The Prague Patriot. (Prague, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 10, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 2, 1905 Page: 4 of 8
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INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS
WEALTHY INDIANS DYING CUT.
Published Every Thursday In the Interest
of Prague rnd Vicinity.
W. S. OVERS!REET, Proprietor and
Subscription Frlce $I OO
4dvertl ing Rntw Mad« Known i^n AppIe Uo
In Person or by Letter.
Moscow's rioters may not have
heard that they have acquired the
blessings of free government and are
A New Jersey woman testifies that
her husband has not been once sober
since 1905. She ought to be exhibit-
ing, not divorcing hlra.
Their fig leaves are to be removed
from the statues in the Detroit Mu
seum of Art. This seems cruel, with
cold weather coming on.
Goldwin Smith thinks married men
should have two votes each. But it
Isn't likely that this kind of female
suffrago will ever be accepted.
That Brooklyn financier who wants
(o fight a duel with Castro need not
bo surprised If he Is haughtily told
to go and get a reputation first.
Osage Tribe Will Soon Have Perished
From the Earth.
Few realize that one of the fast-
vanishing tribes of Indians forms the
richest "nation" in the world.
These Indians, known as the Osages,
abide on a reservation in the northeast
corner of Oklahoma. The government
for many years has held a large sum
in trust for them, until even now there
is but a vague idea as to their indi-
vidual wealth. It is well known that
every Indian—brave, squaw and pa-
poose—on the reservation has at least
$5,000 or $6,000 to his • her name In
the government's keeping, as well as a
quarter section of land in the Osage
i reservation. This land, which has re-
! cently been developed, shows almost
inexhaustible resources. These Indl-
j ans have accumulated wealth under
the paternal policy of the government.
Their chief amusement consists of
visiting, which the broad hospitality of
J the west makes an exceedingly lnex-
j pensive pastime. Their wants, being
| few, make slight demands on their re-
sources in the way of food and cloth-
ing. At the same time the word
"work" is an abomination to them.
They lease their lands to small farm-
ers and cattlemen and devote most of
their time to strenuous avoidance of
anything like labor..
The Osage reservation consists, in
round numbers, of about 15,000,000
acres of land, which was originally
leased by about twenty-five cattlemen
at an annual rental of |45,000 a year,
hut with the advent of the small farm-
er these broad acres have been cut up
into small sections of land and are
proving exceedingly remunerative to
the tenants as well as to the Indian
Seattle says It does not want the
Christian Endeavor convention. It is ;
lust as well. Christian endeavor
would have a tough time in Seattle.
FACTS FRCM RUSSIAN CENSUS
In the prevailing excitement it has
been generally overlooked that the
Washington baseball club this year
lost the distinction of holding lowest
Chinamen may know how to make
superior bombs, but they would never
make successful anarchists, as they
cannot grow the whiskers that go with
Considering the superior and satia-
ted look which science habitually
wears, one must think it ought to
come forward with a real cure for
To sue for loss of one's wife's serv-
ices does not necessarily mean that
had the services been available one
would have forced one's wife to earn
the amount named.
The Japanese are a thrifty people.
If it becomes necessary for them to
find something cheaper than rice to
live on while they are paying their
war debt they will find it.
Vast Number of Illiterates in the
Land of the Czar.
Final results of the Russian cen
sus of 1897 are still appearing at in-
tervals. Among the latest figures
published by the statistical depart-
ment are the following: "The total
population of the Russian empire (ex-
cluding Finland) on May 10, 1897,
wtls 120,58fi,525. Of these 57,128,604
, wera members of the orthodox
i chur-Jh. Old believers and other sec-
j lions numbered 2,204,596; Mohamme-
j dans, 13,906,972; Roman Catholics,
[11.407,994; Jews, 5,215,805; ProteBt-
ants (Lutheran) 3,572,653. A division
j of the population on the basis of
j classes gives the following results:
Hereditary nobles, 1,220,169; nobles
for life, or by virtue of office, C30,-
i 119; priests of all Christian denoml-
[ nations, 588,947; honorable citizens,
! 342,927; merchants, 281,179; bur-
gesses, 13,386,392; peasants, 96,896,-
: 1148; Cossacks, 2,928,842; foreigners,
I X,297.965. Illiterates numbered 99,-
| 070,426 (79 per cent). Students at
I the universities and other institu-
tions for higher education numbered
A Georgian's Will.
