The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 38, Ed. 1 Friday, June 7, 1912 Page: 6 of 8
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tensing Elephant lets
MOST PEOPLE DO NOT KNOW
HE elephant la the best
known anil at the
same time the least
known of all wild ani-
mals. Paradoxical as
this may sound, It Is
' Nearly every one has
seen an elephant and
nearly every one Imag-
ines ho knows what
one looks like. Hut
this popular Impres-
sion as well as most of the beliefs
about the elephant arn erroneous.
In the first place the elephants we
see here in America are Indian ele-
phants. They are undersized, even
the largest of them.
A full-grown African elephant Is
nearly three times the size of Jumbo,
which was the largest elephant ever
brought to America. I have shot sev-
eral specimens which stood over thir-
teen feet and which weighed at least
twice as much as Jumbo.
Next to the monkey, the elephant Is
the wisest and most Intelligent of all
animals. I am not saying this of the
domesticated Indian elephant, but^ of
the African elephant in his native
state. And the African elephant is
always a huge, wild beast. He is
During the past two years that I
spent in Ilrltlsh East Africa ami
Uganda studying the elephant as he
has lived for centuries, I learned sev-
eral things about him that entitles
him to be called the most Intelligent
of all animals, the monkey alone ex-
In many respects he* surpasses the
monkey, but the latter's intelligence
more nearly approaches our own, nnd
for that reason we must consider him
the highest type of Intelligence.
Much to my surprise, I discovered
that the bull elephant Is rarely a light-
er. Indeed, there is little danger from
him. The generally accepted theory
that the big bulls are not found In
the big herds Is a fallacy.
The bull elephants that are found,
roaming alone are almost Invariably
senile gentlemen who have l>een cast
off by a herd. While I succeeded in
getting three splendid specimens of
bull elephants the finest specimen Is
still at large. I was unable to get
him, for the reason that he lives in
the center of a herd of 700 elephantB,
who guard him night and day.
These herds of elephants havo cow
leaders The leader Is usually an old
animal with an ugly disposition. The
cowb protect the hulls, and the mo-
ment they scent danger they crowd
around them In order to prevent them
from being shot. If they can see the
hunters they will charge them, leaving
enough of their number to guard the
Their sense of smell is very acute.
They can detect the presence of a
man a thousand yards off, but unless
he is moving they can't see him, (%en
if he is within a hundred yards. When
they catch a whiff of wind tainted by
man the cow elephants charge in that
direction and it is a hundred to one
that they will locate the person.
If It happens that a hunter can get
natir enough to shoot a bull elephant
the cows gather around the bull and
try to carry him away. I saw severt.1
cows vainly try to carry off a big bull
elephant that I had Bhot.
If he had been able to make any ef-
fort himself they would have succeed-
ed, but the bullet from my rifle had
finished him, and after trying for sev-
eral minutes to lift him up and get
him in motion the cows ran off and with the calves
These African elephartts have many
signals which they use to communi-
cate among themselves; for Instance,
when a cow gets the wind of a hunter
she signals "011 guard," and imme-
diately every elephant in the herd
slops grazing and listens with trunk
to the ground. They are as silent as
Even when a shot among them
causes a stampede and the forest re-
sounds with the first crash of their
moving, they can disappear without
making the slightest noise. They can
move so silently Ihnt 1 have often
come within fifteen or twenty yards
of a big beast, mistaking ills trunk
and forefeet for trees in the jungle.
On Beveral occasions the beasts re-
ceded so quickly and so quietly that
I lost them altogether.
When they want to they can make
more noise than any animals In the
world. A herd of two or three hun-
dred will trample down an entire na-
tive village and nil the farms around
It with such noises that can only be
compared to an earthquake
Again a herd will slide through the
forest so quietly than you can't hear
them ten yards away. As their senses
of smell and hearing are acute, they
rarely fall Into the elephant pits
which the natives dig to captuVe them.
I don't suppose one pit In a hundred
accomplishes Its mission When the
elephants go through the forests they
hold their trunks close to the ground,
and by tapping every now and then
then can detect any pit, no matter
how skillfully concealed, before step-
ping into it.
The moment they strike any ground
that 1b the least bit suspicious they
tap It carefully and make wide de-
tours. Of course, when a herd is
stampeded they haven't tAme to In
vestigate the ground and then they
sometimes fall Into the pits.
The generally acepted theory that
the calves are only to he found with
cows is also a fallacy. The cows are
the leaders and the fighters of the
herds, so It is only natural that they
should turn over their offspring to be
cared for by the bulls when they
themselves are busy. And that Is ex-
actly the qase.
