The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 130, Ed. 1 Monday, November 16, 1914 Page: 3 of 4
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NORMAN DAILY TRANSCRIPT
BUSY BELGIAN SHABPSHOOTERS
These Belgian sharpshooters when photographed were ensconced behind
huge water pipes outside Antwerp and were busily picking off such German*
as came into view.
German Officers Praise the Work
of Czar's Artillery.
Shooting of His Infantry, However,
Found Not Effective—Aggressive-
ness Surprised Kaiser's Men.
Berlin.—German army officers are
giving their views as to the fighting
■qualities of the Russian emperor's sol-
diers and officers. The first surprise
the Russians gave to the German mili-
tary leaders was the aggressive way
in which they pushed the campaign.
It had been supposed In military quar-
ters here that they would occupy
strong defensive positions behind the
Vistula and other streams and await
the attack of the Germans and Aus-
trians. Instead of such strategy, how-
ever, they pushed into East Prussia In
great numbers at a very early stage of
From this fact It Is Inferred here
that Russia's mobilization was very
tar advanced and other preparations
for war begun long before the Petro-
grad government admitted that even
one soldier had been called to the
colore. This inference finds strong
support, too, In admissions declared to
have been made by Russian prisoners.
The next surprise was that the Rus-
sian generals no longer send their
troops into battle In close formation
as in previous wars, but have mod-
ernized their tactics and try to utilize
all the advantages of the ground. The
shooting of the infantry, however, was
found to be still very ineffective. This
is no wonder, if prisoners told the
truth In saying that they had no tar-
get practice whatever and had used
only their rifles, shooting with blank
■cartridge? In maneuvers. Even sol-
diers of the standing army appear to
liave had practice only in shooting at
about nine hundred yards. At that
Tange their work was fairly accurate,
but at longer and shorter ranges near-
ly all their bullets went wild.
With the field artillery the case Is
quite different. Its firing Is remark-
ably good, and the unanimous verdict
af the German officers is embodied in
the frequently heard words, "Hats off
to the Russian gunners." As a rule
the first salvo of the batteries would
fall short, the second would overshoot,
but the third would begin a frightful
carnage among the German ranks un-
less they had changed their position
meanwhile. One of the specialties of
the Russian artillery was to locate and
fire upon the German staff officers,
with the result that these had fre-
quently to change their position.
The accurate Russian gunnery was
■considerably neutralized, however, by
the large proportion of shells which
failed to explode—a fact which soon
found a legendary explanation in the
report that many shells contained
sand instead of explosives. Artillery
experts find a more probable explana-
tion in the marshy nature of the ter-
rain In many places along the Russian
frontier, the shells burying themselves
in the soft earth without exploding.
The Cossacks have again proved
that they are of little value, according
to German officers, either for recon-
noissance work or in fighting. On the
other hand, the German officers speak
much more favorably of the regular
Russian cavalry. The conduct of the
troops in the invasion of East Prussia,
particularly when together in larger
units and under the command of high-
er officers, appears to have been in
general excellent. They appear to
have respected private property and
paid for supplies requisitioned, even
If payment was only in Russian script.
Small detachments, on the contrary,
seemed to have looted and burned.
The Russian officers have by no
means impressed the German military
men favorably. In many cases It was
remarked that they failed to grasp the
most elementary tactical points in sit-
uations on the battlefield. It was also
frequently charged in newspaper ac-
counts and letters from soldiers and
officers that many Russian officers
lack courage. A German captain re-
ports that he counted 150 dead Rus-
sians on the heights near Hohenstein,
but nit nn« officer among them.
RISH ARE PLUCKY
Proving Themselves Worthy of
Race's Best Traditions.
Dragoon Relates Two Instance* He
Witnessed of Their Endurance and
Bravery on the Battlefield.
Paris.—Irishmen fighting Britain's
battles in France today are proving
themselves worthy of the finest tra-
ditions of their race. There have been
many stories of their endurance and
pluck, but two related by a trooper of
the Irish dragoons may be taken as
"There was a man of ours," says
the trooper, "who carried a chum to
a farmhouse under fire, and when the
retreat came, got left behind. The
German patrol called and found him.
There were only the two, one wound-
ed, against a dozen uhlans. Behind
a barrier of furniture they kept the
Germans at bay, wounding or killing
half of them. The Germans made oft
and brought a machine gun to the
house and threatened to destroy it.
"The two soldiers were not unmind-
ful of the kindness shown them by the
owners of the farm, and rather than
bring loss on them or the village, they
made a rush out with some mad idea
of taking the gun.
"Just over the threshold of the door
they fell dead, their blood bespatter-
ing the walls of the house.
