The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 7, No. 47, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 30, 1915 Page: 3 of 8
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SECOND AUSTRIAN NOTE
SHOWS THE MAILED FIST
Washington.—The reply of the
United States to Austria on the de-
struction of the Italian liner Ancona
declares that the official admission of
the Austrian admiralty that the liner
was torpedoed after she had stopped
and while passengers still were
aboard, alone is sufficient for the
American demand for disavowal, re-
paration and punishment of the sub-
Secretary Lansing's second note re-
news the demands of the United
States and says the details to which
Austria referred in her r#*ply to the
first American communication are in
no way essential to the discussion.
It emphasizes that, continuance of
good relations between the two coun
tries depends upon the action of the
Austrian government. The text of
the note follows:
"Foreign Olflce, Vienna:
"The government of the United States
has received the note of Your Excellency
relative to the sinking ot' the Ancona,
which was delivered at Vienna 011 Dec.
15, 11*15, and transmitted to Washington,
and has given the note immediate and
"On November 15. 1915, Baron Zweidi-
nek, the charge d'affaires of tne Imperial
and Royal government at Washington,
transmitted to the Department of State
u report of the Austro-Hungarian ad-
miralty with regard to the sinking of the
steamship Ancona, in which It was ad-
mitted that the vessel was torpedoed
after her engines had been stopped and
when passengers were still on board.
This admission alone is, in the view o
the government of the United States,*
sufficient to fix upon the commander ofi
the submarine which fired tne torpedo
the responsibility for having wilfully vio-
lated the recognized law of nations and'
entirely disregarded those humane prin-
ciples which every belligerent should ob-'
serve In the conduct of war at sea.
"In view of these admitted circum-
stances, the government of the United
States feels justified In holding that
the details of the sinking of the Ancona,
the weight and character of the addi*
tional testimony corroborating the ad-
miralty's report and the number of
Americans allied or Injured are In no
way essential matters of discussion.
The culpability of the commander is in
any case established and the undisputed
fact Is that citizens of the United States
were Killed, injured or put in Jeopardy
by his lawless act.
"The rules of international law and the
principles of humanity which were thus
wilfully violated by the commander of
the submarine have been so long and so
universally recognized and are so mani-
fest from the standpoint of right and,
Justice that the government of the United
States does not feel called upon to de-
bate them and does not understand that
the Imperial and ltoyal government ques-
tions or disputes Mem.
"The government of the United States,
therefore, finds no other course open to
it but to hold the Imperial and Hoyal
government responsible for the act of its
naval commander and renew the definite
but respectful demands made in Its com-
munication of the 6th of December, 1915.
It sincerely hopes that the foregoing
statement of its position will enaoie the
Imperial and Hoyal government to per-
ceive the justice of these demands and
to comply with them in the same spirit
of frankness and with the same concern
for thtt rock* relations now existing be'
tween the United States and Austria-
Hungary which prompted the government
of the United States to make them.
NY weakling can made resolutions.
It needs a strong man to keep
them. That is perhaps why New
Year resolutions are so often
futile. The strong do not wait for
high dayB and holy days to ampnd
their conduct or carry out their re-
solves. They obey Goethe's dictum:
"Seize this very minute,
Boldness has genius, power and
magic in it."
And so it happens that the large army of peo-
ple who wait for the New Year before effecting
a reformation in their liveb are seldom success-
ful in carrying out their intentions. They are
not possessed of the spirit of energy and resolu-
tion necessary to achievement. It may be
argued that it is better to make good resolutions,
■even though they are not carried out, than not
to make them at all. Thlr Is open to question,
bowever. Unless one is absolutely determined
to do what one haB decreed, it is perhaps on the
whole better not to make promises to oneself.
Unfulfilled resolves continually repeated, tend to
weaken the character, and to reduce one's faith
In oneself, Just as resolutions put into practice
are conducive to strength and self-confidence.
Very little tends to overbalance the resolutions
of the average person. In fact, many people wel-
come any oxcuse to exonerate them from the
carrying out of their resolves. One Individual
determines, let us say, never to lose his temper.
He comes down on New Year's morning with a
set smile on hlc face. Alas! It Is short-lived.
The whole world seems In conspiracy to drag
him back to his former frame of mind. The cof-
fee is cold, the letters which look so alluring
prove to be chiefly bills and begging epistles, he
falls over the doorstep as he leaves the house.
All these minor annoyances, which, if rightly
met, would have helped htm to conjuer his weak-
ness, serve but to throw him back into his
original state, and before evening he is as bad
as ever he has been.
