The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 26, No. 40, Ed. 1 Friday, June 15, 1917 Page: 2 of 8
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THE LEXINGTON LEADER
WILSON DECLARES PRUSSIAN
POWER MUST BE SMASHED
Washington.—President Wilson, in a communication to the new
government of Russia, has made plain the war aims of the United
States and Its position on "no annexations, no indemnities." He says:
No territory must change hands, except for the purpose
of securing those who inhabit it a fair chance of life and lib-
No indemnities must be insisted upon, except those that
constitute payment for manifest wrong done.
No readjustments of power must be made, except such
as will tend to secure the future peace of the world and the
future welfare and happiness of its pepole.
The war has begun to go against Germany, and In their desperate de-
sire to escape the Inevitable ultimate defeat, those who are In authority 'n
Germany are using every possible Instrumentality, are making use of th?
Influence of groups and parties among their own subjects to whom they
have never been just or fair or even tolerant, to promote a propaganda on
both sides of the sea which will preserve for them their Influence at home
and their power abroad to the undoing of the very men they ate using.
The position of America In this war Is so clearly avowed that no man
can be excused for mistaking It. She seeks no material profit or aggran-
dlzement of any kind. She is fighting for no advantage or selfish object
of her own, but for the liberation of peoples everywhere from the aggres-
sions of autocratic force.
For these things we can afford to pour out blood and treasure. For these
things we have always professed to desire, and unless we pour out blood
and treasure now ahd .succeed, we may never be able to unite or show con-
quering force again In the great cause of human liberty.. The day has tome
to conquer or submit If the forces of autocracy can divide us, they can
overcome us; If we stand together victory is certain and the liberty wh ch
victory will secure. We can afford therefore to be generous, but we cannot
afford then or now to be weak or omit any single guarantee of Justice and
KEET BABY FOUND MURDERED
10 BE RUSHED
WILSON TRYING TO SPEED
UP CONGRESS FOR
GOMPERS SEES THE PRESIDENT
And Points Out Importance of Haste.
—Hoover Will Soon Be In Charge
of Production and DIs
Washington.—Early enactment of
food legislation will be insisted on by
the administration, it was made clear
after the return of labor leaders and
congressmen from a call on President
Wilson to ask that he go before con-
gress to urge action on the adminis-
Samuel Gompers, who beaded the
labor delegation, said afterward that
the president was in full accord with
the opinion of labor leaders that food
control is essential at the earliest pos-
sible moment No statement was
made concerning the president's inten-
tion in regard to a special address to
Held Up In Conference.
The first food bill designed to stimu-
late production has passed both
houses, but is held up in conference.
The second or regulatory bill was
reported by the house agriculture
committee after the provision giving
the president power to fix prices had
been eliminated. The administration,
it is understood, believes that the pur-
pose of this cause can be accomplish-
ed under the hoarding clause. The
minimum price feature for farm prod-
ucts was retained.
The regulatory bill, as reported,
makes the president food dictator
with power to authorize some agency
to carry out provisions of the law.
The intention is to create as soon as
the bill is passed a food administra-
tion with Herbert C Hoover at its
head. The measure gives the widest
power and would permit government
operation, if necessary, of food produc-
ing plants, storage houses and coal
The government could purchase and
distribute food supplies if it became
The house committee left in a pro-
vision authorizing tne president to
limit or prohibit production of food-
stuffs. Thi* enat« Judiciary commit-
tee reported favorably a resolution by
Senator Sheopnrij for a national pro-
hibition constitutional amendment.
The labor leaders told the presi-
dent that wages have been virtually
stationary for several years while food
costs had steadily mounted and that
legislation is necessary to meet the
situation. The working man. they de-
clared, is underfed and continuance
of this condition much longer is sure
to lead to discontent and injury If
expected to serve in military and in
dustrial capacities, it was said the
workers must, in turn, he given an
opportunity to live.
