The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 13, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 19, 1915 Page: 3 of 4
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norman daily tran script
USUI CALOMEL HAKES II SIGKI
CLEM LIBJfJIElS W WW
Just Once! Try "Dodson's Liver Tone" When Bilious, Consti-
pated, Headachy—Don't Lose a Day's Work.
View or Poia
P at the head of the Adriatic lie Europe. As a trade center It has
U Austria-Hungary's only sea-
coast possessions, Trieste, Is-
tria and Flume, and, not tar in-
land, Trent, all of which Italy
has long coveted. Of these provinces
and cities writers for the National
Geographic society have this to say:
Across the Gulf of Venice from Italy
lies the rich Austrian province of 1s-
tria, formerly Venetian, a thick, irreg-
ular triangle wedged into the North
Adriatic, with Its mainland base de-
flnedly a line from Trieste in the north
to Fiume in the south, and with Pola
at its apex.
Istria, the ancient Histrla, contain-
ing, with its neighboring islands, 1,912
square miles, is an Austrian crown-
land, and forms part of the modern
territorial division known as the coast
districts. Its coastline is well indent-
ed, but the shores in much of their
extent are steep and forbidding.
Mountainous rock masses cross the
land from north to south, culminating
tin Monte Maggiore, about 4,600 feet
Olives and figs are cultivated in the
region, and Istria's grapes and wine
are famous. There is little garden,
though considerable rich pasture land,
and the forests of the peninsula sup-
ply the material for a large native
ship-building industry. Its fisheries
are very valuable, and it has a small
mineral yield, coal, alum and salt.
There is little or no local manufactur-
ing, except the building of ships. It is
as a shipping point, as a land of ports
and strategic commercial and military
naval bases, however, that Istria is
most desirable. The shipping of its
harbors amounts to more than 7,000,-
000 tons annually. The population of
Istria is about 350,000, 40 per cent of
■whom are Serbo-Croats, and 34 per
cent Italians. In its early history Is-
tria was a famous pirate land. The
Romans subjugated the freebooters
here. From the late middle ages un-
til! the extinction of the Venetian em-
pire in 1797, Venice ruled the greater
part of the peninsula, while only the
northeastern portion belonged to Aus-
Pola a Strong War Port.
Pola, the formidable Austrian war
port, Is but a few hours' steaming
across the Adriatic from the rich east-
ern coast cities of Italy. It is the
chief naval station and arsenal of the
dual monarchy and one of the best-
protected ports in the world.
Pola lies at the southern apex of the
Istrian peninsula, about 53 miles
south of Trieste. Its almost completely
landlocked harbor is one of the finest
of Europe, and upon its roomy, well-
guarded surface a great fleet could
ride safely at anchor. The harbor has
an area of three and one-third square
miles, while beyond the channel en-
trance Is a fore-water dominated by
the guns of the Brionian islands.
History begins for this little-known
city with its first capture by the Ro-
mans in 178 B. C. Pola has been a
■war port since its appearance in the
ancient chronicles. It was once the
strongest and wildest of those Istrian
pirate retreats, where the rebellions
spirits of the Roman world-empire
gathered, and whence they made their
raid8 upon the rich commerce that
flowed from every eastern Mediter-
ranean port to Rome. The Romans
destroyed the place. Under the Em-
peror Septimus Severus, 193-211 A. D.,
It again became an important war
harbor, and its city grew to 50,000 in-
habitants. The trade rivals, Venice
and Genoa, fought each other for its
possession, as it was a key to the free-
dom of the Adriatic. Destroyed by
the Genoese in 1379, it continued un-
der the sovereignty of Venice until
1797, when it fell to Austria upon the
dismemberment of the Venetian state.
At Pola are situated the principal
dockyards, dry docks and repair shops
of the Austrian navy, together with
technical and scientific institutions
connected with the admiralty. Its
arsenals contain vast naval stores
equal to the outfitting of a large fleet.
There are large naval and infantry
barracks, and several well-equipped
Trieste is the only great seaport of
Austria, a powerful commercial rival
of Venice and Genoa, the pride of Aus-
tria's Adriatic possessions, and a city
as important to Austrian development
as is New York to the development of
the United States. It has been an
Austrian possession for more than 500
years, and during this long association
It has earned the title from the central
Imperial government of "the most
Situated at the northeast angle of
the Adriatic sea, on the eastern shore
of the deeply indented Gulf of Trieste,
the port has been growing steadily in
importance as an outlet for the over-
sea trade of central and southeastern
long eclipsed its ancient rival Venice,
and it now practically monopolizes
the business of this Mediterranean
coast. Despite its lack of a natural
harbor, the geographical location of
the city is so favorable and its enter-
prise has been so fruitful, that it has
developed into one of the first ports
upon all the inland sea.
