The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 183, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 10, 1917 Page: 3 of 4
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THE NORMAN DAILY TRANSCRIPT
E ARMY IK EAST AFRICA
1 this was discovered, the curs ana
mounted scouts went after them. The
scouts happened unexpectedly upon a
! party of mounted Germans in a clear-
ing, rode Into theiu at full speed and
7 pulled them off their horses.
Clothing of Smut's Forces Torn N'ot 8 sl«n ,he enemy was In evl- j Airplanes and Motorcycles.
I dence and the cars came- to a halt In In addition to the armored cars.
to Shreds in Thornbush
open ground. Immediately they were most of the columns are outfitted with
showered with machine gun bullets ! airplanes and a cyclist corps, which
from all directions. p' 1 have ro. d Invaluable service.
They had accomplished their pur-j The Indian mountain : lierles, which
urn inr wrnv TIT poae of (lrnwlllR the enemy's tire, but are worked with Incredible speed and
BUT MtN AKl VtKl ill I While the lead pattered on the curs ll i accuracy by their crews, are the ad-
was Impossible to discover whence It J miration of the army.
j come. Finally the lending cur went ( Little by little the entire comple-
More Money Is Spent for Intoxicating
Liquors Than for Bread or for Clothes
By MORRIS SHEPPARD
United States Senator from I exu
Many Members of Destroyed German
Cruiser Koenigsberg's Crew Killed
or Captured—Armored Cars the
Joy of the Army.
Cape Town.—Because of the diver-
on and turned Into an abandoned na-
i tlve camp, still followed by the deadly
| stream of lend. The sharp-eyed ob-
server at last noticed a peculiar move-
ment of leaves on a ridge. The guns
were turned on the spot, and lu a Jiffy
raent of the German cruiser Koenlgs-
berg, destroyed by Admiral King-Hall
In the KuflJI river on July 11, 1915, is
being killed or captured. Many have
been taken In the northern operations,
and reports from General Northey,
an enemy muchlne-gun company was , whose columns are closing in from the
slty of Its units—Britons from the ' put out of business. The combined south, show that In the advance on
homeland, South African British, Bo- guns of the <?ar then peppered the
ers, East Indians, and South African ridges systematically, and by nightfall
natives—General Smuts' expedition In
German East Africa is known popu-
larly us the ragtime army. The ragged
army would be an even more appro-
priate designation, for mostly it Is
made up of men whose clothing is in
tatters. This is not due to the wear
and tear incidental to a rapid trek of
upward of a thousand miles, fighting
a good part of the way, which many
of the regiments have to their credit,
so much as to the fact that to get at
the enemy the men frequently have to
break by main force through Jungles
of thick thornbush, which tear their
clothing to shreds and scratch their
bodies from head to foot, so that on
emerging they generally present the
appearance of being horribly wounded
when not a bullet has touched them.
Little things like that, with marches
lasting from two o'clock In the morn-
ing at which time the columns when
practicable set out, until six o'clock In
the evening, without u drink of water
on the way, and often to go Into action
against machine-gun tire before rest-
ing, in no wise affect the spirit of the
troops. There is splendid rivalry among
the white and colored regiments, lu
endurance as well as in fighting. A
man feels keenly disgraced If his
strength falls him nnd he Is compelled
to fall out, so if he is stricken with
fever he keeps right on with his com-
rades and tries to Joke and sweat It
out of his system. The result Is that
the ragged army is made up of men
who literally are as hard as nails—
lean, agile, powerful fellows, clear of
eye and all skin and muscle.
Armored Cars Their Joy.
(he Infantry was in possession of the
northern slopes. During the night the
enemy retreated southward, and, when
and capture of Malangall a petty of-
ficer ami four sailors were taken, to-
gether with a 4.2-inch field howitzer
that had been worked by gunners from
CZAREVITCH STUDYING PROGRESS OF WAR
Low-Priced Car Fitted With a Home-Made Racer Body Built From Special
Patterns That Are Now on the Market.
LOOKS LIKE RACER
PATTERNS FOR MAKING NEW
BODY FOR POPULAR CAR.
Complete Transformation Is Easy by
the Employment of These Mate-
rials, if One Has Only a Little
Familiarity With Tools.
