. Drops on Recrlvtirf
M-jssairo From Government.
ST. A'JG'TSTINE Fla.. April C.
Fergt. G. M. Drown 72 Jears old and
said to be the oldest enlisted man In
the regular army dropr-ed dead hero
today when he received a reply
from th war departmert askl ig If hu
could get Into active service which sold
that he was not physically alia. Ha
tnlUled In New York 56 years ago and
ftnee retirement was a caretaker dti
Fort Mai Ion. 1
X' '. If
IF THIS WLRE AM ENEMY PLANE .
IT WOULD HAVE THE GREAT ClTYS
TREASURE MOUSES AT US MERCY
BRYAN READY TO
SERVE HIS FLAG
TAILAIIASSKK I'M.. April fl.
William Jcnnliiic Prvan today
sept Ihls liicsMisc to President
"llcllpvlim II (11 Ix the duly of
ca h t'ili.en to boar his i:irt -if
the ht.nlrn of war anil his share
of lis perils. 1 hereby tender my
scnlrcs to the Koveriirrriit PIohm:
enroll mc as a private win never
I am welled. Assign mi! to a iy
work ihot I ran do until called Ut
the colors. I hall thru tho Kwl
CrOfcji contribute to the comfort
of soldiers In the hos.ilt.iU anil
thru the Young Men's ('hrlstbia
nssoclrtlen aid In giiiirilli't' liio
morals of the men in camp."
' Mr. Ilrj1.11. with tl.e rank f f
colonr! commanded n rcrlmeiit
f Xebra.skit volunteers (luring tho
CUBA READY NOlTO
LINE UP WITH ALLIES
Menocal Urges Congress to
Act Against Germany; Joint
HAVANA April 6. President Meno-
cal this afternoon sent a message to
congress asking that war bo declared
The president In his message set
forth In great detail the wrongs per-
petrated against all neutrals by Ger-
many's ruthless undersea warfare
and urged that Cuba follow the ex-
ample set by the United Htates.
At 6:60 o'clock this afternoon the
senate after the reading of President
Menocal's message appointed a com-
mittee of five senators to meet a like
committee from the house of repre-
sentatives to consider the message and
Cuba has a well-trained well-officered
and well-equipped army of
twelve thousand men that h can
throw Into the fray.
CABINET TAKES UP
WAR FOOD ISSUES
Houston Planning to Conserve
Supply and Increase Na-
WASHINOTON. April 6. Food
production and distribution for the
war period were discussed at todnv'a
cauinet meeting and afterward 8ec-
lemry jiounton announced that he
would leave Immediately for St. Louis
tO confer Wllh nirrloiil.i.pnl .
from the great cereal growing states
vi wie 111 11111 re west on the problem.
As soon as possible ho will hold a
similar conference in the cast.
To Conserve Supplies.
The administration has made prepa-
rations for a natlon-wldo character
for Increasing nml ranurvi n. ....
- - - - " " ' ' ' " ft 1111 lUUH
supply of the country to meet the
""""lie ucmanaa and tho necessity
of forwarding larger amounts to the
Wcfore Secretary Houston's plans
uecuinn Known inn nnnuin .... t..n
of Senator Reed adopted a resolution
requesting me department of agri-
culture to nrpnam rm t-Vnn.l A .
ommendatlons for tho conservation of
ioou suppiy or tne nation.
iJite today the following statement
Was Issued nt thi rlnnniltnun i. i
culture relative to Secretary Houston's
. Seek More Efficiency.
"On Monriav At 1 fl nVUrif ViA
tary will hold a conference In St.
Louis with the state commissioners
01 agriculture and the representatives
fit thA land irrnnl niill.M. n nnnu(.in
agricultural problems in 17 of the
Ki.rai cereai-growing states rrom Ohio
to Montana and from Wisconsin to
Tmtiii Amnnir tha nmltlami A v. -
considered will be those of increasing
tne etriciency ot production of ways
fit Imnrnvlnv llHtrlhlltlnn nnt .Via
creation of the requisite machinery."