Trieste is a tremendously successful
business town, and, therefore, largely
a modern one. Its harbor facilities
are the best that modern technique
can devise, and many millions of dol-
lars have been expended in carrying
their undertaking to conclusion. In
1910, nearly 12,000 vessels, represent-
ing a total tonnage of about 4,200,000
entered and cleared at the Trieste har-
bor. The value of the imports which
these ships brought was about $117.-
000,000, while they carried exports
amounting in value to about $102,000,-
000. The chief imports are coffee,
rice, cotton, spices, ore, coal, olive
oil and Levantine fruits. Chief among
the exports are sugar, beer, wool, tim-
ber and n^any varieties of manufac-
Together with a surrounding area
of about 36 square miles, the city of
Trieste forms an Austrian crownland.
The municipal council of the city con-
stitutes at the same time the diet of
the crownland, which is little more
than a mountainous shell around the
immensely wealthy, life-crowded port.
The population numbers 229,475, ol
whom about 170,000 are of Italian de-
scent, 43,000 Slovenes and 11,000 Ger-
mans. The old town is a series of
steps upon the hillsides, while the new
town lies on a flat area that extends
around the bay in crescent form. The
new part of the city has been built
largely upon land reclaimed from the
sea; its streets are broad and straight
and its buildings are substantial and
modern in architecture. The old town,
on the other hand, consists ot narrow,
irregular, hill-scaling streets, and its
buildings preserve many quaint archi-
Hungary's Outlet to the Sea.
Fiume is the only outlet of the Hun-
garian kingdom to free water, and the
Hungarians have spent millions of dol-
lars in their endeavor to make it a
model port. There are several ha-
bors; one for coasting vessels, one for
timber, and a general harbor, begun
in 1872, and capable of accommodat-
ing about 200 large vessels. It is pro-
tected by a breakwater more than
half a mile in length, and Is flanked
by a great, modern quay more than
two miles long. The wharves and ele-
vators are equipped in the most up-to-
date fashion for the handling of a huge
inflow and outflow of trade. The wa-
ter front, as was the rest of the city, is
lighted by electricity.
Fiume is picturesquely situated at
the head of the Gulf of Quarnero, at
the southern base of the Istrian tri-
angle, 40 miles southeast of Trieste,
or about 70 miles away by the rail-
road through the mountainous coast-
land. The city has more than 50,000
population. The Italians constitute
the largest part of the populace, and,
together with the Slavonians, com-
prise about 90 per cent. Geographic-
ally, Fiume belongs to Croatia. In
1870, however, it finally became a part
of the Hungarian kingdom. Fiume oc-
cupies seven Bquare miles of land
carved out of Croatia. Around its wa-
ter front there is a narrow, level plain
upon which the new town is built, with
its convenient, modern groundplan,
fine business structures and generally
substantial architecture. The old
to\vn climbs the hills back from the
shore, straggling in a quaint disorder
if irregular, narrow streets and hap-
hazard houses. Views of the city and
its surroundings from the deck of an
approaching steamer are delightful,
and there are a number of pleasant
tours to be made in the neighborhood.
The county of Trent is a fascinating
bit of country nestling in the southern
hills and mountains ot Tyrol, linguis-
tically, culturally and geographically
Liven up your sluggiBh liver! Feel
fine and cheerful; make your wort a
pleasure; be vigorous and full of am-
bition. But take no nasty, danger-
ous calomel, because it makes you
sick and you may lose a day's work.
Calomel is mercury or quicksilver,
which causes necrosis of the bones.
Calomel crashes into sour bile like
dynamite, breaking it up. That's
when you feel that awful nausea and
Listen to me! If you want to enjoy
the nicest, gentlest liver and bowel
cleansing you ever experienced just
take a spoonful of harmless Dodson's
Liver Tone. Your druggist or dealer
sells you a 50 cent bottle of Dodson's
Based on verdicts by Mississippi Ju-
ries Law Notes recommends that state
as a place where money Is easy. The
case of Illinois Central railroad vs.
Dacus resulted In a verdict for $500
to a prospective passenger because a
ticket agent said "d n" to him;
while in Alabama, etc., Railroad com-
pany vs. Morris it appeared that a
liberal Jury gave $15,000 to a white
woman who was compelled to ride a
back guarantee that each spoonful short distance with three negroes, al-
will clean your sluggish liver better though the stingy court cut the ver-
than a dose of nasty calomel and that diet to $2,000.
it won't make you sick.
