The Peoples Voice (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 39, Ed. 1 Friday, April 22, 1898 Page: 3 of 8
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A REIGN OF INFAMY.
"Whll"t °ur "1urdored seamen aioep bonoath the murky waters o> Havana harbor th®
American flan is belnn defiled at home by the administration, the stars
marks the stripes represent the quotations from the stock ticker.
man L ?ntz ot Ohio In the House of Representatives.
now represent dollar
From Speech of Contrress-
JXTin too nil;.
ONE OBJECTION TO INITIATIVE
Vltwrwil I'omruj AnNwerN the l'riiici|>iil
Objection, our Country in too big,
11 ron i; hi Against tln> Initiative* and
Referendum by tin* I uniformed.
lly the initiative, a reasonable num-
ber of voters, say ten per cent, have
power to petition to propose any
amendment to the constitution or law
and require it* submission to the peo-
ple at the next general election.
By the Optional Referendum, a lea-
Votifig yes, ninety-one tlioi
Voting no. ninety thousand.
.'I. Should tiie constitution be amend-
ed to require an educutianul qualifica-
tion of voters?
Voting1 ye>. one hundred and fifty-
one thousand. Voting no. forty-one
thousand. This question was submit-
ted merely to get the opinion of the
voters for the advice of the state legis-
4. Shall the proposed law take ef-
fect as passed by tlie legislature, pro-
viding for the issue by the state of
twenty year gold bonds to pay its debt
of two million live hundred thousand
Voting no, eighty-six thousand.
and. ' vice and telephone have made this a
i very small country In nine presiden-
tial election* out of ten, the result is
known all over tne i'nited States
within forty-eight hours after the
The vote by ballot has made it as
easy to receive and couut the votes of
twenty million men as of twenty thou-
sand. requiring only proportionately
more polling places and officers.
The voters can and do select the
names of their candidates from among
twelve to two hundred names that are
printed on the ballot. Surely they
can marl? their vot • o.i the same bal-
lot for or against proposed laws.
sonable number of voters, say five per
cent, have power by petition, filed 1 \otm^ -l's* thousand. '1 his
within ninety days after the close of j was submitted in all its details,
the legislative session to compel the Shall senate constitutional amend-
submission to the people at the next ' inent No. 10 be adopted, limiting ses-
general election of any law passed by J sions of the legislature to one hundred
that legislature. ! days' pay and prohibiting the intro-
Xo law submitted to the people j duetion of any bill after the first sixty
shall take effect unless it is approved i 'lays, except by consent of two-thirds
by a majority of these voting there-j of the members?
on. Voting yes, one hundred and lifty
It is proposed to apply this princi- I thousand, \oting no, thirty-six thou-
pie to all the laws, national, state and wind.
local. It is not proposed to abolish I Shall assembly constitutional
any legislature, but to create a new amendment No. T be adopted, prohib-
law-muking body, of which every i 'ting the erciit <>u of debt by any dis-
Voter shall be a member by right of | trict, without reference of the question
birth and citizenship, and which shall j lr> :i vote of the citi/. mis and approval
have supreme power to make or repeal •'>' two-thuds voting thereon?
I Voting yes, one hundred and nine
fcred to on
are about a
rs and rca.si
tion i. ot
er: The icle:
ul over so n
most frequently of
tion of this system,
ivs with some of the
Ot NTUY IS
the el -
the I ;
gross or i a
times c ry f
the numb . r
for state a.
can, at the
votes of the
to mark the
any propi: - d
voters of Cn
compel the s
proposed law, the 1
as to be that
o many, are
and and so
•t all men in
thousand. Voting no, sixty thousand.
7. Shall senate consl iturional amend-
ment No. 11 be adopted, allowing high-
er salaries to certain state oflicers?