The secretary contemplates holding
at an early date another conference
In the east. The department recently
has assisted at a conference In New
England and one at Atlanta for the
Wllllinii lUrtejr Nuraerjr Fifth and Mtln.
Sixty Alleged Spy Leaders
to Be Held During
War; No Bail.
15000 RESERVES HERE
Young Germans in This
Country to Be Watched
Closely by U. S.
WASHINGTON -April . Tho arrest
of sixty alleged ringleaders In Ger-
man plots conspiracies and machina-
tions In tho i nlteil Slates was ordered
today by Attorney-General Gregory
Immediately after President Wilson
had signed tho war resolution.
Kvery man whoso arrest was or-
dered Is a German citizen and known
by tho department of Justice It was
authoritatively stated to have parti-
cipated actively In German Intrigues
In this country and Is regarded 113 a
dangerous person to be ut largo.
To ltcfiiso llollds.
Hall will ho refused In each case
It was said and the entire group will
be lin ked up unless there is a change
in present laws for tho duration of
Indications are that a number of
oilier arrests will be ordered within
the next few days.
Tho men are placed in threo groups:
Into Three Classes.
Those who have been ronvleted of
violation of American neutrality In
furthering tlerman plots of various
sorts and aro at liberty under bond
awaiting the action of higher courts;
thoso who have been I mile ted by fed-
eral grand Juries fur similar offenses
and are at liberty under bond awaiting
trial anil pel. ions neither Indicted nor
convicted but whoso activities liavo
been under long survulllanco by tho
secret service or the department's bu-
reau of investigation
l or the first tlmo In more than a
century arrests of ullen enemies un-
der tho attorney-general's order will
bo made without reference to tho
courts or obtaining warrants. Tho
president Is empowered to adopt this
course in tlmo of war under an net of
congress passed in 179S and not In-
voked since the war with Great llrit-
aln. Tho department has under strict
surveillance thousands of German re-
serves resident in the United States
who aro suspected of having been
connected with plots already brought
to light with plots abandoned before
perfection or who have boen notle
in German propaganda or because of
their accentuated leanings toward the
Get man government nre regarded us
likely to work against the Interests of
the I'nited States during tho war.
How many German reservists aro
residents of tho I'nited Ktutes a high
official Mild tonight has never been
accurately determined and Is largely
a matter of conjecture. This official's
belief was that the number ranged be-
tween tDO.000 and 200.000. The great
majority It was snld are men In mid-
dle life or beyond or men who have
been in this country for so many years
that their sympathies In the present
strugglo aro considered virtually 11s
having been transplanted to tho
There Is however It was said an
army of between IB 000 and 18000
young German reservists In this coun-
try In the prime of life who have been
hero for a short time not more than
from three to five years that they
may bo properly regarded ns potential
sources of trouble. Upon this army
the secret service and the bureau of
investigation have concentrated much
of their energy.
For obvious rensr.ns the department
of Justice withheld the nnmss of per-
sons ordered apprehended today but
It was said that virtually all of them
could be classed us quusi-offlrluls of
the German government. Many of
them it Is alleged were Instrumen-
talities thru which Captains lloy-Kd
and Von Pappen carried out their ac-
tivities in this country ugalnst the
allies. A few of that number it was
said could properly be classed as
spies. The department is prepared to
contest to the highest court any ef-
fort made to obtain the liberation un-
der bond or by habeas corpus pro-
ceedings of the men ordered u nested
today. The manner In which the ar-
rests wore ordered made by United
States marshals forthwith without ref-
erence to tho courts Is a purely war-
time Step unauthorized In time of
peace and there are but two prece-
dents on the statute books to guide
legul authorities In tho fight in the
courts which Is to follow.