Dodson's Liver Tone is real liver j Reduced.
medicine. You'll know it next morn- j "They're having a marked-down sale
ing, because you will wake up feel- j of shoes at Blank's."
ing fine, your liver will be working, ! "I thought they iirlded themselves
your headache and dizziness gone, | on never cutting prices."
"Who said anything about city
prices? It's the sizes they've marked
your stomach will be sweet and your
Dodson's Liver Tone is entirely
vegetable, therefore harmless and
cannot salivate. Give it to your chil-
dren. Millions of people are using
Dodson's Liver Tone instead of dan-
gerous calomel now. Your druggist
will tell you that the sale of calomal
Liver Tone under my personal money- (is almost stopped entirely here.
SHOE TOKEN OF SUBJECTION
Ancient Significance of Custom Which
Is Now Looked Upon as
Merely a Joke.
As specially applied to weddings.
there is a suspicion that the throwing
of old shoes—or new slippers, for all
that—had at first a significance which
would surely be most objectionable to
twentieth-century brides. It seems to
have been a token of the complete
subjection of the bride to her lord
and master. In the East a shoe or a
slipper was publicly borne at the head
of the bridal procession in indication
of the bride's subjection, and at some
Jewish weddings the bridegroom used
to strike the bride a blow with his
shoe as a sign that she was thereafter
to be submissive to his will. Among
the Nestorians it was the custom for
the bridegroom to kick the bTide, and
for her to remove from his foot the
shoe with which he had kicked her.
To this day there is a common cus-
tom in Russia for the bridegroom on
his wedding night to require the bride
to pull off his boots. In one of them
is a whip, and in the other a gift. If
she pulls off first the one containing
the whip, she gets a stroke from the
lash, and is tn expect floggings there-
after, but if the gift is first disclosed
her married life will be happy. It is
related of Martin Luther that once,
after performing the wedding cere-
mony for a couple, he took off the
bridegroom's shoe and placed it upon
the bride's pillow, as a sign that silt
should in all things and at all times
be subservient to her husband.
BIG REWARD FOR INVENTIONS
British Government Is Encouraging
Ideas Tending to Improve Devel-
opment of Army Equipment.
That there are handsome rewards
for those who are able to devise im-
provements in guns and machinery is
shown in sums that have been paid in
fees to inventors at army ordnance
factories for the year ending March,
1914. No less than £4,000, for in-
stance, was paid to Col. C. L. Holden,
late superintendent of the royal gun
and carriage factories, for various in-
ventions and improvements connected
with ordnance mountings, machine
tools, etc., in addition to A) 500 paid on
another account; while £2,850 was
paid to Mr. W. T. Thomson, chemist
and manager, respectively, of the
Royal Gunpowder factory, for improve-
ments in the manufacture of nitro-
cellulose and accompanying apparatus,
in addition to a previous £1,150.
Smaller amounts, such as £250 to
Mr. W. H. Turton, manager of the
Royal Gun factory, for improved ma-
chines for the manufacture of ord-
nance; £100 to Mr. W. Lambert for a
process for testing steel bullets; £25
each to William Rogers and E. F. Pul-
lar for labor-saving and improved
tools for use at the Royal Carriage
department, and £20 to Assistant
Foreman S. Capon, Royal Gun Factory
forges, for improved muffle for use in
forges, have also been paid.—Tit-Bits.
"What kind of fiction does Fleecer
"Mainly promissory notes and 1 O
U's."—Boston Evening Transcript.
A man can be reconciled to any sort
of expenditure if none of th'e money
belonged to him.
The Height of Atrocity.
"I see the Germans are using km
instead of shot and shell." said Hark
away. "Could anything be more atro
"Oh. yes," said Dingleberry. "11
would be more atrocious if after u
ing the gas they should fire a volley
of gas bills at their victims labeled
Hubby came home from a club with
his white waistcoat badly spotted.
"How careless you are," said his
"Not at all." he replied. "You see,
they didn't have any menu cards, and
1 knew you'd want to know what we
had to eat."
Smile, smile, beautiful eV-ar whits
clothes. Red Cross Ball Blae, American
made, therefore best. All grocers. Adv.
Love is one of the few things that
is never displayed i n a bargain coun-
Sold upon merit—Hanford's Balsam.
conscience makes a har4
What is Castoria
CASTORIA la a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Dropi
and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant It contains neither Opium,
Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. Its age is its guarantee. It
destroys Worms and allays Feverishness. For more than thirty years it
has been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency, Wind
Colic, all Teething Troubles and Diarrhoea. It regulates the Stomack
and Bowels, assimilates the Food, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea—The Mother's Friend.
