The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 27, No. 16, Ed. 1 Friday, December 28, 1917 Page: 2 of 10
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THE LEXINGTON LEADER
1ERUSALEM FALLS ISM"1I,ES "E1K'
DESTROYER JACOB JONES
SUNK IN WAR ZONE.
CHRISTIANS HOLD THEIR
SHRINE FIRST TIME IN
ITALIANS HOLD THE GERMANS
Kaledines, Kerensky and Dutoff Start
New Revolution and Make Rapid
Progress Against Bol-
London—Jerusalem is in the hands
fit General Allenby's British troops,
after having been for virtually twelve
Jiundred years in the hands of the
The capture of Jerusalem by Brit-
ish forces marks the end, with two
brief interludes, of more than 1,200
years' possession of the seat of the
Christian religion by the Moham-
medans. For 673 years the Holy City
lias been in undisputed ownership of
the Turks, the last Christian ruler of
Jerusalem being the German emperor,
Frederick II, whose short-lied domina-
tion lasted from 1229 to 1244.
Apart from Its connection with the
campaign being waged against Turkey
hy the British in Mesopotamia, the fall
of Jerusalem was the definite collapse
Of the long, protracted efforts of the
Turks to capture the Suez canal and
invade Egypt. Almost the first move
made by Turkey after her entrance
Into the war, was a campaign against
Egypt, across the great desert of the
Sinai Peninsula. In November, 1914,
a Turkish army, variously estimated
at from 75,000 to 250,000 men, inarched
on the Suez canal and succeeded in
Teaching within striking distance of
the great artificial waterway at sev-
eral points. For several months bit-
ter fighting took place, the canal be-
ing defended by an Anglo-Egyptian
army, aided by Australians and New
55ealanders and French and British
In sentimental and romantic aspect,
the capture of Jerusalem far exceeds
even the fall of fable-crowned Bagdad.
The modern city of Jerusalem con-
tains about 60,000 inhabitants and is
the home of pestilence, filth and fe-
vers, but in historic interest it natur-
ally surpasses to the Christian world,
all other places In the world. Since
the days when Joshua rescued it from
the hands of the Jebusites to make it
the capital of the Jewish race, Jeru-
salem lias been the prized prey of half
I he-races of the world.
It has passod successively Into the
hands of the Assyrians. Babylonians,
Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs,
Turks, the motley crowds of the Cru-
saders, finally to fall before the de-
scendants of that Richard the Lion-
hearted, who strove in vain for its
possession more than seven hundred
The Italians have definitely stopped
the attempted drive of the Austro-Ger-
mans toward the Italian plains and
the Germans have failed thus far to
follow up their success of last week
against General Byng's army on the
Cambrai sector in France. Both initi-
ally and where they have faced the
liritish the Teutons have paid dearly
for any gains they have made, and ap-
parently now they are endeavoring to
find some easlfcr spot upon which to
make a drive.
The counter revolt against the Bol-
shevik! regime In southeastern Russia
apparently is gaining momentum. Al-
ready the move.ment Is spreading fan-
like from the chosen bases northward,
northeastward and northwestward,
while preparations are hastening to
extend it southward to the Caucasus.
Move* on Moscow.
From his base 1n the River Don re-
gion, General Kaledines, lietinan of
the Don Cossacks, is moving toward
the hordes of the Ukraine, which al-
ready has declared its independence
of any hostility to the Bolshevlki ele-
ments, and at the same time is form-
ing a menace to Moscow, where the |
Bolsheviki are in control. I.enine l,s
obviously nervous. In the center oth-
ers of the revolutionaries are making
their way, while from Orenburg, near
the Siberian frontier, Geneal Dutoff is
proceeding in a northeasterly direc-
tion with the object of capturing
Chellabinsk, the junction point of the
trans-Siberian railway, in order to pre-
vent food and other supplies reaching
European Russia, especially Petro-
grad, from Siberia and Pacific ports.
Food Shipments Forbidden.