Noting no, one hundred and twenty-
nine thous iucl Noting yes, forty-four
8. Shall a • sembly constitutional
amendment No. .*) bo adopted, author-
liclency expenditures of state monev
In these disenssious 1 have continu-
ally taken the ground that there are
nany causes of railway accidents; and,
.hat they are all intensified and ag-
gravated by the overwork of ilie rail-
way employes, lly the overwork ami
oss of sleep of track men, yard men,
iwitchmeu, trainmen, and the men in
:he round houses and the depots,
scarcely a man of the entire force,
from the trackmen to conductor and
.rain dispatcher, who is not over bur-
lened with work aud responsibility,
md is slowly dying from laek of sleep
md rest. Although the American rail-
way employee is is well paid as any
nan of his class for his single day's
work, yet for the amount of work he
Joes each day he is the poorest paid
aian of his class in all the world. For
example, the American employee gets
about twice the daily wages paid in
Kngland. but he is required to do the
work performed by four Knglish em-
ployes. To show the truth of this rule
;>n a general scale. I ask attention to
the following table, taken from ex-
tJovernor Larrabee's most able and re-
liable work on "The Railroad (.Jues-
tion," pag< 171
Kiioruiity of Extortion.
enormity of the extortion car-
ried on under cover of our railroads is
hard to conceive. -Hidden by practices
that are innumerable, by underhand
practices that are as reprehensible as
the grievions e\. eti >ns and injustices
so carefully hidden, it is hard to un-
cover the extent of the evils that have
grown up around the building and
operation of our railroads. The in-
justice of discrimination iti freight
charges and transportation services, j
the injustice and wrong of charging I
those outside of the railroad cliques,
the trusts and combine . built Up on
the favors granted by the railroads—
of charging those outside of these
cliques higher rates than those within
ion ti) t.
it ions by
can readily I
to which th
ried, and hone • the ill ignitud
wrong and evil d m it i«. im]
to show in all it>
criminations ; i
and hidden that
to uncover ther
ness. And cv,
prehend the n a
it the extent
or the dis-
•'l to com-
<1 to com -
NEW Form of SLAVERY. ooin!,*rUon between (trace and war.
| Wlies all the remU are ruuBiug on a
peace (?) footing they kill or injure
I FURTHER DISCUSSION OF RAIL-' l.SOO persons in half a month. That
WAY MATTERS BY J. DAVIS. would be three hundred pernons killed
or injured by one-fifth of the roads.
j | lu tiie Debs strike, the lost.es were oue
j Mr,k*" iallwajfc With all the Kr.uh i,tllldr,.,i Uilled or injure I, or, one-third
ant III.MMI Nhr.1. Mtarvailtm ami Ml.- „f the uaual peaee-footinK eaauaitiea In
•r>. Mum be KerkomHl In Making tho length of time, ou the same
batl.tl. . ,.f Hallway < I roBlls ulu,er eorpo,sU. „mI1.
1 age men t.
A strike is war. No war is just or
even excusable, unless there are good
and justifying reasons. It ean never
Ih justified except as a last resort for
the defense of just human rights
Why then do railway employes some-
times engage iu strikes?
First. Because, ignoring the exist-
ence of the ballot box in this country,
they see no other way to defeud their
rights against corporate greed; and to
maintain a scale of wages above the
point of starvation and nakedness of
themselves and families. And it must
be udiuitted that the power of the
stirke, and. the fear of it on the part
of the corporations, has a wonderful
influence in mitigating the hard lot of
the over-worked and under-paid rail-
way employe of this country.
Second. The strike gives the rail-
way employee time to wash off the
grime und blood and smoke, and to en-
joy a few nights rest in bed. lie has
time to become acquainted with his
family, and to lcatn the color of his
children's hair and eyes m broad day
And, third, as to the dangers and
casualties the men avoid two-thirds of
the killings and the wonndings. On
this test comparison as to life and per-
sonal injuries, the savings by the Debs
strike of .iuly 1H04, were at least two
hundred persons. Such savings in a
short, two week's campaign of active
hostilities are worth counting. Of
course the slow tortures and murders
of men by overwork, has, for the time
ceased. That, also, is net gain.
Header, do you ever observe the in-
flamed eyes and worn aspect of the
half dead men at the furnace or the
engine after a run of twenty to forty
hours without rest or sleep? Have
von ever imagined to yourself that
that noble, brave and faithful man
has a wife and family with whom he
would be glad to spend a whole day
now and then. l)o you now see why
railroad men. bearing all the burdens
and dangers which are their lot, with
frequent insults from brutal oflicials,
sometimes strike in hope of relief?