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been in use for over
80 years, has borne the signatureofChas.11. Fletcher, and has been made under
hia personal supervision since its infancy. Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good are but Experiments that
trifle with and endanger the health of Infants and
Children—Experience against Experiment.
Genuine Custoria always bears the signature of
HANDS LIKE VELVET
Kept So by Daily Use of Cutlcura
Soap and Ointment. Trial Free.
On retiring soak hands in hot Cutl-
cura soapsuds, dry and rub the Oint-
ment Into the hands some minutes.
Wear bandage or old gloves during
night. This is a "one night treat-
ment for red, rough, chapped and
sore hands." It works wonders.
Sample each free by mail with 32-p.
Skin Book. Address Cutlcura, Dept.
XY, Boston. Sold everywhere.—Adv.
"What was the class doing today,
"Knitting socks for soldiers."
"How many did you knit, dear?"
"Only one sock, mamma." .
"Why didn't you knit a pair, child?"
"Because I was knitting for a one-
legged soldier, mamma."
On ,the Other Hand.
"Now, this new war play is a se-
vere arraignment of the man who
won't go to the front and fight for
"I see. And no doubt the large
number of male actors in the case feel
that it isn't up to them."
Just the Man.
"There is an eastern potentate who
would be even better than a Panama
expert to conduct this fly-killing cam-
"Who is that?"
"The Akhmoond of Swat."
Aviators' Safety Parachutes.
The energies of practically all the
inventors of parachutes for airmen
have been directed towards the devel-
opment of a device for the airman
alone, the aeroplane itself being al-
lowed to drop to earth unhindered.
Parachutes for the whole aeroplane
have just been designed by a French
inventor. Two folded parachutes, con-
tained in cone-shaped receptacles, are
attached to the wings as near the ends
as possible. By means of a simple
mechanism, operated by the movement
of a small hand lever, these para-
chutes are pushed out of the contain-
ers, after which they are claimed to
open freely, no matter In what man-
ner the aeroplane may be falling. All
the airman has tc do is to hang on to
Professor Copeland of Harvard, as
the Btory goes, reproved bis students
for coming late to class.
"This is a class in English composi-
tion," he remarked with sarcasm, "not
an afternoon tea."
At the next meeting one girl was
twenty minutes late. Professor Cope-
land waited until she had taken her
seat. Then he remarked bitingly;
"How will you have your tea, Miss
"Without the lemon, please," Miss
Brown answered quite gently.—Chris-
Conversation attains its moBt asinine
form in the grandstand at the ball
An Unmaker of History.
Directory Canvasser—What is your
husband's occupation, madam?
Lady—Oh, he unmakes history.
Directory Canvasser—Unmakes his-
Lady — Yes; he writes historical
Speaking of War.
Church—Don't hear so much now of
engagements of American women and
Gotham—The foreigners seem to
be kept pretty busy now with en-
gagements among themselves."
« a* « •* •* w
tI w r* of V7 tv1"" Tr v:
The king of naphtha laundry soaps,
laughs at hard water and dirt.
COTTON BOLL, white laundry soap
should be your way to an easier and
more pleasant wash day. Free from
anything that would injure your clothes.
Slrortar nours for women.
Send for Premium List
Our famous sweet scented WATER
LILY toilet soap is a real delight and
refreshing. Great for washing laces,
flannels and woolens. The best soap
value ever given for 5 CENTS. Cou-
pons and wrappers can be exchanged
together with laundry soap wrappers.
| We share profits with you. Send
now for free catalogues.
Why She Went to Church.
A devout old lady had become very
deaf, and, as her church was some dis-
tance from her home, decided to at-
tend another one, which was nearer.
She spoke to the minister of the sec-
ond church about it, and was cordially
received and urged to come whenever
"Ah, well," she said, "all churches
lead to heaven, and as I have grown
deaf and cannot hear any of the ser-
mon I thought 1 would attend your
Flow of Language.
'What a wonderful flow of language
our friend has."
"Yes," replied Farmer Corntossel.
"But he don't use it for much except
For sprains make a thorough appli-
cation of Hanford's Balsam, well rub-
bed in. Adv.
When a man sings a woman's praise,
she doesn't care whether he can carry
the tune or not.
PRODUCTS MANIIFACTLRJNG CO.
OKLAHOMA CITY OKLAHOMA
Bzst bushel baskets, carloads and
local shipment,lowtst pricesfor cash.
