The Peoples Voice. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 39, Ed. 1 Friday, April 24, 1896 Page: 3 of 8
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THE SILVER QUESTION
INVASION OF THE UNITED
STATES BY THE ASIATICS.
WHAT THE GOLD STANDARD WILL FINALLY BRINO U3 TO,
flow They Exchange the Produeli of
Their Labor for Oar Gold, Which They
In Tarn Exchange for Silver to Hire
Cheap I.abor to Compete with Oar*.
mm%\nrn\ I II mwp WjPPHIW *■ 1 " "TO!'■
12- U L i2 ir K .il K- r 1= i B l£ ;
•By Joseph K. Clark. Butte. Montana.)
The question that seema most to
bother the Americans In regard to tho
ChlneBo-Japancse situation, la whether
our brothers of the Orient ore our
financial superiors or not. and. aa they
appear to have the best of the matter.,
at present, to an unprejudiced observ-
er, It would seem that aa they know
when they have a good thing and then
mako the best of It, they, at least, are
the financial superiors of those anti-
quated minds that see nothing but
financial dlBastera in bl-metalllsm.
If the recent treaty between those
nations Is carried out In the spirit ns
well as the letter, and to the adaptl-
billty of the Chinese Is ndded the In-
genuity of the Japanese, their progress
during the twentieth century would be
The Chinese, since the time of Con
fucius, seem to havo done nothing but
adhere to ancient customs; the Japan-
ese, on the other hand, are a people of
progress, and during recent years have
made gigantic strides in nil the arts
and sciences and in commerce.
The first cotton spinning factory In
Japan was established at Kaglshlma
more than forty years ago, by Shemazu
Harlhlsa, the greatest feudal prince of
For nearly twenty years this was
the only factory of the kind In the
country, but in 1867 the people began
to wake up and since then so many
other factories havo been established
that there are now 5S0.5G4 spindles in
operation, which, taken with those
now In process of construction, will
make the total number of spindles
nearly one million.
One of the articles in the Japanese-
Chinese treaty that will be most Im-
portant to the development of the
Chinese, and Important to tho world of
commerce reads as follows:
"Japanese subjects shall be free to
engage in all kinds of manufacturing
Industries In all the open cities, towna
and ports of China, and shall be at
liberty to Import Into China all kinds
of machinery, paying only the stipu-
lated Import dutios thereon."
At first, with but a casual thought,
It would seem that this article opens
up before Americans visions of great
prosperity; that soon the United States
would soon wrest from England the
supremacy in tho oriental trade.
All this would happen and more, If
advantage were taken of the treaty
(for the Japanese look upon us as
their best friends), and if we were not
brought Into direct labor competition
While we may be slightly benefited
tor the time, as it Is, still, they are
rivals to be feared, not despised or
hoked down upon, and the treaty vir-
tually makes China and Japan one na-
tion, wltb a population of 600,000,000
For labor they pay about 17 cpnts
per day In gold to men and 11 cents
They are the greatest Imitators in
the world, and as they have no patent
laws by which foreigners may be pro-
tected, they seize upon every useful
patent and with their cheap labor turn
out products for a net cost that would
make Americans open their eyes wide
A recent article In the "Inventive
Age" has the following paragraph;
"One of the subjects for our states-
men in the near future will be: 'How
best can we protect the American man-
ufacturers and the American laborers
from the imitative genius, piracy and
cheap labor of Japan, not alone in cot-
ton and cotton goods, but In tho man-
ufacture of everything the arts pro-
Thirty-five years ago the Japanese
might have been classed as barbari-
ans, and they were divided into many
factions. They had a civil war and
the victorious party proclaimed the
present reigning sovereign "mikado of
the Japanese empire." He was but
seventeen years of age, but had been
educated in the United States and had
acquired many American ways and
modes of thought.
Under his enlightened rule a great
social revolution took place. Edicts
were promulgated tolerating Chris-
tianity and permitting Buddhist
priests to marry nuns.
It is claimed by some people that
the marriage of this multitude of Bud-
dhist priests accounts, in a great de-
gree, for the intelligence the Japanese
display to-day as a nation, for the
priests were the educated men of the
In 1871 a board of education was
formed and a year later a college with
a staff of European professors was es-
tablished and largely patronized.
As their chief intercourse was with
the United States, England and France
the study of the languages of those na-
tions was Insisted upon, and the adop-
tion ot all mechanical appliances that
could promote the arts and sciences
At this time one railroad was in op-
eration, with others in process of con-
struction. Now their railway system
comperes favorably with those of the
In 1870 a national mint was estab-
lished at Osaka, the machinery being
imported from England. In this year
they issued their first coin made in
their own mints. Heretofore It had
been coined In other countries, but
used as national coin.
