The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 25, No. 15, Ed. 1 Friday, December 24, 1915 Page: 2 of 12

Ceremony at Gait Home Marked
by Simplicity.
Only Relatives of President and His
Bride Are Present—Start on Honey-
moon Trip to South—Try to
Avoid Crowds.
Wellington, Dec. IS.—In the pres-
ence of relatives only, President Wll-
Bon and Mrs. Edith Boiling Gal* were
quietly and simply wedded this eve-
ning in the parlors of the bride's un-
pretentious home at 1308 Twentieth
street. There was no fuss and feath-
ers, and official and social circles
must wait for tomorrow's newspapers
before they know how It all came
about. Secretary of the Treasury Mc-
Adoo was the lone official present and
he was there simply as Mr. Wilson's
Miss Bertha Boiling of this city at-
tended her sister, the bride, and a
small orchestra from the Marine band
furnished the nuptial music. The bride
wore a dark traveling costume and
carried a huge bouquet of orchids.
She met the bridegroom at the foot
of the broad stairway In her home
and together they went slowly to the
altar of flowers erected at the east
end of the parlors. The president
placed on her third left-hand fin-
ger a plain gold circlet engraved witli
her initials and his own. The cere-
mony was the utmost In simplicity
and taste—in keeping with the best
American traditions.
Keep Hour a Secret.
In order to avoid the crowds of curi-
ous folk in Washington the hour of
the wedding was kept secret until late
In the day. The plan worked with fair
Buccess and the police had no trouble
upon, and for years she has been j
known as the most perfectly gowned [
woman In Washington, both because
she has exquisite taste and because
she has plenty of means to follow her
taste In dress. Her gowns have al-
ways been chosen with rare care and
she bought much from the fashionable
costumers In Paris, where she was a j
frequent visitor before the war.
Those who are in a position to know
say the bride spent several months in J
the preparation of her trousseau, be- [
ing aided in this important labor by
her mother, who aiso is a woman of j
extraordinary discernment. It was all [
complete, 'tis whispered, two weeks
before the date of the wedding. Some j
controversy arose as to the origin of !
the gowns and frocks and linens and
laces. There were stories to the ef- j war> at which his
feet that French supply houses balked ! -abandon the strug-
El Paso.—Gen. Francisco Villa has i er. After the retirement of Diaz, Hu-
given up as hopeless his struggle i erta as commander of tne army under
against the de facto government of Madero was sent to the north to put
Mexico, according to authoritative ad- down the Orzoco rebellion. He and
vices from Chihuahua. The followers
who still remained faithful to the man
once all-powerful in northern Mexico
have been warned to "take care of
themselves," and are said to be scat-
tering in all directions. Many, it Is
said, are preparing to make their
peace with the Carranza government.
Villa, in addressing the council of
determination to
at furnishing anything through the
medium of German-American middle-
men. Most of the stories were base-
less, be it said truthfully, for the
bride's wedding outfit was almost en-
tirely of American origin.
Orchids Her Favorite.
Dark green and orchid aro the pre-
dominating hues in the trousseau
gowns, for orchids are the new Mrs.
Wilson's favorite flowers. There ure
traveling gowns, street frocks and eve-
ning gowns of amazing loveliness
which will be seen much this winter,
for the White House is to be re-
opened for a series of old-time enter-
tainments. The four great official re-
ceptions, which were omitted last win-
ter, will be resumed, and there will be
matinee teas and frequent musicales.
Mr. Wilson is the sixth president of
the United States to marry a widow.
Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Fill-
more and Benjamin Harrison were his
predecessors in Ihis sort of a union,
but in not more than one or two cases
was the widow the second wife—as in
this case. John Tyler and Theodore
Roosevelt married twice, but their
second wives had not been wedded be-
It is scarcely necessary to recall
George Washington's marriage. The
world knows of his courtship, engage-
ment and espousal. His love was the
"Widow Custis." Thomas Jefferson,
at the home of a friend, John Wayles,
met Martha Skelton, Wayles' widowed
pxEswz.\r iv/isoa'
© OY t//ro*Hwooo
gle was made pub-
lic, is said to have
declared that he
would n o longer
sacrifice men need-
lessly. He is snid
to have been urged
tn abandon the rev- g
olutionary move- i'i
inent by his staff if
and advisers and fj
also by his wife. I
At a conference 1
o f United States
m i 1 i tary officers, I
state and city auth- I
ities and represen- |
tat Ives of the Car- |
ranza and Villa jij
governments held i l
here secretly, i t j;i
was requested b y
the Villa delega-
tion that General
Francisco Villa and
his brother, Hipo-
lito Valla, financial
agent of the Villa
government, be per-
mitted to cross the
border unharassed
by legal, criminal
or civil action.
In return for the'
immunity of the
Villa brothers the Villa delegation
promised that a new chief would be
selected to head the Villa movement
and pledged the leader, when selected,
and as yet unnamed, but believed to be
Governor Avila, to turn over the entire
military and civil organization to Villa
controlled territory to the Carranza
When Francisco "adpro took the
field against Diaz, A'illa voluntarily
case his lot with the Maderistas and
performed valiant service that Madero
was forced to recognize the peon lead-
What was perhaps the largest and
most Important transaction ever con-
summated in the southwest agricul-
tural publishing field, was th^ consol
idation, on December 1st, of the Okla-
homa Farm Journal with the Oklahoma
John Firjds, who for many years
has been associated with Frank North-
up in the publication of the Oklahoma
Farm Journal, will be the editor of the
consolidated publication.
There is perhaps no man in Okla-
homa or the southwest with a larger
acquaintance among farmers and busi-
ness men alike, than John Fields.
Here in Oklahoma, Fields is given
! credit in a very large measure for the
j development of the "sure feed crops"
j propaganda, which has been of untold
benefit to the farmers of the state.
The new Oklahoma Farmer will be
published on the tenth and twenty-
fifth of each month. The editorial
force, business office and circulation
3 war chest of $1,000,- ilepartment, will be located in Okla-
| 0 0 0 accumulated j homa City.
? from the seizure of
Villa dashed and Villa was taken to
Mexico City under arrest for insub-
ordination. While in prison there he
taught himself to read and write-
Madero saved him from immediate
execution and later he made his escape
to the United States. When the north
of Mexico rose against Huerta, Villa
made his way across the Rio Grande
into Mexico with two companions,
pix borrowed horses
(seven dollars i n
money and a small
(supply of corn meal
and beans. Inside
of a year he was
the head of a well
equipped army of
30,000 men with a
ricli estates.
Villa loved fight-
ing for its own sake
and his method of
strategy based
large on the guer-
illa warfare of his
bandit days brought
him success in a
dozen battles.
Animosity rose
early in 1914 be-
tween General Car-
zanza.the first chief
of the constitution-
alist army, and Qen-
eral Villa. Peace
pas patched up be-
tween them several
times, but each
time the trouble
broke out afresh.
The final breaK came at the time of
Kie Aguas Caliemtes convention, called
to outline the policies of the constitu-
tionalist party. Carranza declined to
recognize the action of the convention.
Villa and Zapata joined forces and
took possession of Mexico City for a
time forcing Carranza to withdraw to
Vera Cruz. Up to that time General
Villa never had suffered a defeat, but
since then his star has steadily waned,
finally setting when the United States
recognized Carranza.
What the State Officials and Depart-
ments Are Doing—Items of in-
terest About the State
Oklahoma City.—
Constitutionality of the mortgage
tax law, passed by the 1913 legislature,
which levies a tax of 50 cents per
$100 for recording of mortgages with
county clerks, was upheld by the su
preme court in an unanimous opinion.
The law was attacked by the Trus-
tees, Executors and Securities Insur-I 1913, the supreme court upheld the
ance Corporation and the Columbia-1 commission's order with certain modi-
John Fields.
Express Hearing For December 21.
The corporation commission an-
nounced December 21 as the date on,
which a hearing will be had for the
purpose of explaining to the shippers
a new system of express rates to be in-
augurated in Oklahoma. The new sys-
tem is called the zone and block plan
and is said to be used t>y the inter-
state commerce commission in figuring
rates on interstate express shipments.