JL FLmiZCjfrlS Y£AR2 ZVF I&VZL
Or, take another very general New Year s
resolution, that of getting up at a certain time
in the morning. When the day dawns, any rea-
son whatever is grasped at to evade this. The
weather is too cold, the alarm was not loud enough,
he is sure his watch is fast, he doesn't really
feel well enough to risk getting up earlier than
usual, and, after all, he asks himself. Is there
any real reason why he should? A thousand-and-
o e excuses the average individual will make to
himself rather than perform what he hab designed
to do. The world is full of wobblers of this kind,
and the more they wobble the weaker they be-
Another reason perhaps why the average reso-
lution-makers so seldom achieve their purpose ia
that they attempt too much. They make two,
three, sometimes six resolutions at once, whereas
to carry through one resolution successfully is
quite an admirable feat.
As Thomas a Kempis says:
THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION
E MAUPASSANT, describing an officer, said that Just to look at him made one feel martial.
He did not say warlike or bellicose; the idea he wished to convey was much more subtle.
In the presence of this officer one assumed the military attitude of mind and body.
This is a phenomenon that escapes the attention of most people—women, however, ob-
serve it. Practically every nonmilltar.v man at the sight of a well set up, fully accoutred
soldier instinctively assumes something of a military bearing. And when the drums roll
and a marching column of soldiers uashes Into view the civilian involuntarily throws back
his shoulders and steps out with a tense, measured tread. 1
And as with civilians, so with soldiers. The ordinary regiment becomes more military In the pres-
ence of the crack regiment. The crack regiment itself gains something more when in proximity to a
detachment of troops of heroic, almost legendary, fame, such as the Foreign Legion.
The Legionaries handle campaigns of their own, and probably no body of troops has ever done such
constant and arduous campaigning. But France over and over again has used them also as leaven
among other troops. They stifTen the mass, and men emulate their actions.
The Legion was sent out to the Crimea and got no special credit for covering itself with glory, as
that had been expected of it, but did reflect great credit on the Judgment of those who had sent It out
to help to Inspire a whole army.
The queen of Spain 80 years ago was in a hard fix with a civil war on her hands. The Carllsts,
whom she was fighting, were Just as good soldiers as her own, if not a shade better. Then the Queen's
generals had an inspiration of genius. If they could only get the French Foreign Legion Into their
army they felt the shade of advantage would move over to their side. So the queen bought the Foreign
Legion from the then king of France, and for four years the Legion belonged to Spain.
In the present war, part of the French Legion has been sent to the trenches of France and Flanders
and Alsace and to the Dardanelles. Part of It remains In Africa, Its normal habltrt, doing some mighty
vigorous campaigning in the Moroccan part of France's wonderful new African empire.
The Americans and other foreigners who are enrolled as volunteers in the French army are put in
contact with the LegionarieB, and this, while giving them scope for their fighting qualities and assuring
them an opportunity for genuine campaigning, is the highest measure of protection for them. It guaran-
tees them against foolish rashness, as well as against being led Into traps or losing their head In critical
Fighting is routine work with the Legionary, Just as sailing a yacht Is to the expert mariner. The
winds may be different on each trip and the craft is never handled twice in the same way, but the ex-
pert knowledge of the technique of his trade makes the Legionary and the skipper each acquit himself
of his task In finished fashion.
Officially the Foreign Legion la composed of eight thousand men. In reality it Is understood It has
nearly double that number, and the Legion becomes readily a whole army corps, with the addition of
some of France's colonial troops.
France for hundreds of years had regftnents of German, English, Irish, Scotch, Swiss, Italians and
other foreigners enrolled In her armies, but the present Foreign Legion may be considered as dating
from 1831. One brief rule In Its constitution says that the enlisting colonel may accept a man even
though he does not present a birth certificate or identification papers. Wherefore the names of tho
English and American Legionaries have been Smith, Brown and Jones; of Germans Muller. Schwartz
and Weiss; of the Italians, Rossi and Groasl; of the French, Petoit, Legrand anu Leclarc, and so on.
The recruiting officer reads the candidate a warning lecture. "Don't you know what the Legion is,
monsieur? Surely there Is something better you can do. Severe campaigning in Africa or In China for
a sou a day, or a few sous as you begin to advance, is no bed of roses. You had better think It over
a day or two. No? You already are aware? Very well, tnon cher enfant," and his tone changes as
lie now speaks«8 a colonel to his soldier: "There la a glorious career down there for the right kl-.d. If
you are a good and faithful soldier you may go far. Good luck!"
The recruiting colonel can generally tell at a glance what army the candidate has served In and
If be has been a sergeant or an officer. In the latter caso he Is discreetly questioned on the point, and
It Is suggested, for his own benefit, that he confidentially Inform his colonel when he arrives at the
training quarters in Africa. One who has been an officer in a European army !■ usually taken into the
corporals' class and may be advanced within a couple of years to be a sergeant of the Legion.