July 1 T d Late
Mr Gompers expressed the belief
th'at if the legislation was not enacted
before July I it would be too late n.v
that time, he said, the crops would be
on the move or at least contracted
for and the United States might find
itself in a position similar to that of
England when she first began to cope
with the food problem
San Antonio.—That Joso Inez Sal-
azar, the Villa leader who has long
beer, a thorn in the flesh of the Mexi-
can government, has been granted
amnesty for himself and his fo'lowera
by President Caranza, was confirmed
by Robert L Barnes, In charge of the
bureau of investigation It was re
cently reported that Salazar had ap-
plied to Ihe Mexican government for
amnesty, agreeing to lay down his
arms and deliver hmself and his fol-
lower* f pardons were i.s ii.id
200 LOST IN GUBNINS MINE
HORRIBLE DISASTER IN COP-
PER SHAFT AT BUTTE
| Over Two Hundred Escape In Nick of
Time—Bodies Are Being
j Butte, Mont.—-With fifty bodies re-
j covered and about 150 men missing
as the result of a tire which broke
out in the Speculator copper mine,
Butte wrestled with the worst mining
disaster in its history.
Fire broke out in the lower level
of the mine late at night, starting
from a broken power caple that car-
ried electricity to the underground
pumps. Lower levels quickly filled
with smoke and gas. There were 415
men on the night shift. Of these, 250
escaped through levels connecting
witl) other mines The gas spread to
the Diamond mine and took a further
toll of life in that property.
All hope that any of the unaccount-
ed for miners had escaped from the
mines was abandoned when the hel-
met men penetrated to the 7,200 foot
level of the Speculator mine from ad-
joining mines, waded through water
up to their armpits, encountered
strong gas and saw many bodies
which they were unable to recover.
Forty dead had been taken out.
The Granite Mountain shaft. 3,600
feet deep, is a roaring chimney. With
the destruction of its supporting tim-
bers, the ground is caving, compelling
all work to be directed from the levels
connecting with adjoining mines. The
Speculator, another shaft about S00
feet distant, connects with the Granite
Mountain on the different levels.
Tons of water are being poured into
the Granite Mountain shaft and from
points on connecting levels with ad-
joining mines as near as it is possible
to get to the scene of the fire. As
yet there has been no organized at-
tempt to combat the fire except to
try to get the bodies out It is be-
lieved that the mine damage will ex-
ceed one million dollars.
An appalling siglft for a number of
spectators was the cremation of two
men, Mike Conway and Pete Sheri-
dan, who were trapped in a double-
decked cage about twenty feet above
the collar of the shaft, with the flames
flying from the shaft like a giant
torch around them.
ENTENTE AT LAST APPLIES
PRESSURE TO KAISER'S
SUCCEEDED BY SON ALEXANDER
Who Is Free From Prussian Control
—Deposed King and Prince
George to Leave the Coun-
try At Once.
Athens.—The fall of Constantine I.,
king of the Hellenes, has come. In re-
sponse to the demand of the protest-
ing powers. Great Britain, France and
Russia, he abdicated in favor of his
second son, Prince Alexander.
The climax in the affairs of Greece
was brought about through the agency
of the French senator, M. Jonuart,
who has held posts in several French
cabinets and who arrived at Athens
only a day or two ago on a special
mission as the representative of
France, Great Britain and Russia. M.
lonnart previously visited Saloniki
and other points, and he lost no time
in getting into conference with the
Greek premier, Alexander Zaimis.
The demands of the powers respect-
ing the abdication of King Constan-
tine also specifically eliminated
Crown Prince George as his successor,
the crown prince being included
! among those Greeks in official life
! who were considered strongly pro-
King to Leave Country.
Both the former king and Prince
I George, it was announced by Premier
| Zaimis, intend to leave the country
immediately. It is reported that they
will embark on a British warship and
SAN SALVADOR CITY RUINED
Heavy Loss Results From Earth-
quake In Central America.
