The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 126, Ed. 1 Tuesday, August 20, 1918 Page: 3 of 4
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THE DAILY TRANSCRIPT, TUESDAY, AUG. 20. 1918.
Why We Fight
Beoauie Germany Menaces the
Freedom of the Worid and Russia
Can no Longer Resist
By CLARENCE L,. aPEED
Secretary of the War Committee of the
Union League Club of Chicago.
We are in this war with Germany
because it is a war for freedom mora
truly than ever before was a war
fought for the liberty of man. In times
past, it is true, men have fought for
freedom from oppressors. Sometimes
they have won and sometimes they
tiave lost. But always there has been
a place in this hip world where those
who had lost in the strugle at home
might go and find a country where
they might enjoy the liberty they
Now nit is different. If the forces
which are fighting for freedom in this
•war are defeated, there will be no
place in the whole world to which they
may go to find a refuge from Prus-
sian domination. Every land under
the sun will be directly or indirectly
Hinder control of the victor; and if
the victor Is autocracy, freedom per-
The land where freedom Is most im-
minently menaced by the legions of
Prussian autocracy, at this moment,
is the land where unwonted freedom
temporarily has run riot and has lost
the power to fight for itself—Russia.
We are fighting for the freedom of
Russia, and must continue to fight for
}t until Russia learns what freedom
means, and is again able to fight. If
we do not, freedom will die in Russia;
Prussian autocracy will rule and ex-
ploit the country for its own benefit!
and the very forces which overthrew
the czar will be turned against the
freedom not only of themselves, but of
In years gone by, when the forces
of revolution were showing themselves
Jiere and there in Russia, they had the
Sympathy of America in spite of the
methods of terrorism of which wa
did not approve. When the czar and
(he kaiser, leaders of autocracy, were
locked in a death grapple, Russia still
had our sympathy, because she was
fighting on the side of those who were
seeking to safeguard the world from
When the czar was deposed over
(light American feelings were mixed.
There was joy at the downfall of an
old, and sometimes cruel autocracy,
but there was fear that Russia would
become too disorganized to fight fur-
ther, coupled with the thought that per-
haps the revolution had come too sooa
to be effective.
Then followed the brief regime of
Kerensk.v, when it began to look as
though freedom In Russia might be an
organized freedom, prepared to fight
for its rights, and all America hailed
i the Russian revolution as a blessing.
K It had become absolutely correct to
eay that the war was a war of democ-
racy against autocracy. No pro-Ger-
man could longer point to the czar,
whenever an argument arose.
Finally came the bolshevik! revolu-
tion, in which Kerensky was over-
thrown. Russian industry and Rus-
sian society were disorganized, and
Russian armies ceased to fight. The
kaiser's armies pressed on unopposed,
took what they desired in spite of a
signed peace, and Russia appeared to
be about to pass completely under con-
trol of Germany. America stood
aghast at the prank freedom had
pl.fyed, and American opinion turned
largely against Russia, but thinking
men refused to give up hope. Rus-
sia was and still Is incapable of offer-
ing resistance, but Russia is not re-
signed to autocracy. It devolves upon
others to fight for the freedom Rus-
sia must have.
The experience of other nations has
been that men who loved freedom
were willing to fight for it, and to die
for it if necessary. The Russian at-
titude of nonresistance was something
new in the world, and is hard to un-
derstand. The bolshevik! represent-
ed the extreme idea of liberty. To
them freedom meant not the right of
the majority to choose their form of
government, but the right of the Indi-
vidual to be free from all forms of
governmental restraint. They would
tear down the old order completely,
at one stroke, and set up the mil-
lenlum. They would divide the land,
the factories and the tools among the
workers, and have no masters hence-
F Even in Russia, however, there were
' 1 •dissenters. Some took up arms; and
the bolslievikl, who fought the Ger-
mans not at all, fought their brothers
most ferociously. The result was an-
archy, lawlessness, massacre, the dis-
organization of the railways and the
failnre of the food supply. The mil-
lenlum refused to corae at the mere
decree of the bolshevik!. It was shown
that there must be organization an'd
government of some sort.