The whips, guns and bloodhounds of
the old cotton states never worked,
distressed and mangled the chattel
slaves as the white men who do the
work on out American railways are
now worked mangled and killed. The
old slavery recognized a race and color
line. Corporate slavery includes all
men. black, white and yellow. Chat-
tel slavery never worked a man to
death or wortlilcssucss, without less
to the matter Corporate slavery is a
perpetual torture and carnage of thou-
sands per month with no sutlicient fi-
nancial or moral restraint to protect
them. It is ait the swapping of dead
or maimed men for sound ones, driven
to their tasks by hunger, ami the spir-
it of corporate greed maintains its well
"Slavery aint 'o nary color,
"I'aint the skin that makes it worse.
All it cares tor in u feller,
Is to make him fill its purse."
Ilosea ] igelow.
Slavery is a means by which the
master enjoy th • earnings of the man.
through unfair means of coercion, as,
whip . hunger and other modes of per-
sonal dist i i .-:-. Ver\ Uesp.
less pay for run-
\ than an v ot her
LT. States 5f r> 2,62ft
By inspecting the above figures it
ivill be seen that the railway employes
>f this country get
aing trains, per mil
nen of their class on earth. (Jreat
Britain pays more than twice as much
.o the employes per tra il mile as is
laid in this country. The British com-
panies employ nearly four times as
nany men per mile as are employed in
.his country: and, it may be added,
ilso, that their slaughter is less than
>ne-fourth as many people, iu propor-
l .ion to the number carried.
The Knglish employe has time to
•est and recreate with his family, to!
svork iu his garden and to attend
jhureli: all of which ke.'ps him fresh,
ilert aud vigorous. This not true to
.he same extent iu this country, be-
cause of the long und irreg'.;lar hours
md cruel overwork of our men!
President Kipley says that, next to
truth and honor, human life i- the
learest thing oil earth. And yet our
American railway corporations con-
stantly persue a policy which doubles
and quadruples the railway carnage of
his country as compared >ith others,
uerely that they may pocket the mon-
*y that should be expended to prevent
the continually occurring accidents.
I And, in his heartlesstiess the i'resi-
| lent of the Santa I V tries to i-mooth
lown and excuse the disaster*, while
! (lie slaughters and the holocausts con-
tinue, by saying that so many millions
ire carried that are not hurt.
I As well try to excuse that other fa-
! inous blood-letter known as the 1'ivneh
J /uilotine, because it - daily average did
not exceed say lifty or a hundred per-)
i •'Oiis, while thirty millions daily and i
; lOtirJy cseap'^d with their heads on.
j I'lie entire carna e by the gnilotim in'
! he French rev. ut n >. d not reach]
wenty thousand « eca pita tion >, (M.
j I. V .
very three years. Ik - . five times as
' nany more that arc injured: not count-
ng the tlion amis of ei ■ • who are j
iisabled and murdered by th? slow.
Ajcil 18.—The S*n; te anil House deroted
the ilay until midalght to agreeing on th«*
Cuban resolutions They were finally
Kr« ed to with the recognition clause
lrit ken out
April 16. At the oftrningof the * es«ion of
the H'>u e (funeral Wheeler. Democrat oi
Alabama, aiade a personal explanation in
connection with some criticism < t. a letter
he had written to Oovernor Johnston, of
Alabama Some unimportant minor bills
Mere j ass«-,| by unanim<>u- consent Mr
Dingle v. at I p m moved that the llouftc
!! Ml . Halley sugKested the
advl ablllty of a recess until m
wr o'clock to-night to await
the action of the S-natr but, on Mr.
Dingley .* statement that the Senat • was
not likely to a t before midnight, he yield-
ed, but modified his motion to make it a re-
cess until 10 o'clock Monday morning At
1 :W p. m. the recetM was taken.
After four day* of «tirrlng debate the
Senate adopted the Cuban war resolution
with an amendment offered by Mr Turpie
of Indiana recognizing the republic of ruba
as the true and lawful government of that
island. Not less than twenty -five Senators
spoke during the dav The final vote stood
07 to 21. While the verdict returned was
decisive, it is Just to say that it was not
final. Note* of discord almost fore-
boding in their tone—were .sounded.
