The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 157, Ed. 1 Wednesday, December 23, 1914 Page: 3 of 4
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NORMAN DAILY TRANSCRIPT
By BELLE MATTISON LOWRIE.
(Copyright, 1914, by W. G. Chapman.)
"Rather gruesome work, I should
fancy," observed Mr. Ronald Dare.
"I cannot see how you can ever
•mile or speak above a whisper with
such ominous surroundings," supple-
mented Miss Eva Dare, sister of the
first speaker, with a pretty little
ahlver of dread.
She drew slightly closer to Brock
Wilton as she spoke, and he was
pleased with this appeal to his pro-
tection—thrilled, too, at the presence
of that bright young face and the ten-
der spirit that Inspired it with truth-
fulness and trust.
"Dynamite is harmless as flour when
handled judiciously," explained Brock,
and went on to tell the visitors of the
plant, of its uses and power. When
they had departed he cast a lingering
look after the graceful young woman
who seemed really concerned in his
unpleasant environment. Then, sigh-
ing deeply as though over the sepul-
ture of a faded hope, he returned to
the little stone building of which he
had been given charge.
The Vulcan company quarried
form of tungsten and ground it in
their great mill for distribution to a
large clientele. Brock had studied
chemistry and had secured his pres
ent position about a year ago. His
duty was to keep up the stock and
hand it out for use, and to make analy-
ses of the various mill runs.
The position did not pay a very
princely salary, but Brock was glad
to accept it. He had come from the
city, where he was working his way
through a medical school, to find his
father and mother in a deplorable con-
dition. There had been traces of oil
discovered In the district, and his
father had caught the speculative
fever. Brock found that he had ex-
pended all his money and had run
deeply in debt to have a well dug on
the little barren farm tract. Half the
proposed boring work done, the old
man's funds had given out, oil finding
prospects generally had receded, and
Brock had to pitch in to save his fa-
ther's credit one1, support the fam-
Poorly paid, the plant on a tread-
mill system with its manager a tyro,
Brock felt that it would be hopeless
to continue the pleasant friendly ac-
Llmpy Ted Had
quaintanceship of Miss Dare, the
daughter of a comparatively wealthy
man. He sat musing over the situa-
tion when there came a messengerfrom
the main office of the plant.
"Mr. Boyd, the manager, wishes to
see you," the newcomer informed
Brock, who closed and locked the door
of the powder house and was soon in
the presence of his employer, whom
he found pacing the floor of his lux-
uriously furnished office in rather a
"Wilton," spoke the manager in his
accustomed sharp and mandatory
voice, "do you recall reporting a miss-
ing package of dynamite last week?
"Perfectly," assented Brock. "Some
one sneaked into the powder house
wbilo 1 was busy with the men, and I
missed a 50-pound package of the ex-
plosive an hour later."
"No trace of the thief?"
"None. 1 cannot see why any one
should steal dynamite, certainly none
of our men, for they have all they
need to use legitimately."
"Do you think this connects with
the theft?" suddenly and rather anx-
iously inquired the manager.
As he spoke he extended a soiled,
creased fragment of paper to Brock
Across its face in pencil was scrawled
"1 got the dinimit. look ut! I'm
going to get evin."
"I found that pushed under the
door of my office, first thing this
morning," explained Boyd. "What do
you think of it?"
"A crank or a sensation monger, 1
should say," replied Brock. "I would
pay no attention to it."
"But I fear that the dynamite and
the threat connect," said the man-
ager. "You know some of the em-
ployees we have discharged from time
to time have been surly, menacing and
"But nothing ever came of it," sub-
homeward-bound Brock was passing
a drinking resort, hoots and the
sight of a struggling figure attracted
A ragged, wretched looking man
was battling off a swarm of rough tor-
mentors. They had pinned a card to
his coat with "Kick me!" scrawled
upon it, had thrown the cap of the
poor fellow Into a watering trough,
and had bundled him about until he
was half frantic, tearing his thin,
threadbare clothing and tripping him
over into the mud of the street.
In a flash Brock recognized him
Limpy Ted, a half-witted fellow
whose father had been employed at
the plant, and had met with a fatal
accident in its service. The company
had given his widow a niggardly in-
demnity. When it was used up she
demanded that the company give her
son work. This they did, but Limpy s
rratic spirit could not come under
the working system and they were
forced to discharge him. After that
Limpy hung around the works, the
butt of the workmen. Some idle loi-
terers had been baiting him Just now.