A correspondent sends us a copy ot
| an old will on record in the office ol
j the ordinary of Lumpkin county, Geor
| gia. After appointing three executors,
In the recent balloting for the ad-
mission of candidates 10 the New
York Hall of Fame two of the three
men admitted were poets. They were, ; he "solemnly" requests them "to law
of course, dead when the votes were ! N. Nicholson to the full extent of the
cast. 1 law. I impute my cramp colic to his
. j Injustice to me." He further requests
The Baltimore man who says $15,-
000 a year is the ideal income prob-
ably enjoys an income of $2 a day.
Why, $15,000 a year is no more than
enough to pay your wife's dressmak-
There never was a man who had as
good a time as his wife thinks he does
when she Is away for the summer.
(Later: There never was a man who
would acknowledge that ho had as
good a time, etc.).
American traveling men who have
become so proficient that they can
converse freely with the natives of
New Jersey are not going to be scared
by the announcement that they may
have to learn Chinese.
What a pity that tho seventy tons
of dynamite which have blocked the
Suez canal could not have been em-
ployed in cracking tho rocks of Pan-
ama. It's another instance of tho total
depravity of inanimate things.
Miss Amanda Clement of Hudson,
S. D-, has just completed her first sea-
son as a professional baseball umpire,
p.nd will apply for a position In the
western league next year. Come,
Mere Man. this is getting serious.
BITS OF INFORMATION.
In Vienna glass is being used to fill
that "they pay themselves and our
attorneys and spend as much as Is
necessary in buying a slab and place
on It: 'Here lies the remains of S.
Douglas Crane. Born the 8th of No-
vember, 1800, who served five years in
the Georgia legislature and never lost
a day; and dies in the full faith of the
Methodist doctrine and in full hope, to
which church he wills $50." In con-
clusion, the testator requests "to be
burled on the highest hill In the grave-
yard with the honors of war, a colo-
nel's salute.—Law Notes.
My Mother's Garden.
Her heart was like her garden.
Old-fashioned, quaint and sweet.
A wealth of buds and blossoms
Hid in a still retreat.
Sweet violets of sympathy
Wen always opening there.
And lilies white and pure enclosed,
Each one a whispered prayer.
Forget-me-nots there lingered
To late perfection brought,
And there bloomed purple nansies
in many a tender thought.
There hope's first snowdrops took deep
And flowered because they must.
There love's own roses reached toward
On trellises of trust.
Atul in that quiet garden—
The garden of her heart—
Song-birds built nests, ami caroled
Their songs of cheer apart.
And from it still floats hack to us,
O'ercoming sin and strife,
Swei t as the breath of roses blown,
The fragrance of her life.
► Alice K. Allen in Good Housekeeping
Fungus Attacks on Telegraph Poles.
The length of service of a telegraph
or telephone pole is determined in a
section of the pole not more than a
foot or a foot and a half long. In a
standing pole this s(*ion extends
about six or eight Inches above and
bolow the top of the ground. This
is the universal point of attack upon
the life of the pole, and is called its
breaking point. Decay is the arch-
enemy of these poles. It sets in at the
ground line and reaches both up and
down the pole, but only so far as the
conditions exist which promote the
growth of wood-destroying fungi. A
few inches below the ground there is
lack of the necessary oxygen and heat,
while at about the same distance
above ground the requisite moisture
fails. The exact time at which decay
begins its work depends upon the cli-
mate, the character of the soli and
similar %-inditions. In a hot, moist
climate it ordinarily sets in with
great rapidity. But at best, in a very
few years after the pole is set the
struggle has commenced. The decay
soon girdles the pole asd gradually
eats into it deeper and deeper until it
is so weakened that it breaks under
the weight of its equipment.