I have Been bull elephants playing
and looking after
them on numerous occasions. The
fact that you see a couple of calves
does not Indicate that a cow is close
by. Their papa may be in charge of
It Is only a matter of a few years
until the African elephant will be ex-
tinct. Most of the fine specimens
have been killed off already. The
herds that are roaming the jungles
have little Ivory, and are, therefore,
immune from elephant hunters. How-
ever as civilization spreads, the herds
are beipg destroyed, for the reason
that they are a menace to the safety
of the natives, besides being the de-
stroyers of much property.
Now that they are suspected of car-
rying sleeping sickness, their doom Is
sealed. For this reason I am anxious
to return to Africa as soon as possible
to complete the specimens for my
group TTniess I do so no museum will
be able to group elephants as they
are in all their glory.
I Inspected hundreds of elephants
without finding any really fine speci-
mens. Mrs. Ackley and I shot three
bulls having tusks each weighing over
100 pounds. Hut what I am after par-
ticularly is a bull with tusks weighing
200 pounds, a full-grown animal.
Many elephant hunters have killed
three and four hundred animals with-
out finding as large tusks as we did,
but we were on the lookout only for
the finest specimens. These fine speci-
mens are very rare, for the reason
that when a bull develops tusks of
fifty pounds, which Is quite an early
age. perhaps twenty-five years, he be-
comes the target of every hunter,
black or white, who sets eyes on him.
Thus It Is only the more crafty bull
elephants that, seeking the protection
of large herds or clinging to the more
inaccessible regions such as dense for-
ests. managed to survive to a ripe old
age and develop a growth of ivory.
There is one old bull, perhaps the
most splendid specimen in Africa, well
known in Uganda, who has been seen
Twenty-Ounce Pippin One
Heavy Ylelder, Regular Bearer and
Always Commands Good Price In
New York Market—Must Have
Among profitable fall apples 1 con-
sider the twenty-ounce pippin one of
the most desirable. It Is a regular
bearer, a heavy ylelder and always
commands a fancy price In the New
York market, but It needs plenty of
feed and thorough cultivation to be
produced successfully. The McIntosh
Rod Is the gem of gems, and all that
can be desired when It comes to qual-
ity. It Is a heavy and regular bearer,
and one that stands at the head of the
price list in the New York market.
Everything considered. I think It has
no equal, says a writer In an ex-
change. If I had a few acres of It
and of the twenty-ounce 1 would feel
independent as far as income is con-
cerned. The Alexander Is another
profitable apple with me. The quality
Is not so good as some others, but Its
enormous size and beautiful appear-
ance make It a very desirable sort In
New York. Some few barrels that 1
had last fall sold at $5 75. The Mai-
den Blush, the Fail Pippin and the
Wealthy are all very good and profit
able. The Pewaukee is with me a
very good paying variety. It ripens
In late fall or eariy winter and is
very hardy and productive. 1 have IS
trees from which I picked over IOC
barrels last fall, and these sold most
ly at $1.25 a barrel.
COT TO THE CAUSE.
And Then All 8ymptom« of Kidney
C. J. Hammonds, 1115 E. First St*
Fort Scott, Kans., says: "I was operat-
ed on for stone in the kidney but not
cured and some time after, was feel-
ing so bad, I knew
there must be anothi-
er stone that would
have to be cut out. X
decided to try Doan's
Kidney Pills and the
kidney action im-
proved right away.
Largo quantities of
i: yt- sediment and stona
J** particles passed from
me and finally the stone Itself, partly
dissolved, but still as big as a pea.
With it disappeared all symptoms of
dizziness, rheumatism and headache.
I have gained about 50 pounds since
nnd fe^l well and hearty."
"When Your Back Is Lame, Remember
the Name—DOAN'S." 50c. all stores.
Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Joke on the Doctor.
The physicians in Mankato had
agreed that during their Chautauqua
assembly they would employ a call
boy, and each was to pay his share
of the expense. This boy was to call
any doctor who was wanted, without
disturbing the speaker, as it was em-
barrassing to him and looked as if
they were doing it to advertise with-
out expense. So it all went well until
the afternoon when Strickland W. Gil-
liland spoke. As he was talking away
a certain doctor had a call from the
platform, and he walked out rather
ostentatiously. Some of the people
who knew of the arrangement laughed
or snickered, and the speaker got it.
He said. "Doil't laugh, folks. That is
the way my brother got his start."
And everybody, roared.
Pruning Neglected Apple Tree.
SHIRES FOR AMERICA
Gray Animals More Likely to At-
Unquestionably British Horse Breed-
ers Have Material for Producing
Horses Desired in Canada and
It Is Interesting to notice that gray
draft horses are much more likely to
attract American and Canadian buyers
than those of any other color, and us
the Shire breed has produced some fa-
mous animals of this color, there are
naturally young descendants coming
on, and one wonders whether It would
not be a good stroke of business for a
few breeders of Shires with gray
mares to mate them with stallions of
many hunters. He is so well pro- | like hue In order to produce the ta-
■ _ , * 3 i yoj-j^e color for the States and Cana-
tected by a large herd of aggressive
cows, who charge on the slightest in-
timation of danger, that no one has
been able to reach him.
