The Oklahoma State Capital. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 17, No. 24, Ed. 1 Friday, May 19, 1905 Page: 1 of 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Teamsters and Employers
Further Apart Than Ever
He talks like a Bowery Bully
And Makes Bi^ Bluff
GOMPERS IS INOClOUSi
He Holds up his Hands in Mild
Dismay and then Canters aw-y
To Dayton Whence he Will j
Return Later to Vapor
Chicago, May is. -President Shea, of i
|i , rwuMitn' international UfUoptl
threw < old ■% iIit *>n ull !'« ; • ••
>no '-nellie. II- thrift red that he hart
,1Mi m . i • any form j
Jietween the Team Owncis association
unit th* Teamsters' t'nlon and that 1'
hail never H^ < ' tl t-" arbitrate the ques
FRIDAY MORN 1 Nu,
SI MBLK - I
GCTllIUK. DKI^IIO-VIA. MAY 1l'-'Uft
TO MARRY HERO OF SANTIAGO|Jj-j^y /\f(£ Q|\|
MORMON GIRL RARF VOCALIST
whether the teamster
ihliv ei to ho,.-1 otte I houfr.es.
The declaration of Shea ctme aw
Surprise lo till concerned as It was •
jlicitly stated I■ i.«i night and tod
inent. At th<
: If . Ill OW
. M u thci
ad math* s
time of 81i
< i ml «h i "I .tgi «- mI to.
I in not to .u-.'itratf it,.' question
of t'••••;. I ti! conduct fijeii husl-
| Mid Pr< Bid hi flhi .i "There
tvi:i bf no tiaclf-dooi settlynnt, win *i
1 :iin 1 >* ti' II 1 - "m<l onv out . n*J eyy
This declaration on «Jlhe i art of Shea
I w the whole pence move up In th*
r Members of Hi- T'lim Owner
#i • elation started out at once to find
Fhea and get sump idea of how and
•where tl> \ stood. How the report got
|><:irtod ti W ti.' . greed to arbitration
wn- n.-t • xi '.ti' • • 1 !•> 8h* a. but lie d* ■
1 led that H" ' I ever made hii*'!i an
«>gr* * nietit n« '.n il ■ no Mich propom-
ti<t: - ti e I'lleg. I arbitration by the
teamsters, President Shea calls the
ptor a subterfuge i.y the team own-
Japjneseand Russian tdp
itals in Hourly E xpectation
BOTH FLLEiS READY
Togo and Kojests-nskv Seem
Waiting for l ate to Join Them
SPECULATION IS LIVLLY
The Whereabouts oi ih'j Fleets,
Their Condition, and tile Slate
Of Their Admirrl-.' Health
All Subjects tor Conj.c
lure — Dan e So j:i
news the pop.d
ctlon In the near futu
I that Admiral Roj --t
Meet and now is iff ,
the MdcrMllVt. if hi
the opinion eif
may make a demonstvat:
Admit..! It.. l.stvei;
West Virginia Man tontes-
es liory Deeds ot Crime
Hi MURDERED LIVE
Besides being guilty of Num.
.... A1 FAULT
I That Tirtue Which '"Doth Mako
Cowards of us all" Attacked
Him and Forced from Him
a Confession of His
ChMtc w. Va., Mn< 1
to the poll. •• authorities
man -ignlng himself "A.
In a letter
f thin city a
The engagement of Miss Grizeida Hull to Captain Richmond P. Hobson has
been formally announced. Miss Hull is the daughter of George Houston Hull, who
is a very wealthy man Captain Hobson's bride to be is a member of the exclus-
ive Tux-do set and is I <flhly accomplished. She Is very pretty and a great favor-
ite In society. The wedding, owing to the recent death of Captain Hobion's
father, will be celebrated very quietly on May 25th ?t the Ik,*-.- of the bride# Miss
Hull comes of«the bluest blood in America, being descended from yie famous fam
ilics of Hull andvLawrence. *
y of the inlands
'scadores and then e
iroute for Vladivostok.