"There was a young chap of the
Irish rifles. He was kneeling beside
a wounded man of the Gloucesters, I
think, keeping off the Germans, who
were circling round like carrion birds.
He had been hit himself, but was
gamely firing at the enemy as fast as
his wounded arm would permit. Wo
went to his assistance but they were
both worn out when we reached them
and, greatly to our regret, we had to
leavd them to be picked up by the
Red Cross people.
"That was hard; but if you tried to
pick up every wounded man you saw
you wouldn't be much use as a fighter,
and as we were under urgent orders
to take up a position from which to
cover the retreat, we had no time for
sentiment. They knew that, and they
weren't the men to ask us to risk the
safety of the army for them.
" 'Never mind,' the rifleman said,
with a faittt smile on a ghastly face,
'the sisters will pick us up when its
all over, but if they don't, sure, then
we've only got once to die and it's
the grand fight we've had anyhow.
What more could soldiers ask for?'
"When we came back again one of
them was there stone dead; but his
mate had gone, and whether it was
the Germans or the Red Cross people
that got him, I wouldnl care to say."
FAMINE IN BELGIAN TOWNS
Shortage of Food Is Serious and Hol-
land Refuses to Send Any
London.—A dispatch to the Reuter
Telegram company says the Belgian
minister to the Netherlands announces
that famine prevails in most parts of
Belgium which are occupied by the
Germans. It is most serious at Brus-
sels, but the shortage of food is also
felt at Namur, Luxemberg, and Hain-
A Rotterdam dispatch to the Ex-
change Telegraph company says:
"General von der Goltz, the German
commander in Belgium, recently sent
several emissaries to Holland in an
endeavor to obtain foodstuffs to coun-
teract the famine threatening Brus-
"These emissaries completely failed
In their mission, and the Dutch gov-
ernment is closely watching the export
trade. The emissaries, who are Dutch-
men, say Brussels has no salt, yeast,
or flour, scarcely any meat, and no
bread fit to eat;"
Interrupted His Letter Writing.
London.—Lance Corporal Northcu^
writing his wife, said: "The Germans
don't give us much time for letter
writing. This one has been stopped
six times because the beggars crept
too close and I had to go out and
chase them off with the bayonet be-
fore settling down again."
TURKS MAN FORMER GERMAN CRUISER G0EBEN
FROM THE SWEET POTATO
Former German cruiser Goeben, which the Turks purchased and renamed the Yavauz, photographed on the
Black sea flying the Turkish flag. Above, photographed on board the Yavauz, are the Turkish naval minister, Dje-
mal Pasha, and Admiral Sachen, together with other Turkish officers and several German naval officers.
BELGIAN FIRING SQUAD SHOOTING GERMAN SPY
Execution of a German spy, who was caught by the Belgians near Termonde. He was led out at dawn, blind-
.'olded and shot.
MOBILIZATION OF TURKISH TROOPS
GENERAL VON EMMICH
Scene in Constantinople showing Turkish recruits hurrying to the mobili-
zation center to be ready to ta«o part in the war.
NEW CATHOLIC CATHEDRAL IN ST. LOUIS
This new Catholic cathedral In St. Louis, Just opened, compares favorably
in size with the largest church edifices in the world and ranks among the
most Impressive in America. It Is 305 feet long, 212 feet wide, and the main
dome is 227 feet high. The seating capacity is 3,500. The cathedral has been
under construction six years and so far about $1,500,000 has been spent on It.
According to George D. Barnett, the architect, as much more will be devoted
to the completion of the interior.
This photograph of General von Em-
mich was made during Held opera-
tions in Belgium after his forces had
achieved the capture of Liege, for
which he was personally thanked by
TOBACCO PRECIOUS AT FRONT
English Soldiers In France Say That
the Weed Is Like Gold
London.—Messages from the front
saying that tobacco Is like gold dust
to \he soldier have so touched the
sympathy of smokers that mail to the
continent ie now filled with cigarettes,
pipes and plug cut Societies are
formed for the collection of tobacco
in Its various forms and boxes for
such contributions are now prominent
on hotel desks and club tables and
other places frequented by smokers.
While all classes are helping Tom-
my Atkins to get his smoke temper-
ance societies are frequently urging
him not to drink. These societies want
the men to volunteer to do what was
made compulsory In the Russian army
by the czar's antivodka decree.
One well-known Anglican bishop has
asked the men to pledge themselves
to refrain from drinking even beer or
light wines, although they may know
the water to be polluted. The bishop
himself is not Joining the expedition-
Innumerable "Goodies" May Be Made
by the Housewife Who Give* It
a Little Thought.