On my return to Uganda I Intend
to find him and eventually install him
In the Museum of Natural History
Where He Drew the Line.
"I don't find you trying to seW me
blue paint when I ask for black." said
the irate customer.
"I don't object to you trying to force
me to buy a screwdriver because you
haven't the sort of garden hose I
"My dear sir—"
"You can try substitution all you
"The Cllmbleys have advanced an- j
other round 011 the social ladder
"How Is that?"
"They lost two friends who were j
first cabin passengers 011 the Titanic.
Why He Asked Her.
She—1 am sure there are many
girls who could make you happier than
want to, and if you get away with It all j I could.
right. But when you try to convince | He—That's Just the difficulty; they
me every time I come into your store
that I ought to adopt your politics in
stead of my own, I draw the line.
Charitable Visitor—Has the
girl ever worked in fractions?
Tenement Dweller—No, ma'am; but
she's going to work in a factory soon.
"It's a fine play, don't you think?"
"Quite unforgettable! Where shall
we have supper afterward?"—Rire.
So Thoughtful of Him.
Bridegroom (two days after wed-
ding)—1 haven't seen anything yet of
thai $.r.,000 check from your father.
Bride—Well, you see, dear, papa
heard that your father had already
given us one, and he knew we
shouldn't care to have duplicate pres-
"Is the editor In?"
"All In, sir. The Civic club's ban-
quet must have been a hummer.'
could, but they won't.
Beyond the City Limits.
Mrs. Knlcker—So you had to dis-
charge the waitress?
Mrs. Stubbubs—Yes; Henry takes
his breakfast on the run and she nev-
er could throw the roll Into his mouth
Right Way to Proceed.
"If you lake each job as you come
to it. opportunity will be chasing after
you instead of you chasing after op-
portunity."—President James, Univer-
sity of Illinois.
"Bingley, w hy does Oldboy refuse to
speak to you? You used to be great
"Yes, when we were bachelors; but
he's married now."
"And what difference does that
"Well, the fact is, I made him a
handsome wedding present of a book,
and he hasn't spoken to me since."
"What was the book?"
" 'Paradise Lost ' "—Tit-Bits.
"Mrs. Hewligus, what is your hus-
band's attitude on the woman suffrage
"One foot In the air, of course. He's
one of the chronic kickers."
Lots of It.
"They say a man's wife often makes
him, but Bingle's wife will never be
able to put any push in that man."
"Just you wait until she gets a
lawn-mower in his hands."
TO DRIVE OPT MAI.ARIA
• an1) hull.r
Take the <>1(1 Standard
CHILL TONIC. You know what you tire inking.
The formula Is plainly printed on every bottie,
•bowing it is simply Quinine and Iron In a taat«les$
form, and tho most effectual form. For grvwn
people and children, 60 cuntL
At the Zoo.
Mrs. Rhinoceros—You have been
Mr. Rhino—Imposhlble, m'dear;
don't you see the horn is above my
pretends to be a very
"Ry jinks, there's no pretense about
it. He supports a wife and seven
children on a salary of $00 a month."
More Slander. The Point of View.
"Ever notice at a woman's gathering "Do the Brraisons lead an Ideal mar-
how guilty the other women look when I ried life?"
fresh arrival comes In?"
"That's right; whether they
been talking about her or not."
Why must these alleged press hu-
morists always be slandering the
'Well, the answer depends on what
have you consider an Ideal married life.
They seldom see each other."
"Was the audience enthusiastic?"
"Yes, indeed. I never before saw
people so anxfous to get out of a
"I do believe my brother will be a
bachelor. He has such bad luck! Ev-
ery time he wants to marry a girl for
love she has too little money."
"Money talks," but It Is not ovei^
cordial with some of us.
da, says the London Live Stock Jour-
nal. It is certain that a smart wear-
ing class of Shire would be a match j
for the Percherons on the western
wheat farms, where a combination of
weight anu activity Is needed. That
there is a demand lor gray stallions,
upstanding, smart and with flat, flinty
bone, which will stand the Idleness or
a Canadian winter, Is certain, and un-
questionably British horse breeders
have the material lor producing tbem.
It is well known that Lincolnshire Lad
II. 1365 was a gray, and he left quite
a number of descendants of that color
when he died at a good old age. Iron
Chancellor's dam was by him, and this
horse probably sired more grays than
those of any other color. Such strains
would be a good foundation to work
Remedy for Pests.