According' to Commissioner George
A. Henshaw, the adoption of the new
rate schedule means that nore than
$600,000, which represents the differ-
ence in the commission rate and the
rate collected by the companies may
be refunded. Of this $60,000 would go
to the state and the remainder to the
shippers who paid the money to the
express companies.
The commission on June 11, 1909,
promulgated a new schedule of ex-
press rates for Oklahoma, to become
effective on August 30 of that year.
The new schedule provided for a de-
crease in rates of an average of about
20 per cent. The express companies
appealed from the commission order
to the supreme court. In December,
Knickerbocker Trust Company, hold-
ers of a mortgage for $31,000,000 upon
the property of the Kansas, Mexico &
Orient Railroad Company. The mort-
gagees sought to mandamus the coun-
fications. The companies put the com-
mission rates into effect, but applied
to the federal court lor an order re-
straining the commission from enforc-
ing and requiring the companies to re-
in handling the few hundred men,
women and children who pressed
eagerly in the streets near the Gait
As soon as the ceremony was over
and the bride had been saluted by
those present in the accustomed fash-
ion, while the smiling groom received
congratulations, the newly-weds sped
away in a big White House automobile
to the Union station and took a train
to the South for their honeymoon. If
they told anybody their destination
that person kept his secret well. It
is reported from family circles, how-
ever, that the couple will be away un-
till the first week in January.
They must be back in Washington
by January 7, though, because on that
date the president and Mrs. Wilson
will act as host and hostess at a great
reception to be given in the White
HouBe for the Pan-American repre-
sentatives at the national capital.
Moreover, congress will have recon-
vened, after the holiday season, and
Mr. Wilson will have to be back at
his desk.
Only Relatives Are Present
Among those present at the cere-
mony were: Miss Margaret Wilson,
the president's eldest daughter; Mrs.
Francis Bowes Sayre of Williams-
itown, Mass., the president's second
daughter; Mrs. William G. McAdoo,
the president's youngest child; Mrs.
Anne Howe of Philadelphia, the presi-
dent's sister; Joseph R. Wilson of Bal-
timore, the president's brother, and
Miss Helen Woodrow Bones, the pres-
ident's cousin.
The bride, who before her marriage
to Norman Gait was Miss Edith Boil-
ing of Virginia, was well represented
with kinsmen and kinswomen. She
and her mother, Mrs. William H. Boil-
ing, have lived together for several
years, and Mrs. Boiling, of course, was
the dowager queen of the occasion.
The bride's sisters, Miss Bertha
Boiling of Washington and Mrs. H. H.
Maury of Anniston, Ala.,
brothers, John Randolph
Richard W. Boiling, Julian B. Boiling,
all of Washington; R. E. Boiling of
Panama and Dr. W. A. Boiling of
Louisville, Ky., attended the cere-
The president's bride is a hand-
daughter. She was a beautiful wom-
an, much sought after, but Jefferson
finally won her heart.
Perhaps Dolly Madison, wife of
President James Madison, is best
known generally to Americans of all
generations next to Martha Washing-
Washington.—The new American
note to Au ria-Hungary regarding the
sinking of the Italian steamship An-
cona was cabled Sunday night to Am-
bassador Penfield for presentation to
the Vienna foreign office.
Certain portions of the text of the
new note were said Sunday night to
be nearly identical with portions of
the first. The demands of the United
States, which are reiterated, are for
disavowal, punishment of the subma-
rine commander and reparation by the
payment of indemnity for the Ameri-
cans killed and injured.
Austria-Hungary's rejoinder to the
first note contained an implied request,
for details regarding the American cit
izens who were killed or injured. The
state department, it is said, has been
unable to secure all of the names and
even though it has some of them, they
probably have not been furnished to
the Austro-Hungarian government.
The United States is represented as
ome woman, unusually good to looit ton approved
John Tyler's Romance.
John Tyler was twice married, the
second time while he was president.