The strain upon the pole from wind
pressure and the weight of its cross-
arms and wires is calculated for the
ground line. When the diameter of
this ground line is constantly de-
creased, the strength of the pole is
proportionately reduced, and it be-
comes only a question of time when
the pole must fall. Chestnut and white
cedar have been found, among avail-
able woods, most successfully to resist
decay; but the life of the former is
only from twelve to fifteen years, and
of the latter ten to twelve years. The
co-operative study of the bureau is for
the purpose of extending, if possible,
The experiments already made by
the United States Forestry Bureau
show conclusively that poles can he
subjected to a preservative treatment
which insures materially lengthened
ervice. This treatment consists in im-
pregnating the wood with antiseptics
which prevent the growth of the fungi
that cause decay. The treatment of
telegraph and telephone poles, when
attempted at all in this country, gen-
erally has been applied to the whole
pole, requiring the use of air-tight cyl-
inders 100 feet long or more. In these
the poles are subjected to live steam
for some time, when a vacuum is cre-
ated. Creosote is then run in and
pressure applied to force it into the
wood. Manifestly this is a laborious
process. Yet for telegraph and tele-
phone poles only about one foot of the
entire length needs to be made im-
mune from fungus. If this foot at the
fatal ground line can be preserved
from decay, the rest of the pole will
take care of itself. Experiments will
now be made in treating the butts
of the poles for a distance of about
eight feet, thus carrying the antisep-
tics just beyond the zone of decay
attack. The creosote-method will be
used and dead oil of coal tar forced
through the butt of the pole.
The telegraph companies have mafo
little use of preservative trea'.maat.
The>y employ millions of poles on their
various lines, and it would be a tre-
mendous economy to add even a few
years of service to the life of each
pole. But there will be another large
saving both to them and to the forest
through preservative treatment. To
provide a good margin against decay,
poles are now much larger than de-
manded by the strain upon them. It
is expected that decay will quickly eat
away a furrow around the pole at the
ground line, and the diameter of the
pole at that point is gauged to allow
for this weakening process. When it
is known that decay, in a certain num-
ber of years, cuts the diameter from
perhaps 12 to 8 inches, and that below
8 inches the weakened pole falls, the
course to be pursued is obvious. Anti-
septics prevent, for the time of their
effectiveness, the starting of decay,
and thus permit at the outset the se-
lection of an 8-inch diameter rather
than a 12-inch. The 4 inches saved
represent a tremendous difference fn
the size and age of trees used for
poles. Both the companies and the
owners of forests will be great gainers
by this economy, with its shortening
of the length of time necessary to
grow a pole.
when manure piles suffered In the
same way, when corn stalks were lit-
tle thought of. These things are less
common now, and year by year ap-
preciation o£ corn forage is increas-
Under the circumstances it should
be apparent that exclusive attention
to the improvement of the grain of
the corn plant is wrong. It Is quite
true that corn seed needs improve-
ment everywhere and that the work
being done by Prof. Holden and other
scientists is admirab.'e and utilitarian.
It is important to increase protein in
corn, as is being attempted by Prof.
Hopkins in Illinois. It will be wise
to continue expert judging of corn
at the agricultural colleges and by
every possible means to educate our
young m£n to a true scientific and
practical knowledge of corn and other
seeds. But equal attention should be
paid to other parts of the plant, apart
from the ears.