"You miserable scum!" shrieked the
frenzied Limpy. "You don't know
what's coming, I'll get even with you
and the works, see if I don't!"
"Shame on you, men!" cried Brock,
rushing forward and rescuing Limpy
from his tormentors. The crowd drew
back abashed, for they respected
Brock, who soothingly led Limpy away
from the scene and arranged his dis-
ordered attire, bought him a new cap
at the nearest store, and gave him a
His extreme kindness broke down
all the resentment In Limpy's nature.
His mood had changed and be was
sobbing out his gratitude.
"You're a good friend," he said.
"I won't hurt you, if I do the rest."
"Hurt nobody, Limpy," advised
Brock. "In a day or two I'll try to get
you some work. Stay away from the
mill and forget all about your
"You're a true friend, and I'll try,"
pledged Limpy brokenly and wandered
It was two hours later when Brock
and his parents were startled by a
vast rumbling of the earth and a
frightfully detonating explosion.
"What was that?" gasped Mrs. Wil-
ton in terror.
"Over in the direction of the old
oil well—" began her husband, but j
Brock was out of the house and rush-
ing excitedly in the direction indi-
cated before he could complete tha
Less than three hundred yards of
progress accomplished, Brock came
across a forlorn, staggering figure, it
was Limpy Ted. His face was grimed
and one side of it was bleeding.
"Why, Limpy!" exclaimed Brock.
"I did it!" croaked Limpy. "You
were good to me, so 1 got rid of the
"What dynamite?" questioned the
"That I stole from the powder
house. I was going to blow up the
whole plant with it. But after your
kindness to me I was afraid I might
hurt you. So I put temptation out of
the way by dropping the Btuff down
that old well. It went oft and nearly
"Hark!" cried Brock.
A swishing, surging unfamiliar
sound struck his hearing. He ran
forward to come In sight of the old
well. Straight up In the air fully
eighty feet a great spreading spray
was shooting—Limpy Ted had "struck
oil!" The dynamite had completed
the work of the drill, and the Wiltons
So rich that they provided for Limpy
Ted comfortably for the rest of his
life. Richer than the Dares even, and.
on a social basis now equal to that of
the woman he loved, Brock Wilton did
not hesitate to ask Eva to become his
ETWEEN the people of the
United States and disease and
death stands the government's
public health service. Perhaps
it will be urged that the great
body of physicians of the United
States is the real safeguard of
the people. This is in every high
sense true, but in support of the
first seemingly wide-reaching
1 statement let it be known that
the physicians of the public health service en-
gage themselves faithfully and with proved effi-
ciency in the labor of prevention of which, as
the time-tried saying has it, an ounce is worth
a pound of cure.
The Burgeons of the public health service are
not only sentinels in the field of warfare against
disease, but they are the advance guard of the
soldiers engaged in the fight. The campaign rec-
ords show that on many fields by early victories
they have made great battles unnecessary. It Is
a large part of their duty to overcome the enemy
on his first appearance, and in many instances to
make Impossibls his appearance in the field which
he seeks to sow with the germs of disease which
are his weapons of ofTense.
In the popular prints one reads columns of the
activities of government in preparations for pos-
sible war. There seems to be a delight in dread-
naughts and abiding interest in battalions. Of
the life-saving functions of the
government one reads little.
The work of the medical serv-
ice is as devoted and more
dangerous than that of the sol-
dier. The doctor in his inves-
tigations, experiments and
ministrations faces death in
the time of peace, and In the
time of war the surgeon with
the soldier is on the battle-
field. There is a living Inter-
est in the daily work of the
public health service of h«
United States, it ia (.arrip(,
on for the benefit of all the
people, hundreds of thousands
Bnd perhaps millions of whom
hT ,'T °f th" 'abor In
The public health service „r
the United States is a bureau
of the department of the treat
ury. It falls directly within
the office of assistant secre-
tary of the treasury, Byron R.
Rnniri" m f llrgeon'Seneral of the service Is
- ue. whose research work and whose ac-
complishment in lines of medical endeavor are
e l known to the profession. There are six as-
w n B'!r8eongenerals, Doctors A. H. Clennan.
W. 0. Stlmpson, L. E. Cofer, J. W. Kerr, W. C.
Rucker and J W. Trask.
in Washington and
They are all stationed
have direction over the va-
rious branches In all parts of the country.