The Japanese came from a mongrel
Tartar source, and their origin dates
Car back into antiquity. The national
After This date.
'NO MONEY w-.1l
"be IN CIRCULATION
11 be issued
TO L fl B 0 R , for
By order of
PLUTO CR/1T THE 1-
TO THE TEMPLE
■ -.i '
—From The National Bimetalllst
religion Is Bhuddism, but sanction was
given to the worship in the old faith,
Sin Fin, or Faith in God1"..
The Chinese have historical legends
that antedate the flood mentioned in
the Bible, and have a history that
reaches back farther than any other na-
tion now in existence.
The wonders of the Empire caused
the discovery of this continent, for
Columbus had in hli miad as much the
discovery of a short route to Cathay,
as he had the desire to prove the cor-
rectness of hU theory that the world
If It had not been for his vivid and
glowing descriptions of the riches and
marvels of this country, Isabella and
Ferdinand probably never would have
listened to his pleadings, and have sup-
plied him with vessels, and men, and
money to make the trial.
Later a famous traveler, Sir John
De Mandeville. returned home with
glowing accounts of the country, and
with grange tales of the queer people
Their first porcelain furnace was set
up in the seventh century in the prov-
ince of Klangsl, but the celebrated
furnaces of Klntl Chin were not es-
tablished until almost two hundred
They now have over five hundred
porcelain furnaces in operation, which
supply nearly the whole world in porce-
lain ware. In the matter of baking tho
I have thus briefly outlined the
present condition of China, simply to
direct your attention to what we may
expect in the near future, when the
well paid labor of America will be
brought into direct competition with
the pauper labor of China and Japan.
There is only one logical conclusion
to come to if our legislators do not
take some active steps towards pre-
venting such competition—the wages
of American labor will drop.
The gold bugs have always been vic-
You ask, "Why?" "Because tho
masses do not understand the financial
question?" This is true only In part.
The main reason is that the gold bugs
have bought both Judge and Jury. Is
it any wonder that they are awarded
Three-fourths of the people of the
United States are in favor of free coin-
age on a basis of 16 to 1 and have cast
their votes to that effect, electing on a
silver platform men who, when elect-
ed, repudiated their promises and de-
ceived the people, supporting gold bug
theories regardless of the suffering and
misery their actions brought upon the
people who elected them.
The time has come when the masses
must malte the great effort of their
lives to gain recognition. In the elec-
tions of 1896, the silver question will
be (he axis upon which all others re-
volve; so prepare to make the fight of
. your lives. Cast aside all party aflilia-
porcelain, no other country has ever tjons jf y0U cannot get an honest
excelled them, one single piece passing j man nominateij jn your own party, vote
through forty hands before it is deemed j jQr any honest man, regardless of par-
finished. j ty> be sure that ho is honest.
Tho date or the origin of the manu- Remember that the gold-bugs are
facture of sills in China is lost in the \ preparing for the greatest fight they
mists of remote antiquity. From the j have over had; they realize their
Chinese the Persians acquired the art; I jeopardy and that the people have be-
from the Persians the Greeks learned | come determined to be heard and so
It, while it is not known whether the
Romans had it from the Greeks or
through some intercourse their sea cap-
tains had with the Chinese themselves.
They excel In the manufacture of
damasks and flowered satins and in
are making strenuous efforts to pro-
vide against defeat.
Thi3 is not a political fight. It Is a
battle with the pluotcrats of London
and their agents in the United States
on one side and the people on the other.
their simple hand looms can reproduce j The people must win, for if they lose,
the most intricate of French and Eng- I the cause of the people—free silver—
lish patterns. China Crepe has never [ will be retarded for years.
been imitated successfully. I Nominate, regardless of party, an
In the tenth century they had in- | honest man. One who will boldly and
vented printing nachines and were ] at all times support free silver, and
proficient in tho manufacture of the after nominating, elect him, and the
Their most elaborate works are the
Imperial Canal and the Great Wall.
The latter was built about 200 B. C.
and extends west from Pekin along the
entire northern frontier for a distance
of over 1,500 miles, over rivers and
across mountains and plains. It was
from 15 to 30 fee* in height, and 25
cause is won.
Beware of bankers! They are false
prophets and nine-tenths of them are
auxiliaries of the gold bugs in London.
They are gold bugs themselves for
purely mercenary reasons. With gold
mono-metallism they can retain their
high rates of interest.