purely speculative. Every t
•nt!s upon Admiral Rojes: veusk
hlch an yet are undisclosed, i
iclude an extended HM southern
j It is reported that t'e contractors
: who supplied the cotl hi.! provisions to
Ad III i I I Ro j.«t v. i ■ • . '■ : I
waters approached the French culoniul
j nffh'ials prior to tlie arrival of t'e Rus-
i.in !'• • •.•; • II• • an 1 : ma-
i ti.m of lid- report t:
MISS LUCY GATES. ,
Miss Lucy Gates, who has made numerous hits in New York and abrood. has
returned to her ijome in the Rockies to spend her vacation Miss Gates Is the
daughter of Jacob F. Gates, who was a leader In the Mormon church She was
born in a little hamlet in the Red Mountains of Southern Utah. Miss Gate* had
studied for three years In a Berlin conservatory, when one day Prof. Schultx
heard her laughing and realized she had a remarkable voice. Through his advice
she dropped her piano study and .took up vocal lessons. After her vacation she
will'return to Berlin for two years to complete her course and then come out as
an opera singer.
day and review the labor situation. I a railroad ' i
Later President Rhea said n • < n
"We would he crazy to c.-pt , all ■; • \\ <
.such pcheme as proposed. We are not freight* itnd
through fighting- >et." I 0f shir
"Can Mr. Compere and Mr. I.e\ > j palgn. whei
Meyer Rettlc the .-Tike?" Mi Shea was j , w(||,
• I til,. . ?>• ,.f
."Mr. Gompers may bring us a propo-
sition from the riTpioyers" wa the
reply, '"if lm does we will consider It;
Employers' assoeia- just as W-' are always ready to do. Of
course any settlement would hinge on
how many men could be reinstated.'«
Dots tlfat mean that all striker--
• question whether I must he reinstated""
r. deliver goods", | have never said so." replied Mv
roposltion to arbl- Shea "The joint council will have to
t It ink. wtj all want I act on anything- that* is done."
have not received I - 1 ■■
'-00 on |
DILTIMi THE ShCRET
1'R KI'ETERMIN ATI(1N
still running this I
you think we are
*tiik ' he said.
troing to arbitratf
nV ii-it merchants
rJ'hat i- w 'It III
Irate me n - I o
1o go to jail '
eny notice <i* an : ii.itration proposal, j
3 h:t\e i.o riiriit to make ,, }, .m agre.-- !
in. r | as was jnirteiT fn the inohiin^l
jinpn-. The teamsters' ioiiii council I
Js here to dei uly su< h matters.
rot taken any such agreement ti)
1. am owners in. t.-lklng 1 great deal
Ijn 1 re meeting t- appoint their rep-
^-esei'tat i\e to fnc' on an arbitration
committee. They have to d'. something
|o Ui . p the Employer- ass", iatloti
Crowd off their n- i<
A J K...I a vrnnlmnl member ofI enCCS in Official Family
the teamsters' joint council conf!rued 1
President Shea's declaration that t.o .
agreement to arbitrate with the team'
* rwners had been m; iV
Like Mr. Shea. President Gompers
©f the Amet i- an IVdeiatlon of I^alHtr
frof.vsed todav 10 )..• surprisi-d to 1-. .ti!
Jn the napers ti* tin* t.amsters 1 1^
Dgreed to ar .it: r. on the team ovvnet
Uroposi; ion. I |e s iid: •
"I have made no proposition to arbi-
tral' this'strike 1 "^ouhl not if 1
cotdd and I could not if I would. All
I ill do is |.,n , the V IV if it is
; public utilities.
ent 1 ih
the doctrine of
Taft said that h<
mind about d« sii
"Jod help us In the next H
mi t!ie socialists and the demo-I Rerlln. May 18— The
I predetermination of si
| brought forward at
' gress. at Wiesbadt 11
of the cabinet I walback asserted that
two days taken eaten by the parent 1
with the pros!- in determining the s«
lit the policy ' lOxperlments with be< -
Taft. It has cattle show that If n
opposition in the carbonaceoas elei
id. nt's own official family Is | more male progeny i-
lore serious c.ov • rned over albuminous element r
v call the soci-jriistlc tendencies 1 are more females.
ift policy tluin over the nppnr- , ——
Washington, May 13.—Forecast:-
Oklahoma and Indian Territory—
Friday. showers and thunder-
t storms: Saturday. clear and
DlSfi'SSl" ? ♦ warmer.
