The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 132, Ed. 1 Monday, December 4, 1916 Page: 3 of 4
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norman daily tran script
\UE HIGH cost of living Is ter-
rlble expensive nowadays,"
Louis Birsky the real estater
remarked, ms he seated himself opi o-
slte Barnet Zapp in Wasserbaure's
Restaurant. This observation had
been provoked by a notice in the bill of
fare that on and after a certain date
the 40 cent regular dinner would be
increased to 50 cents, and Zapp looked
up from a plate of lokshen soup to in-
dorse Birsky's sentiment with a nod so
emphatic that drops of the greasy fluid
were scattered all around.
"I bet yer," Zapp said, cleansing his
mustache with his lower lip. "Only
this morning I see it costs Marcus Fast
two thousand dollars for an automo-
"You don't tell me!" Louis ex-
"And Harris Shapolnik must also got
to pay for some diamonds fifteen hun-
dred dollars," Zapp continued, while
Birsky wagged his head from side to
side and made incoherent noises
through his nose indicative of shocked
"I always thought them two fellers
was pretty saving with their money,"
"A couple of tighter propositions
don't exist at all," Zapp agreed.
"Then what do they go to work and
buy all them things for?" Birsky asked.
"Who says they bought 'em?" Zapp
a iked. "All I says Is that Marcus Fast
pays two thousand dollars for an auto-
mobile and Harris Shapolnik pays fif-
teen hundred dollars for some dia-
monds, understand me, but it was Ja-
cob J. Rebfleld who bought the auto-
mobile and Sara PItz bought the dia-
monds. Also I could prove it to you,
Jblack on white."
Here he produced a clipping which
tead as follows:
Rebfleld & PItz.—Schedules in the
bankruptcy of Rebfleld & Pitz, cloak
and suit manufacturers, were filed In
the office of the clerk of the United
States District Court yesterday. The
principal creditors are as follows:
Franco-American Woollen Co.$21,432.56
Kosciusko Bank (secured) 10,642.80
M. Fast & Co 2.080.45
H. Shapolnik & Son 1,625.00
"What did them Franco-American
people pay for?" Birsky asked.
"I couldn't tef! you exactly," Zapp
replied, "but you could reckon twenty-
five hundred dollars that Mrs. Reb-
fleld must got to go to Palm Beach a
year ago, understand me, and another
couple thousand that Bertha Pitz is
the Belle of the Boardwalk in Arverne
last summer, Birsky, and that's the
■way it goes."
"Them two boys certainly lived be-
yond their means," Zapp said.
"And it ain't their fault that they
didn't live beyond Marcus Fast'i
means and Harris Shapolnik's means
also, because when a business man
starts in to live beyond his means,
Birsky, he's got a downtown con
science and an uptown conscience.
That's why when Rebfleld buys his au-
tomobile on Broadway and Fifty-sev-
enth Street for net cash, he didn'
worry himself how much he owes to
couple of Canal Street woollen houses
like Marcus Fast and Harris Shapol-
"Ain't it funny how most of them ex-
travagant fellers is got such an elegant
reputation for good pay?" Birsky said.
"On the West Side above Forty-sec
<ond Street," Zapp amended. "And
that's what I'm telling you, Birsky
Marcus Fast pays for Rebfleld's auto
mobile, just so sure as if he would of
"You ought to be careful what yon
are saying. Zapp," he advised. "From
a big mouth many a feller comes to
pay fifty dollars for a smart lawyvr
to get a libel case thrown out of court
"A rabbi would tell you the same
what 1 do, Birsky. The difference be-
tween a sneak thief and a feller which
lives beyond his means is that the
sneak thief robs only from perfect
"What do you mean—robbing?" Bir-
sky protested. "According to you, if
a feller buys a couple thousand dollars
goods which he needs it in his busi-
ness, understand me, on credit sixty
days, y'understand, and then he
couldn't pay for 'em, understand me,
te is robbing already. An idee 1"
"I dldu't say no such thing," Zapp de-
clared. "All I says is If a feller buys a
couple thousand dollars goods which he
needs in his business on sixty days'
credit, and he couldn't pay for 'em on
account he is buying for net cash an
automobile which he didn't need and
couldn't afford, understand me, then
he is robbing, Birsky, and that's all
there Is to it."
"How do you know Rebfleld gives
cash for the automobile, Zapp?"