These precedents concern one man
Charles lek ington a liritish subject
residing In Philadelphia at the out-
break of the war of 112. In con-
formity with President Madison's
proclamation requiring all alien ene-
mies llvlnif within forty miles of tide
water to report their presence to tho
nearest I'nited States marshal lacking-ton
reported to the marshal at
Philadelphia and was removed to
Reading where ho was given limited
lllierty under parole. Ijiter he was
found at largo In Philadelphia and
appealed to the courts ugalnst the or-
der to convey him back to Heading.
Ills case came up first In the Penn-
sylvania courts and later before Jus-
tice Washington who sustained the
president's action under the act of
1798 In an opinion In which he said:
"The power of the president under
the first section of tho law to estab-
lish by his proclamation or other pub-
110 act rules and regulations for ap
prehending le.trulnlng securing and
removing alien enemies under the
circumstances stated In the section
appears to me to be as unlimited as
the legislature could make It"
the iv a k at
A Mate of war eists between
the I'nlicil Males and Germany.
When President Wilson signed
his war proclamation declaring
that a state of war exists the
Initetl Males for the m-ciuiiI I line
since INI I entered Into war with
an i:uriH'an power.
Seizure of all M-lf-interneil
German ships In American witlcrs
has Itccn curried out and war
measures are Ix-hitr hurried to
completion by cimirrcss and led--i
nl nml stale authorities.
Many Germans were arrested
n order of the ili'iai'liiient of
Justice hi the cn.-t.
President .Menocal of Cuba has
urged the Cuban congress to de-
clare that 11 slate of war exists
Ix-tuccu Culm mid Germany.
Anti-German feeling Is rcMirtcil
hlli In ltrall after the sinking
of a Itrallliiu merchant vessel
nml the largest republic of South
America also may Join hi defend-
lug herself against German
iiii-iIkhIs of mix nl warfare.
MAY USE TEUTON
SHIPS FOR TROOPS
Seized Gorman Vessels Would
Bo Ideal for Transporting
U. S. Troops.
630000 TONS CAPTURED
Boats Badly Damaged But
High Class; Huge Vador-
land Included in List.
WASHINGTON April . While a
final decision has not been reached
Indications after today's cabinet
meeting were that nearly a hundred
German merchant vessels wero taken
over In different ports today will bo
regarded us tho porperty of the
American government mid nnid fur
utter the war.
The vessels laid up In American har-
bors for safety at tho outbreak of
tho war In Kuropo were seized early
today immediately after tho house's
passage of tho war resolution. Their
crews will be removed to tho immi-
gration detention stations there to
be treated as aliens admissible to tho
country If ablo to pass tho ordinary
immigration tests. Tho fact that
many are naval reservists will not
serve to bar them.
To Hasten Itcpalrs.
There wero Indications today that
damage done to I ho ships by their
crews when relations between the
United States ti ml Germany were
broken will be repaired us early us
CliNTINI'Kli ON J AI.l; NISI.
CAFES WAXING PATRIOTIC
Kansas Clly Keslaiirant Men Anxious
to Conserve tho I'immI.
KANSAS CITV April 6. Tho Kan-
sas City Restaurant .Men's association
today discussed ways and means of
conserving the country's food supply
adopted resolutions declaring their
loyalty to the country and readiness
to do whatever possible toward guard-
ing against a food shortage. The fol-
lowing telegram was sent Secretury of
"As an association whoso business
It Is to feed one hundred thousand
daily we will bo glad to conform with
your plans for the conservation of the
fun. I supply of tho country during
WILSON KIND TO GERMANS
Teuton Insurance Companies in Amer-
ica Not to Ho ltlliercsl.
WASHINGTON. April fl German
Insuranco companies In tho United
Stutes doing millions of dollars worth
of business annually und with thou-
sands of Amerieuu policy holders
were assured today In u proclamation
by President Wilson that their busi-
ness would not bo Interfered with In
During the war however they will
not transmit money to their tlerman
home offices or have other relations
TEXAS LEADS FOR NAVY
furnishes Greatest Number ItccruiM
Per Capim It's shown.