What does it matter to them that
for the Chinese, at this time were build-
ing the Imperial Canal, and in India
gorgeous and magnificent temples were
Are we going to follow this example?
Are we going to furnish money, depre-
ciated in our own country, but to other
nations worth its own value, that they
may beautify and make rich their own
lands while paupering us?
At this time the Roman Empire must
have had men who well might have
been named Sherman, Carlisle and
Cleveland, who acted as emissaries to
India and China and made the Roman
masses believe that silver was worth-
less and so demonetized It.
The monled people of India and
China at that time, probably, were as
ready to buy It at flfty cents on the
dollar as their descendants are ready
to bay it of us, and we are not sure
that they even paid that much.
But, however, they lost their mon-
ey, their trade, their power; for when
a nation or individual loses money,
credit goes with it and with the credit
goes trade and power.
To this loss of money and power may
be accredited their decline in civiliza-
tion, their decrease in population and
commerce and the disappearance of
their freedom. History records noth-
ing to show the cause of this deplorable
result except the shrinkage of bimetal-
History repeats itself, and if we, the
people of the United States, cannot re-
talnb imetallic money, we will follow
in the footsteps of the Roman Empire.
We alone are not suffering from the
demonetization of silver; the peasan-
try of all gold standard countries are
sharing the disastrous results with us.
In the statistics compiled by Arch-
bishop Walsh of Ireland it is shown
that prior to 1873 the exports of yarn
from India to China and Japan alone
were practically nothing. In 1873 oc-
curred the demonetization of silver.
What effect that had upon the industry
may be seen from the following table:
In 1874 $ 1,000,000
feet at the base, while the top was 15 you lose your farm or your home; that
feet in breadth, or wide enough for
six men to ride horse back abreast.
The Imperial Canal is one of the
greatest works of its kind in the world
and flows from Pekin to Canton, a
distance of 1,200 miles. This great
work was constructed in the thirteenth
century and runs through a most fer-
tile country, "where every variety of
vegetable life may be grown on account
of the diversified climate.
Thus, centuries before we became a
nation, China had progressed in art
and manufacture, and although they
have been isolated to a great extent
from the rest of the world, thereby
being unable to profit by the develop-
ments of civilization, with the Japa-
nese to teach and aid them, they will
be able soon to mako anything that can
be manufactured in any other place in
They produce the raw material In
their own land and sell the manufact-
ured article for gold in a gold standnxd
the laborers on railways, in fields or in
factories, have to work for a few cents
a day to compete with the cheap la-
bor of China and Japan—they get their
Interest Just the same.
Every one that can read should study
the financial question and prepare him-
self to cast his vote for an honest, true
man, who will at all times and in all
places work for the good of the coun-
try and the good of the people.
What little gold there is is controlled
by, comparatively, a very few men, or
locked up in vaults by the hundreds of
At the beginning of the Christian era
the Roman Empire had 1,800,000,000 of
metallic money. At the end of tho fif-
teenth century they had less than
$200,000,000. India and China then
were in the height of their glory and
splendor and the inference is that much
of the money that disappeared found its
way into the coffers of the wealthy In-
dian and Chinese nabobs.
In these countries gold was needed,
In 1875 5,000,000
In 1880 25,000,000
In 1885 75,000,000
In 18fc9 127,000,000
In 1891 165,000,000
England had this trade until silver
was demonetized in 1873, when she lost
it, and while losing this she lost in
nearly every other branch ot commerce
in proportion. It is only a question
of time when all her spindles and looms
will be silenced.
What has been said of England may
be said also of the United States or any
other gold standard country, unless bi-
metallism be adopted.
Demonetization of silver is responsi-
ble for this loss of prestige.
It is easily enough seen why silver
standard countries prefer to trade with
one another; and when silver is de-
monetized by any nation that nation
immediately begins to lose her trade.
To cite a suppositious case that may
be made applicable to ourselves. Sup-
pose we were to have our gold dis-
counted at tho rate of 100 per cent by
the silver standard countries. Would
we not at once seek some gold-standard
nation with whom we might trade, that
our gold might be taken at par? Re-
verse the case, and the present situa-
tion Is explained.
As I have said, they sell the manu-
factured article in a gold standard
country for gold, and for gold alone.
They take away nothing but gold.
This is one reason, and a potent one,
why gold Is disappearing from the
United States. This gold is shipped to
London and is changed for fifty cents
on the dollar for bar silver, which is
taken to Ctica and Japan, coined and
put la otroulaHoa among their own
people, where, at Ha colnad value, It
la aa good ai told, and hat the lama
The gold thtn goea Into the vaulti
of London only to come back to the
United States to purchase our bondB at
a high rate ot interest. The London
bankers take In exchange our Oliver at
flfty centa on the dollar, they having
contracted far into the future at that
price, knowing that the production of
silver is running short.
