The Peoples Voice. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 21, Ed. 1 Friday, December 20, 1895 Page: 3 of 8
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Up, up from the world, ncath the Judean sky,
Orion nscendnnt and Slrius nidi;
While Bethlehem's sleeping, tlie sliQphord's clear eye
Between big dear flock uud the worlds hung on high
Alternates. Hark! Seo yel In noonday's bright glare
The midnight stars quenched. A voice thrills the air
That ear never heard! and dazzled the sight!
In questioning wonder they swoon from affright.
Tho voice l« God's angel, His glory the light.
That, balls thorn; this, scatters the shadows of night.
Fear not! for to you the c'ad tidings I bring;
The Christ child, the Prince of Peace, Savior and King,
iB come. He is cradled with beasts of the stall,
tlse, seek Him, and crown Hlrn the Monarch of oil.
A host of winged seraphs with harps In their hands
Blng "Gloria Exeelsls" above the sliy lambs.
Bo long as the earth and the skies shall remain,
Chant ever sweet seraphs the guiding refrain;
"Bo peace to the faithful 'mong children of men.
To God give tho glory, forever. Amen."
To Bethlehem dreaming, His word He fulfills;
fler lids feel the light that emblazons the hills;
Her ears list the music that faithful hearts thrill;
Sweet peace on our Journey to men of good will.
Awake, elumb'ring city! All real thy dreams,
With fulness of season the prophecy teems.
This night, In a manger; O! blest Bethlehem!
Is laid Him you wait for, the Savior of men.
Anon from the East wends a radiant light;
At noonday a white sun, a red suu by night;
A light to the Gentiles—the wise men it led—
Their guide to the Infant Redeemer's low bed.
I,ook up, honored city; to heaven hold thy hands!
There, simllls gemmae In coelo, It stands.
Cease wond'ring. and haste thee! At David's north gate
Bedecked and gift-laden, their weary beasts wait.
With drops of myrrh, incense and treasure they come
To worship the new-born—the "God in the Son."
The cross in the distance! '"Tis finished! 'Tis done!"
The prostrate, the weary, the faithful have won;
And Christmas shall never be lost to the sight;
But the souls who keep watch o'er the lambs on the height,.
To fesd them and guard them from beasts of the night,
Shall hear the first carol, shall see the first light
Of Christmas eternal, peace, good will to men;
With God In His glory, the Highest. Amen!
tillad with delighted listeners. AU tt*
promeuaders in the garden of the Psl-
8Is Royal *1006 still, and many can**
toward the music and swelled the
crowd thai U d already gathered
Enthusiastic applause greeted the
last sounds of the music, and when
the hat of the old man was i«iFsed It
was soon tilled with copper and silver
The threo young men did uot allow
the enthusiasm to abate, for soon the
vlollu was heard agalu, but this time
as an accompaniment to Gustavo's
grand, melodious voice, which sang
the beautiful cavntlua from the
audience was spellbound.
In the meantime the crowd bad In-
creased .and when the young singer
ceased the money was fairly showered
; upon Uicm, so that tho manager of
the concert had difficulty to gather It
tip. But he was determined to In-
( his efforts.
! "one more piece," he whispered, nnd
we will have enough. You, Adolf,
chime In with your bass voice, but at
I the same time plav the violin. I will
I sing barytone, and you, Gustave, my
brave tenor, you must give 11s one
more of your sweet tunes. l,et us
sing tiie trio from "William Tell."
This will be the finale, and do not for-
get that we are not only singing for
charity, but that we must bo an honor
tr. the Conservatoire."
This admonition was unnecessary.
Tho artiste spirit had already taken
possession of tho young men, and In
Strasbourg opera for ten years. I
had the honor to conduct the first per-
formance of "William Tell." But since
1 left my home, misfortune has fol-
lowed me. Y011 have saved mine and
my daughter's life, for, thanks to you,
wo will lie able to return home. My
daughter will get back her health in
her native climate, auil I will find a
place among my com|iatrlotg to teach
that which 1 can no longer accomplish
myself. But you, you will be great
"Amen," answered the young men
as they led the old musician lovingly
to the street, and there they bads him
au affectionate farewell.