This foretKnling was not due in any
case of anxiety about the results of the im-
pending conflict It was prompted by a
fear lest, it the action taken by the Senate
should ultimately Ik- accepted as final, this
government migh bocoine involved In com-
plications that in future years woUd prove
Following is the vote in detail? Yeas-
Allen. liacon, Baker Hate, iterrv llutler,
' annon. Carter. Chandler. Chilton, Clark.
Clay. Cockrell, i ulloni. Daniel, Davis, De-
l>oe. I'aulknei, Foraker. Fry. OalUnger.
Hear, (iornian, tirar. Hansbrough. Harris.
Heitfeld, Jones (Ark). Jones (Nev.),
Kenny. Kyle f«odge, I.lndsav. McKnerv,
McLaarta, Mallory, Mantle Martin Mason,
Mills Mitchell Money, .••! r|tn M irphy,
Nelson, l ascoe, Fenrose, Perkins. Petti-
grew, Fettus Fro tor, yuav. Hawllns,
ltoach. stump. Smith. Stewart. Teller,
Thurston, Tillman, Turner, Turpie, Vest,
Warren. Wilson and Wolcott 07
Nays Aldrlch Allison, Hurrows Caffery.
F.lklns. Fairbanks, Hale, Hanna Hawley.
Hoar M< Brid •. Mi Mlllln, Mo i I Piatt el
i'onnectlcut, Fi.iti of NewYnk. Pritchard,
Sewell, Spooner, Wellington. Wetmore.
Wire Trust (uts Wngns.
Clrvkland^ Ohio, Apt il 1h. —'The
old employes of the American Wire
Works company, who were discharged
when the new wire trust took p«>sse.s-
sion of the plant, have been notified
of a reduction of .. '■ j per cent in wag*ea
to take effect when they resume work.
The men will accept the reduction
rather than take the risk of not re-
irainiug employment at the works.
Tillinitgn May <io ns ChnpUln.
CmcAQo, April 10.—The Itev. T. I)e
Witt Taluiage has applied to Secretary
\ljjer for a position as army chaplain.
It is believed that his request will be
granted, but that he will l>e given
charge of a large body of men. I)r.
TaImage's son, Frank De Witt Tal-
mage, is chaplain of the Second regi-
ment of the Illinois National guard.
Dr. Talmage thinks his work as chap-
lain will not keep him long away from
his regular congregation.
To I.aiiiich th« Alnl>t iiiii Moon.
Pini.ADEi.rniA, April 1 . — It haa
been learned that May is has been
fixed as the date for launching the
I'nited States battle ship Alabama, in
course of construction at Cramp's
shipyard Miss Morgan, daughter of
Senator Morgan will, it is stated,
christen the ship named iu honor of
her nativo state.
I.ew Wallace Wants a Command.
Indianapolis, Ind., April i'j. —Gen-
eral Lew Wallace, the soldier ami
novelest, who was 11 years old April
Id, has formally withdrawn from the
race for the I 'nited States Senate, and
announced that be will enter the
army and fight for Cuban independ-
Furniture Trust to Form.
Grand Kaimds, Mich., April 1. —
Negotiations that were begun during
the January furniture season in this
city with a view of forming a trust or
combinntion by the manufacturers of
chamber suits and <"ise ?,rooda prom*
'se.s success in the near future.
are fiat: other wis
two boats started
terday with i' ,557,'
About one-half of
tended for Lou.>-.
and the balance ft
flit of Co
profit of lift
can bo boi
ntie dav the
u tne river ves-
1.us!.-Is of coal,
shipment is in-
L 1 s —Harvey
(•!,()•),<i ten dele-
I i utchinson con-
i of May 19.
.Ti'i rv Simpson.
, t housaud.
jne bin dred and 11 ftecn
ting no, forty-two thou-
>f them toanv 'i he amendments were d^scrit
-lature of Llic i t-lie ba.liot only by the senate or
btate sometimes submits important number, without any statement or
questions to a vote of the citizens. • At * planation whatever « f their purpose
tlie presidential election of IS'.)*2 the
following nine proposals were so sub-
mitted to the voters of - alifoi uia The
▼ote is given in thousunds only.
1. Should the United States sena-
tors be elected by the people?