To get rid of liog lice apply freely
along the spine a mixture of equal
parts of kerosene and machine oil by
means of an oil can or apply it to all
parts of the body by rubbing In with
a'rag or cotton waste. Repeat the ap-
plication in ten days. Irritating appil
BEES ARE LACKING IN TEXAS
Hundreds of Tons of Honey Lost Be-
cause Business Is Being Neglect-
ed by the Farmers.
Taias Is losing hundreds of tons of
honey every year for the simple rea-
son that the bee business In this state
Is being neglected. All the sweets
of the blossoms that bloom in the tan-
gled growth along every creek and
river bottom are being wasted be-
cause there are no bees to gather
then . All the clover blossoms of the j
meadows and lawns are useless to |
mankind on account of the lack of |
bees to convert them into honey. For j
the same reason the flowers that deck
the creepers and other vegetation of [
the forests might as well never bud. |
In speaking of the matter. II. P.
Attwater, an Industrial agent, said: t
"Every farmer and fruit grower )
should have bees. They will perform I
important work in connection with [
the fertilization of fruit blossoms and
should be associated with every or-
chard. There is no excuse for not
having them. They work for nothing
and board themselves and seem to be
glad of the chance to be of service.
"While most of the timbered part*
of Texas are well adapted for the bee
business, the climatic and other con-
ditions of the coast counties are par-
ticularly suitable for successful bee
keeping. In this section some of the
best honey-producing shrubs and
plants grow in abundance and during
the blossoming period of the white
clover alone, now coming into bloom,
many tons of the best honey will be
wasted dally simply because there are
not bees enough to gather it. In al!
the river and creek bottom lands
many square miles of tangled growth
of natural vines, creepers and other
vegetation will bloom during the next
months and great quantities of honey
will be lost for the same reason. Bee
keeping should be included in the new
settlers' calculations and can be eas-
ily and profitably connected with
other, farm operations, particularly
dairying, poultry, bog raising, fruit
and truck growing.
"Although West. Texas has the big
reputation for bee keeping, there are
also a number of places in Southeast
Texas and the coast country where
bees have been successfully kept for
many years, and honey from Beau-
mont, Orange, Liberty, Cleveland,
Wharton and other places along the
Texas and New Orleans railroad has
a great reputation on the market.
Honey vinegar is the best and purest
of vinegar and can be easily made
by any one, one pint of honey making
several gallons. 1 consider it import-
ant at this particular time to call at-
tention to this Important and neg-
lected Industry and the opportunities
it affords "
Howell—I see that Howell has gons
Into bankruptcy again.
Powell—Yes, falling is his failing.
Strike Breakers of Old.
Elijah was being fed by the ravens.
"I don't care If the walters do
strike," he boasted.
Goodness does not certainly make
men happy than happiness makes
Those who seem to escape from
discipline are not to be enVied; they
have farther to go.—A. C. Benson.
Which wins? Garfield Tea always wins
on Itsrneritsas thebest of herb cathartics.
There's music in the squall of a
baby—to its mother.
Husband Declared Lydia EL
Compound Would Re-
store Her Health,
And It Did.
Adaptability of Peanuts.
The peanut used to be considered
a crop especially adapted to southern
climate. It Is now demonstrated that
Ashland, Ky. — "Four years ago I
seemed to bave everything the matter
with me. I had fe-
maleand kidney trou-
ble and was so bad off
I could hardly rest
day or night. I doc-
tored with all the
best doctors in town
and took many kinds
of medicine but noth-
ing did any good un-
til I tried your won-
derful remedy, Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vege-
table Compound. My husband said it
would restore my health and it has."—
Mrs. May Wvatt, Ashland, Ky.
There are probably hundreds of thou-
sands of women in the United States
who have been benefitted by this famous
old remedy, which was produced from
roots and herbs over thirty years ago by
a woman to relieve woman's suffering.
Read WhatAnotherWoman says:
Camden, N. J. —"I ha<! female trou-
ble and a serious displacement and was
tired and discouraged and unable to do my
work. My doctors told me I never could
be cured without an operation, but
thanks to Lydia E.Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound I am cured of that affliction
and have recommended it to more than
one of my friends with thebest results."
—Mrs. Ella Johnston, 324 Vine St.
If you want special advice write to
Lydia E. l'inkhum Medicine Co. (confi-
dential) Lynn, Mass. Your letter will
be opened, read and answered by a
woman and held iu strict confidence.
cations such as undiluted kerosene. [ it will grow In practically any sec-
canr.ot be safely used on sows in pig. | Hon that will raise corn, and It Is a
as abortion may tollow their use. | ulant rich In teedlng valuo.
THE BEST STOCK
able prices, write for lr*«
Q illustrated catalogue.
Oy A. H. HESS & CO.
305 Trivia St.. Houston. T«u
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The Lexington Leader (Lexington, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 38, Ed. 1 Friday, June 7, 1912, newspaper, June 7, 1912; Lexington, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc110522/m1/6/: accessed March 26, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.