Notwithstanding their efforts to dis-
guise themselves they had been recog-
nised by one of tho audience, who
told of the episode.
The name of the young violinist was
Adolph Hermann, that of the teuor
was Gustave Roger and the arrangeur
of the charity concert was Charles
The prophecy of tho old musician
came true.—Chicago Herald.
FOR THE TELEGRAPH.
LINES OF EUROPE NOW OWNED
BY THE STATE.
SAVED THE MUSICIAfl.
Christmas Eve tn Gounod's Life.
It was Christmas ove, many many
The cold had been intense all day,
but now, toward night, a thick, white
fog rose out of the muddy, swollen
waters of tho Seine and obscured the
buildings of the neighboring streets.
The clock on the tower of the Church
of Notre Dame struck 8. On the left
bank of the Seine every street was de-
serted except, perhaps, the principal
arteries of trade, and there were
scarcely a half dozen people In the
long, narrow Rue Mazarin back of
the Institute do France. These few
even did not notice a tall, old man,
VVho dragged himself painfully along,
and who stopped from time to time to
shudder with the cold, stopped because
he seemed not to have strength enough
left to shudder and to move along at
the same time.
He leaned heavily on a thick cane
and his left arm pressed a loug object
wrapped In a shawl tightly to his
He was clothed in thin, shabby gar-
ments—summer trousers, an old coat
that was buttoned up to tho neck,
perhaps to hide the absence of a shirt.
The Cloak on the Tower Struck.
This was all he had on to shelter him
from the Icy dampness that moistened
his long white beard and hair.
The latter was partly covered with
* soft felt hat, well drawn over his
eyes. This he seemed to have done
not to be recognized, although It would
have been much better for him if he
had made himself known.
As the old man approached the bank
of the Seine he stopped a moment as
though In doubt whether to proceed
or not. Perhaps the river was a temp-
tation for him to mako an end of all
bis misery. He resisted that tempta-
tion, however, and crossed the Pont
lies Arts, the liaee du Carrousal and
tfce labyrinth of evil-smelling little
Streets that divided the Tullleries from
th Palais Royal at that time, and
came at last to the center of elegant
Paris, for fifty years ago the streets
that eon'aincJ the residence* of the
Cardinals Rlchllleu and Mazarin were
Dazzled by the many lights and half
stunned by the noise of tho holiday
crowd, he walked around tho garden
repeatedly with a timid air, as though
At last he took up his position on a
crowded corner, leaned against the
wall and proceeded to unwrap the ob-
ject he had carried under his arm so
long. This proved to be a violin aud
After examining the strings of the
Instrument very carefully, lie folded
up the shawl and threw it over his
left shoulder and started to tune the
violin. The first sounds of the mel-
ancholy and sentimental air drew the
attention of a couple of street gamins,
who pitilessly sneered and laughed at
him. The poor old man stopped play-
ing, sank down upon a doorstep and,
laying the violin on his knee, mur-
mured: "O, God! I havo forgotten
Thus he sat for some time, when
from the other end of tho passage
three jolly young men came singing
toward him. They wero singing a
couplet very popular at that time with
tho studeuts of the Conservatoire of
Not seeing the old man, one stum-
bled over his outstretched leg, the oth-
er knocking his hat off, and the third
stopped frightened, as the old man
"We are very sorry, sir; we did not
see you. I hope you are not injured?"
said one of the young men.
"No, you did not hurt me," replied
the old musician, as lie stopped to pick
up his hat, but the other was quicker
than he and handed It to him, and at
the same time he saw the instrument
in liis hand.
"You are a musician?' he asked the
old man, politely.
"I was, once upon a time," the other
answered, sadly, while two large tears
rolled slowly down his poor, thin face.
The young men noticed this aud
drew nearer to him. "What ails you?"
they asked. "Are you ill, and can we
do anything for you?"