Russia will not longer fight side by
side with her i'ormer allies. So ifi-
aiduous has been the German propa-
ganda that, in many ins.'mces, Russian
hatred of the allies s.vnis to be deep-
er than hatred of Germany.
Therefore the United States cannot
render direct aid to the struggling peo-
ple of Russia. She cannot send them
armies and supplies, for they have re-
fused to do battle for themselves. To
fight for Russia she must fight on the
western front. She must do her share
toward humbling the kaiser, and forc-
ing him to relinquish his grasp on the
That Is why we cannot talk pence
with Germany as long as the kaiser
has one single Russian province un-
A BOX FROM HOME
Drawn by Gaar Williams, Division of Pictorial Publicity.
Food savings of millions of Americans during our first year of war enabled this govern-
ment to send enormous food shipments abroad for our fighting forces and the Allied nations.
Our savings in cereals—out of u short crop—amounted to 154,900,000 bushels; all of which was
shipped to Europe. We increased our meat and fat shipments 844,600,000 pounds. This was
America's "box from home" to our army abroad and the civilians and military forces of the
The Story That Private Leach Told
"I say there," called Private Leach, I friendly, sympathetic whine, and the
, . ' „„in. 1 soldier patted him gratefully.
sitting up weakly, where jou goln „Good old chap,.. 8al), Prlvate Leach.
with me blinkin' 'at? ] "Y0U've been knocked about a bit
The dog cast a look back across his j vourseift eh?" He touched the dog's
shoulder, wagged his tail pleasantly! ear where a recent hurt had left a
and continued to trot away, carrying! scarcely healed scar.
.... And then the rascal had seized Pri
Private Leach s cap in his jaws.
make? He had clicked a bullet in his
rlgh thigh, and, what with the loss of
blood and pain and hunger and all, a
chap might as well "go west" without
cap as with one. Now that .he'd
different to me when I gets back to
Blighty. BU-me, I awlways 'ated
dawgs, but not now I don't."
"Look !" said Private Leach. " 'Ere
comes one of the little beggars."
A wiry, short haired dog with a deal
of bull in his makeup came limping
along or, three legs, the fourth held
.at* Leach's cap and made off with It j stiffly In front of him by an ingenious
" 'E's got a bloomin' cheek, not) towar(j (i)e lines, paying no serious! arrangement of sling and bandage,
'alf!" observed Private Leach and lay j attention to the wounded man's re-j "Clicked a bit o' Fritz's lead 'is
down again What difference did it j monstrances. j bloomin' little self, 'e did, eh, wot?
"Rum little bloke!" remarked Pri- 'Ere, Bill. Nice old blokey."
vate Leach and fainted. ] The dog went and laid his head,
Private Leach sat on a sunny bench friendly fashion, on Private Leach's
in ti* small courtyard of the con- knee and looked up into the soldier's
valeseent hospital and explained mat- face, whining sympathetically,
managed to get a dressing on the I ters to a compatriot, likewise recover- "'E knows 'ow it feels," observed
wound and a bandage to hold the j ing from the effects of boclie courtesy, i Private Leach. Then, "I say, there,
dressing in place, the bleeding was I "And the bloomn' surgeon, 'e says old timer, look at that ear I"
less, but the end of the snmshm bone | them dawgs is trained like that. The | "Scar," said his companion. "Been
was grinding in the torn flesh. It
one that found me, 'e don't mind bul- j fightin', like as not."
lets no more han buns, 'e don't,| "Bll-me!" cried Leach. "'E's the
a-w'lzzln' past 'is 'ead. And when 'o syme chap. 'Ere, now, where you goln'
finds a wounded chap 'e tykes 'is cap j with me blinkin' 'at?"
or anything that's loose 'e can get 'lsi The dog, holding Private Leach's cap
teeth in, and away 'e goes to report at a provoking distance, viewed the
to 'la K. O., like a good soldier. So two convalescents with a mischievous
then the stretcher hearers, they goes eye.
hand bearing the flaming sign of the] out and brings in the chap, same as '"E's a cute tin. Wish 'e was goln
Iteil Cross. He stood quite still while i they did me, d'ye see? Red Cross hack to Blighty wlf me, not alf. Eh
Private Leach painfully unfastened the j trains dawgs by 'undreds.. Great, eh, wot?"
first aid package from his back and,
.itlll more painfully, applied the disin-
fectant. ganze pads and clean cotton
wasn't a bit cushy, out there in No
Man's Land, six hours in a shell hole
with a busted leg.