San Juan Del Sur, Nicaragua.—San
| Salvador, capital of the republic of
j Salvador, a city of more than 60,000
| inhabitants, was destroyed by an
) In the towns of Armenia and Que-
I zaltepeque, near San Salvador, forty
I persons were killed and 100 were
| wounded as the result of the earth-
quake which was the most severe and
! most disastrous felt in Salvador since
1873 Eighty out of every 100 houses
j in San Salvador were razed and the
entire business section was destroyed
| There are no authentic reports as to
I the number of casualties in the capi-
j Some of the principal commercial
J houses and theaters in San Salvador
j were destroyed as were hundreds of
t smaller hornet. The neighboring
towns of Armenia and Quezaltepeque
were virtually wiped out and almost
all of the casualties caused by the
disaster occurred there. The large
town of Santa Tecla, several miles
west of San Salyador, suffered great
property damage but the loss of life
j there was small
j The president of Nicaragua sent a
telegram to all towns in the republic
calling for aid for the stricken city
1 His message declared the casualties
were small, but that the town was
War Message In Book Form,
i Washington - President Wilson's
war message, arranged with foot note
references and notations to make It
available for detailed study by schools,
was Issued in pamphlet form by the
committee on public information The
[pamphlets will be sent free to schools,
il.b.aries, organization* or ind'.vidua)*
proceed to Switzerland by way of
Italy. It is presumed that Prince Al-
exander will take up his kingly duties
tvith full acceptation of the ideas
which the powers desire to be put
into effect in the government of
Greece during the present war. He is
24 years old and has been free from
Troops Ready to Leave.
Affairs in Greece which several
times since the outbreak of the war
had seemed on the verge of a settle-
ment, recently have taken on such an
aspect of uncertainty that it became
necessary for the powers to act with
decision. M. Jonnart was selected to
| proceed to Athens to lay before the
premier the aims which Krance, Great
j Britain and Russia had with respect
to establishing the unity of feeling
among the Greeks and greater secu-
rity for the entente forces engaged in
operations in the east. While he in-
formed the premier that troops bad
been placed at his disposal he ap-
pealed to that official to use his influ-
ence towanl a peaceful settlement.
The troops, according to M. Jonnart's
instructions, were not to land until
the king had given his answer.
The reign of Constantine 1„ as king
of the Hellenes was brief, dating only
from March 18. 1913; when his father,
George I , was assassinated in Salon-
On Throne Since 1913.
Brief as the reign was, Constantino
had enjoyed prior to the beginning a'
Ihe great war in 1914, a period of re-,
j markable popularity and had In-
| creased the territory of the Greek
monarchy by 60 per cent. Ills atti-
tude toward the en'e .««- powers whi n
their troops occupied part of Greek
I territory in the Macedonian campaign
against the Teuton'c allies, however,
brought him into conflct with the
statesmen of Greece and resulted in
the establishment of a provi-ionil
government headed by Kleuiberos
MYSTERY OF SPRINGFIELD
Mob of Thousands Di uaded From
Lynching By Prisoners Protests
Springfield, Mo.—The body of Lloyd
Keet, 14-conth-old son of J. Holland
Keet, wealthy banker, was found in a
well on the CrenBhaw farm near here.
The Crenshaw farm recently was
searched by authorities after it had
been named in alleged statements
given by suspects under arrest here.
An old house there, deserted for sev-
eral years, was the headquarters for
the abduction band who planned to
kidnap C. A. Clmnt, walthyetaoinsh
kidnap C. A. Clement, wealthy jeweler
here, and a St. Louis munition maker.
Twelve thousand persons, many carry-
ing ropes, waited on the streets of
Springfield all of Saturday night,
awaiting the returns of posses that
overpowered Sheriff Webb and took
from him the prisoners arrested in
connection with the kidnapping.
The sheriff and his guard were over-
powered by the mob of Springfield
citizens at Stockton, Mo., and their
lives threatened but the prisoners won
freedom from harm for themselves by
denying stoutly that they were guilty
of the disappearance and death of lit-
tle Lloyd Keet, the wealthy banker's
Sheriff Will Webb returned and said
four of the prisoners, including Mrs.
Taylor Adams, the woman member of
the band are in jail at Stqckton, the
county seat of Cedar county, forty
miles to the north. The two other
prisoners—C. J. Piersol and Taylor
Adams, the woman's husband had
been sent northward under a guard,
toward a railroad line that would pro-
vide transportation to Jefferson City
and the Missouri state penitentiary.