For a moment the old man was si-
lent; then he held his hat toward the
young men, with a look that could
melt the hardest heart.
"Oh, please give me a trifle," he
whispered. "I can no more earn my
living with my Instrument; my lingers
have become stiff and my daughter iB
dying for want of nourishment."
The three young men were silent for
some time. Their faces expressed
confusion, and for the first time in
their lives they felt shame, even an-
ger. at their poverty. They searched
their pockets, but the result was mis-
erable. Their combined capital was
sixteen sous; the third one had only a
piece of resin, an article every violin-
ist carries constantly with him.
"Sixteen sous is not enough, my
friends, to help our colleague. We
must go to work energetically. You,
Adolve, take tho violin to accompany
Gustave, and 1 will make the rounds
with the hat."
The preparations occupied only a
few minutes. They turned up their
coat collars and drew their hats al-
most over their eyes to disguise them-
selves as much as possible. The
young man who had originated this
food work then gave the signal to
"It Is Christmas eve, Adolve; do
your best, for the Almighty may be
one of your audience.'
And Adolve did his best. After the
first sounds of the "Carnival of Ven-
ice" all the windows opened and were
•Oil, Ciod! I Flfttf Forgotten My
spite of the strange, and some would
say humiliating, circumstances In
which this concert was given, they
tang and played better than tn after
years before the most critical audi-
ences of Europe.
They electrified even the old man,
who nt first had remained quietly on
the door step, and now took up hltf
^Btlck and started to direct the trio In
a way that showed him to be a musi-
cian of experience and talent.
He stood there, drawn up to Ills full
height, and his eyes, that had been so
dull a balf-hour ago, glistened with ex-
citement. The old man was like one
glorified, and the young men felt that
they had obeyed the hand of a master.
The performance came to an end,
the crowd dispersed slowly; some col-
lected In groups to discuss the epi-
sode. "They are not street musi-
cians," said somebody In the crowd.
A NKWSIIOV'S CHRISTMAS.
II*- Remembered the Feoit and Af.
(rrnaril raid llnek the Quarter.
One Christmas night an old-time
newspaper writer stepped Into a
cheap restaurant In i'ark Row. lis
had enjoyed a hearty dinner, but as
the air was raw aud cold, ho wautcd a
cup of hot coffee. As I10 took his scat
nt one of the small tables a ragged lit-
tle boy planted himself on the stool
opposite him. If ever there was gnaw-
ing hunger depicted on a human face
It was on that boy's, and there was a
wolfish glare In his eyes as he fum-
bled a nickel and said; "A plate of
The waiter also took the other's or-
der. As the writer sipped his coffee
ho watched the boy ravenously devour
the beans. Whispering to the waiter,
he told him to bring a plate of corned
beef, some bread and butter and a
liowl of coffee for the boy. The little
I fellow stared for a moment, then
' sweetened the coffee, and, seizing a
knife nnd fork, began his meal. In a
\ few minutes the beef, beans, bread
and coffeo had disappeared, yet the
boy's api>etite was not satisfied.
I "What kind of plo do you like?"
asked the writer.
I "Most enny kind; they's all good,"
replied the boy.
"Bring him some mince aud pump-
kin pie,' 'said the writer to the waiter.
The boy gazed at the two plates of
pie In wonderment, then looked up
shly and pushed his nickel toward tho
i "What's that for?' 'asked the man.
I "To pay for de spread; it's all I'vo
Taking a quarter from his pocket,
the writer laid it on the boy's colu and
pushed them across the table.
| "Is them for me?" said tho boy
with his mouth full of pie. "Am 1 to
j have all dat?"
I "Yes; this is Christmas night, you
"YJs; I remember; but I had no mon-
ey fer me lodgln', so I didn't get any
of the dinner down at the newsboys'
lodging house. Tank you, mister,
Youse Is good ter me."
Leaving the boy to finish his supper,
the man passed out Into the busy
street, feeling happy over tho Inci
And Aldove Did Hlu Rest.