Voting ves, one hundred and eighty-
eight thousand; voting no, thirteen
thousand. The vote was only to get
the opinion of the people, as advice to
'J, Shall the proposed law take ef-
fect as passed by the legislature, for
the building, at state expense, of a
general ferry and passenger depot at
San Francisco by the State Hoard of
Harbor Coinm ssioners, at a cost not
exceedinu* six hundred thousand dol-
lars, bonds lo be issued for the au.ount?
effect. Therefore it required a very
considerable degree of education and
study for a voter to express his opin-
ion on all these nine proposals.
The total vote on presidential elec-
tors was two hundred and sixty-nine
thousand, while the vote on these pro-
posals varied from one hundred and
sixty thousand to two hundred r.nd
one thousand. The questions were all
voted on and the votes counted, with-
out any complaint of extra labor, ex-
pense, or delay in voting or counting,
and it does not lake longer to com-
municate with Washington from the
remotest precinct in the* I'nited States
than it does with Sacremeuto from
many of tho precincts in California.
The railroad, telegraph, postal ser
ml up witii
s capita i/. ■
rge a few
ipers only <
oat is to pay
1 system is
• 15 cents,
t v. is stat-
■ ;i:: s have
pouuds lor the .shipment
from Chicago l > Piiilndeljj
charging the m i -- of shipne
if it is wrong for the railro
to some shippers the use of their
as storehouses free of charge hut not
to all, if it is u i'ou ;- for the railroads
to act, as the business agent of the
trusts, while refusing to similarly
treat the ord narv shipper, if it is
wrong to carry the good* of the trusts
at lower ratc> than the goods of inde-
pendent producers, if it i- wrong for
the railroads to do switching without
charge for the clique shippers whi'e
charging till other shippers stiitlv, in a
word, if it is wrong for our railroads
to operate so as to deprive men of an
equality of opportunity, so as to build
up trusts and monopolies, so as to im-
poverish the many, so as to oppress
the honest and serve the unscrupulous,
then sheltered under the protection of
our railroads is n g -ievotis wrong, for
after this manner tt arc operated.—
Philadelphia Ameriei ,
tensive railroad strike :
Iy ISiii, known as the I)
t iou tni-i uav"
oft lie state ti
All this has i
Summing of the ca-ualties of that
stri e. the Washington. .D. C., Post of
July 10, estimated the killed at ( liica- j
70 and all other platres at twenty per- "ofllce holder
sons, the injur.".I at eigiity; total ag- been a dangerous fi
jregatc casualties, in two weeks, (July I olitics.
to 10) of active
.1 their share of taxa
. conform to the laws
i same as individuals.
cn accomplished at a
f public funds when
ormer extravaffaat ad-
TIjb C / 1 r's W irt!
St. PI:TKI:SBI-i^. A
•resented the Print
with an Raster gift of 3,000 rif
-Journal, Rossville, Ind.
trust" has ever
are of American
The time was when a eon-
tilitic>. one hun- sit'nal caucus noinina'.etl the party
national tickets. Now the ofllcehold-
ers dominate the conventions, issue ad-
dresses, enter iuto combinations and
use their money to further their own
personal ends. If the people ever ex-
pect to rule they must make officials
their servants, instead of their mas-
Now let us compare notes. When all
ue roatls of this country arc running
under the usual corporation manage-
neut, the casualities are over 3G,000
persons killed autl wounded per an-
hum. That would be 2,000 per month,
or 1,500 in half a month. On the very
jafe supposition that one-fifth of the
roads of the country were stopped by
the strike, we would have a basis for dy of childhood1
What are the threats and promises
of ecclesiastics but the strap and can-
Ten lien KUUmI Id Ton IVijru.
Pivhvii.i.:;. ivy., April 1 ' —The How-
ard-Haker feud u Clay county has
* broken out a rain and ten men are re-
>orted k i lie I and three in jure:!. This
cud iy only ten days old.
Co!<| I'rcmiuiii at Linbon.
London. April 1 • —The gold prem-
ium at Lisbon at closing Saturday
Senor Polo has chartered a steamer
to transport 403 Spaniards from Tam-
pa to Havana.
Spain will not be permitted to pur-
chase any more coal in this country.
England's action in declaring coal
contraband of war was aimed at
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Allan, John S. The Peoples Voice (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 39, Ed. 1 Friday, April 22, 1898, newspaper, April 22, 1898; Norman, Oklahoma Territory. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc115819/m1/3/: accessed February 18, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.