Out of meager news that has come
back to Springfield from the rough
hills and sparsely settled districts of
Cedar, Polk and Dade counties, it has
been possible to supply only the bare
outlines of the triumphant fight for
the lives of Mrs. Adams and her five
companions. Apparently it was won
by Piersol, who authorities say, has
made damaging admission in the at-
tempts to fix the makeup of the band
but refused, despite a rope around his
neck, to admit that any of the sus-
pects were concerned with the death
of little Lloyd.
The Keet baby was stolen from the
family home here the night of May 30.
His parents had gone to a dance at the
country club here and the baby was
left with a nurse and an older sou.
The abduction was said to have been
eommitted about 10 o'clock that night.
Neighbors described later having seen
an automobile drive by the house at
a rapid rate oi speed. It was supposed
to have stopped behind some bushes,
Three men were believed to be the ab-
ductors and it is assumed they took
the baby from his crib, carrying him
about two hundred yards to tne car.
The Crenshaw farm is eight miles
southwest of here. The body was
partly decomposed and had been in
the well apparently two or three days.
Local and federal authorities here
are continuing their invetsigation oi
the disappearance of the baby. The
formal charge is that of attempting to
commit a felony by planning abduc-
tion, the alleged cases referred to be-
ing the plans, maintained by authori-
ties to have been made, to kidnap C.
A. Clement, wealthy jeweler here; a
baby and a St. Louis munitions maker.
The Keet case has not come within
the scope of the warrants.
PERSHING NOW IN LONDON
Amenican Commander Crosses Atlao
tic In Safety,
Enemy's Lines in Belgium Pierced
Along Ten-Mile Front.
STUNNING BLOW TO GERMANS
London.-—A British trans Atlantla
steamer moored in a British port, hav-
ing the staff of the first division oi
the American army that will co-oper-
ate in the world war; General John
J. Pershing and his personal staff and
the officers of the general staff num
bering nearly sixty There also were
on board about seventy private sol-
diers. and a clerical force of Ihe same
The ship crossed without sighting
a hostile craft When the passengers
came on deck the last morning they
found American torpedo boat destroy
ers escorting them on either side
The arrival of the Americans in
London also was a quiet one, the
knowledge of the coming of the repre
sentatives of the newest ally being un-
known to the public There were no
military formalities at the stations
Hundred Aviators In France.
Washington One hundred aviators
from the navy flying corps have ar-
rived safely in France for any duty
that may present itself, according to
the statement issued by Secrtary Dan-
' iels They are the first of the Amer
^ lean fighting forces to reach France
The statement adds that Lieutenant
^Kenneth Whiting commands the
corps, which was sent for duty in
anti-submarine operations or any other
active duty that may be given them
in France The force includes four
j highly trained aviators and a large
percentage of the remaining men is
ilso composed of experienced airmen
The others will complete their train
Ing in France.
Tokio II is understood here that
Japan 'r -rri"ipl*,g to so-vi in ollcial
commV, i-n to the Ur^ted St tes
Kaiser's Troops Demoralized by Ex-
plosion of Mines and Unprece-
dented Artillery Fire—British
Losses Reported Light.
London, June 7.—In n tremendous
attack which began at three o'clock
this morning the British have captured
the Messines-Wytschaete ridge, which
commands the whole of the German
line in Belgium, and have smashed the
German salient of which Wytschaete
Is the apex.
The Germans, though apparently
aware that the blow was coming and
seemingly prepared to meet it, were
driven from their nearly three yenrs'
hold on Messines ridge, opposite "poor
old" Ypres. Ypres In a sense was
avenged today, for Messines ridge has
been the vantage point from which the
Germans have poured torrents of shells
Into the stricken city. The British also
wiped off an old score against the Ger-
mans, for they held the ridge in Octo-
ber, 1914, nnd with very thin forces,
and virtually no artillery, fought blood-
ily but vainly to hold it when the Prus-
sian troops massed their modern ant)
overpowering weapons of war against
Prisoners taken declared that the
bombardment of Vim.v ridge was
child's play compared with the gunfire
turned upon Messines ridge.