\r that th
question of the
.•n nn been
lie medical COD*
).. Weill Of 8cli-
the - lass of foot!
ivs a grent r* le
: of the embryo
rabbits, pigs and
produced: i-f tiie
•7.' 73; losses
. .1 JIVML' M
President Discovers- Differ-
OfN CAINAL PURCH \SES
Objection Made 10 Buying Sup-
plies and Ships Outside of
United States-Taft l:inds
eitlenient must be
leers of two
linn and ti-'
tnent that h
cd to eff. ■ i .
• imstefs. And state-
be. 11 published thsSt
iridtration or attempt
ettlement is untrue
Wafliingttin. Ma 18—'T'lere is a se-
rious difference of opinion In the cabinet
respective . }n regard to the 1 .. 1 i.• v- of pm • 1 _r • ■ r>'• :
assoeia- | supplies for the Panama canal In otic i Hcrr lleinrich Coin
countries than the United Stites and Metropolitan opera Ih
the buying of steamships to operate in #er on tiie . te unship
connection with the Pa numa ra I ai. ' hn-wers. whose pres.
which is now the property of the uv r:" ,n ■' n'i
ernment. pose in going abrom
The disagreement came at the meeting fl,! ' a,"''"d corner in
of the enblnet today, and if the pp. -i German-..
dent was unaware of the strong r.--h
that exists aiiH.iiK members "f hi.- offi-
cial family on tiiis question. h< was
kept no longer in Ignorance of n. The
trouble began when Mr. Taft annonn. d
anal commissio:t w.ui'1 pi.r-
i iase materials for the enn il where
J>ave no authoritv to take such a
course. The best I can do is to work
for peace and try to bring the two op-
posing parties toother If I can find
r plan bv which 11 • - an nie t, then
they must p;'ss ti 1 own judgment on
whether that plan Is right or not.
•That Is the limit of my power here I
w ish to •inak" that v. ry plain I , • ' '
riot attempted to ir.terfere Willi tliej1'"11 ,h'
legal or official right of either
ployers or the unions involved in this lt ('on,d purchase ih'm cheapest, wheth-
Uglit I think I lav. t eeu ml'repn - p'" in this M.u'.trv or ! broad. nl th.it
Mnted a -- to that. . ThU statement two more steamers would be bought for
from me i« tinai. I am merely here en-' use on the run between New F6rk and
fieavoring to®find a way ' ting a'Miut Colon
peace and then to SUbml? that plan to | Tiie objections ra|se4 by so-n- of Ihe
the two organisat ms. I ,-xi e -t to me« t memb; r- •• ' • ' 1;I
Attorney Levy M iv er of the Emplov - ' entirely on the .!«-ire to protect Amer-
ers' Association so:- time today The i in nianuf.11 *.• ret- ind Amen • ship
hour and place I do net know, but I j owners * from foreign competition, hut
hid not ehnngi
abllty of hi
' chlnery end other mat^ i '!" <or the
i ciinal work where they could be bought
' to the best advantage or about the ne-
I eessity of buying ships forMh© trade
; h• • tw 1 *'fi New York and Colon, lie would I
• not discuss the political features of the I
' t Secretary and Insurance Com-
I the poll. * from any standpoint. '
rt)issioner Grimes CJives Data
FEAR CORNER ON HOPS
EIGHTEEN AMERICAN BRJSWlHtS
•S- IL FOR EL ROPE. BUSINtSS
N< w York, May IS -Carrying the lfirg- ! • ______
est number of eastbound saloon passen-
f-r vN"rtl1 "■■'««••> Insurance Companies are Doing
Lloyd Line. ih. i- 11m r Is • W-ihelm j ,, ^ , ...
II snlie.l from Hoboken today, her de-
parture being delayed for /nore than
1 an hour by the crowds that came to bid
ndien to h«r passengers and thronged!
jtiie hecks until the moment of sailing.!
■The • .ingestion wis so great as to call!