His first wife was Letitia Christian,
who belonged to one of the old fami-
lies of Virginia. Mrs. Tyler bore the
president nine children. Just before
her husband was elected vice presi-
dent of the United States she suffered
a stroke of paralysis and a short time
after he succeeded William Henry
Harrison as president she died—in the
White House.
The second winter after her death
the president met Julia, the dayfchter
of a Mr. Gardiner, who lived on one of
the islands in Long Island sound.
The president fell desperately in love
—he wooed as a youth of twenty
would woo, impetuously and roman-
tically. It wasn't a great while before
they were engaged and a short time
later they were married quietly at the
Church of the Ascension in New
York city.
Grover Cleveland did not marry un-
til fairly late in life. Then he fell in
love with Frances Folsom, the daugh-
ter of his law partner. She was a
girl whom he had known from early
childhood—there was a time when
she called him "Uncle Cleve." Mr.
Cleveland and Miss Folsom wore
wedded in the famous Blue room at
the White House.
For a long time !t was thought that
President Wilson and Mrs. Gait would
be married in the White House, peo-
ple just supposed that Mrs. Gait would
want to go down in history as an
actual White Kcrtise bride. From the
general feminine point of view it
and her i seemed really the only thing to do.
Boiling, | Charming, tactful Mrs. Gait decided
long ago, however, that a woman
should be married lij her own home
and not in that of her husband. She
did not believe In breaking the Amer-
ican—nay, the world—precedent in
the matter. And in this all Washing
, war vessel or to the imperial and royal
! government.
j "The government of the United States
i has also failed to designate the persons
upon whose testimony it relies and to
whom it apparently believed it may at-
tribute a higher degree of credibiiity
than to the commander of the imperial
and royal fleet. The note also fails to
give any information whatsoever as to
the number and names of the American
citizens who were on board the steamer
at the critical moment.
"However, in view of the fact that the
Washington cabinet made a positive
statement to tne efTect that citizens of
the Uniten estates of America came to
Ifrief in the incident in question, the
imperial and royal government is readv
to enter into an exchange of views in
I!1 -4 af^!r h tIle government of the
United States.
Lack of Reasons for Demands.
"It most, however, in the first place
raise the question why that government
failed to give judicial reasons for the
demands set forth in its note with ref-
erence to the special circumstances of
the incriminating events upon which it,
itself. lays stress, and why, in lieu
thereof, it referred to an exchange of
correspondence which it has conducted
with another government in other cases.
"The Imperial and royal government is
the lees able to follow the Washington
cabinet on this unusual path since it
being determined not to enter IntoI edgr'of'TlHhlTpertlnen^^
any discussion of such details; this of 'he government of the United States,
nor is it of the opinion that such opinion
government being primarily concerned miRht bp sufficient for it in the present
with the principles and the violations I which, Insofar as it is informed, is
! In pasr"41"1 — *
of law and neutral rights involved.
the United States seems'to ai-
| ty clerk of Dewey county to accept andi 'un(' *-he $600,000.
tile the mortgage without the collec-| According to statements by James
tion of the fee of 50 cents for eachj Hyde, secretary of the commission,
$100 represented in the instrument, j ^'le zone an<J block system for express
The original case was tried before the comPani*s is similar to the parcel post
late Justice G. A. Brown, who waslra'e sys'em.
on the district court bench of Dewey
county at the time. He denied the ap-l More Army Horses Off To Meet Death.
plication for mandamus, and the high-
er tribunal affirmed his decision.
The mortgage was filed by the mort-
gagees and the fee paid under protest,
with the stipulation that it would be
returned in the event the court de-
clared the law void.
in essential points of another nature than
| tha case or cases to which the govern-
The note will broadly intimate that | iude' of
the final word of the United States has j "The imperial and roval government
been spoken. Upon the attitude of the | i','0 the Washlng-
Vienna foreign office demand the con-
tinuance of good relations between the
two governments.
The Austrian reply to the first note
was a masterpiece of saying nothing.
The text:
ton cabinet to formulate the particular
points of law against which the com-
manding officer of the submarine is al-
.eged to have offended on the occasion
j of the sinking of the Ancona.