The dog had popped up from no-
where at all, with his alert eyes and
sensitive, searching nose. Girt tight-
ly about his body was the broad white
Mivture. Looking up, he whined a
wot?" "Sure," agreed the other. "I al
"Riglito." agreed Private Leach's w'ays 'ated 'em, but not now I don't
companion. " 'Spect youM like to meet; Red Cross dawgs is bloomin' humans
that fellow again. Dawgsil look a bit Strafe me if they ain't I"
They Are Our Boys; Get
Ready, Everyone, for a Rush!"
Learn to Get Along Without Sugar
It has been done before. A hundred years ago re-
fined sugar was unknown. Our ancestors used honey and
you can use honey also. Besides there are syrups. The
natural sugars of fruits will serve today as they did cen-
turies ago. You will get all the sugar you need in this
way. The Allies do it now. England, which before the
war used more sugar than we did, has but two pounds
per head a month now; France one and a half pounds,
and Italy only one. Show yourself a patriotic American
and use less than your ration. This is but a slight sacri-
fice as compared with all that the Allies are doing. Do it
Help the S. A. Help Our Boys
The Red Cross with its army of physicians and nurses,
its supply stations filling constantly with needed articles aa
the millions of workers send in their products from sur-
rounding comunities, and then there are the triunal group
of war councillors with their club houses, their food stations,
their home comforts, entertainment features and their cul-
tural and religious influences which are officially endorsed
and encouraged, such as the Y. M. C. A., the K. of C. and
the Salvation Army.
The first two have put through a victorious drive for
funds to carry on their work, which my this time is so well
known and appreciated throughout the country, and it is
now the privilege of the Salvation Army to make its work
known and its needs, that both may be satisfied.
The Salvation Army was a pioneer in the "hut move-
ment," which less pretentious than some other established
agencies for the comfort and cheer of the boys, is just the
more necessary, for often it can be carried on right on the
firing line and much of the assistance given is more vital
there than at any other point. It is the duty of the Salva-
tion Army to get at the men no matter at what cost, and
give them just what they need at the critical time.
The main point to be emphasized is that this work docs
not overlap any other agency, that from the experience of
the Salvation Army workers they can often do things of a
certain character and do them more efficiently than any
other body of workers, and the United States government
has recognized the essential and unique services which those
workers can render and commends their support and en-
couragement to the people of this Nation.
In this community the Salvation Army holds its own
valued place, which each year has been growing more stable
and more necessary to the town's development; it has dem-
onstrated that it did not overlap any other agency, that it
could do things that needed doing for this town, that no
other agenc> could, and it has warmed its way into our
hearts through its all around friendliness to the underdog.
We are now called upon to expand that recognition and
that support to take in the war activities which the organi-
zation is conducting successfully, and from the nature of
our response to all that concerns the safe conduct of this
war, we will not be chary of our financial support of this
part of it, which concerns so intimately and vitally the safe-
ty and comfort of our soldier boys.
—Editorial, Independent-Times, Streator, III.
THE RED CROSS MAN
AMELIA JOSEPHINE BURR.
Of the Vigilantes.
The long train of freight cars whined
nnd grumbled as it strove to stop. In
the doorway of a great low building a
•white capped and gowned woman re-
leased a sunny smile and, turning so
her voice carried into the building,
called out, "They are ours; get ready
for a rush."
Just how she could tell they were
"ours" would be hard to explain, for
at the moment she spoke hundreds of
the dirtiest, grizzliest men a woman
ever saw came fairly tumbling out of
the freight cars. A moment more she
was welcoming this muddy r "t)Ie with
n laugh and cheering wordv
Inside the building there were more
women, all spick and span in white,
with faces beaming, handing out good
"home cooked" food over spotless riled
counters. Some of the boys fairly ran
for the food; others went Into the long
batteries of baths, throwing out their
vermin ridden clothes to be sterilized
while they scrubbed their bodies back
to a healthy glow.