The trnnsformntion of a well-known
low-priced touring car Into a light two-
passenger car with lines suggesting
speed, can tie accomplished by any
person who has a little familiarity
with toolrf, nnd who will use as his
guide a set of patterns now on the
market. The materials required for
making the change can he secured at
any hardware store. The body for
which these patterns provide Is round-
ed, save at the radiator, anil has
straight lines that converge slightly
toward the front, making the car look
like a racer. The seat is set low, re-
quiring the occupants to extend their
feet straight in front of them. The
shape of the hood and cowl tends to
direct the wind over the heads of the
passengers. Just hack of the seat is
the 18-gallon gasoline tank which Is
oval in cross section. A saving in
fuel and tires results from tin; fact
that the body is very Ught. .lust back
of the gasoline tank lire carried the
spacious tool box and u spare tire. A
searchlight is mounted above the cowl.
—Popular Mechanics Magazine.
The liquor traffic is a permanent menace to tha
| nation. It is the distribution for profit of a habit-
I forming drug in liquid form, a seductive poison that
breaks down the vital processes of the body, destroys
i the capacity to resist disease, undermines intelligence,
! strength and health, impairs the moral sense, com-
j jioses the chief source of poverty, insanity, feeblemind-
I cdness, sickness, crime, and transmits a hereditary
taint that seriously handicaps posterity.
It is the enemy of virtue, honor, manhood, all that
life holds sacred, all that life holds true. It is divert-
I ing from productive channels a sum approximating two and one-half
| billions of dollars every year, representing an ever-growing proportion
ers In the big factories where. then.. , farningg 0f the people, a sum which would otherwise be used n.
rlous makes of big cars are produced, i • n * 1 .
Is evidenced by this picture. The hoy, building and improving homes, n providing for substantial needs Biu lt
MAY CALL THIS CAR HIS OWN
Texas Youth Converted a Toy That
Had Been Discarded Into an
Automobile That Was Real.
That all the Ingenuity In the auto-
mobile line Is not confined to the work-
down In Texas, where the prevailing
ambition Is to own a farm so It can be
mortgaged for an automobile, had the
as clothing, food, shoes, other coi >rts and necessities, for education, fo*
benevolent undertakings of all I mis.
It is time for the nation t<> act when more money is being spent
every year for intoxicating liqu< • than for bread or for clothes.
utesmanship that would permit $2,500,-
eacli year in the production of misery
the government might obtain a revenue
Surely it is a short-sighted
| 000,000 to be worse than wash
| and vico and shame in order th;
| of two hundred and twenty mi
There are legitimate sourt
few direct taxes on luxuries.
The czarevitch of Itussia, who may one day be chief of the largest army
in the world, Is here shown In his latest photograph studying a war mat
The Joy of the army Is the armored under the guidance of a distinguished officer,
cars. The value of these machines
manned by naval crews cannot be es-
timated. They have saved hundreds
of men from being killed and thou- I
sands from being wounded. They can |
locate the enemy's machine guns with-
out loss when ordinary methods would
be as futile as they would be costly In
a country which offers such extraor- |
dlnary facilities for concealment. An
Illustration In point Is furnished In ac- j
counts of the operations of one of Gen- j
eral Van Deventer's columns recently j
engaged In driving the Uermnns out ,
of the territory north of the Mahengc
swamps, where they are now kraaled.
The pursuit took the column Into a
mountain pass most admirably adapted
for the purpose of a trap. As was
surmised, the Germans had not failed
to take advantage of the opportunity
to make a stand. The road led through
a gap up Into a narrow nek In a horse-
shoe of high wooded hills from which
every Inch of the Inclosed space was
commanded. The armored cars, one
at a time, went on toward the nek
GO MEN'S WORK
British Government Appreciates
Efforts Put Forth by
ARE NO LONGER DOMESTICS
Scarcely a Trade But What Has Its
Female Employees — They Are
Even Replacing Men In Build-
ing, Mining and Quarrying.
London.—The far-reaching effect on
the Industrial ami commercial sltua-
while the infantry deployed to right tjon caused by the formation of
nnd left of the hills and began the
ascent. Nothing happened for awhile
NIECE OF CARRANZA
army of almost five million men can-
not be underestimated, and the gov-
ernment was not long In realizing the
vital importance of maintaining the
.output of articles required for the war
and export trade. The wonderful ef-
forts accomplished by the women of
Great Britain in taking the places of
men who have joined the colors are
known In a general way to the Ameri-
can public, but It Is impossible, with-
out living in England, to form an ac-
curate impression of the extent to
which the women have answered the
Special efforts are now being made
Other Important Industries which
show a numerical decline are laundry
work, dressmaking. confectionery,
printing and bookbinding, linen, lace
and silk, but In all these groups some
women are directly replacing men, nnd
in many individual firms in these nnd
other groups a decline lu the number
of women simply means that some of
the women have left to go to men's
work and have not been replaced.