Recently in the medical council there appeared
this brief but conclusive statement of the mani-
fold functions of the public health service of the
United States government:
"Cooperating through the health authorities
of the states, the service collects data upon the
prevalence and distribution of disease, adminis-
ters Interstate quarantine, suppresses epidemics,
conducts research work, maintains national quar-
antine, examines Immigrants, regulates the manu-
facture and sale of biologic medicinal products In
interstate traffic and furnishes medical treatment
to various branches of the government service.
Officers of the service may be assigned to duty in
any part of the world."
It is the Intention in the present article to take
up and describe only one of the works and fields
of labor of I he public health service. The waters
of Chesapeake bay and its inlets and tributaries
form the field of an enormous industry, it is
from these waters that are taken a large part of
the shell fish approved as a delectable food by
thousands and perhaps millions who never saw
salt water. How many Americans nodding with
the approval of appetite over their oysters on the
half shell know that it has been made a matter
of government concern that the shell fish should
be a food as safe to the health as It Is grateful
to the taste?
It has been said that the American people show
great Interest in a dreadnaught, a big ship built
for offensive purposes, and, if it is not putting it
too strongly, mainly for the sinking of other ships
and their crews along with them—a killing pur-
pose. Is it not to be hoped that an equal if not
| a greater Interest may one day be created in the
| little ships of the government whose only work
' MUi only purpose are saving ones?
j In the control of the public health service is a
| little ship called the Bratton. It bears the name
of a surgeon of the service who did commanding
work for mankind in a great yellow fever epidemic
and who laid down his life for humanity. The
scene of the Bratton's activities Is on the waters
of the great shell fish producing bay which washes
His Stock In Trade. Maryland and the tributaries thereto. It is one of
The nervous little man next to the j the ships helping to guard the lives of ninety mil-
car window sized up the fat man who ( ]jons of peopie.
oris of the:
oe the pu3lic vsj.
tne j/f/p rratto/i wp/cji guar do
trp pl/bl/c metal tpp^.
pt/bl /c real tp fxpep//1pp p
jtat/oh opp capet crajtlpj
The Crop Situation.
Now that the hints on the husband-
ing of food have been scattered
broadcast, one is reminded of those
old days when watchful care was
necessary to be exercised to make
it fe'O the round of the harvests. In the
sixteenth century, for instance, a lean
year meant sacrifices for all. A great
scarcity of victuals 1l the seasons
of 1552 and 1563 prompted a typical
move of the authorities of England.
Parlkment then stepped in and or-
dered all persons of whatever degree
to thresh their corn and dispose of it
at once. Disobedience meant confisca-
tion. Any stack found standing in the
middle of July became the property of
the government. An act thus put in
force held good until succeeding harv-
ests had balanced stocks. In addition,
the authorities looked to the welfare
of th coming crop. A miscreant who
maimed a beast, broke a plow or de-
stroyed growing corn was liable to a
shared the seat with him and ventured
"Can't complain," said the other la-
"What do you deal In?"
"Mother-.n-laws, billy goats, the
weather, slit skirts, tramps, stranded
actors, candidates, politics and the
"Whattyye tryln' to do?" Bnarled the
nervous little man. "Tryln' to kid
"Nope," the fat man grinned. "The
things 1 have named In a large meas-
ure comprise my stock in trade. You
roltted Brock. "I will keep this in
mind, though, and pursue an investl- see, my dear sir, I am a professional
Ybat afternoon at quitting time, Ki
writer of Jokes and
The work of safeguarding the shell fish beds
from pollution and thereby performing the work
of prevention at a source from which danger fre-
quently springs, falls In the field of direction of
Assistant Surgeon-General J. W. Kerr, "i> charge
of the division of scientific research." To givo
an Idea of the immensity of the field of precau-
tion, prevention and cure coming under the direc-
tion of one man it may be said that Doctor Kerr's
duties as set forth in the organization chart of
the service appear as follows: Laboratories;
leprosy investigation station, Hawaii; hygienic
laboratory, Washington, D. C.; division of chemis-
try, zoology, pharmacology, pathology nnd bac-
teriology. Field investigations: Diseases affect-
ing man, pollution of streams by sewage and in-
dustrial wastes, rural hygiene and school hygiene.
The services of the good ship Bratton are given
to the division
of scientific re-
search. Dr. H.
S. Cumming is
in command of
the coastal work
of this ship
which means so
much to the
little of what is being done in its behalf. This
ship s commander is also a doctor, a surgeon and
a scientist. On the ship knowledge is trained
against the enemy. The Bratton's cruises are
made in behalf of the welfare of American citi-
zens and they constitute no menace to the coun-
try of any people on earth.