1 for * reserves from s-v.-ral police pre-' Wm. 'In 1
cinct- of Hoboken in order to pfeserve ; insuram
j his annua'. r
director of the I ing the b •
w is a passen- 1 insurance cm
were eighteen fng the past
"ii the same j number of t
that their pur- j business of t
as to offset a J jnsnrnin ( ,•
hop market In
a Very Satisfactory Business
And are in Solid
collected In premiums. >tn
paid. $15.827.2.'^; losses Incur
Eight health insurance ct
leeted $3,467.fij In premiums.
losses, and incurred losses
12. W i. 37.
The sum of .S8.47ft.tM was colle
premiums hv five burglary In;
companies, w hich paid >4.1:', '. s;, |os:
total amount incuired.
There were |lf Insurance
panics, collecting premiums am
to $7«*.7£t.71; risks written. $!♦.«
losses paid. losse« 4
Thirty-three fraternal insurance . om
panics issued ^ Cl certificates during th«
year, number in force on December 31
1M4, whs 28.083; ivimber of assessment!
collected during the year was 22ft
There were two domestic frat rna
companies operating, issuing 1W eertl
flcates d'l> , •: ■ . • *<1 itiK 1
,-force on D-H-ernbej -•••. as-* s-me it
collected during the year.
There were three state mutual insur-
ance companies doing business in th.
territory The state M n ii company
of Oklahoma Cltv had 2#i ha 17 losses. -
fire losses and .12 tornado losses, pay-
ing losses amounting to $ ; W7J: Income
for the year $94.440.7ft. The Oklahoma
Farmers' Mutu'il company I'* 1 .. pai>i
hail losses amounting to $1.^7 *r,s; rec •
ed daring the year a total or f7 143 97. Th*
Farmers Mutual IndemniA association
of Bl Bena p«i-t st 70S SO • 1 tsteg and j
$2.««.f^5 half losses; rec. ived during ye ir 1
PREACHERS AT OUTS i
Properties of "Bell" Cotp
pany Traded •r*".
II) PIONEER COV1PANV
Action Decided Ai Meeting oi j
Stockholders lie.d at Kansas i
City—Will Operate in Kan- j
sas and Missouri Only
f : umors 1 hat tlie Ml ■ -*mri
- I'elephVme 1 ompany, And the
Pioneer company would consolidate in
1 e let rltoi y ajid that the MiSHoarl, Kan-
s.is .in<i Telephone cotnpanj would leave
the territory, is now verified by a stat*--
ment, appearing in the Kansas City
Journal, <s follows:
A special meeting of the stockholders
of tiie Missouri and Kansas Telephone
company w is held yesterday In the officv
of President C S Heed. TTie objects
of the meeting were to change the char-
ter so additional directors could be elect-
ed and to exchange certain telephone
property in Oklahoma and Indian Ter-
rltorj ' * telephone property In Kan-
sas The Pioneer Telephone #and Tele-
graph company of Oklahoma and Indian
Territory owned some telephone proper-
ty in K;0isas. and this wax exchanged
for property In Oklahom 1 and Indian
Terrltor.v owned bv the Missouri and
denial of nay
Ehret. J. C. .«
I his 1
In their ijn
Adolphus Busch Oeorge
>gel. representative of the
sts in this cltv: Mr. Rei-
Ijouis. Simon I'hlman,
"Hop King " and Henry
lent of the Rrrwers' Assn.
Th**;- admitted that there w.-c- a corner
in the hop market in the German empire,
hut ^l*cl;ir« d 11.. 11 ' 'a • -vvrries of this
! country had • ' : ->f h**r *
•port Mr. (
ws the co 1
collected of tlie
In this territor;
1903. 52. J per <
During the j
ses to 8.433 r(
sura nee compai
57 operating in
mi* s transacting busi- '
1,1 for the year ISM. Ill j
\ * i >. satlsfa tory and
panies In 1 prosperous
.-- to papmiumi
lii" insurance comptnles i
in ard fii Iflf't. 40.6 per
ar Issued agents' lleen-
re.sentat'vea of fir* in
• - of which there were
Oklahoma. Thee n -
^CCT'SATION OF CRIMINAL LIBEL
Alhanv. Mo.. May IS Th*- charge of
criminal Hi-I i.r<mgi.i :.-a.i - t ti..- Rev
John T. Mason, former Biptist minister
here, who wa-- indicted at Sprlngfleid.