It may readily be aecn why nntlona
having a silver standard do not care
to Join the gold standard nations In
At present they make a profit of 100
*>er cent upon every dollar's worth of
gold they exchange, but If they Joined
In International bimetallism, they
would bo compelled to take In ex-
change for their manufactured articles
our silver on a parity with gold, thero-
by depriving themselves of the hand-
some profit they are In the habit of re-
alizing. for they would havo to pay for
our silver 12D 29-100 per ounce. This
would leavo the gold In our country
and thero would no longer he com-
plaints of a depleted treasury and a
diminished gold reserve fund, nnd no
need of further Issues of government
Then, too, they would purchase our
raw material, for there would be no
discount on their silver money; but at
present, ns we will pay only fifty centa
on the dollar for ihelr silver, they will
not buy of us, t referring, naturally, to
deal with some silver standard country
where their silver Is taken at par.
This proposition appears to me so
simple, so plain, so capable of but one
solution that It Is a matter of wonder-
ment to tne that our so-called states-
men and financiers should hesitate
concerning the course to pursue.
If this condition of affairs Is to con-
tinue; if our silver Is to be used In this
manner; if we have to compete with
the cheap labor of China and Japan,
what Is to becomo of our laboring
class, of our farmers, of nil our In-
A friend of mine who has a large
vineyard In California, says that In
consequence of the continued hard
times it did not pay him Inst year to
pick the grapes, nnd that rather thau
see them rot on the ground ho fed them
to hogs. He also said that If the pros-
pects were no better this year he would
mako no attempt to cultivate his vine-
yard. but would allow it to run to
Buyers of wheat last fall sought In
vain for the cause of the unprecedented
and continued low prices of all cere-
nls. The visible supply warranted
higher prices, but Instead of going
higher the price continued to decline.
The same cause that affects our de-
pleted treasury and our reduced gold
reserve fund, also affects the prlce'of
all our Industries, the price ot wheat,
the price of cotton, the price of every-
thing that Is produced in the United
There Is only one remedy for all this
and the sooner it Is applied the better
it will be for all classes of people in
the country, and that remedy is bimet-
The causa of the trouble is the de-
monetization of silver, which occurred
in 1873, and the deleterious results
have come upon us so gradually that
we have lost sight of the cause in the
When the people realize that the de-
monetization of silver is the real cause
of the hard times, they will demand,
with their votes, the free coinage of
silver on a basis of 16 to 1, and when
that time comes, as come it must, then
will the tide of depression turn and
flow in the direction of prosperity.
I predict that the time has come-
that in this year of 1896—bimetallism
will become a law, the only drawback
being that for the past twenty years
the gold bugs have had control of the
press and the press has made the
masses believe that silver is worthless,
and that nothing but gold is money.
I have too much faith In the intel-
ligence of the masses to think that
they will believe longer in tho gold-
bug theory, and if it does not come
this year, then in 1900 will they pro-
claim their Independence of thought
and demand bimetallism, but failure
this year means four more years of
hard times and low wages.
When the people come to understand
that there is not one-fourth enough
gold in the world to supply them with
money, then will they rise up in their
might, overthrow the single gold
standard and place sliver where it be-
longs as the people's money.
The silver cause has been discussed
for twenty-three long years. During
this time we have had great panics and
great strikes, tramps have overrun the
country, and the Coxey army made
march on Washington.
Silver has been championed and de-
fended, not only in the United States,
but In England, by the most emi-
nent lawyers and statesmen, but up
to the present time has been defeated
In every trial.
We, the users of gold, as a minority
of one-fourth of the people of the
world, can never control the majority
of three-fourths, who use silver, and
the sooner we succumb to the Inevita-
ble the sooner will we become prosper-
The people's money it has been from
all time, and the people's money it
should be for all time to come.
POPULISM MEANS IT.
THREE VITAL QUESTIONS THAT
Congress appears determined to di-
vert the minds of the people—even if it
has to run a bluff on every nation ot
If the "Judas from Kentucky" is tho
Democratic nominee for president
there is a bushel of fun ahead.
The Silver Knight says the Populists
ought to make their own platform and
make it to suit themselves.