In Every Trade.
Women nre directly replacing men
(only In comparatively small numbers)
even In building, mining and quarry-
ing. They are replacing them in con-
siderable number in most of the metal
industries, though not on the main
processes in Iron and steel works. In
the cotton trade no less than 25,000
females are returned as directly re-
placing males, though In other textile
Industries (except hosiery) progress
has been less marked.
In the food trades there have been
very interesting cases of substitution.
In grain milling the number of women
and girls employed has risen since
July, 1011, from 2,000 to 0.000; In
sugar refining, from 1.000 to 2.000, and
In brewing, from 8.000 to 18.000; the
increase In these trades is almost en-
tirely due to the direct replacement of
men by women.
Women nre also doing men's work to
an appreciable degree In tanning and
leather working, sawmllllng and wood-
working, glass, china, earthenware and
One of the most striking new devel-
opments is the introduction of women
clerks into banks and financial houses.
In agriculture the process of substi
An unusual case of backfiring and
misfiring was recently reported to the
writer. The owner of the car found
that the motor would sometimes fire on
four cylinders and at other times only
two would be in operation. After check-
ing up on the carburetor adjustments
nnd examining the spark plugs and the
remainder of the ignition system, the
trouble apparently disappeared.
It returned again, however, and the
Ignition system and carburetor again
were given us probable causes. It was
not until the hood was lifted while the
motor was misfiring that the real cause
was determined. The exhaust valves
of cylinders No. 1 and No. 4 were
A Child's Toy Automobile, a Part of
an Old Wash Boiler and a Small
Motor Are the Component Parts of
This Little Machine.
auto-bug himself. The farm and mort-
gage seemed too remote for his earnest
longing, so he made his own car. Tak-
ing an old, battered toy automobile
that some child of wealth had discard-
ed, lie attached thereto the little mo-
tor from a bicycle. The hood he Im-
provised from part of an old wash
holler. The steering apparatus he
made himself. When the machine was
complete it made the trip to town, a
distance of several miles, in fairly good
time for its size. It is still giving
service.—Popular Science Monthly.
of revenue vet untouched. There aro
The income tax has little more than
scratched the surface of enorin us wealth. There is no federal inheri-
tance tax. Nonalcoholic bevei ts are untaxed. The national domain,
with measureless mineral reso: --ees, water powers, forests and the like,
could be managed so as to ]>r >duce a yearly usufruct of fifty or ono
It is an evil transccndiir: tlio scope of police powers that pertain
to the morals, the health, the physical safety of state populations, although
it is partially within the scope of such powers.
It portends economic disaster for the nation. The nation is threat-
ened ^nd the nation must act.
The preservation of the republic demands that the traffic in intoxi-
cating liquors shall cease. It is an evil of such proportions and of such
character that the nation must take part in the struggle against it.
Burned Olive Oil in Rear Light.
Two motorists attended a dance tit a
suburban Inn the other night, and when
they started for the city early in the
morning, found that there was no oil In
the rear light on their motor car. A
trip through the park and city streets
without the rear light meant certain
arrest. There wasn't a garage in the
neighborhood, and no motorist conve-
sticking nt short Intervals. When they j n|ent who woll|j t]„.m ,,11.
were not sticking, the motor naturally I |ia,j a|Mlln concluded to enmp out in the
operated well, but every few minutes | (,ur a)] njR)lt When one „f the pair ex-
one or the other or hoth would re- | eiaimed; got It!" and disappeared
main open. The valves were removed | insid.> the Inn. After a moment's con-
by the British government to give to | tution made slow progress during the
Carranza Is the favorite niece
of President Carranza of Mexico.
Miss Carranza is visitor New York;
fhe is of the typical Spaniard type.
When at home she lives at the "pal-
cice" with the president.
the world a more adequate knowledge
of the success attained by women In
nearly all branches of men's work.
According to official statistics which
have just been Issued by the war office
806,000 women and girls have stepped
forward to take the places of men In
various occupations. This figure does
not Include domestic service or em-
ployment in the millinery or dress-
making trade, nor does It comprise the
women who have taken so active a
part In Ited Cross work since the be-
ginning of the war. The latter alone
Include more than 27,000.
Women Munition Workers.
A very large proportion of the total
mentioned is, of course, due to the ad-
vent of the woman munition worker,
and while it is quite true that many
of these women are not, strictly speak-
ing. taking the places of men. It Is
nevertheless an undeniable fact that
they nre doing what before the war
was regarded as strictly men's work.
Munition work, however, is only a part
! of women's industrial activity.
