The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 24, No. 45, Ed. 1 Friday, July 23, 1915 Page: 13 of 19
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For Feeders, Elevators and Mills
Will Grind Anything Grindable
Snap Corn with husk
Kaffir and Maize in the
THE LITTLE GIANT
Less Horse Power"
Built to Stand Rough Usage —No burrs to
sharpen —New process — absolutely guaranteed —
Write for particulars and let us tell you what capac-
ity we can guarantee.
Horsepower--6 H-P to 15 H-P, depending
upon capacity and grinding desired
The Wilson-Wetterhold Grinding Machine Co,
WHAT THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY J1S DOING
YT llil i- , ,f Animal Tn-
As is indicated by its title, the Bureau of
Animal Industry's Quarantine Division con-
cerns itself with protecting the farmer from
imported animal diseases by means ot the
inspection and quarantine of live stock
brought into this country. During the past
year particular attention was paid to con-
ditions along the Mexican border to prevent
the introduction from that country of cattle
infested with ticks. Notwithstanding the
disturbed conditions across the border,
Mexico's importations into the United States
of all animals except swine have increased
during the past year. .
In addition to its quarantine work, this
division also answers inquiries concerning
certain diseases of live stock and, in cooper-
ation with State authorities, endeavors to
eradicate such dangerous affections as tuber-
culosis, glanders, dourine, and anthrax.
Individual farmers who write to the division
for information about the eradication o
these diseases will receive such information
as is available.
The Quarantine Division does a great deal
of its work at the ports of entry along the
Mexican and Canadian borders, through
which thousands of cattle, sheep goats
horses, and swine pass yearly. On the
Atlantic coast, stations are maintained for
the inspection and quarantine of imported
animals, at New York, Boston and Balti-
more, and on the Pacific seaboard, San
Francisco and San Diego, Cal., a
Townsend, Blaine, and Spokane, Wash., are
designated ports of entry.
The division's inspection, however, ex-
tends even further than this, for the Bureau
of Animal Industry maintains two veter-
inary inspectors in Great Britain who exam-
ine shipments of animals purchased by im-
porters before the animals have left their
Not only are animals inspected by the
division but a close supervision is kept over
all hides, horns, bones, glue stock, horse-
hair, wool, and feedstuffs which are brought
into this country. This is to keep out such
infections as anthrax and foot-and-mouth
Other countries often demand the inspec-
tion and certification of live stock before they
can be admitted. No cattle, sheep, swine, or
goats can be exported from the United States
to any foreign country until the same have
been inspected and found free from disease.
Horses, however, may be shipped without
inspection and certification, at shipper s
risk, to countries which do not demand these
requirements. Where countries require in-
spection and certification, horses to be ex-
ported are entitled to inspection by the
Quarantine Division and certificates are
issued by that division. Canada, for in-
stance, requires the mallein test for horses
and mules, imported from the United States,
but will accept our Quarantine Division's
certificates. The farmer with a shipment of
horses for Canada may call on this branch of
the department for the proper certificates,
which will do away with the necessity for
inspection in Canada.
The Quarantine Division cooperates with
another division of the Bureau of Animal In-
dustry (the Pathological Division, which will
be described later) in the endeavor to eradi-
cate the dangerous horse disease, dourine.
Animals that have the disease are placed in
quarantine and appraised and slaughtered
as rapidly as possible under the supervision
of State and bureau veterinarians. In in-
demnifying owners there has been adher-
ence, so far as practicable, to State laws gov-
erning appraisal and destruction of diseased
horse stock. One-half the appraised valua-
tion of animals destroyed has been paid
from bureau funds, such share, however, not
exceeding $100 for any one animal. There
has been general and hearty cooperation on
the part of horsemen in connection with
efforts to eradicate this disease.
The Quarantine Division conducts the co-
operative work in connection with the eradi-
cation of bovine tuberculosis and demon-
strates by the proper application of tuber-
culin tests, followed by post-mortem exami-
nations of reacting cattle, and the cleaning
and disinfection of infected premises, the
efficiency of the test, supplemented by these
measures, as a means for the eradication of
tuberculosis. This cooperation is extended
to cattle owners who enter into an agree-
ment with the bureau for the control of
their herds, to States, health departments of
cities, and to some of the certified milk com-
missions. All matters pertaining to infor-
mation relative to the control of tuberculosis
in separate herds or within the_ boundaries
of a State are referred to this division, which
sends out the available information.
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The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 24, No. 45, Ed. 1 Friday, July 23, 1915, newspaper, July 23, 1915; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc110683/m1/13/: accessed March 22, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.