It is of importance that corn stalks
should grow more than one good ear
and that the ears should he at a
proper distance from the ground; also
that the leaves shall be large and
numerous. Thirty-foot corn stalks,
with ears ten feet from the ground are
no improvement. Tall, spindly plants,
with small, ribbonlike leaves and one
large ear too far from the ground are
not an improvement. The best corn
plant must be a dual purpose one,
combining fine ears of the best seeds
on small cobs and withal a great
abundance of large, wide leaves which
will Insure a bountiful fodder crop.
Let us not lose sight of these things
in seeking to improve corn seed. Let
us endeavor to improve the entire
plant for every purpose to which it
can be put and in so doing there will
result the greatest benefit to farmers
is unknown among
The average weight of an Andaman
Ulander is sixty pounds.
Clergymen stand second In the list
of Inventors; mechanics first.
Sixty thousand ei«ph nts are annu
ally slaughtered to give the world Its
Korean Woman Comes to Study.
Miss Melissa Kim, a native of Ko
rea, has arrived In San Francisco
where she will study medicine. There
is a general movement among the
women of China and Korea, Miss Kim
says, favor of higher education
and her Intimate friend in Hoo-Chow
was Sing Wong Tsing Ling, a Ch*
nese girl, who has recently gone to
Japan to study law there and will
practice In the Japanese courts. But
few Korean women have come to this
country thus far and Miss Kim Is the
first to speak English at all. She Is
28 years old.
Coal Ashes as Mulch.
I have believed for many years that
coal ashes make a good mulch, and I
still hold to the opinion, but with some
modifications. It is true tnat the ashes
will for a time prevent the growing of
weeds, especially during the early part
of the season. But in the ashes weed
seeds will ultimately grow up and de-
velop enormously. I might say that
if ashes are put on a piece of ground
in the summer the weeds will probably
not appear during that year, for the
reason that the seeds of weeds will not
have time to fall upon the ashes and
sprout before cold weather comes. But
ihe next year, look out.
Last winter 1 put ashes between my
rows of current bushes as well as be-
tween my rows of strawberries. The
ashes were spread on fully six inches
deep, so deep that I thought it impos-
sible for any weed to push through.
During the first part of this summer
the weeds did not appear, but after
midsummer showed a sudden vigor.
Tho ashes then seemed to help instead
of hinder them. I was away from
home for some time in the middle of
the summer, and when I came back
those weeds were five or six feet and
I had to pull up the stalks to make the
presence of the weeds in my currant
patch less obvious to the neighbors.
In my strawberry patch the result
was the same. The weeds grew up
and in addition every strawberry run-
ner that got onto the ashes sent down
a good system of roots and developed
plants right amid the ashes. I am go-
ing to follow the matter farther and
see how deep I will have to pile the
coal ashes to prevent the growth of
weeds. I am sure, however, that coal
ashes are a great help for a few weeks,
but they will not accompli' much as
a permanent destroyer.—Albert Bates,
DuPage Co., 111., in Farmers' Review.
Corn Seed Not Everything.
It Is a pleasure when traveling
through the country at this time of
the year to see the tall corn shocks
thickly covering the wide areas of
fertile land. Not many years since
corn shocks were most found in the
eastern districts and in those districts
where dairying Is made a specialty.
Now one sees corn shocks everywhere,
even towards the far west, where cat-
tlemen begin to understand that there
is much more nutriment In cut corn
'odder than in the weathered corn
stalks of the standing husked-cu!
crop. There was a time when straw
plies were burned to get rid of them,
It is time to begin thinking of fat-
tening fowls for the fall mar-
ket and for tho Thanksgiving
table. When we are getting
them ready for market we give them
a thorough cleaning, to get rid of all
vermin, and then confine where they
will have plenty of fresh air, but very
little exercise. We pay special atten-
tion to see that they are kept freo
from vermin now, for they have not
a fair chance to look out for them-
selves when confined. Pure air in
great abundance is very essential, but
exercise will work off the flesh you
are trying to lay on them. Corn Is
one of our best fattening foods, with
some oats and buckwheat. A variety in
the food tempts their appetite and
gives better results. During the last
ten days we feed nothing but soft
foods and these we feed in great
quantities. In confining the fowls for
fattening, we separate the cocks and
hens, and in case any individual fowl
is inclined to be "scrappy" and persists
in bothering his neighbors and worry-
ing himself about them, we put him in
a coop by himself. Anything which
tends to worry the fowls or to work
off flesh must be watched for and
avoided.—Cora H. Porter, Grant Co.,
Ind., in Farmers' Review.