I:: . at the Inatigation of Lorens D
1. • • ■ ■ *
.- ;i>d n 11.' tiling "i . 011 1. k.
bj Mason antLthe tndlctraent *>f Lamp-
allacKipg a Won.a: -T ring
revival s* r\ i< e# here last Julv.
It was his writings regarding I imp
am to hear from him as to that g!so or. 1 i*> fact - the l.
Mr. (lomp'.i - - dd lie won. I leave tc-; the administration would I pit
pight for Dayton. Ohio, where eomej to the bands o>f detnocrete at^ *
labor matters demand Ills attention and by following o t the Taft p. !
that he will retain to t'hi ag*> *'.1 her i opposition was t.-rs. « -xpr-s-< .
8aturday night *■:• Sunda: He ••*- . nf tl!P highest "fTi. i* • of t •
peet- to m- -t i •■pr*-.c ,i;T . • -- •• j ment i<*d.iv In the rcna i. If • - gov- I and wl ■ • :••*!.-
the Cliicago labor organiiations 8t*n- f «rnment is going to operate not Only I With his HollneM.
and sai'l that ti * " trip abroad together j 1 :: '
was quite an accident I °f $308
The Baron*-- - v . t'.a t .!■ liien. Haron<-ss total anioi
Von Liebig and Raroi ipd Baroness de 1 Ther> w
Fervnn were als>* pis-' tigers. 11« was the' companies
• t liat ]>ev erend M>
k inv* in- | i-enta of tiie 8t Francis
" ia'is's , „ rnute from St. Lo - t
The i.inual pilgi image
by one I Right Reverned l>>onold L
govern- | I,eon. Mexico, salted upon
total of s.!l ' I : -
1 |oss 1 to th tot a i amount
ind incurred losses to the
t Of $423.91,
e six plate Klass insurance
peratlng in the territory col-
- *:.. In*-. b-"lii'J 1 *• ■ 'Of *ting *'■ ■
Order who Ik j paying losses* amounting to U.419. .nd
. Ron'. an Incii;' -• * ••ntlng to f t
Pontiff The | Four steam bob-t#ins*rance companies
-*-. Bishop of did business in ttie territory wKth pre-
1 like mission. | miums coHeeted amounting to $8,238..V:
V>; Josses Incurred. $42-50
nt insurance companies
. ha- e a conference. J |..s-. s paid
a Eleven a
the revival and other alleged Ii ienti
oi" . n n ti. th it r* ■*• : * ■ d
i it diptment o*f Mason.
The sheriff went to K ins is '"itv Sat
nrday to arrest I^impkln. but • • 11 Id not
: tlnd him The evangelist give 1 i'tis* If
: up yesterday and was admitted 1 > >• *i 1
The case will come up in 8cptemh**r.
An Honorable Discharge.
i adjutant General Burllnyame yrsterda'
i«sued an order honorably discharging
fi^Yn the military service Jn the territory
! Private w. B. Chin* Of ' K it Ef I.
f. ■ 1 he re.*, son 1 a ■ *
re • b #e.
If! Oleed there Were present .Frederick
P. Plesi f .4 - I •• . Am-
e 1. an Teh-phone and Teh-graph coin-
oanj. ■' I-. 1 ost o4 1 (ma1 1 prealdi 1 if
the ,\. .1 iska TelejAone company) Eu-
gene F. Ware, of Topeka. E I> Nims.
j>|-. sident of the Pioneer Teleolione and
Telegraph company, and *omo Kansas
City stockholders.* .
This change will eft, t . majority of
t . town- ot Oklahoma and Indian Ter-
ritory. I - matter hn- '- e'i t liked *f
for some time nothing definite had been
done. Many of the majors and councils
of oklahoina towns a signified their
Intention ti taking a Hon to |«ttlwin
consolidated, in order to Improve, th"
system. The Bell Teler.hon" company
'0|.iv -4 ' '"I" rt.-s !• the two
I rrltorie-. * *'-*! turned
over to 'ie Plot,* * company. Who will
operate it In the f..ture. #
Kingflslier sr.: ' II ^ Tlndall of
Guthrie, was In town this week inter-
viewing a few of the v9ers Mr. Tlndall
is in experienced newspaper writer anjJ
si present Is compounding a book -for the
St ' 0 led \1 1 • ■ t - f f 1 Ik I I-
Ht«m.t TI ok will be pnhllsheil in
aT.out two months.
claiming to be a partner of Henry Wil-
liams who w is recently executed In
Roanoke. Virginia Iris confessed tv
five murders and numerous robberies.