Although it has not definitely
aligned itself with the revolutionary
movement, tho new republic of Si-
beria has issued an order that prom-
ises materially to aid the Kaledines
forces. This order forbids the ship-
ment of food supplies into European
Russia, the ground being taken that
they may reach the Germans.
Armstice In Operation.
From the Baltic sea to the .mouth
of the Danube the armstice between
the Russians and Roumanians and the
Austro-Germans is still In operation.
An unofficial dispatch from Jassy, the
Roumanian capital, says the armis-
tice is to continue for three months
and that the Teutons have argeed to
all the proposals made by the Rouman-
ians, except thai providing that troops
shall not be removed to other fronts
This proposal is still under discussion.
the meantime German troops are
toeing withdrawn and sent to Italy.
Brief Message To the Navy Depart-
ment Fails To Tell How Attack
Was Made By Submersible.
er Worth Bagley and Lieutenant Nor-
man Scott were among the survivors
riscued after the sinking of the Ameri-
can destroyer Jacob Jones by a Ger-
man submarine in the war zone.
These two otticers, two warrant of-
ficers and two enlisted men were
named in the admiral's dispatch as
survivors in addition to the thirty-
seven previously reported saved. It is
now established that the five live offi-
cers on the destroyer were rescued.
Gunner Harry H. Wood and sixty-
three men are missing.
Lieutenant Commander Bagley is a
brother of Mrs. Josephine Daniels,
wife of the secretary of the navy and
a brother to the Ensign Worth Hagley,
who was the first man killed in the
Spanish American war.
First Submarine Victim.
The Jacob Jones, of the largest and
newest American submarine chasers
of her type operating in the Atlantic,
was the first American warship to fall
victim to a German submarine but was
the second American destroyer to be
lost in foreign waters. The Chauncey
sank with her commander, Lieutenant
Commander Walter E. Reno, two other
officers and eighteen enlisted men af-
ter being cut in two by the transport
Rose, early on the morning of Novein
Admiral Sims' terse message report-
ing the loss of the Jacob Jones did not
state how the attack was made. It is
known, however, that the Jones was
on patrol duty between 400 and 500
miles off shore.
SCENE OF MUNITION EXPLOSION AT HALIFAX
Had Sunk Submarine.
In October the Jones went gallantly
to the rescue of the British converted
cruiser Oramat accompanied by anoth-
er American destroyer, when the for-
mer P. & O. liner was torpedoed. They
attacked and put the submarine out
of commission and then when the
cruiser began to settle, transferred all
on board to their own decks without
Lacking details of the action in
which the Jones was lost, officers as-
sumed that the destroyer either stum-
bled upon a submarine and was struck
by a lucky shot, or was surprised
while on patrol duty. As the watch
maintained by American destroyer
crews is notably keen, the last expla-
nation seemed improbable.
REAL STRIKE AT FT. SMITH
Everybody In Town Helping the
Fort Smith_ Ark.—No other Ameri-
can city, large or small, has ever done
what the Ft. Smith workers have done.
The labor of Ft. Smith, its organized
and unorganized labor, has calmly
and methodically quit its work and has
calmly announced to capital and any
other interested parties, including' tho
governor of Arkansas and the United
States government, if the latter has a
listening ear, that there will be noth-
ing more doing in Fort Smith until
the city, slate or national government
takes steps to adjust the labor trouble
which has existed for days between
the telephone company and its girl
Tho workers in this community,
earning as high as $30 and $40 a week,
of whom there is no inconsiderable
number, "left the brick in the air"
Saturday and have gone home to play
with the kids until the telephone com-
pany, as organized labor explains, gets
ready to give the bello girl a square
The Fort Smith Light & Tractioa
Co. resumed operating its power plant
after a suspension of three days as a
result of the general strike. The
plant is under guard of a number of
special deputy constables and deputy
sheriffs. Included in the list of spe
cial officers are several prominent
Organized labor of Fort Smith de-
bated many hours on the sympathetic
strike proposition and with calmness.
Finally it was decided to take the step.
There is every evidence here the
strike has been 100 per cent effective.