On The!* Propel Holutlun Dcpen'lt the
Perpetuity of (We Nation—The Popa-
|Ut Party the tluty Party That Htan<li
for the l)e t lutcrcftta of All th« People*
Many unthinking persons have btfl
little Idea cf the true meaning and ob-
jects of Populism. There are three vi«
tal questions, upon the correct solu-
tion of which depends the perpetnatica
of tho cation, the security of our insti-
tutions and the happiness of our peo-
ple. These are money, land and trano-
Only one of tho three Great national
parties have taken a decided, poalthe
stand upon theao three burning, living
Issues, and that one Is the People's
party, Now for the benefit and in-
struction of those who seek for knowl-
edge, tho unthinking, and even tho
prejudiced, wo will enumerate Bomo of
the objects of this rising young giant,
the now party of the -great plain peo-
Populism means (he complete anni-
hilation of tho Interest bearing bond
system, whether national, Rtate, coun-
ty, municipal, township or school.
Populism means that wealth, which
demands the grenter protection, shall
bear tho greater burden of taxation, In-
stead of compelling tho poor man to
pay all the taxes and exempting the
Populism means equality beforo tho
law, protection to voters, and honest
elections, it means fair, but modcrato
salaries, fidelity to trust, and disfran-
chisement for malfeasance In office.
Populism means that every man and
woman who desires to work shall havo
tho opportunity of doing so, and at
fair living wages, according to ability.
It means that no one man, corporation
or company of men shall be permitted
by class laws to accumulate such vast
wealth at the expense of those who toil
Incessantly for a mere subsistence.
Populism means tho repeal of tho na-
tional bank act, nnd the issue by tho
general government, on Its own credit,
the credit of tho whole people, of all
It means that the volume of currency
shall be limited to so much per capita,
and shall be increased only as the pop-
ulation and business Increases.
Populism means a postal savings
bank, and tho closing forever of these
present swindling concerns called state
and national banks.
Populism means the restoration ot
our convenient fractional paper cur-
rency, out of which wo wero meanly
swindled by our modern financial
Populism means absolute death to
the bank system ot inflation nnd con-
traction, so long practiced, to the dis-
turbance and ruin of business, and
starvation of the laboring people.
It means such an adjustment of our
financial systems as will make a gen-
eral panic Impossible.
Populism means that no alien shall
own land in the United States. It
means that no landed monopoly or sys-
tem of tenantry, serfdom such as ex-
ists abroad, shall exist In the United
States, but that there shall" be a limited
ownership of land.
Populism means protection to labor
as well as capital, In our home indus-
tries, and that none but American citi-
zens shall be employed in our manu-
Populism means the government e.on-
trol of railroads, telegraphs and tele-
phones, and no more giving of subsi-
dies, lands, or special privileges, or
franchises, to grasping individuals or
It means a vigorous prosecution of
public improvements, as roads, canals,
etc., but in no case to create an Inter-
est bonded debt, to lend its credit, or
to enter into partnership with any In-
dividual for such purposes.
Populism means simple laws, and ar-
bitration to he substituted as far aa
practical for our expensive courts.
It means that every citizen 13 a sol-
dier, ready at call to defend his coun-
try's flag. A large standing army and
an expensive navy belong more to a
monarchy than to a republic, to Pa-
ganism rather than to Christianity.—-
Reformer, Walla Walla, Wash.
Will Not Auk t'«.
When the silver men come to us, it
they do come, they will not ask us to
trim our platform to the extent ot dis-
couraging those who think so much of
government banks, loans and railroads.
They will want to win; will want us to
hold all our forces and gain more. The
trimming proposition comes from our
good friends who are getting impatient
at the delay of the silver men in leav-
ing their old parties, and who honestly
believe that if we cut out everything
except what the silver party has in its
platform, there will be a grand rush
in and no rSsh out, notwithstanding
they must see that so far there is no
rush into the silver party, now a year
old. Colorado, Idaho and Neveda came
to us in the twinkling of an eye—came
to us while we were on our broad Omaha
platform, and it will be so with the sil-
ver men elsewhere.—llo. World.
Send Him Paper*.
The National Reform Press associa-
tion, having elected Gen. Paul Van Dsr-
roor't president of that body, he re-
quests that all members of .the associa-
tion and others that are fn the news-
paper reform work send him their
papers, especially during the campaign.
No man in the movement has made
greater sacrifices during the last four
ears than Gen. Van Dervoort, and we
urge all reform editors to comply with
his request. Populist papers please
copy. W. S. MORGAN,
Editor Populist Ready Prints.
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Allan, John S. The Peoples Voice. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 39, Ed. 1 Friday, April 24, 1896, newspaper, April 24, 1896; Norman, Oklahoma Territory. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc116838/m1/3/: accessed February 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.