"Certainly not, there is probably a
wager behind it, or they are students
and wished to get the means for their
"Well, they have succeeded." said
one man. "I saw how a number of
gentlemen threw gold pieces into that
And this was true, the hat con-
tained a large sum of money. The
art loving and wealthy people of the
audience did not care for the motive
of this "al fresco" performance, but
wished to show their at preclatlon In
a substantial manner.
When the young men spread out
the shawl in which the violin had been
wrapped and emptied the money into
it, the old man stood there speech-
less with surprise and Joy.
"Your names; oh tell me your names,
so that I con bless you to my dylnfc
day, and so my daughter can pray for
you every day."
"I am Faith," said the first youth."
"I am Hope." said the second.
"And I am Charity," answered the
The lint Wni Soon Filled With
third, who had arranged the financial
part of the concert.
"You do not even know my name,"
sighed the old man. "t might have
been a thief, for all yon knew of the
contrary. My name Is Chepner. I am
an Alsatian, and was director of ths
dent. Months passed, and he had al-
most forgotten It, when one day a boy
stopped him near the Hrooklyn bridge.
"Saiiy, mister," said he, "I owes yet
a quarter. Here It is."
Recognizing his Christmas guest, the
writer gently refused the money, tell-
ing him that lie had better keep it.
"No; you it," lie persisted. "That
supper and de quarter you give me
brought me luck, and I've not been so
hungry sence. Youse was so good dal
night, and I wants yer to take the
quarter now, so as youse can give
some odder boy a Christmas supper."
The writer took the coin, and many
a poor newsboy has had a good dinner
with it since.—New York Recorder.
First Sweet Thing—What are you
going to give Charley for a Christmas
Second Sweet Thing—I think I shall
give him one of those pretty silver-
First Swset Thing—I di.ln't know he
Second Sweet Thing—He doesn't
now, but I suppose he will after New
Year. I mean to break the engage-
ment then.—Indianapolis Journal.
A CHRISTMAS EVE THOUGHT.
If Santa Claus should stumble.
As he cllmbe the chimney tall
With ell this Ice upon It,
I'm afraid he'd Ret a fall
And smash himself to pieces—
To say nothing of tho toys!
Dear inc. what sorrow that would bring
To all the girls and boys
So I am going to write a note
And pin It to the gate,—
I'll write It large, so he can see.
No matter If It's late,—
And say, "Dear Santa Clans, don't try
To climb the roof to-night.
But walk right In, the door's unlocked.
The nursory's on the right."
—Harriot Brewer Sterling, In December St
Not Kan for rrotlt, but for the Itciieflt
of the IVopic Operated In Close Con-
nection with the l'ostitl System—'A
There Is one Important difference be-
tween the telegraph systems of tie con-
tinent of Europe and those of England
which has to be taken Into account in
the outset In considering tho general
systems. This difference Is that the
English system originated In private
enterprise, while in most of tho conti-
nental states, if not in all of them, the
government was the Initiator. Hence
in the case of the continental countries
the Btate had not to burden itself with
a large outlay In tho acquisition of the
telegraph, although there Is no doubt
that In the early days of the telegraph
the first cost of some of tho primary
lines was excessive. Another fact
which may as well he stated In the out-
set Is this, that, with hardly an excep-
tion, none of the continental systems
of telegraph pay financially. Even in
cases where there is a balance on tho
right side, it is so small as to be hardly
worth taking account. Still another
consideration which has to be borne in
mind is the fact that different govern-
ments seem to regard the telegraph sys-
tem as so Intimately connectod with
the postal system that In the published
financial statements the accounts are
invariably given en bloc, and not di-
vided, so that one can see what the re-
ceipts and expenditures have been on
telegraphs alone; and even when we get
these figures they only tell a part of tho
story, for In most of the European
states many of the telegraph lines havo
been constructed or have been extended
to unprofitable points, commercially
speaking, for strategical purposes.