All organized labor is idle, the last of
the strikers being the barbers. With
so many of the organized workers not
at work, it necessarily has brought
about the enforced idleness of persons
not organized, but probably in sym-
pathy with the movement.
FOR 13 NEGROES
COURT MARTIAL AT SAN AN-
TONIO, TEX., METES OUT
42 OTHERS GET LIFE TERMS
Execution Takes Place Immediately
After Sentence Is Pronounced.
Punishment Was for the
Riot of Aug. 23.
San Antonio.—Thirteen of the ne-
groes of the twenty-fourth infantry,
U. S. A., found guilty of complicity in
the riot and mutiny at Houston on
Aug. 23, were hanged on the military
reservation at Fort Sam Houston.
Only army officers and Sheriff John
Tobln, of Bexar county, were present
when the sentence was carried out by
j the soldiers from the post. No news-
| papermen or civilian spectators were
allowed, the time and place of execu-
I tion having ben kept a secret.
The execution took place in an ar-
royo about two miles east of Camp
j Travis, on a great scaffold which had
j been erected during the night by en-
gineers from the post.
The men executed were: Sergeant
William C. Nesbitt, Corps. Larnon J.
Brown, James Wheatleyi Jesse Moore,
and Charles W. Baltimore; Privates
William Brackenridge, Thomas C.
Hawkins, Carlos Suodrgass, ira B.
Davis, James Divins, Frank Johnson,
Risley W. Young and Pat McWhorter.
Guard of 225 Troops.
A column consisting of approximate-
ly 125 cavalrymen and 100 infantry
soldiers assembled at the cavalry
guard house, where the negroes were
confined, at 5:30 m., Tuesday.
Trucks were provided to convey the
prisoners to the scene of the execu-
Col. Millard Waltz, post commander,
was in command of the column and led
the way to the scaffold. The column
arrived at the scaffold at 6:20 a. m. A
flood light had been arranged to give
light for those in charge of the actual
work of preparing the nooses and ad-
justing them to the necks of the con-
demned men. The cavalry and in- |
fantry guard assembled in hollow |
square formation around the scaffold ;
and the prisoners were given the order i
to march upon the death trap.
Went to Death Bravely.
Without a tremor they stepped out |
with soldierly tread and singing a '
hymn, they walked to their places.
Prayers were said by a negro minister j
and by two army chaplains and then j
the men were ordered to stand on the !
traps. Resuming their song_ they stood
erect and displayed the greatest forti-
tude while the ropes were adjusted.
At 7:17 the major in charge of the
execution gave the order to spring
the traps. The triggers had been ar-
ranged, one for each drop, and six
men were assigned to each one. At
the word of command they pulled on
the triggers and the thirteen negroes
dropped to their deaths. Eleven of
them died almost instantly, the other
two quivering a moment or two after
the rope became taut.
Get Life Sentence.
Of the sixty-three men tried by the
same courtmartial, forty-one were sen-
tenced to life Imprisonment. One man
was sentenced to dishonorable dis-
charge from the army, forfeiture of all
pay and allowances and to be con-
fined at hard labor for two and a half
years. Three were sentenced to dis-
honorable discharge from the army,
deprived of all pay and allowances,
and be confined at hard labor for two
years. Five were acquitted.
Were the country at peace the exe-
cutions would have required the ap-
proval of the president. In time cf
war, however such authority is decen-
tralized and placed with responsible
First Since Mexican War.
! No such wholesale execution in the
army has occurred within the memory
of the present generation. The last of
its kind was the execution of members
of the so-called "St. Patrick's battal-
I ion" by Gen. Wlnfield Scott during the
i Mexican war of 1847. Members of the
battalion deserted, joined the Mexican
forces, later made their homes in
Mexico, marrying native women and
many of their descendants now are
A large number of them were exe-
cuted by General Scott at the battle
of Chapultepec and their last glimpse
of life was the sight of the American
| flag breaking out to the breeze as
! Scot's legTons stormed the ramparts,
j The swift manner in which the Hous-
ton rioters were tried and executed,
without much publicity, was the sub-
a £ v r o ,v n
I fTSTVlNCERT (£
^ . ACADEMY^,
\A v v . -
Vtfv. : r.Mftvi
n(- ,UE$N'S HOTEL
1-—Approximate location of collision between the Mont Blanc, French
munitions ship, and the Ioina, a Belgian relief steamer. The Mont Blanc blew
up. 2—Richmond, the section of Halifax which was practically wiped out
by the explosion and fire. The darkened districts covers more than two and
one-half square miles. 3—Dartmouth, where there also was heavy destruction
of life and property. 4—Rockingham, where there was some damage. 5 and C
—The two harbors of Halifax, in which many ships were damaged and mem-
bers of their crews killed or injured.