"A question!" Zapp exclaimed. "Au-
tomobiles is always sold for cash, Bir-
sky, in especially to fellers which Zapp inquired.
ouldn't afford an automobile, under- "Just fifteen hundred dollars," Blr-
stand me, because if such a feller sky admitted.
would buy one on ten days' credit only, ' "And do you think you would got
tinned. -Mecauw for ■ thousand dol-
lars only, Zapp, you could get a oar uilt
thirty-five horsepower ulready, five
passenger body, electric self-starter
and lighter and everything up to date.
Such a car Is a geu'wlne bargain at
one thousand dollars."
"If you could afford the thousand
dollars, Birsky," Zapp said, "which the
way the realestate business Is dead
nowadays, Birsky, you've got about us
much chance as I've got to buy a thou-
sand dollar automobile."
Birsky hid the lower one-third of
his blushes in a cup of coffee.
"The fact is," he said at last, "I've
got maturing on nie this week for fif-
teen hundred dollars an endowment
policy, Zapp, and If you would come up
to my house next Sunday morning we'll
take u little run out to Ozone Grove,
and I'll show you them lots I was talk-
ing to you about."
"You mean them lots they threat-
ened last month to foreclose on you.
Birsky?" Zapp asked.
Birsky's face grew a shade more
"I paid 'em two hundred dollars a
bonus, and they gave me a three-year
extension," he explained huskily and
gulped down the remainder of his cof-
"How much was that mortgage?"
RAILROAD WARNING FOR MOTORISTS
Industrial Power of Europe Being Made
Stronger, Not Weaker, by the Big War
By E. N. HURLEY
Chairman Federal T rede t nmmunon
Day or Night
Thla Roadaide Signal
Guard! the Wary
the Dangers of a
SPRINGS D CM
Automobile Will Not Last Long if
Those Accessories Are Sub-
ject to Abuse.
PLAIN WARNING POSTS
STRAIN ON THEM IMMENSE
Lack of Proper Lubrication Is a Fre-
quent Cause of Their Breaking
Down—Once Impaired Repair
Work Is Very Difficult
EXCUSE FOR THE DRIVER
WHO RUNS BY THESE.
■There is More Feller* Feel* Like Committing Murder the Day After On
'He Didn't ^orry Himself How Much
made out a check to the order of the
feller that sold it, Birsky, and all them
diamonds Bertha Pitz wears should
ought to be hanging on Mrs. Shapol-
nik right now. In fact, Mrs. Shapolnik
don't know It, Birsky, but Sam Pitz
stole them diamonds from her."
Birsky si Nigged nis shoulders depre-
and in between times his rent or life
insurance falls due, understand me, it
would take so much enjoyment out of
riding In the automobile, that right
away he finds out the linings ain't up
to sample or the buttons ain't sewed
on correct or something. The automo-
bile dealers figured it right, Birsky. I
wish the waist business was on a C. O.
D. basis, too. Because a concern which
sells goods for cash, Birsky, never gets
uo cancellations from nobody."
"Never mind, Zapp. You would see
that pretty soon the automobilers
would sell on credit, too. People ain't
going to be so crazy to buy automo-
biles, now that gasolene is shoved up
so high," Birsky said.
"Well, that don't change my plans
any," Zapp replied, "because the way
the waist business is after Christmas,
Birsky, if I owned the Hudson Hiver
and automobiles was run with water,
I couldn't afford a pushcart even."
"Even so, Zapp, there's lots of fel-
lers in the delicatessen business which
is obliged to run automobile deliveries,
and for every penny they've got to
pay more on gasolene, they stick two
cents a pound on pastrami oder Frank-
"That again Is something for a
manufacturer of sodamint oder pepsin
tablets to worry about, not me, Birsky.
Anyhow, Birsky, if cigar stores
couldn't sell cigarettes to minors un-
der the age of sixteen, there ought to
be a law prohibiting dlicatessen deal-
ers from selling their machshovos to
adults over the age of twenty-five. In
fact, Birsky, if Kansas and Maine
would go prohibition on delicatessen
Instead of schnapps, Birsky, not only
would it be better for business, y'un-
derstand, but there would be less
crimes also, on account there 1 more
fellers feels like committing murder
the day after one delicatessen supper
than ten minutes after a hundred high-
balls, and don't you forget it. And
that's only one reason why Boekefeller
ain't doing no harm by putting up the
price of gasolene, because when I am
getting heart trouble from crossing
Fifth Avenue at 4 o'clock in the after-
noon, I wish automobiles was run, not
with gasolene, but with benedictine
oder bay rum at a dollar thirty-five a
"That's where you're making a big
mistake, Zapp," Birsky said. "Nowa-
days for an up-to-date feller, In a way,
an automobile is, so-to-speak, practic-
ally a necessity."