" If every year we could root out one vice we
would sopner become perfect men." Impatience
Is at the root of many defeats. It is customary
nowadays to sneer at the virtue for which the
name of Job Is synonymous, but those who say
that patience is the virtue of an ass or a beggar's
virtue are not so wise c.s the Spanish proverb-
maker, who said:
"Patience! and shuffle the cards." Most people
shuffle the cards eagerly -nough, but the patience
is lacking. Seeking to grasp the stars at a bound
they fall back to the earth.
And so, if people at he commencement of a
New Year adjusted their desires in accordance
with their abilities, and instead of sighing for the
unattainable made the very most of the oppor-
tunities vouchsafed to them, one would hear less
of broken resolutions and wasted lives.
"Do the duty which lies nearest to thee which
thou knowest to be a duty,' said Carlyle. "Thy
second duty will already have become clearer."
The Turning of New Leaves.
Good resolutions have almost gone out of fash-
ion. On the last night of the year we no longer
sit down to review our past lives and resolve to
be "better and wiser" than we have been in the
past. "It is of no use making resolutions, I never
can keep them," Is the plea that is usually prof-
fered. This is a mistake, however. It is com-
mendable to resolve (an alarm clock helping one)
to get up half an hour earlier than UBual in the
morning, even though it results—as, alas! it too
often does—in one getting up half an hour later.
It Is what one aspires to be that counts.
If people could live more in the present it
would help them enormously in the keeping of
good resolutions. So many people persist in be-
ing Just a little ahead all the time.
"Tomorrow," they say, "we will reform," but
the tomorrow of their imaginings never dawns.
Ancient and modern philosophers have agreed
as to the dangers of procrastination. Such wide
ly diverse people aB Horace, the Latin poet who
flourished In 65 R. C., and pushful persons who
flourish (exceedingly) at the present day. Join
issue in this particular.
"Who begins, possesses half the deed," savs
"Dare to be wise; make a commencement."
"Do it now," is the curt command of the mod-
ern apostle of "Hustle." Again, Horace says, "If
you are ignoran how to live aright, give place
to those who have learn :d the lesson."
"Get on or get out," says a manikin, following
in more concentrated, if 'ess courteous language
the same line of thought on a somewhat lower
plane. The one waB concerned with the things
of the soul and the spirit; the other with worldly
advancement. There are some who contend that
the two cannot go together, but If (as has been
contended by many men of wisdom) what a man
is is of more Importance than what he has, It is
well to make spiritual advancement as the yearB
go by. If we have not made progress, we have
gone back. The Boul never stands still. Time has
no terror for those who have learned wisdom.
Pass thou, wild heart,
Wild heart of youth that still
Hast half a mind to stay.
I grow too old a comrade;
Let us part,
Pass thou away.
Some people drag the follies and Immaturities
of youth Into old age. There Is wisdom In ad-
Justing oneself to time, to profit by past experi-
ences, and to acquire that sense of proportion
which refuses to magnify trifles Into tragedies,
and to worry over tho inevitable.
New York.—The arrest of Edmund
Justice, a night watchman employed
by the Hamburg-American Steamship
Company, was declared by federal
officials to supply the "missing link" In
a chain of evidence proving that the
steamship company was the financial
agent of the German government in
various plots against American neu-
trality alleged to have been uncov-
ered by the department of Justice.
Justice was arrested as an employe
and fellow conspirator of Paul Koe-
nig, head of the Hamburg-American
detective bureau, who is charged with
plotting to blow up the Welland canal.
Shortly after Justice's arrest, a law-
yer representing Koenlg appeared be-
fore United States Commissioner
Houghton and gave $30,000 bail for
the appearance of Justice, at a hear-
ing set for January 12. This makes
a total of more than $100,000 supplied
by the Hamburg-American Company
as bail for men accused of plotting
against American neutrality.
It Is charged that, at Koenlg's dl
rectlon. Justice accompanied Fred-
ENGLISH GIVE UP GALLIP0LI
TROOPS WITHDRAWN TO OTHER
LINES OF BATTLE.
Allies Admit Failure After Months of
Fighting, at the Mouth of
London.—The announcement of the
British withdrawal froxn Gallipoli over-
shadows all other war news. For the
British public the abrupt war state-
ment marks the end of one of the great
chapters of the war's history.
The shock of the news was hardly
broken by the fact that rumors had
been current in the streets for some
days and the withdrawal of the forces
had been a matter of widespread pro
and con discussion ever since Lord
Itibblesdale's famous speech In parlia-
ment in which he declared that with-
drawal had been recommended by a
high military authority.
The policy underlying the Dardan-
elles withdrawal means that the forces
will be used in some other part of the
field, but the fight for the famous
Btraits apparently is relinquished.