Reference to German Case.
[ "The government of t-he United States
| has also seen tit to refer to tho attitude
which the Berlin cabinet assumed in
Secretary of State, Washington: j the above mentioned correspondence
"111 reply to the much esteemed note ] The Imperial arid roval government finds
in the much esteemed note no indication
4107, which his excellent
Frederick Courtland Penfield, ambassa-
dor extraordinary und plenipotentiary of
the United States of America, directed to
him In the name (if the American go\
srnment, under date of the flth inst.. in
tiie matter of tile sinking of the Italian
steamer Ancona, the undersigned, pre-
liminary to a thorough, meritorious treat-
ment of the demand, has the holio-- t'
observe that the sharpness with which
tho government of the United states
considers it necessary to blame the cotji-
mandluK officer of the submarine con-
cerned In the affair, and the firmness in
which the demands addressed to the im-
perial and royal government
be expressed, might well hav
the expectation that the government of
the United States should precisely specify
the actual circumstances of the affair
upon which is bases Its case.
Note Declared Deficient.
"As It is not dlfflcu't to perceive the
presentation of the facts in the ease in
the aforesaid note leaves room for many
doubts and even if this presentation
were correct in all points and the most
rigorous lepral conception were applied to
the judgment "f the ease It does not in
any way sufficiently warrant attaching
blame to the commanding officer of the
Ford Dope.
Christiania.—"Every nation in (ho
world will soon look upon the Amer-
ican peace plan as taking the initiative
in stopping the world war and the land-
ing of the peace expedition in Europe
will be recorded as one of the most
benevolent things the American repub-
lic ever did," said Henry Ford to the
Associated Press representative on
stepping ashore nn Norwegian soil.
The steamship Oscar II., earrying the
Ford peace expedition, arrived after a
fourteen days' voyage.
whatever of the Intent with which this
reference was made. Should, however
the government of the United States
thereby havo Intended to express an
(*>inlon to the elTect that a prejudice of
whatever nature existed for the imperial
end wat .govern"-ent with respect to
the judicial consideration of the affair
In question, this government must, in
order to preclude possible misunder-
standing. declare that as a matter of
course It reserves to Itself full freedom
of matr.talnlnc its own legal views In the
discussion of the case of the Ancona.
'in having the honor to have recourse
New Law Invoked In Employe's Suit.
For the first time since the work-
men's compensation law became effec-
tive the state industrial commission
filed suit for the benefit of a laborer
for compensation said to be due him
under that law. The commission
brought suit in Oklahoma county dis-
trict court against the Oregonia Bridge
Company and F. W. Keeney for $3,000
alleged to be due Golda C. Gray of Cal-
umet, an employe of the company, who
was injured on October 11, 1915.
The commission asserts that the
company has not complied with the
workmen's compensation law.
Gray, a telegraph operator by trade,
but employed by the company as a
Forty cars of Oklahoma horses,
bound for the French war front, moved
out of Oklahoma City on two special
trains over the Katy last week. The
j horses were bought by the French gov-
ernment through Davis & Younger, lo-
cal horse and mule dealers. They
went to St. Louis by way of the Katy
and will be moved from there to Jer-
sey City, N. J.
Major E. Hue and Capt. Henry
Le Clerc, both French army officers,
were in the city for two weeks before
the shipment, putting their mark of
approval on the animals. All horses
shipped must be branded with a spe-
cial brand before lpave. The buy-
ers guard this I very closely, as
this is their one way of avoiding sub-
About G5 per cent of the animals
shipped were cavalry horses, weighing
about 1,000 to 1,200 pounds and costing
from $90 to $110. Thirty-five per cent
were artillery horses, weighing from
1,200 to 1,400 pounds and costing $125-
to $140 apiece.
ppcar to j t0 the kindness of his excellency
- a t ranted ambassador of the United State
America, with the most respectful
(inest to he good enough to
laborer, was instructed, it is alleged,)
by Jack Lawson, foreman, to go upon | State Fair Grounds Not Sold.
a bridge the company was buildingl Failure of the state to sell the quar-
over the North Canadian river at Cal- ter section east of the city, upon
umet, and assist in cutting steel. And,! which is located the State Fair
while holding the instrument, Lawson! grounds, will in no way affect either
missed his mark, striking Gray with j the school land department or the
such force as to cause him to fall, j fair management, according to a state-
Bray's left thumb was broken in three j ment by George Smith, secretary of
places and mashed, the commission, the school land board.
says. j "The only action that will result.