Morrison Produce Co.
Oklahmao City Oklahoma
I'ulm Ilravh Suith—Made to
■n low Rig profits. Writs
m*(1n Woolen Mills, Chirac®.
W. N. U., Oklahoma City, No. 24-1915.
"I had a delightful experience this
morning," said Gasserby.
"Tell me about it," said Dorfling.
"Two old gentlemen of my acquain-
tance forgot the war long enough to
have an argument about a disputed
point in Shakespeare."
Cures Ivy Poisoning.
For ivy poisoning apply Hanford's
Balsam. It is antiseptic and may be
at one with Italy over the border. The j U8e(J t0 kill the poison. Prompt relief
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You kuow
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a a teless form. The
Quinine drives out malaria, the Iron
Duilds up the system. 50 cents. Adv.
"I put my reliance in the wisdom of
the plain people," said Senator Sor-
"But suppose the plain people do
not happen to agree with you?"
"Then I refuse to be Influenced by
the thoughtless crowd."
county embraces about 600 square
miles, a region rare in its scenic beau'
ties, and one, within whose smiling
valleys—often nearly mountain-locked
—more than 1000,000 people house. A
large part of this population, about
25,000, is concentrated in the capital
city, Trent, a place that supports itself
more by its relics and the charm of
its surroundings than by its com-
merce or industry. The city stands
on the Adige river, on the Brenner
railway, 57 miles north of Verona.
Trent is powerfully fortified. Some
308 feet above its streets, the mod-
ern redoubt, Doss Trento, looks out
over the city. The other dewnsea
command the approaches to the town.
There are a number of fine palaces in
Trent and many substantial house*.
follow the first application.
A newspaper's income springs from
three sources. Advertising, subscrip-
tions and the owners of lost dogs.
Wounds on man or beast should be
Sealed by Hanford's Balsam. Adv.
Marriage rings and prize rings often
ead to the stage.
Torn OWN DRI'OOIST Wil l, TEI.I. YOC
fry Murine Bre Remedy for Ked, Weak, Watery
Kyes and Granulated Krelfds; No Smarting—
tnst Kve comfort. Write for Book of iba Kys
jr mull Free. Murine Kys Kemrtly Co.. Chicago.
The trouble is not bo much that peo-
ple cheer nonsense as that they vote
Yes, waiting for every farmer or fanner's
son — any industrious American who is
anxious to establish for himself a happy
home and prosperity. Canada's hearty in-
vitation this year is more attractive than
ever. Wheat is higher but her farm land
just as cheap and in the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta
160 Acre Homesteads are Actually Free to Settlers and
Other Land at From $15 to $20 par Acre
The people of European countries a? nell as the American continent
must be fed—thus an even greater demand for Canadian Wheat will keep
up the price. Any farmer who can buy land at $15.00 to $30.00 per acre
—get a dollar for wheat and raise 20 to 45 bushels to the acre ia bound to
make money—that's what you can expect in Western Canada. Wonder-
ful yields also of Oat , Barley and Flax. Mixed Farming is fully as prof-
itable an industry as grain raising. The excellent grasses, full of nutrition,
are the only food required either for beef or dairy purposes. Good schools,
markets convenient, climate excellent
Military service is not compulsory in Canada. There is no conscription and no war tax
on lands. Write for literature and particulars as to reduced raUway rates to
Superintendcu Immigration, Ottawa. Canada, or to
G. A. COOK
125 W. 9th St., Kansas City, Mo.
Canadian Government Aft<
A girl admires a fast young man—
that iB, if Bhe has him so fast that he
can't possibly get away.
galls use Hanford's Balsam.
Better be taken by surprise than by '"iff?,!.
DEFIANCE STARCH D,A.'S'S!i Mm
is constantly growing in favor because it
Does Not Stick to the Iron
ami it will not injure the finest fabric. For
laundry ^mrgosesit has no equal. 16 oi..
1-3 more slarch for same money.
placed snywhsrs. at-
tracts and kill* sll
flies. Na t, clean, or-
cheap Lasts Sit
metal, can'tsplll or tip
over; will sot roll Of
I o J u r • an j thing.
All dsslers or •sen!
paid for 11.01
DEFIANCE STARCH CO.. Omaha, Nebraska a*oid d. x ia art . umUtb, *. i.
Seoouse of those ugly, grizzly, gray hairs. Usa
LA CREOLE" HAIR DRESSING. PRICE, SI.OO, ratalU
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Burke, J. J. The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 13, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 19, 1915, newspaper, June 19, 1915; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc112988/m1/3/: accessed March 20, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.