Moreover, they are used extensively for
governmental purposes, for which no
corresponding remuneration appears on
the balance-sheet. In other words. In
England, as elsewhere, tho telegraph
service bears all the government busi-
ness, for which there is no actual finan-
But let me give some statistics of the
actual state of tho telegraphic service
in the different countries of Europe,
and then we shall have the material for
comparison. The latest statistics to be
had are those for 1893. On the 1st of
January In that year France had a total
length of telegraph lines of 59,693 miles,
with 197,622 miles of wire. There were
10,689 telegraph offices; and in 1892
there were despatched 45,328,588 tele-
grams, of which 33,439,947 were inter-
nal, 5,306,337 international, 1,571,168 In
transit, and 5,011,436 were official. There
are 237 miles of pneumatic tubes in
Paris. The number of subscribers to
the telephonic system in 1890 was 11,-
439, and 152,338 international conver-
sations were held. It should be said
here that In all the chief European
states the minimum price of a tele-
graphic message is 6d. or half a franc,
the 6d. carrying 12 words with the ad-
dress, and the half a franc 10 words
and ditto. In England, with the lowest
average at one shilling, the telegraph
was just on the point of paying when
public opinion compelled parliament to
adopt the 6d. tariff. In foreign states
the same thing has practically oc-
curred. In France, during the year
1893, the total receipts from the tele-
graphic service were 35,146,454 francs
85 centimes; but this is all I am able
to give of the financial position, al-
though our statement gives the net
product at 34,979,269 francs.
In the German empire (including Ba-
varia and Wurtemburg, which have
separate systems of telegraphy), the to-
tal length of the lines In 1892 was 73,-
198 miles, and the length of wire 259,-
628 miles, while the number of mes-
sages sent was:
Internal telegrams 22,209,144
Foreign telegrams 8,965,956
In regard to Germany, the Journal
Telegraphique, the best authority on
this subject, has no information touch-
ing finances apart from those relating
to the postoffice as a whole. It should
be said that In additon to the tele-
graphic system worked by the state the
railways have a system of their own,
which under certain conditions can be
taken over by the state, especially In
time of war.
The following are the available sta-
tistics of Austria, Hungary, and Bosnia
and Herzegovina for 1892:
Austria. Hungary, govina.
Offices .... 4,098 2,116 111
Line,miles 17,609 12,473 1,780
Wire,miles 50,154 35,320 3,870
Messages. 10,815,302 5,671,579 425,696
Although I have no special financial
statement regarding the telegraphic
service, the postal service as a whole
shows a very profitable working, the
financial statement for Austria (1892)
and Hungary (1891) being as follows:
Receipts 32,993,560 13,723,856
Expenses 21,750,837 9,561,836
The length of state telegraph lines in
Russia on Jan. 1, 1891, was 88,280 Eng-
lish miles, and the length of wire 172,-
360 English miles. Of the total system
about nineteen-twentieths were the
property of the state. There were at
the same date 3,796 telegraph offices.
The total number of telegrams carried
in 1890 was 10,103,810. The length of
the telephone lines was 1,376 miles,
and the number of telephonic messages
was 109,950. As iu regard the other
states, there are no figures published
with reference to the expenditure upon
the telegraph alone. I find that the rev-
enue from telegraphs rose from 10,-
507,000 rubles in 1888 to 11,875,000 ru-
bles In 1892; but as regards expendi-
tures, all the figures available are that
the general expendltuir ou posts and
telegraphs combined In 1890 was 25,-
219,619 rubles, against an income of
30.925,903 rubies. Thus, treated as a
whole, the system of posts and tele-
graphs shows a considerable revenue,
and this apart from the fact that tho
state uses both the telegraph and tho
post largely, without crediting the de-
partment with a single cent.
The state took over all the telegraphs
In Belgium In 1883, and since then tho
department has worked well In con-
junction with the post, la 1891 tho
telegraphs carried 8,443,.->93 dispatches,
private and official: In 1S92, 7,975,523.
In the latter year the total length of
public telegraph lines was 4.617 miles,
and the length of wires 22,139 miles.