It is alleged that the injury to Gray's i w'ill be the leasing of the land to the
thumb has incapacitated him as a tele- fair management for another five
graph operator. Gray's income from1 years, subject as always, to a sale.
the bridge company, the petition As to what the figures for that lease
states, was $2.00 a day. His earning1 will be, I am unable to say," said Mr.
capacity as a telegraph operator was Smith. "The state received $500 a year
$65 a month. frorn the fair for the ground during
♦he part five years, and as the valua-
„ ~ n , tlon made at the time of thp last snip
Ruling On Cigarette Question. ' ,"e ,aBl hal0
, , . , . . . was higher than that made this time,
Has a school teacher in Oklahoma lt is nof „]{p]y thftt tMg amoum •
the right to ask a pupil a minor bp rajsp(] When negotiations are en-
where lie got a cigarette or cigarette terpd into for thft rp.lpasjn
materials found in his possession?, While $500 a year, on a valuation of
found in his possession?
.i . ommunicate I That is a question asked Attorney Gen- $4g 000i amounts to less than VA ner
ment and on thi, 'XftSTlr.ta'SXi I Pral S' P' Fre6,lng by E' M'_Cooke ot cent, if " P
'he imnerlal nnd roval government, In no
less degree than the. American govern-
nd under all circumstane#..
sincerely deplores the fnte of the
cent victims of the Incident In question
the undersigned at tho same time avails
himself of this opportunitv to renew the
• •xoression of Ms most distinguished con-
sideration to his excellency, the ambas-
Merchant Marine At Record Stage. |
Washington. — American shipyards I
have under construction now
, 's considered improbable that
Erick. The attorney general not only (hp ?amp land ,paf.pd fo an p]sp
answers that question in the affirma- wouW bring morp (han ^ '
tive, but adds that the teacher may thls figure, or a smaller one. will prob-
ably represent the state's income from
the school land, on which the State
Fair buildings stand, for the next five
exercise that right at any time and
at any place, whether in school or out,
and may ask where he gets the mak-
Short Railroad To Cost $300 000.
Secretary of State Lyon issued a
charter to the Okmulgee Northern
Railway Company, to build a railroad
City Didn't Maintain Fish Ladder,
Alleging that Oklahoma City has
j violated the law requiring the estab-
in the United States, to add to ap
American merchant marine whose
gross tonnage already is the largest
in the country's history, said a report
issued by the commissioner of naviga-
tion. Ninety-eight merchant vessels of
more than 3,000 tonnage each are be-
ing bullf or are under contact. These
with t#any smaller vessels being con-
structed, have a tonnage of 761.511,
vessels than ever before were building I lin° extendins 'rom Coalton, Okmul-, lishment of a fish ladder on the dam
B ' gee county, to Okmulgee, a distance of across the North Canadian river the
twelve miles. The proposed line will state game and fish warden's depart-
connect with the Missouri, Oklahoma; ment requested Attorney General S P
& Gulf Railway. Tho capital stock of Kreellng fo bring suit against the city
the new company is to be $200,000. The, for $22,030. This amount represents
Incorporators are Lee Clark, Frank L. a penalty of $10 a day for ">003 davs
Hale and H. C. Forler of Kansas City; during which, it is said, the city has
J. A. Price and F. K Dietrich of Ok-, violated the law. The purpose of the
mulgee. The estimated cost of the ladder is to prevent fish from o0ir.
new road fs $300,000. | 0Ter the dam during Mgh watejf

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The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 25, No. 15, Ed. 1 Friday, December 24, 1915, newspaper, December 24, 1915; ( accessed March 26, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History,; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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