BIRMINGHAM. Ala. April P.
More than flvo hundred recruits fo
the United States may have boon of-
fered by southern states fur the week
ending toduy l.leutetu.nt Bel jienl'l
K. Johnson United Stales navy ln-
Kiieelor of rerrtiltlnir of.'lets for tho
southern district today announced.
Texas hus furnished mojo recrr'itsl
pir capita than any other southern
Hate. I-ledtensnt Jo inson declared.
Alabama Is ond.
The sc'ithern naval district Includes
nil southern slates cast of the Mlss-
bilppl river and Texas rind Oklahoma.
QUAKER TOWN IS AROUSED
Bell at Independence Hall Rings Tell-
ing IVoplo War's Declared.
PHILADELPHIA. April . This
city today notified its citizens of tho
signing by tho president of the war
resolution by ringing the bell at In-
READY TO STRIKE
Preparations for Actual
Hostilities Are Swiftly
WAR NEWS IS FLASHED
Messages Go Over World
When Wilson Signs the
WASHINGTON April 6.
Measures to make ready for
actual hostilities with Ger-
many went forward swiftly
today at the war and navy
Wilson issued a
urging the prompt
of the general staff's army
plans to be taken up tomor-
row by the house military
committee. Complete mobili-
zation of the navy was ordered
by Secretary Daniels imme-
diately after the cabinet meet-
ing. The naval militia and
naval reserve totalling nearly
15000 will join the colors
within two or three days.
Organize Coast Patrol
Mobilization means the
mediate organization o
coast patrol service and
taking over of the swift
vately-owned motor craft al-
ready enrolled. Volunteer
crews for these boats will be
called out also. While the
men were assembling tele-
graphic orders to contractors
in all parts of the country
were on the wires providing
supplies of every kind that
will be necessary.
Under the call for the re-
serves scores of retired naval
officers are starting to posts
previously selected for them
to relieve every active officer
now on shore duty and whose
services can be spared. The
active men will go to the fleets
active and reserve and to mer
chant craft already surveyed
and listed and to be drafted
into the federal service.
In the war department fur-
ther moves toward mustering
a great army await action by
congress. Every preliminary
step already has been taken
however to carry out the
project of raising and train-
ing a million men in a year.
1'la.sh News Over World.
News that the war sfnfim hn.i i.
proclaimed by President Wilson was
1 "" lu ".v una navy posts and
ships thruout the world as soon as
U' ..WawreSolu""" was l"el "is
Hhlto House. Tho only other thing
that can be done nt the war depart-
ment without congressional action Is
to order the regular army expanded
to full wur strength.
In his statement President Wilson
formally set himself on record us sup-
porting the general staTf plans for
tho army In every detail. Including
the provision for selective draft to
obtain men. 1-iter in the .lav i-nnir.
man Ient of the house military com-
mittee called to see Secretary Baker
who will take tho staff plan and its
accompanying J3 000 000 000 budget
before the committee tomorrow.
The conference had to do with the
draft clauses of tho bill to which
cousioeraoie opposition is expected at
the capltol. Mr. Dent said nfterward
that he could not forecast the senti-
ment of rongress. but that he ner-
B'""lly was prepared to do alt in his
power to secure harmony of action
'tween congress und tho udnilnistra.
i have been opposed always to the
draft" ho said "or to conscription
systems for the army and think it
should t o involved only In Mme t(
actuul necessity or emergency. How-
ever I shall do what I can to keep
the administration and congress In
agreement on the question and to
avoid any conflict espcclully at the
Plans have been laid for calling the
entire general staff to Washington to
help In administration of the huge
tusk of army building before the d
CONUMED ON VACJ5 TWtl
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Lorton, Eugene. Tulsa Daily World (Tulsa, Okla.), Vol. 12, No. 198, Ed. 1 Saturday, April 7, 1917, newspaper, April 7, 1917; Tulsa, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc134344/m1/1/: accessed October 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.