British troops continue to occupy
the tip of the peninsula at Seddul
Bahr commanding the entrance to the
straits were many British have de-
clared a new Gibraltar will one day
arise. The position here Is protected
by a double line of ships and it Is
assumed this will be held.
erick Metzier, also under arrest, to
Quebec and there sought to determine
the number of troops being sent to the
United Kingdom, what ships they
would sail on, together with details
of artillery equipment and other sup-
plies being sent abroad. It is alleged
that such activities were part of a
military plot directed from th United
StateB and as such violated federal
Indictments In the Welland canal
case are expected. The grand Jury
which has been investigating the ac-
tivities of Franz Von Rintelen in fo-
menting strikes in munitions factories
has completed its work but has ad
Journed over Christmas. Indictments
in this case probably will be returned
Von Papen Departs.
New York.—Captain Franz von Pa-
pen, Germany's recalled military at-
tache, left New York for Rotterdam
on the steamship Noordam, bearing a
safe-conduct to Germany from the en-
MORE CONSPIRATORS ARE NABBED
Head of German Spy* In America
Lands In Jail.
BOOTLEGGER KINGS CONVICTED
Oklahoma City.—William J. Creek
more of Joplin, Mo., king of the boot
leggers, whose alleged extensive
wholesale liquor law violations have
baffled the Oklahoma authorities for
years, was convicted of conspiracy to
I violate the state's prohibitory law In
the county court. With him were con-
victed Henry Tledeman and M. A.
('ahn, both of Oklahoma, allege.! em-
| ployes and associates of the man 'hat
Is said to have made himself almoit
a millionaire by defying tho law of
The Jury Imposed the extreme pen
alty of the law In thi> case of each
of the corutcted conspirators—i year
In the county Jail and a fine of $o00.
New York.—With the arraignment
here of Paul Koenig, said to be the
head of the German Becret service In
this country, and Richard Emll Leyen-
decker, a New York art goods dealer,
on a charge of conspiring to blow up
the Welland canal, federal officers as-
sert they had in their hands the clues
to a country wide conspiracy to blow
up munition plants which has already
resulted in the loss of many lives and
destruction of millions of dollars worth
of property. For several years Koenlg
has been the head of the detective
force employed here by the Hamburg-
American Steamship Company. The
company which Is subsidized by the
German government, was quick to come
to his aid and through a local surety-
concern supplied $50,000 bail for him
and $30,000 ball for Leyendecker.
The arrest of Klenlg and Leyen-
decker was coincident with the arrest
by county authorities of Frederic
Schlelndl, a clerk In the National City
Bank, Schlelndl, detectives claimed
confessed to divulging information re-
garding the shipment of munitions to
VILLA'S BROTHER LANDS IN JAIL
Charged With Swindling Texan Ou1
Hampton Man Is Tuskegee Choice.
New York,—Major Robert J. Morion
of Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va
was selected to succeed Booker T
Washington an president of Tuskegee
Institute, Tuskegee, Ala., at a special
meeting of tho committee of the trus-
tees of the estate. The committee
making the selection was composed of
Seth Low, chairman of the Tuskegee
trustees; Frank Trumbull, of the Ches-
apeake & Ohio railroad; Edward W.
Bancroft, W. W. Campbell and Victor
San Antonio.—Hlpollto Villa, broth-
er of the revolutionary leader, Fran'
Cisco Villa, was taken from a South,
ern Pacific, train here by federal autli
orlties and Jailed.
Hlpollto Villa, brother of Genera^
Francisco Villa, multi-millionaire, la
the man who turned Juarez, Mexico
into a second Monte Carlo.
Ramon Flores, who accompanied
him on his trip east and who was with
him when arrested, has had a lonn
career as an active fighter in Mex-
General Flores also was taken to
police headquarters but was not de-
tained. The arrest was made on a
telegram received by Chief Lancastet
from the sherlfT of El Paso county. II
said that Villa is wanted in El Pass
on a charge of swindling Victor Carw
so out of more than $50,000 on Oct
Late War News.
London.—The second American not«
to Austria shared the leading positions
in the late London newspapers with
i he report of the Russian success at
Varna, Bulgaria's chief seaport. Th«
critics believe that the Russian assault
i on Varna Is the prelude to a new effort
lor Constantinople which Ib less thau
j 150 miles distant. On the western
front tho success of tho French at
Hartmann's Wellerkopf In the Vosgee
is regarded in the allied capitals as nol
i 'iily a brilliant success but a decided
| piece of strategy.
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Tryon, W. M. The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 7, No. 47, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 30, 1915, newspaper, December 30, 1915; Davenport, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc110036/m1/3/: accessed February 16, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.