Record Work of Artillery.
This fire reached its climax just
ns dawn was graying the eastern skies
and while the full moon was still sus-
pended high in the heavens.
The attack was accompanied by all
the arts and deviltries of latter-day
war. The enemy guns and gun crews
had been bathed for days in gas shells
sent over by the long-range British
The night was filled with red in-
cendiary flames. Shells that spurted
lead in streams crashed in appalling
numbers about the heads of the de-
fending soldiers. High-explosive and
shrapnel fire was carried out with such
rapidity that the earth writhed under
the force of the attack.
Mines that had taken two years to
dig and fill with an overwhelming ex-
plosive broke into an avalanche of
flaming destruction in the half light of
dawn. This was indeed an Ypres day
of retaliation and victory for the
vicious sufferings of two years and
Gunners Work Half Naked.
It was a day of Intense heat, and the
gunners worked stripped to the waist.
The attack went forward with clock-
The British casualties were slight.
Three out of four of the casualties
were reported to be walking cases, who
would return to duty in a few days.
The attack began at dawn, and the
setting was as picturesque as can well
be Imaginable. The day before had >
been hot and sultry. Toward evening
there was a series of thunder storms
which extended well into the night, the
lightning mingling with the flashes of
the guns, but the thunder being virtu-
all^ unnoticed amid the din of the can-
non. A full moon struggled continu-
ously to break through the heavy
clouds which scudded across tlie vel-
vety night sky.
Sing on Way to Fight.
On the way to the front were all the
familiar pictures of the war—endless
trains of motor trucks; all varieties
of horse transport, the British sol-
diers marching to battle light of heart
nnd singing songs familiar in every
From the Germnn line the same
lazy, looping rocket signals were as-
cending to illuminate the treacherous
bit of ground between the trenches
known us No Man's Land. This night-
ly "straffing" had been going on« so
long that the enemy considered it en-
tirely normal and took no alarm. Oc-
casionally blue and yellow rockets
would be flung into the air by Germans
holding the front line.
Like Volcanoes in Eruption.
Day was scarcely breaking when
from the dimly visible ridge a score
of fiery volcanoes seemed suddenly to
spring from the earth. The night had
been filled with strange noises and still
stranger sights, hut these masses of
flame, leaping from the ground, hud a
meaning nil their own. They were the
spectacular outward and visible evi-
dences of more than a million pounds
of high explosives which had been
buried deep In mines below the ene-
my's positions for months.
All the world appeared lurid and
horrible under the sinister glow. The
earth shook as if torn by a great seis-
mic disturbance. It was not a single
shock. The force of the explosion
actually set the earth rocking to and
fro, and under the Influence of the
giant guns, which immediately began
to roar from far nnd near, the trem-
bling continued Indefinitely.
It has seemed that the buttle of the
Somine attained the ultimate in the
close assembly of war weapons, but
this sudden outpouring on Messines
ridge was beyond all calculation. The
lighter field guns fur forward set up a
perfect curtain fire, under w|iieh the
assaulting troops trudged confidently
to their allotted goals. Farther back
the deep-throated heavies began to
pour out torrents of high explosive
shells ou the Germnn treuches uud
communications, while still other guns
—enough to win any ordinary buttle—
confined themselves solely to the task
of deluging German guns and gunners
in baths of gas fired in shells of ev-
ery conceivable caliber.
The effect of this counter battery-
work was not appreciated until later
in the day, when the Infantry sent
hack word that their progress had
not been hampered by the enemy ar-
tillery and that their casualties
amounted to virtually nothing.
Enemy Signals for Help.
Great black observation balloons,
had stolen skyward during the din of
the newly begun battle. In the wood
back of the windmill spring birds,
awakened by the deafening clamor,
had begun to sing joyously. Like so
many children who have come into the
consciousness of being in the midst of
the war, these birds regarded the ap-
palling noise of the battle as a normal
condition of life.