IN MANY YEARS
Catastrophe at Halifax Appall-
ing in the Loss of Life
BIG PART OF CITY IN RUINS
Fire Following Rain of explosives
Completes Destruction—Port and
Harbor One of the Most Valued
of British Naval Posts.
Outside the toll of life claimed on
land and sen by the great war, the
catastrophe at Halifax is by far the
greatest disaster in many years.
Numerous explosions have occurred
In munition plants in this country and
Europe, hut the Halifax disaster is the
most tragic explosion, in the number
of lives lost, in the Inst quarter cen-
tury. Indeed, few catastrophes of any
nature have probably exceeded it in
the number of «lead.
Pilot Frank Mackie of the Mont
Blanc declared that the collision re-
sulted from a confusion of whistles
sounded by the Ioma, causing a col-
lision with the Mont Blanc, which ar-
rived at a United States Atlantic port
on November 0, laden with 3,000 tons
of munitions for France. She was in
bound from New York when she was
rammed by the Belgian relief ship
Flames Caught Benzine.
The impact set fire to a deck load
of benzine on the French ship and the
flames quickly communicated with the
munitions, resulting in a practical
bombardment of the city.
The zone of destruction in Halifax
itself extended from the North street
railway station as far north as Afrio-
vllle to Bedford basin and covered an
area of about two square miles in the
section known as Richmond. The
buildings which were not demolished
force of the terrific explosion
destroyed by the fire which fol-
newspaper offices, Royal Bank of Can-
ada. Canadian Bank of Commerce,
Bank of Nova Scotia, Bank of British
North America aul the Bank of Mon-
Other structures destroyed are Dal-
housie college, two Roman Catholic
convents, the Presbyterian Theological
college, the government technical col-
lege, 42 churches and 80 factories, in-
cluding Iron foundries, breweries, dis-
tilleries and two sugar refineries.
Now He Can Think It Over.
Camp Mead. Md.—Private Claude
W. Enloe of Philadelphia, a member ject of remark today at the war d
partment. The last incident involving
of the 315th regiment, was sent
to three years' Imprisonment and a
dishonorable discharge from the son-
ice for refusing to obey the command?
of his superior officers, when orderef
to do kitchen police duty.
Belgium Gives U. S. All Her Engine*
With the American Army—As a
mark of its appreciation of what th<
United States has done for Helgium
I the Belgian government has turned
I over to the Amer'can oxpedit'onan
force 600 locomotives, all that remains
of the Belgian rail motive power.
Yaqui Torture and Kill Nine Persons.
Nogales Ftve Americans, one Ger-
man and three Chinese were tortured
and then Bhot to death by the Yaq I
Indians who raided Ksperanza, S"\
enty miles south of Guaymas, Sonora.
rioting among negro troops was the
Brownsville affair, as the result of
which President Roosevelt summarily
dismissed a whole battalion from the
Union Labor's Rights Defined.
Washington.—Decisions defining in
general terms ihe rights of both or-
ganized labor and the employer were
rendered by the supreme court. While
•' e right of workmen to organize for
lawful purposes was reaffirmed, fhe
court held that employers may operate
their plants as open shops ami pre
; vent conspiracies to bring their non-
! union employes into labor organiza-
| 'Ions. Tho opinions were rendered in
the cases of the Hitchman Coal &
Coke Co. and the Eagle Glass Manu-
facturing Co. of West Virginia.
District Densely Populated.