There were at the same date 965 tele-
graph stations. The receipts in 1892
were 3,445,599 francs, the expenses
4,535,192 francs. There Is nothing to
show how this excess of expenditure
has arisen, although It may arise from
the fact that the government has of lata
years been laying telephone wires of its
own. The system has worked well, al-
though the private Belgian Telephone
Company existed side by side with tho
state system. In 1893, however, tha
government acquired vhe entire tele-
phone system of tho country. The
terms of the acquisition were that the
state should pay the companies an an-
nual rent plus 15 per cent bonus for
the ensuing 16 years, the concession
having been originally granted to tho
companies, according to tho provisions
of Art. I of the law of June 11, 1883,
for the maximum period of 25 years.
This will be a drag upon the slate until
the obligation has been extinguished.
In tho Netherlands there are several
private telephone lines, but most of tho
lines are owned by the state. Tho
length of state lines on Dec. 31, 1892,
was 3,398 miles, the length of wires 12,-
098. The number of state offices was
on Dec. 31, 1892, 473. The number of
paid messages by tho state lines in 1892
was 4,302,978. The receipts of the state
amounted in the Bamc year to 1,353,924
guilders, and the ordinary expenses to
1,881,580 guilders. The number of "ser-
vice" messages, which include thoso in
the service of the state railroads, and
for which nothing appears to the credit
of the lines, is very great.—Alfred T.
Story in New York Voice.
One of the favorite arguments against
the government ownership and control
of railroads—advanced, It need hardly
be said, by the railroad companies
themselves—has been that for the gov-
ernment to take over tho railroads
would be to infringe upon individual-
ism. It has been said, again and again,
that governmental control of railroads
would put a stop to individual Invest-
ment, and therefore to that competi-
tion which a much-misunderstood ad-
age declares to be tho life of trade
A railroad is, primarily, only a trans-
portation agency, that Is, means to an
end. Its legitimate functions are com-
prised within the providing of adequate
means for carrying passengers and
freight from point to point on its route.
Had the railroads of tho United States
been content to confine themselves to
their legitimate sphere the era of gov-
ernment control might have been at
least postponed, but so far from so
doing they are found concerned in im-
provement companies, In development
companies, in express companies, In
coal companies, and even in ice com-
panies, all of which Industries they
monopolize and control, either by the
creation of wheels within wheels, as
in the case of the Contract and Finance
Company, the Pacific Improvement
Company, the Western Development
Company and tho like, or by putting
the screws to other corporations until
they are forced to yield the lion's share
of their business to tho railroad com-
Under governmental ownership
such secret and vicious partnerships
could uot obtain. The government
would operate the roads under the well-
known principles which should control
common carriers, and would have no
special favors to extend to pet corpo-
rations, because it could have no inter-
est in them. Individualism would be
promoted rather than repressed, and
all patrons of the roads in tho samo
line of business would be put on equal
footing. A coal-mining company or an
ice-making company or any other in-
dustry would not he compelled to take
railroad magnates into partnership In
order to secure fair and equitable rates.
Genuine competition would be favored
and the consumer would derive an ad-
vantage which now he will seek In vain,
for the railroads will favor themselves
and their officials to the detriment of
the outside competitor.—S. F. Chron-
"Our Free Institutions."
The most free institutions in Ihis
country are those that are free of the
The banks and trusts are free of the
The railroad corporations defy the
The rich anarchists are a law unto
themselves. Only the working people
are governed and bound and gagged by
the laws which corporations have had
passed for the special benefit of the
Indeed, this is a free country for
those who have money to buy courts
and control legislation.
But for the toilers who have pro-
duced all the wealth of the country,
this is a land of slavery.
The first balloon was made by a
Jesuit, about 1620. The idea was re-
vived in France by M. Montgolfier, in
1783, and introduced in England the fol-
The A. R. II. will take in telegraphers.
Here’s what’s next.
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Allan, John S. The Peoples Voice. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 21, Ed. 1 Friday, December 20, 1895, newspaper, December 20, 1895; Norman, Oklahoma Territory. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc116792/m1/3/: accessed January 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.