The smoke of the giant mines ex-
ploded along the battle front mean-
time rose in great, curling plumes to-
ward the sky and was punctuated by
red signals for help from the stricken
Germans in the front and support
lines. Never was the air filled with
more frantic notices of danger. The
entire horizon glowed with red balls
of fire sent up by the nervous Ger-
More and more British airplanes be-
gan to make their appearance. One
flew over the lines, the fl-sshes of the
guns being reflected brilliantly on its
highly glazed wings.
Under this appalling fire trudged for-
ward on the ten-mile front General
I'lumer's army. At many places the
men found German troops utterly
dazed by the mine explosion and the
ordeal of the artillery fire.
Break Before Vicious Fire.
Many of these troops had hut recent-
ly come from Bussia, where they had
spent 18 months and knew nothing ot
what actual warfare was like on the
western front. They had bolted at the
fl st mine explosion and had only beei
gathered together in groups by their
noncommissioned officers when the
British appeared out of the smoke and
shells and made them prisoner.
They said they had been given to
understand by their officers that the
British always killed their prisoners.
It was really pitiful in some instances
to see tlie manner in which these pris-
oners cringed to their captors.
As a matter of fact, tlie British sol-
dier, when the fighting is done. Is In-
clined almost too strongly to treat the
German prisoners as pals. Some of
the prisoners taken today had only
gone into the German lines last night
and had made.their way forward un-
der a galling fire and had lost heavily.
But the troops already In the line were
calling for relief In such a manner that
their appeals could not be denied.
Enemy Bewildered by Attack.
In view of the fact that the attack,
had been expected the German com-
manders were endeavoring to get their
best units actually into the fighting
front, but had underestimated when
the British would strike. The troops
In a strange line were utterly bewil-
dered when the attack began nnd fell
easy prey to the advancing British.
The battle was far more visible dur-
ing the first uncertain moments thar
later when the sun gradually burned1
Its way through the eastern banks of
clouds. By that time the smoke of ex-
ploding shells and the vapors from the'
blinding barrage, which had been part
of the artillery duty, obscured the more
distant landscape to such an extent
that the roaring guns could not be seen)
at all, although the firing was almost
at one's feet. The brilliantly leaping
shrapnel shells, breaking far above
ground, ir-ipeared through a thick mist
only as brief and brilliant electric
British Supreme in the Air.
For a month past, but especially
since June 1. the airplanes on thi*
front have been Indefatignbly at work
during every possible flying hour.
They had brought down nearly 50 ma-
chines in six days ns a means of blind-
ing the enemy. Lately the Germans
have endeavored valiantly to obtain
airplane observations for their artil-
lery, but their observing machines-
have seldom been able to direct mors
than one or two shots before the Brit-
ish fighting scouts had pounced upon,
them and either sent thein crashing to
the earth or had driven them to cover
at breakneck speed.
Today the British planes flew far
nnd long over the enemy's retreating-
lines and were only challenged by-
some very bad-shooting anti-aircraft
batteries. All through Ihe day British-
planes ruled the air. They co-operated
actively with the P.rltish artillery am*
Infantry in maintaining the success of
this brilliant episode in modern war-
BRITISH PREMIER HEARS
GUNS WHEN BATTLE OPENS
Terrific Detonations Carried Through
the Air for a Distance of More
Than 140 Miles.
London. June 7.—-The tremendous
explosions that opened the British at-
tack on Wytschaete bend were heard
\v David L'oyd George, the British
premier, .who was stewing for the night
t his (••"-.deuce, V'ult'oll Heuth, 140
Tlie plans fnr the attack had beem
long maturing nnd when the prepar-
ations were perfected the premier was
,ii q>i."lilted with the exact hour It was-
intended to open it Accordingly, on,
retiring last night Mr. Lloyd George
gave orders to be called at three.
The premier nnd other ntembers of
his household dearly heard tlie tre-
mendous detonations., 'is also did per-
sons at the premler'c official residence
| in London, who supposed they were
! the sounds of heavy guns until later
I tlit;v learned v.htnvt they emtio.
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Whitsett, Lee. The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 26, No. 40, Ed. 1 Friday, June 15, 1917, newspaper, June 15, 1917; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc110781/m1/2/: accessed February 25, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.