For candled sweet potatoes cut par-
boiled sweet potatoes Into lengthwise
slices and put them In buttered pan.
Cook for two minutes three-quarters
of a cupful of water and two table-
spoonfuls of butter. Brush the pota-
toes with this and bake them. Baste
them with the sirup as they cook until
they are well candied.
Sweet potato balls that cause sur-
prise are these: Season two cupfuls
of baked sweet potatoes that have
been pressed through a colander with
salt and pepper and add a beaten egg'
and a little hot cream. Form Into,
balls and Into each press a plttedl
prune into which two walnut meats!
have been forced. This prune Bhouldl
not be visible. Dip the balls lntoi
crumbs and egg. Then brown the po-
tato balls In deep fat, drain and serve
Scalloped sweet potatoes are madei
by slicing parboiled potatoes into a
battered baking dish and covering,
them with a well-seasoned whits,
sauce. On top of the sauce put somei
melted butter and crumbs and bakis
for about twenty minutes.
French fried sweet potatoes arei
truly a delicacy. To make them, cut!
In thick lengthwise sections some par-
boiled sweet potatoes and plunge them;
In a frying basket, Into deep hot faUi
Brown delicately, drain and season,
GLEANINGS FROM COOK BOOK
Knowledge of How to Do Certain
Thlnge Will Save Housekeeper
Just a suggestion of how to do cer«
tain things will often be the means of
saving the housekeeper a great deal of
trouble. Here are a few gleanings
from a famous cook book which may
prove interesting to some reader.
To cut cheese smoothly, fold paraf-
fin papers over the knife blade.
When making omelets allow one ta-
blespoonful of cream or hot water for
One cupful of sugar will sweeten
one quart of any mixture which is to
be served cold or frozen.
New sweet potatoes will not be so'
hard and dry if rubbed with butter be-
When the white of an egg Ib beaten,
to a froth and added to the cream lti
will whip more quickly and easily.
After cooking cabbage add to it, Justl
before serving, one small half cupfull
of thick sour cream. This is much
better than vinegar.
When currant bread has been bakedj
if it be wrapped in a damp cloth for a
few days It will not crumble when cut-
ting, and It will not be dry.
The flavoring of shrimps is Improved
If boiling water Is poured over them a
short time before they are served. It
must be drained away immediately.
Now Is the time to hang fresh bags
of lavender in one's wardrobe and lay
It plentifully among personal and
household linen. Tiny Bachets of it
sewn into one's garments not only
fexude a delicious fragrance wherever
one moves, but are an excellent pre-
ventive of Infection. Lavender is the
favorite perfume of both Queen Alex-
andra and Queen Mary, who get a
large consignment, freshly distilled
for them, from Mitcham each year
and use it in great quantities. All the
cushions in the queen mother'B bou-
doir are filled with a certain amount
of new lavender every summer, so
that tho room Is always full of the
delicate English perfume.
New Chicken Salad.
Take one cupful of cold chicken that
has been chopped and shredded until
very line and one ounce of pate de foie
gras. Add to it one ounce of cooking
sherry, the beaten yolks of two eggs
and a cupful of clear chicken broth.
Season to taste with salt and cayenne.
Heat the mixture through and cool.
Add one ounce of dissolved gelatin to
a cupful of whipped cream. Beat the
whites of three eggs to a froth and
mix all lightly together. Put In a
mold and set on ice six or seven hours.
Serve on a bed of green with mayon-
Walnut Cream for Filling.
One and one-half cupfuls milk, scald-
ed; one egg well beaten, scant one-half
cupful sugar, dessert-spoonful each of
salt; mix all with the egg, add to the
milk and cook in double boiler until
thick. When cool flavor with vanilla
and add one cupful of walnut meats,
ground fine. Spread on cake. If you
prefer use a white frosting on top and
decorate with whole nut meats.
This Is used for a counterirrltant
In case of a pain in the chest, back-
ache, etc. Into one gill of boiling wa-
ter stir one tablespoonful of Indian,
meal; spread the paste thus made on
a cloth and spread over It one tea--
spoon of dry mustard. Equal parts of
mustard and flour made into a paste
and spread between two pieces of,
Jnuelin make a mustard plaster.
Boil four quarts of limes in water
until tender, drain off water, cut the.
limes in halves, put them in a Jar and
pour over them this sirup: One cup
ful of vinegar, 1% cupfuls of molasses,
cupful of water, two teaapoonfuls of
cloves. Boll a few minutes, then pour'
over the limes. They should be kept
a little while before eating them.
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Burke, J. J. The Daily Transcript (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 130, Ed. 1 Monday, November 16, 1914, newspaper, November 16, 1914; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc112838/m1/3/: accessed October 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.