The devastated district was the old-
er part of Halifax and thickly popu-
lated. It contained, in addition to
Citadel bill, many churches and
schools, the railway station, govern-
ment dockyard, Wellington barracks,
Admiralty House (the official resi-
dence of the admiral in command of
North American British squad-
the military hospital, post ollice,
provisional parliament building, city
hall, the ordnance department, most of
the department stores, all of the tele-
graph and cable offices and a few ho-
The better residence district was al-
most unharmed. It lies southward
from the Queens, and includes most of
the churches, Including St. Mary's Ro-
man Catholic cathedral.
In the fire-swept section were the
parliament buildings, post office, three
DESIGNATED BY INDIANS
GREATEST OF HAVENS.
Halifax Was a Settlement Before the
Dominance of the White Men
Long before the coming of the white
man the site of Halifax had been
WORST EVER KNOWN.
The following big explosions
have taken place In recent
FEBRUARY 1, 1911—Railroad
station in New York ; cars con-
taining twenty tons of dyna-
mite. Twenty-five killed, 125
Injured; $2,01X1,000 damage,
MARCH 7, 1913—British freight-
er Alum Chine, In Baltimore
harbor, carrying explosives.
Forty killed; 300 Injured;
JULY 30, 1916—Black Tom Is-
land, New Jersey ; trains load-
ed with explosives ; seven kill-
ed, $10,000,000 damage.
JANUARY 13, 1917—Munitions
plant of the Canadian Car and
Foundry Company, of Kings-
land, N. J. Seventeen killed ;
JANUARY 21, 1917—Munitions
plant in London. Seventy
killed ; 277 Injured ; damage,
APRIL 12, 1917—Eddystone Am-
munition Corporation, Eddy-
stone, l'a. Two hundred kill-
ed ; $1,000,000 damage.
FAMOUS FOR BEAUTY.
One of the oldest of Canadian cities,
Halifax also is one of the most pic-
turesque. It has two principal beau-
ty spots. Point Pleasant park and
the Public Gardens. The first lies
between the North Arm, a fiord three
miles long, and th'e harhor proper.
The North Arm is the cruising basin
for canoes and pleasure craft of small
Two hundred acres of land make
up Point Pleasant park, and the woods
have been left in a wild state. The
roads are splendid. They were built
for military purposes. The park has
a pair of magnificent iron gates given
to the city by Sir William Young, a
former chief justice of the province.
They are set at the head of Young
avenue, one of the principal roads of
A mile from Young avenue gates
are the Public Gardens, the most cul-
tivated spot ni Canada, and said to
be its most beautiful garden. An area
of 20 acres is thus given up for pur-
pose of pleasure right in the heart of
the city. When the land was origin-
ally taken up for park purposes it lay-
on the outskirts of the town, and was
a hunting field. It Is laid nut In formal
flower beds, a band stand and precise
Like Bit of London.
A dozen public buildings, each with
a history, also tended to soften the
lines of "the garrison city." Houses
originally built of wood and stucco and
later of stone and brick and patterned
after the English style, give the visi-
tor the impression that Halifax is a
corner of London itself, lifted and
transplanted in Nova Scotia.
From the citadel a beautiful view
of the entire city and harbor is given.
Facing the water front, one looking
from the fortress may see the entire
business district of Halifaxf lying par-
allel to the docks and extending back
almost a mile from the water front.
On three sides of the citadel the resi-
dence section slopes away to the wa-
ter. which almost surrounds the prom-
Haligonians always took the great-
est pride in their public buildings. In
the point of age, Old Martello Tower,
| built during the earliest days of the
j city's history, is second only to St.
| Paul's church. It was used as an out-
post when settlers were unable to
leave the fortifications of the colony
without taking chances of being scalp-
ed by the Indians.
Other Noted Buildings.
The Provincial Building, the Govern-
ment House, the City Hall, the Domin-
ion Building and the new Customs
House were among the edifices of
which the natives of Halifax boasted.
bay. It was first used as a base of
supplies by the French admiral, Duke
d'Anville, In 1745, when he attempted
to recapture Louisburg, taken from
the French by a band of New England
The real story of Halifax, however,
begins In 1740, when It was settled by
Lord Edward Cornwallis and 2,">7<!