"A four thousand dollar automobile
is a necessity 1" Zapp cried.
"A four thousand dollar car I ain't
speakln' about at all," Birsky con-
the money when the three years 1
up?" Zapp Insisted.
"I don't know," Birsky retorted, "anfl
I don't care, Zapp. Because we onl)
live once, Zapp, and we are soon dead. '
"Sooner, even," Zapp concluded, "I
you ride fast enough in automobiles."
(Copyright, New York Tribune.)
It Is a well-known fact that pearl
fishers and divers do not live long.
They often have to dive for 100 feet
or more without any special outfit, and
the strain wears them out before their
lives are really half over. From a
depth of 100 feet a pearl diver usually
brings up two oyster shells at a time.
It is exciting work. The diver never
knows whether he has brought to the
surface a shell inclosing a priceless
gem or not. The Malay pearl divers
are, perhaps, the finest in the world.
When he is going to dive, the Malay
slowly lowers himself down from the
side of the boat to the water and takes
several breaths, each breath getting
deeper and deeper. Finally, he takes a
tremendously long breath, turns head
downward, and plunges into the ocean
depths. In two, three or perhaps four,
minutes his form Is seen in the water
coming up. His face is turned up-
ward. His strong hands beat the wa-
ter away from under him in vigorous
downward sweeps. His face looks ter-
ribly strained. At last, breathless, ex-
hausted, he reaches the surface and Is
hauled Into the boat, where he lies
quite still for a few moments, appar-
ently exhausted. But in comparative-
ly few minutes he is ready to plunge
That the springs require care or
mention whatever may surprise many
motor-car owners—at least It is some-
thing they have never really thought
of before That springs actually may
- e abused is something that has never
occurred to them except in u general
way. Driving over rough, holey or
"bumpy" roads at high speed nmy
cause damage—of course they will
readily agree to that—but that over-
loading, lack of lubrication or neglect
to keep the various parts tight could
cause trouble will be news to the ma-
The average owner does not under-
stand his springs as well as he does
most of the other parts of his ear.
Springs are just springs in his esti-
mation; he knows they are there to
absorb vibrations. Before he bought
his motor car he had springs on his
buggy and they lasted for years. He
never gave them auy attention, yet it
was rarely that one broke.
But there is a vast difference be-
tween the duty of a carriage spring,
driven slowly, and that of an auto-
mobile tearing over the roads at 40
miles an hour. The strain on the
springs increases as the square of
the speed, so that the strain at GO
miles per hour Is not six times what
it is at ten, but six times six or
Obviously, then, It is a mistake to
treat automobile springs with the same
Inattention as those of a horse-drawn
The greatest abuse automobile
springs fall heir to is lack of lubrica-
tion. These members are starved
more than any other because It is or-
dinarily next to impossible to lubri-
cate the leaves properly. Spring
leaves, however, must be adequately
lubricated, if rust and subsequent
breakage Is to be prevented. In an
ordinary set of springs there are
about 5,000 square Inches of bearing
surface, giving great frlctlonal resist-
ance If the movement of one leaf on
another Is not free and even. If this
Is not the case, the tires then have to
assume part of the work of the
springs, and the motorist will prob-
ably sooner or later have a break.
Nothing, by the way, is more annoy-
ing to have happen on the road than
the breakage of a spring. The car is
practically helpless and the repair Is
difficult and slow.
Recently Placed In Position on a Wast*
ington Road, They Are Effective
Both Day and Ni ht.
In order that motorists who happen
to be unfamiliar with the dangers that
lie In their road on the approach to a
railroad crossing whlgh is near IjUth-
ervllle, Md„ n railroad compffny whose
tracks run to that city his Installed
warning posts which can be plainly
seen day or night. After dark, a pow-
erful electric lump behind n reflector
illuminates the warning posts which
tells them that a dangerous railroad
crossing exists 350 feet ahead of them.
The cross arms can be seen and read
easily In the daytime, as they are
placed in a conspicuous position. A
bright red glass In back of the lamp,
the conventional danger signal, makes
the warning sign doubly effective. The
scheme was devised by Walter It. M.