A high authority of the British gov-
I eminent, to whom the Sim Is Indebted
for these facts, Is authority for the
-tatement that there are very few In-
dustries or occupations In which the
number of women has not increased.
There are few In which some direct
substitution of female for male labor
I has not taken place. The chief in-
first 18 months of the war, hut an ac-
celeration is now noticeable. Besides
the regular women workers there Is a
large increase in the number of fruit
pickers, harvesters and other casuals.
Hallway employment furnishes a
particularly interesting series of ex-
periments in woman labor. Before the
war the British railway companies on-
ly employed about 11,000 women—
clerks, cleaners, attendants, etc. Ap-
proximately 33,000 are now employed.
The kind and amount of substitution
carried out varies from one railway
company to another. One 1ms In-
creased the number of its women
clerks from 70 to 1,520, nnd employs
also 18 women ticket collectors, 180
carriage cleaners, 55 engine cleaners
and 454 porters. Another, with nei-
ther women ticket collectors nor port-
ers, has 480 women carriage cleaners,
475 engine cleaners, 220 laborers lu
the workshops and 37 other women la-
borers. Yet another, with no women
engine cleaners or laborers, has 142
and it was found the stems were bad-
ly bent. New valves were installed and
the trouble vanished.
versatlon with a waiter in the cafe, he
appeared with two decanters of olive
oil. The oil was poured Into the dry
lamps, a match applied and after much
sputtering of wicks nnd flickering of
flames, the motorcar disappeared
down the highway, rear light blazing
according to law.—Philadelphia North
Payment of Adequate Wage Would Soon
Fil! Vacancies in United States Army
Oiling Valve Caps Rust Preventive.
It sometimes happens that when the
valves are round to require attention
of some sort the caps have become so
firmly rusted into place that it is im-
possible to move them in any ordinary
way. The best way to get the cap
started is to run the engine long | Recently a Chicago man hit upon a waste of public funds in the payment of a fair compensation by a gov-
enough for them to get heated through | „n,9Ue Bcheme „f making his aulomo- | cninK,nt to itg 6ervants. Another verv foolish objection seems to prevail
power for his . , . . ' . , . ,
' 1— T' - --1—' *■- — ""ldiers on the ground
At Sea in a Car.
By WARREN TUCKER
When more than half of the world's men are at each other's throats,
it is but little wonder the United States begins to feel like getting into
its fighting clothes. Nor is it any wonder army men should think their
branch of the government the all-important part'of the nation, when so
many people are talking arms and munitions. •
If it were necessary for this nation to raise, equip and maintain an
army of one and a half or two million men, the only fair method to raise
such an army would be by universal service. We need a standing army,
but I prefer to call this standing army national police force, and believe
this force should be paid an adequate wage.
If the government will offer $50 a month, board and clothing for
the services of young men fit for military duty, all the vacancies in Uncle
Sam's army will soon be taken. Don't imagine the army would be filled
with a mercenary herd, either. It would get the same kind of men as
under a universal-service policy.
The first objection to such a plan comes from (he professional poli-
ticians. who can see the cost of national policy only from the angle which
might affect the success of their party. 15ut the economist can see 110
and then pour colli water in the hollow
provided for the wrench.
i e. If the threads them by means .
properly treated When the automobile
Immediately after applying the wa-
ter set the wrench in place and give
it a jerk or a sharp tap v^lth a mallet.
This will practically always start the
cap. In this connection, however, pre
ventlon Is the best c
of the valve caps ai
put In plai
cur. Give the threads a coating of 1 started it will run at the
heavy oil and flake graphite and the m||eg an hour.
caps will always be easy to start. j The automobile is guided on hoard
— by means of a couple of grooved run-
No More Chauffeurs in Dominion. | ways, which run from the shore to the
The department of highways is gangplank and are brought to a
launching a campaign to popularize place on the oft deck immediately be-
the examination of motorcar drivers. tWeen the paddle wheels.