What luxury It all was—food, tables,
chairs, tilings to read, games to play,
paper for writing, a barber shop, a
movie theater and good, clean beds!
JNo one ever thought that these hap-
| py, smi'lng women might be tired, nor j
\vo>'« they tired then, even though all |
J day long they had been serving train i
! ufter train of French nnd English ■
| troops, literally thousands of them,
j Yet what did that matter? For these I
j boys that came at the end of a long
I day—these boys are "ours."
I If your boy is in France you may be j
sure he lias a song of praise for the ■
! :lne women at work in the railway
•anteens of our own Red Cross, for at
! e very important railway Junction there
is one of our Red Cross canteens and
at each canteen there are 18 women—
j real, true American women.
Broken with pain and weariness
And sapped with vile disease,
Back to the land of ruined towns,
Of murdered men and trees,
Through Switzerland from Germany
The trains of wreckage ran,—
And on the French frontier they found
A Red Cross Man.
And when to what had once been home
Those haggard exiles came,
Young wheat was green above the scars
Of steel and blood and flame
Round new built houses where once more
The work of life began.
And still they found to welcome them
A Red Cross Man.
There the husband clasped again
The wife he mourned as dead—
The child was on its mother's breast,
The old were comforted.
What wonder if they hope to find
The Angel of God's Plan
Who meets them at the heavenly gate
A Red Cross Man!
The Great American
Has a Great American Heart
WILLIAM GERARD CHAPMAN.
w- AM the Great American Dollar. I| in^. entered the great tight that Itigln 1 i
■ was born of Toil and Sweat and j might triumph, and Men and Dollars
8 sired by Human Kndeavor. Treats- were marshaled lo combat the enemy.
ured and trained by Thrift, 1 grew ; I changed to be of those that lin-
puwerful and competent to perforin 1 gered behind, for I was the mainstay
lor my masters the duties of a willing ! of my masters, but one day the call of
servant. Apprenticed to Irdugtry, I i the wounded In ti far country was
earned wages that repaid my sponsors i heard by them, and they sent me to
for their care and self denial. They I where the coffers of compassion wait-
loved me—not for myself alone, but ed to receive me. There by the ul-
for what I accomplished for human | chemy of humuti sympathy I was trans-
;:00d for by tireless labor 1 smooth*!'!i luted Into instruments of aid and re-
'he paths of their lives and the frui t j lief and healing. Beneath the banner
of my energy made sweeter their days. | of white bearing a blood red <toss i
A Sudden Awakening. i roiight the good tignt against pain ana
In i iping times of peace 1 grew self disease and death that the heroes who
complacent, and, forget tin.- the Spar-1 fell in the great war of Humanity
an character of my upbringing, be-1 against the Hun might be comforted
came more and more the slave of Lux-j and given new life.
ury. Thep suddenly came an awaken- Comfort for the wounded.
Ing. The forces of Good entered Into Now, on the thundering battle line
conflict with the Legions of Evil, nnd in my new identity I minister to the
battle rn■:> • upon the earth. The wounded, bringing them from blood
Land of th Free, where I had my be- soaked ramparts to bedb of comfort,
giving ease to maimed bodies, relief
to limbs writhing in torture, cooling
drafts to parched throats. And under
my beneficent ministrations the sons
of my masters are rescued from agony,
the hero youth of the land are re-
stored, or the last hours of the wound-
ed to death robbed of the grisly hor-
ror of neglect.
The flower of our young manhood
go In ever growing hordes to right
the world's wrongs. New legions of
the Great American Dollar must be
marshaled to equip the army that fol-
lows—the Red < 'ross Army that wages
its splendid fight against pain and
death behind the battle lines. Enlist
your dollars to light under the IteU
Cross banner, you who would staunch
the wounds of those who battle to
bring peace and safety to you and
yours and your home land—an thci
world, For thus is the Great Ameri-
can Dollar ennobled 1
tylUnitecl States Food Administration^
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The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 126, Ed. 1 Tuesday, August 20, 1918, newspaper, August 20, 1918; Norman, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc113831/m1/3/: accessed February 17, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.