Moulton, an Illuminating engineer.—
Popular Science Monthly.
When we think of Europe now we are apt to think
of a continent engulfed in war, devastated and disor-
dered. I want to say that we must correct that impres-
sion. Europe is reorganizing her industries. Under
the stress of a life-and-death struggle every effort is
being made to obtain the highest efficiency in the pro-
duction, the distribution and the use of commodities of
all kinds. Blasted and shattered to pieces in the shock
of war, old systems that normally would have hung ou
for years have been discarded in a day. Old equipment
that would have been retained for years has been
scrapped as fast as (tossiblc for the installation of the most advanced
types. New processes are being discovered, new inventions being mads
and new forms of organization are being created.
Ix-t mo illustrate: Industrially France has been the land of highly
individualized production, but ou a small scale. Today she lacks human
hands. In that country little farms that for generations have been culti-
vated by hand or with the aid of a horse or bullock or two, are being
thrown together and farmed co-operatively by tractorB, gang plows and
the most modern agricultural implements in the world. France knows
that now and in the future she must rely upon machinery. Her business
men are studying American systems of manufacture and soon the Ameri-
can idea will be predominant all over our sister republic.
Within five years we shall find a new Europe competing against
us with war-sharpened brains and war-hardened muscles, not only in
foreign markets but right here at home. If our industries are not to bo
caught slow of mind and flabby of muscle, we must improve our business
organization, must increase our manufacturing and merchandizing effi-
cieucy and must keep pace with every step iu Europe's industrial progress.
HANDY TO CARRY IN AUTO
Shovel That Folds Takes Up Littlf
Room and Is Invaluable When
Digging Is Necessary.
Campers, especially those having an
automobile for use In hunting, fish-
ing and touring work, will be Interest-
ed in this shovel, recently put on the
market by a Kansas City firm. The
handle telescopes, so that there Is
little room taken up when the shovel
Is packed for a trip. This telescoping
handle can be locked at two different
As Bad as a Mule.
"Yes," said the mighty hunter, "It's
an old gun, I grant you. But what
times we've had together!" He fon-
dled it, stock and barrel, as if it were
a child. "Ah, many a time I might
have been a dead man but for this out-
"Looks as though It had a rather
hefty kick in it," said the young sol-
"Oh, I should say so! It's got the
fiercest recoil that any rifle ever had.
That's what makes it so valuable. Why,
once out in the Rockies a grizzly bear
was charging me. I fired—and missed.
Believe me, if it hadn't been for the
fact that the kick in this rifle Jerked
me back thirty yards and enabled me
to reload—well, I shouldn't be talk-
ing to you today. Yes; it's got a
great deal of kick!"
Then they arose and gave him and
his gun another.
Universal Military Service Intensely
American in Its Origin and Conception
By ROBERT BACON
Former Secretary of State
Universal military training and service is constantly misrepresented
as un-American and tending toward militarism. Nothing could be further
from the facts.
Universal military training and service is not only intensely Ainerw
can in its origin and conception, but in its very nature. Nothing could
be more democratic. It equalizes and distributes the burden of civic re-
sponsibility. Universal service is universal patriotism. The rich man and
the poor man, the man from the country and the man from the city arl
called upon to contribute, each one his share, to the common national wel-
fare. It throws together in the same company, the same ranks, the same
tent, men of all classes, and gives to each man that better knowledge of
and appreciation of his fellow citizen from another walk of life, by which
alone we can overcome class distinction, which is fatal to true democracy.
All men must serve a common cause, the nation, without discrimination
and without favor. .
The bugaboo of militarism in connection with universal training has,
been bred through ignorance and misstatement. Militarism is a spiritual
and physical impossibility in a democracy. It presupposes a tyrant or dio
tator, which the American people would not tolerate for a moment.
Town Planning Does Not Mean Heavy
Financial Burden for the Citizens
Br THOMAS H. MAWSON
Special Lecturer t Univeriity ol Liverpool, England
lengths, so that It may be used at
close quarters for "skinning" or for
digging, as desired. The shovel weighs
but two pounds, is nickel plated and
the blade Is of high-carbon steel. When
not in use for autolng parties it may
be used for various other purposes, ol
course. By turning the lock rings the
handle nay be stopped for extension
or telescoping, either.-—Farming Busi-
Abuse Extra Power of Motor.