His reasons for writing ai* tliat other
ine-n have suffered for his crlim and
his conscience troubles him. T^e dates
and manner In which the different
► crlfhcs were committed tis furnished in
-lohnsoi - letter ai. mure complete than
the police records, and the authorities
believe Its authenticity.
According to Johnson lie killed a wo-
man nt Chester. W. Va . two Italians a*
Unlontown. Pa . a man at Hyudman. an«
a woman it Martin's Ferry. Ohio. 11<
also claims to have assaulted 1 wom.it
at Sthunton. Va.. for whT II crime, lit
says, another man w.i- lynched.
WARM DRY Wfr.ATHhR
| THIS IS BADLY N EE I E< IN AR-
K A NSASf,
Little Rock. Ark , May 18-Todny s 'id-
v Ices Indic-jte that the ruin has ceascd
In tills state. Tiie following bulletin
was 1-sued today hv the weather bu-
"The first rvf th< week was favorable
for farm, operations, hut heavy and In
man} <cin,n excessive iiiins the latter
part put a stop to farm work Cropa
are generally needing cultivation and
would be greatly benefitted bv warm,
drv weather. Some cottOh was planted,
hut there js much of this work to he
don Tli* early planted is generally
up to a fair stand and some lias been
worked out. In a few isolated localities
chopping has begun ' •
"Corn is n t all planted, but the early
planted tv generally up to a good stand
and considerable has been plowed for
th. (list time, hut In many seetlems the
crop is in need of cultivation. Oats'
wheat and potatoes are gerwfrallv doing
well There Is still some complaint o<
apples dropping However, the prospects
continue good for this fruit. Pearbes
at generally doing well. Pastures are
ex . Kent and stock is in good coitdl-
THOUSAND FOR A KISS
VERDICT AWARDED W>R FAILITtB
TO DELIVER TELEGRAM
New Orleans. May IH Because a mes-
sage - ailing him to the bedside of his
dv 1: mother was not delievered to him,
H I White has been awarded damages
f ; $lfl."ifl against Ihe Western t'nlon
rmai 1 <'0 White originally sued for
j In ih . state court, but the amount
w; 1 e.in. .-d Ti.e company c .-:tended
t lint White suffered no financial loss
When he di<l not ;-.e I i- aged mother
before she expired, but he eel up th#
1 1. a that 1 • diwippointrneiit lie -nffei.-d
entitled iilm to tiie amount, us* lie was
anxious to ki - her good-by before she
died. In awarding the Judgment the
court decided that the company was ob-
. Kate.I to •delievei tin message, afid
whet it failed it subjected Itself lo dam-
FOR UNRtyUIFfcl) LOVE
BI"81 NESS MAN 8CICIDE& BECAl'SB
GIRL IX)VED ACTOR
.Augusta, M* . May ly Maim l-'uii*r.
a prominent young business u.. << and
connecte«l with one of tin bailing fam-
ilies. committed suicide from • oat in
i.ake Oobboeeecont * 1 - M., Wtilte,
a. t ra • iicg rn.iti a fid i f ' ' ' Tison
w* • • . . rnpa' '"i. - « " '• •'"d
liat a White midi 1 1 ■ 'w«e#pre-
paring to pull In .the big fish. Puller.
Without a moment s warning suddenly
jumped *,p iu one end of the boat US
, x. med ' \"bo.p loves me! and then
; • -. - .1 heading Into the v.-,.. ami he-
f. if assistance could reach him was
drowned He was about 12 years of ago.
Fuller f .is the rejected suitor of u Miss
Louise Twltchell « f Bath who some time
ag.* euddenl) took e fancj to an w r
it, • -to. k • >mj *• v that wad v-Uiylug :n
her town and married htm. ^ .
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
Greer, Frank H. The Oklahoma State Capital. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 17, No. 24, Ed. 1 Friday, May 19, 1905, newspaper, May 19, 1905; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc125892/m1/1/: accessed October 20, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.