Other buildings of prominence are the
Dalhousie College, Provincial Museum,
Academy of Music, Y. M. C. A. Build-
ing, Odd Fellows' Temple and the three
principal hotels, Halifax, Princ©
George and Queen's,
Among the famous edifices of the
city Is the St. Paul's Episcopal Church,
said to be the oldest Protestant church
built in North America. It was con-
structed in Boston In 1750, a year after
the town was founded, and carried in
schooners to Halifax, where the parts
were put together. The story Is told
that when Cornwallis wrote the Earl
of Halifax he wanted to build a church
the earl replied by sending to Canada
the architect who built St. Peter's In
The architect patterned the desired
church exactly after St. Peter's. When
parts arrived the colonists often had
to lay down their Implements and take
to their guns to drive off the Indians,
who made frequent attacks upon the
St. Matthew's Presbyterian Church,
which was built during the late years
of the eighteenth century, was de-
stroyed by fire in 1857, only to he re-
Cathedral Also Noted.
One of (he most beautiful buildings
In the city Is the St. Mary's Catholic
Cathedral. With a tall white spire
extending upward, It Is visible for
Religion of all denominations seems
to thrive In Nova Scotia, for in a re-
cent census of religions only 543 per-
sons were listed as belonging to n(>'
sect. At present there are 129,000 Ro-
man Catholics, 100,000 Presbyterians,
83,000 Baptists, 60,000 Anglicans, 57,000'
Methodists and a few thousand spread
through the Airventlsts, Disciples and
Jews. Of the latter there were 437.
Eighty years ago, when the province
was small and practically uninhabited,
the Presbyterians were the largest
body, although there was a flourishing
colony of Roman Catholics at Cape-
Breton. The Baptists then were an in-
considerable body of poor peasants
with badly educated teachers and
preachers. Today the Baptists stand
third in the list of denominations.
One of World's Best Harbors.
"Halifax has one of the finest har-
bors In the world and is the chief
Canadian gateway for exports. It is
the capital of Nova Scotia, with a
population of 60,000. The city is three
miles long and a mile wide; is built
on the eastern slope of a small penin-
"It is a garrison city and has eleven
forts and batteries, including the Cita-
del, once one of the strongest fortifica-
tions in America.
"The harbor is open all year. It®
Inner haven Is Bedford Basin, 20 miles
in circumference, in which the colli-
sion and explosion occurred. I have
seen as many as 140 ocean vessels In
the basin at once.
"Vast new wharves and railway ter-
minals are being constructed by the-
government at ti cost of $30,000,000„
hut these are near the tip of the penin-
sula at the south, and evidently were-
"Halifax is 616 miles nearer Diver-
pool than is New York for trans-Atlan-
tic liners. It is 600 miles from New
Founded By Cornwallis in 1749.
"Colonel Edward Cornwallis left
Britain in 1749 and founded the city.
The French armada gathered there in
1757 bent on demolishing Louisburg.
only to meet disaster through storm
and plague. Howe went to Halifax
with ills men after they were defeated
at Boston. Great numbers of royalists
from New York found refuge there In
the revolution. Halifax was the chief
British base of supplies.
"One hundred and six warships mnde
harbor there In 1812. The expedition
that burnt Washington started from
Halifax. And it was there the Shan-
non sailed with her prize, the Chesa-
Customer—What, you want 40>
cents for a haircut like this? It's a
Barber—Well, you said that you just
wanted a trimming.
Puts Runners on Auto.
When the snow is heavy, an Alnska
in puts runners on the front wheels
SKr ssrsusTtJa I stsrssrs \ TJSSS.
nnble position of the harbor and Inner it today. , t'linL us we llN 11 4 '■
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Little, Ed F. The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 27, No. 16, Ed. 1 Friday, December 28, 1917, newspaper, December 28, 1917; Lexington, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc110809/m1/2/: accessed February 16, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.