"Responsive to the popular demand
for more power, designers are con-
stantly placing larger motors in their
cars. The judicious use of this added
power is far less general than the
above. Many drivers are not content
unless the throttle is wide open," says
a local expert.
"Figures show the average life of
the modern racing car to be one year.
Yet the average motor car is fre-
quently driven with the ferocity of a
racing car and is expected to last sev-
eral times longer. The motor designed
to make a maximum speed of 60 miles
an hour is Intended to be driven but a
quarter or possibly half this speed in
general use. This difference between
the speeds at which the car ought to
be run and the car can run. Is provid-
ed as a safety factor for emergency
use. And still cars stand up remark-
Auto License* on Garage.
It's easy enough to tell how long
a farmer has had his auto. The fact
is proclaimed to every passerby who
will but read the signs on the side of
the farmer's garage. For it has be-
come an established custom with the
farmer to tack his auto licenses in so-
guence on the side of Ills garage, and
you always can add the one at pres-
eat on the car.
In the not very distant past many
automobile manufacturers gave but
casual attention to the balancing of
their engines trusting to the vibra-
tions of the road to disguise those due
to the engine or divert attention from
the engine builder to the road builder
or to the tire maker. Great improve-
ments have been made, however, for It
has been realized that proper balanc-
ing means much to the efficiency and
life of the entire machine, as well a."
Increased comfort to the user, and the
advent of the eights and twin sixes
brought the subject still closer to the
designer. There is still much that can
be done in the way of balancing mov-
ing parts and eliminating vibrations,
and our best engineers are giving the
subject careful study, although the fre-
quent changes of model delays the re
Why waste a big patch on a little
nallhole puncture? You can get Just
as good results in a much mote eco
nomlcal way. Pick out the hole till
you have a clean perforation; roughen
with sandpaper; apply cement, allow
Ing It to dry twenty-flve or thirty min
utes; then roll up a small plug ol
tube stock just large enough to fill thf
hole. Cure live minutes on the flrsl
plate. The pressure will form the plug
Into a sort of rivet on the Inside ami
the repair will hold Just as well as t
Beauty should be an inherent quality of the object sought to b«
obtained, and not a superimposed part of it. As Mr. William law Olm-j
stead long ago declared that a yacht in motion is the most beautiful object
ever created by man; yet, as he pointed out, every yard of canvas, everJj
spar and rope and foot of hull had been constructed for speed and effi-
ciency only. Everything on it is of use; yet, as a whole, it is a perfect
work of art.
There is beauty, I think, of the highest kind in a machine shop, with
its long rows of shafting, wheels and belting. There is beauty in a long
clean room full of women at their noonday meal. There iB beauty, I think,
in a room full of clerks working under splendid lighting conditions, and
therefore I am always telling my people that beauty is not a thing to be
superimposed upon an object, but should be an inherent element of it.
Town-planning is not the attempt to pull down your city and rebuild
it at ruinous expense, but it is merely deciding upon a settled policy along
which to work, so that from time to time, when the opportunity occurs,
you may do a little toward converting it into the ideal city of your dreams,
and so gradually and by degrees, making use of each opportunity as it
occurs, and generally spending only money which would be spent in soma
way or another in any case, you gradually attain to a better order of things.
"Mile-a-Minute" Fiction Bad for Boys
For It Gives a False Idea of Values
By CHARLOTTE A BAKER
Of Colorado Agricultural College
The manufacture of "mile-a-minute fiction" is a good paying busn
ness. A man with a marked facility for writing "ripping plots" is the
manager. He outlines his plots and parcels them out to the group of men
who work under him, and among them all they produce twenty, thirty,
and, in the case of one well-known manager, fifty thrillers a year. Uo
not think that these books come out in cheap paper bindings. No indeed I
Externally they are well groomed, have attractive bindings, and are often
displayed on the juvenile counters of reputable book stores for fifty cents
each. Boys like these tales because they express the spirit of the old
Men of action, men of might!
Stern defenders of the right!
Are you girded for the fight ?
But the difficulty "with the "mile-a-minute fiction" is that it give*
lh« boy a false idea of values, and destroy* his imagination.
Here’s what’s next.
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Burke, J. J. The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 132, Ed. 1 Monday, December 4, 1916, newspaper, December 4, 1916; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc113355/m1/3/: accessed January 23, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.