Fattening Mature Birds.
It is extremely difficult to
fatten mature birds If they
are allowed the run of the
farm. But If they are confined they
may be greatly increased in weight
In from four to six weeks. Certainly
about a pound and a half can be put
on in the time mentioned. This fat-
tening is necessary whether the fowls
are to be shown at exhibitions or are
to be stld as dressed poultry.
Perfect in Quality
Economical in Use
Moderate in Price
CENTURY'S TIN IN ALASKA
Deposit of Cassiterite 25 Miles Long
by Ten Miles Wide
H. W. Hammond has recently re-
turned from the tin fields of Alaska,
and is enthusiastic over the future of
tin mining ia that territory. He says
that the placer deposits of tin ore, or
cassiterite, near Cape Prince of
Wales, are spread over an area of
twenty-five miles long and ten miles
"In this field," he says, "there 13
enough placer tin in sight to equal
for a century the present world out-
put of 97,000 tons annually. Outcrop-
pings of the ore from which these
placer deposits have come have been
located at various points in the York
mountain range, to the eastward, but
thus far the main ledges have not
been uncovered. The placer fields
themselves are so large, however,
and so easily worked that quartz
mining is not likely to be necessary
or advisable for decades to come."—
San Francisco Bulletin.
When a man is devoted to his wife
she is generally devoted to having
him devoted to her.
Good Nev/s for All.
Bradford, Tenn„ Oct. 23d.—(Spe-
cial.)—Scientific research shows Kid-
ney Trouble to be the father of so
many diseases that news of a discov-
ery of a sure cure for it cannot fail
to be welcomed all over the country.
And according to Mr. J. A. Davis- of
this place just such a cure is found in
Dodd's Kidney Pills. Mr. Davis says:
"Dodd's Kidney Pills are all that is
claimed for them. They have done me
more good than anything I have ever
taken. I had Kidney Trouble very
bad and after taking a few boxes of
Dodd's Kidney Pills I am completely
cured. I cannot praise them too
Kidney Complaint develops into
Bright's Disease, Dropsy, Diabetes,
Rheumatism and other painful and
fatal diseases. The safeguard Is to
cure your kidneys with Dodd's Kidney
Pills when they show the first symp-
tom of disease.
Where Dirt Means Ruin
Some idea of the scrupulous care
necessary to the perfect completion
of a great lens may be gained from
the following statement made by John
L. Gowan in his article, "Four Years'
Work on One Lens." "For the larg-
er lenses, the polishing and correcting
are done on massive machinery, in an
apartment where the temperature is
kept absolutely constant. The win-
dows are never opened here when a
lens is in process of manufacture, as
a stray particle of dirt from the out-
side world might work irremedial
havoc; and the workman and the
precious piece of glass in his hands
are protected by a huge umbrella or
other non-porous covering from dust
particles that might fall from the
celling. This extreme caution Is
none too great, as the optician must
now deal with errors not greater than
the five hundred thousandth part of
Clergymen stand second In the list
of Investors; mechanics first.
The king of Italy is presented an-
nually by the emperor of Austria with
10,000 American cigars.
Man Is sick ten days, woman twenty
days of each year.
Here’s what’s next.
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Overstreet, W. S. The Prague Patriot. (Prague, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 10, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 2, 1905, newspaper, November 2, 1905; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc116094/m1/4/: accessed February 20, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.