It is the first duty of the Bratton to safeguard
the oyster Industry of the waters in which the
ship sails. Safeguarding the oyster Industry
means safeguarding the health of the consumers
of oysters and other shell fish. In 1912 a law
was passed which gave into the hands of the pub-
lic health service the work of field investigation
into the causes of diseases affecting man, and
the duty of enforcing rules of safety at the
sources of trouble. Under the same law the serv-
ice was charged with the work of the study of the
pollution of streams by sewage and by industrial
wastes. The work in connection with the oyster
industry falls within the field of the duties im-
posed upon the service by this law of 1912.
The Bratton steams ail through the coast
waters of the Chesapeake, making incursions Into
the inlets, bays and tributary rivers. Under the
direction of the surgeon in charge shell fish are
taken from the beds at all the sources of supply.
With them are taken samples of the water at dif-
ferent depths and also samples of the material
which forms the bed of the coastal waters, the
bays and the streams at the points where the
test is to be applied.
Bacteriological and chemical examinations are
made of the shell fish, the water and the bottom
material. The bacteriological examination is the
most important. It discloses the total number of
bacteria and the number of colon bacilli which
are present. The presence of colon bacilli in
great numbers shows the presence of fecal mat-
ter and arouses instant and earnest attention
and painstaking examination and report.
The layman probably knows In a general way
that typhoid fever through the method of its in-
troduction into the system is one of the grave
dangers which threatens the people through its
food supply. It must not be supposed for a mo-
ment that the work of the scientists on the Brat-
ton cease when they have taken their samples
and have detected the presence of elements which
may constitute danger to the public health.
When there Is suspicion that the coastal waters,
the shell fish bed, or the waters of a beach which
are used for bathing purposes by the people, are
affected by dangerous deposits, the lan 1 whose
drainage flows Into the suspected waterB Instantly
is studied. All useful information concerning It
is obtained and means are taken to correct condi-
tions which have contributed to the pollution of
the waters or have wholly produced It.
The study of the section of the land which is
suspected of supplying through its drainage the
matter which on deposit becomes a menace
through the shell fish supply or otherwise to the
public health, comprises an inquiry into the pres-
juptcrort *3- ci/pffi/pr<?,jh
coptptart# op p/jp jh/p bp a tpom
ent and past conditions of health of the commu-
nity, whether or not typhoid and other com-
municable disease are or have been prevalent,
the number of cases of such diseases and their
location, the general sanitary condition of the
houses, the land and the inhabitants. It is a
comprehensive work and It Is carried out in every
locality where there Is a thought that danger may
At Cape Charles the public health service has
an experiment station. It is a well and pictur-
esquely located building, fitted with all the need-
ed appliances for the scientific work which there
is prosecuted. At a little distance is a building
which is used for a tank house in which are
placed all the material which is to be t.ie sub-
ject of bacteriological and chemical examination.
From the beginning of each working trip until the
final results of the examinations of the material
collected are known, the work of the service men
Is most thorough. Nothing Is left to chance and
nothing is omitted which might in any way help
the safeguarding labor.
In this Btudy of possible shell fish bed, or water
pollution, the public health service has conducted
some work in the Mississippi sound. In the time
to come unquestionably the field of labor will be
widely extended. The value of the Bervlce is un-
questionable and it has been so recognized by the
scientific world. The shell fish industry Is an
enormous one and it is of surpassing value. The
public health service not only works for the peo-
ple, but for the industry itself, which, of course,
cannot thrive if its product becomes charged with
danger to the public health. In a word, one o!
the great works of the public health service Is to
see to it that one great part of the food supply
of the United States Is made and kept safe.
The reports of the public health service are
made public and the government and the Individ-
ual states profit by them. In the agricultural de-
partment there are two governmental agencies
which make use of the Information which the
public health service supplies. There are pure
food and sanitary laws in the United States and
there are means of reaching offenders against
them. Three departments of the government, the
treasury, agriculture, and, if occasion requires,
the attorney-general's department, constitute a
partnership of correction and, if the case Justifies,
The Bratton is a small ship, but under the di-
rection of the service and of Its complement ol
scientists it is doing a great work for tha public
health of the people of these United States ol
Cerberus was barking at the gates of hades.
"He's all right," Pluto ruminated, "but I do
hope they won't tax me for three doga this year."
Even he had his troubles.
Here’s what’s next.
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Burke, J. J. The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 157, Ed. 1 Wednesday, December 23, 1914, newspaper, December 23, 1914; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc112864/m1/3/: accessed January 21, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.