Up*to the present It has not been con-
in some quarters. It is objection to paying our
That idea lias bet
furnish the motive
This is accomplished by fitting they should serve the army from patriotic duty.
spurred-sprocjcet wheels to the hubs of lmuae<} down to „s frorn history. Cnder the same
the car's rear wheels, nnd keying slm- \ , , , , . , . . . t i u i if 41
liar but larger ones to the paddle should preach fur the sake of ( hristianity, teachers should teach for the
wheels of the boat, nnd connecting love of imparting learning, doctors should give their services for the
f link-chain belts. cause of humanity without price. It is foolish to believe payment of
preventive when they are s0 thnt „,e renr wheels nre'ch'ar of! wages to a man from his government kills that man's patriotism. Oil
>. this trouble will never oc- the ^ck and the engine of the car Is the contrary, there are many patriotic young men who would join the
f six '
i.rmT, but they cannot afTord to donate four of the best years of their
lives to a government able to pay lor all tlue lervice it gets.
sldered feasible to require all drivers
of motor vehicles to pass an examina-
tion and the proposal that permits be
issued to all drivers, without examina-
tion, ns a halfway step, is still under
consideration. In the meantime, how-
ever, the department is starting with
professional drivers, who are now com-
pelled to pass nn examination and se-
cure a certificate. In the future these
certificates will be known as "opera-
tors' certificates." instead of being la-
beled "chauffeur," and a neat button
will take the place of the badge that
the men have had to wear In the past.
—Toronto Mall and Empire.
Bath Towel Is Counterfeit.
Chicago.—A Turkish towel, a replica
of a five-dollar bill, which had been on
exhibition In a local saloon, has been
confiscated by government secret serv-
ice operatives. The towel, 3 feet D
Inches long nnd 1 foot 10 inches wide,
contains all of the coloring, figures and
stances of decline in numbers of worn- serial numbers of a piece of currency,
en employed nre domestic service and all woven Into It.
employment in small drjssmaklng ~
One of the bartenders, It was assert-
ed, purchased it In South America.
The self-service Idea has invaded the
realm of the garage. Just as one can
enter certain restaurants or groceries
and help himself and be charged for
what he gets, so now a car owner can
take his automobile into one of the
separate compartments provided In a
Seattle garage, procure tools at the
garage office and do his own repairing.
When he has finished he returns tin-
tools to the office and is charged ac-
cording to the time he has occupied the
room and for the tools he has used.
These private repnir spaces can be
locked so that one can safely leave his
work and return nnd finish It later. If
i helper is desired, one can be pro-
cured at a specified rate.
If you feel that your car is Siting
up more gas than It should, have It ex-
amined by some competent mechanic.
Perhaps your carbureter is not proper-
ly adjusted and you are using too rich
a mixture. Perhaps there is something
Vocational Training Vital Factor in
Industnal Preparedness of the Nation
By REPRESENTATIVE HORACE M. TOWNER ol low.
We arc greatly concerned about our military preparedness, and are
wrong with the compression, and this : spending hundreds of millions to correct our defects in that regard. But
apparently we are little concerned about our industrial preparedness.
We have seen our commerce driven from the seas. We have seen the mar-
kets of the world controlled by our trade rivals. We only prosper under
normal conditions by furnishing wi^h rude work I be raw material for
those better trained to fashion for use. Theirs is the higher employ-
ment. Theirs is the greater profit. With the greatest opportunity, with
the greatest natural resources, wi.th the best human intelligence available
in all the world, we see ourselves vanquished in every industrial campaign.
Our indolence, our conceit and want of preparation are our constant
Every boy vocationally trained is a vital factor in our problems.
He is taken from the waste and useless, or the dangerous and destructive
ter over the carburetor and Intake j class, and immediately becomes a dynamic unit making for the progress
should be tested. Oftentimes the
trouble can he traced to leaks In the
gas line around the Joints, and all that
needs to be done to fix matters Is a
little tighter screwing of the unions.
Don't let your gas bill keep increas-
ing when you can cut it down. What's
the use of throwing money away?
Car Starts Hard on Cold Mornings.
If you are not already using anti-
freeze solution In your radiator, we
suggest letting the water out at night
and filling the system with hot water
in the morning. In case you cannot do
this, you might try pouring boiling wa-
piping before cranking the engine. You
should open the carburetor adjustment
wider than the usual running position,
in order to insure plenty of gasoline
and also shut off the uir intake to the
carburetor by means of the shutter,
which is provided. In very cold weath-
er you may have to apply hot water
! to the carbureter more than once, nnd
1 you should take care that no water can
I cuter the carbureter.
of our industries and the development of our trade. There is no invest-
ment that society can make that will yield such large dividends as an
industrial organization trained and effective. There is no adjunct making
for social betterment and a wider diffusion of happiness than industrious
pmbitious, energetic workingmen. There is no better way to elevate ami
dignify labor than to train it, to educate i^, to make it efficient. That
is why industrial education is bo necessary. That is why government
nust become interested in the vocational training of its citizens.
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Burke, J. J. The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 183, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 10, 1917, newspaper, February 10, 1917; Norman, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc113402/m1/3/: accessed February 21, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.